Fèndëh Sûł Hoptŏgën
"Reviving the Nation"
Within the Western Atlantic
Largest City: Taxilha
Official Language: Bagura
National Languages: Bagura, Sringi
Demonym: English: Snefaldian
Standard Snefaldian: Ḫuurŷ Hoptŏgën "Snefaldian Person"
Hoptŏgën Chuuŗ, "the People of Snefaldia"
Standard Luwish: Hašam Ḫattišani
- Lord Chancellor: Márkës Vinsëłmø-Ŕymè
- Lord Chamberlain of the Bėl: Tås Rata'a
- Minister of State: Šygmë Vinsëłmø-Ŕymè
- Chief Justice: Alti Spiran
- National Snefaldian Bėl
- Under Aatem Nal: 1455 CE
- Segovan: February 4th, 1701 CE
- Republic of Snefaldia: April 23rd, 1895 CE
- Tuhran Bel: October 25th, 1963 CE
- Republic: April 23rd 2008 CE
- Supreme Council (Military rule): October 31, 2013 CE
Water %: 5
Highest Point: Mount Tahhsin, 7,567m
Lowest Point: Yto Marsh, -4.6m
PDAS Development: B- (2011)
Calling code: +57
Internet TLD: .sne
ISO Code: SNEF
Snefaldia, officially the States-Federation of Snefaldia, (Bagura: Hoptŏgën or Fèndëh Sûł Hoptŏgën), is a large country almost entirely surrounded by mountains and bisected by a large river, which runs to the sea. The word "Snefaldia" is a corruption of the Old Frisian *snē and *falle, a term used by Knootian travelers in the 13th century.
The States-Federation belongs to the World Assembly and formerly the United Nations, and is aligned politically with the region of Western Atlantic, but retains historic connections with Antarctic Oasis, where it formerly served as Regional Delegate. Snefaldia has an area of 9,671,018 km², 5% of which is water.
The largest city in Snefaldia is the port city of Taxilha, surpassing the capital of Sargedain in population density per sq. km. in January, 2009.
Surrounded on four sides by mountain ranges, elevation ranges from the Velnar mountains in the north (with the highest point at Mt. Tahhsin, 7,567m) to the Memdër Delta of Fuschal Bay in the south (lowest point: Yto Marsh, Bae, 4.6m below sea level). Snefaldia borders Uncle Noel to the west, Daytanistan and Sabaristan in the north, and Kartlis in the northeast. Zamimbia is to the south. In the north and northwest Snefaldia is surrounded on all sides by high mountain ranges, with the Seril Mountains in the east, the Zogar Range to the west, the Hightops in the south, and the Velnar Mountains to the north. The central country is dotted with lakes and valleys, and the Saard river bisects the country, running from the northeast Velnars down through the southeast Serils before emptying into the Bay of Fuschal.
The Dayan Basin spreads across the central plain and is the breadbasket of the country. The Dayan flood plain forms the heart of Snefaldia. To the north are the Sring Issan highlands, defined by old-growth deciduous forests, sharps hills and low valleys, and small, numerous lakes. South of the Saard and Dayan is the subtropical Neer Dal (Dayan for "Great Forest"), home to marshes, expansive forests, and hundreds of small rivers.
To the west, in the foothills of the Zogars, is Allasha, a region defined by deep gorges and hot, windy steppes. The western region of Bae is largely rolling hills and valleys, considered excellent farmland.
The mouth of the Saard river forms the fertile, shallow Memdër delta. The rocky and steep terrain makes much of the area uninhabitable, but due to the regular flooding of the Saard the soil is very rich, and in history city-states took advantage of this. The high-altitude Shahd Plateau is cut by the Saard and rises up from the Dayan plain, continuing on to the sea and the port-city of Taxilha.
Snefaldia has a mixture of subtropical, temperate, and Alpine. The mountains are high and rocky, then lower in altitude are very hillish and flat before descending into the central plain. This change is elevation is reflected in the varied local climates. Many peope live in the traditional Snefaldian village. Conservation and the environment are taken very seriously, with the government Ministry of the Environment & Conservation maintaining a list of protected natural sites. There are stringent penalties for pollution.
Most major cities and population centers of Snefaldia are often hundreds to thousands of years old. After the establishment of the Republic of Snefaldia in 1895, the complex system of regional counties and provinces was reformed and centralized; The 1965 Uniform Law established the modern system of 9 regional circuits and 1200 administrative counties. Until 2014, several cities were classified as "Federal Metropoli" under the Basic Law, with special administrative status. These cities, now reclassified, remain important population and commercial centers:
Serasarda, seat of the faith of Aatem Nal and the Grand Library
Taxilha, second-largest city in Snefaldia and main seaport.
Mavátêisnáya, administrative center of Neer Dal Region
Korsahad, administrative center of Allasha Region
Luwatarna, administrative center of Karduniyaš Region
Isaardlang, administrative center of Sring Issa Region
Sargedaín, national capital and administrative center of Dayan Region.
The capital of Snefaldia, Sargedaín, straddles the Saard river, the largest and most important river in the nation, and is the largest city in the country. Serasarda, the religious and educational center of the nation, is located north of the capital in the region of Sring Issa.
The second largest city is Taxilha, also the largest and most important seaport. Sitting at the mouth of the Saard and the entrance to the sea, Taxilha recieves all the sea trade that comes into the country. Conversely, Luwatarna in Karduniyaš is the largest source of finished goods for export, and has the highest percentage of skilled workers after Sargedain.
Korsahad, the capital of the Allashan region, can claim to be the largest provincial administration center after Sargedain, though it competes only with Mavátêisnáya in the Neer Dal for production of raw materials- in Allasha the top being stone and minerals, and in Neer Dal being lumber and precious stones.
Due to its unique geography, Snefaldia has been largely isolated from outside exposure. Most foreign influence arrived through the mountain passes, and each region received a great deal of cultural influence from the peoples that made the trek over their respective mountain ranges.
The official language is Standard Snefaldian, based on Našili, the Dayan Luwite language. Most Snefaldians speak regional languages such as Sringi, Fehrdani, Kuwandian, (all Luwite tongues), Bajeong, Belädányán, or Sendaren, although there are other regional dialects. National education policy and a language academy provides strict guidelines for language education. From 1395 until 1895, the language of diplomacy was Tausite, a sociolect particular to northern Dayan and southern Sring Issa tnat developed among the aristocratic and scholarly classes during the Dayaniram; Tausite now is mainly a religious and clerical language but is still spoken in some areas of Sring Issa, especially by many older residents in Serasarda and Isaardlang.
The Standard Snefaldian is based on Central Dayan Našili, or "Republican" Našili, derived from the language spoken in and around the city of Sargedain at the establishment of the Republic in 1895 and subsequently adopted as the official language of government work. Našili was not made the official language of Snefaldia until 1990; in 2016 the government issued new guidelines to develop a standard national language that avoided regional biases.
Snefaldian citizenship is awarded at birth to the child of two citizens, or the child of a legally joined citizen and resident national. Resident nationals apply for special papers of residence, which allow them to live and work in Snefaldia. Any resident national may apply for full citizenship, which affords full voting rights, a passport, and the elimination of certain taxes and fees paid by resident nationals. Non-citizen non-national aliens can enter the country with an array of special limited travel visas, and must apply first for resident national status before applying for full citizenship. National status is granted on a variety of grounds determined by the Ministry of State, including economic reasons, refugee status, and treaty obligations. The children of two resident nationals born in Snefaldia and residing in-country for at least ten years continuously may take take a citizenship test at age 16.
Several protected groups are afforded immediate citizenship: any member of the ethnic minorities in metropolitan Snefaldia, and any immigrant who holds citizenship papers issued by the Republic of Snefaldia or can prove citizenship prior to 1963. In 2014 the Supreme Council added a third class to this list: any Overseas Snefaldian who can provide a [i]hassatar]/i] ancestral registry or trace their ancestry to Snefaldia within 4 generations, has conducted regular business within Snefaldia for at least 5 years, and can pass a language fluency test.
Snefaldia society is a multiethnic, with several distinct ethnic groups competing over land and resources. Largely divided along regional lines, the Dayan, Sringi, Bajeong, Beladanya & Sendaren Neeri, and Fehrdani & Kuwandi Allashan ethnic groups comprise the largest divisions of Snefaldia's many cultures, though many smaller and distinct groups are listed in government rolls, including northern Mallash, southern Savetêisnáyan, and Khaldini (or Tawsini). The government officially recognizes twelve major ethnic groups, with multiple smaller groups either unclassified or grouped as subsections of one or more of the major groups. Technically speaking, the largest ethnic group are the Luwites, which then divide themselves into Dayan, Sringi, Allashan, and Matoluwian subgroups. Despite their overall relations, their languages and customs are mutually unintelligible with some small exceptions.
The twelve major divisions are:
Fehrdani Allashan (Luwite)
Kuwandi Allashan (Luwite)
Kaššu (Karduniyaš Luwite)
A "national" Snefaldian ethnic identity did not fully coalesce until the mid-19th century, and ethnic communities established abroad prior to 1895 generally do no consider themselves "Snefaldians." However, the States-Federation government, like the Tuhran Bel before it, has carried on Republic-era policies considering all ethnic groups originating in metropolitan Snefaldia as "Snefaldians" regardless of their place of birth or origin, restricted where necessary by national and international law. "Diaspora" or "Overseas Snefaldians" as they are called include the Taxilhan and Luwite communities in Zamimbia, South Epheron, Aerion, and other countries in the Western Atlantic mostly established during the height of Taxilha's independent merchant empire; Sringi, Dayan, and Allashan communities that spread during the Time of Troubles, and more recent expatriate communities established after 1963. Since 2014, government policy has focused on increasing the identification of these overseas groups with the homeland, with the state providing funding for cultural events, business breaks, and educational scholarships; the United Front Commission is one such state agency dedicated to building links from the government to these overseas groups.
The Ministry of State under successive Chancellors pursued a policy of building relations with these communities abroad, financing cultural associations in other countries and offering incentives to investment, even offering dual citizenship to ethnic Snefaldians who purchase property or do business in Snefaldia.
There is some continuing ethnic conflict in Snefaldia, although very low-level, mostly relating to job discrimination and culture bias; in 2001 a study by Sargedain University found that on average Bajeong and Allashans were 25% less likely to be hired for a high-paying job than their Dayan, Sringi, and Neeri countrymen; the study also found those same groups were 35% less likely to have a position in government. The States-Federation has takensteps to combat ethnic discrimination, particularly among minority groups and non-Snefaldian ethnic citizens, but these efforts have slowed under the Supreme Council, and one of the many criticisms from dissident groups and media is that ethnic Bajeong people have largely been excluded from important government posts with official censure.
Snefaldia is widely multicultural along ethnic and regional lines, but all people share an identity as a "Snefaldia," whether they are Sringi, Neeri, Allashan, or Bajeong. Art, literature, ceremonies, celebrations, and much more varies between groups of people in the country, sometimes widely. Families are usually extended, even in the city. Fictive kinship is common in certain parts of the country. In rural areas and traditional villages, bilateral descent is the norm. Snefaldians usually marry someone from the same town, or a local clan. Homosexual relationships are not taboo, and in some parts of society encouraged.
Monogamy is the norm, but there are few social stigmas for extra-marital sexual relationships. Most marriages are for social status or resources, such as the joining of clans or advancement in rank. There are incest taboos for immediate family relatives as well as second cousins, but marriage of individual family members with someone from the same clan is common in Allasha and Bae.
Risk of infectious disease is low on average, but higher in Neer Dal and Karduniyaš where waterborne diseases are more common. Government health policies have limited the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and specifically HIV/AIDS, and public health law mandates vaccination for infectious diseases, although recently public health budgets have been slashed and private health and pharmaceutical companies have burgeoned. The Ministry of Health requires all children to be vaccinated against a wide array of diseases although the policy has proven difficult to enforce in isolated communities.
The Sotahr Islands sees frequent outbreaks of malaria, however since colonisation fatalities have dropped by 75%.
Snefaldia adopted the Gregorian calendar in 2007 for dates in all public dispatches, but prior to the adoption of the new calendar an Aatem Nal Calendar was used; this calendar counts years from the arrival of Aatem Nal in Snefaldia. Some businesses and publications still use this dating system.
Holidays are almost completely indigenous, with no foreign celebrations recognized by the government. Most traditional holidays are State Holidays, officially celebrated by central government. In 2014, the Supreme Council enacted a calendrical reform, eliminating some regional holidays and granting official status to holidays previously not recognized.
New Year - January 1
Glénd Àtaléin (Neer Dal)- February 1
Commemoration of Aatem Nal - March 1
Festival of the Vernal Equinox
Feast of the Flooding - ~April 2
Feast of Ta'us- May 22
Festival of the Summer Solstice - June 21
Festival of the Motions- First week of August
Festival of the Autumnal Equinox - September 23
Sangi-nergal (Festival of the Dead)- October 29-31
Great Winter Week- November 2-9 (Aatem Nal, official as of 2014)
Autumnal Harvest/Autumn Flood - November 16
Pilgrimage Day - December 30
Prior to the 2014 calendrical changes, the following were official state holidays:
Bae People's Day - April 1
Storm Day (Allasha)- July 26
Ibal (Allasha) - December 19
Foreign policy in Snefaldia is largely conducted along economic lines, with the government actively seeking favorable trade and investment partners.
The country maintains relations with members of the Antarctic Oasis, formerly sitting on the Regional Security Council before realigning politically with the Western Atlantic, and is a member of the Allied Antarctic Asskickers treaty, as well as a signatory to the Antarctic Oasis Economic Advancement Agreement (AOEAA). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs oversees all embassies and diplomatic relation regarding Snefaldia. Currently, the Ministry is headed by Severín vèl Ortóvenë as First Minister. In January, 2009, the Chancellery of Ren Dirh created the position of "Minister of W.A. Affairs," promoting WA Ambassador Nemo Taranton to the office; this position was assigned to Wemiya Tarku after the creation of the Supreme Council, but was downgraded to the status of an independent Commission after the death of Pairi Hantili and Snefaldia's departure from the World Assembly.
The Foreign Legation are the nation's ambassadors to the world, a few of whom were appointees under the Tuhran Bel. Representatives of foreign nations to Snefaldia are recorded as "diplomatic corps." Antarctic Snefaldia hosts the Antarctic Oasis diplomatic headquarters, located in Meniñım Prison
Snefaldia has legal protections ensuring religious freedom, and has a wide variety of religious denominations represented in the country. Aatem Nal is the largest and most visible faith in Snefaldia, originating in the highlands of Sring Issa in the 14th century CE. Local religious practices, similar to animism and ancestor worship are very common; native traditions are generally not credal and can be practiced alongside other traditions despite possible contradictions; Snefaldians in general see little problem with this. Abrahamic faiths have been present since at least the 12th century CE when Christianity, Judaism, and Islam were introduced following the upheavals following the Crusades. Byzantine Orthodox and Roman Catholicism are the most predominant denominations, centered mostly in Allasha. Palaamian Mazdaism was introduced in the 9th century, and experienced a resurgence in Bae in the 16th century.
Although official policy ensures religious freedom, non-Aatem Nal minorities often complain of bias and discrimination, especially in the government, for their religious beliefs. They claim the entrenched cultural position of Aatem Nal harms them by creating an expectation that Snefaldians must belong to Aatem Nal, despite the large population of native non-Aatem Nal adherents.
The principle exports of the country are agricultural products- both for consumption, industrial use, and private development. Mining in the mountainous areas yields copper, manganese, iron, coal, and some rare earth metals. Neer Dal and Sring Issa have large foresting industries, who comply by government mandate with World Assembly mandates.
The financial markets are largely based in Sargedain, which is home to the SNSE, the nation's largest stock exchange. Two other stock exchanges, the TAxB and the HOP, make up the largest part of Snefaldia's expanding stock market. The Lyran banking company, Lambda Financial, has wide market penetration.
Snefaldia has a burgeoning shipbuilding industry, growing in the early 2000s with a partnership with The Royal Shipyards of Isselmere-Nieland, since purchased and nationalised by the Snefaldian government. In addition, several other shipwrights have anchorages in Taxilha and the Obom Islands in Fuschal Bay; part of government efforts to reduce dependency on foreign powers for industrial production and military supplies.
In February 2009, the Chancellery concluded trade agreements with the Empire of Urgench, expanding the Central Bank of Snefaldia in Tabriz. Urgenchi companies, including the Yorta Corporation and Hunduk Wellness Solution Ltd. were allowed latitude to establish branches in Snefaldia. in 2011, the government concluded a large deal with Lambda Financial to operate in the country.
Wine, beer, and liquors are produced in many parts of the country, with distinctive traditional variants that have thus far failed to proliferate on the international market.
Drugs are legal and regulated in the States-Federation on a tiered basis depending on their impact on the user. Most drugs, like cannabis and other hallucinogens (including those used in religious services) can be purchased from a provider licensed by the government. Drugs such as heroin and cocaine are more strictly regulated, and can only be found in monthly doses from a government-run dispensary with a medical license. It is illegal to sell or provide any drug to someone under the age of 16. Many companies produce or grow drugs, and in some areas are subject to controlled appellations by area of origin, akin to wine or tea.
Formerly, Ministry of Telecommunications manages television and radio broadcasts, though very loosely. Currently, Snefaldian TV carries programming from three foreign networks: selections from Ariddia's PINA, Cookesland's CBC, Knootoss's KNN and Kelssek's KBC.
There are a large number of national information service groups, and most Snefaldians prefer newspapers for their news, with local and regional news being covered by several language-specific papers. The largest and most popular are the Dayan-based Courier-Sarge, the Allashan paper Korsa Awake! and the Isaardlang-centered broadsheet New Herald Sring. National, international, and financial news is covered more completely by the Snefaldia Broadcasting Company, which receives funding from the government, as well as the independent news services of the Snefaldia Herald and Snefaldia Times. Public broadcasting is represented by Snefaldia Public Media, a broad-based media company. Aatem Nal publishes a weekly journal called the Motions-Herald, and independent foreign news is analyzed by the respected Foreign Policy Monthly.
Since late 2013 press freedoms have been severely curtailed or highly regulated by the Supreme Council and the Central Military Commission's General Political Department. Many journalists have been detained or charged with crimesfor reporting on sensitive topics or military rule itself. Many journalists and publishers have taken refuge outside of Snefaldia.