# The Independent Newspaper

**WA Delegate:** None.

**Founder:** The Republic of The Newspaper Boy

**Last WA Update:**

**Embassies:** Union of Democrats, The Embassy, The NewsStand, Lezra, Novus Lucidum, The Bar on the corner of every region, SECFanatics, Monarchist and Democratic Alliance, The Norwegian Region Legion, Africa, Roman Byzantine Union, South Pacific, Novo Brasil, The World Rearranged, New Europe, The Parliamentary Union of Nations, and 69 others.Scania, Free Market Federation, Lardyland, Hollow Point, The Twitter, Universal Pact, Dauiland, India, Teutonic Empire, The Union of Imperials, Republican Army, The Moderate Alliance, The Continental Funiverse, Kebabistan, Allied Federation of Nations, Region Name, The International Polling Zone, United League of Nations, International Debating Area, The Democratic Republic of Freedom, Andromeda Galaxy Coalition, communist pact, nasunia, The United Empires of Carson, Soviet Union, NHL, Pangea Oceania, United Bird Nations, Bus Stop, True Land, Train Station, Europe but better, Legrume, Yuno, The Sands, Yipmens Donut Shop, Embassy Hub, Solarpunk, Laraniem, The Great Universe, Union of Nationalists, The Noodle Shop At The Edge Of Reality, Dream Land, The Alliance of Dictators, LMS learning Group, Merchandise of Alself, Trindade Capitalista, NationStates Tobacco Corporation, The Rings Of Gold Casino, Fredonia, The Corrupted News Outlet, Union of the Yulb, The United European Block, San Andres, The League of Socialist States, Chicken overlords, Krasnaya, The Monarchy alliance, Northern Ocean, Calradia, The Seven Realms, La nova Terra, FNAF, Live love and laugh, Australia, Mathematic, The Confederacy of Aligned Nations, Bundesliga, and Change.

**Tags:** Minuscule, Password, and Recruiter Friendly.

The Independent Newspaper contains 2 nations.

## Today's World Census Report

### The Highest Foreign Aid Spending in The Independent Newspaper

The World Census intercepted food drops in several war-torn regions to determine which nations spent the most on international aid.

As a region, The Independent Newspaper is ranked **20,220 ^{th}** in the world for Highest Foreign Aid Spending.

Nation | WA Category | Motto | ||
---|---|---|---|---|

1. | The Republic of NS Boy 2 | Inoffensive Centrist Democracy | “My Main Nation is The Newspaper Boy” | |

2. | The Republic of The Newspaper Boy | Inoffensive Centrist Democracy | “Follow us for breaking news aletrs!” |

## Regional Happenings

- : Embassy cancelled between Official European Union and The Independent Newspaper.
- : Embassy established between The Independent Newspaper and Change.
- : The Republic of Eastern-States of the region Official European Union ordered the closure of its embassy in The Independent Newspaper.
- : Embassy established between Bundesliga and The Independent Newspaper.
- : Embassy established between The Confederacy of Aligned Nations and The Independent Newspaper.
- : Embassy established between The Independent Newspaper and Mathematic.
- : The Glorious Empire of Calebon of the region The Red Empire proposed constructing embassies.
- : The Democratic Republic of Caerdydd of the region Change agreed to construct embassies.
- : The Republic of The Newspaper Boy proposed constructing embassies with Change.
- : The Republic of Citell of the region Bumba Damballa proposed constructing embassies.

## The Independent Newspaper Regional Message Board

Yes, we will publish your article soon.

Yes!

This Week's Newspaper is released!

*Keep yourself updated with the News of NationStates!*

**Edition 2**

*Issue VI*

**HEADLINES**

•The Wolf Clan denies to break any treaties regarding OSN.

•Revolt going on in The United Federations against the Founder.

•Abydos region claims to turn into a defender region.

•New Supreme Chancellor elected in Aukumnia.

**TWC denies to invade OSN Territory**

In reply to our previous issue, one of the TWC officer said,"*the wolf clan did not break the armistice. The region was refounded, not "captured" "taken" or any other more action packed wording. That is all. Novus Lucidium actually broke their treaty with us as they prefer to deal with fascist regions like kaiserreich and its puppet state OSN."*

In response Novus Lucidum Founder,Odinburgh, said, *"Untrue. The evidence showing direct proof was published a few weeks ago. It's not true we had any previous dealings with Kaisèrreich. As for OSN they were an ally long before Novus Lucidum existed and before becoming an ally to The Wolf Clan when all of my region members were in The Radiant which was in control of another fascist that was it's founder. "*

Odinburgh further stated that they left twice to start up a new region and here they were in a new region again since late last year.

"*This misconception that we are fascist is false and will continue to fight this fake narrative of me and my region.our friends in the OSN are not fascists. Novus Lucidum is firmly against fascism.*" said Odinburgh.

At last the nation claimed, in a dispatch, to bring out an official Condemnation against TWC.

We will try to cover more on this article, in the next issue.

**Revolt in The United Federations**

The residents of The United Federation have united against their Founder, accusing him of dictator.

Last week, the protesters urged the public to withdraw their endorsement from the founder and in return, endorse one of their recognised candidates.

We tried to gather the backstory from Dabberwocky, one of the residents of the region,he said, *"There is this YouTuber called SpikeViper. He has a NS account, which is Vooperia. In one video, he asked his subscribers to create an NS account and join his region, The United Federations. This caused a spike in the region's population. SpikeViper also has a discord account and a discord server, which is called SpookVooper."*

As per reports, Vooperia and TUF (The United Federations) were doing well for the first few months. Vooperia had become the WA delegate for the region. Vooperia had also elected some ROs to govern the region. However, Vooperia wasn't active on NS. This caused some nations to question whether Vooperia was fit to be the delegate and representative of TUF to the world.

Further, Dabberwocky said, *"However, a month ago, Vooperia did something that enraged the nations on the NS TUF Discord Server (which was separate from SpookVooper). Spike (Vooperia) "disowned" the server and announced all lore in the server unofficial. This affected many, but not all members of TUF. However, as many admins and ROs were in the server, they decided to make a new region, separate from TUF. The new region named Urana Firma (UF), quickly grew as many people from TUF transferred found in the factbook. I suggested to make an SC proposal to condemn Vooperia, but after many tries with Wunderlightia, we gave up. So, we tried to make Marxist Germany the WA Delegate of TUF. Marxist Germany and I have also started to TG the nations whom have endorsed Vooperia, to convince them to withdraw their endorsement. I also created the factbook above for the same purpose. This worked fairly well. as Vooperia lost about 20 endorsements in two days. While Vooperia has yet to lose WA Delegate status, he will soon."*

In a startling twist of policy, the region of Abydos, long hailed as one of the most politically dynamic regions on NationStates, has suddenly turned Defender. This new development comes on the heels of a series of radical changes out of the region.

Qon the regions 5th Grand Luxarch and highest in command announced today in a new decree *"The Defense Guild of Abydos shall act only as Defender for all joint operations abroad. When acting independently, Abydos shall be regarded as an Independent Defender. This shall mean that our primary purpose abroad is to defend a region against militaries seeking to raid the region, take temporary control over a region to repair damage and changes caused by raiders in the past, and work with and coordinate defense operations with other like-minded defender organizations."*

This news as surprising, given the regions history of generally supporting raiderism and its history with regions such as The Wolf Clan.

As Abydos turns over a new lead militarily, the region has also experienced a host of other chances. The return of the regions first High Priest Requiemis after a three month politically motivated Exodus that left the region understaffed and low on activity. With the return of Requiemis, Grand Luxarch Qon appointed him as High Oracle of the regions Oracles Guild.

The Second Grand Luxarch, Hydoria also returned to Abydos today, marking the first time he has resided in Abydos since his resignation and eventual death back in October 2018.

With all of these changes Abydos has a long way to roar back to life. The Abydos Conclave still remains under-staffed, and a host of other Guilds remain vacant. Grand Luxarch Qon has his work cut out for him but transforming the foreign policy of Abydos is a step in the right direction. Seeking defender allies will be his next step.

**New Supreme Chancellor in Aukumnia**

*Source:Aukumnia Times*

On the first of this month, a new Supreme Chancellor was elected, shaking Aukumnian politics at its core. This new Supreme Chancellor was built on the basis of the departure of Retiva, the former Chairman of The Imperial Front and one of the leading political figures of the region. He departed the region due to real-life concerns, but he still desired to see the political success of his movement continue beyond his presence. Thus, he promoted Prozera, one of the Imperial Councillors of his party, to the position of Chairman, and exited the server. Prozera swiftly took charge of the party and registered for the Supreme Chancellor elections, which were due to begin within the hour. The election was now a rush to see if Prozera could hold the same political popularity that Retiva once did and hold his own within this heated election.

The election lasted forty-eight hours and saw a turnout of forty-two voters, the highest in Aukumnian history. The results were released, and, to the surprise of much of the region, Prozera won with a six vote lead. Red (Gil Lodihr), the Chairman of the Aukumnian Freedom Party came in second place, and Actobere, an independent candidate, and Eagle (North Havenlock), the Aurelian Reformist Party's fielded choice, both tied for third with four votes. Prozera had served once before as the leader of the Imperium, but he failed to do anything substantial, now only time would tell if this term would be any different for him.

Immediately after the election ended, Prozera took his oath and put into place the first actions of his administration. He began with a restructuring of the Cabinet, which sought to streamline some of the processes and stamp out many of the overlapping duties which existed between Ministries. He completely abolished the Ministry of the Interior, and split its duties among the Ministry of Justice, a former Ministry, and the Ministry of Recruitment and Ministry of Culture, both new.

To the surprise of many, the often-partisan Prozera appointed a Cabinet which had one person from each party and an independent, effectively leaving only one position filled by a member of his own party. From here, he began by throwing his Cabinet into action. He made sure that each of them created some sort of bodies under their Ministry and appointed offices below them to handle tasks that they could not, and he ensured that each Minister had a plan for the actions they would take in the coming term.

Prozera implemented a new system which no prior Supreme Chancellor had ever thought of: Executive Reports. He promised to release an Executive Report at the end of each week, detailing the actions taken by his Cabinet that week and the plans for the following week. After forty-eight hours in the office, he released his first Executive Report, detailing the actions taken by his rather active Cabinet within a Weekly Bulletin which he sent out.

Last new weekly bulletin detailed all of the news from the prior week, but it also contained the much-anticipated Report. The report detailed a rather active Cabinet. Not a single Cabinet members had accomplished nothing and all of them had rather ambitious plans for the coming weeks. From here, there are two possibilities: either Prozera will go on to lead the most active Cabinet in Aukumnian history, or his ambition will turn to null as he runs out of steam. Only time will tell which comes to fruition.

**Condemnation against Land of Kings and Emperors**

Last week an attempt was made by Consular to condemn The Land of Kings and Emperors, o oldest and closest allies of many regions like Europeia. The proposal received significant support from many individuals as well as small regions, along with the initial support of a select few large regions such as The South Pacific and Osiris. However, support for the condemnation soon collapsed following the discovery that Consular had fabricated evidence against the LKE. This was uncovered by none other than Europeia's own Chief of State, Kuramia. Attempts have been made to condemn Consular in return, though most have been struck down as being 'tit for tat' motions.

**Battle For The Puck**

*In an exciting game, the Predators and the Sabres beat tooth to tooth- in one of the most (arguably) exiting matches of the season. The Pretadors beat the Sabres eight to five. The game was at a stalemate at first, with the Sabres holding thier ground. However, the Predators brilliant plays, outsmarted the Sabres. They almost lost however, so focused on the offensive that their defence was weak. The Predators nontheless prevailed.*

*If you want to put any advertisement/news from your region,please contact our editor,The Newspaper Boy*The Hindu, Jain and Buddhist Swastika is an important sign in their religion and it represents their culture and beliefs as you must have seen from the video above.

If you wanted to go to more complexity then please go to Wikepedia Swastika. If you don't then please enjoy the pictures below and send this factbook to as many people as you know in order to spread awareness of this, not only in NationStates, but also in Real Life.

HINDU SWASTIKA

JAIN SWASTIKA

BUDDHIST SWASTIKA

Buddhist Temple

Hindu Temple

I would like to bring this into the light and hope to spread the conscientiousness about this important topic.

I do not mean any harm or evil intent to any of the swastikas.

**It doesn't matter if you love maths or are just a food lover. You are legally required to place your opinion in Laraniem's polls (I think...)**

**I know "Pi" is not the same as "Pie". You have four days to to be annoyed at this. Enjoy...**

A great informative article!

Loved it!

**Euler's Identity**

Whilst for some invoking mathematics might provoke an intense sensation of fear, mathematics can be aesthetically beautiful, if not elegant. According to British philosopher Bertrand Russell,

- Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty—a beauty cold and austere, like that of sculpture, without appeal to any part of our weaker nature, without the gorgeous trappings of painting or music, yet sublimely pure, and capable of a stern perfection such as only the greatest art can show. The true spirit of delight, the exaltation, the sense of being more than Man, which is the touchstone of the highest excellence, is to be found in mathematics as surely as poetry [1].

For other mathematicians, such as Paul Erdős, the beauty of mathematics is even more innate, who compared asking why numbers are beautiful to asking why Beethoven's Ninth Symphony beautiful. Plato, the supreme rationalist, thought that mathematical beauty was the highest form of beauty. A 2014 fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) study found that "beautiful" mathematics elicited the same neurobiological response experienced when beauty is observed in art [2].

Interest in aesthetically pleasing mathematics is not a recent phenomena. The golden ratio is defined to occur when the ratio of two quantities (*a* and *b*) is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities. For *a* > *b* > 0, the golden ratio is defined as (*a* + *b*) / *a* = *a* / *b*. Believing the golden ratio to be aesthetically pleasing, the architect Le Corbusier proportioned his works such that the ratio of the longer side to the shorter of rectangles approximated the golden ratio, therefore forming the golden rectangle [3]. It has also been observed in the Parthenon of Athens and the musical compositions of Bach.

Related to the golden ratio is the Fibonacci sequence, a fractal pattern. (For more on fractals take a look at Uan aa Boa's Fractal nerdery on the Mandelbrot set, where they also address imaginary and complex numbers, and Fractal nerdery 2 - a field with an infinite fence round it.) This sequence is defined as a sequence, starting with 0 and 1, where each number is the sum of the proceeding two numbers. Mathematically, this recurrence is: *F*_{0} = 0 and *F*_{1} = 1, and *F*_{n} = *F*_{n-1} + *F*_{n-2} for *n* > 1. The Fibonacci sequence has been observed in nature, with the leaves of some plants and petals of some flowers arranged in this particular sequence spiral in addition to sea and snail shells. The limit when *n* approaches ∞ (infinity) of *F*_{n+1} / *F*_{n} equals the golden ratio, (1 + √5) / 2 or about 1.618... [4].

Mathematicians are likely to cite Euler's identity or the Pythagorean Theorem as examples of mathematical beauty. The Pythagorean Theorem, simply stated, is that the square of the hypotenuse, or the side opposite of the 90 degree angle of a right triangle, is the sum of the square of the other two sides. That is, for hypotenuse of side length *c* and adjacent side lengths *a* and *b*, *a*^{2} + *b*^{2} = *c*^{2}. A simple proof of this theorem includes rearranging of geometric areas as shown in the figure to the right.

Perhaps the favourite of the two (Richard Feynman called it the "our jewel" and "the most remarkable formula in mathematics" [5]), Euler's identity, containing basic arithmetic operations including addition, multiplication and exponentiation and the seemingly unrelated numbers of *e*, *i*, and *π* (pi), has been described as an exquisite beauty of upmost elegance. Namely,

- It is simple to look at and yet incredibly profound, it comprises the five most important mathematical constants - zero (additive identity), one (multiplicative identity), e and pi (the two most common transcendental numbers) and i (fundamental imaginary number) [6].

Euler's identity relates the exponential base of the natural logarithm *e* = 2.718... and *π* = 3.141..., or the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, and the imaginary unit *i* such that *i*^{2} = −1. It is defined as follows. For some complex number *z*, i.e. a number with real and imaginary components, *e*^{z} equals as the limit as *n* approaches infinity of (1 + *z* / *n*)^{n}. This is one of the definitions of the exponential function. The identity was named after the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler. Euler's formula was named after him, which was proven by power series (an example of Taylor series) expansions of the exponential function, and will be discussed at length below.

In the special case where *z* = *iπ* it can be shown that *e*^{z} is equal to -1, or Euler's identity. Given Euler's formula, which relates trigonometric functions to the complex exponential function thus connecting algebra and geometry, *e*^{ix} = cos *x* + *i* sin *x*. If *x* = *π*, as given by our assumed special case, then *e*^{iπ} = cos *π* + *i* sin *π*. Where the input to the trigonometric functions is in radians, and since cos *π* = -1 and sin *π* = 0, therefore *e*^{iπ} = -1 + *i* 0. Written equivalently, this yields Euler's identity: *e*^{iπ} + 1 = 0.

This relationship can be explained geometrically. If you have a complex number *z*, which is represented by a point (*x*, *y*) on the complex plane, *z* = *x* + *i y*. Similarly, this number can be represented in polar coordinates as a point on the unit circle (see figure to the right) where *r* = 1 is the magnitude of the distance from the origin for some angle *φ* (phi) anti-clockwise from the real axis (Re). These Cartesian coordinates (*x*, *y*) can be converted to be in terms of their polar coordinate definition as (*r* cos *φ*, *r* sin *φ*). Thus, *z* = *r* (cos *φ* + *i* sin *φ*).

According to Euler's formula, this is equivalent to *z* = *r e*^{iφ}. Pairing this with Euler's identity, *e*^{iπ} = -1 is in effect defined as a point on the complex plane with a distance of 1 from the origin and angle π radians from the positive real axis. That is, Euler's identity is stating that if one starts at *e*^{0} = 1, travels at the velocity *i* relative to one's position for the length of time *π* to cross the imaginary (Im) axis, and adds 1, one arrives at 0 or the origin of the complex plane.

[1] Bertrand Russell. "The Study of Mathematics". *Mysticism and Logic: And Other Essays*, p. 60. 1919.

[2] Semir Zeki, John Paul Romaya, Dionigi M T Benincasa and Michael F Atiyah. The experience of mathematical beauty and its neural correlates. *Frontiers in Human Neuroscience*, vol. 8, 2014. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00068.

[3] Richard Padovan. *Proportion: Science, Philosophy, Architecture*, p. 35. 2002.

[4] T C Scott and P Marketos. On the origin of the Fibonacci Sequences. University of St Andrews. *MacTutor History of Mathematics*. 2014-03-23. http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Publications/fibonacci.pdf.

[5] Richard P Feynman. *The Feynman Lectures on Physics*, Volume I, Ch. 22. 1963.

[6] James Gallagher. Mathematics: Why the brain sees maths as beauty. *BBC News*. 2014-02-13. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26151062.

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