Primer Plan: Diplomacia y Negociaciones II
President Sarmiento held a secret meeting together with the ministers of the Ministry of War, Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure, and the Ministry of Diplomatic and Foreign Affairs. The purpose of the said event is to have a common decision on what country should Argentina extend its hands next. Still, Argentina didn't have a response from the Brazilian neighbors but they are patient and are willing to wait. By the meantime, President Sarmiento decided to discuss with his chosen ministers some potential friends outside South America. They have summed up a total of five (5) candidates, two (2) of which from Asia and the remaining three (3) are situated in Europe. The Empires of Japan and China, are potential Asian friends, but must be very inconvenient due to distance. The Russian Empire, the German Empire, and the Netherlands are also potential, and is seen by Argentina's Government as rising European superpowers.
With intensive debates and sharing of ideas, one stood out to fulfill the promise of economic, military, and trade growth. The German Empire is seen to be the best choice. With the mining industry underdeveloped, German companies may capitalize and exploit the diverse untapped resources and open up large steel mills which can help to the country's construction projects. The country is also in need of foreign economic specialists to consult and offer suggestions of how to further expand the meat processing and textiles manufacturing industry. With Germany being experienced in warfare, experts are highly needed to analyze our military and hopefully help in developing our own firearms since artillery is not yet on the list. This will further ensure internal and national security. Construction of embassies are also being considered. The government already selected the members of the delegation in this diplomatic mission led by the Minister on Diplomacy and Foreign Affairs himself, Juanito Sanchez. We will be waiting for the counterpart country's response.
Chill beats LLC
Primer Plan: Diplomacia y Negociaciones III
With the German Empire being the first choice, the meeting also considered a second choice. Asia's Rising Tiger they say, the Empire of China. Experiencing economic and military growth at an unimaginable scale, it is on its way on becoming a global power. Having the Chinese as friends would be of great benefit. Although the government sees very little benefits as of now, creating diplomatic ties between our countries is considered as a must. With the Chinese developing this fast, more opportunities might open up for us and for them in the near future. With huge trust in the Chinese, a small delegation is prepared and is led by Ricardo Fuentes, the famous and young sidekick of the President. We will wait for their response.
The Exalted Ottoman State update circa Jan 1872~
The Spendthrift Sultan:
Sultan Abdulaziz is a rather portly man with a penchant for the navy. Rising to the throne in 1861 he has presided over a truly staggering and baffling period for the empire. Expanding the navy and engaging in aggressive policies of reform in the administration and military. His… bizarre priorities has led the Ottoman state to be the proud owner of the world's third largest navy, with 13 ironclad battleships as of January 1872. The Sultan has proven to be less than responsible with finance, taking out massive loans of millions of Ottoman Lira at a time to fund both his lavish lifestyle, palace construction sprees, And placing extensive orders for new naval vessels as his obsession with all things nautical manifests in a looming spectre over the Finances of the empire. The Sultan however, while inclined against frugality has a pragmatic view on politics. And has been hard at work issuing directives to Ottoman ambassadors in far flung diplomatic posts, diligently seeking improved relations with the outside powers.
Regrettably, the close advisors of the Sultan have over the years been aging and failing in health. With the vanguard of the Tanzimat years departed and the Grand Vizier, Mehmed Emin li Pasha has lost his battle with tuberculosis late last year. The Sultan called back Ahmed Şefik Midhat Pasha from his temporary station as diplomat in London to serve as his new Vizier. The priorities in his eyes being to try and finish rectifying the faltering economy and stagnant industrial capacity of the nation. Along with modernising education within the empire continuing the Tanzimat reforms in this field. Furthermore, the challenges from inside the empires own administration would need answering. With more and more officials discovering the dire situation the Sultan had dragged the nation into…
(Link to a doc containing all large ships of the ottoman navy: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VgVkw0pb9aVgv_iVRhIehqTRNMvoIDCTkSqEFo4Dz0Q/edit?usp=sharing)
The economy and budget
The Ottoman Empire in its entire history had never taken a foreign loan until 1854. After which the Sultans developed quite an addiction to this tantalising line of credit, especially with the ascension of the Sultan Abdulaziz. Accruing a truly staggering debt of 133.192 million Ottoman Lira (redeemable for 0.903 Pound Sterling each in period money) The interest payments alone on which come to a shocking 7.45 million Lira. Taking up around 40% of the national state yearly budget. This poses a massive financial burden to the Empire, and of course means that it represents a substantial investment for the banks of Europe. As the Empire acts to subsidise the financial markets of the European states.
In order to reduce the overall spending of the Ottoman state, strict policies have been implemented for the near future. A moratorium on all new naval purchases, abrogating the concessions of 1673 and 1740 in order to raise import duties from 3% to 6%. A cut in the annual allowance of the royal family by 200 000 lira from 1 million to 0.8 million, and the establishment of a commission to nationalise the assets of the Sunni religious class and mosque lands within the borders of the empire. And establish a more modern state run clergy.
Ottoman budget 1872:
(if you want info on how this was calculated or what the extrapolations made were just ask in the discord, a lot of research was done for this.)
“It is sad to think our hand may be forced…” With the Ottoman treasury being all but empty and the budget still running a negative due to one final large arms purchase.And with a meeting proposed with a German diplomat, the eponymous Von Schlozer about a mysterious policy that could: “Benefit both our empires immensely.” was too good to refuse. Of course this would come to be the so called ‘Tunis Agreement.’ Which would involve the sale of, and renunciation of claims over Tunisia, while providing the substantial amount of 2.5 million lira to cover the years shortfall and be put towards the construction of new railway lines connecting Konstantiniyye to Sarajevo.
The Sultan, deciding to take an active part in the discussion and debate of the terms. Offered his navy to assist the Germans in establishing control, much to the dismay of his Vizier, who was already struggling to reduce the deficit and make ends meet. All the while suffering from tuberculosis and trying to keep the Sultan from rashly making any more purchases. This would be the capstone of a long and storied career for the Vizier, falling to tuberculosis shortly after his last great accomplishment for the empire. An inclusion of a formal treaty of friendship with the German Empire, and a promise for German advisors and officers to help bolster Ottoman training and tactics
Military and Diplomatic:
The Tunisian Theatre:
Since the agreement of the Ottoman Empire to hand over and renounce the claims to Tunisia. The local population have essentially fallen in general revolt. The troops sent alongside the information to this far flung outpost of Ottoman influence attempted to. And failed at working with the local militia to contain the riots. After almost being swarmed by ill equipped yet emphatic combatants. The order was given by the venerable Ahmed Pasha to fall back to the docks, where the naval detachment could support them with their two Coastal Turret ships, the Luft-u Celil, and the Hifz-ur Rahman. Both equipped with 2 imposing 203/15 Armstrong 9-ton MLR cannon and 2 more 178/16 Armstrong 6.5-ton MLR cannon. With the support of the thunderous gunfire the soldiers were able to hold the line. And established a firm foothold in the naval district of the city of Tunis itself.
As of the turn of 1872 The Ottoman state has engaged in diplomatic contact with two principal nations. The British Empire and the German Empire, with plans to send diplomats to the Austro Hungarians and the French Empires as well. It has been hoped by the Sultan and his inner circle that these nations will be able to provide economic support, military support, and protection from the bellicose Russian Empire to the north.
As this report is being typed discussions in London are ongoing between the new Vizier and the British foreign secretary. Discussing the purchase of 600 000 Martini Henry rifles for express delivery to the Ottoman army. Offering in exchange 2,322,000 Ottoman Lira. Single Handedly throwing even the revised Ottoman budget into a temporary negative figure that must be covered in part by the revenues from the sale of Tunisia.
Thankfully, through a set of financial reforms and cost cutting the Ottoman budget is finally more or less balanced. With an overall positive cash flow predicted next year as well as the massive expenditures on new arms is not predicted to expand further into 1873. This has given the state some breathing room even if the interest on the titanic debt takes up 7 million of the national budget as is. It is expected that with this surplus railway lines could be funded, and the imperial naval arsenal in Konstantiniyye remain operational with new ship orders of small corvettes for the foreseeable future. The main goals for the Ottoman state this year will be to make steps towards a state church, and to further its friendships aboard.
Vast modernisation plans are being internally discussed in the empire as well, with this current budget strapped for spare resources however. Internal discussion over policy rages onward with the result expected to come before the end of the year, with around 1-1.5 million Lira being made available for projects each year.
New Rail projects:
-Konstantiniyye to Sarajevo
--Alexandroupoli to Thessaloniki (est complete 73~)
--Mitrovica to Sarajevo (est complete 74~)
(will include a map next time)
The colony the SAC has built in Indochina has finally become an official semi-autonomous state within the Empire, Indokina, the Scandinavian translation of Indochina, and the new name of the colony, has expanded with 2 entire new provinces. Young men from all over Scandinavia have been drafted in the last few months to move to Indokina, and the big influx of men finally came. This eases our attempts at claiming the regions. After a meeting with the native Siamese our hold over the region is secured, now we know they are no longer a possible threat to us. Svenshaller is building a trainstation, it is to be the largest in all of Asia, and soon trains will go from North to South all throughout Indokina. Glory to our Emperor, without his grace we might have never dreamed about establishing such a foothold. Our glorious Empire makes us think of our roots, the old vikings of the north. Feared rapers, pillagers, thieves. Fearsome warriors, with a nack for killing. Luckily we're not as savage as our forefathers once were, but we still hold the same power as they once did, walking in their footsteps towards everlasting glory and legacy. The SAC has managed to secure two more provinces in their east-African territory. We encountered a few local tribes, yet with some gifts they were easy to persuade into accepting us in what they think is their land. They're stupid, it is ours now. May this be our next big succes? Will we be able to keep up with our expansion? Our dreams are big, but our intentions are bigger.
Choo Choo, here comes the Ethiopia Express :)
A week ago the first few shipments of trainstuff has arrived in the ports of Ethiopia. The engineers have already begun clearing out the route, finding the best routes, and three bridges small have already been built even. Current expectations for the end of the project lie in August of 1874.
An Empire for the Empire: South America and Germany
You did not construct "the largest [train station] in all of asia" in under a year. Further, the bridges that have been built can't be anything substantial, it can take years to build rail-way bridges. Revise your post to working on these things and then you'll be fine.
Further, please provide more explanation on how these extra provinces have been acquired. You can't just say "The SAC has managed to secure two more provinces..."
Iberia Nationalizes every single factory, railroad, and mine in Iberia hoping that the Government will make better steps in the Iberian Economy than the Private Sector. Iberia focuses on the Railroad sector currently and hopes to boost the transport Industry and delivery industry in hopes of better ventures. The Iberian government makes a Ministro de Industria y Comercio (Ministry of Industry and Trade) and assigns them the radical hope of expanding Iberia's railways in order to boost the Trade in Iberia, this project is called Project Row-Away and starts immediately.
The Swiss Confederation: One people, one language, one nation
Following the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, it became clear to the Swiss Federal Council that Switzerland had a major problem: There was no true identity that made the Swiss, well, Swiss. Seeking to solve this, a gradual process of homogenization began. Over the course of the past 60 years, this policy was gradually implemented. The first of these steps implemented was the designation of a nation language. It was decided that, being the only uniquely Swiss language, Romansch would be the choice. Over time more policies would be implemented. Schools would be taught only in Romansch, and following the people example of policies implemented elsewhere, the use of other languages would be heavily discouraged, and the use of Romansch would be rewarded in schools.
Initially this policy was used in the Italian portions of Switzerland, where it proved highly effective given the strong similarity between Romansch and Italian. While the southeast of Switzerland became homogenized easily, the rest of the nation would prove difficult. While already spoken as a second language by many in the German regions of Switzerland, a full conversion proved time consuming, as the languages were distant and the scale required was much greater.
To a lesser degree, similar issues occurred in the French-speaking regions of Switzerland, due to the same problems encountered in the German-speaking area.
As it stands now, the process has been considerably successful, with Switzerland being 65% Romansch, 20% German, and 15% French. While the wider impacts this may have are unclear, it has helped to establish a stronger Swiss identity, one with its own language, its own people, and its own nation.
(La Catalina) Argentina was a great companion of Brazil during the Triple Alliance War, leaving rivalry aside to fight with the Brazilian Empire against Paraguay. Now, President Sarmiento himself wants to lead a delegation to Brazil. This proposal pleased Emperor Dom Pedro II, who asked to receive Sarmiento and his delegation for negotiations. Dom Pedro II wishes to leave in the past the rivalry that has brought both Brazil and Argentina to unnecessary large expenditures of both money and human lives. It is time to strengthen relations and bring prosperity to both countries. The delegation will be received at the Imperial Palace in Rio de Janeiro, where the Emperor and a company of the Emperor's Infantry Regiment will be waiting to guard the Palace.
ADVANCES IN URBAN REFORM
A few months ago, Rio de Janeiro's urban reform projects were finalized and presented to the Emperor. They counted on the demolition of old town houses and the construction of new houses to house families, the widening of streets and avenues, the installation of gas streetlights, the creation of horse-drawn tram lines and mules on the avenues, the construction of parks between residential blocks and improved sanitation in the city. The works have already begun in the city. Unemployed people were hired to work in the public works and keep their jobs on time, ending in 1874.
ADVANCES IN INDUSTRIALIZATION
Construction of the industries is in full swing and nearly a dozen industries have already been opened for the production of textiles and clothing, soap, processed foods and beverages. All the machinery is being imported, which makes the process much more expensive, so the priority has been to build the steel mills, which will start iron production for a future national production of machines and tools. However, many entrepreneurs have shown their discontent with hiring children, women, and blacks to work for a substantially lower salary than a white male.
So I'm looking for at least Semi-active, casual role players that write posts of some decent quality to pick and claim some spots on this map I've been working on for a few weeks now. Now I'm looking for more interested role players.
The map itself has varied biomes. It's got plenty of land; two continents worth in fact plus islands. My RP tech level is modern with fantasy, but the fantasy is optional for anybody. I'm using maps from azagaar's map generator and you can claim territory as colonies if that's your preference. To make a claim, simply use any image editor and mark an area. Simply circling a general area will suffice.
The maps are here: viewtopic.php?f=5&t=475096
Gil lodihr and Chill beats LLC
The communard forces say hunkered behind their makeshift barricades. A sense of complacency had settled over the militia, 12 months of no action and constant siege had brought the garrisons to breaking point. Then slowly a high pitched whistling sound was heard, growing closer. Then another and another, until the first shells began to Land. The makeshift wooden barricades were no match for the 75mm 85mm and 90mm HE shells, and were shattered to pieces.
Then came the sound of marching feet and the cries of ‘Vive La Per’ as french grenadiers stormed over the demoralized and shattered communard militias. The sound of bayonets meeting flesh and steel was heard. The outer barricades of Paris were shattered relatively swiftly, however as the troops got further into the city the artillery's ability to support them diminished. One set of french troops rounded a corner to be met with a hail of rifle fire, these communard troops where in somewhat better shape. Then as the french infantry fell back the french cavalry charged forwards in the brief time period while the Militia reloaded their rifles. They vaunted the barricades and immediately where amid the communard militias, who lacking bayonets for their rifles where unable to effective answer the cavalry sharpened sabers.
On the main railway lines into Paris several improvised armored trains advanced, these constructs consisted of 4 flat beds 2 either side of the steam locomotive on which had been built sandbag emplacements and gun-pits. Heavily armed with 2 Mitrailleuse rapid firing guns, and 2 Reffye 85 mm cannon they steadily worked their way into Paris along the railway lines. Accompanying them was a infantry company who took cover behind the trains sandbags and repaired any damages to the track that would otherwise impend the trains progress. They blasted aside any barricades they saw as hey advanced towards the railway stations of Paris.
The advance had bogged down fanatical communard troops including the so called 'National Guard' where putting up stiff resistance despite being outnumbered 5 to 1, french troops struggled to break through some of the makeshift barricades and artillery had to brought up to fire directly into the barricades. Many buildings where burned rather than stormed by french troops.
The armored trains meanwhile had reached the main city railway terminals and now escorted trainloads of fresh troops directly into the center of Paris. The communards occasionally tried to stop them but paid for this in blood as the armored trains (and their attached infantry) shredded any attacking force easily.
Despite these successes more and more french soldiers and communard militia where beginning to litter the floor.
The troops advanced on the hotel de ville, the headquarters of the commune. By this point the communards had executed numerous members of the old regime, who had been held in Paris prisons including archbishop of Paris Georges Darboy. They then set fire to any buildings they could and began the flee, with the army advancing in from all sides they didn't get far.
By the dawn of the 4th day of battle the large scale fighting was all but over, sporadic resistance to suppress certain neighborhoods would last for 3 more days but as a whole the main fighting was over. The french army lost 879 killed, 7345 wounded and 200 missing. As for communard losses once the trials, executions and other unsightly matters had been concluded it was estimated that over 13,000 people died in the battle for Paris. 1000's more where imprisoned, transported or sent into exile.
Finally after 12 months the tri-colour flew once more over Paris.
Why do you talk about France being bad , but then declare war on Italy?
Also the Madagascar post is severely lacking. Madagascar wasn’t just a bunch of tribes. They had an army. For more information you could look up the Franco-Hova Wars.
Gil lodihr, Selviand, and Andassia
French Colonial Expansion
French firms have built railways in both north french Africa heading west and from french west Africa heading north. These lines being built through reasonable easy terrain in the north and with fort/settlements being built around the railway stations, provide the french government with the means of exerting control over these as yet untamed regions.
The methods by which the french secure the new areas is easy, the railway lines are constructed to link important towns and oasis. They provide links with the outside world which improve the live of the local populace. Then french troops arrive to provide 'security' and to 'subdue local bandits' then around key towns forts are built supplied by the newly built railway. Within a month of the railways completion every important settlement within a region is securely under french control. Of course their is resistance to this but with armed trains guarding the new rail heads as they are constructed and patrolling the new lines once they are finished construction and occupation can proceed mostly unhindered. Disease is however rife among construction crews with fresh men having to be brought in almost daily, the use of local manpower helps but does not alleviate the problem.
In northern Africa this results in the securing by the end of June 1 more region of territory for french colonial Africa. In west Africa difficulties where encountered with the Senegal river which slowed down construction but by the end of July 1 more region in west Africa had been secured.
The french government hopes that by the end of the 1880's that a trans-Saharan railway can be constructed. Hugging the easy coastal terrain wherever possible it could cut travel times to south america exponentially.
President Hugo Gonzalez holds a secret meeting with the Ministerio De Guerra, Ministerio de Industria, the Ministerio de Infraestructura, and the Ministerio de Asuntos Diplomáticos y de Relaciones Exteriores, Ministerio de militares and the Ministry of Military Production. The reason for this meeting was to establish a common goal for each one of the Ministries, establishing a presence in other countries in order to grow the Iberian Empire. Hugo says, These Ministries were made to grow the Iberian Empire in order to provide a great living space for the Iberian People and to make the country more centralized and a better democracy, but I see these have failed and Iberia is on a rapid decline which might continue into the 20th century, this is why I am merging some of these Ministries, the Ministry of War will be merged with the Ministry of Military and the Ministry of Military Production, and the Ministerio of Industry will be merged with the Ministerio de Infrastructure, the reason I am doing this is because these Ministries on their own are failing at rebuilding this country. President Hugo concludes this meeting, and hopefully the future of Iberia in the hands of him.
Ministerio de Infraestructura e Industria
President Hugo Gonzalez holds a public meeting with the leaders of the Ministerio de Infraestructura e Industria (Ministry of Infrastructure and Industry) to talk about the plans on industrializing. President Hugo says "We need to focus on our Railways in order to boost the transport sector and hopefully give a small boost to our economy. As I am told, railways need steel, iron, and wood. I need you to go and use this map that all of the loggers have (https://imgur.com/JNUtnbR) and go get iron from somewhere to make a steel mill, these may be vague instructions but I need to get this done quickly. This meeting is adjourned.
Political violence in Morocco
Political instability in Morocco has reached a boiling point in Morocco, as King Muhammad the Fourth was imprisoned by his own soldiers in his estate in the capital city of Rabat. The Marshall of the nation´s armed forces, following the sudden imprisonment of the absolute monarch, released a press statement and declared in a speech that the Moroccan military was acting upon the necessity of preventing the financial and social collapse of Morocco. The Marshall aswell as the High Command have issued commands for the military of the nation to be deployed in major cities of Morocco and have begun distributing arms to tribal militias that seemed to be loyal to their coupist cause.
The deployment of the military has been met with mixed opinion. The army has already fired upon Moroccan weavers in Rabat who threatened to attempt liberating the King from his arrest, all while chanting "Long live the King!" Similar situations have erupted nation-wide, but these loyalists are, to the luck of the military, unorganised, spontaneous demonstrators and rock-throwers. The intellectual clerical circles of Morocco are reserving their criticism and support, keen on seeing if the military will strenghten their position in society with special guarantees, as they see that the military has not made the usual, secular and revolutionary policy of also selling off mosque and religious treasures.
Although the sudden coup may have come in rather fast, it is explained by the growing tension in the nation that has come to begin ever since the early 19th century.
> Morocco´s financial state is disastrous: Failed attempts in modernizing the military in 1869 and 1870 are only a minor issue, the major issue being the costly import of refined, industrial goods and machine parts from industrialized states and the increasingly declining price for food and agricultural products, which are the main export of Morocco´s economy. The government is carrying a ever growing burden of debt on it´s shoulders, which has not been appropriately addressed by King Muhammad or his court.
> Morocco´s military morale is nigh non-existent. The Kingdom´s best fighters are poorly equipped, drilled and inspired, believing that they are not fighting for their nation, but rather for the interest of landowners, foreign merchantmen and a elitist monarchy. This issue has become so bad, that the usually monarchy-loyal officers have been replaced through the years by junior officers who endorse the ideas of enlightenment.
> Morocco´s technological level is backward: the sector of industry is still dominated by handcraft system based manufacture from the late medieval era, with the sole mechanized parts of the Kingdom being several major cities and the capital, of which each host atleast one mechanized system factory, primarily to produce clothing and on a minor scale, steel and cement.
The military authority has declared that they would be taking the following steps to assure the survival of Morocco:
#1. The monarchy will subject itself to change: The King will concede to having his power limited by a new legal framework and a strong constitution. This is to pave a way for a Morocco where the monarchy will still play a vital role, but where the proper power and the right to lead Morocco into prosperity will be taken by talented individuals, not those who inherit power.
#2. The property of King Muhammad the Fourth will be confiscated and all royal treasures are to be sold and auctioned for funds, of which all shall be used to alleviate the debt the nation has. The sole exception from confiscation shall be the King´s own personal family property in Fis, Rabat and Agadir.
#3. The property of corrupt officials assigned by the King and the royal court to administer the nation shall be wholesomely confiscated and sold for the sake of alleviating the national debt. Corrupt officials themselves shall be arrested and sentenced to five to ten years of harsh labour.
#4. The military shall champion the creation of a parliament, aswell as a system of proper governance and shall champion the establishment of a taxation system. All citizens of Morocco are expected to pay 7,5% of their income to the state following the end of the month. Local businesses shall have their products be free of taxation, but shall be taxed themselves for 3,5 to 5,5% of their profit. Foreign businesses will be subject to have 6 to 8% of their profit taxed.
#5. The widely hated and unpopular conscription edict, which has been part of military modernization, shall be abolished.
#6. A common law shall be issued out along with a strong constitution, that shall guarantee the rights of the Moroccan people and strenghten national unity in the face of desperate times.
#7. Moroccan Amazigh peoples shall no longer be subject to arabization and the Rif region shall be granted semi-autonomy and it´s own parliament and common law.
The military has expressed it´s intent to cooperate with civilian elements of society to form the nation´s first citizen government. Members of the elusive "Marrakesh Society" are rumored to soon be part of this new government. That would mean that the nation would have pro-Westerners in it´s government, as the Marrakesh Society openly advocates the long dead liberalism of 1836 and 1848, mixing it with the brand new ideas of socialism and natural rights that have come to emerge out of Europe.
Transfer of Capital ships to the imperial German Navy.
As agreed under the peace accords which ended the Franco-Prussian war, the French navy was to release 5 capital ships to the imperial German navy. The intervening years since the war have been spent refit and upgrading the ships to be transferred. This included dry-docking the vessels to attempt to return their hull forms to as built condition, a complete engine refit (replacing french machinery with German equipment) and the stripping out of the french guns to be replaced by German built equivalents. With these changes now being finalized the 5 ships set off for Wilhelmshaven under the french Tri-colour for the last time.
The 5 ships are the 3 Gloire class Broadside Ironclads Gloire, Invincible and Normandie accompanied by the 2 deck Broad side ironclads of the Magenta Class, Magenta and Solferino. The ships sailed through the north sea without incident and where met by a squadron of German ironclads to escort them safely into Wilhelmshaven. The ships docked up and the French Tri-colour was hauled down and the imperial German naval ensign hoisted. It is unknown if the German navy plans to rename the vessels and to what use they will be put but Germany now has a foot in the door of the naval arms race. An arms race which will continue to gather pace.
Edler Lukas von Ziegenhain, the Army General of Chile
When the Revolution of 1848 in the German States happened, Edler Hermann von Ziegenhein, Lukas' father, emigrated from the Rhineland-Palatinae to Chile bringing his 5-year-old son and family, worrying the conflict will elevate to a full-on revolution like the French had a few decades ago. The Edlers von Ziegenhein is a line of Catholic landless noble family residing in the now Prussian Rhineland which earned their nobility by military service during the Napoleonic War.
Lukas was groomed to become a successor to his father's title albeit it being mostly ceremonial in use. When he reached the age of 16, he was sent to study in the Preußische Kriegsakademie for 3 years and graduated top of his class and was even offered to fill vacancies in the General Staff — a remarkable winnowing from the many who had entered the competition. However, Lukas would choose to come back to Chile and serving the conservative party against the liberal party's revolt in 1859 and the Occupation of Araucania ( 1861 - Present ). His assistance to the conservatives would help them greatly in winning the civil war. He would rose through the ranks for his military knowledge and charismatic personality, reaching the rank of an army general at the age of 29 ( Especially due to his services in the Chilean revolution war of 1859, siding with the conservatives ).
He has advised to call for a military mission from Germany to help reform the Chilean army and also buying German equipment, especially the newly-produced Mauser Model 1871. The president soon agreed to his advice and called for a military mission, which calls for 32 cadets from the German Empire to fill in the Chilean army's officer ranks and purchased 40,000 Mauser 71 alongside 96 Krupp guns. As tension grew against Peru and Bolivia, both of the nations creating an alliance opposing Chile, the reform will surely be of great use.
Creation of the Ministerio de Supervisión Industrial y Expansión
President Manuel Morillo Toro has announced the creation of the Ministerio de Supervisión Industrial y Expansión (Ministry of Industrial Supervision and Expansion) to allocate funds for expansion of light and heavy industry within Gran Colombia. It will be launched with an initial fund of 15,000,000 Gold Pesos and begin projects within the year. With an estimated budget of 65,000,000 Gold Pesos per year, the Ministry is the third-largest by funding and personnel in the nation, with broad responsibilities over industrial regulation and expansion. In coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Interior, lands that belong to the State will be sold at under-market prices to Majority State-Owned Companies that will be funded through the Ministry's budget to construct industrial complexes. Local unemployed men aged 20-45 will be hired to work in these factories with the Low Per-Hour Wage (15 Pesos), at 11 hours per day. This will aid in reducing unemployment in the country, increase industrial production in day-to-day used goods and in creation of manufactured/processed goods to allow for larger exports and slow reduction of imports over the next 5 years.
|| Imperial Decree on Private Businesses ||
The Imperial Court has recognized the disparity between the foreign businesses present in the Empire and her own domestic enterprises, with such imbalances serving to funnel a sizeable portion of China's wealth overseas, instead of inwards for her own development. Action will be taken to address this grave situation, with the Regent, Li Hongzhang, decreeing that on 1st June, 1872, 1st Year of the Guangxu Era, the Imperial Ministry of Development will begin operations, and will be granted whatever funds required to maintain operations. The Ministry will be headed by handpicked officials trusted by Li Hongzhang from the court and elsewhere, who have also acquired a reputation of incorruptibility and competence. The purpose of such a Ministry will be to promote, dole out low-interest loans, and to support domestic Chinese businesses which have shown promise and competent handling, ranging from small-medium enterprises to large cross-provincial corparations. Furthermore, the Imperial Minsitry has already begun preparations for the establishment of the China Merchant's Steam Navigation Company, the Imperial Bank of China, and the Imperial Railway Company, in an effort to restore native dominance over the transportation and banking sectors. This, coupled with the support the Ministry will be providing to private businesses, would hopefully cause a surge in Chinese Businesses and the corresponding rise in competitiveness, so that they would be able to compete with European businesses in China on equal footing.
the 1872 Land Reform
Furthering Liberal Radical reforms by President Manuel Morillo Toro, the 1872 Land Reform is implemented. It will be a Land Reform to redistribute territories within the nation to increase agricultural production and further reduce poverty. It will encompass the following changes/laws:
1. The maximum Land Ownership Threshold is limited to 1,500 Acres, which is taxed at 15% (1% Tax per 100 Acres) of Value per year. Excess land owned by large estate owners will be bought by the State at under-market prices and sold for the same price to small land-owners or unlanded peasants.
2. All Agricultural products will be now taxed at a price of 10%, lowered from 14%. Tariffs for agricultural exports are also nullified, while they are increased to 25% of value for foreign agricultural products. All South American nations are excluded from this tariff increase. Fertilizers are also excluded from the tariff increase.
3. the Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) will be created, joining the Ministry of Development and Ministry of Agriculture together, unifying and increasing their budget to a grand 51,000,000 Gold Pesos per year. It will undergo projects of irrigation, development in rural communities and manage farmer subsidies, as well as regulate all agricultural trade imports/exports and their respective tax.
4. Farm Subsidies will be increased from 100 to 125 Pesos per Acre of Land, to allow farmers better access to quality fertilizers and tools to modernize their production methods. In addition, an Emergency Farm Subsidy of 300 Pesos per Acre of Land (as per Post-Reform size of Land Owned per Farmer/Landowner.
5. All taxes earned from the agricultural activity will be used to finance the Ministry's large budget. Farmers are encouraged to pay their taxes on time and in full in order to enjoy the subsidies they are entitled to, with those that comply receiving back 12,2% of their tax upon payment.
6. Partial cancellation of Farmer Debts (a sum of 65% of the debt) towards the Banco Nacional and the old Ministerio de Agricultura will be implemented. The rest of the debt will be entitled to forceful unnegotiated debt settlement, using the sum of Farm Subsidies paid to the farmer each month as a means to pay his own debt, and to counter that, a reduction that is fixed, disregarding the size of land owned, in said farmer's Land Tax to 7% for the duration of the "Forced Repayment" period.