by Max Barry

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Region: Texas

Queen Beruthiel wrote:Wishing you all a good Meow.

Greetings Queen Beruthiel! Thank you for visiting Texas and Live Long and Prosper. :)

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Good morning Ladies and Gentlemen of Texas!

Today is:
National Chocolate Day
National First Responders Day
National Immigrants Day

Quotes of the Day:
“Shoot for the moon and if you miss you will still be among the stars.”- Les Brown

“Always do your best. What you plant now, you will harvest later.”- Og Mandino

“The wisest men follow their own direction.”- Euripides

“Better to have, and not need, than to need, and not have.”- Franz Kafka

Music of the Day:

Cheshire Kitten (We're All Mad Here) By SJ Tucker
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ueZo5i6GPg

On This Day In History:
2009 NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.
2015 Longest ever 1st game of Baseball World Series (5 hours, 9 minutes); Kansas City Royals beat New York Mets, 5-4; also joint longest by innings (14)
2015 World Heath Organization ranks Tuberculosis alongside HIV as world's deadliest infectious diseases, killing 1.2 million (2014)

National First Responders Day

National First Responders Day on October 28 recognizes the heroic men and women who make it their business to take immediate action when disaster strikes. Not sure what a first responder does? Just think about 9/11 for a moment. Firefighters, police, paramedics, and more — rushing into Lower Manhattan. Whether you’ve had your own emergency or not, it’s not hard to understand and appreciate the dangerous and difficult work they do.

HISTORY OF NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY
Congress designated October 28th as National First Responders Day in 2017. The resolution honors the firefighters, police officers, EMTs, and all those who are first on the scene in stressful situations. Notably, the family of Sean Collier, a police officer ambushed and murdered during events related to the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, supported the resolution.

A 1966 federal study called Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society named accidental injuries as the “leading cause of death in the first half of life’s span.”
Further, the report showed that vehicle accidents during 1965 alone killed more Americans than were lost in the Korean War — and stated that seriously wounded citizens would fare better in a war zone than on the average city street. The report also identified a lack of regulation or standards for ambulance operations or provider training.

The authors made several recommendations for both managing and preventing accidental injuries, including the standardization of emergency training for “rescue squad personnel, policemen, firemen and ambulance attendants.” This standardization led to the first nationally recognized curriculum for EMTs (emergency medical technicians).

Professional training today can take anywhere from one to three years. Candidates learn life support techniques in first-response situations, including CPR, tourniquet application, and treatment of wounds. Paramedics deliver more advanced procedures and therefore require more extensive education and training.

NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY TIMELINE
September 27, 2017

Colorado made it official
The state approved a bill honoring every first responder.

May 18, 2017
Congress took action

Senators Elizabeth Warren and Tom Cotton, along with Representatives Mark Meadows, Michael Capuano and Elijah Cummings introduced a resolution to establish National First Responders Day.

2013
Boston Strong

Andrew Collier, brother of Sean Collier, an officer killed during the Boston Marathon bombing, helped establish a day of recognition.

1979
ACLS takes shape

Advanced cardiac life support training provides a crucial new tool to treat patients experiencing a heart attack or some other form of cardiac arrest. Still, it’s not required for paramedic training and certification until the mid 1980s.

1972
Emergency! On TV.

The popular TV series shows paramedics providing care in a manner that most Americans had never seen. Although purely fictional, Emergency! sets new expectations for the job and encourages many Americans to pursue careers in EMS.

1970s
EMT training takes shape

Health experts begin to theorize that more could be done in out-of-hospital settings, including advanced airway management, vascular access and medication administration. This leads to the creation and implementation of the emergency medical technician–paramedic (EMT-P) curriculum.

1980
Formal curriculums in college

UCLA and Eastern Kentucky University are the first to invite national accreditors to review their EMT programs.

NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY FAQS
How much does a first responder make?

Glassdoor reports that an average EMT/Paramedic stands to make around $40,000 per year. But the U.S. Labor Department lists the 2018 median salary at just $34,320. This can vary widely by state and job description.

How do you thank a first responder?
Showing emotional, sincere gratitude is probably the best way — but baked goods generally work too — especially at the firehouse.

Are flight attendants first responders?
Good question. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has designated flight attendants as “first responders,” which means they’re certified to provide pre-hospital care in a medical emergency.

HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY
Say thanks

Whether it's getting your family to write personalized thank you cards or baking some cookies for local firefighters, there are many ways to share your gratitude.

Raise money
Research how to help finance equipment and resources for first responders. Help those who dare to risk it all.

Volunteer
Maybe you're looking to donate your own time and support. Don't feel the need to be a hero — just help when you can. Take a CPR course if possible.

FIRST RESPONDERS BY THE NUMBERS
The ultimate sacrifice

One hundred firefighters die in the line of duty each year.

"9-1-1. What's your emergency?"
An estimated 240 million 9-1-1 calls are made in the U.S. per year.

Gone in less than 30 seconds
A fire department responds to a fire every 24 seconds.

EMS to the rescue
Emergency Medical Services takes care of 22 million patients a year.

WHY NATIONAL FIRST RESPONDERS DAY IS IMPORTANT
It reminds us of their sacrifice

First responders face high risks virtually every time they step out onto the front lines. It's quite likely America's most dangerous career.

It's a day for them to bask in their heroism
First responders put other lives ahead of their own. On this day they get to share joy with teammates and take a moment to feel appreciated.

It's the least we can do
There's not much we can do to pay back these men and women who risk it all for us — nor do they expect it. Still, honoring them on this day is an important gesture.

https://nationaltoday.com/national-first-responders-day/

National Immigrants Day

The United States of America is known as the world’s melting pot, and every year on October 28 National Immigrants Day gives us a reason to reflect on just how unique that distinction is among the world’s 195 sovereign nations. As Americans, we are proud of our long history of welcoming immigrants from all parts of the world and value their contributions that add zest to our nation’s blend of cultures, customs, and traditions.

HISTORY OF NATIONAL IMMIGRANTS DAY
America is the world’s great experiment in freedom and individual rights, and unlike any other nation on our planet, it was founded and built entirely by immigrants. Americans are citizens either by birth or by choice, abiding under a common flag and constitution, united by its legacy as a land of freedom and opportunity.

It is easy to forget that as a nation of immigrants, we are the sum of every idea and dream that ever stepped ashore with an immigrant seeking new opportunities in the United States. Most of those ideas and dreams passed through Ellis Island, America’s first federal immigration center.

Before 1890, the 42 individual states then comprising the United States of America regulated the flow of immigration into the United States. Europeans began fleeing political instability, restrictive religious laws, and deteriorating economic conditions in record numbers, leading to massive numbers of immigrants arriving on American shores by 1890. To ease the burden on individual states the federal government took over responsibility for processing immigrant arrivals.

Ellis Island in New York Harbor opened in 1892 as an immigrant station, becoming the primary port of entry for most immigration into the U.S. after 1890. Immigrants also entered the U.S. through other port cities, including Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, San Francisco, Savannah, Miami, and New Orleans. Ellis Island was the busiest because New York was the preferred port of entry for most ships arriving in America.

From opening day on January 1, 1890, until the day Ellis Island closed in November 1954, over 12 million immigrants passed through the Ellis Island immigration station, along with hopes and dreams of a better life for themselves and their families. Most of those Ellis Island immigrants shared a common dream: of becoming an American citizen. In return for pledging allegiance and loyalty to the United States and its Constitution, immigrants who chose to become naturalized citizens were rewarded with all the rights and privileges afforded U.S. citizens, and the freedom to pursue “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”

As we celebrate National Immigrants Day, we also celebrate the determination, ingenuity, and spirit immigrants continue to add to our melting pot of cultures we call America.

NATIONAL IMMIGRANTS DAY TIMELINE
1987
First National Immigrants Day

The U.S. Congress formally recognizes the first National Immigrants Day on October 28

1954
Ellis Island closes

A Norwegian merchant seaman named Arne Peterssen is released and Ellis Island officially closes as an immigration station.

1907
A record year for immigration

1.25 million immigrants are processed this year at Ellis Island, a record number that holds for 80 years.

1890
Ellis Island designated immigration station

President Benjamin Harrison designates Ellis Island to be the nation’s first federal immigration station.

NATIONAL IMMIGRANTS DAY FAQS
How did immigration affect America in the 20th century?

The mass immigration into America during the late 1800s and early twentieth century helped to meet the needs of America’s expanding local economies of that time. Low-skilled immigrants provided labor for industrialization while higher-skilled and educated immigrants contributed to innovations in agriculture, manufacturing, and science.

What was the first immigration law?
The Immigration Act of 1882 was the first federal immigration law in America, passed on August 3, 1882, by the Forty-seventh United States Congress and signed into law by President Chester A. Arthur. The act restricted certain classes of people from immigrating into America, including criminals, the insane, or “any person unable to take care of him or herself.” The act also levied a head tax on non-U.S. citizens arriving in American ports.

Where did most immigrants come from in the 1900s?
The majority of immigrants arriving in the U.S. after 1900 were from non-English speaking southern and eastern European countries. Large numbers of new arrivals were from Italy, Poland, and Russia, bringing with them diverse cultures, religious practices, and languages.

How did immigrants shape America?
Immigrants traditionally have arrived in America with big dreams, innovative ideas, and an entrepreneurial spirit. Immigrants have been an economic advantage to the United States in the world economy, providing business contacts and trade opportunities that have enhanced American profitability in the global marketplace.

HOW TO OBSERVE NATIONAL IMMIGRANTS DAY
Research your family’s path to your citizenship

If you are a natural-born U.S. citizen, your ancestors paved the way for your own U.S. citizenship status that began the day you were born. Today is a good day to begin researching your family’s immigration path to the United States. Online ancestry websites make tracing your family origins relatively easy, with most sites offering free trial memberships to help you get started.

Visit the Ellis Island Immigration Museum
Ellis Island served as the primary point of entry for immigration for more than 60 years. The immigration station has long been closed but remains a fascinating historical site and national monument in New York Harbor worthy of a visit. If your ancestors immigrated to America through Ellis Island, this time capsule should be on your bucket list of places to visit.

Take the U.S. Citizenship practice test
Do you think you know enough about U.S. history, the Constitution, the U.S. government structure, and laws to pass the naturalization citizenship test? Test your knowledge by taking one or more practice tests online at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services website.

FIVE RESPONSIBILITIES OF U.S. CITIZENSHIP
Support and defend the U.S. Constitution

Whether natural-born or naturalized, every citizen of the United States has an obligation and duty to defend our country and the U.S. Constitution if the need should ever arise.

Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws
The United States is a nation of laws that collectively protect each citizen’s freedom and personal rights as defined by the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Respecting the laws of our land in turn respects the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others.

Participate in the democratic process
In case you are not sure, this includes exercising your right, and great privilege, to vote in all local, state, and federal elections.

Pay income and other taxes
U.S. Citizens have a responsibility to not only pay income and other taxes assessed by federal, state, and local authorities, we are obligated to file and pay them honestly and on time.

Serve on a jury when called upon
The privilege to serve on a jury should never be taken lightly or for granted, or avoided.

WHY NATIONAL IMMIGRANTS DAY IS IMPORTANT
Helps us focus on diversity as a strength

Although America is a blend of diverse cultures, we have more in common that unites us than can ever divide us. The eagerness to adapt and assimilate – to become Americans – by early immigrants left an indelible imprint on the America they helped to shape. National Immigrants Day reminds us that immigrants still make significant contributions that shape our future.

Appreciate immigrant ingenuity
ATM banking machines, YouTube, the Terminator, News Corporation, Levi Strauss, Liz Claiborne. These American brands and inventions came to us by way of immigrants who made their way to America where they seized the opportunity to bring new ideas to the market. Their contributions to America’s strength in the global economy are good reasons to have a day devoted to the ingenuity of America’s diverse immigrant community.

Reminds us that America is unique
It can be easy to overlook how unique the United States of America is among nations. National Immigrant Day gives us a reason to stop and reflect on the millions of humble new beginnings that have taken place among our nation of immigrants.

https://nationaltoday.com/national-immigrants-day/

Voting 2020 live updates: Will Californians, Coloradoans fleeing wildfires gain extension? Judge tosses out Michigan ban on guns at polls
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/10/28/voting-2020-california-colorado-wildfires-create-problems/3750685001/

National Guard mobilizes as second night of Philadelphia protests over Walter Wallace killing turn violent
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/10/28/walter-wallace-protests-national-guard-philadelphia/3760103001/

Election 2020 live updates: Trump, Harris campaign in Arizona; Obama knocks Trump on COVID response
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/10/28/election-2020-live-updates-trump-harris-visit-arizona/6007554002/

Hurricane Zeta speeds toward a storm-weary Louisiana; landfall expected Wednesday afternoon
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/10/28/hurricane-zeta-landfall-track-louisiana-update/3746429001/

Free food alert: Get a taco at Taco Bell on Wednesday for World Series stolen base and Wendy's chicken sandwich
https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/food/2020/10/28/free-taco-bell-world-series-freebie-wendys-classic-chicken-sandwich/3758020001/

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Issues Test Bed wrote:Fort Verden, of course.

Alright. Enjoy your prize Buddy! :)
Fort Verden Card gifted to The Oppressed Peoples of Issues Test Bed for 0.05.

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Have an absolutely fantastic, healthy and safe day everyone!

Your Buddy Verner

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