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«12. . .23,46423,46523,46623,46723,46823,46923,470. . .23,54823,549»

Nhoor wrote:For a moment I read "power plant" and had a vision of a really muscular herb.

I used to have the same image every time I saw a "Heavy Plant Crossing" sign.

I am 2 days from the beginning of my final exams and I'm just now learning when and where they are, I have a feeling I probably should have figured this stuff out earlier

Alteran Republics wrote:Nuclear power, you say?
Altera would like to get on that.




Nuclear Energy Sector
Information of the History, Production and Use of Alteran Nuclear Energy

In response to the 1973 regional oil crisis, Altera and its Commonwealth began to look for alternative
and more secure sources of energy. With similar price instability projected for oil and gas supplies, the decision was made for
the nation to invest heavily in nuclear energy. As a consequence, Altera has become a regional power in research, manufacture
and production of nuclear sourced energy; despite being reasonably late to adopt nuclear energy.

Nuclear Energy; Who's in Charge?

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    In the Alteran Republics and, with certain limitations, the former Alteran Commonwealth, there are two agencies that oversee the nuclear energy sector: the Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) and the Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.).

    Each of these agencies have different roles, authoritative positions and responsibilities for nuclear energy within the Alteran Republics:

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) is responsible for the planning, administration and regulation of nuclear energy. A.N.E.A. are funded, administrated and organised by the Reiltys Council and the Rheynn for Energy and Resources

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.) is a non-governmental body that is responsible for the design, maintenance and construction for nuclear sites. A.N.E.C. members consist of companies, independent watchdogs and other N.G.O.s

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 1)


Photo of the Scherwode 1 plant near
Sharpesham, Stockford (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1983 - 2016

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1400 - 1800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$9 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor was determined to be the 'Next Generation' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 3rd Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Whilst popular at the time, the first generation EPRs were found to be expensive to use and maintain - when compared to more modern systems. Altera operates several of these plants, though they are predominately in the process of decommissioning or not having a life-extension scheme.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Scherwode 1, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1983, Decommissioned 2009

    Dunwich Site Alpha, 1600 MWe
    Dunwich, Aeckland, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1985, Decommissioned 2014

    Scherwode 2, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1987, Decommissioned 2020

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 2)


Photo of the Thornhelm A plant near
Thornhelm, Alnwick (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2018 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1000 - 1500 MWe

Unit Cost

~$7 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor (Generation Two) was determined to be the 'Next Evolutionary Step' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 4th Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Second generation EPRs were designed to be far more efficient - both economically and energy - when compared to the previous generation. Altera operates several of these plants, which are expected to be in service into the 2030s.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Thornhelm A, 1500 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2018

    Thornhelm B, 1200 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett A, 1500 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett B, 1000 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2021

    Pirello Point, 1000 MWe
    Pirello Point, Lafayette, North oscotia
    Commissioned 2021

Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor


Photo of the Skyvark plant near
Skyvark, Balwark (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1981 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

450 - 800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$5 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor (AGR) is a type of nuclear reactor designed and operated in the Alteran Republics. These are the second generation of Alteran gas-cooled reactors, using graphite as the neutron moderator and carbon dioxide as coolant.

    Since their introduction, they have been the backbone of the AR's nuclear power generation fleet since the 1980s, and have sold and constructed around the region.

    The first generation AGR was developed primarily with the requirement to run on natural uranium, which required a coolant with a low neutron cross section, in this case carbon dioxide, and an efficient neutron moderator, graphite. This first design ran relatively cool gas temperatures compared to other power-producing designs, which resulted in less efficient steam conditions.

    Second generation AGR designs retained the graphite moderator and carbon dioxide coolant but increased the cooling gas operating temperature in order to improve steam conditions. These were made identical to those of a coal fired plant, allowing the same design of turbines and generation equipment to be used.

    The various AGR stations produce outputs in the range 450 MWe to 800 MWe though some run at lower than design output due to operational restrictions.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Rowlands Small Modular Reactor


Photo of the Hawdmore A plant near
Hawdmore, Fernyard (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2021 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

150 - 400 MWe

Unit Cost

~$2 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional nuclear reactors and typically have an electrical power output of less than 300 MWe or a thermal power output of less than 1000 MWth.

    They are designed to be manufactured at a plant and transported to a site to be installed. Modular reactors will reduce on-site construction and increase containment efficiency and are claimed to enhance safety.

    The greater safety should come via the use of passive safety features that operate without human intervention, a concept already implemented in some conventional nuclear reactor types. SMRs also reduce staffing versus conventional nuclear reactors.

    SMRs are claimed to cross financial and safety barriers that inhibit the construction of conventional reactors.

    The term SMR refers to the size, capacity and modular construction only, not to the reactor type and the nuclear process which is applied. Designs range from scaled down versions of existing designs to generation IV designs. Both thermal-neutron reactors and fast-neutron reactors have been proposed, along with molten salt and gas cooled reactor models.

    The Small Modular Reactor (SMR) programme is hailed as the future of Alteran Nuclear Energy, being spearheaded by a combined investment of technology from both the governments Nuclear Energy Consortium and Rowlands.

    The project, being led by Rowlands, is planning on decentralising nuclear infrastructure, by creating sites that will have a smaller financial, logistical and environmental footprint than compared to larger sites.

Current Reactors


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Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



Read dispatch

Iíd be interested in collaboration with our nuclear energy sectors.

Alteran Republics wrote:Nuclear power, you say?
Altera would like to get on that.




Nuclear Energy Sector
Information of the History, Production and Use of Alteran Nuclear Energy

In response to the 1973 regional oil crisis, Altera and its Commonwealth began to look for alternative
and more secure sources of energy. With similar price instability projected for oil and gas supplies, the decision was made for
the nation to invest heavily in nuclear energy. As a consequence, Altera has become a regional power in research, manufacture
and production of nuclear sourced energy; despite being reasonably late to adopt nuclear energy.

Nuclear Energy; Who's in Charge?

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    In the Alteran Republics and, with certain limitations, the former Alteran Commonwealth, there are two agencies that oversee the nuclear energy sector: the Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) and the Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.).

    Each of these agencies have different roles, authoritative positions and responsibilities for nuclear energy within the Alteran Republics:

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) is responsible for the planning, administration and regulation of nuclear energy. A.N.E.A. are funded, administrated and organised by the Reiltys Council and the Rheynn for Energy and Resources

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.) is a non-governmental body that is responsible for the design, maintenance and construction for nuclear sites. A.N.E.C. members consist of companies, independent watchdogs and other N.G.O.s

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 1)


Photo of the Scherwode 1 plant near
Sharpesham, Stockford (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1983 - 2016

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1400 - 1800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$9 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor was determined to be the 'Next Generation' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 3rd Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Whilst popular at the time, the first generation EPRs were found to be expensive to use and maintain - when compared to more modern systems. Altera operates several of these plants, though they are predominately in the process of decommissioning or not having a life-extension scheme.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Scherwode 1, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1983, Decommissioned 2009

    Dunwich Site Alpha, 1600 MWe
    Dunwich, Aeckland, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1985, Decommissioned 2014

    Scherwode 2, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1987, Decommissioned 2020

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 2)


Photo of the Thornhelm A plant near
Thornhelm, Alnwick (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2018 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1000 - 1500 MWe

Unit Cost

~$7 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor (Generation Two) was determined to be the 'Next Evolutionary Step' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 4th Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Second generation EPRs were designed to be far more efficient - both economically and energy - when compared to the previous generation. Altera operates several of these plants, which are expected to be in service into the 2030s.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Thornhelm A, 1500 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2018

    Thornhelm B, 1200 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett A, 1500 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett B, 1000 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2021

    Pirello Point, 1000 MWe
    Pirello Point, Lafayette, North oscotia
    Commissioned 2021

Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor


Photo of the Skyvark plant near
Skyvark, Balwark (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1981 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

450 - 800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$5 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor (AGR) is a type of nuclear reactor designed and operated in the Alteran Republics. These are the second generation of Alteran gas-cooled reactors, using graphite as the neutron moderator and carbon dioxide as coolant.

    Since their introduction, they have been the backbone of the AR's nuclear power generation fleet since the 1980s, and have sold and constructed around the region.

    The first generation AGR was developed primarily with the requirement to run on natural uranium, which required a coolant with a low neutron cross section, in this case carbon dioxide, and an efficient neutron moderator, graphite. This first design ran relatively cool gas temperatures compared to other power-producing designs, which resulted in less efficient steam conditions.

    Second generation AGR designs retained the graphite moderator and carbon dioxide coolant but increased the cooling gas operating temperature in order to improve steam conditions. These were made identical to those of a coal fired plant, allowing the same design of turbines and generation equipment to be used.

    The various AGR stations produce outputs in the range 450 MWe to 800 MWe though some run at lower than design output due to operational restrictions.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Rowlands Small Modular Reactor


Photo of the Hawdmore A plant near
Hawdmore, Fernyard (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2021 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

150 - 400 MWe

Unit Cost

~$2 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional nuclear reactors and typically have an electrical power output of less than 300 MWe or a thermal power output of less than 1000 MWth.

    They are designed to be manufactured at a plant and transported to a site to be installed. Modular reactors will reduce on-site construction and increase containment efficiency and are claimed to enhance safety.

    The greater safety should come via the use of passive safety features that operate without human intervention, a concept already implemented in some conventional nuclear reactor types. SMRs also reduce staffing versus conventional nuclear reactors.

    SMRs are claimed to cross financial and safety barriers that inhibit the construction of conventional reactors.

    The term SMR refers to the size, capacity and modular construction only, not to the reactor type and the nuclear process which is applied. Designs range from scaled down versions of existing designs to generation IV designs. Both thermal-neutron reactors and fast-neutron reactors have been proposed, along with molten salt and gas cooled reactor models.

    The Small Modular Reactor (SMR) programme is hailed as the future of Alteran Nuclear Energy, being spearheaded by a combined investment of technology from both the governments Nuclear Energy Consortium and Rowlands.

    The project, being led by Rowlands, is planning on decentralising nuclear infrastructure, by creating sites that will have a smaller financial, logistical and environmental footprint than compared to larger sites.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



Read dispatch

Havalland wrote:Iíd be interested in collaboration with our nuclear energy sectors.

Aeteros' nuclear tech is in its infancy but I would be interested in participating myself though it would probably be as more of a recipient instead of an equal participant

Alteran Republics wrote:Nuclear power, you say?
Altera would like to get on that.




Nuclear Energy Sector
Information of the History, Production and Use of Alteran Nuclear Energy

In response to the 1973 regional oil crisis, Altera and its Commonwealth began to look for alternative
and more secure sources of energy. With similar price instability projected for oil and gas supplies, the decision was made for
the nation to invest heavily in nuclear energy. As a consequence, Altera has become a regional power in research, manufacture
and production of nuclear sourced energy; despite being reasonably late to adopt nuclear energy.

Nuclear Energy; Who's in Charge?

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    In the Alteran Republics and, with certain limitations, the former Alteran Commonwealth, there are two agencies that oversee the nuclear energy sector: the Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) and the Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.).

    Each of these agencies have different roles, authoritative positions and responsibilities for nuclear energy within the Alteran Republics:

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Authority (A.N.E.A.) is responsible for the planning, administration and regulation of nuclear energy. A.N.E.A. are funded, administrated and organised by the Reiltys Council and the Rheynn for Energy and Resources

  • The Alteran Nuclear Energy Consortium (A.N.E.C.) is a non-governmental body that is responsible for the design, maintenance and construction for nuclear sites. A.N.E.C. members consist of companies, independent watchdogs and other N.G.O.s

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 1)


Photo of the Scherwode 1 plant near
Sharpesham, Stockford (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1983 - 2016

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1400 - 1800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$9 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor was determined to be the 'Next Generation' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 3rd Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Whilst popular at the time, the first generation EPRs were found to be expensive to use and maintain - when compared to more modern systems. Altera operates several of these plants, though they are predominately in the process of decommissioning or not having a life-extension scheme.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Scherwode 1, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1983, Decommissioned 2009

    Dunwich Site Alpha, 1600 MWe
    Dunwich, Aeckland, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1985, Decommissioned 2014

    Scherwode 2, 1450 MWe
    Sharpesham, Stockford, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 1987, Decommissioned 2020

Evolutionary Power Reactor (Gen. 2)


Photo of the Thornhelm A plant near
Thornhelm, Alnwick (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2018 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

1000 - 1500 MWe

Unit Cost

~$7 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Pressurized water reactors are the most common reactor in use today, according to the Alteran Atomic Energy Consortium. The Evolutionary Power Reactor (Generation Two) was determined to be the 'Next Evolutionary Step' of Pressurized Water Reactors, and are in fact the 4th Generation of such reactors.

    Pressurized reactors, likes most reactors across the region, contain enriched uranium fuel sources that are used to heat highly pressurized water that generates steam; which uses this steam is used to turn a turbine that generates electricity collected and used in the power grid.

    Pressurized water reactors also use water as a cooling device. Secondary cooling measures to prevent overheating (meltdown) include adding boron to the system.

    Second generation EPRs were designed to be far more efficient - both economically and energy - when compared to the previous generation. Altera operates several of these plants, which are expected to be in service into the 2030s.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Thornhelm A, 1500 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2018

    Thornhelm B, 1200 MWe
    Thornhelm, Alnwick, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett A, 1500 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2020

    Nunlett B, 1000 MWe
    Nunlett-Ypon-Sea, Carneath, Alteran Republics
    Commissioned 2021

    Pirello Point, 1000 MWe
    Pirello Point, Lafayette, North oscotia
    Commissioned 2021

Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor


Photo of the Skyvark plant near
Skyvark, Balwark (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

1981 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

450 - 800 MWe

Unit Cost

~$5 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor (AGR) is a type of nuclear reactor designed and operated in the Alteran Republics. These are the second generation of Alteran gas-cooled reactors, using graphite as the neutron moderator and carbon dioxide as coolant.

    Since their introduction, they have been the backbone of the AR's nuclear power generation fleet since the 1980s, and have sold and constructed around the region.

    The first generation AGR was developed primarily with the requirement to run on natural uranium, which required a coolant with a low neutron cross section, in this case carbon dioxide, and an efficient neutron moderator, graphite. This first design ran relatively cool gas temperatures compared to other power-producing designs, which resulted in less efficient steam conditions.

    Second generation AGR designs retained the graphite moderator and carbon dioxide coolant but increased the cooling gas operating temperature in order to improve steam conditions. These were made identical to those of a coal fired plant, allowing the same design of turbines and generation equipment to be used.

    The various AGR stations produce outputs in the range 450 MWe to 800 MWe though some run at lower than design output due to operational restrictions.

Current Reactors


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Rowlands Small Modular Reactor


Photo of the Hawdmore A plant near
Hawdmore, Fernyard (Altera)

Country of Origin

Alteran Republics

Produced

2021 -

Fuel

Enriched UO^2

Output

150 - 400 MWe

Unit Cost

~$2 Billion

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional nuclear reactors and typically have an electrical power output of less than 300 MWe or a thermal power output of less than 1000 MWth.

    They are designed to be manufactured at a plant and transported to a site to be installed. Modular reactors will reduce on-site construction and increase containment efficiency and are claimed to enhance safety.

    The greater safety should come via the use of passive safety features that operate without human intervention, a concept already implemented in some conventional nuclear reactor types. SMRs also reduce staffing versus conventional nuclear reactors.

    SMRs are claimed to cross financial and safety barriers that inhibit the construction of conventional reactors.

    The term SMR refers to the size, capacity and modular construction only, not to the reactor type and the nuclear process which is applied. Designs range from scaled down versions of existing designs to generation IV designs. Both thermal-neutron reactors and fast-neutron reactors have been proposed, along with molten salt and gas cooled reactor models.

    The Small Modular Reactor (SMR) programme is hailed as the future of Alteran Nuclear Energy, being spearheaded by a combined investment of technology from both the governments Nuclear Energy Consortium and Rowlands.

    The project, being led by Rowlands, is planning on decentralising nuclear infrastructure, by creating sites that will have a smaller financial, logistical and environmental footprint than compared to larger sites.

Current Reactors


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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
-
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-
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Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



Read dispatch

oh right, i need to finish a thing on Doman nuclear power so our nuclear companies can collaborate more

Nordlaneke

Alteran Republics wrote:Chad Alteran oregano Vs Virgin Nhoor chive

vs Sigma Lanekean Grass

Hello guys. I just finished a factbook on some general traits and policies of Laeden. Check it out, if you want:

National Policies and Traits
The following are the general policies and traits that can be used to define the Republic of Laeden. This is a non-exhaustive list that provides some of the major elements of the government and the people of Laeden.
Government | Society | Law & Order | Economy | International

Government

Parliamentary Sovereignty

The nation is organized in a Republican fashion, with the national parliament, the Senate of Laeden, being the most important government entity, responsible not only for passing legislation, but also for selecting the head of the Executive, the Consul, and the Supreme Court's Justices. The Parliamentary system allows the National Government to have a higher degree of adaptability, making it possible to rapidly pass new laws if the situation demands it, while also permitting longer governments, since the Consul is allowed to remain in his office for as long as he can secure his political position, unlike presidents, who have fixed terms. This, combined with the relatively large terms of the Senators, who stay in office for eight years with one reelection allowed, gives the nation the necessary stability to draw long term plans and strategies, ruling with the necessary foresight and prudence that would be jeopardized by shorter terms, which, in the Laedenian point of view, are incentives to populist practices in order to secure reelections.

Devolution

The National Government delegates administrative and legislative powers to subnational entities, allowing them to manage affairs of local interest. Devolution, however, cannot be interpreted as a mere distribution of power. Proper coordination and synchrony is a must that comes along with the package, requiring officials and authorities from both the national and the subnational spheres of government to be able not only to coexist, but to collaborate efficiently. The combined effort of national and local governments, however, come with the benefits of allowing each sphere of power to specialize in specific tasks, instead of simply dumping responsibilities to the national government. With devolution, the central government is allowed to focus on nation wide policymaking and administration, while leaving more local problems to the respective regional government. Besides, it is an addition to the system of checks and balances, preventing the concentration of too much power in the hands of the central government's bureaucrats.

Civilian Leadership

The Laedenian government, as a whole, has a firm culture of limitating the interference of the military leadership in civilian matters, and keep the Armed Forces under strict civilian oversight, and also emphasizes the importance of having a well structured civil society and having civilians occupying the higher ranks and offices of the Republic. Civilism reflects the importance that the Laedenian society puts in matters such as economic and social development, as well as stable politics and the rule of law, which would be jeopardized if a "might makes right" philosophy were employed and if the military were allowed to rule. Shunning any ambitions of neoimperialism and expansionism, the Laedenian people prefers to focus on matters that directly affect their day to day life, which is why civilians are regarded as the fittest to conduct the political affairs of the nation.

Strenght of the Institutions

Laedenian institutions, both from the government and the civil society, are robust and well established. Institutionalism is an important factor in Laedenian politics, since those institutions, who often have conflicting interests and worldviews, compete for power and influence within the Laedenian political world. While this can foment excessive corporativism within certain classes or organizations, such as the Judiciary, which is notorious for it, it also serves as a very powerful instrument to keep the powers in check and preventing some organizations from overtaking the government.


Society

Eudaimonia

The concept of "Eudaimonia" can roughly be described as a Laedenian version of the idea of pursuit of happiness. The ramifications of this core concept, however, are quite broad. It is often interpreted as an attempt to achieve self improvement by means of living virtuously and by encouraging artistic and philosophic endeavors, but it's also apropriated by the Church, who links it with the idea of living a blessed life by means of following the Scripture and exercising the Christian faith. While such interpretations are valid and have their fair share of followers, the word nowadays is usually employed by youngsters to define a lifestyle that values pleasure, fun and entertainment. This type of hedonistic way of living, which is frowned upon only formally by the older generations, is a striking difference that sets Laedenians apart from other industrious and ambitious nations. Eudaimonia, however, cannot be described as an excuse to live a vain or malicious lifestyle. Rather, it is the concept of self growth and development by life experiences.

National Aspiration

Aspirationism is a broad word that encompasses several key concepts of the Laedenian cultural mindset, such as the general feeling of nostalgia of an idealized version of the past, which, paradoxically, coexists with a romantic and hopeful idea of an idealized future. The Laedenians are often told that their minds are elsewhere, either thinking of things that happened or things that will happen, lost in daydreamings and exercises of imagination. The word also connects to "desiderie", a concept typical of the Laedenian way of thinking, that can be hard to translate. In general, it describes a strong desire for a idealized, perfected and utopic version of all things. Often compared with the Painting World element of the Laedenian Folklore, as well as Plato's Cave Allegory, desiderie suggests that everything is imperfect or tainted in one way or another, and the true feelings of joy and happiness that humans feel so fleetingly are mere glimpses of a perpetual state of bliss that could be experienced by living in this utopic version of the world, which can be accessed just by a mental and imaginative effort. This constant mental exercise is often regarded as a source of Laeden's significant artistic creativity, and it's prized by Laedenians, who often explore it in songs and other works of art, regarding it as one of the quintessential elements of nationhood, since it's crucial to explain how the Laedenians have their own particular view of the world and of their place in it.

Solidarity

An important aspect of the Laedenian society is the emphasis put on collectivism. Laedenians encourage a sense of belonging to groups, institutions, places, cultures or traditions, and the individual is often defined by what he chooses to belong to. This leads to a complex network of loyalties, relationships and identifications that define how social relations in Laeden work, and also explains why some institutions of the civil society can be so powerful and influential within the nation. Navigating in such a network is no easy task. It is, however, crucial within the Laedenian society, who is very much aware of the problems represented by conflicting loyalties and allegiances. On the other hand, the benefits of such an arrangement are the meaningful connections that people are capable of making with likeminded colleagues and friends, creating a general feeling of comraderie and oneness.

Compulsory Civic Service

A recent policy, the Compulsory Civic Service is a mandatory duty for the Laedenian youth, who are required to work in public organizations for a period of time while receiving payment. It is a pacifist alternative to conscription and its goal is to improve the civil service, while also allowing youngsters to have an occupation and, at the same time, to contribute positively with their community and learn important social and professional skills. Ultimately, the Civic Service tries to promote a sense of civic pride and belonging, while also improving the quality of the Laedenian workforce and encouraging inclusiveness and group work.


Law & Order

Life Sentences

While Laeden does not adopt the capital punishment, life sentences are possible within its legal system. Such sanctions are regarded as advantageous, for they allow the State to have rigorous punishments, while also giving it the flexibility to correct itself in case of judicial mistakes. Such punishments are, naturally, exceedingly rare and reserved only for the most severe cases, and a life sentence necessarily needs to be endorsed by the Supreme Court before it can come to effect.

Usage of Genetic Material

The Laedenian government allows the forceful extraction of the genetic material of convicts in order to have a DNA database to facilitate investigations. While such measure has been criticized as a flexibilization of the right to body integrity, its benefits include the vast improvement of investigative efficiency, allowing the law enforcement to quickly identify the perpetrators of crime by testing organic evidence, such as hair strands or blood, and comparing it to the DNAs that are stored in the government's archives.

Questioning

One of the most controversial elements of Laeden's criminal procedure laws, the detainment for inquiry allows law enforcement agents to aprehend individuals for 24h in order to collect information or examine if they're involved in crimes. This practice has been considered as a barbaric violation to the citizenry basic freedoms by several law experts, and some courts have started to accept theories in that regard. On the other hand, the law enforcement remains adamant on the defense of the importance of such institute for investigations and elucidations of crime.

Gun Control

The acquisition of firearms is closely controlled by the government, who is responsible for assessing the applicants and issuing the permits. People who desire to purchase such weapons have to fill out several requirements, such as having no criminal record whatsoever, having a stable job and a fixed residency, displaying technical skills to handle and maintain the firearm and passing a rigorous psychological exam. Guns are heavily taxed, anyway, which make the legal acquisition an expensive affair. In any case, gun owners are prohibited from carrying it on the street, so they may only use their guns for home defense. While such measures have proved to be inefficient to disarm the organized crime, they have been quite successful at reducing the mortality rates coming from crimes of passion. The policy has also been important to prevent the possible dangers of having paramilitary organizations arming themselves, which would not be a very implausibe prospect considering the significantly collectivistic nature of Laeden's society.

Centralized Law Enforcement

While Municipalities, large urban conglomerates with special privileges, are allowed to create and manage their own local police departments, Laeden's largest and main law enforcement organization is the Gendarmerie, a nation-wide institute that fills the role of a police force and a national guard. Tasked with missions that range from patrolling small towns to intercept suspicious aircraft, boats and acting as shock police, the Gendarmerie is a very large and very important institution, that is almost a small army within itself. Commanding such an institution is, of course, a matter of great political prestige, so the Gendarmerie was quite often leaded by politically ambitious men. In the last few decades, however, it made a respectable effort in order to modernize and to readapt itself to the current challenges of public security and policework.


Economy

Agricultural Might

An important agricultural producer and exporter for the last two centuries, Laeden prides itself for its massive output, which is made possible by heavy investments in infrastructure, research and development, mechanization and qualification of its workforce. Laeden's agricultural production far exceeds the consumption of its population, and allows the nation to export to foreign markets with very competitive prices, making it the primary supplier of food for several nations, including Balnik, Yursea, Hyukai and many others. This, however, lead to an overspecialization of Laeden's economy, and other sectors suffer from the lack of investments, since the capital usually goes to the improvement of the nation's farms and fields.

Nuclear Power

The lack of natural energy sources in Laeden made the nation extremely dependent on foreign sources of power. Initially, this was solved by Plasminia and its enormous reserves of coal. When thermal energy was considered too inefficient and polluting, the Laedenian government decided to explore alternative forms of energy production. Solar and wind power were quickly explored, but their output proved to be incapable of completely providing for the needs of the increasingly urbanized and industrialized nation. Nuclear power was adopted, then, after a government procurement selected foreign companies that mastered the technology and technique of producing such kind of power. As a consequence, Laeden possesses a number of nuclear plants, which are not cheap to operate (especially because they require foreign companies to do so), but that produce enough power to meet the nation's needs. The high costs reflect on the prices of energy, however, making Laedenian consumers constantly wary of the energy bills.

Partial Gold Standard

While the vast majority of modern nations adopt legal tender currency and use US dollars as their primary reserves, Laeden decided to remain with a partial golden standard to its currency. While this somewhat limits government spending and makes the offer of credit more difficult, it also greatly reduces inflation, making the Laedenian currency, the Denarius (D$), a stable currency.

Developing Nation

Despite its major economic achievements in the last decades, Laeden is still a developing nation that has been unable to find a way out of the middle income trap. Some of the elements that contribute to Laeden's status as a developing nation are: a relatively low number of highly technological industries in the nation; an abundance of low income jobs; an excessive dependency on the export of commodities; restricted access to healthcare and to higher education; exceedingly high levels of crime and, to a lesser degree, of corruption; mediocre levels of productivity/work efficiency; and considerable socioeconomic inequality. While several policies have been enacted in order to curb those problems, their success rates vary considerably. Laeden is certainly rich and prosperous enough to be an important member of the international community and to provide the basic needs of its population, but there is still much work to be done in terms of social development before the nation achieves a developed status.

Income Disparity

Laeden remains a land of significant income disparity between the richest strata of the population and the ordinary people. While a prolonged period of economic prosperity allowed the middle class to thrive, eventually outnumbering the lower classes and becoming the large socioeconomic class in the country, a considerable portion of the population remains living in poverty. This issue relates to the relatively unskilled workforce and the low income jobs that are usually available to the poorest sections of the population. This socioeconomic division has notable repercussions in politics, while it also reflects in the nationís culture and social dynamics. The socioeconomic inequality has undesireable effects in the nationís economic growth and development, while also representing a major challenge to the government. It is closely related with other issues, such as crime, education, healthcare, social cohesion and political instability.


International

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Laeden openly admits to have Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in its arsenals. While the nation lacks the technical capabilities, and the financial means, to produce, maintain and operate nuclear weaponry, it keeps considerable amounts of chemical and biological weaponry in its reserves. The Laedenian military doctrine asserts that the WMDs are to be used exclusively in the event of the invasion of Laedenís sovereign territory, or in the imminence of such invasion. The mere possession of WMDs is considered, in itself, an important asset for the deterrence of possible invasions and aggressions against Laedenís mainland.

International Liberalism

Laeden is a firm believer in the liberal theory of the international relations, advocating for the creation of international organizations, the signing of multilateral agreements and the investment in the deepening of diplomatic ties as means to prevent wars and promoting a peaceful international order. Laedenís diplomatic doctrine emphasizes that peace is not a mere absence of conflict, but, rather, a state of things that allow disputes and conflicts to be settled by civilized means, preserving the integrity and the welfare of all parties envolved. Because of that, Laeden is eager to participate in international forums, congresses, meetings and negotiations, always promoting world peace while, at the same time, respecting other nationsí sovereignty. The national diplomatic doctrine also claims that democracies are less likely to fight one another, which is a guiding point in Laedenís foreign policy, as the nation strives to develop meaningful connections with other democratic countries.

Naval Might

Due to its geographical position as an insular nation, Laeden has always prioritized the Navy in its military spending. Laeden has a long and brilliant naval history, with several meaningful victories and achievements, of which itís very proud of. While the Navy was usually associated with the monarchic regime, which has been overthrown in the beginning of the 20th century, the naval tradition remains a significant part of Laedenís military thought, which is why the Navy continues to be the nationís primary armed force. Laeden has a strong, modern, well trained and well equipped Navy that can be categorized as a green water navy with some blue water capabilities. Laeden has a small but highly professional expeditionary infantry, the Marine Corps, along with numerous vessels meant to patrol the nationís coasts and preserve its sovereign territory. Laeden also has a limited, but relevant, capability of sending naval task forces to operate far from the countryís shore, effectively projecting its military power to long distances. Laeden is often involved in joint military exercises, most notably with Plasminia and Dormill and Stiura, and it has an exchange program that allows sea cadets from Hyukai to come and train in Laedenís prestigious Naval School, the training center that prepares its officer corps. The Laedenian Navy is also involved in fighting crime overseas, by capturing pirate ships and aprehending smugglers, while also patrolling major sea trade lanes and assisting in peacekeeping missions.

Commercial Focus

Due to its economic specialization, Laeden has greatly emphasized the construction of economic and commercial ties with other nations as a means to export its massive agricultural production and obtain other goods. One could say that Laeden is highly dependant of imports and that the fluctuations in foreign markets have significant impacts in Laedenís internal economy. While that is true, the fact that this arrangement allowed Laeden to conquer a very privileged spot in the regional economy, effectively monopolizing several agricultural markets, cannot be ignored either. This economic thought is one of the main drives of Laedenís foreign policy, especially in the last few years, since the Consul Gaspard díAlbignac enthusiastically seeked to initiate more commercial and economic relations with numerous other countries in order to allow Laedenís economy to thrive and prosper.

International Collaboration

Laedenís diplomacy cannot be interpreted as a mere interest in obtaining more consumer markets. The Laedenian state has a legitimate interest in constructing social, cultural, scientific and political ties with other nations that are deemed to be friendly. Some of the most prominent examples of this trend is Laedenís relations with Avaron, Ainslie, Uprea Plasminia, Dormill and Stiura and Martenyika, despite the regrettable conflicts with the latter. Laeden aspires to be a cultural and social influencer in the world stage, a goal that is not entirely disconnected with political and economic ambitions, but is also not entirely dependant on them. Laeden is also profoundly concerned with other topics that require diplomatic cooperation, such as the preservation of the environment, fighting international crime and engaging in scientific and technologic endeavors such as the joint space project with its partners, Uprea and Solaryia.


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Suggestions, compliments and constructive criticism are encouraged. Non constructive criticism will be met with personal insults.

Havalland wrote:Iíd be interested in collaboration with our nuclear energy sectors.

Aeteros wrote: Aeteros' nuclear tech is in its infancy but I would be interested in participating myself though it would probably be as more of a recipient instead of an equal participant

If you're both after myself setting up plants or jointly running some of the types of plants listed - let me know the type and location and I'll happily add them to the list.

Equally, Altera would be happy to - in return for building said plants - create STEM research centres in your nations, to help train the next generation of your nations academic elite.

Laeden wrote:Hello guys. I just finished a factbook on some general traits and policies of Laeden. Check it out, if you want:

National Policies and Traits
The following are the general policies and traits that can be used to define the Republic of Laeden. This is a non-exhaustive list that provides some of the major elements of the government and the people of Laeden.
Government | Society | Law & Order | Economy | International

Government

Parliamentary Sovereignty

The nation is organized in a Republican fashion, with the national parliament, the Senate of Laeden, being the most important government entity, responsible not only for passing legislation, but also for selecting the head of the Executive, the Consul, and the Supreme Court's Justices. The Parliamentary system allows the National Government to have a higher degree of adaptability, making it possible to rapidly pass new laws if the situation demands it, while also permitting longer governments, since the Consul is allowed to remain in his office for as long as he can secure his political position, unlike presidents, who have fixed terms. This, combined with the relatively large terms of the Senators, who stay in office for eight years with one reelection allowed, gives the nation the necessary stability to draw long term plans and strategies, ruling with the necessary foresight and prudence that would be jeopardized by shorter terms, which, in the Laedenian point of view, are incentives to populist practices in order to secure reelections.

Devolution

The National Government delegates administrative and legislative powers to subnational entities, allowing them to manage affairs of local interest. Devolution, however, cannot be interpreted as a mere distribution of power. Proper coordination and synchrony is a must that comes along with the package, requiring officials and authorities from both the national and the subnational spheres of government to be able not only to coexist, but to collaborate efficiently. The combined effort of national and local governments, however, come with the benefits of allowing each sphere of power to specialize in specific tasks, instead of simply dumping responsibilities to the national government. With devolution, the central government is allowed to focus on nation wide policymaking and administration, while leaving more local problems to the respective regional government. Besides, it is an addition to the system of checks and balances, preventing the concentration of too much power in the hands of the central government's bureaucrats.

Civilian Leadership

The Laedenian government, as a whole, has a firm culture of limitating the interference of the military leadership in civilian matters, and keep the Armed Forces under strict civilian oversight, and also emphasizes the importance of having a well structured civil society and having civilians occupying the higher ranks and offices of the Republic. Civilism reflects the importance that the Laedenian society puts in matters such as economic and social development, as well as stable politics and the rule of law, which would be jeopardized if a "might makes right" philosophy were employed and if the military were allowed to rule. Shunning any ambitions of neoimperialism and expansionism, the Laedenian people prefers to focus on matters that directly affect their day to day life, which is why civilians are regarded as the fittest to conduct the political affairs of the nation.

Strenght of the Institutions

Laedenian institutions, both from the government and the civil society, are robust and well established. Institutionalism is an important factor in Laedenian politics, since those institutions, who often have conflicting interests and worldviews, compete for power and influence within the Laedenian political world. While this can foment excessive corporativism within certain classes or organizations, such as the Judiciary, which is notorious for it, it also serves as a very powerful instrument to keep the powers in check and preventing some organizations from overtaking the government.


Society

Eudaimonia

The concept of "Eudaimonia" can roughly be described as a Laedenian version of the idea of pursuit of happiness. The ramifications of this core concept, however, are quite broad. It is often interpreted as an attempt to achieve self improvement by means of living virtuously and by encouraging artistic and philosophic endeavors, but it's also apropriated by the Church, who links it with the idea of living a blessed life by means of following the Scripture and exercising the Christian faith. While such interpretations are valid and have their fair share of followers, the word nowadays is usually employed by youngsters to define a lifestyle that values pleasure, fun and entertainment. This type of hedonistic way of living, which is frowned upon only formally by the older generations, is a striking difference that sets Laedenians apart from other industrious and ambitious nations. Eudaimonia, however, cannot be described as an excuse to live a vain or malicious lifestyle. Rather, it is the concept of self growth and development by life experiences.

National Aspiration

Aspirationism is a broad word that encompasses several key concepts of the Laedenian cultural mindset, such as the general feeling of nostalgia of an idealized version of the past, which, paradoxically, coexists with a romantic and hopeful idea of an idealized future. The Laedenians are often told that their minds are elsewhere, either thinking of things that happened or things that will happen, lost in daydreamings and exercises of imagination. The word also connects to "desiderie", a concept typical of the Laedenian way of thinking, that can be hard to translate. In general, it describes a strong desire for a idealized, perfected and utopic version of all things. Often compared with the Painting World element of the Laedenian Folklore, as well as Plato's Cave Allegory, desiderie suggests that everything is imperfect or tainted in one way or another, and the true feelings of joy and happiness that humans feel so fleetingly are mere glimpses of a perpetual state of bliss that could be experienced by living in this utopic version of the world, which can be accessed just by a mental and imaginative effort. This constant mental exercise is often regarded as a source of Laeden's significant artistic creativity, and it's prized by Laedenians, who often explore it in songs and other works of art, regarding it as one of the quintessential elements of nationhood, since it's crucial to explain how the Laedenians have their own particular view of the world and of their place in it.

Solidarity

An important aspect of the Laedenian society is the emphasis put on collectivism. Laedenians encourage a sense of belonging to groups, institutions, places, cultures or traditions, and the individual is often defined by what he chooses to belong to. This leads to a complex network of loyalties, relationships and identifications that define how social relations in Laeden work, and also explains why some institutions of the civil society can be so powerful and influential within the nation. Navigating in such a network is no easy task. It is, however, crucial within the Laedenian society, who is very much aware of the problems represented by conflicting loyalties and allegiances. On the other hand, the benefits of such an arrangement are the meaningful connections that people are capable of making with likeminded colleagues and friends, creating a general feeling of comraderie and oneness.

Compulsory Civic Service

A recent policy, the Compulsory Civic Service is a mandatory duty for the Laedenian youth, who are required to work in public organizations for a period of time while receiving payment. It is a pacifist alternative to conscription and its goal is to improve the civil service, while also allowing youngsters to have an occupation and, at the same time, to contribute positively with their community and learn important social and professional skills. Ultimately, the Civic Service tries to promote a sense of civic pride and belonging, while also improving the quality of the Laedenian workforce and encouraging inclusiveness and group work.


Law & Order

Life Sentences

While Laeden does not adopt the capital punishment, life sentences are possible within its legal system. Such sanctions are regarded as advantageous, for they allow the State to have rigorous punishments, while also giving it the flexibility to correct itself in case of judicial mistakes. Such punishments are, naturally, exceedingly rare and reserved only for the most severe cases, and a life sentence necessarily needs to be endorsed by the Supreme Court before it can come to effect.

Usage of Genetic Material

The Laedenian government allows the forceful extraction of the genetic material of convicts in order to have a DNA database to facilitate investigations. While such measure has been criticized as a flexibilization of the right to body integrity, its benefits include the vast improvement of investigative efficiency, allowing the law enforcement to quickly identify the perpetrators of crime by testing organic evidence, such as hair strands or blood, and comparing it to the DNAs that are stored in the government's archives.

Questioning

One of the most controversial elements of Laeden's criminal procedure laws, the detainment for inquiry allows law enforcement agents to aprehend individuals for 24h in order to collect information or examine if they're involved in crimes. This practice has been considered as a barbaric violation to the citizenry basic freedoms by several law experts, and some courts have started to accept theories in that regard. On the other hand, the law enforcement remains adamant on the defense of the importance of such institute for investigations and elucidations of crime.

Gun Control

The acquisition of firearms is closely controlled by the government, who is responsible for assessing the applicants and issuing the permits. People who desire to purchase such weapons have to fill out several requirements, such as having no criminal record whatsoever, having a stable job and a fixed residency, displaying technical skills to handle and maintain the firearm and passing a rigorous psychological exam. Guns are heavily taxed, anyway, which make the legal acquisition an expensive affair. In any case, gun owners are prohibited from carrying it on the street, so they may only use their guns for home defense. While such measures have proved to be inefficient to disarm the organized crime, they have been quite successful at reducing the mortality rates coming from crimes of passion. The policy has also been important to prevent the possible dangers of having paramilitary organizations arming themselves, which would not be a very implausibe prospect considering the significantly collectivistic nature of Laeden's society.

Centralized Law Enforcement

While Municipalities, large urban conglomerates with special privileges, are allowed to create and manage their own local police departments, Laeden's largest and main law enforcement organization is the Gendarmerie, a nation-wide institute that fills the role of a police force and a national guard. Tasked with missions that range from patrolling small towns to intercept suspicious aircraft, boats and acting as shock police, the Gendarmerie is a very large and very important institution, that is almost a small army within itself. Commanding such an institution is, of course, a matter of great political prestige, so the Gendarmerie was quite often leaded by politically ambitious men. In the last few decades, however, it made a respectable effort in order to modernize and to readapt itself to the current challenges of public security and policework.


Economy

Agricultural Might

An important agricultural producer and exporter for the last two centuries, Laeden prides itself for its massive output, which is made possible by heavy investments in infrastructure, research and development, mechanization and qualification of its workforce. Laeden's agricultural production far exceeds the consumption of its population, and allows the nation to export to foreign markets with very competitive prices, making it the primary supplier of food for several nations, including Balnik, Yursea, Hyukai and many others. This, however, lead to an overspecialization of Laeden's economy, and other sectors suffer from the lack of investments, since the capital usually goes to the improvement of the nation's farms and fields.

Nuclear Power

The lack of natural energy sources in Laeden made the nation extremely dependent on foreign sources of power. Initially, this was solved by Plasminia and its enormous reserves of coal. When thermal energy was considered too inefficient and polluting, the Laedenian government decided to explore alternative forms of energy production. Solar and wind power were quickly explored, but their output proved to be incapable of completely providing for the needs of the increasingly urbanized and industrialized nation. Nuclear power was adopted, then, after a government procurement selected foreign companies that mastered the technology and technique of producing such kind of power. As a consequence, Laeden possesses a number of nuclear plants, which are not cheap to operate (especially because they require foreign companies to do so), but that produce enough power to meet the nation's needs. The high costs reflect on the prices of energy, however, making Laedenian consumers constantly wary of the energy bills.

Partial Gold Standard

While the vast majority of modern nations adopt legal tender currency and use US dollars as their primary reserves, Laeden decided to remain with a partial golden standard to its currency. While this somewhat limits government spending and makes the offer of credit more difficult, it also greatly reduces inflation, making the Laedenian currency, the Denarius (D$), a stable currency.

Developing Nation

Despite its major economic achievements in the last decades, Laeden is still a developing nation that has been unable to find a way out of the middle income trap. Some of the elements that contribute to Laeden's status as a developing nation are: a relatively low number of highly technological industries in the nation; an abundance of low income jobs; an excessive dependency on the export of commodities; restricted access to healthcare and to higher education; exceedingly high levels of crime and, to a lesser degree, of corruption; mediocre levels of productivity/work efficiency; and considerable socioeconomic inequality. While several policies have been enacted in order to curb those problems, their success rates vary considerably. Laeden is certainly rich and prosperous enough to be an important member of the international community and to provide the basic needs of its population, but there is still much work to be done in terms of social development before the nation achieves a developed status.

Income Disparity

Laeden remains a land of significant income disparity between the richest strata of the population and the ordinary people. While a prolonged period of economic prosperity allowed the middle class to thrive, eventually outnumbering the lower classes and becoming the large socioeconomic class in the country, a considerable portion of the population remains living in poverty. This issue relates to the relatively unskilled workforce and the low income jobs that are usually available to the poorest sections of the population. This socioeconomic division has notable repercussions in politics, while it also reflects in the nationís culture and social dynamics. The socioeconomic inequality has undesireable effects in the nationís economic growth and development, while also representing a major challenge to the government. It is closely related with other issues, such as crime, education, healthcare, social cohesion and political instability.


International

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Laeden openly admits to have Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in its arsenals. While the nation lacks the technical capabilities, and the financial means, to produce, maintain and operate nuclear weaponry, it keeps considerable amounts of chemical and biological weaponry in its reserves. The Laedenian military doctrine asserts that the WMDs are to be used exclusively in the event of the invasion of Laedenís sovereign territory, or in the imminence of such invasion. The mere possession of WMDs is considered, in itself, an important asset for the deterrence of possible invasions and aggressions against Laedenís mainland.

International Liberalism

Laeden is a firm believer in the liberal theory of the international relations, advocating for the creation of international organizations, the signing of multilateral agreements and the investment in the deepening of diplomatic ties as means to prevent wars and promoting a peaceful international order. Laedenís diplomatic doctrine emphasizes that peace is not a mere absence of conflict, but, rather, a state of things that allow disputes and conflicts to be settled by civilized means, preserving the integrity and the welfare of all parties envolved. Because of that, Laeden is eager to participate in international forums, congresses, meetings and negotiations, always promoting world peace while, at the same time, respecting other nationsí sovereignty. The national diplomatic doctrine also claims that democracies are less likely to fight one another, which is a guiding point in Laedenís foreign policy, as the nation strives to develop meaningful connections with other democratic countries.

Naval Might

Due to its geographical position as an insular nation, Laeden has always prioritized the Navy in its military spending. Laeden has a long and brilliant naval history, with several meaningful victories and achievements, of which itís very proud of. While the Navy was usually associated with the monarchic regime, which has been overthrown in the beginning of the 20th century, the naval tradition remains a significant part of Laedenís military thought, which is why the Navy continues to be the nationís primary armed force. Laeden has a strong, modern, well trained and well equipped Navy that can be categorized as a green water navy with some blue water capabilities. Laeden has a small but highly professional expeditionary infantry, the Marine Corps, along with numerous vessels meant to patrol the nationís coasts and preserve its sovereign territory. Laeden also has a limited, but relevant, capability of sending naval task forces to operate far from the countryís shore, effectively projecting its military power to long distances. Laeden is often involved in joint military exercises, most notably with Plasminia and Dormill and Stiura, and it has an exchange program that allows sea cadets from Hyukai to come and train in Laedenís prestigious Naval School, the training center that prepares its officer corps. The Laedenian Navy is also involved in fighting crime overseas, by capturing pirate ships and aprehending smugglers, while also patrolling major sea trade lanes and assisting in peacekeeping missions.

Commercial Focus

Due to its economic specialization, Laeden has greatly emphasized the construction of economic and commercial ties with other nations as a means to export its massive agricultural production and obtain other goods. One could say that Laeden is highly dependant of imports and that the fluctuations in foreign markets have significant impacts in Laedenís internal economy. While that is true, the fact that this arrangement allowed Laeden to conquer a very privileged spot in the regional economy, effectively monopolizing several agricultural markets, cannot be ignored either. This economic thought is one of the main drives of Laedenís foreign policy, especially in the last few years, since the Consul Gaspard díAlbignac enthusiastically seeked to initiate more commercial and economic relations with numerous other countries in order to allow Laedenís economy to thrive and prosper.

International Collaboration

Laedenís diplomacy cannot be interpreted as a mere interest in obtaining more consumer markets. The Laedenian state has a legitimate interest in constructing social, cultural, scientific and political ties with other nations that are deemed to be friendly. Some of the most prominent examples of this trend is Laedenís relations with Avaron, Ainslie, Uprea Plasminia, Dormill and Stiura and Martenyika, despite the regrettable conflicts with the latter. Laeden aspires to be a cultural and social influencer in the world stage, a goal that is not entirely disconnected with political and economic ambitions, but is also not entirely dependant on them. Laeden is also profoundly concerned with other topics that require diplomatic cooperation, such as the preservation of the environment, fighting international crime and engaging in scientific and technologic endeavors such as the joint space project with its partners, Uprea and Solaryia.


Original template by The brytish isles. Template is found here.
Read factbook

Suggestions, compliments and constructive criticism are encouraged. Non constructive criticism will be met with personal insults.

*Laeden admits to having WMDs*
*Counter-ICBM network intensifies*

Aeteros wrote:I am 2 days from the beginning of my final exams and I'm just now learning when and where they are, I have a feeling I probably should have figured this stuff out earlier

Best of luck sport ☺️👍

Alteran Republics wrote:*Laeden admits to having WMDs*
*Counter-ICBM network intensifies*

Don't say that!! We collaborate a lot (at least in my headcanon we do). For instance, I'm very much interested in having you assisting me in my nuclear energy program, since I admittedly lack the tech and the resources to run it.

Nordlaneke

Nordlaneke wrote:vs Sigma Lanekean Grass

vs Alpha Hyukaian Meth

Laeden wrote:Don't say that!! We collaborate a lot (at least in my headcanon we do). For instance, I'm very much interested in having you assisting me in my nuclear energy program, since I admittedly lack the tech and the resources to run it.

Yeah don't worry; out regional deterrent is the counter ICBM system as well as our strike bomber force ... which Altera needs to upgrade soon.

Laeden wrote:Hello guys. I just finished a factbook on some general traits and policies of Laeden. Check it out, if you want:

National Policies and Traits
The following are the general policies and traits that can be used to define the Republic of Laeden. This is a non-exhaustive list that provides some of the major elements of the government and the people of Laeden.
Government | Society | Law & Order | Economy | International

Government

Parliamentary Sovereignty

The nation is organized in a Republican fashion, with the national parliament, the Senate of Laeden, being the most important government entity, responsible not only for passing legislation, but also for selecting the head of the Executive, the Consul, and the Supreme Court's Justices. The Parliamentary system allows the National Government to have a higher degree of adaptability, making it possible to rapidly pass new laws if the situation demands it, while also permitting longer governments, since the Consul is allowed to remain in his office for as long as he can secure his political position, unlike presidents, who have fixed terms. This, combined with the relatively large terms of the Senators, who stay in office for eight years with one reelection allowed, gives the nation the necessary stability to draw long term plans and strategies, ruling with the necessary foresight and prudence that would be jeopardized by shorter terms, which, in the Laedenian point of view, are incentives to populist practices in order to secure reelections.

Devolution

The National Government delegates administrative and legislative powers to subnational entities, allowing them to manage affairs of local interest. Devolution, however, cannot be interpreted as a mere distribution of power. Proper coordination and synchrony is a must that comes along with the package, requiring officials and authorities from both the national and the subnational spheres of government to be able not only to coexist, but to collaborate efficiently. The combined effort of national and local governments, however, come with the benefits of allowing each sphere of power to specialize in specific tasks, instead of simply dumping responsibilities to the national government. With devolution, the central government is allowed to focus on nation wide policymaking and administration, while leaving more local problems to the respective regional government. Besides, it is an addition to the system of checks and balances, preventing the concentration of too much power in the hands of the central government's bureaucrats.

Civilian Leadership

The Laedenian government, as a whole, has a firm culture of limitating the interference of the military leadership in civilian matters, and keep the Armed Forces under strict civilian oversight, and also emphasizes the importance of having a well structured civil society and having civilians occupying the higher ranks and offices of the Republic. Civilism reflects the importance that the Laedenian society puts in matters such as economic and social development, as well as stable politics and the rule of law, which would be jeopardized if a "might makes right" philosophy were employed and if the military were allowed to rule. Shunning any ambitions of neoimperialism and expansionism, the Laedenian people prefers to focus on matters that directly affect their day to day life, which is why civilians are regarded as the fittest to conduct the political affairs of the nation.

Strenght of the Institutions

Laedenian institutions, both from the government and the civil society, are robust and well established. Institutionalism is an important factor in Laedenian politics, since those institutions, who often have conflicting interests and worldviews, compete for power and influence within the Laedenian political world. While this can foment excessive corporativism within certain classes or organizations, such as the Judiciary, which is notorious for it, it also serves as a very powerful instrument to keep the powers in check and preventing some organizations from overtaking the government.


Society

Eudaimonia

The concept of "Eudaimonia" can roughly be described as a Laedenian version of the idea of pursuit of happiness. The ramifications of this core concept, however, are quite broad. It is often interpreted as an attempt to achieve self improvement by means of living virtuously and by encouraging artistic and philosophic endeavors, but it's also apropriated by the Church, who links it with the idea of living a blessed life by means of following the Scripture and exercising the Christian faith. While such interpretations are valid and have their fair share of followers, the word nowadays is usually employed by youngsters to define a lifestyle that values pleasure, fun and entertainment. This type of hedonistic way of living, which is frowned upon only formally by the older generations, is a striking difference that sets Laedenians apart from other industrious and ambitious nations. Eudaimonia, however, cannot be described as an excuse to live a vain or malicious lifestyle. Rather, it is the concept of self growth and development by life experiences.

National Aspiration

Aspirationism is a broad word that encompasses several key concepts of the Laedenian cultural mindset, such as the general feeling of nostalgia of an idealized version of the past, which, paradoxically, coexists with a romantic and hopeful idea of an idealized future. The Laedenians are often told that their minds are elsewhere, either thinking of things that happened or things that will happen, lost in daydreamings and exercises of imagination. The word also connects to "desiderie", a concept typical of the Laedenian way of thinking, that can be hard to translate. In general, it describes a strong desire for a idealized, perfected and utopic version of all things. Often compared with the Painting World element of the Laedenian Folklore, as well as Plato's Cave Allegory, desiderie suggests that everything is imperfect or tainted in one way or another, and the true feelings of joy and happiness that humans feel so fleetingly are mere glimpses of a perpetual state of bliss that could be experienced by living in this utopic version of the world, which can be accessed just by a mental and imaginative effort. This constant mental exercise is often regarded as a source of Laeden's significant artistic creativity, and it's prized by Laedenians, who often explore it in songs and other works of art, regarding it as one of the quintessential elements of nationhood, since it's crucial to explain how the Laedenians have their own particular view of the world and of their place in it.

Solidarity

An important aspect of the Laedenian society is the emphasis put on collectivism. Laedenians encourage a sense of belonging to groups, institutions, places, cultures or traditions, and the individual is often defined by what he chooses to belong to. This leads to a complex network of loyalties, relationships and identifications that define how social relations in Laeden work, and also explains why some institutions of the civil society can be so powerful and influential within the nation. Navigating in such a network is no easy task. It is, however, crucial within the Laedenian society, who is very much aware of the problems represented by conflicting loyalties and allegiances. On the other hand, the benefits of such an arrangement are the meaningful connections that people are capable of making with likeminded colleagues and friends, creating a general feeling of comraderie and oneness.

Compulsory Civic Service

A recent policy, the Compulsory Civic Service is a mandatory duty for the Laedenian youth, who are required to work in public organizations for a period of time while receiving payment. It is a pacifist alternative to conscription and its goal is to improve the civil service, while also allowing youngsters to have an occupation and, at the same time, to contribute positively with their community and learn important social and professional skills. Ultimately, the Civic Service tries to promote a sense of civic pride and belonging, while also improving the quality of the Laedenian workforce and encouraging inclusiveness and group work.


Law & Order

Life Sentences

While Laeden does not adopt the capital punishment, life sentences are possible within its legal system. Such sanctions are regarded as advantageous, for they allow the State to have rigorous punishments, while also giving it the flexibility to correct itself in case of judicial mistakes. Such punishments are, naturally, exceedingly rare and reserved only for the most severe cases, and a life sentence necessarily needs to be endorsed by the Supreme Court before it can come to effect.

Usage of Genetic Material

The Laedenian government allows the forceful extraction of the genetic material of convicts in order to have a DNA database to facilitate investigations. While such measure has been criticized as a flexibilization of the right to body integrity, its benefits include the vast improvement of investigative efficiency, allowing the law enforcement to quickly identify the perpetrators of crime by testing organic evidence, such as hair strands or blood, and comparing it to the DNAs that are stored in the government's archives.

Questioning

One of the most controversial elements of Laeden's criminal procedure laws, the detainment for inquiry allows law enforcement agents to aprehend individuals for 24h in order to collect information or examine if they're involved in crimes. This practice has been considered as a barbaric violation to the citizenry basic freedoms by several law experts, and some courts have started to accept theories in that regard. On the other hand, the law enforcement remains adamant on the defense of the importance of such institute for investigations and elucidations of crime.

Gun Control

The acquisition of firearms is closely controlled by the government, who is responsible for assessing the applicants and issuing the permits. People who desire to purchase such weapons have to fill out several requirements, such as having no criminal record whatsoever, having a stable job and a fixed residency, displaying technical skills to handle and maintain the firearm and passing a rigorous psychological exam. Guns are heavily taxed, anyway, which make the legal acquisition an expensive affair. In any case, gun owners are prohibited from carrying it on the street, so they may only use their guns for home defense. While such measures have proved to be inefficient to disarm the organized crime, they have been quite successful at reducing the mortality rates coming from crimes of passion. The policy has also been important to prevent the possible dangers of having paramilitary organizations arming themselves, which would not be a very implausibe prospect considering the significantly collectivistic nature of Laeden's society.

Centralized Law Enforcement

While Municipalities, large urban conglomerates with special privileges, are allowed to create and manage their own local police departments, Laeden's largest and main law enforcement organization is the Gendarmerie, a nation-wide institute that fills the role of a police force and a national guard. Tasked with missions that range from patrolling small towns to intercept suspicious aircraft, boats and acting as shock police, the Gendarmerie is a very large and very important institution, that is almost a small army within itself. Commanding such an institution is, of course, a matter of great political prestige, so the Gendarmerie was quite often leaded by politically ambitious men. In the last few decades, however, it made a respectable effort in order to modernize and to readapt itself to the current challenges of public security and policework.


Economy

Agricultural Might

An important agricultural producer and exporter for the last two centuries, Laeden prides itself for its massive output, which is made possible by heavy investments in infrastructure, research and development, mechanization and qualification of its workforce. Laeden's agricultural production far exceeds the consumption of its population, and allows the nation to export to foreign markets with very competitive prices, making it the primary supplier of food for several nations, including Balnik, Yursea, Hyukai and many others. This, however, lead to an overspecialization of Laeden's economy, and other sectors suffer from the lack of investments, since the capital usually goes to the improvement of the nation's farms and fields.

Nuclear Power

The lack of natural energy sources in Laeden made the nation extremely dependent on foreign sources of power. Initially, this was solved by Plasminia and its enormous reserves of coal. When thermal energy was considered too inefficient and polluting, the Laedenian government decided to explore alternative forms of energy production. Solar and wind power were quickly explored, but their output proved to be incapable of completely providing for the needs of the increasingly urbanized and industrialized nation. Nuclear power was adopted, then, after a government procurement selected foreign companies that mastered the technology and technique of producing such kind of power. As a consequence, Laeden possesses a number of nuclear plants, which are not cheap to operate (especially because they require foreign companies to do so), but that produce enough power to meet the nation's needs. The high costs reflect on the prices of energy, however, making Laedenian consumers constantly wary of the energy bills.

Partial Gold Standard

While the vast majority of modern nations adopt legal tender currency and use US dollars as their primary reserves, Laeden decided to remain with a partial golden standard to its currency. While this somewhat limits government spending and makes the offer of credit more difficult, it also greatly reduces inflation, making the Laedenian currency, the Denarius (D$), a stable currency.

Developing Nation

Despite its major economic achievements in the last decades, Laeden is still a developing nation that has been unable to find a way out of the middle income trap. Some of the elements that contribute to Laeden's status as a developing nation are: a relatively low number of highly technological industries in the nation; an abundance of low income jobs; an excessive dependency on the export of commodities; restricted access to healthcare and to higher education; exceedingly high levels of crime and, to a lesser degree, of corruption; mediocre levels of productivity/work efficiency; and considerable socioeconomic inequality. While several policies have been enacted in order to curb those problems, their success rates vary considerably. Laeden is certainly rich and prosperous enough to be an important member of the international community and to provide the basic needs of its population, but there is still much work to be done in terms of social development before the nation achieves a developed status.

Income Disparity

Laeden remains a land of significant income disparity between the richest strata of the population and the ordinary people. While a prolonged period of economic prosperity allowed the middle class to thrive, eventually outnumbering the lower classes and becoming the large socioeconomic class in the country, a considerable portion of the population remains living in poverty. This issue relates to the relatively unskilled workforce and the low income jobs that are usually available to the poorest sections of the population. This socioeconomic division has notable repercussions in politics, while it also reflects in the nationís culture and social dynamics. The socioeconomic inequality has undesireable effects in the nationís economic growth and development, while also representing a major challenge to the government. It is closely related with other issues, such as crime, education, healthcare, social cohesion and political instability.


International

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Laeden openly admits to have Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in its arsenals. While the nation lacks the technical capabilities, and the financial means, to produce, maintain and operate nuclear weaponry, it keeps considerable amounts of chemical and biological weaponry in its reserves. The Laedenian military doctrine asserts that the WMDs are to be used exclusively in the event of the invasion of Laedenís sovereign territory, or in the imminence of such invasion. The mere possession of WMDs is considered, in itself, an important asset for the deterrence of possible invasions and aggressions against Laedenís mainland.

International Liberalism

Laeden is a firm believer in the liberal theory of the international relations, advocating for the creation of international organizations, the signing of multilateral agreements and the investment in the deepening of diplomatic ties as means to prevent wars and promoting a peaceful international order. Laedenís diplomatic doctrine emphasizes that peace is not a mere absence of conflict, but, rather, a state of things that allow disputes and conflicts to be settled by civilized means, preserving the integrity and the welfare of all parties envolved. Because of that, Laeden is eager to participate in international forums, congresses, meetings and negotiations, always promoting world peace while, at the same time, respecting other nationsí sovereignty. The national diplomatic doctrine also claims that democracies are less likely to fight one another, which is a guiding point in Laedenís foreign policy, as the nation strives to develop meaningful connections with other democratic countries.

Naval Might

Due to its geographical position as an insular nation, Laeden has always prioritized the Navy in its military spending. Laeden has a long and brilliant naval history, with several meaningful victories and achievements, of which itís very proud of. While the Navy was usually associated with the monarchic regime, which has been overthrown in the beginning of the 20th century, the naval tradition remains a significant part of Laedenís military thought, which is why the Navy continues to be the nationís primary armed force. Laeden has a strong, modern, well trained and well equipped Navy that can be categorized as a green water navy with some blue water capabilities. Laeden has a small but highly professional expeditionary infantry, the Marine Corps, along with numerous vessels meant to patrol the nationís coasts and preserve its sovereign territory. Laeden also has a limited, but relevant, capability of sending naval task forces to operate far from the countryís shore, effectively projecting its military power to long distances. Laeden is often involved in joint military exercises, most notably with Plasminia and Dormill and Stiura, and it has an exchange program that allows sea cadets from Hyukai to come and train in Laedenís prestigious Naval School, the training center that prepares its officer corps. The Laedenian Navy is also involved in fighting crime overseas, by capturing pirate ships and aprehending smugglers, while also patrolling major sea trade lanes and assisting in peacekeeping missions.

Commercial Focus

Due to its economic specialization, Laeden has greatly emphasized the construction of economic and commercial ties with other nations as a means to export its massive agricultural production and obtain other goods. One could say that Laeden is highly dependant of imports and that the fluctuations in foreign markets have significant impacts in Laedenís internal economy. While that is true, the fact that this arrangement allowed Laeden to conquer a very privileged spot in the regional economy, effectively monopolizing several agricultural markets, cannot be ignored either. This economic thought is one of the main drives of Laedenís foreign policy, especially in the last few years, since the Consul Gaspard díAlbignac enthusiastically seeked to initiate more commercial and economic relations with numerous other countries in order to allow Laedenís economy to thrive and prosper.

International Collaboration

Laedenís diplomacy cannot be interpreted as a mere interest in obtaining more consumer markets. The Laedenian state has a legitimate interest in constructing social, cultural, scientific and political ties with other nations that are deemed to be friendly. Some of the most prominent examples of this trend is Laedenís relations with Avaron, Ainslie, Uprea Plasminia, Dormill and Stiura and Martenyika, despite the regrettable conflicts with the latter. Laeden aspires to be a cultural and social influencer in the world stage, a goal that is not entirely disconnected with political and economic ambitions, but is also not entirely dependant on them. Laeden is also profoundly concerned with other topics that require diplomatic cooperation, such as the preservation of the environment, fighting international crime and engaging in scientific and technologic endeavors such as the joint space project with its partners, Uprea and Solaryia.


Original template by The brytish isles. Template is found here.
Read factbook

Suggestions, compliments and constructive criticism are encouraged. Non constructive criticism will be met with personal insults.

My only suggestion, and this is for others as well, with a Parliamentary style legislature you need an independent executive, either a monarch or a president. This gives a symbolic figure of continuity to the government. If your head of state is determined only through his/her support in the legislature every time you have a change of government you loose both branches. The head of state is normally just a figurehead in the parliamentary style of government but is there to swear in the new Prime Minister. I would still have your Consul elected by the Senate, but once elected has a fixed term and canít be Consul and Senator at the same time. Maybe have the head of government be a Praetor, who is responsible to the ruling party.

Alteran Republics wrote:*Laeden admits to having WMDs*
*Counter-ICBM network intensifies*

Never mind my previous text, I didnít notice where your Senators have a fixed term of eight years, so there is a constance to your government so donít change anything about the Consul, I would suggest that one-fourth of the Senators are elected every 2 years, like the US Senate does. With the fixed terms of the legislature you have a Congressional system instead of a Parliamentary system.

Laeden wrote:Hello guys. I just finished a factbook on some general traits and policies of Laeden. Check it out, if you want:

National Policies and Traits
The following are the general policies and traits that can be used to define the Republic of Laeden. This is a non-exhaustive list that provides some of the major elements of the government and the people of Laeden.
Government | Society | Law & Order | Economy | International

Government

Parliamentary Sovereignty

The nation is organized in a Republican fashion, with the national parliament, the Senate of Laeden, being the most important government entity, responsible not only for passing legislation, but also for selecting the head of the Executive, the Consul, and the Supreme Court's Justices. The Parliamentary system allows the National Government to have a higher degree of adaptability, making it possible to rapidly pass new laws if the situation demands it, while also permitting longer governments, since the Consul is allowed to remain in his office for as long as he can secure his political position, unlike presidents, who have fixed terms. This, combined with the relatively large terms of the Senators, who stay in office for eight years with one reelection allowed, gives the nation the necessary stability to draw long term plans and strategies, ruling with the necessary foresight and prudence that would be jeopardized by shorter terms, which, in the Laedenian point of view, are incentives to populist practices in order to secure reelections.

Devolution

The National Government delegates administrative and legislative powers to subnational entities, allowing them to manage affairs of local interest. Devolution, however, cannot be interpreted as a mere distribution of power. Proper coordination and synchrony is a must that comes along with the package, requiring officials and authorities from both the national and the subnational spheres of government to be able not only to coexist, but to collaborate efficiently. The combined effort of national and local governments, however, come with the benefits of allowing each sphere of power to specialize in specific tasks, instead of simply dumping responsibilities to the national government. With devolution, the central government is allowed to focus on nation wide policymaking and administration, while leaving more local problems to the respective regional government. Besides, it is an addition to the system of checks and balances, preventing the concentration of too much power in the hands of the central government's bureaucrats.

Civilian Leadership

The Laedenian government, as a whole, has a firm culture of limitating the interference of the military leadership in civilian matters, and keep the Armed Forces under strict civilian oversight, and also emphasizes the importance of having a well structured civil society and having civilians occupying the higher ranks and offices of the Republic. Civilism reflects the importance that the Laedenian society puts in matters such as economic and social development, as well as stable politics and the rule of law, which would be jeopardized if a "might makes right" philosophy were employed and if the military were allowed to rule. Shunning any ambitions of neoimperialism and expansionism, the Laedenian people prefers to focus on matters that directly affect their day to day life, which is why civilians are regarded as the fittest to conduct the political affairs of the nation.

Strenght of the Institutions

Laedenian institutions, both from the government and the civil society, are robust and well established. Institutionalism is an important factor in Laedenian politics, since those institutions, who often have conflicting interests and worldviews, compete for power and influence within the Laedenian political world. While this can foment excessive corporativism within certain classes or organizations, such as the Judiciary, which is notorious for it, it also serves as a very powerful instrument to keep the powers in check and preventing some organizations from overtaking the government.


Society

Eudaimonia

The concept of "Eudaimonia" can roughly be described as a Laedenian version of the idea of pursuit of happiness. The ramifications of this core concept, however, are quite broad. It is often interpreted as an attempt to achieve self improvement by means of living virtuously and by encouraging artistic and philosophic endeavors, but it's also apropriated by the Church, who links it with the idea of living a blessed life by means of following the Scripture and exercising the Christian faith. While such interpretations are valid and have their fair share of followers, the word nowadays is usually employed by youngsters to define a lifestyle that values pleasure, fun and entertainment. This type of hedonistic way of living, which is frowned upon only formally by the older generations, is a striking difference that sets Laedenians apart from other industrious and ambitious nations. Eudaimonia, however, cannot be described as an excuse to live a vain or malicious lifestyle. Rather, it is the concept of self growth and development by life experiences.

National Aspiration

Aspirationism is a broad word that encompasses several key concepts of the Laedenian cultural mindset, such as the general feeling of nostalgia of an idealized version of the past, which, paradoxically, coexists with a romantic and hopeful idea of an idealized future. The Laedenians are often told that their minds are elsewhere, either thinking of things that happened or things that will happen, lost in daydreamings and exercises of imagination. The word also connects to "desiderie", a concept typical of the Laedenian way of thinking, that can be hard to translate. In general, it describes a strong desire for a idealized, perfected and utopic version of all things. Often compared with the Painting World element of the Laedenian Folklore, as well as Plato's Cave Allegory, desiderie suggests that everything is imperfect or tainted in one way or another, and the true feelings of joy and happiness that humans feel so fleetingly are mere glimpses of a perpetual state of bliss that could be experienced by living in this utopic version of the world, which can be accessed just by a mental and imaginative effort. This constant mental exercise is often regarded as a source of Laeden's significant artistic creativity, and it's prized by Laedenians, who often explore it in songs and other works of art, regarding it as one of the quintessential elements of nationhood, since it's crucial to explain how the Laedenians have their own particular view of the world and of their place in it.

Solidarity

An important aspect of the Laedenian society is the emphasis put on collectivism. Laedenians encourage a sense of belonging to groups, institutions, places, cultures or traditions, and the individual is often defined by what he chooses to belong to. This leads to a complex network of loyalties, relationships and identifications that define how social relations in Laeden work, and also explains why some institutions of the civil society can be so powerful and influential within the nation. Navigating in such a network is no easy task. It is, however, crucial within the Laedenian society, who is very much aware of the problems represented by conflicting loyalties and allegiances. On the other hand, the benefits of such an arrangement are the meaningful connections that people are capable of making with likeminded colleagues and friends, creating a general feeling of comraderie and oneness.

Compulsory Civic Service

A recent policy, the Compulsory Civic Service is a mandatory duty for the Laedenian youth, who are required to work in public organizations for a period of time while receiving payment. It is a pacifist alternative to conscription and its goal is to improve the civil service, while also allowing youngsters to have an occupation and, at the same time, to contribute positively with their community and learn important social and professional skills. Ultimately, the Civic Service tries to promote a sense of civic pride and belonging, while also improving the quality of the Laedenian workforce and encouraging inclusiveness and group work.


Law & Order

Life Sentences

While Laeden does not adopt the capital punishment, life sentences are possible within its legal system. Such sanctions are regarded as advantageous, for they allow the State to have rigorous punishments, while also giving it the flexibility to correct itself in case of judicial mistakes. Such punishments are, naturally, exceedingly rare and reserved only for the most severe cases, and a life sentence necessarily needs to be endorsed by the Supreme Court before it can come to effect.

Usage of Genetic Material

The Laedenian government allows the forceful extraction of the genetic material of convicts in order to have a DNA database to facilitate investigations. While such measure has been criticized as a flexibilization of the right to body integrity, its benefits include the vast improvement of investigative efficiency, allowing the law enforcement to quickly identify the perpetrators of crime by testing organic evidence, such as hair strands or blood, and comparing it to the DNAs that are stored in the government's archives.

Questioning

One of the most controversial elements of Laeden's criminal procedure laws, the detainment for inquiry allows law enforcement agents to aprehend individuals for 24h in order to collect information or examine if they're involved in crimes. This practice has been considered as a barbaric violation to the citizenry basic freedoms by several law experts, and some courts have started to accept theories in that regard. On the other hand, the law enforcement remains adamant on the defense of the importance of such institute for investigations and elucidations of crime.

Gun Control

The acquisition of firearms is closely controlled by the government, who is responsible for assessing the applicants and issuing the permits. People who desire to purchase such weapons have to fill out several requirements, such as having no criminal record whatsoever, having a stable job and a fixed residency, displaying technical skills to handle and maintain the firearm and passing a rigorous psychological exam. Guns are heavily taxed, anyway, which make the legal acquisition an expensive affair. In any case, gun owners are prohibited from carrying it on the street, so they may only use their guns for home defense. While such measures have proved to be inefficient to disarm the organized crime, they have been quite successful at reducing the mortality rates coming from crimes of passion. The policy has also been important to prevent the possible dangers of having paramilitary organizations arming themselves, which would not be a very implausibe prospect considering the significantly collectivistic nature of Laeden's society.

Centralized Law Enforcement

While Municipalities, large urban conglomerates with special privileges, are allowed to create and manage their own local police departments, Laeden's largest and main law enforcement organization is the Gendarmerie, a nation-wide institute that fills the role of a police force and a national guard. Tasked with missions that range from patrolling small towns to intercept suspicious aircraft, boats and acting as shock police, the Gendarmerie is a very large and very important institution, that is almost a small army within itself. Commanding such an institution is, of course, a matter of great political prestige, so the Gendarmerie was quite often leaded by politically ambitious men. In the last few decades, however, it made a respectable effort in order to modernize and to readapt itself to the current challenges of public security and policework.


Economy

Agricultural Might

An important agricultural producer and exporter for the last two centuries, Laeden prides itself for its massive output, which is made possible by heavy investments in infrastructure, research and development, mechanization and qualification of its workforce. Laeden's agricultural production far exceeds the consumption of its population, and allows the nation to export to foreign markets with very competitive prices, making it the primary supplier of food for several nations, including Balnik, Yursea, Hyukai and many others. This, however, lead to an overspecialization of Laeden's economy, and other sectors suffer from the lack of investments, since the capital usually goes to the improvement of the nation's farms and fields.

Nuclear Power

The lack of natural energy sources in Laeden made the nation extremely dependent on foreign sources of power. Initially, this was solved by Plasminia and its enormous reserves of coal. When thermal energy was considered too inefficient and polluting, the Laedenian government decided to explore alternative forms of energy production. Solar and wind power were quickly explored, but their output proved to be incapable of completely providing for the needs of the increasingly urbanized and industrialized nation. Nuclear power was adopted, then, after a government procurement selected foreign companies that mastered the technology and technique of producing such kind of power. As a consequence, Laeden possesses a number of nuclear plants, which are not cheap to operate (especially because they require foreign companies to do so), but that produce enough power to meet the nation's needs. The high costs reflect on the prices of energy, however, making Laedenian consumers constantly wary of the energy bills.

Partial Gold Standard

While the vast majority of modern nations adopt legal tender currency and use US dollars as their primary reserves, Laeden decided to remain with a partial golden standard to its currency. While this somewhat limits government spending and makes the offer of credit more difficult, it also greatly reduces inflation, making the Laedenian currency, the Denarius (D$), a stable currency.

Developing Nation

Despite its major economic achievements in the last decades, Laeden is still a developing nation that has been unable to find a way out of the middle income trap. Some of the elements that contribute to Laeden's status as a developing nation are: a relatively low number of highly technological industries in the nation; an abundance of low income jobs; an excessive dependency on the export of commodities; restricted access to healthcare and to higher education; exceedingly high levels of crime and, to a lesser degree, of corruption; mediocre levels of productivity/work efficiency; and considerable socioeconomic inequality. While several policies have been enacted in order to curb those problems, their success rates vary considerably. Laeden is certainly rich and prosperous enough to be an important member of the international community and to provide the basic needs of its population, but there is still much work to be done in terms of social development before the nation achieves a developed status.

Income Disparity

Laeden remains a land of significant income disparity between the richest strata of the population and the ordinary people. While a prolonged period of economic prosperity allowed the middle class to thrive, eventually outnumbering the lower classes and becoming the large socioeconomic class in the country, a considerable portion of the population remains living in poverty. This issue relates to the relatively unskilled workforce and the low income jobs that are usually available to the poorest sections of the population. This socioeconomic division has notable repercussions in politics, while it also reflects in the nationís culture and social dynamics. The socioeconomic inequality has undesireable effects in the nationís economic growth and development, while also representing a major challenge to the government. It is closely related with other issues, such as crime, education, healthcare, social cohesion and political instability.


International

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Laeden openly admits to have Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in its arsenals. While the nation lacks the technical capabilities, and the financial means, to produce, maintain and operate nuclear weaponry, it keeps considerable amounts of chemical and biological weaponry in its reserves. The Laedenian military doctrine asserts that the WMDs are to be used exclusively in the event of the invasion of Laedenís sovereign territory, or in the imminence of such invasion. The mere possession of WMDs is considered, in itself, an important asset for the deterrence of possible invasions and aggressions against Laedenís mainland.

International Liberalism

Laeden is a firm believer in the liberal theory of the international relations, advocating for the creation of international organizations, the signing of multilateral agreements and the investment in the deepening of diplomatic ties as means to prevent wars and promoting a peaceful international order. Laedenís diplomatic doctrine emphasizes that peace is not a mere absence of conflict, but, rather, a state of things that allow disputes and conflicts to be settled by civilized means, preserving the integrity and the welfare of all parties envolved. Because of that, Laeden is eager to participate in international forums, congresses, meetings and negotiations, always promoting world peace while, at the same time, respecting other nationsí sovereignty. The national diplomatic doctrine also claims that democracies are less likely to fight one another, which is a guiding point in Laedenís foreign policy, as the nation strives to develop meaningful connections with other democratic countries.

Naval Might

Due to its geographical position as an insular nation, Laeden has always prioritized the Navy in its military spending. Laeden has a long and brilliant naval history, with several meaningful victories and achievements, of which itís very proud of. While the Navy was usually associated with the monarchic regime, which has been overthrown in the beginning of the 20th century, the naval tradition remains a significant part of Laedenís military thought, which is why the Navy continues to be the nationís primary armed force. Laeden has a strong, modern, well trained and well equipped Navy that can be categorized as a green water navy with some blue water capabilities. Laeden has a small but highly professional expeditionary infantry, the Marine Corps, along with numerous vessels meant to patrol the nationís coasts and preserve its sovereign territory. Laeden also has a limited, but relevant, capability of sending naval task forces to operate far from the countryís shore, effectively projecting its military power to long distances. Laeden is often involved in joint military exercises, most notably with Plasminia and Dormill and Stiura, and it has an exchange program that allows sea cadets from Hyukai to come and train in Laedenís prestigious Naval School, the training center that prepares its officer corps. The Laedenian Navy is also involved in fighting crime overseas, by capturing pirate ships and aprehending smugglers, while also patrolling major sea trade lanes and assisting in peacekeeping missions.

Commercial Focus

Due to its economic specialization, Laeden has greatly emphasized the construction of economic and commercial ties with other nations as a means to export its massive agricultural production and obtain other goods. One could say that Laeden is highly dependant of imports and that the fluctuations in foreign markets have significant impacts in Laedenís internal economy. While that is true, the fact that this arrangement allowed Laeden to conquer a very privileged spot in the regional economy, effectively monopolizing several agricultural markets, cannot be ignored either. This economic thought is one of the main drives of Laedenís foreign policy, especially in the last few years, since the Consul Gaspard díAlbignac enthusiastically seeked to initiate more commercial and economic relations with numerous other countries in order to allow Laedenís economy to thrive and prosper.

International Collaboration

Laedenís diplomacy cannot be interpreted as a mere interest in obtaining more consumer markets. The Laedenian state has a legitimate interest in constructing social, cultural, scientific and political ties with other nations that are deemed to be friendly. Some of the most prominent examples of this trend is Laedenís relations with Avaron, Ainslie, Uprea Plasminia, Dormill and Stiura and Martenyika, despite the regrettable conflicts with the latter. Laeden aspires to be a cultural and social influencer in the world stage, a goal that is not entirely disconnected with political and economic ambitions, but is also not entirely dependant on them. Laeden is also profoundly concerned with other topics that require diplomatic cooperation, such as the preservation of the environment, fighting international crime and engaging in scientific and technologic endeavors such as the joint space project with its partners, Uprea and Solaryia.


Original template by The brytish isles. Template is found here.
Read factbook

Suggestions, compliments and constructive criticism are encouraged. Non constructive criticism will be met with personal insults.

It is well written Laeden!

Wellsia wrote:Never mind my previous text, I didnít notice where your Senators have a fixed term of eight years, so there is a constance to your government so donít change anything about the Consul, I would suggest that one-fourth of the Senators are elected every 2 years, like the US Senate does. With the fixed terms of the legislature you have a Congressional system instead of a Parliamentary system.

Mine don't, but fyi Laeden

I'm debating abolishing democratic parties within the Assembly of the Commons (my defacto parliament); forcing all representatives to be independents. Campaign funds and representation during elections would be equally shared and paid for by the nation-state. The idea people it would allow for individuals to be able to more closely represent will of their 'constituents' and less likely to be swayed/forced into decisions by a party whip.

Interested to hear your thoughts.

Edit: Current state (albeit requiring some tweaks and translations):





Government and Politics
Political Bodies, Figures and Departments

Monitored and maintained by the Alteran Rheynn for National Statistics,
Alteran Council of Information and Secretary for the Reiltys Council, this
section of the GOV.ALT site gives quick, easy access to information and
services relating to political bodies, important figures and departments.

"Liberty is never unalienable; it must be redeemed regularly with the blood of patriots or it always vanishes.
Of all the so-called human rights that have ever been invented, liberty is least likely to be cheap and is never free of cost."
- Robert A. Heinlein (1907-1988)
Author and Political Essayist


Organisation

Legislative

Executive

Judicial


Reiltys
Primary Roles
- Creates and Designs New Laws
Represents
- The Will of the Majority
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


Confederal Court
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
- Scrutinizes Legal Decisions
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Assembly of the Commons
Primary Roles
- Scrutinizes and Approves Laws
- Acts as a Safeguard
Represents
- The Will of the Citizens
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Deputy Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


District Courts
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Reiltys Council


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    The Reiltys Council is, aside from the Strategos, the highest ranking political body in Altera, making the majority of the key decisions relating to laws, defence, the economy and foreign political and trade affairs,

    The Reiltys is made up of appointed members, known as Consuls and Praetors. A Praetor is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, leads and represents their particular Council. Consols are appointed by the Straegos and are generally considered the equivalent of a Special Advisor.

    Both Praetors and Consols generally are Technocrats, as they usually have work for the government in some capacity, but some Consols are increasingly selected from the Private Sector in a bid to further appease and represent the power of the corporations.


Strategos
Keith Ryansan (M)

@keithryansan


Deputy Strategos
Jacob Harrison (M)


Praetor for Foreign Affairs
Ginny Yi-Nu (F)

@itsginnyoclock


Praetor for Industry and Infrastructure
Myong Bedrose (F)

@bedrosemyong


Praetor for International Trade and Investment
Alexander Ross (M)


Praetor for Culture and Education
David Smithe (M)

@itsmedave


Praetor for Information
Harold Stonewall (M)


Praetor for Defence
Marcelo Q'Long (M)

@marceloqlong


Praetor for Agriculture and the Environment
Sylvia Covington (F)

@sylviacovington


Praetor for Welfare
Noel Klein (M)

@kleinster


Praetor for Customs and Commerce
Brinley Shaw (M)

@brinleyshaw


Hiarn Shansyleyr (Lord Chancellor)
Calypatrick Scott (F)

@calscotty


Praetor for Justice
Asmund Quark (M)

@aquark


lhiass Shansyleyr (Vice Chancellor)
Thormot Lyst (M)

@thormontlyst


Assembly of the Commons


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    The Assembly of the Commons - also known as the Commons Assembly - is the second ranking political body in Altera, second only to the collective powers of the Reiltys. In its actions, it acts as a de-facto Parliament within the nation, overseeing numerous responsibilities within the running of the nation.

    The Assembly of the Commons has two primary roles in its day-to-day functions. First and foremost, it is the responsibility of the Commons to scrutinize and approves laws which are made by the Reiltys. Secondly, it is the duty of the Commons to act as a safeguard against unlawful or "unnationalistic" actions of the Reiltys; to prevent the exploitation of the people it represents; the "Commoners" (i.e. the voters and inhabitants of the Confederation). The Commons Assembly's duty is to continue to represent the "Will of the Citizens" - which is represented by the elected members of the Assembly - as well as the Confederate Bill of Rights.

    The Assembly is made up of elected members, known as Delegates. A Delegate is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, deems themselves to be responsible and intelligent enough to represent the people. Although technically it does not need to be a civil servant, potential delegates usual come from a professional background, such as doctors, lawyers or academics. Similar to other democracies, Delegates are chosen to represent a local region every five years. During these elections, Delegates can choose to stand as a member of a democratic party, or as an independent. If successfully elected, their sole responsibility is to represent the people of their elected region - usually foregoing their previous employment.

    Only Citizens can vote or stand for election.


Government Departments


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    Nearly every aspect of Government control is monitored and controlled by bureaucratic bodies known as Rheynns. Many nations consider their "Department for ..." or "Ministry for ..." as their equivalent.

    Some of the most notable Rheynns include:

  • The Rheynn for Defence
    In charge of bureaucratic matters regarding military equipment, expenditure and costings

  • The Rheynn for Information
    Maintains and controls information produced and published by the government, such as awareness campaigns and minutes of government meetings

  • The Rheynn for National Statistics
    Collects, sorts and maintains a variety of statistics regarding all aspects of domestic, corporate and governmental life

  • The Rheynn for Culture and Education
    Oversees the implementation of educational policies and programmes to celebrate and boost cultural awareness

  • The Rheynn for Trade and Investment
    Negociates and maintains trade policies, laws and customs for both domestic and international trade

  • The Rheynn for Industry and Infrastructure
    Supports and allocates resources for the sponsoring of important industries and infrastructure projects; including water, communications, power and transportation

  • The Rheynn for Foreign Affairs
    Maintains embassies and consulates across the region and oversees the day-to-day activities of communications with foreign governments

    The most senior person in charge of each department is known as a Praetor. To become a Praetor, you must have served the department for a minimum of ten years, successfully apply and be selected for the role.

    Praetors oversee each department and decides the braod actions, decisions and focuses of their department.


Civilian and Citizenship


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    Since the Meritocracy Act in 1808, many aspects of life in the Alteran Confederacy, particularly in political life, have been based upon an increasing complex system of merit; which, in summary, amounts to any service to the state being rewarded with political status and political rights. In fact, the Confederation often referred to as a limited democracy, with aspects of a full-meritocracy in regard to full citizenship. Anyone born, living and/or working in the Confederation belong to one of two statuses: Civilian or Citizen.

    Right from birth or emigration to the Confederation, one automatically claims the rights of a Civilian. All Civilians are protected by, and subject to, Confederation Law and is protected by these rights both at home and abroad. All Civilians have the right to free speech, to live and work in the Confederation, are subject to taxation and are eligible to claim some suffrage; the Universal Basic Income. In order to be able to contribute to political life (which to most people, means the ability to vote and claim full/wider levels of suffrage), one has to contribute to the state and service to the country. However, Civilians are not permitted to take part in political life, are unable to vote or stand in elections. In recent years, laws have been passed to forbid Civilians from participating in political rallies, demonstrations and petitions to parliament, in a bid to further encourage civilians to seek citizenship. Whilst this has been seem as an unpopular move by political rights activists (mainly from abroad), many independent polls have indicated being seen as fair and just.

    In order to claim further political rights, one would have to gain full citizenship. Claiming full citizenship does not gain further civil rights - as everyone in the Confederation enjoys the same rights of free speech, religious freedoms and rights to assembly. Gaining full citizenship only technically grants access to political aspects of Confederation life. However, right from early childhood in schools, Citizenship is often referred to as the ultimate goal in life - to truly serve and contribute to the growth and prosperity of the nation. For many, gaining full citizenship is a highly sort after aspiration. In order to claim full citizenship, one has to have contributed greatly to the nation. For most, this usually means being employed in certain jobs and careers within the state system - usually in the Civil Service, Foreign Ministry, Military or state-run aspects of the Health and Education sectors. Civilians who pay Ͼ5,000 or more in taxation (which usual means anyone who earns beyond Ͼ75,000 per year) are able to claim Citizenship from 1982. Up until 2007, being a leader or holding a position in a prominent Union or corporation would also grant citizenship - however, this was halted as it was seen as an 'easy-way-in' for some more scrupulous members of society who would effectively be buying their Citizenship without truly contributing to the state.

    Whilst some nations criticise this style of political system, many in Altera are not persuaded by foreign media articles, which often focus on the 'negative' aspects of the system. For many, other forms of democracy are seen as inferior and encourage sloth-like behaviour. Universal Suffrage is deeply unpopular in the Confederation, with both Civilians and Citizens seeing such systems as enemies of motivation and national pride, whilst emboldening the "something-for-nothing" culture. As health insurance and education rates are relatively cheap throughout the nation, thanks to competition and laws preventing exploitation, Universal Suffrage is seen as an unnecessary aspect to Confederation life.

    Enforced since 1973, the 'Pre-Civilian' status was enacted by the Assembly after several petitions by hundreds of thousands of signatories. When one wishes to claim asylum in the Confederation, particularly for those fleeing political persecution or violence, potential civilians have to live and work (albeit whilst strictly and regularly monitored) in the Confederation for a year before being able to claim Civilian status for themselves and their family. During this period, they would only have the rights of refugee status - barring them from many jobs and basic suffrage. Civil rights activists claimed that it was degrading and did not encourage emigration to the country, particularly those who were wealthy and skilled. From 1973, successful refugees were given that new status during their initial 'trial' period in the Confederation, enabling them access to Civilian-status healthcare, education and assistance in finding employment.

    Only applied to exiled citizens/civilians and prisoners, the Civilian/Citizen Void status was introduced in 1891 and has changed little over the past century. This status grants no political rights to its holders and severely restricts civil rights. Holders of this status (commonly known as 'Void Status' or the 'Voids') are still protected and subject to Confederation Law, protecting their rights to a fair trial. However, their freedoms of speech, rights of assembly and similar rights are reduced or cut entirely. The void status has been carefully changed and moulded over the years in order to protect the prisoner's rights to a fair trial in a court of law. Once the prisoner has served their time, or has been issued with a Pardon (either Judicial, Assembly or Strategos Pardon), they are returned to Civilian status. Some terms-of-release usually bar ex-cons from being able to claim citizenship, either indefinitely or for a set period of times.


Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



Read factbook

Alteran Republics wrote:I'm debating abolishing democratic parties within the Assembly of the Commons (my defacto parliament); forcing all representatives to be independents. Campaign funds and representation during elections would be equally shared and paid for by the nation-state. The idea people it would allow for individuals to be able to more closely represent will of their 'constituents' and less likely to be swayed/forced into decisions by a party whip.

Interested to hear your thoughts.

Edit: Current state (albeit requiring some tweaks and translations):





Government and Politics
Political Bodies, Figures and Departments

Monitored and maintained by the Alteran Rheynn for National Statistics,
Alteran Council of Information and Secretary for the Reiltys Council, this
section of the GOV.ALT site gives quick, easy access to information and
services relating to political bodies, important figures and departments.

"Liberty is never unalienable; it must be redeemed regularly with the blood of patriots or it always vanishes.
Of all the so-called human rights that have ever been invented, liberty is least likely to be cheap and is never free of cost."
- Robert A. Heinlein (1907-1988)
Author and Political Essayist


Organisation

Legislative

Executive

Judicial


Reiltys
Primary Roles
- Creates and Designs New Laws
Represents
- The Will of the Majority
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


Confederal Court
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
- Scrutinizes Legal Decisions
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Assembly of the Commons
Primary Roles
- Scrutinizes and Approves Laws
- Acts as a Safeguard
Represents
- The Will of the Citizens
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Deputy Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


District Courts
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Reiltys Council


-
-
-
-
-
    The Reiltys Council is, aside from the Strategos, the highest ranking political body in Altera, making the majority of the key decisions relating to laws, defence, the economy and foreign political and trade affairs,

    The Reiltys is made up of appointed members, known as Consuls and Praetors. A Praetor is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, leads and represents their particular Council. Consols are appointed by the Straegos and are generally considered the equivalent of a Special Advisor.

    Both Praetors and Consols generally are Technocrats, as they usually have work for the government in some capacity, but some Consols are increasingly selected from the Private Sector in a bid to further appease and represent the power of the corporations.


Strategos
Keith Ryansan (M)

@keithryansan


Deputy Strategos
Jacob Harrison (M)


Praetor for Foreign Affairs
Ginny Yi-Nu (F)

@itsginnyoclock


Praetor for Industry and Infrastructure
Myong Bedrose (F)

@bedrosemyong


Praetor for International Trade and Investment
Alexander Ross (M)


Praetor for Culture and Education
David Smithe (M)

@itsmedave


Praetor for Information
Harold Stonewall (M)


Praetor for Defence
Marcelo Q'Long (M)

@marceloqlong


Praetor for Agriculture and the Environment
Sylvia Covington (F)

@sylviacovington


Praetor for Welfare
Noel Klein (M)

@kleinster


Praetor for Customs and Commerce
Brinley Shaw (M)

@brinleyshaw


Hiarn Shansyleyr (Lord Chancellor)
Calypatrick Scott (F)

@calscotty


Praetor for Justice
Asmund Quark (M)

@aquark


lhiass Shansyleyr (Vice Chancellor)
Thormot Lyst (M)

@thormontlyst


Assembly of the Commons


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    The Assembly of the Commons - also known as the Commons Assembly - is the second ranking political body in Altera, second only to the collective powers of the Reiltys. In its actions, it acts as a de-facto Parliament within the nation, overseeing numerous responsibilities within the running of the nation.

    The Assembly of the Commons has two primary roles in its day-to-day functions. First and foremost, it is the responsibility of the Commons to scrutinize and approves laws which are made by the Reiltys. Secondly, it is the duty of the Commons to act as a safeguard against unlawful or "unnationalistic" actions of the Reiltys; to prevent the exploitation of the people it represents; the "Commoners" (i.e. the voters and inhabitants of the Confederation). The Commons Assembly's duty is to continue to represent the "Will of the Citizens" - which is represented by the elected members of the Assembly - as well as the Confederate Bill of Rights.

    The Assembly is made up of elected members, known as Delegates. A Delegate is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, deems themselves to be responsible and intelligent enough to represent the people. Although technically it does not need to be a civil servant, potential delegates usual come from a professional background, such as doctors, lawyers or academics. Similar to other democracies, Delegates are chosen to represent a local region every five years. During these elections, Delegates can choose to stand as a member of a democratic party, or as an independent. If successfully elected, their sole responsibility is to represent the people of their elected region - usually foregoing their previous employment.

    Only Citizens can vote or stand for election.


Government Departments


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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Nearly every aspect of Government control is monitored and controlled by bureaucratic bodies known as Rheynns. Many nations consider their "Department for ..." or "Ministry for ..." as their equivalent.

    Some of the most notable Rheynns include:

  • The Rheynn for Defence
    In charge of bureaucratic matters regarding military equipment, expenditure and costings

  • The Rheynn for Information
    Maintains and controls information produced and published by the government, such as awareness campaigns and minutes of government meetings

  • The Rheynn for National Statistics
    Collects, sorts and maintains a variety of statistics regarding all aspects of domestic, corporate and governmental life

  • The Rheynn for Culture and Education
    Oversees the implementation of educational policies and programmes to celebrate and boost cultural awareness

  • The Rheynn for Trade and Investment
    Negociates and maintains trade policies, laws and customs for both domestic and international trade

  • The Rheynn for Industry and Infrastructure
    Supports and allocates resources for the sponsoring of important industries and infrastructure projects; including water, communications, power and transportation

  • The Rheynn for Foreign Affairs
    Maintains embassies and consulates across the region and oversees the day-to-day activities of communications with foreign governments

    The most senior person in charge of each department is known as a Praetor. To become a Praetor, you must have served the department for a minimum of ten years, successfully apply and be selected for the role.

    Praetors oversee each department and decides the braod actions, decisions and focuses of their department.


Civilian and Citizenship


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Since the Meritocracy Act in 1808, many aspects of life in the Alteran Confederacy, particularly in political life, have been based upon an increasing complex system of merit; which, in summary, amounts to any service to the state being rewarded with political status and political rights. In fact, the Confederation often referred to as a limited democracy, with aspects of a full-meritocracy in regard to full citizenship. Anyone born, living and/or working in the Confederation belong to one of two statuses: Civilian or Citizen.

    Right from birth or emigration to the Confederation, one automatically claims the rights of a Civilian. All Civilians are protected by, and subject to, Confederation Law and is protected by these rights both at home and abroad. All Civilians have the right to free speech, to live and work in the Confederation, are subject to taxation and are eligible to claim some suffrage; the Universal Basic Income. In order to be able to contribute to political life (which to most people, means the ability to vote and claim full/wider levels of suffrage), one has to contribute to the state and service to the country. However, Civilians are not permitted to take part in political life, are unable to vote or stand in elections. In recent years, laws have been passed to forbid Civilians from participating in political rallies, demonstrations and petitions to parliament, in a bid to further encourage civilians to seek citizenship. Whilst this has been seem as an unpopular move by political rights activists (mainly from abroad), many independent polls have indicated being seen as fair and just.

    In order to claim further political rights, one would have to gain full citizenship. Claiming full citizenship does not gain further civil rights - as everyone in the Confederation enjoys the same rights of free speech, religious freedoms and rights to assembly. Gaining full citizenship only technically grants access to political aspects of Confederation life. However, right from early childhood in schools, Citizenship is often referred to as the ultimate goal in life - to truly serve and contribute to the growth and prosperity of the nation. For many, gaining full citizenship is a highly sort after aspiration. In order to claim full citizenship, one has to have contributed greatly to the nation. For most, this usually means being employed in certain jobs and careers within the state system - usually in the Civil Service, Foreign Ministry, Military or state-run aspects of the Health and Education sectors. Civilians who pay Ͼ5,000 or more in taxation (which usual means anyone who earns beyond Ͼ75,000 per year) are able to claim Citizenship from 1982. Up until 2007, being a leader or holding a position in a prominent Union or corporation would also grant citizenship - however, this was halted as it was seen as an 'easy-way-in' for some more scrupulous members of society who would effectively be buying their Citizenship without truly contributing to the state.

    Whilst some nations criticise this style of political system, many in Altera are not persuaded by foreign media articles, which often focus on the 'negative' aspects of the system. For many, other forms of democracy are seen as inferior and encourage sloth-like behaviour. Universal Suffrage is deeply unpopular in the Confederation, with both Civilians and Citizens seeing such systems as enemies of motivation and national pride, whilst emboldening the "something-for-nothing" culture. As health insurance and education rates are relatively cheap throughout the nation, thanks to competition and laws preventing exploitation, Universal Suffrage is seen as an unnecessary aspect to Confederation life.

    Enforced since 1973, the 'Pre-Civilian' status was enacted by the Assembly after several petitions by hundreds of thousands of signatories. When one wishes to claim asylum in the Confederation, particularly for those fleeing political persecution or violence, potential civilians have to live and work (albeit whilst strictly and regularly monitored) in the Confederation for a year before being able to claim Civilian status for themselves and their family. During this period, they would only have the rights of refugee status - barring them from many jobs and basic suffrage. Civil rights activists claimed that it was degrading and did not encourage emigration to the country, particularly those who were wealthy and skilled. From 1973, successful refugees were given that new status during their initial 'trial' period in the Confederation, enabling them access to Civilian-status healthcare, education and assistance in finding employment.

    Only applied to exiled citizens/civilians and prisoners, the Civilian/Citizen Void status was introduced in 1891 and has changed little over the past century. This status grants no political rights to its holders and severely restricts civil rights. Holders of this status (commonly known as 'Void Status' or the 'Voids') are still protected and subject to Confederation Law, protecting their rights to a fair trial. However, their freedoms of speech, rights of assembly and similar rights are reduced or cut entirely. The void status has been carefully changed and moulded over the years in order to protect the prisoner's rights to a fair trial in a court of law. Once the prisoner has served their time, or has been issued with a Pardon (either Judicial, Assembly or Strategos Pardon), they are returned to Civilian status. Some terms-of-release usually bar ex-cons from being able to claim citizenship, either indefinitely or for a set period of times.


Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



Read factbook

I would like to say that this is the best way and the way it should be, unfortunately human nature and greed will still create unofficial parties, especially since the cost of getting elected will open up corruption as candidates will be looking for financial support and this rarely comes without a cost, also like minded assemblymen will give support to other like minded individuals creating informal training.

Alteran Republics wrote:The idea people it would allow for individuals to be able to more closely represent will of their 'constituents' and less likely to be swayed/forced into decisions by a party whip.

But what's the real reason?

If you don't want representatives forced into decisions by their party, abolish whipping/enforcing party discipline/whatever Altera calls it IC. So long as there is freedom of association, there will be parties, because people with similar interests will form them.

Giving whoever is in power control over the resources necessary for peaceful changes in power is an excellent way of ensuring they stay in power until violently removed. (I seem to recall some American politician once said something similar.) This may be the idea, of course.

Nordlaneke

what

Nordlaneke wrote:what

Feeling unusually eloquent today?

Nordlaneke wrote:what

Yes

Nordlaneke

Laeden wrote:Yes

no

Gaillimh ciarrai

Alteran Republics wrote:I'm debating abolishing democratic parties within the Assembly of the Commons (my defacto parliament); forcing all representatives to be independents. Campaign funds and representation during elections would be equally shared and paid for by the nation-state. The idea people it would allow for individuals to be able to more closely represent will of their 'constituents' and less likely to be swayed/forced into decisions by a party whip.

Interested to hear your thoughts.

Edit: Current state (albeit requiring some tweaks and translations):





Government and Politics
Political Bodies, Figures and Departments

Monitored and maintained by the Alteran Rheynn for National Statistics,
Alteran Council of Information and Secretary for the Reiltys Council, this
section of the GOV.ALT site gives quick, easy access to information and
services relating to political bodies, important figures and departments.

"Liberty is never unalienable; it must be redeemed regularly with the blood of patriots or it always vanishes.
Of all the so-called human rights that have ever been invented, liberty is least likely to be cheap and is never free of cost."
- Robert A. Heinlein (1907-1988)
Author and Political Essayist


Organisation

Legislative

Executive

Judicial


Reiltys
Primary Roles
- Creates and Designs New Laws
Represents
- The Will of the Majority
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


Confederal Court
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
- Scrutinizes Legal Decisions
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Assembly of the Commons
Primary Roles
- Scrutinizes and Approves Laws
- Acts as a Safeguard
Represents
- The Will of the Citizens
- The Confederate Bill of Rights


Deputy Strategos
Primary Roles
- Signing Bills into Law
- Proposing new laws
Represents
- The Nation
- The Majority


District Courts
Primary Roles
- Upholds the Law
Represents
- The Rule of Law


Reiltys Council


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    The Reiltys Council is, aside from the Strategos, the highest ranking political body in Altera, making the majority of the key decisions relating to laws, defence, the economy and foreign political and trade affairs,

    The Reiltys is made up of appointed members, known as Consuls and Praetors. A Praetor is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, leads and represents their particular Council. Consols are appointed by the Straegos and are generally considered the equivalent of a Special Advisor.

    Both Praetors and Consols generally are Technocrats, as they usually have work for the government in some capacity, but some Consols are increasingly selected from the Private Sector in a bid to further appease and represent the power of the corporations.


Strategos
Keith Ryansan (M)

@keithryansan


Deputy Strategos
Jacob Harrison (M)


Praetor for Foreign Affairs
Ginny Yi-Nu (F)

@itsginnyoclock


Praetor for Industry and Infrastructure
Myong Bedrose (F)

@bedrosemyong


Praetor for International Trade and Investment
Alexander Ross (M)


Praetor for Culture and Education
David Smithe (M)

@itsmedave


Praetor for Information
Harold Stonewall (M)


Praetor for Defence
Marcelo Q'Long (M)

@marceloqlong


Praetor for Agriculture and the Environment
Sylvia Covington (F)

@sylviacovington


Praetor for Welfare
Noel Klein (M)

@kleinster


Praetor for Customs and Commerce
Brinley Shaw (M)

@brinleyshaw


Hiarn Shansyleyr (Lord Chancellor)
Calypatrick Scott (F)

@calscotty


Praetor for Justice
Asmund Quark (M)

@aquark


lhiass Shansyleyr (Vice Chancellor)
Thormot Lyst (M)

@thormontlyst


Assembly of the Commons


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    The Assembly of the Commons - also known as the Commons Assembly - is the second ranking political body in Altera, second only to the collective powers of the Reiltys. In its actions, it acts as a de-facto Parliament within the nation, overseeing numerous responsibilities within the running of the nation.

    The Assembly of the Commons has two primary roles in its day-to-day functions. First and foremost, it is the responsibility of the Commons to scrutinize and approves laws which are made by the Reiltys. Secondly, it is the duty of the Commons to act as a safeguard against unlawful or "unnationalistic" actions of the Reiltys; to prevent the exploitation of the people it represents; the "Commoners" (i.e. the voters and inhabitants of the Confederation). The Commons Assembly's duty is to continue to represent the "Will of the Citizens" - which is represented by the elected members of the Assembly - as well as the Confederate Bill of Rights.

    The Assembly is made up of elected members, known as Delegates. A Delegate is usually a civil servant who, haven risen through the ranks of the civil service, deems themselves to be responsible and intelligent enough to represent the people. Although technically it does not need to be a civil servant, potential delegates usual come from a professional background, such as doctors, lawyers or academics. Similar to other democracies, Delegates are chosen to represent a local region every five years. During these elections, Delegates can choose to stand as a member of a democratic party, or as an independent. If successfully elected, their sole responsibility is to represent the people of their elected region - usually foregoing their previous employment.

    Only Citizens can vote or stand for election.


Government Departments


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    Nearly every aspect of Government control is monitored and controlled by bureaucratic bodies known as Rheynns. Many nations consider their "Department for ..." or "Ministry for ..." as their equivalent.

    Some of the most notable Rheynns include:

  • The Rheynn for Defence
    In charge of bureaucratic matters regarding military equipment, expenditure and costings

  • The Rheynn for Information
    Maintains and controls information produced and published by the government, such as awareness campaigns and minutes of government meetings

  • The Rheynn for National Statistics
    Collects, sorts and maintains a variety of statistics regarding all aspects of domestic, corporate and governmental life

  • The Rheynn for Culture and Education
    Oversees the implementation of educational policies and programmes to celebrate and boost cultural awareness

  • The Rheynn for Trade and Investment
    Negociates and maintains trade policies, laws and customs for both domestic and international trade

  • The Rheynn for Industry and Infrastructure
    Supports and allocates resources for the sponsoring of important industries and infrastructure projects; including water, communications, power and transportation

  • The Rheynn for Foreign Affairs
    Maintains embassies and consulates across the region and oversees the day-to-day activities of communications with foreign governments

    The most senior person in charge of each department is known as a Praetor. To become a Praetor, you must have served the department for a minimum of ten years, successfully apply and be selected for the role.

    Praetors oversee each department and decides the braod actions, decisions and focuses of their department.


Civilian and Citizenship


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    Since the Meritocracy Act in 1808, many aspects of life in the Alteran Confederacy, particularly in political life, have been based upon an increasing complex system of merit; which, in summary, amounts to any service to the state being rewarded with political status and political rights. In fact, the Confederation often referred to as a limited democracy, with aspects of a full-meritocracy in regard to full citizenship. Anyone born, living and/or working in the Confederation belong to one of two statuses: Civilian or Citizen.

    Right from birth or emigration to the Confederation, one automatically claims the rights of a Civilian. All Civilians are protected by, and subject to, Confederation Law and is protected by these rights both at home and abroad. All Civilians have the right to free speech, to live and work in the Confederation, are subject to taxation and are eligible to claim some suffrage; the Universal Basic Income. In order to be able to contribute to political life (which to most people, means the ability to vote and claim full/wider levels of suffrage), one has to contribute to the state and service to the country. However, Civilians are not permitted to take part in political life, are unable to vote or stand in elections. In recent years, laws have been passed to forbid Civilians from participating in political rallies, demonstrations and petitions to parliament, in a bid to further encourage civilians to seek citizenship. Whilst this has been seem as an unpopular move by political rights activists (mainly from abroad), many independent polls have indicated being seen as fair and just.

    In order to claim further political rights, one would have to gain full citizenship. Claiming full citizenship does not gain further civil rights - as everyone in the Confederation enjoys the same rights of free speech, religious freedoms and rights to assembly. Gaining full citizenship only technically grants access to political aspects of Confederation life. However, right from early childhood in schools, Citizenship is often referred to as the ultimate goal in life - to truly serve and contribute to the growth and prosperity of the nation. For many, gaining full citizenship is a highly sort after aspiration. In order to claim full citizenship, one has to have contributed greatly to the nation. For most, this usually means being employed in certain jobs and careers within the state system - usually in the Civil Service, Foreign Ministry, Military or state-run aspects of the Health and Education sectors. Civilians who pay Ͼ5,000 or more in taxation (which usual means anyone who earns beyond Ͼ75,000 per year) are able to claim Citizenship from 1982. Up until 2007, being a leader or holding a position in a prominent Union or corporation would also grant citizenship - however, this was halted as it was seen as an 'easy-way-in' for some more scrupulous members of society who would effectively be buying their Citizenship without truly contributing to the state.

    Whilst some nations criticise this style of political system, many in Altera are not persuaded by foreign media articles, which often focus on the 'negative' aspects of the system. For many, other forms of democracy are seen as inferior and encourage sloth-like behaviour. Universal Suffrage is deeply unpopular in the Confederation, with both Civilians and Citizens seeing such systems as enemies of motivation and national pride, whilst emboldening the "something-for-nothing" culture. As health insurance and education rates are relatively cheap throughout the nation, thanks to competition and laws preventing exploitation, Universal Suffrage is seen as an unnecessary aspect to Confederation life.

    Enforced since 1973, the 'Pre-Civilian' status was enacted by the Assembly after several petitions by hundreds of thousands of signatories. When one wishes to claim asylum in the Confederation, particularly for those fleeing political persecution or violence, potential civilians have to live and work (albeit whilst strictly and regularly monitored) in the Confederation for a year before being able to claim Civilian status for themselves and their family. During this period, they would only have the rights of refugee status - barring them from many jobs and basic suffrage. Civil rights activists claimed that it was degrading and did not encourage emigration to the country, particularly those who were wealthy and skilled. From 1973, successful refugees were given that new status during their initial 'trial' period in the Confederation, enabling them access to Civilian-status healthcare, education and assistance in finding employment.

    Only applied to exiled citizens/civilians and prisoners, the Civilian/Citizen Void status was introduced in 1891 and has changed little over the past century. This status grants no political rights to its holders and severely restricts civil rights. Holders of this status (commonly known as 'Void Status' or the 'Voids') are still protected and subject to Confederation Law, protecting their rights to a fair trial. However, their freedoms of speech, rights of assembly and similar rights are reduced or cut entirely. The void status has been carefully changed and moulded over the years in order to protect the prisoner's rights to a fair trial in a court of law. Once the prisoner has served their time, or has been issued with a Pardon (either Judicial, Assembly or Strategos Pardon), they are returned to Civilian status. Some terms-of-release usually bar ex-cons from being able to claim citizenship, either indefinitely or for a set period of times.


Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.



GOV.ALT service is designed and maintained by HORIZON Inc.
on behalf of the Alteran Council of Information, Altera.



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Well, the idea is sound, but with the cost of a campaign it means, that mostly rich people will get into the position of power. Either that or - if funds for campaigning will be budgeted - it could be abused.
You could think about doing an one-party-system where everyone should join if they are interested into doing politics, but that can be a slippery slope as well.

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