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Philippine Republic joins!

After the formation of the United Monatian Asian Federation among the Asian countries of Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, North Korea, Macau, andHong Kong, other Asian countries were willing to join the Federation in hopes to bolster their economy and defense. Further talks to discuss to unify with the republic and bring forth economic improvement. Several regional presidents and prime ministers of the Federation's member countries, including the emperor of Japan, to hold a meeting of their own to discuss with each other. The scheduled meeting to debate the topic of offering the Philippine president and its delegates the opportunity to join the Federation will start on October 12nd, 2020. 

October 12nd, 2020, 0945. A meeting in the Senator house of the Central Government. “Are you sure you want to expand rapidly like this, leaders? At this rate, we probably won’t be able to keep up with the demands of our citizens.” Questions the President of the UMAF.

“Yes.” Answers the Japanese Emperor. “This event is essential towards the growth of our Federation and having a strategic nation on our side will enable us to defend the entirety of SouthEast Asia.”

“It is paramount that we expand into SouthEast Asia to give them the economic and social development they really need.” Argues the President of Taiwan. 

“Yes, yes, I agree.” 

Everyone in the Central Government are discussing their support of the secession of the Philippine territories and into the Federation as a Member Country. 

“It has been decided! The request from the delegates of the Philippines shall be approved by the Government and the proposed meeting on October 2nd shall commence!” 

October 22nd, 2020. A number of delegates from the Philippines, including the president himself have arrived in a government building in Tokyo with each president from all member countries present to discuss the unification process and demands requested by both parties. The delegates list out a series of demands before seceding their territory.

The Philippines shall be given an honorary title as a Member country similar to the others

Be given an equal amount of government officials represented in the Central Government

Be given government subsidies to improve industries and economic commerce within the country

And also improve the military and defenses 

While the Federation demanded the following:

The Federation demands to station troops within the country to prepare against any possible invasion 

Demand the Philippine state government to create major reforms in the state’s economy and industry

The meeting took several hours, however an agreement has not yet been fully reached. The president offered another demand as the Philippine's president and it's cabinet found their proposal lacking to help the government and it's country fully develop its potential. They demanded to provide the nation the necessary subsidies if needed and gain the right to hold their own special projects and programs. The regional presidents of the UMAF, consult each other as a group, deciding whether to accept such demands. They gladly accept the final demand, only in one condition. If such a program or project completely threatens the sovereignty and/or National security of the Federation itself, then the necessary force to impede will be cast upon the soon to be member country. Although quite intimidated by the last few sentences of their response. Both parties finally agreed to each other's conditions and demands, signing the Treaty of Tokyo!

America JB wrote:

Survey results
19 Participants



Who do you support for Consul?
America JB (Freedom Party)- 52.6%
United Trev (United Independence Party)- 26.3%
Porto Verde (Progressive Party)- 21.1%
Other- 0%



Who do you support for Senate?
Freedom Party- 57.9%
Progressive Party- 21.1%
United Independence Party- 21.1%



Do you think TDR is headed in the right direction?
Yes- 78.9%
No- 21.1%



Do you approve of the Senate?
Yes- 63.2%
No- 36.8%



Do you approve of the Supreme Court?
Yes- 78.9%
No- 21.1%



Do you approve of the current Consul?
Yes- 47.4%
No- 52.6%



How do you feel about Treasury?
Good- 36.8%
Bad- 5.3%
Undecided- 57.9%


Read factbook

I really wish that more surveys are conducted like this. It’s informative and could also be useful for the government to address some issues the citizens have. Job well done

Flolina wrote:I really wish that more surveys are conducted like this. It’s informative and could also be useful for the government to address some issues the citizens have. Job well done

Thanks

Constitutional Amendment
All citizens please vote. You are eligible to vote if you have nation in TDR for at least a week and have a discord account In TDR discord

America JB wrote:Constitutional Amendment
All citizens please vote. You are eligible to vote if you have nation in TDR for at least a week and have a discord account In TDR discord

I see no where to vote ?

Panslavism

The Second Conference of Odesa

(Little Theme Music: https://youtu.be/n2RmJgs97Xs)

With the Germans pulling out of Ukraine the PRO requests a meeting with the largest of four factions who had formed in the nations. This group called themselves the Republic of Kyiv they had seized many of the military assets of the nation as well as a large swath along the Dnieper River using it as a buffer against the eastern groups who resided in Poltava and Donetsk each group claiming to be the true Ukrainian Government. The PRO decided on the ROK since thye were the biggest and the held the former nation's capital which gave them more of a claim than the others. The ROK agreed to the meeting in Odessa. This would be the second such meeting the last one being several decades ago during the second world war. The Supreme Leader of the PRO and the leaders of the ROK met in a conference room in the Hotel Otrada both sides brought guards as neither trusted the other groups not to sabotage the event.

The two greeted each other Supreme Leader Ivanenko shook hands with the Three leaders of the ROK and they began, the conference lasted for well over a week neither side leaving the room only having food brought to them when they needed it or if they had to use the water closet. Negotiations were tough and the ROK had to be brought around to the idea of PRO control at least until Ivanenko mentioned her vision for Panslavism then the ROK leaders took interest as it had been a dream for well over a century. Knowing she had these men around her finger she shared her vision of a united Slavic Republic ruled by Slavs for Slavs. The ROK leaders nearly signed the papers immediately however they had one stipulation that the PRO assist in uniting Ukraine under the PRO banner alongside the ROK.

Supreme Leader Ivanenko with a smile said. "With pleasure comrade, your enemy is my enemy. Together we will crush them under the tracks of our tanks and the treads of our tires and under our boot." She then extended her hand to the men and shook them again the two sides after several hours signed the papers that had drawn up and the ROK and its land officially became part of the PRO and in the next few years would work on defeating the other groups within Ukraine. Upon the return of the Supreme leader forces began to be allocated for the military campaign. The first who would be sent would be the PRODF 3rd army who would be the first sent to aid the new territory in securing the new PRO border additionally air units would also be moved into the area to support air units already there. Supplies and munitions were also to be moved into the area to support the ROK forces and the 3rd Army who would be moving out near the end of the month.

Yearly exchange program with the Golden Pacifica.

The three nations of the United Monatian Asian Federation, Golden Pacifica, and the Republic of Swanovia signed an agreement to commit to a yearly exchange program dedicated to improving each other’s tech industries in the fields of information, medical, electronics, and many others. The yearly cost of said program would surmount to a few million dollars, gathering top tech scientists and companies with equipment, food, and plane tickets to journey through each other’s nations and work for an extended amount of 4-8 months. Tech scientists and enthusiasts from Silicon valley located in California will be visiting the giant info tech industries located nearby the Capital city, Tokyo, called the 
東工大ホール (Tōkōdai horu), following several more companies that serves more into advancing civil technologies in energy, infrastructure, medical, biomedical, genetic engineering, and etc, located almost all over in Japan, the Koreas, Taiwan, Philippines, and Sakhalin. Meanwhile UMAF tech scientists and enthusiasts will be visiting the famed Silicon Valley, renowned for the amazing achievements and the Perthian Technologies Industries and Institutions in technological development for a similar duration of 4-8 months.

Palace of Prague, Czechoslovakiana

From her palace in Prague, Prime Minister Petra Ivor announced that the nation would embrace all languages spoken, and that the government will print documents in all national langues. PM Ivor also announced that she would be paying personally for renovations for Anzka House, her official city residence. The Prime Minister has many houses that are all very fancy, having belonged to nobility, royalty, and aristocracy before the state.

Czechoslovakiana wrote:Palace of Prague, Czechoslovakiana

From her palace in Prague, Prime Minister Petra Ivor announced that the nation would embrace all languages spoken, and that the government will print documents in all national langues. PM Ivor also announced that she would be paying personally for renovations for Anzka House, her official city residence. The Prime Minister has many houses that are all very fancy, having belonged to nobility, royalty, and aristocracy before the state.

Interested in joining the RP? Please join the discord for more information.

Operation SuperMarket

0500 Hours, Serengeti F.O.B

The rumbling of a helicopter engine on the pad is a magnificent sound, but the sound of a dozen of them is absolutely unforgettable. The Chinese military has involved itself in the Abyssinian - Tanzanian War due to the endless killings of the local populace on both sides of the conflict, and it is believed that only a strategically well-fought, quick and precise war is what will end the bloodshed. Operation SuperMarkets main objective would be the capture of the head strategist and leader of the Tanzanian Rebels, “Ombuku”.

Chinese National Army troops, flying via twelve helicopters would quickly take control of the fortress where Ombuku was staging his operations, just after a perfectly planned bombing run by a squadrons worth of Chengdu J-10’s. The J-10’s would perform bombing runs on the barracks, maintenance depot, and the hangars that housed attack helicopters and 1960’s Soviet attack aircraft.

The helicopters would move in to quickly encircle the inner fortress, with six securing the perimeter, four engaging the strategic command center, and two performing close-air-support. At 0530 Hours, the helicopters took off bristling with eager Chinese soldiers. This would be the first combat engagement of Chinese forces in over three years.

0730 hours

The first attack of Chengdu J-10’s strafed their designated targets, absolutely obliterating them with the use of several guided 1,000 pound bombs and cluster-rocket strafing runs. The helicopters were only two minutes away and the element of surprise had benefit the Chinese.

“快速!快速!快速!保護周邊!” Shouts platoon leader Qin Li as they prepare to breach the command center. “違反!違反!閃爍! (Breach! Breach! Flashing!)” The guards were still in shock over the bombing runs performed by the J-10’s, and were taken prisoner. Shouting could be heard up the stairs as the first squad of CNA soldiers charged up the stairs. The phased defenders put up little resistance and were either shot or taken prisoner.

Meanwhile on the outer perimeter, fighting was significantly more fierce. Rebel soldiers opened up with SMG fire across the camp, but this was suppressed by the two helicopters providing close air support.

It was roughly 0745 Hours when the CNA soldiers in the command center had reached Ombuku’s command room, which was the most heavily guarded area of the building. “閃!閃!(Flash! Flash!)” Soldiers barged into the room seconds after the flash had exploded, and gunned down all of the guards. Ombuku was captured, phased by the flash. At 0800 Hours, the soldiers had been airlifted out of the fortress, and by 0815 Hours, the operation was marked as a success.

At 0900 Hours, it was released to the world that China had captured the man responsible for the Abyssinian-Tanzanian Civil War. He was extradited to China, to prevent any incursions by the Abyssinnians and he will be interrogated in Nanking.

Dear fellow Citizens

As the 15th Amendment is getting ratified in the upcoming hours of this day, we must continue, like we did here, to cherish the routines of elections to promote more political competition to make sure that all votes are heard. What changed you might ask? Before the Consul had no term and served until a select few people in a branch of government decided if it was time for a new Consul. Now. the Consul serves for 30 days then after that, the Senate may vote to hold early elections. The Consulship elections will automatically be held 90 days in the term of the Consul.

Development of different ropes and fabrics

While new compounds were discovered, various other existing textile fabrics were improved with greater ductility and durability, primarily used in the medical industry, civil, and military construction projects. Scientists have found a wide resource of the new compound fabric, now designated as Escalidi CF, from a plant called Esclediahga Promini. The plant contained special cells which creates the fiber of the plant’s amazing ductility performances, marveled by its new found strength. Multiple plantations to produce more of the Escalidi CF were then established in Luzon, Mindanao, and a few islands within the Visayas region, transported in a large utility ship to the port of Manila to be shipped to Thailand, India, and Bangladesh. Where mass production of the new fabric will be initiated and processed into several different products to be utilized for peaceful and infrastructure purposes. New ECF entwined groups of ropes into a larger and stronger compounds, therefore increasing its ductility strength even greater. The new fabric will also be issued to the Administration of the National Medical Research and Development for distribution to public and private medical tech companies to now be used and developed for antibacterial use and to replace the outdated HSF fabric still being used in civilian and military hospitals and smaller medical facilities across the nation. The Escalidi CF will now be used to create a new batch of self repairing, extremely durable, and man portable stretchers. Antibacterial ECF suits were also issued to be mandatorily used by the Ministry of Sanitary Health and Central Government by all hospitals and healthcare facilities, applying towards doctors, nurses, all surgeons of each type, as well as visitors and patients. Other regular fabrics including cotton, silk, etc, were also further enhanced of its ductility, integrating cheap methods to effectively transform its compounds.

Said products above will be mass produced and will be available in the international market for a low price range, although licenses will not be for sale and unauthorized production of UMAF originated and designed products will be met with fierce repercussions. 

Info tech development (computer advancements - Quantum Computers).

One of the Federation's advanced info tech industries with the essential herculean efforts from Pacifican and Swanoviam exchange scientists helping in UMAF's progress to develop the first ever Quantum computer technologies, as well as other technologies that would help the nation to advance with better and more reliant energy, as well as in defensive capabilities. But for now, the emphasis of the new project, subsidized by the regional government of Japan, is to further improve the capabilities of computing technology. By subsidizing the tech industry and its giant companies with 1 billion ASEAN dollars, a good start was achieved that would increase its progress towards completion in the next decade or three. As a result, many top universities both private and public have begun to adopt Quantum Computing courses to help bring bright minds into further developing Quantum technologies. With the purchasing of existing quantum computing devices, the project seeks to further advance the tech into the regular computers we use today or something better.

Quantum computing is the use of quantum-mechanical phenomena such as superposition and entanglement to perform computation. A quantum computer is used to perform such computation, which can be implemented theoretically or physically.:I-5

The Bloch sphere is a representation of a qubit, the fundamental building block of quantum computers.
The field of quantum computing is actually a sub-field of quantum information science, which includes quantum cryptography and quantum communication. Quantum computing was started in the early 1980s when UMAF physicist Ishaga Askuidotrotz proposed the first quantum mechanical model of the Turing machine. Aisha Britzi and Yuraga Lee then expressed the idea that a quantum computer has the potential to simulate things that a classical computer could not.  In 1994, Ishaga published an algorithm that is able to efficiently solve some problems that are used in asymmetric cryptography that are considered hard for classical computers.

There are currently two main approaches to physically implementing a quantum computer: analog and digital. Analog approaches are further divided into quantum simulation, quantum annealing, and adiabatic quantum computation. Digital quantum computers use quantum logic gates to do computation. Both approaches use quantum bits or qubits.:2-13

Qubits are fundamental to quantum computing and are somewhat analogous to bits in a classical computer. Qubits can be in a 1 or 0 quantum state. But they can also be in a superposition of the 1 and 0 states. However, when qubits are measured the result is always either a 0 or a 1; the probabilities of the two outcomes depends on the quantum state they were in.

Today's physical quantum computers are very noisy and quantum error correction is a burgeoning field of research. Existing hardware is so noisy that "fault-tolerant quantum computing [is] still a rather distant dream". As of April 2019, no large scalable quantum hardware has been demonstrated, nor have commercially useful algorithms been published for today's small, noisy quantum computers. There is an increasing amount of investment in quantum computing by governments, established companies, and start-ups. Both applications of near-term intermediate-scale device and the demonstration of quantum supremacy are actively pursued in academic and industrial research.

Basics
A classical computer has a memory made up of bits, where each bit is represented by either a one or a zero. A quantum computer, on the other hand, maintains a sequence of qubits, which can represent a one, a zero, or any quantum superposition of those two qubit states;:13–16 a pair of qubits can be in any quantum superposition of 4 states,:16 and three qubits in any superposition of 8 states. In general, a quantum computer with {\displaystyle n} qubits can be in any superposition of up to {\displaystyle 2^{n}} different states.:17 (This compares to a normal computer that can only be in one of these {\displaystyle 2^{n}} states at any one time).

A quantum computer operates on its qubits using quantum gates and measurement (which also alters the observed state). An algorithm is composed of a fixed sequence of quantum logic gates and a problem is encoded by setting the initial values of the qubits, similar to how a classical computer work. The calculation usually ends with a measurement, collapsing the system of qubits into one of the {\displaystyle 2^{n}} eigenstates, where each qubit is zero or one, decomposing into a classical state. The outcome can, therefore, be at most {\displaystyle n} classical bits of information. If the algorithm did not end with a measurement, the result is an unobserved quantum state. (Such unobserved states may be sent to other computers as part of distributed quantum algorithms.)

Quantum algorithms are often probabilistic, in that they provide the correct solution only with a certain known probability. The term non-deterministic computing must not be used in that case to mean probabilistic (computing) because the term non-deterministic has a different meaning in computer science.

An example of an implementation of qubits of a quantum computer could start with the use of particles with two spin states: "down" and "up" (typically written {\displaystyle |{\downarrow }\rangle } and {\displaystyle |{\uparrow }\rangle } , or {\displaystyle |0{\rangle }} and {\displaystyle |1{\rangle }} ). This is true because any such system can be mapped onto an effective spin-1/2 system.

Principles of operation

This section includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2018)
A quantum computer with a given number of qubits is fundamentally different from a classical computer composed of the same number of classical bits. For example, representing the state of an n-qubit system on a classical computer requires the storage of 2n complex coefficients, while to characterize the state of a classical n-bit system it is sufficient to provide the values of the n bits, that is, only n numbers. Although this fact may seem to indicate that qubits can hold exponentially more information than their classical counterparts, care must be taken not to overlook the fact that the qubits are only in a probabilistic superposition of all of their states. This means that when the final state of the qubits is measured, they will only be found in one of the possible configurations they were in before the measurement. It is generally incorrect to think of a system of qubits as being in one particular state before the measurement. The qubits are in a superposition of states before any measurement is made, which directly affects the possible outcomes of the computation.

Qubits are made up of controlled particles and the means of control (e.g. devices that trap particles and switch them from one state to another).
To better understand this point, consider a classical computer that operates on a three-bit register. If the exact state of the register at a given time is not known, it can be described as a probability distribution over the {\displaystyle 2^{3}=8} different three-bit strings 000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110, and 111. If there is no uncertainty over its state, then it is in exactly one of these states with probability 1. However, if it is a probabilistic computer, then there is a possibility of it being in any one of a number of different states.

The state of a three-qubit quantum computer is similarly described by an eight-dimensional vector {\displaystyle (a_{0},a_{1},a_{2},a_{3},a_{4},a_{5},a_{6},a_{7})} (or a one-dimensional vector with each vector node holding the amplitude and the state as the bit string of qubits). Here, however, the coefficients {\displaystyle a_{i}} are complex numbers, and it is the sum of the squares of the coefficients' absolute values, {\displaystyle \sum _{i}|a_{i}|^{2}} , that must equal 1. For each {\displaystyle i} , the absolute value squared {\displaystyle \left|a_{i}\right|^{2}} gives the probability of the system being found in the {\displaystyle i} -th state after a measurement. However, because a complex number encodes not just a magnitude but also a direction in the complex plane, the phase difference between any two coefficients (states) represents a meaningful parameter. This is a fundamental difference between quantum computing and probabilistic classical computing.

If you measure the three qubits, you will observe a three-bit string. The probability of measuring a given string is the squared magnitude of that string's coefficient (i.e., the probability of measuring 000 = {\displaystyle |a_{0}|^{2}} , the probability of measuring 001 = {\displaystyle |a_{1}|^{2}} , etc.). Thus, measuring a quantum state described by complex coefficients {\displaystyle (a_{0},a_{1},a_{2},a_{3},a_{4},a_{5},a_{6},a_{7})} gives the classical probability distribution {\displaystyle (|a_{0}|^{2},|a_{1}|^{2},|a_{2}|^{2},|a_{3}|^{2},|a_{4}|^{2},|a_{5}|^{2},|a_{6}|^{2},|a_{7}|^{2})} and we say that the quantum state "collapses" to a classical state as a result of making the measurement.

An eight-dimensional vector can be specified in many different ways depending on what basis is chosen for the space. The basis of bit strings (e.g., 000, 001, …, 111) is known as the computational basis. Other possible bases are unit-length, orthogonal vectors and the eigenvectors of the Pauli-x operator. Ket notation is often used to make the choice of basis explicit. For example, the state {\displaystyle (a_{0},a_{1},a_{2},a_{3},a_{4},a_{5},a_{6},a_{7})} in the computational basis can be written as:

{\displaystyle a_{0}\,|000\rangle +a_{1}\,|001\rangle +a_{2}\,|010\rangle +a_{3}\,|011\rangle +a_{4}\,|100\rangle +a_{5}\,|101\rangle +a_{6}\,|110\rangle +a_{7}\,|111\rangle }
where, e.g., {\displaystyle |010\rangle =\left(0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0\right)}
The computational basis for a single qubit (two dimensions) is {\displaystyle |0\rangle =\left(1,0\right)} and {\displaystyle |1\rangle =\left(0,1\right)} .

Using the eigenvectors of the Pauli-x operator, a single qubit is {\displaystyle |+\rangle ={\tfrac {1}{\sqrt {2}}}\left(1,1\right)} and {\displaystyle |-\rangle ={\tfrac {1}{\sqrt {2}}}\left(1,-1\right)} .

Operation

Is a universal quantum computer sufficient to efficiently simulate an arbitrary physical system?
(more unsolved problems in physics)
While a classical 3-bit state and a quantum 3-qubit state are each eight-dimensional vectors, they are manipulated quite differently for classical or quantum computation. For computing in either case, the system must be initialized, for example into the all-zeros string, {\displaystyle |000\rangle } , corresponding to the vector (1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0). In classical randomized computation, the system evolves according to the application of stochastic matrices, which preserve that the probabilities add up to one (i.e., preserve the L1 norm). In quantum computation, on the other hand, allowed operations are unitary matrices, which are effectively rotations (they preserve that the sum of the squares add up to one, the Euclidean or L2 norm). (Exactly what unitaries can be applied depend on the physics of the quantum device.) Consequently, since rotations can be undone by rotating backward, quantum computations are reversible. (Technically, quantum operations can be probabilistic combinations of unitaries, so quantum computation really does generalize classical computation. See quantum circuit for a more precise formulation.)

Finally, upon termination of the algorithm, the result needs to be read off. In the case of a classical computer, we sample from the probability distribution on the three-bit register to obtain one definite three-bit string, say 000. Quantum mechanically, one measures the three-qubit state, which is equivalent to collapsing the quantum state down to a classical distribution (with the coefficients in the classical state being the squared magnitudes of the coefficients for the quantum state, as described above), followed by sampling from that distribution. This destroys the original quantum state. Many algorithms will only give the correct answer with a certain probability. However, by repeatedly initializing, running and measuring the quantum computer's results, the probability of getting the correct answer can be increased. In contrast, counterfactual quantum computation allows the correct answer to be inferred when the quantum computer is not actually running in a technical sense, though earlier initialization and frequent measurements are part of the counterfactual computation protocol.

For more details on the sequences of operations used for various quantum algorithms, see universal quantum computer, Shor's algorithm, Grover's algorithm, Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm, amplitude amplification, quantum Fourier transform, quantum gate, quantum adiabatic algorithm and quantum error correction.

Potential

Cryptography

Integer factorization, which underpins the security of public key cryptographic systems, is believed to be computationally infeasible with an ordinary computer for large integers if they are the product of few prime numbers (e.g., products of two 300-digit primes). By comparison, a quantum computer could efficiently solve this problem using Shor's algorithm to find its factors. This ability would allow a quantum computer to break many of the cryptographic systems in use today, in the sense that there would be a polynomial time (in the number of digits of the integer) algorithm for solving the problem. In particular, most of the popular public key ciphers are based on the difficulty of factoring integers or the discrete logarithm problem, both of which can be solved by Shor's algorithm. In particular, the RSA, Diffie–Hellman, and elliptic curve Diffie–Hellman algorithms could be broken. These are used to protect secure Web pages, encrypted email, and many other types of data. Breaking these would have significant ramifications for electronic privacy and security.

However, other cryptographic algorithms do not appear to be broken by those algorithms. Some public-key algorithms are based on problems other than the integer factorization and discrete logarithm problems to which Shor's algorithm applies, like the McEliece cryptosystem based on a problem in coding theory. Lattice-based cryptosystems are also not known to be broken by quantum computers, and finding a polynomial time algorithm for solving the dihedral hidden subgroup problem, which would break many lattice based cryptosystems, is a well-studied open problem. It has been proven that applying Grover's algorithm to break a symmetric (secret key) algorithm by brute force requires time equal to roughly 2n/2 invocations of the underlying cryptographic algorithm, compared with roughly 2n in the classical case, meaning that symmetric key lengths are effectively halved: AES-256 would have the same security against an attack using Grover's algorithm that AES-128 has against classical brute-force search (see Key size). Quantum cryptography could potentially fulfill some of the functions of public key cryptography. Quantum-based cryptographic systems could, therefore, be more secure than traditional systems against quantum hacking.

Quantum search
Besides factorization and discrete logarithms, quantum algorithms offering a more than polynomial speedup over the best known classical algorithm have been found for several problems, including the simulation of quantum physical processes from chemistry and solid state physics, the approximation of Jones polynomials, and solving Pell's equation. No mathematical proof has been found that shows that an equally fast classical algorithm cannot be discovered, although this is considered unlikely. However, quantum computers offer polynomial speedup for some problems. The most well-known example of this is quantum database search, which can be solved by Grover's algorithm using quadratically fewer queries to the database than that are required by classical algorithms. In this case, the advantage is not only provable but also optimal, it has been shown that Grover's algorithm gives the maximal possible probability of finding the desired element for any number of oracle lookups. Several other examples of provable quantum speedups for query problems have subsequently been discovered, such as for finding collisions in two-to-one functions and evaluating NAND trees.

Problems that can be addressed with Grover's algorithm have the following properties:

There is no searchable structure in the collection of possible answers,
The number of possible answers to check is the same as the number of inputs to the algorithm, and
There exists a boolean function which evaluates each input and determines whether it is the correct answer
For problems with all these properties, the running time of Grover's algorithm on a quantum computer will scale as the square root of the number of inputs (or elements in the database), as opposed to the linear scaling of classical algorithms. A general class of problems to which Grover's algorithm can be applied is Boolean satisfiability problem. In this instance, the database through which the algorithm is iterating is that of all possible answers. An example (and possible) application of this is a password cracker that attempts to guess the password or secret key for an encrypted file or system. Symmetric ciphers such as Triple DES and AES are particularly vulnerable to this kind of attack. This application of quantum computing is a major interest of government agencies.

Quantum simulation
Since chemistry and nanotechnology rely on understanding quantum systems, and such systems are impossible to simulate in an efficient manner classically, many believe quantum simulation will be one of the most important applications of quantum computing. Quantum simulation could also be used to simulate the behavior of atoms and particles at unusual conditions such as the reactions inside a collider.

Quantum annealing and adiabatic optimization
Quantum annealing or Adiabatic quantum computation relies on the adiabatic theorem to undertake calculations. A system is placed in the ground state for a simple Hamiltonian, which is slowly evolved to a more complicated Hamiltonian whose ground state represents the solution to the problem in question. The adiabatic theorem states that if the evolution is slow enough the system will stay in its ground state at all times through the process.

Solving linear equations
The Quantum algorithm for linear systems of equations or "HHL Algorithm", named after its discoverers Harrow, Hasidim, and Lloyd, is expected to provide speedup over classical counterparts.

Advanced ABM Guidance Systems.

As a joint effort between 4 nations to build Anti-Ballistic Missiles, providing invaluable defense against potential nuclear missile strikes, the United Monatian Asian Federation also joins in this pact to provide development of advanced missile guidance systems, to be outfitted within the ABM systems. Such work and experiences gained from the joint project would also be used to develop the nation's future missile technologies. An approximate of a few billion dollars is funded to start the creation of the AGS MD series, and immediately shipped to the Western Australia and into the capital city of Perth of the Swanovian Republic. In the year 2020, Project Sky Eye officially commences in Japan, Koreas, and Taiwan. 

The details of project is listed below.

Radar homing
Active homing
active radar homing
Active homing uses a radar system on the missile to provide a guidance signal. Typically, electronics in the missile keep the radar pointed directly at the target, and the missile then looks at this "angle" of its own centerline to guide itself. Radar resolution is based on the size of the antenna, so in a smaller missile these systems are useful for attacking only large targets, ships or large bombers for instance. Active radar systems remain in widespread use in anti-shipping missiles, and in "fire-and-forget" air-to-air missile systems such as AIM-120 AMRAAM and R-77

Semi-active homing
Main article: Semi-active radar homing
Semi-active homing systems combine a passive radar receiver on the missile with a separate targeting radar that "illuminates" the target. Since the missile is typically being launched after the target was detected using a powerful radar system, it makes sense to use that same radar system to track the target, thereby avoiding problems with resolution or power, and reducing the weight of the missile. Semi-active radar homing (SARH) is by far the most common "all weather" guidance solution for anti-aircraft systems, both ground- and air-launched.

It has the disadvantage for air-launched systems that the launch aircraft must keep moving towards the target in order to maintain radar and guidance lock. This has the potential to bring the aircraft within range of shorter-ranged IR-guided (infrared-guided) missile systems. It is an important consideration now that "all aspect" IR missiles are capable of "kills" from head on, something which did not prevail in the early days of guided missiles. For ships and mobile or fixed ground-based systems, this is irrelevant as the speed (and often size) of the launch platform precludes "running away" from the target or opening the range so as to make the enemy attack fail.

SALH is similar to SARH but uses a laser as a signal. Another difference is that most laser-guided weapons employ a turret-mounted laser designator which increases the launching aircraft's ability to maneuver after launch. How much maneuvering can be done by the guiding aircraft will depend on the turret field of view and the system's ability to maintain a lock-on while maneuvering. As most air-launched, laser-guided munitions are employed against surface targets the designator providing the guidance to the missile need not be the launching aircraft; designation can be provided by another aircraft or by a completely separate source (frequently troops on the ground equipped with the appropriate laser designator).

Passive homing
passive radar
Infrared homing is a passive system that homes in on the heat generated by the target. Typically used in the anti-aircraft role to track the heat of jet engines, it has also been used in the anti-vehicle role with some success. This means of guidance is sometimes also referred to as "heat seeking".

Contrast seekers use a television camera, typically black and white, to image a field of view in front of the missile, which is presented to the operator. When launched, the electronics in the missile look for the spot on the image where the contrast changes the fastest, both vertically and horizontally, and then attempts to keep that spot at a constant location in its view. Contrast seekers have been used for air-to-ground missiles, including the AGM-65 Maverick, because most ground targets can be distinguished only by visual means. However they rely on there being strong contrast changes to track, and even traditional camouflage can render them unable to "lock on".

Retransmission homing
Track-via-missile
Retransmission homing, also called Track Via Missile or TVM, is a hybrid between command guidance, semi-active radar homing and active radar homing. The missile picks up radiation broadcast by the tracking radar, which bounces off the target and relays it to the tracking station, which relays commands back to the missile.

The guidance computer and the missile tracker are located in the missile. The lack of target tracking in GOLIS necessarily implies Navigational Guidance.

Navigational guidance is any type of guidance executed by a system without a target tracker. The other two units are on board the missile. These systems are also known as self-contained guidance systems; however, they are not always entirely autonomous due to the missile trackers used. They are subdivided by their missile tracker's function as follows:

Entirely autonomous - Systems where the missile tracker does not depend on any external navigation source, and can be divided into:
Inertial Guidance
With Gimballed gyrostabilized platform or Fluid-suspended gyrostabilized platform
With Strapdown inertial guidance
Preset Guidance
Dependent on natural sources - Navigational guidance systems where the missile tracker depends on a natural external source:
Celestial Guidance
Astro-inertial guidance
Terrestrial Guidance
Topographic Reconnaissance (Ex: TERCOM)
Photographic Reconnaissance (Ex: DSMAC)
Magnetic guidance
Dependent on artificial sources - Navigational guidance systems where the missile tracker depends on an artificial external source:
Satellite Navigation
Global Positioning System (GPS)
GLObal NAvigation Satellite System (GLONASS)
Hyperbolic Navigation
DECCA
LORAN C

Inertial guidance

Inspection of MM III missile guidance system
Inertial Guidance uses sensitive measurement devices to calculate the location of the missile due to the acceleration put on it after leaving a known position. Early mechanical systems were not very accurate, and required some sort of external adjustment to allow them to hit targets even the size of a city. Modern systems use solid state ring laser gyros that are accurate to within metres over ranges of 10,000 km, and no longer require additional inputs. Gyroscope development has culminated in the AIRS found on the MX missile, allowing for an accuracy of less than 100m at intercontinental ranges. Many civilian aircraft use inertial guidance using the ring laser gyroscope, which is less accurate than the mechanical systems found in ICBMs, but which provide an inexpensive means of attaining a fairly accurate fix on location (when most airliners such as Boeing's 707 and 747 were designed, GPS was not the widely commercially available means of tracking that it is today). Today guided weapons can use a combination of INS, GPS and radar terrain mapping to achieve extremely high levels of accuracy such as that found in modern cruise missiles.

Inertial guidance is most favored for the initial guidance and reentry vehicles of strategic missiles, because it has no external signal and cannot be jammed. Additionally, the relatively low precision of this guidance method is less of an issue for large nuclear warheads.

Astro-inertial guidance
Inertial navigation system and Celestial navigation
The astro-inertial guidance is a sensor fusion/information fusion of the inertial guidance and celestial navigation. It is usually employed on submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Unlike silo-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, whose launch point does not move and thus can serve as a reference, SLBMs are launched from moving submarines, which complicates the necessary navigational calculations and increases Circular error probable. This stellar-inertial guidance is used to correct small position and velocity errors that result from launch condition uncertainties due to errors in the submarine navigation system and errors that may have accumulated in the guidance system during the flight due to imperfect instrument calibration.

It uses star positioning to fine-tune the accuracy of the inertial guidance system after launch. As the accuracy of a missile is dependent upon the guidance system knowing the exact position of the missile at any given moment during its flight, the fact that stars are a fixed reference point from which to calculate that position makes this a potentially very effective means of improving accuracy.

In the Trident missile system this was achieved by a single camera that was trained to spot just one star in its expected position if it was not quite aligned to where it should be then this would indicate that the inertial system was not precisely on target and a correction would be made.

Terrestrial guidance
TERCOM and TERCOM § DSMC
TERCOM, for "terrain contour matching", uses altitude maps of the strip of land from the launch site to the target, and compares them with information from a radar altimeter on board. More sophisticated TERCOM systems allow the missile to fly a complex route over a full 3D map, instead of flying directly to the target. TERCOM is the typical system for cruise missile guidance, but is being supplanted by GPS systems and by DSMAC, Digital Scene-Matching Area Correlator, which employs a camera to view an area of land, digitizes the view, and compares it to stored scenes in an onboard computer to guide the missile to its target.

DSMAC is reputed to be so lacking in robustness that destruction of prominent buildings marked in the system's internal map (such as by a preceding cruise missile) upsets its navigation.

**The joint project, now the UMAF's biggest defense weapon industry, Aegear DEFCOM, taking on the leading challenges of the project. To tackle the AGS various methods to intercept and destroy ICBMs. Details listed down below.**

Boost phase
Intercepting the missile while its rocket motors are firing, usually over the launch territory (e.g., American aircraft-mounted laser weapon Boeing YAL-1 [program canceled]).

Advantages:

Bright, hot rocket exhaust makes detection and targeting easier.
Decoys cannot be used during the boost phase.
At this stage, the missile is full of flammable propellant, which makes it very vulnerable to explosive warheads.
Disadvantages:

Difficult to geographically position interceptors to intercept missiles in boost phase (not always possible without flying over hostile territory).
Short time for intercept (typically about 180 seconds).
Mid-course phase
Intercepting the missile in space after the rocket burns out (example: American Ground-Based Midcourse Defense (GMD), Chinese SC-19 & DN-series missiles, Israeli Arrow 3 missile).

Advantages:

Extended decision/intercept time (the coast period through space before reentering the atmosphere can be several minutes, up to 20 minutes for an ICBM).
Very large geographic defensive coverage; potentially continental.
Disadvantages:

Requires large, heavy anti-ballistic missiles and sophisticated powerful radar which must often be augmented by space-based sensors.
Must handle potential space-based decoys.
Terminal phase
Intercepting the missile after it reenters the atmosphere (examples: American Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System, Chinese HQ-29, American THAAD, American Sprint, Russian ABM-3 Gazelle)

Advantages:

Smaller, lighter anti-ballistic missile is sufficient.
Balloon decoys do not work during reentry.
Smaller, less sophisticated radar required.
Disadvantages:

Very short intercept time, possibly less than 30 seconds.
Less defended geographic coverage.
Possible blanketing of target area with hazardous materials in the case of detonation of nuclear warhead(s).
Intercept location relative to the atmosphere
Missile defense can take place either inside (endoatmospheric) or outside (exoatmospheric) the Earth's atmosphere. The trajectory of most ballistic missiles takes them inside and outside the Earth's atmosphere, and they can be intercepted in either place. There are advantages and disadvantages to either intercept technique.

Some missiles such as THAAD can intercept both inside and outside the Earth's atmosphere, giving two intercept opportunities.

Endoatmospheric
Endoatmospheric anti-ballistic missiles are usually shorter ranged (e.g., American MIM-104 Patriot Indian Advanced Air Defence).

Advantages:

Physically smaller and lighter
Easier to move and deploy
Endoatmospheric intercept means balloon-type decoys won't work
Disadvantages:

Limited range and defended area
Limited decision and tracking time for the incoming warhead
Exoatmospheric
Exoatmospheric anti-ballistic missiles are usually longer-ranged (e.g., American GMD, Ground-Based Midcourse Defense).

Advantages:

More decision and tracking time
Fewer missiles required for defense of a larger area
Disadvantages:

Larger/heavier missiles required
More difficult to transport and place compared to smaller missiles
Must handle decoys

**details are classified and only the members included in the joint project will only know said details irp.**

Warhead

As part of their project the Abyssinia Government and the PRO Government are working together in the Shtip Industries campus. Shtip Aerospace Technologies is one of the primary producer of the PRO's missile weapons along with jet engines and many other products.

What the two governments are working on is a warhead as part of the ABM system being developed along with three other nations. The warhead is a conventional type of warhead and non nuclear designed to go atop the missile.

When complete it is estimated that the warhead will weigh 150kg. It will also be completed by the end of the month given the facilities being used are among the most advanced in the PRO.

Glad to have established embassies with you guys

Near Space Balloon Ride

The PROMOT (Peoples Republic of Ozerstine Ministry of Tourism) has thought of a new fangled tourism attraction. However like all great ideas it will need to be tested for safety and feasibility.

The idea is to use a high altitude balloon to take people to near space and bring them back. The government company chosen for this is Shtip Aerospace Technologies is given they have the most experience with these kinds of things. The team put on the project by SAT begin to outline a design for the balloons it will be at least a year before the first proto type is ready for testing.

It is a risky venture but it is hoped that it will gain popularity and bring tourists to the nation.

Estonland wrote:Glad to have established embassies with you guys

Likewise!
It is in fact an honor to create new partnerships between such as yours. I look forward to work with you.

As a member of the Progressive Party for over half a year, I have seen TDR go through many turmoils from exodus’ to political rivalries. Through it all, the Progressive Party has stood strong in its objective to greaten TDR, and push it into the future. We mustn’t let inactive senators get the better of us, and to ensure that the Progressive Party continues to propel TDR into the future: I, Coastal Republican States declare my candidacy for senator.

As the next hopeful senator of TDR and long-time member of the Progressive Party, I will work to not only improvise the TDR Roleplay to boost activity within TDR, but also work on propelling The Democratic Republic into 2020!

Over various elections, TDR has had several inactive senators of whom failed to uphold their duties as senator due to their derelictions of duty. This election, I will work to end this tyranny of inactive and useless senators with my Activity Bill, where senators who have a dereliction of duty can be removed from their positions by their respective parties without having to go through a complex and lengthy process. With this new process, this removes any chances that an opposing party member could keep a senator in the government to obstruct the voting process.
As the TDR RP Director, I am in control of all aspects of the roleplay which brings in quite a bit of activity into the region. However, I have encountered various setbacks in the form of members of TDR who do not partake in the RP involving themselves with RP Committee voting sessions. This has resulted in several bills being delayed due to intervening members with little knowledge of the RP. By splitting TDR from the RP, we will remove these inactive voters and other such setbacks in the RP. Each month, a new RP Director can be elected and a hopeful can be presented by each party (or independent), although current directors may also be selected by their respective parties. Only RP members can vote on a director - reference sentences 2-4 of paragraph three.

Another proposal is the Rights of the Director. The Director will have permissions to edit all channels and create channels within roleplay channel of the TDR Discord. Additionally, the director will have permissions to assign and create rolls for the roleplay. If a director were to abuse these powers outside of the roleplay channel, he can be acquitted by the court or other ruling government body based on the offense. On that note, directors are not allowed to change any permissions or channels outside of the roleplay channel.

Coastal Republican States wrote:As the next hopeful senator of TDR and long-time member of the Progressive Party, I will work to not only improvise the TDR Roleplay to boost activity within TDR, but also work on propelling The Democratic Republic into 2020!

Over various elections, TDR has had several inactive senators of whom failed to uphold their duties as senator due to their derelictions of duty. This election, I will work to end this tyranny of inactive and useless senators with my Activity Bill, where senators who have a dereliction of duty can be removed from their positions by their respective parties without having to go through a complex and lengthy process. With this new process, this removes any chances that an opposing party member could keep a senator in the government to obstruct the voting process.
As the TDR RP Director, I am in control of all aspects of the roleplay which brings in quite a bit of activity into the region. However, I have encountered various setbacks in the form of members of TDR who do not partake in the RP involving themselves with RP Committee voting sessions. This has resulted in several bills being delayed due to intervening members with little knowledge of the RP. By splitting TDR from the RP, we will remove these inactive voters and other such setbacks in the RP. Each month, a new RP Director can be elected and a hopeful can be presented by each party (or independent), although current directors may also be selected by their respective parties. Only RP members can vote on a director - reference sentences 2-4 of paragraph three.

Another proposal is the Rights of the Director. The Director will have permissions to edit all channels and create channels within roleplay channel of the TDR Discord. Additionally, the director will have permissions to assign and create rolls for the roleplay. If a director were to abuse these powers outside of the roleplay channel, he can be acquitted by the court or other ruling government body based on the offense. On that note, directors are not allowed to change any permissions or channels outside of the roleplay channel.

How is it a democracy if the party is responsible for removing the so called inactive senators and not the citizens of TDR ?

Flolina wrote:How is it a democracy if the party is responsible for removing the so called inactive senators and not the citizens of TDR ?

How are you contributing to TDR if you do absolutely nothing except cause trouble with the Progressive Party?

Path to a safer Nuclear Reactor.

Although the advent of Nuclear Power had caused a major accident that has released potent radioactive particles due to the unprepared earthquake which was followed by a large tsunami, the government of the UMAF although, still acknowledges the important use of such technologies. As a result, several companies fully involved in improving the UMAF's energy sector, have significantly received various subsidies and incentives to develop a safer alternative towards nuclear reactors. Instead of using the generic designs of a reactor and chimneys, instead the new reactor would be given a safer game-like construction, which significantly improve its durability against natural disasters. The new design would also give the freedom for various other nuclear power plant engineering companies to design their own basis of the structures, the way they see fit. Such reactors would not only replace regular uranium rods which are less safe and easier for disasters like the Fukushima disaster to occur, but also give the ability to an easier integration of other technologies, once again if the changes are needed. The so-called SAHENR or (Safer Alternative Higher Efficiency Nuclear Reactor) would be using fuel pebbles, coated with a thick layer of composite materials that could withstand higher temperatures and pressures, which also acts as a sort of shock absorption. The leading company, Insignia Energy Corp, is the brilliant mind that created the method of encasing nuclear fuel inside a composite ball, in which a meltdown were to occur, the balls would immediately be sent to a Containment unit and safely stored with tons of water inside. Many designs were presented to the table of the meeting with the Minister of Energy, each having its distinct advantages over to the older and conventional designs. The government then approves of the project of restoring the use of nuclear energy back into the Federation! The project was then funded by over 50 billion dollars to commence building the SAHENR reactors within south of Japan, as a prototype for initial testing, once blueprints for the design is completed and approved.

Coastal Republican States wrote:How are you contributing to TDR if you do absolutely nothing except cause trouble with the Progressive Party?

Literally wasn’t trying to offend you! Was asking a serious question cause I thought TDR was supposed to be somewhat of a democracy.

Flolina wrote:Literally wasn’t trying to offend you! Was asking a serious question cause I thought TDR was supposed to be somewhat of a democracy.

Also wasn’t trying to offend you, I’m just asking a question to a question.

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