Greater Luoyang - China
The defeat inflicted upon China by Japan, a nation seen before as merely a tributary state, in the Sino-Japanese War brought the Qing Dynasty to its knees. Foreign powers demanded more concessions, open revolt flared up against the corrupt Imperial government, and Japan displaced China as the foremost Asian power.
The shock proved enough to convince even the most radical of conservatives that much change was needed if the Dynasty was to survive. The Guangxu Emperor's Hundred Days Reform was successfully implemented, albeit at a much slower rate than the IRL timeline. The Wuxu Coup, launched by the Dowager Empress, failed, as the Emperor had struck a deal with the Conservatives, promising them continued power in their positions. The Dowager Empress was subsequently exiled to Japan.
The Qing Government stood against the Boxer Rebellion and soon quelled it with foreign assistance, using the taels that would have otherwise been used to pay reparations to finance the creation of a New Army, and a New Navy loyal to the Emperor alone. During the Russo-Japanese War, the Chinese Armed Forces intervened in support of Japan, suffering almost constant defeat, but firmly establishing Manchuria as a part of the Chinese Empire at the end of the war. Though the Qing Dynasty had recovered almost miraculously, its future is still uncertain, with Republicans and Ultra-conservatives threatening to end the reign of the Son of Heaven.
The illusive "Great Southern Land" had intrigued the empires of Europe for many years before Captain James Cook confirmed its existence to the British Government during his 1770 voyage. Like many explorers to the Southern Hemisphere before him, Captain Cook saw little financial value in the land, though was enthralled by its unique ecosystems and proceeded to officially claim what he found as British territory. The British public remained fascinated in spite of their government's lack of serious interest. This changed with the loss of the American colonies and the offshore penal facilities they provided, leading to a major overflow of inmates in British prisons. In 1785 the British Government issued orders approving the establishment of a penal colony in land claimed by Cook, known as "New South Wales", to be sustained by the convicts themselves. The first fleet of convicts (under the leadership of Commodore Arthur Phillip) arrived on January 26th 1788 in Botany Bay, not far from the place of Cook's first landing 18 years prior. Despite resistance from the natives the colony grew consistently, with the first fleet being followed by many others. Almost all convicts who served their sentences remained in the colony, providing it with a strong workforce and a sense of comradery. With support coming from Britain the colony expanded across the continent by then known as Australia, forming six separate colonial governments (Queensland, Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia) by the mid-19th century.
While still technically a penal colony, Australia had developed a successful agricultural and mining sector, becoming a major supplier of many products, particularly wool. At the turn of the century the six separate colonies agreed that between them they possessed the wealth and British support to federate into a single entity, beginning the process of federation that was completed when the Constitution of Australia came into effect on the 1st of January 1901. Officially forming Australia as a free territory of the United Kingdom.
In November of 1908, Alfred Deakin had just lost his role as prime minister to rival Andrew Fisher. However, he believed that it was corruption and Andrew Fisher had paid money to the Australian Electoral Commission to give him more votes. Alfred Deakin argued this in court, however was unsuccessful. On the bright side, Alfred Deakin earned a lot of support from fellow Australian citizens. Therefore, Alfred Deakin and his many supporters moved away from mainland Australia to Tasmania. In Tasmania, many of the citizens already there supported Alfred Deakin and therefore, he was in a position of power immediately. That is why in 1909, Tasmania was declared independent from Australia as the Australian government did not want to deal with Alfred Deakin's regime. Alfred Deakin renamed Tasmania to Destralia (Deakin + Australia) as he believed that Destralia was a better Australia.
First unified by Clovis I., the land of France has been ruled by many different forms of government and even a suffered a reign of terror under the revolutionaries. In 1792, the monarchies entered a blank page as an (in)famous revolution turned France into a Republic. As the radicality of the starting came to and end so did soon the Republic in 1804 when Napoléon Bonaparte took power and shaped his empire. Soon France became a dominant power which first took down Egypt which later broke free and then faced a total of 7 coalition wars . None of it sadly lasted, regime changes and poor management resulted in a new republic in 1848 which lasted until 1851 when Napoléon Bonaparte's nephew outpreformed a coup and took strength over France. In this era, much territory was gained until the time of the Third Republic which lasts until this day. Much colonial land was held by it until recently until independence was granted. Now France stands firm to face its biggest challenge yet, The Central Powers.
An important year in Croatian history is 1776 when Croatian capital Varaždin was destroyed in a fire. Croatian Sabor and Ban's office were temporarily moved to Zagreb only to be returned to Varaždin in 1780 when it was partially rebuilt. This was an important event in Croatian history since it meant Croatia will be closer and more connected to Pest and Wien and that a separate Croatian national identity could prosper away from Shtokavian and Chakavian Croats.
19th century was a an era of national revival for Croatia. Newspapers in native language were published, dictionaries and grammars were written and activists began advocating for greater autonomy. Both young intelligentsia and priesthood participated led by a linguist Ljudevit Gaj, a noble Janko Drašković and a bishop Maksimilijan Vrhovac. It was all centered around Kajkavian and separate national identity for noth-western Croats (who called themselves Horvati instead of Hrvati). However this meant that Dalmatian and Slavonian Croats were left alone. Some of them embraced Kajkavian and aligned themselves with Ljudevit Gaj (this was mainly in Slavonia). Some of them, however, disagreed. In late 19th century in Dalmatia a separate movement begun. It was based on Chakavian and led by nationalists Miho Klaić and Mihovil Pavlinović. Seeing this, Croatian politicians started to negotiate with Dalmatians. They agreed to recognize each other as true Croats and work together but they refused to have a single standard language.
On the 25th of July, 1894, after well over a decade of tensions over the Korean Issue, the 1882 crisis, the Gapsin Coup, the Nagasaki Incident, the Bean Controversy, and the Kim Ok-gyun Affair, war broke out between Japan and China. The general prediction in the West was quite clear: China would win, Japan would be crushed. This prediction, however, turned out to be incorrect, as pretty much the exact opposite happened. Lasting about 8 months and a few weeks, Japan managed to make relatively short work of its larger but poorly-organized and -equipped opponent, to the surprise of the West. As a result of this war, China was forced to recognize Japan’s claim on Korea, and would as a more indirect result lose Manchuria to the Russian Empire for a while.
Interference by the Triple Intervention of Russia, Germany and France in response to the Treaty of Shimonoseki between Japan and China left the former with a common feeling that Russia, using support from the other two powers, had robbed the nation of land that was rightfully Japanese as a result of the treaty. This feeling, as well as the fact that Russia, while having promised to withdraw its forces from Manchuria, instead did the exact opposite and stationed more troops there, formed the foundation for the second major war the Japanese Empire was involved in: the Russo-Japanese war.
This war was perhaps even more significant than the Sino-Japanese war. Western predictions were mostly in Russia’s favour, which is suspected to correlate to the idea of Western superiority in terms of culture, military, economy, religion, etc, etc. The war lasted for almost 1 year and 7 months, and the final result stunned the West: the Russian Empire lost the war. For most of the conflict, the Japanese, supported by military intervention from China, were on the offensive, pushing the poorly-equipped and rather demoralized Russian troops back. Russia’s Pacific Fleet and Baltic Fleet were both mostly destroyed by the Japanese Combined Fleet in several decisive battles, cutting down Russia’s naval power, and demonstrating that the Imperial Japanese Navy, while not the largest navy around, was most certainly capable of holding its own.
The war showed that change was happening in Asia. Western powers realized that Japan was no longer a backwater that could be commandeered around, but that it had instead become a force to be reckoned with. It also showed that Japan was willing to stand with China to form a common response to outside forces attempting to interfere in the nations’ combined sphere of influence. Japanese historians suspect that this war was one of the roots for sparking nationalism in Asia.
As for the peace deal and such: Japan forced Russia to give up the southern half of Sakhalin, as well as demanding that the Russian Empire would give up its 25-year leasehold on Port Arthur. Manchuria was returned under Chinese control after forcing Russia to remove its troops from the area. After the peace conference, Japan has begun adjusting its foreign policies, aiming for a “United Eastasia” to allow the area to fully stand up against whichever outside power may try to force its will upon Eastasia’s residents yet again.
During the late 19th century, the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy was at death's door. The rise of nationalist sentiment within the respective regions of the Balkans combined with growing infighting over the issue of federalization, the throne could not bear any more. However, the death blow was when the Croatian's declared independence and the Austro-Hungarian Army could not fight back the loss of Galicia and Bohemia. Followed by this was the abdication of Franz Joseph from the Hungarian throne, therefore destroying the personal union between Austria and Hungary. This seemingly caused the dissolution of all hope to maintain and regrow the reputation of the throne, and the dual monarchy was abolished. Almost all of the land gained prior to the dissolution was lost except the core Austrian state and the province of Friuli Venezia Giulia. While the Austrian nation still claims Croatia as a part of the Austrian Empire, there is little that can be done to back these claims up. Franz Joseph has instead been forced to cooperate with the Croatian nation for now until Austria can grow strong again. Because of the access to the Adriatic, the Austrian Navy still maintains itself, albeit much smaller, and now rests within various ports throughout Trieste and the such. While now a shadow of it's former self, the Austrian Empire is rearming and preparing to reemerge onto the world stage a proper nation. Emperor Franz Joseph guides these efforts and is steadily applying change for the better of Austria as a whole.
The Ottoman Empire has long stood as Europe's greatest threat. Or at least, it was. Following the death of Suleiman the First, a veiled sickness began worming its way through the Empire. It created a gaping, oozing, infested hole within the Ottoman Empire, corrupting once noble families into deceitful, greedy cowards. The strongest military the West had ever seen went from an incredible asset to an incredible embarrassment. This disease soon fully destroyed the Ottoman Empire's legitimacy, and following a series of military failure and blatant displays of corruption, the population grew restless and angry. Frighteningly common revolts saw the successful breakaway of over 60% of the Empire's territory, and the Ottoman military rightfully hanging their tail between their legs and their head in shame. These major setbacks have caused the rest of the world to dub the once glorious Empire The Sick Man of Europe. Now, the Ottoman State just barely clings to its holdings in Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. While much of the country is in despair and grows ever more defeatist, a small band of politicians has begun crying out for a new brand of "Ottoman Nationalism", claiming that the adjective Ottoman is not just a term to describe a person's nationality, but that it is an ethnicity in of itself. Along with this, the group spouts radical authoritarian and militarist policies. Naturally, both moderate sides of the political spectrum vehemently oppose this radical rhetoric If one thing is certain, it is that the Ottoman Empire truly hangs in the balance of fate by a single, straining thread.
Following the dissolution of the United States, there was much clamor and commotion in the south. With factions rising left and right, one of the few states prepared for the eventuality of nationhood was Texas, having been annexed by the United States only ten years prior to the cataclysm that was the eruption of the Yellowstone supervolcano, and having spent some time as an independent nation beforehand. With the necessary implements and know-how still in place to form a country, governor Sam Houston was appointed President de-facto, and initiated a mobilization of the Texas Militia to secure the nation. A quick bid was placed to claim all territory between the Rio Grande and Mississippi rivers, and south of the Arkansas river. With a turbulent few years of martial law and civil unrest in the wake of the destruction, Grande Texas eventually settled and began the arduous process of forming a strong nation from the remains of a great one. The country is fiercely independent and nationalistic, with a strong private sector and a tradition of agriculture. The recent discovery of oil, and its use as a fuel source, indicates a coming economic boom for the nation. The welfare and prosperity it will bring have Texans thinking along the lines of "world power" rather than "American successor state".
Sheckmenistan was born after the bloody revolution lead by Djadao Ibrahim, (starting in 1882 and ending in 1889 with the capture of Cairo) in response to the continued silencing of the people’s cry for Democracy. The newly formed and fragile government has made at least a year of military conscription mandatory to make sure they’re not taken over during this fragile time.
Scheckmenistan is kept afloat by their thriving trade and agriculture due to control of the Nile. Sheckmenistan hopes to become allies with their powerful neighbor, The Ottoman Empire of Burkani, in hopes of making a new friend and access to Europe.
New England emerged from being under a dull ruler and overran the local government with a swift revolutionary war and took 7 states with the peace deal. Now New England is trying to open communications with foriegn ambassadors.
Due to the dissolution of the United States caused by the nations supervalcano thought to have been asleep, errupted and caused the downfall of the nations trust to the government due to lack of help from the government. A shaky, yet friendly, pact was formed between the New England region who was providing most of the Mid-East Coast with seafood, berries, potatoes, corn, bacon, maple syrup, and Sam Adams beer, New York providing cattle, Pennsylvania and surrounding states providing Military and Civilian factories join together in order to defend from the raider factions in the West, South and foreign invasions, which eventually became known as The Allied States of America in March of 1908
After the Yellowstone Eruption of 1856, The United States was set into a mind of panic and civil war. Law enforcements, militants and gun owners all rallied around the state borders, protecting the Great Lakes area (MI, WI, IL, IN, OH). The States where protected, and an alliance between the 5 states was formed, thus creating the Colony of Northern Netland. The states have almost returned to their former glory, although their paranoia has led to severe economic and social consequences, including but not limited to a drastic decrease in the amount of Baking-soda volcanos entered into local school fairs.
With the Spanish American war never taking place the king still holds almost absolute power u till the late 1800’s till the Cuban and Caribbean revolutions. This had proved to the already skeptical “republicans” that the kings and military’s absolute controls was not working for Spain and that for Spain to remain a power reforms must be made. The king was forced to give some of his power to a provisional parliament who shares power with the king. With that Esteban XIII stepped down in shame. The new king Phillipo VI has taken seat and shares his power (begrudgingly) with the parliament. This took place in 1898 with the new Anjóu line taking the seat of power. Phillipo VI a expansionist wishes to reclaim lost land and has succeeded in placing 5/20 “royalists” in the parliament. On the other side the “republicans” who control 12/20 of the parliament wish to limit the crowns power even more while also proving Spain’s power to the rest of Europe through alliances and industry. So in this new century Spain stands politically divided one side wishing to return to its imperial roots and the other wishing to step openly into the world and show its true power.
The Bihar Famine of 1873-74 has a very disorganized relief effort due to a lack of leadership by Sir Richard Temple. Anti-British sentiment would rise in the Indian provinces and an Indian independence movement would be born, though the movement would not be widespread. This would change with the great famine of 1876-78, where once again, relief efforts were very disorganized and poorly executed. With yet another famine (only 2 years later), this time throughout all of the Raj and poor relief efforts from the British once again, the Indian Independence Movement would become widespread throughout all of the Raj, with most Indians feeling that the British government has only brought India misfortune. For years, there would be protests, demonstrations and riots. Many Indian soldiers even refused to fight in the second Anglo-Afghani war.
After years of fighting and negotiations in 1886, India would Achieve Independence on September 23rd, 1887.
In 1867 Turkestan was made a separate Governor-Generalship, under its first Governor-General, Konstantin Petrovich Von Kaufman. Its capital was Tashkent and it consisted initially of three oblasts (provinces): Syr Darya, Semirechye Oblast and the Zeravshan Okrug (later Samarkand Oblast). To these were added in 1873 the Amu Darya Division (Russian: отдел, otdel), annexed from the Khanate of Khiva, and in 1876 the Fergana Oblast, formed from the remaining rump of the Kokand Khanate that was dissolved after an uprising in 1875. In 1894 the Transcaspian Region, which had been conquered in 1881–1885 by Generals Mikhail Skobelev and Mikhail Annenkov, was added to the Governor-Generalship.
The administration of the region had an almost purely military character throughout. Von Kaufman died in 1882, and a committee under Fedor Karlovich Giers (or Girs, brother of the Russian Foreign Minister Nikolay Karlovich Giers) toured the Krai and drew up proposals for reform, which were implemented after 1886. In 1888 the new Trans-Caspian railway, begun at Uzun-Ada on the shores of the Caspian Sea in 1877, reached Samarkand. Nevertheless, Turkestan remained an isolated colonial outpost, with an administration that preserved many distinctive features from the previous Islamic regimes, including Qadis' courts and a 'native' administration that devolved much power to local 'Aksakals' (Elders or Headmen). It was quite unlike European Russia. In 1908 Count Konstantin Konstantinovich Pahlen led another reform commission to Turkestan, which produced a monumental report documenting administrative corruption and inefficiency. The Jadid educational reform movement which originated among Tatars spread among Muslims of Central Asia under Russian rule.
A policy of deliberately enforcing anti-modern, traditional, ancient conservative Islamic education in schools and Islamic ideology was enforced by the Russians in order to deliberately hamper and destroy opposition(edited)
to their rule by keeping them in a state of torpor to and prevent foreign ideologies from penetrating in.
The Russians implemented Turkification upon the Ferghana and Sarmakand Tajiks replacing the Tajik language with Uzbek resulting in an Uzbek dominant speaking Samarkand whereas decades before Tajik was the dominant language in Samarkand.
In 1897 the railway reached Tashkent, and finally in 1906 a direct rail link with European Russia was opened across the steppe from Orenburg to Tashkent. This led to much larger numbers of ethnic Russian settlers flowing into Turkestan than had hitherto been the case, and their settlement was overseen by a specially created Migration Department in Saint Petersburg (Переселенческое Управление). This caused considerable discontent amongst the local population as these settlers took scarce land and water resources away from them. This caused considerable discontent among the local population as these settlers took scarce land and water resources away from them. In early 1909 discontent boiled over in the Bizdin Revolt. Thousands of settlers were killed, and this was matched by Russian reprisals, particularly against the nomadic population. To escape the Russians, Uzbeks, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz escaped to the interiors of the country. They had time until the Russians found them, and launched a surprise attack on them. They used diplomatic methods to separate from the country and have close ties with the Russians.
Germany is the first port-of-call in any study of the origins of World War I. Germany before World War I was imperialistic, militaristic and autocratic, a nation struggling to assert its place in the world. In 1910 Germany had been a unified state for less than half a century. Prior to 1871 she had been nothing more than a cluster of 25 German-speaking states, city-states and duchies, sandwiched between France, Russia and the North Sea coast. The road to unification and statehood was a long and sometimes difficult one, fueled by a rise in German nationalism in the first half of the 1800s. The rallying points for German nationalists were race, culture, language and power. They dreamed of a united Germany, its people infused with patriotism, its government manned by decisive leaders and its economy at the technological forefront of the world. At the vanguard of this new Germany would be its army and navy, a gift to the new nation from its most powerful member-state: Prussia.(edited)
The process of German unification began with the turmoil of 1848, when a series of revolutions swept through western Europe. Movements in Prussia, Bavaria, Baden and Saxony all demanded change and political transformation, one of which was German unification. The nationalist movement grew through the mid-1800s, aided by political pamphleteers and populist journalists. The final flashpoint for German nationalism was the brief but successful Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. Peace negotiations after this six-month conflict were held at Versailles, outside Paris. There, German delegates – guided by the brilliant Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck – negotiated and formalised the long-awaited unification of Germany- without Alsace. This heralded the birth of the so-called ‘Second Reich’, under its new kaiser, Wilhelm I. The new Germany was given a constitution, a strange mix of authoritarian monarchical power and liberal individual rights. The emperor retained absolute power over ministers and government decisions: he could hire and fire the chancellor (prime minister), determine foreign policy and was commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
There onwards, The Netherlands, or The United Kingdom of The Netherlands, also known under the name of Koninkrijk der Nederlanden-Royaume des Belgiques experienced rises in Liberal support amounting to the democratization of the low countries and more importantly the adaption of French as a second national language. The reforms went further with the termination of Catholic discrimination especially in the Netherlands under William III. These actions by William III effectively united the country by ending hostilities between the Dutch and the French-speaking Wallonians.
The current Monarch Wilhelmina, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Netherlands, Duchess of Luxemburg, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Duchess of Limburg, etc. The 30-year-old deeply-religious queen has suffered two miscarriages and a still-born son leaving Marie Alexandrine's eldest son Prince Heinrich XXXII Reuss of Köstritz to assume the Dutch throne if Wilhelmina won't have any surviving children.
Her Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands rules over The United Kingdom of The Netherlands, a parliamentary democratic kingdom, where due to the processes in place only well-off white men are able to vote. The parliamentary kingdom is being faced with the ever-increasing threat of Socialism in the form of the Social Democratische Arbeiders Partij or SDAP (Social-Democratic Labour Party) which demands the right to vote to be extended to all men. The country's stability is being threatened by the ever-increasing instability caused by the clashes between the left and right, liberals and conservatives. In this ever-increasing instable political environment, the people look towards Her Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands for stability leading to the slight increase in crown authority and the powers of the monarch, though, still parliament remains the most powerful political entity in the country.
Argentina had declared its independence from Spain in 1806, becoming independent. The government spent much time setting up a new republic to rule the nation. Unfortunately the republic soon grew corrupt and weak. Argentinian Nationalists grew in popularity with the people and military ,and around 1902 a man named Juan Vidal, a well respected author and nationalist, wrote the now infamous book, La Lucha Interna, he stated that love for ones country and to follow in the footsteps of god, are the only ways to truly lead a country to enlightenment. The people of Argentina fell in love with his work and he soon was the face of the Argentinian Christian Nationalist Party (ACNP), whether he liked it or not. On 16:34pm November 14th, 1907, Juan was shot by a marksman, through the heart, during a protest lead by the ACNP. Protests turned to violence, violence turned to an uprising, and the republic was overthrown with ease as the majority of the armed forces sympathized with the ACNP. A new ACNP sponsored government took control and established a new dictator who they titled the “maestro de los iluminados”. The ACNP soon named the new leader as Juans brother Tomas Vidal, who not only was a devout catholic but more of a nationalist than his brother and was instrumental to the revolutions success. With the help of his self appointed generals and advisers, Tomas rooted out corrupt officials and had them executed and took control of all media in the country to keep his citizens “loyal”.
Canada was originally intended to be part of the British empire, as it served as a colonial protectorate under the British crown. However, as the Britsh soon came to realize, that they had failed to to keep a hold of these lands, they son began decresing and the Britsh Empire was not so much of an "empire" anymore. In 1867, Canda broke away from the United Kingdom, became an independent country, falling from the Britsh crown rule and governing for itself.
with Italy only a recent upstart onto the European stage, with its recent emergence as a super power, able to dominate the Balkans and the Mediterranean.
With a strong leader in the shape of king Emmanuel, the government has recently taken steps to try to improve the South of the country, lagging behind the rest if the nation. This has left the north facing a migrant crisis of Italians moving up, yo find the jobs that the richer north has.
The navy is also having a massive overhaul, to increase Italy's presence in the Mediterranean. With all other countries now seeing the mediteranian as a large sandbox, Italy must keep it's wits about.
The Army is still stuck in the 1890's, severely outdated. With the economy struggling, the army has had to take a real hit to it's funds.
What ever happens, Italy is poised to be in the thick of it!
History begins in 1856, when African revolts spread throughout the Portuguese colonies, Angolan natives destroyed colonial establishments and Portuguese factories of foreign businessmen in Luanda. Portuguese soldiers entered the colony to fight the rebels. The rebels had no way of supplying their guerrillas, their soldiers, and they did not have enough weapons, besides their small strategic responsibility.
Portuguese soldiers, gained advantage in strategic and tactical offensive in the battles against the rebels, Luanda was captured, and the small group was annihilated unconditionally. The soldiers then parked their troops in the Guaraní of the Embaixadissima.
In 1867, moroccan immigrants came from their country en masse, occupying school, labor, and forcing the country to have more regular laws with the border. Pedro V of Portugal, then, deported several African immigrants to colonies or their home countries.
In 1878, the Great Change took place, Luis I of Portugal, altered excessively the economic system of Portugal, and built several establishments like the Railroad of Mariena, that connects Algarves with Anastácia, and the Portuguese Automobile Industry, that was repondible by the Introduction of the Car , in Lisbon.
Revolts happened to happen in the colonies, but they were slaughtered regularly, the most well-known revolts were the Revolt of Rabachicho, Plan Xicaeumbu, Revolt of the Moved, and the Revolt Akaticarumbu, which were the busiest. Until, Portugal, had great economic losses in the colonies, and the exhaustion was only increasing, then, Portugal declared the independence of Angola.
Shortly thereafter, Mozambique also gained independence after several struggles against rebels, now with the support of the Free State of Angola. The loss of Mozambique greatly altered the prestige of the Portuguese Kingdom, which had grown considerably in recent times. Guinea-Bissau was invaded soon after to regain lost prestige.
East Timor was colonized by Joaquim da Cruz Nascimento, great diplomat and general of the time, who had fought in several battles against natives.
In 1900, the Portuguese Auto-Supply System was created, this system was made possible by the growth of tax collection, and it also facilitated calculations, since it simplified the economic collections.
Ukraine gained independence since the Russian loss of the Crimean War as of 1856. Ukraine would seize the initiative and secure their lands in the face of the Russian fall. Since then, the Ukrainian economy has been focused on agriculture leading to a large growth of population and a military-industrial complex being surrounded by so many nations who covets their land. Since then, Ukraine has maintained a sense of National unity and independence. With a vast amount of the land being Ukrainicized. Ukrainian as a language has been established as the primary language with Russian and polish being outlawed and most Russians being repatriated to Russia or forced to assimilate into Ukrainian culture and customs. As of 1907 Ukraine has established an intense nationalistic and patriotic outlook and identity and has ensured the nation will no longer be disunified by internal factors. With the establishment and formation of a Ukrainian State not seen since the Kievan Rus.
Unhappy with the Czar's rule over Finland, several Finnish groups staged demonstrations in Helsinki, where they were, and made a request for recognition of the Independence of Finland that was quickly rejected, causing great discontent among Finns who cherished political and economic freedom since the Czar's political decisions were always bent on favoring Russia, and all manufactured goods were of Russian origin, forcing the Finns to buy high-priced products. With the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1905, the Finns took advantage of this and, influenced by the ideals of the Menshevik and Bonhevik movements, and caused several revolts across the country against the Russians. Stores with Russian owners were looted, large Helsinki centers were blocked, several Russian leaders and generals who were in the city during the movements were arrested and various social groups threatened to join the Bolsheviks, prompting the Czar to negotiate for Finland's independence" This is the story of how Finland achieved its independence and how Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg came to power, but what no one knew was his intentions as president. During his short governing period, he spent thousands of Finnish landmarks on dubious military projects, rather than spending on infrastructure for the population. Yrjö Sirola, a socialist politician, took advantage of this situation to spread rumors about the government to gain popularity among the population. In a few months, he had assembled a large group of armed rebels to, on November 12, 1911, carry out a coup d'etat by knocking Kaarlo out of power and entering his place.
With the Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire collapsing, it played into the hands of Romanians greatly. Independence was easily achieved, despite minor setbacks when Karl Hohenzollern couped the domintor Cuza and proclaimed a Kingdom. The collapse of Russia further influenced Romania when Bessarabia called for the backing of Romanian troops which Carol gladly obliged, only to eventually join Romania with summits held by Carol. Upon the dissolving of Austria-Hungary, Carol lobbied his German cousins and Austrian politicians heavily for their blessing in allowing the Kingdom take back the historic principality of Transylvania from Hungary. He would go on to convince and take back the territory from Hungary, bolstering his popularity as the country's monarch. In 1910, Carol would fall ill and died of a deadly disease that has yet to be identified. With no Male heirs left behind, a regency made up of his advisers would help his then 16 year old daughter Princess Hanna to rule. The princess ascends to the throne as Queen Daciana I, electing to use a more local name as her ruling name.
After having the Yellowstone Supervolcano and collapse of the USA, the states of Colorado, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming we’re hit the hardest, loosing everything build due to the volcano, after facing heavy deaths, destruction and chaos, facing uncertain future, the states came and formed the UNR, slowly recovering, they managed they managed to rebuild there capital New Denver, as the time went buy UNR citizens slowly went to affect areas, slowly started to populate, rebuild, and return to there once beloved homes, time went buy, The FRMR started to grow economically bringing people back to the areas one covered by ash, finally after a while UNR seemed to have a better future, having a religious area many people believed this was an act of punishment for there sins, slowly Christianity rises, making the UNR a major religious nation, finally people seemed to have a better future and hoped to have international relations, hoping to forget the marks that Yellowstone left(edited)
in 1856, Queen Victoria sat on the throne. Her empire was well, until, it wasn't.
With the Indian rebellion in 1858, that left a huge hole in the British empire, luckily, Canada filled it's role and received many upgrades and attention from it's ruler.
Along with this, was the penal state of Australia, who, in 1901 became a unified free state under British watch. With all this land in different continents and timezones, the navy became stronger and modernized in face of new threats from the continent. None more than the Germans, who the British people viewed as a threat to the empire. Due to their large colonial border with the British in Africa. And it's Entente ally, France.
The army modernised, but remained small, Britain still being able to pull troops from it's colonial possessions. Although weakened, this was still of considerable strength and number.
The economy still turned out considerable amount of value and wealth. This still makes the English a considerable force for anyone to fight or to attack.
Peter I had founded the Russian Empire in 1721, modelling its new government after other European monarchies. Catherine the Great had risen to power after a coup d'etat against Peter III. Her campaigns and the oppressive social system led to a major peasant uprising in 1773. By her death in 1796, she turned Russia into a major European power. Alexander I saw the end of Napoleon's empire starting in 1812, mostly due to "General Winter." Some uprisings and revolts occurred over the next fifty years, with these uprisings being crushed. Russia had lost the Crimean War at the hands of coalition between the Ottomans, England and France. The Russo-Japanese War ended in Russian defeat, with Inner Manchuria being ceded to China.
Unrest has recently started to ramp up in the Motherland due to the Czar not doing anything to protect the common worker, with labor unions and all that being banned. Radicalism, or rather Socialism, is starting to gain support in Russia under the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks, the latter under the guide of Vladimir Lenin. The first time this unrest showed itself to be major was when the 1905 Russian Revolution, led by Leon Trotsky and another revolutionary, broke oit, causing the creation of the Imperial Duma in 1906 and the "adoption of a Constitution" in the same year.
Protests have begun to erupt as the government attempts to stop them. The Czar is growing worried, but has ministers tell him it’ll be alright. As of 1912, the Czar has passed legislation preventing people from protesting without many permits.
In 1856, Bolivian diplomats betrayed the economic pact with Chile, sending commercial offers to the Republic of Peru, thus making the Pacific War, the Chileans were trained mostly by Austrians and Prussians, who exploited their culture among their country, and showed traditions for Chileans. The Bolivian dictatorship had aligned itself with the neighboring country of Peru, and in a thirsty attempt to seize power and new lands/recourses together attacked their sibling nation.
Chile had originally thought this war a easy test and fought bravely and valiantly in it northernmost borders desperately defending the cities of Arica and Gral. Lagos. But soon the full force of numbers began to take its toll on the glorious Chilean defenders, and street by street they were pushed back drowned in the blood of the expendable coalition soldiers. Eventually the inevitability of defeat slowly began to dawn on the upper echelon’s of the Chilean governance. In a last ditch effort to gain time for the congress to convene, General Santiago Francisco de Bourbon led a massive counter offensive to the north. The senate realized defeat was indeed an absolute certainty, so they looked east across the sea, to the long scorned mother country that they had forced out so long ago. Whilst the General fought tooth and nail to hinder the alliances deadly advance, diplomats voyaged to Spain.
They found a country willing to help, but only at a cost, Chile was to become a protectorate of the Spanish throne and take the financial burden of such an incursions cost. These terms though regrettable were necessary for their salvation. General Santiago made the Peruvian and Bolivian forces pay in blood for every inch of ground they gained, Until at last they held out in the city of Camarones. The Chilean Army showed an advantage in trench warfare, and pushed the Bolivians out of their territory.
In 1858, access to the Bolivian sea was totally blocked, and the Bolivians surrendered in 1859 after Chilean nationalists struck the La Paz Parliament. Bolivia was officially annexed, and the army was totally allied with the Chileans. In 1860, Peruvians declared war on Chile, but soon after two weeks of battle, they surrendered quickly. Lake Titicaca was represented as Chilean territory, but is still rendered by the government of Peru.
In 1875 Chile's economic situation was in full growth, inflation fell dramatically, and sales and economic taxes grew more and more.The manufacture of cars and other equipment increased thanks to the social reforms of Pablo Villaseca Yenuar. A proposal of a monarchical government fell into the hands of the parliament in 1890, but soon was denied.
In 1891, Chile began to receive training from the Spaniards, Germans and Peruvians who had been immigrating the country in search of general economic relationships with car companies and other establishments. The Chilean government also invested immensely in the army and military training in Sucre and Patagonia. Currently, Chile is in a relatively good economic and social situation, in addition to great political freedom.
The nation of Sweden is a peaceful nation in Scandinavia. They saw the Napoleonic Wars and the Franco-Prussian War, but never intervened in them. But this is about to change in 1878, after a bloody civil war rampaged the country. The Royal Army had no chance against the Democratic Rebels. As the war ended in 1880, The Republic of Sweden was announced. It would last 9 years before a group of ‘Monarch Follow Army’ came to overthrow the corrupted Democratic government.
The M.F.A. Managed to overthrow President Stök, and William the II was proclaimed King of the Kingdom of Sweden in 1901. The New Government has fixed many problems the old government has left, such as a weak economy and poor morale. William the II has restored the nation’s pride by an army which reaches 100.000 men, but poorly equipped. The capital of Sweden, Stockholm, has become one of the most modern cities in Scandivania due to the mass wealth William the II has made. In 1907, the Greater Swedish Navy was formed under order of Colonel George. The Swedish Economy is still growing today, and the Army is getting bigger.
About 500 BC when a people called the Sinhalese migrated there from India. According to legend the first settlers were led by a man named Vijaya.
However at first Sri Lanka was divided into different states. A man named Dutthagamani (161-137 BC) united them into a single kingdom. As well as being a powerful ruler Dutthagamani was a great builder and he built palaces and temples.
The capital of the first Sri Lankan kingdom was at Anuradhapura. The staple diet of the Sri Lankan people was rice but to grow rice needs to stand in water. However in Sri Lanka’s hot climate water soon evaporated. Some water was provided by rain in the rainy season (October to April) but it was not enough. To gain extra water the people dammed streams and rivers. In the 2nd 3rd and 4th centuries AD Sri Lanka became a rich kingdom. They traded with India, China, Persia and Ethiopia. however from the 5th century onward Sri Lanka suffered from invasions from India. In the 10th century the Chola kingdom became powerful in southern India. Later in 1505,Sri Lanka suffered from Portuguese domination and later Dutch aswell. But in 1796 Dutch rule gave way to British. For all these years,the Sri Lankans "latched on" to the British,meaning that they didn't have much importance in history more than being just a territory of the British Empire. In 1907 Sri Lanka became independent from the British,and they are called Ebrilondians now. It has two capitals,Colombo and Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte,with the Sri Lankan Rupee being it's official currency,and the Sinhalaese,Tamil and English being it's official language.
In 1882, Serbia became the Kingdom of Serbia, ruled by King Milan I. THe goverment was installed by Russian diplomats since the Russo Turkish war never happened. The House of Karađorđević, descendants of the revolutionary leader Karađorđe Petrović, assumed power in 1903 following the May Overthrow. In the north, the 1848 revolution in Austria led to the establishment of the autonomous territory of Serbian Vojvodina; by 1849, the region was transformed into the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar.
In 1899 the Serbs declared war on the Montenegro's then the Albania's winning the war but losing 75,000 troops in the process
The land was all claimed by the serbians
The history of Colombia includes the settlements and society by indigenous peoples, most notably, the Muisca Confederation and Quimbaya, with the Spanish arriving later in 1499 ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital at Bogotá. Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1820s, the Republic of Colombia was dwindling in power, destabilizing due to many issues plaguing the nation regarding the union of these states (even losing Panama as a result). Coupled with that, South American legend Simón Bolívar died later on, leaving Colombia a order-less place for a short-time, now known as "La mayor lucha". But, despite facing the full might of anti-patriotism, loose unity, and an agrarian-based economy, Rafael José Urdaneta y Farías, trusted ally of Bolívar and Minister of Defence, steps in and restores order to Colombia. Urdaneta sends the NRC out to Venezuelan lands and Ecuador to serve as watchman and riot control. After a while, Urdaneta revamps the constiution, leading to the creation of the Second Republic of Colombia, a centralized federal semi-presidential republic. A Colombian parliament is put in place to equally represent the people and make decisions. Urdaneta sets in motion a industrial boom later on in the presidency, laying the groundwork for a global powerhouse by the early 1900s.
After the Disaster. Most of the Settlers in the Dakota territory moved up north to Canada for a while. To survive the Volcanic Winter. Fighting begun on what became known as the Hell March. Thousands died.... Most of the people in convient North Dakota survived. Less then half from South Dakota Survived. Eventually on the 3rd year after the disaster they moved back to the Dakotas. Though once they found that mining the concrete ash away to expose soil... and finally farming again attracted refugees searching for a home. There Numbers boosted however eventually they actually had to shoot outsiders from coming in due to food shortages. While they governed themselfs as United Dakota. They did not actually realize the United States had Collaspe. Litterly there isolation kept them ignorant for the longest of time. Yet trade was prevelant it was with a select few who were trustworthy. Canada and southern traders. Dakota traded iron with Canada for agricultural goods. This ended up creating a demand for production to buy food and other goods from Canada. Eventually the cheap labor of the Dakotas built a railway to Canada where they could from Canada buy global goods. Canada could sell its cheap Dakota made goods. Industrialization lead to the 2nd president of the United Dakotas to promote the automobile industry. Ford an outsider but American was allowed to come in and build car factories. With Dakotas making cheap goods for Canada and the population increasing in the Dakotas Unemployment was at a all time low. Money was spent for schools kinda.... and mainly for keeping up with Demand. This period of Isolation and prosperity ended when the CNN marched in...
Riots begun and it got hetec.... Many took to reborn forests. Those Forests who still are populated with half dead trees and the new living trees. Guerilla warfare was noted.
With a breif CNN occupation... and independence restored. things look alright... for now...
In the recent years an program was put into place by the 4th President to revive the economy. Funding businesses and promoting government job to the unemployed. The strive for better schools passed in 1909 is leading to the current education reform program to increase the standard. Massive trade increase with Canada
With the railways expanding and finished in 1911 Trade continued to boom. As Dakota would sell the cheap goods to Canada. Then Canada would sell the cheap goods to the world market. Canadian Business Investors continue to pour money into United Dakotas. Factories grow and people flock to the cities as Industry grows so does Dakota Power. It is 1913 now, Industry continues to grow. The 4th president is running for re-election. The monopolies continue onward.
The United Baltic Duchy, founded in 1907, as a union between ethnic Latvians and Estonians. Being at the crossroads of several major powers in history, such as the Swedish Empire, The Russian Empire, The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the German Empire, it was decided it was in their best interest, to the peoples and the Baltics, in order to preserve their language and culture, they shall stay united and fight off any invaders. Although this union was to the interests of both the ethnic Latvians and Estonians, both simultaneously distrust each-other. With the ethnic Latvians being the majority in the country and the capital, Riga, in the heart of Latvian controlled territory. Meanwhile the Latvians were terrified of their current king, who was the wild card in the country. The King, who was ethnically German, was known to favor the Estonians in matters of politics. The United Baltic Duchy is at a crossroads. With a large enough disaster possibly able to tear the country apart.
In 1860, the economy of the Persian Empire collapsed unto debts and high inflation. And the Al-Fayid parliament started to get trouble about the politics of the country. After popular incidents and revolts, the king Akbar I Mafur was kicked off his country, and then the parliament has taken over the control of the country.
The parliament has elected Mustafar I the new successor of the country. With its social and economic ideals, the government has been increasing on prestige. Mustafar I presented the new currency of Persia and implanted new generals for the army. After his death in 1878, his son, proud of nationalism and religion, has taken over control of the country.
Mustafar II has sent a ultimatum to Oman to give military access to mobilize soldiers to prevent a military invasion of Arabia. The ultimatum was denied, and Persia has declared war against Oman. After 2 years of fight, Persia has shown advantages in the military front and proceeded with offensive tactics. After taking over Muscat, Oman has capitulated and Oman had to give military access to Persia and pay reparations.. In 1910, after diplomatical incidents, Persia has shown a great affection by the Egyptian army and has offered an alliance for protecting its “ideals”.(edited)
Beginning shortly after the conquest of the Carolinas by the ASA, and still ongoing by the takeover of Kentucky by the Netlanders, the condition of the already politically unstable and destitute region of the former American Southeast began growing noticeably worse by the day. With existing state governments already beginning to break down over increasingly petty issues, the idea of a national provisional government began to appeal to the masses. Well, most of the masses. The issue, now, is that two large factions with widely differing opinions on how the new government should correct the issues of the old have formed, along with many other smaller factions that tend to side with one of two big ones. The larger of the main factions is the Southern Confederacy, which believes, in essence, that no two men, especially of different races, are created equal. They believe that the government should remain largely decentralized, in minimal governmental intervention in the economy at best, and that the slavery of blacks and other various "colored folk" should continue, and even be widely endorsed.
The opposing faction, which has most of the smaller dissenting groups going along with it, is the United Southern States. Their name gives it away. They believe a more diverse range of things, but they are tied together by the common beliefs and goals that follow: 1. That peaceful and eventual restoration of the United States is a worthy and righteous goal that the South, and the other states making up the former US should strive towards.
2. The principles of liberty, equality, federalism, democracy, and American exceptionalism.
3. (Very... broadly) That slavery, long justified by a wide-held belief that minorities caused the collapse of the US, instead of a massive supervolcano, was a sign of failure for the US to keep around. To believe that unpaid laborers should do more or less all the manual labor in certain fields for nothing in return is a lazy, downright elitist concept to them. Of course, the smaller factions all have their own additional beliefs, but they don't amount to much when compared to the more widely-held ones.
Only time will tell if one of these factions manages to come out on top, and at what cost they will: lives, long-held beliefs, dignity, or all three?
The Empire of Brazil would be established after the Brazilian war of Independence Pedro I would encounter many crisis during his reign including a secessionist rebellion in the Cisplatine Province and Argentina attempting to annex said province but other then that Pedro's reign would be uneventful, On the 7 April 1831 Pedro I would abdicate in favor of Pedro II while he went to Portugal to restore his daughter to the throne. Pedro II reign is seen as the golden age of Brazil under his reign Brazil had the eighth largest navy in the world and unlike other south American countries during this period was political stable and also was prosperous economically. In the 1890s an attempted coup would be led by the pro slavery faction of the empire originally aiming to replace the prime minister it would become a republican coup. Thanks to loyal regiments of the Army and the Brazilian marine corps the coup would fail and all those involved would be punished and a few months later after the monarchy was secure Pedro II would abdicate in favor of his daughter who has not made any impact during her reign but her popularity due to signing the golden law should not be underestimated
Arising from Second Schleswig War in 1864, the North Atlantic Union (formerly the Icelandic Commowealth) came into existence following the "The Rekykjavik Uprising" in 1808. With nationalistic and republican sentiment finally boiling over after the Prussian invasion of Denmark, the only city on the island was seized and Iceland's independence was declared. The main island’s liberation was soon completed after a small skirmish between the pro-independence militia and a small loyalist force ended with a Loyalist surrender with minimal casualties on both sides. Despite having some sympathies to various liberal forces in Europe, the newly re-establish Alþingi declared neutrality in the conflicts on the continent. Despite this claimed neutrality, the leaders of the newly formed "Icelandic Commonwealth" were soon to sign a series of 3 treaties with the British detailing fleet basing rights for the British in Iceland and a loose defense agreement. Due to these agreements and the acquisition of a small squadron of 9 armed Merchant ships and a small Danish frigate, the Icelandic rebellion was free to perform a series of attacks on other Danish territories in the north, seizing Torshavn in June of 1864 and the island of Svalbard fell into Icelandic hands in November of the same years, despite the harsh weather. An attempt to capture Greenland was made in early 1865 but ended in failure after the Danish frigate ran aground, heavily damaging it and killing 12 sailors. Despite this minor defeat, another attempt was made a month later that was more successful as the Icelandic soldiers managed to capture Nuuk and Holsteinsborg, with little resistance and no casualties.
While the Icelandic Commonwealth held these two major settlements, whether they could assert any authority over the rest of the massive island is disputed and most historians agree that, they could not even if they tried. Either way the Icelandic Government declared it a successful liberation. With the end of defeat of Denmark by the Prussians and Austria a year before, the Icelandic Commonwealth managed to bring the Danish government to the negotiation table after an Icelandic privateer fleet attacked the Copenhagen port and destroyed 3 Danish ships and killing hundreds. Iceland was soon granted independence with all the Arctic territories it managed to seize, though whether this included all of Greenland or just the cities of Nuuk and Holsteinsborg is still debated to this day, under the condition it remains a neutral party on the world stage (proposed by a British delegation to the treaty signing). This stance of international neutrality would eventually be added to the national constitution, along with a change in name to the North Atlantic Union, in 1869. Since then the country has avoided entanglements with international alliances and has only fought a single war since 1870 lasting from July 1873 to October of the same year between itself and a small Polynesian tribe over the death of an Icelandic citizen visiting their island, the war had no casualties and ended with the paying of compensation to the citizen's family in the form of a piglet and 2 fertile hens. The Union has mostly been ignored in international conflicts and has acted as neutral ground for diplomacy and trade multiple times between minor powers. Conflict remains in Greenland to this day, as the Union continues attempts to reign in control of the island and asserts that the entirety of the territory is its own
Shortly after the incident in 1856 in the United States, the United Mexican States were reorganized and reformed to include the territory of Arizona - which was acquired through Arizona's own secession from the United States of America. After the acquisition of Arizona, the Government of Mexico sought to expand to new territories and acquire new colonies.
After Encountering resistance on the mainland, the military was reduced considerably in size
During the dawn of the first great war, Norway was preparing to inevitably be forced to pick sides and ally themselves with other nations. Haakon VII The King of Norway at the time was seen as an unfit leader at this point and a coup began. After 2 months of rebellion in Norway, King Haakon VII was executed and replaced with Joric Falk IV.
Joric pledged to stay neutral as long as possible and to avoid conflict for the sake of the Norwegian people
It was renamed the Empire of Vatul. During the beginning months of 1914 Haakon VII began assembling troops as he saw war as inevitable taking kids from ages 14 and up to be called to arms. Joric IV coming from an aristocratic family saw that war would be the undoing of the great nation of Norway. On March 23rd 1914 Joric and his supporters rallied in Oslo to demand Haakon to reconsider his decision. Joric was then arrested for treason and sentenced to death, however this would not stick. On April 16th a group of soldiers gathered at the prison and freed Joriv. They led a small invasion to Haakons home where they executed him and transfered power to Joric IV.