The National Archives of the Union's Office of the History of the Nation is charged with the recording and maintaining the history of the Castillian people from antiquity to present day, as well as increasing public access to information regarding the history of the nation and its people. The agency is designated by the Grand Castillian Senate to be officially responsible for maintaining past historical Acts of the Senate, Premier Authoritative Orders, Proclamations, other federal regulations, and landmark court decisions. The Office of the History of the Nation is headed by the Chief Historian of the Union, who reports directly to the Archivist of the Union, who heads the Archives at large.
The Earliest History: The Lower Paleolithic to Early Viridian Empire
The earliest known estimate of Homo Erectus settling what is known as the Viridian Isle occurred around 1.8 million years ago, presumably crossing an ice bridge from a now-submerged continent. Controlled use of fire is estimated to have started around 800,000 years ago, with modern humans Homo Sapiens appearing on the Viridian Isle around 200,000 years ago. Spreading along the coastline, they often clashed with Erectus and completely wiped out the species 195,000 years ago. The most significant advent of the Upper Paleolithic was agriculture, developed by Sapiens on the Viridian continent around the 9th millennium BC. Evidence proving this was found at the Rotterdam Dig near Vensel in the Castillian Republic. By the 5th millennium the wheel had been invented on Viridia, whether that and the concept of agriculture was the first to be discovered in Viridia is unknown and highly contested. Within 2900 BC literate cuneiform has been developed as well as proto-latin, a tongue attributed as being the forebearer to Castillian Latin. This ends the Neolithic era late in 792 BC and begins the Bronze Age in Viridia, where the development of tools and formidable weapons begins. This is also noted as the end of the Neolithic for three reasons: (i) the collapse of the Hexatopolic supercontinent due to the eruption of a supervolcano designated "Dominus Priebe", (ii) the subsequent ash cloud that covered the northern area of Greater Dienstad for at least one year, killing 42% of the Sapiens population, and (iii) rise in sea levels covering any existence of the Hexatopolic continent. These events were marked by the first recorded events of history in Viridia. It was treated by many civilizations as an apocalyptic end-time event, however civilization flourished after the event, as well as formed significant pantheons.
Fresco depicting the "Bull Sport" of the
Balochians, circa 290 BC
is the Castillian Republic, several city-states vie for power as they are overlooked by the growing Balochians and their wealthy merchant-based economy. Iron Age states such as the Balochians developed mercantile cultures, the concept of barter and currency, and developed military strategy, as evidenced in the Battle of Brivstasvl against the Maecaynites, which was the first recorded battle between civilizations in the Viridian continent. The Balochians victory against the Maecay people at Brivstasvl led to conjunction of the first organized empire. The Balochian people had subsequently liquidated the Maecaynites and either sold them into slavery or killed them outright. The destruction of the Maecay was the first recorded conquest of another person in Viridia, and the Balochians further flourished as they conquered city-states like Helsindi, Gast, Melatia, and Videmal. The most prominent of rulers of the Balochians, Bathkyr, or Bathkyr the Great, led campaigns as far north as the Chaleur Mountains, where inexperience in fighting in cold elements as well as lack of familiarity of terrain led to defeat at the hands of the tribal bands in those areas, such as the Kepti. Retreating over thousands of miles through the brutal winter, pursued by the Kepti and Vegtik tribes back to Balochia, Bathkyr found his empire in disarray as Melatia and Gast had rebelled and the incredible distance he had went to the Chaleur mountains had given him lack of communication with his court back home. With the Kepti and Vegtik warrior closing in on Becik, the capital, and Gast mounting a large army, Bathkyr committed suicide and thus ended the Balochians as they were submitted into slavery by several different tribes and peoples. Becik was razed and sacked by the Kepti, and left to ruin. Becik lies near the modern-day city of Torrington, and some ruins still stand, such as the Temple of Bacidalus.
While Balochia was liquidated circa 250 BC, Gast had filled the power vacuum and reformed itself into the regional power. With their capital of Viridius on the glimmering shores facing what is now Mokastana, the people of Gast had reformed themselves into the Viridius Republicae, using what technology the Balochians had developed and with the minds of some of the greatest philosophers and inventors such as Saetonius, Fiscus Pilus, Contarch, and Belphaestus, over the course of 50 years, develop Viridius into a beautiful flourishing city with freshwater brought in from lakes on hundreds of miles of aqueduct networks. The Senate, the ruling class of citizens who dictated the policy of Viridius Republicae, is led by a triumvirate of princeps, or "First Citizens". The Triumvirate reached the peak of its power in 192 BC, when it was led by the "The Three Good Men", namely Cassius Lucidus, Albinovanus, and Aeschrion of Aethella (also known as Aeschrion the Undaunted), and was notable in history for being the last triumvirate before the Junia Conspiracy in which led to a three-year power vacuum and formed the Republicae into the Viridian Empire.
Cassius Lucidus was a well-known financier in the Viridius forum, and had considerable influence in buying his way into the Senate using his vast fortune. Cassius had owned silver mines north of Viridius, in the border regions between the farthest reach of the Republicae and the Pantharian Kingdoms, and also invested much of his fortune into wine and olive oil production, owning a considerable chunk of the market in those two products. Albinovanus came from an already-powerful political dynasty, being the fifth senator of his family. Albinovanus was also an accomplished statesman, having brokered peace between the Republicae and the Galatia Thalassokratia in 194 BC after nearly a decade of bloodshed between the two neighbors. Aeschrion, who was not a native of the Republicae but of Aethella and was "naturalized" after being sent to train under the tutelage of Cathellus, a skillful early Republicae military commander, who had seen many engagements in the Thalassokratian Wars and had considerable victories at Amnisos, Berge, and Edessa. Aeschrion, becoming a military commander alongside Cathellus and earning his right as a Republicae citizen, earning a reputation for fierce tenacity in battle and wise command decisions while also racking up much debt living a lavish lifestyle much beyond his means. His place in the Triumvirate was only guaranteed by Cassius, who paid the debts and funded an expedition for Aeschrion to then repay his debt to Cassius. In 193 BC, Aeschrion set out with 10,000 men, IX Aevecrates Legio, to rally against the Sullenic tribes to the east in Sulla. After nine months and numerous victories against Haerincatorix and his Sullenic warriors, defeating them finally after a month-long siege at Taevel (near present-day Grantham), and taking all of the city's coffers in silver by the pound a thousand, as well as nearly five-thousand slaves, which were sold at home in the Republicae and abroad. By 192 BC, Aechrion had paid his debts to Cassius and emerged as a wealthy rival to him, while Albinovanus began to suffer ailments from