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by The United Commonwealths of Alteran Republics. . 601 reads.

GOV.ALT // History [WIP]

Timeline of Past Alteran Events

Monitored and maintained by the Council of Culture and Education and
the Alteran Council of Information, this section of the GOV.ALT site gives
quick, easy access to information and services relating to major events,
and historical figures relating to Altera.

0 H.E.
10,000 B.C.E.

Beginning of the Holocene (Human Era) Calendar.
Marks the first period when humans present on the Alteran islands begin to build permanent stone structures for a greater, communal purpose.
These first structures required an unprecedented level of organisation, communication and logistics for the era.

4,500 H.E.
5,500 B.C.E.

Humans within the islands begin to create settlements based around agriculture, planting first examples of wild grains for cultivation.
Some animals, such as horses, boars and sheep become domesticated.

5,000 H.E.
5,000 B.C.E.

A tradition of massive Neolithic architecture begins with passage graves; a stone passage leads into the centre of a great mound of turf.
Each tomb chamber - first of wood but later of stone - contains the dead of the surrounding community.
First examples of crude masonry, for habitable buildings, are utilised.

7,500 H.E.
2,500 B.C.E.

Settlers migrating from mainland Altera and Raeldon, begin to settle the Balwark Islands.
Islands are rich in volcanic mineral-enriched soils, allowing for agriculture to flourish.

8,000 H.E.
2,000 B.C.E.

Settlements begin to unify, mainly through inter-mingling of populations and conquest.
Hundreds of individual communities, each with their own identities, is reduced to less than fifty unique populations.
In spite of the obstacle of the North Mesder Sea - which separates Altera from Raedlon and the islands to the north and west, Altera is influenced by successive waves of immigrants or invaders from the continent and across the seas.

9,200 H.E.
800 B.C.E.

By the end of the 8th Century BCE, most of the inhabitants within the Alteran region lived in isolated, tribal communities far inland - or in various small kingdoms located along the coastline and rivers of Altera.
The most prominent of these was the Kingdom of Fyenrir, which spanned across Southern Altera and the recently conquered Balwark Islands.
During this period, several languages were spoken across the region; most notably Early-Alteran, Fyenrirn and Braeton.

9,600 H.E.
400 B.C.E.

The use of iron-forged tools and objects becomes widespread.
The skill of these blacksmiths, namely concentrated in the Kingdoms of Fyenrir and Altera, enabled these communities to create a variety of durable tools, cultural items and weapons.
Using these tools, agricultural communities were soon established to feed and growing cities - where it's inhabitants were able to focus on other pursuits.
These cities became cultural and industrial powerhouses and used their newly found wealth, influence and power-projection to lay claim to larger swathes of territory.

10,010 H.E.
10 C.E.

The first writings of the dominant Alteran religion, the Blessings of Earendel - also known as the Blessings of the Dawn - are created.

10,100 H.E.
100 C.E.

Two major nations dominate the mainland; Altera to the north and Fyenrir to the South.
Both of these nations had a stable, mixed economy - that actively trading with one another and other surround tribes and kingdoms.
Extensive networks of fields associated with small farming settlements.
A mixed farming economy is suggested by cattle, sheep and pig remains and the processing of cereals including wheat, barley and oats. Improved cereal crops and breeds of domestic animals were developed and introduced.

10,630 H.E.
630 C.E.

Fyenrir begins an age of expansion; mainly through conquest and arranged marriages.

10,823 H.E.
823 C.E.

The young - but ambitious and inspiration - prince by the name of Eathelbart assumed the throne of Fyenrir.

10,834 H.E.
834 C.E.

Eathelbart is killed in mysterious circumstance, and having no heirs, a power vacuum envelops within Fyenrir.
A civil war takes hold within the nation.

10,840 H.E.
840 C.E.

The "Hundred Years War" begins, as Altera aims to take advantage of Fyenrir's weakened status and invades.

10,956 H.E.
956 C.E.

After over a century of rapid expansion and lulls, the majority of Fyenrir has been conquered and is under Alteran control.

10,978 H.E.
978 C.E.

The "Siege of Lanercost" begins, as Alteran forces lay siege to the capital of Fyenrir.

10,986 H.E.
986 C.E.

The "Siege of Lanercost" ends with an Alteran victory, ending the "Hundred Years War"; ending Fyenrian dominance.

11,050 H.E.
1050 C.E.

The collective of Alteran nations begins the process of unification into one nation: the Alteran Republics.
Though they had been informally known as this before, it would only be during this period onwards that the name was formally used.
Alteran Parliament, formally signed into being by King Heremon - ending the Alteran monarchy.

11,084 H.E.
1084 C.E.

A collection of scriptures relating to the heart of Earendelism, the Lantea Scripts, are documented on the skins of over 300 calves.

11,143 H.E.
1143 C.E.

The War of the Standards begins; a civil war that ignites between factions in a bid to seize control of the nation.

11,147 H.E.
1147 C.E.

The War of the Standards end with a victory for the factions allied with Parliament. In order to preserve the peace a new position as the Head of State, the Lord Protector, is formed.
Magnus Mylner becomes the first Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of Alteran Republics.

11,190 H.E.
1190 C.E.

Grand Athenist Okerfair Lake, highly respected religious leader within Altera, is assassinated.

11,208 H.E.
1208 C.E.

Balwark Rebellion begins, as the islands - dissatisfied with the rule of Parliament - openly declares independence.

11,209 H.E.
1209 C.E.

In a bid to retake the island, Lord Protector Aedan Morrison personally leads an invasion of the islands.
In a series of failed landings, storms and repelled attacks, Morrison is captured and leaves the Alteran forces in disarray.

11,212 H.E.
1212 C.E.

In a bid to retake the island, Lord Protector Ean Avelson takes power in Altera and reorganises the suppression of Balwark, ending the rebellion.

11,461 H.E.
1461 C.E.

First explorers land and 'discover' the Wake Islands, contacting natives.
Natives warmly welcome the explorers, showing them with gifts of pelts, beads, and local delicacies.
Expedition considered a success, returning home to Altera with news of an 'unspoilt' virgin island'.

11,465 H.E.
1465 C.E.

Explorers return to Atolla, bringing with them more goods to trade with the natives.
Missionaries begin to arrive in an attempt to convert the natives to Earendelism.

11,472 H.E.
1472 C.E.

First settlers arrive in Atolla, seeking a new life in what is colloquially called "New Altera".
Some settlers attempted to settle on the other Wake Islands, but failed.
New settlement on Atolla named "Atolla"; which would later be used as the name for the island.

11,534 H.E.
1534 C.E.

Merchants and explorers make initial contact with natives living within modern New Aapelistan (Aprosia).
Despite some initial negative experiences with the natives, a peaceful dialogue was eventually established.

11,545 H.E.
1545 C.E.

An initial trade settlement established within New Aapelistan (Aprosia).
Alteran merchants traded goods with natives, mainly local and indigenous fruits, herbs, meats and animal pelts.
First Earendelist missionaries began to arrive, though to a hostile reception - was largely unable to convert much of the native populace.

11,602 H.E.
1602 C.E.

First permanent Alteran settlement official established - largely based around the original trade port of Dornten.
Dornten would become the major hub for Alteran-led trade and investment in New Aapelistan (Aprosia).

11,607 H.E.
1607 C.E.

Aiming to protect their overseas investments, Alteran colonists persuade the Alteran Confederacy to invest in defenses.
A series of wood forts and erected around the territory, to defend against hostile elements of the local natives.

11,652 H.E.
1652 C.E.

Following the success of colonists and industries in Atolla, the Mesder Trading Company charter written for Atolla.
The company assumes control of the island, establishing its own local government, taxes and laws - albeit making it a de-facto Alteran colony.

11,707 H.E.
1707 C.E.

After a century of expansion, settlement and conflict, New Aapelistan (Aprosia) official absorbed into the newly established Alteran Commonwealth.
A mixture of local Aprosians and Alterans are handpicked to form and lead a colonial government - that is still answerable to the Alteran Confederation.

11,798 H.E.
1798 C.E.

The Company Colony of Atolla is merged into the Alteran Commonwealth of Republics, formally beginning its path to independence.
Local government is given increased autonomy and aligned with the government, laws and taxes of other Alteran Republics within the Commonwealth.
Dominion of Atolla is formed.

11,800 H.E.
1800 C.E.

Fearing the possibility of an invasion and anti-Alteran sentiment spreading in Arvan, a naval detachment is sent to the tiny nation.
Although openly opposed by Dormill and Stiura (the United Republics), Alteran colonists began to arrive in Arvan.

11,805 H.E.
1805 C.E.

In response to the reactivation of the United Republics Army in Dormill and Stiura (the United Republics), Altera sends additional forces to bolster the Arvan garrison.

11,808 H.E.
1808 C.E.

Following a series of heightened tensions and border clashes, Dormill and Stiura (the United Republics) declares war on Arvan and the Alteran Commonwealth.
Although losing ground initially, reinforcements from Altera push back the front and begin a long war of attrition.

11,812 H.E.
1812 C.E.

Unable to afford the cost of continual attritional warfare, Dormill and Stiura (the United Republics) sues for peace with Arvan and the Alteran Commonwealth.
Settling for the status quo, the conflict ensured the continued independence for Arvan, as well as a continued Alteran presence.
Arvan was later offered an 'Associate' position within the Alteran Commonwealth; not given membership, but allow to observe and take part in Commonwealth affairs.

11,916 H.E.
1916 C.E.

The Alteran Republics acts as an independent observer during the signing of the 'Treaty of Lonsdale', signed in Serpens Land; ending the conflict with the Republic of Erodesia.

11,928 H.E.
1928 C.E.

Altera officially observes and ratifies the 'Greyhelm Laws' signed in Serpens Land, favouring trade relations with the Alteran Republics; continuing the rebuilding and stabilization of the Serpens Land economy.

11,932 H.E.
1932 C.E.

The 'Byrch Declaration', signed at the 1932 Commonwealth Conference, set out plans to reform the Alteran Commonwealth into the Commonwealth of Republics. The plan was to reform the organisation into a jointly-led venture; to spread the principles of free speech, freedom of the individual, the free market and open, fair trade.

11,939 H.E.
1939 C.E.

Following their defeat to Neo-Imperial forces, the government of Serpens Land flees to Altera; establishing a government in exile. They would be later by joined by remnants of the Serpens Land Naval Force, which seeks safe harbour in Alteran waters.

11,939 H.E.
1939 C.E.

The Commonwealth of Republics is formed and ratified, with Alteran Republics, Aprosia, Arván and Atolla being amongst the first member states.

11,949 H.E.
1949 C.E.

Serpens Land, a long-time ally of the Alteran Republics, joins the Commonwealth of Republics.

11,950 H.E.
1950 C.E.

In the aftermath of the Imperial War, support for Aprosian independence, both in Altera and Aprosia come to its height.
The 'Aprosian Independence Act' is signed law, beginning the process of formally recognising and creating an independent Aprosia.
Though progress was slow, there was a genuine effort to ease the nation into independence - fearing any drastic change would tip Aprosia into conflict and unrest.

11,951 H.E.
1951 C.E.

Increase political tensions with New Aapelistan (Aprosia) lead to a spike on armed conflict; the "Aprosian Emergency" begins.
Anti-Alteran groups, including some affiliated with Communist ideologies, clash with colonial and local force; eventually supported by Alteran reinforcements.

11,949 H.E.
1949 C.E.

Following their defeat in the Imperial War, and their radical series of reformed, Athara Magarat joins the Commonwealth of Republics.

11,955 H.E.
1955 C.E.

After a change in the provisional government, Alteran military command Geoffrey Hayward arrives in New Aapelistan (Aprosia).
The change in leadership leads to a change in tactics; shifting from a 'scorched-earth' policy to a 'hearts and minds' campaign.

11,957 H.E.
1957 C.E.

Despite tensions still rife in New Aapelistan (Aprosia), Alteran forces claim victory in the Aprosian Emergency campaign.
Alteran forces begin to pull out, whilst politicians and policy makers finalise the process for Aprosian independence.
Aprosia claims independence from the Alteran Confederacy, but remains a member of the Alteran-led Commonwealth of Republics.
The Serpens Land monarchy, headed by King Albert, is deposed and seeks asylum in the Alteran Republics.

11,958 H.E.
1958 C.E.

King Albert of Serpens Land dies in exile, within in the Alteran Republics. He is succeeded by his son, Edward I.

11,959 H.E.
1959 C.E.

Dissatisfied with the direction and lack of progress of the democratic movement within New Aapelistan (Aprosia), Altera privately supports military coup in the former colony.
In return for re-establishing good relations and some control over the nation, Altera lends economic and military aid.

11,965 H.E.
1965 C.E.

Fearing having a destabilized nation on its doorstep, elements of the Alteran Ground Defence Force are flown into Serpens Land to administer the peace, dissuading supporters of General Allard from launching a countercoup.

11,968 H.E.
1968 C.E.

After a violent coup in New Aapelistan (Aprosia), anti-Alteran forces expel or execute thousands of Alterans; leading to many more attempting to flee the nation.
In an attempt to support pro-Alteran government and Alteran citizens, Alteran special forces land in the nation - and are able to extract thousands of trapped Alterans.

11,992 H.E.
1992 C.E.

'Atolla Autonomy Act' is signed into law, which would begin the process of full independence for the island nation - starting in 1997.

11,997 H.E.
1997 C.E.

'Atolla Autonomy Act' comes into effect - beginning the transition process for independence within Atolla.

12,016 H.E.
2016 C.E.

Atolla Republics given full independence from Altera - becoming an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Republics.

12,018 H.E.
2018 C.E.

November; 'Griffon Godfrey' / '17/11 Attacks' bombings kill 258 civilians, excluding the shooting of 6 looters and 8 bystanders in an unlinked shooting.
All members of the Curia Government, including then Strategos Albinus Rector, killed in the attack. Keith Ryansan assumes control of the government and uses emergency powers to stabilise the situation.

Merito non pareret. | By merit, not birth.

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