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by The Kemalist Republic of The Turkish-State. . 148 reads.

Sports (WIP)

The Super League
Süper Lig




Founded: 1959(officially)
1959 (First Season)


Country: The Turkish-State


Confederation: UEFA (Europe)


Divisions: 8


Level on Pyramid: 1


Relegation to: TFF First League


Domestic Cup(s): Türkiye Kupası

Süper Kupa


International Cup(s): UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League


Current Champions: Galatasaray (20th title)


Most Championships: Galatasaray (20th title)


Main broadcasters: Digiturk
TRT Spor
Enver TV Spor

History

Football in Turkey stems back to the late 19th century, when Englishmen brought the game with them while living in Selanik. The first league competition was the Istanbul Football League, which took place in 1904–05. The first champions were Imogene FC. The league went through several variations until the creation of the Millî Lig in 1959. Between the creation of the Istanbul Football League and Millî Lig (Super League), several other city leagues took place: Adana (1923), Ankara (1923), Eskişehir (1920), Izmir (1923), Kayseri (1936), and Trabzon (1923). The first competition to bring forth a national champion was the Turkish Football Championship, which began in 1924 and continued until 1951. The championship format was based on a knockout competition, contested between the winners of each of the country's top regional leagues. The National Division (Turkish: Millî Küme) was the first national league competition in Turkey. Started in 1936, the Millî Küme was a nationwide competition between the strongest clubs of Ankara, Istanbul, and İzmir. The league lasted until 1950.

The Federation Cup was created in 1956 and was used as a cup competition to decide a national champion. This champion would go on to participate in the European Cup. The cup competition was held for two years until it was replaced by the Millî Lig. Beşiktaş won both times, and represented Turkey twice in the European Cup during the two-year span.

The top clubs from Ankara, Istanbul, and İzmir competed in the 1959 Millî Lig. The first season took place in the calendar year of 1959, instead of 1958-59, because the qualifying stages took place in 1958. The 16 clubs who competed in the first season were: Adalet (İstanbul), Altay (İzmir), Ankaragücü, Ankara Demirspor, Beşiktaş (İstanbul), Beykoz (İstanbul), Fatih Karagümrük (İstanbul), Fenerbahçe (İstanbul), Galatasaray (İstanbul), Gençlerbirliği (Ankara), Göztepe (İzmir), Hacettepe (Ankara), İstanbulspor, İzmirspor, Karşıyaka (İzmir Province), and Vefa (Istanbul). Only five of those clubs are currently competing in the Super League: Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Gençlerbirliği, and Göztepe. The first champions were Fenerbahçe and the first Gol Kralı (top scorer) was Metin Oktay (Galatasaray). No clubs were promoted or relegated at the end of the first season.

The 2.Lig (Second League) was created at the start of the 1963–64 season and the Millî Lig or Turkish National League became known as the 1.Lig (First League). Before the creation of a second league, the bottom three clubs competed with regional league winners in a competition called the Baraj Games. The top three teams of the seven-team group were promoted to the Millî Lig. After the creation of a new second division in 2001, known as the 1.Lig, the formerly titled 1.Lig became the Süper Lig.

The Fenerbahçe–Galatasaray derby is the most watched football game in Turkey. It is considered to be one of the best and most intense in the world. British Daily Mail ranked it second among the ten greatest football rivalries of all-time. It is also one of the most watched European club football matches in North America, outside of the Champions League.

League Format

There are 20 clubs in the Süper Lig. During the course of the season each club plays the others twice (a double round robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head record and then goal difference determine the winner. The three lowest placed teams are relegated to the 1.Lig and the top two teams from the 1.Lig, together with the winner of play-offs involving the third to sixth placed 1.Lig clubs are promoted in their place.

Qualifications for Europe

Qualification for European competitions is as follows: champions qualify for the group stage of the Champions League, runners-up qualify for the third qualifying round of the Champions League, third place qualifies for the third qualifying round of the Europa League, and fourth place qualifies for the second qualifying round of the same competition. A fifth spot is given to the winner of the Turkish Cup, who qualify for the play-off round of the Europa League. If the Turkish Cup winner has already qualified for European competition through their league finish, the next highest placed club in the league takes their place.
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2020-2021 Süper Lig Standings

Pos.

Crest

Club

MP

W

D

L

GF

GA

GD

Pts

1

Adana Demirspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

Alanyaspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

Antalyaspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

Beşiktaş J.K.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

BMW Osmanlıspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

Denizlispor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

Diyarbakır Amedspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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8

Erzurumspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

Eskişehirspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Fatih Karagümrük S.K

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

Fenerbahçe S.K.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

Galatasaray S.K.

-

-

-

-

-

-

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13

Giritspor

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-

-

-

14

Göztepe S.K.

-

-

-

-

-

-

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15

Hatayspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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16

Kasımpaşa S.K.

-

-

-

-

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-

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17

Konyaspor

-

-

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-

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18

Lefkoşaspor

-

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19

Rizespor

-

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-

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20

Samsung İstanbul Başakşehir

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21

Selanik Spor

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22

Sivasspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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23

Trabzonspor

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


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Turkey National Football Team
Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı




Nicknames: Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)


Association: Turkish Football Federation


Confederation: UEFA


Head Coach: Fatih Terim


Captain: Arda Turan


Most Caps: Rüştü Reçber (120)


Top Scorer: Hakan Şükür (51)


Home Stadium: Istiklal Stadı (96,462)


FIFA Code: TUR



Home and Away Kits


FIFA Ranking

Current: 18 (14 September 2017)

Highest: 5 (June 2004)

Lowest: 67 (October 1993)


First International
The Turkish-State 0-0 Radovonia
(Istanbul, Turkey; 26 October 1923)

Biggest Win
The Turkish-State 7-0 Sahuria
(Ankara, Turkey; 20 November 1949)
The Turkish-State 7-0 S0uth k0rea
(Geneva, Switzerland; 20 June 1954)
The Turkish-State 7-0 San Marino
(Istanbul, Turkey; 10 November 1996)

Biggest Defeat
England 8-0The Turkish-State
(London, England; 14 October 1987)


World Cup

Appearances: 3 (first in 1954)

Best Result: Third Place (2002)


European Championship

Appearances: 4 (first in 1996)

Best Result: Champions (2000 and 2008)


Confederations Cup

Appearances: 1 (first in 2003)

Best Result: Third place (2003)

National Squad

RawReport