SECTION 1- The Definition of the Founder’s Authority
The founder of the CTSN reserves the right to use their executive powers. They may only use this executive power if there is an immediate threat to the existence of the CTSN. The founder must explain the reasons for any actions that involve the use of executive powers. Once the external threat to the CTSN has abated the founder will restore the powers of the central committee.
ARTICLE 2- On Legislative Power
SECTION 1- The People’s Congress
The People's Congress is defined as the legislative system of CTSN, in which congress nations may submit a proposal or amendment to the constitution to be voted on and passed through popular support.
CLAUSE 1 –The People's Congress Chair
The duties of the People's Congress Chair are to present legislation to the Central Committee, to hold polls and votes within the Congress on relevant matters, and to hold elections for vacant Congress seats. The People's Congress Chair shall have powers over polls.
CLAUSE 2 – Term Limits
Each member of the People's Congress has a term limit of 60 days after which their seat will be put up for vote. People's Congress members may serve Unlimited consecutive terms.
The People's Congress Chairman will have a term limit of 80 days and may serve Unlimited consecutive terms.
CLAUSE 3 - The People's Congress shall consist of no fewer than five congressional seats, plus the Chair. The number of seats shall be a 1 to 10 ratio seats to regional population. For example, 100 nations will result in 10 Congress seats.
SECTION 2- On the Power of the Constitution
The Constitution of the CTSN is the highest law in the CTSN that all member nations must follow.The People's Congress Chairman is responsible for maintaining and updating the the Constitution of the CTSN. All powers not mentioned in the Constitution may not be assumed until those powers have been given through a passed proposal in the People's Congress or an amendment in the Constitution of the CTSN.
SECTION 3- The Tools for Legislative Expediency
CLAUSE 1- The Timed Voting Procedure
Timed voting procedure dictates that voting on a proposal ends at 7 pm ET, 2 days after the proposal or the most recent edit has been submitted. If new edits are submitted, voting continues onto the next day. Proposals and edits will be voted on at the same time, but votes will be cast separately. All votes will be cast on the RMB. Once the voting period ends, the votes will be counted and the majority of the votes will determine the fate of the proposal and/or edits.
CLAUSE 2- Negative Voting
Nations will be able to vote “None of the Above”. Should the most votes in an election be cast towards the "None of the Above" option, a new election with new candidates will become necessary. This is to prevent our people from being forced into an undesirable situation. It is also possible for a nation to cast their vote against an option, either on a proposal or in an election.
CLAUSE 3- Amendments
An amendment has the same procedure as a proposal, with the following exceptions. A vote on an amendment must be carried out through a five day period. This voting period can be extended through a proposal or edit. Voting on an Amendment to the Constitution requires the participation of at all People's Congress nations An amendment is considered part of the Constitution and, therefore, has greater authority than a proposal or edit.
CLAUSE 4- Tied Vote
In the event of a tie at the end of a vote on a proposal, edit, or amendment, the proposal, edit, amendment is given the status of failed and can be brought back to vote through new edits. In the event of a tie during an election the position will go unfilled, until a new election is resumed within 10 days.
ARTICLE 3- On Judicial Power
SECTION 1- Judicial and Investigative Powers
CLAUSE 1- Judicial Power in the CTSN is to be held by the Chairman of the Central Committee. Decisions of guilt are determined solely through a trial. In the case of a trial where the Chairman is the defendant, then the Chairman of the People's Congress will hold judicial power.
CLAUSE 2- The Secretary of Internal Affairs is responsible for monitoring the constitutionality of the actions of any and all nations in the CTSN, including officials and political parties. The Secretary of Internal Affairs may carry out investigations into the actions of any and all nations in the CTSN at their discretion. Where applicable the Secretary of Internal Affairs is responsible for bringing charges against nations to the attention of the Chairman of the Central Committee.
SECTION 2- The Trial
CLAUSE 1- All Trials are to be set up by the Chairman of the Central Committee, or its equivalent, upon receiving the formal charge(s). Each trial will consist of one prosecutor and the defendant. The Secretary of Internal Affairs will act as prosecutor. The Secretary of Internal Affairs may choose a nation from the CTSN to carry out this task on his/her behalf. In the case of a trial where the Secretary of Internal Affairs is the defendant then an Acting Secretary of Internal Affairs takes the position and powers of the Secretary of Internal Affairs. Only one defendant may be tried at a time. The defendant may engage one other nation to represent them in the trial.
CLAUSE 2- The Chairman of the Central Committee must ensure that the charges are competent and have been communicated to the defendant. The hearing will be brought to order and timescales laid out for each section of the trial, normally 48 hours for each section. The Chairman of the Central Committee will invite the prosecutor to make their opening statement laying out all of the evidence to support the charges against the defendant. The defendant (or defendant’s representative) may then make a statement of rebuttal. The prosecution will then be offered to opportunity to rebut the defence arguments. The prosecution may not introduce new material evidence at this stage. Failure to observe this proscription will in every event lead to a mistrial being declared and the defendant acquitted.
CLAUSE 3- The Chairman of the Central Committee will deliberate before returning a verdict and sentence where applicable. The period of deliberation will be no longer than one week after the trial has been closed.
SECTION 3- The Right to Appeal
The defendant has the right to appeal the decision of the Chairman of the Central Committee by means of a special peoples congress proposal. In order for the appeal to be successful, 2/3 of the membership of people's congress must vote to overturn the decision.
ARTICLE 4- The Secretarial System
SECTION 1- Chairman of the Central Committee
It is the responsibility of the Chairman of the Central Committee to directly oversee the endeavours of the Secretaries as well as assign them with new initiatives at his/her discretion. All initiatives are to be strictly public. If at any time they fall out of consuetude with the people the initiatives can be rendered null and void by a passing vote of the People's Congress. Defeated initiatives cannot be revived or re-declared without the approval of the People's Congress. The other main task of the Chairman of the Central Committee is to officially preside over the legislature. The power to declare votes concluded and officially establish the results lays within his/her authority. The abuse of this power would be one such occurrence that deserves a vote of no confidence. Furthermore, if the Chairman of the Central Committee has not officiated the results of a vote within 48 hours of the time that the vote was scheduled to expire, any member of the Secretary may do so.
SECTION 2- Secretary of Internal Affairs
The powers given to the Secretary of Internal Affairs are to maintain internal peace by recommending nations that should be banned and/or ejected. The recommendation must be after the accused nation's offences have been analysed and tried by the CTSN Judicial System. The Secretary of Internal Affairs must know the Constitution and be able to point out any actions which go against it. The position of Secretary of Internal Affairs Is Appointed and Un-appointed by the Chairman And or Founder.
SECTION 3- Secretary of Recruitment
The powers given to the Secretary of Recruitment are to recruit members from all regions, except hostile ones, and spread the name of the CTSN. The Secretary of Recruitment may only use nations within the region to help recruit. If size of the region permits, the Secretary of Recruitment may create an Office of Recruitment with the intent of centralising recruitment efforts. The Secretary of Recruitment is required to organise and supervise recruitment efforts within the CTSN. The Secretary of Recruitment must also allow all CTSN members participate in their collective duty to recruit, however may require certain guidelines and templates. The Secretary of Recruitment Is Appointed and Un-appointed by the Chairman And or Founder.
SECTION 4- Secretary of International Affairs
The powers given to the Secretary of International Affairs are to represent the CTSN in all ally, hostile, and many neutral regions.The Secretary of International Affairs is to report all information of importance to the nations of the CTSN. The Secretary of International Affairs Is Appointed and Un-appointed by the Chairman And or Founder. . The Secretary of International Affairs reserves the right to grant other nations temporary ambassadorship. This position will be referred to as "Undersecretary of International Affairs." Undersecretaries are directly responsive to the secretary and are forbid from taking on FAI's (Foreign Affairs Initiatives) not assigned to them by the secretary. There is no cap to the amount of undersecretaries that can be selected by the secretary as the amount of affairs that directly involve the CTSN is constantly fluctuating. In addition, the secretary maintains the authority to dismiss these comrades at his/her discretion and request that they relinquish the control of their puppet nation so that it can still be used by the Department of International Affairs.
SECTION 5 – Deputy Chairman
The Deputy Chairman is the right hand man or Woman to the Chairman. The deputy Chair is also the WA Delegate of the region, holding some powers. The Deputy Chair is appointed by the Chairman and can be un-appointed by the chairman. The Deputy may also be The Judge in The Court if the Chairman is absent or unble
CLAUSE 1- Restrictions
No nation may hold two Secretarial positions at the same time. They must resign from one to use the power of another.
CLAUSE 2- Absent and Acting Secretaries
In the event a Secretary ceases to exist, he shall forfeit his position, and a new Secretary will be appointed or elected according to Constitutional provisions. Should at any time the most recent government activity of a Secretary be shown to be over ten days prior to the current date, or should any Secretary announce his or her intention to take a leave of absence in excess of five days, the duties of the Secretary shall be executed by an Acting Secretary. An Acting Secretary may be selected in two ways: through the previous election, or through a vote of the People's Congress. Should, in the most recent election, there have been more than one candidate for the inactive Secretariat, the candidate receiving the most votes who did not win the election, and who is a member of the CTSN at the time an Acting Secretary is selected, shall be approached by the Secretary for Internal Affairs and asked to fulfill the position of Acting Secretary. Should he or she refuse the position, the Secretary of Internal Affairs shall approach the next-leading candidate, until he or she finds a willing member or exhausts the total number of eligible candidates. If he or she is unable to find an Acting Secretary according to the provisions of the previous paragraph, be it through lack of interest for the position or lack of candidates in the most recent election, the Secretary of Internal Affairs shall approach the People's Congress and request a People's Congress member to become Acting Secretary, An Acting Secretary shall immediately relinquish his or her power upon the return of the elected Secretary to office, or at such time as a new election is held.
ARTICLE 5- The Departmental System
SECTION 1- The Role of the Departments
Each Secretary, with the exception of the Chairman of the Central Committee, will have a corresponding Department. The Secretary must be a participating member of the Department and must moderate discussion within the Department. The Departments are made up of volunteers from CTSN. The purpose of the Department is to assist the Secretary carry out policies. Departments may organize in a sub region. However, they may not require volunteers to send their WA nations. Nations may participate in as many Departments as they deem appropriate. Departments and their actions are bounded to the Constitution and the People's Congress.
SECTION 2- The Structure of the Departments
CLAUSE 1- Department of Internal Affairs
The Secretary of Internal Affairs is the primary organiser of the Department of Internal Affairs. The Secretary of Internal Affairs may assign tasks that involve Internal Affairs to the members of this Department.
CLAUSE 2- Department of Recruitment
The Secretary of Recruitment is the primary organiser of the Department of Recruitment. The Secretary of Recruitment may assign tasks that involve Recruitment to the members of this Department.
CLAUSE 3- Department of International Affairs
The Secretary of International Affairs is the primary organiser of the Department of International Affairs. The Secretary of International Affairs may assign tasks that involve Interregional Affairs to the members of this Department.
ARTICLE 6- CTSN Political Parties
SECTION 1. Purpose
A. The purpose of CTSN political parties shall be redefined as follows:
Political parties shall seek to advocate specific policies concerning the management and composition of the CTSN government. They shall no longer be focused on RP.
SECTION 2. Party Qualifications
A. To be considered as a party, a platform and party organization structure must be provided in the form of a factbook, with a list of all members. The platform should outline the party's goals for the region.
B. Parties may not advocate for anything fascist or nazi related.
C. Parties must have at least two members at all times.
ARTICLE 7- On Nations’ Rights
SECTION 1- Banning and Ejection
A nation may only be banned or ejected, if it is found guilty by the government of CTSN, as determined by a trial, for subversive or criminal actions against the CTSN or CTSN hosted regions. Only the Secretary of Internal Affairs has the authority to ban or eject criminal nations. The Chairman of the Central Committee assumes this authority in the absence of the Secretary of Internal Affairs or an acting Secretary of Internal Affairs.
SECTION 2- Freedom of Speech
All member and non-member nations in the CTSN have the right to discuss any topic on the regional message board or present and future forums hosted by the CTSN. Posts cannot be suppressed, unless they go against NationStates rules.
SECTION 3- Equality
All member nations have equal rights and are to be treated equal under the Constitution. No law or proposal may hinder the rights of individual nations or groups of nations in the CTSN. All nations have an equal right to a fair trial.
SECTION 4- Voting
No nation is allowed to have a vote be counted twice, especially by puppet.
SECTION 5- Participation
All nations within CTSN have the right to run for any position of the Lower office, unless convicted by trial.
CLAUSE 1 – Restrictions
Members of the People's Congress cannot run for a Central Committee position unless they are fulfilling an acting secretary position.
ARTICLE 8 - Comrade Advisor
Section 1: The Chairman of the Central Committee has the power to appoint an advisor to better communicate the needs of the member-nations as well as to offer input on regional legislation and ideas.
This Advisor shall be known as Comrade Advisor, and shall have no regional powers. The Comrade Advisor must be displayed on the regional factbook in some way.
The Comrade Advisor, if sufficient evidence is presented, may be removed from their position, ejected, or banned following a trial by the People's Congress and then upheld by the Central Committee, since the Advisor is to represent the people as one of his/her roles.
The Chairman of the Central Committee is not required to name a Comrade Advisor, but he/she does have the choice to. Again, this position is not to be given regional powers unless an amendment is made to this Article.