by Max Barry

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by The Federation of Hangates of Athara Magarat. . 163 reads.

Gurung Yantra

The Gurung Yantra in a bodhisattva statue.

The Gurung Yantra (as a character 卍) is an ancient religious icon used by the Khas-Kirati tribes for whom the symbol has been and remains a sacred symbol of spiritual principles in primarily in Gurung Dharma and Buddhism but also in almost all ethnic animist and shamanist religions followed by the Khas-Kirati peoples.

Gurung Yantra has often been considered as just a left-facing Linkswastika by those who do not know the specific Khas-Kirati symbolism and spiritualism behind the religious symbol. Often, the Gurung Yantra has been mistaken for the Hakenkreuz related to Nazi racial ideology, generating misinterpretations, misunderstandings, and mutual accusations.

In Gurung Dharma and in Mantrayana Buddhism, the Gurung Yantra is imprinted on the chest, feet, palms of the Buddha and important bodhisattvas. It is also the first of the 65 auspicious symbols on the footprint of the Buddha.


The word Gurung Yantra literally means 'Gurung's contraption' is named after the legendary Gurung Hang, the Tamu chieftain who became the first non-Yakthung Mahang of the Khas-Kirat Empire and ruled the Khas-Kirati realms from 1006 until his death in 1048. Gurung Hang popularized the symbol which had long been used by his Tamu people in ethnic rituals.


Hypothesis of origin


Historical use

Contemporary use

Misinterpretation of the use