These are the same months that elections were held under our old forumside laws, with elections every 4 months striking the right balance between being able to remove an under-performing Councillor, while also not having elections too often. We will, most likely, hold elections immediately after the forumside cabinet elections are finished, as has been the case in the past. However, the law allows for flexibility, predominantly so LC elections aren't affected by the next inevitable forumside meltdown/crisis/coup.
A Local Councillor may only run for one seat on the LC. Nobody holding the following positions may run for the LC:
Chair of the Assembly
The CRS can prevent any candidate from running if they deem them to be a security threat.
Any nation running must be a resident of The South Pacific, and all candidates must file a Conflict of Interest disclosure, detailing their positions in other regions.
The reasons for the first point are obvious - allowing someone to occupy multiple LC seats (with puppets, for example) would obviously be a bad idea.
We've also banned people holding time-consuming forumside positions from running. The first reason being, that in a large region like TSP, it would be unfair for one person to hold multiple positions of power. The second reason is that, for most people, it would be impossible to put the time and effort required into both jobs simultaneously, so we limit them to one or the other.
Our beloved security organisation the CRS, may, in their eternal wisdom, decide a candidate is a security threat to the region and therefore should not be allowed to run for a position of power. The LC upholds their right to do that, partly because we appreciate what their glorious guiding hand does for the region's safety, and partly because they'd do it anyway if they wanted to, regardless of whether it was in our laws.
Obviously, it would be ridiculous to allow nations residing in other regions to run, but we do allow people who hold positions in other regions (with other nations) to run. We do this because it's very difficult to equate positions in other regions to positions in TSP. There are a wide range of regions in NS, with many different sizes and specialities. While some positions would make it difficult to be a good Councillor at the same time, it would be possible with others, and it's hard to draw the line anywhere. Therefore we allow anybody holding a position in another region to run, but they must make knowledge of those positions publicly available in a Conflict or Interest Disclosure, so voters can decide for themselves if the candidate can still do a good job.
In previous elections, there was a period of only 3 days for candidates to be nominated and to accept nominations. If the election commissioner (the person who receives the nominations and notifies the candidates) was inactive, some candidates may only have a few hours to accept their nomination, which isn't at all a good system. On top of this, the 7 day campaigning period was often quite inactive, so we've decided to lengthen the nominations period to 4 days and reduce the campaigning period to 4 days. On top of this, candidates can also accept their nominations during the campaigning period, and since that doesn't begin until all candidates are notified, this guarantees that all candidates have at least 4 days to accept their nominations.
If there are three candidates or fewer, all candidates will be automatically elected. If there are fewer than three candidates, the delegate will assign any remaining spaces on the Local Council which need to be filled.
If there are between four and eleven candidates, the election will occur as stated.
If there are more than eleven candidates, the vote will be split into two three day polls with the top eleven vote-receiving candidates continuing onto the set of normal voting periods.
Re-open nominations (RON) must be an option on all of the three normal voting periods
In the event of a tie, all tied candidates will be elected unless this takes the number of Local Councillors to greater than three, in which case there will be a separate three day poll for the tied candidates.
In the event of RON winning a poll, any candidates elected prior to that poll will be allowed to take their place on the Local Council without running again, and the nominations would re-open for the remaining places.
If there are 3 candidates or fewer, there is no point in holding elections, because all of them will get elected. The Delegate, being the Delegate, is the best person to appoint someone (against their will) to the LC if necessary. However, this is highly unlikely, as we usually get quite a few candidates for the elections.
If there are between 4 and 11 candidates (which is almost certain to be the case), we hold 3 elections. The first has all the candidates in it, with the winner being elected. The second has all candidates but the first winner, and the winner is elected, and the third has all candidates but the first and second winners, with the winner being the final candidate elected. The reason we hold this instead of a single poll where the top 3 are elected, is because when we used to do that, we'd often have one candidate with a huge portion of the votes, and the next 2 elected candidates would only have a few votes. Also, if a candidate was a lot of people's second choice, they would struggle, since you can only vote for one candidate. With this current system, there is no need for tactical voting, and we ensure that a candidate can't get elected with just a few votes.
If there are more than 11 candidates, we can't put them all in one poll, as the maximum number of options is 12 (game mechanics limitation unfortunately), and RON must be an option. This is why, in the unlikely event of there being more than 11 candidates, we must whittle them down to 11 with 2 preliminary polls, before the election can continue as normal.
A tie is another unlikely event which must be accounted for. Obviously we can't have more than 3 LC members (at the moment anyway...), but if that won't happen, all tied candidates are elected.
If RON wins, then we essentially restart the election process, but it would be unfair for any candidates elected before RON to have to run again, so they get to keep their positions.
A term limits law was suggested by RMBers, and is fairly revolutionary in that this is the first time (to my knowledge) any political position in TSP has had term limits. The point is to allow new blood into the LC, as incumbents are well known and visible in the WFE, so have an automatic advantage in elections. This law ensures that a Councillor can't stay in the position forever, but they can come back after missing a term, since it would be silly to prevent a successful Councillor from ever coming back. We also prevent former members of TSP's cabinet from immediately running for the LC, for much the same reasons.