Φ O·R·I·O·N·I Φ
The Beautiful Empire of Orioni (Oharic: Auriyani Imparaja), commonly referred to as Orioni (o·ri·o·ni; pronounced /ɒɹiːɒniː/ or oh-ree-oh-nee), is a country situated in eastern Europa. It is a gargantuan, environmentally stunning nation, ruled with a fair hand by Her Imperial Highness Joni Nabérrie, and notable for its museums and concert halls, daily referendums, devotion to social welfare, and a keen interest in outer space.
Orioni is a democracy organised in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. The Empress is defined by the constitution as "the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people." It is difficult to tell where the omnipresent government stops and the rest of society begins, but it juggles the competing demands of Law & Order, Social Welfare, and Social Equality. It meets every day to discuss matters of state in the capital city of O'polis.
The Orioni Empire is a highly developed country with one of the largest economies in Europa, supported by a strong maritime-commercial base. Its currency is the ION. The frighteningly efficient Imperial economy, worth a remarkable 5,506 trillion Phis a year, is quite specialised and led by the Book Publishing industry, with major contributions from Uranium Mining, Arms Manufacturing, and Automobile Manufacturing. State-owned companies are common. Average income is an impressive 140,055 Phis, and distributed extremely evenly, with little difference between the richest and poorest citizens.
Its hard-nosed, intelligent population are free to do what they want with their own bodies, enjoy the freedom to spend their money however they like, and vote for whomever they like in elections. Crime, especially youth-related, is totally unknown, thanks to the all-pervasive police force and progressive social policies in education and welfare. Orioni's national animal is the pink dolphin, which frolics freely in the nation's sparkling oceans
The oldest mainstream source for the name is Parhevdi X. Originally, according to transcribed oral traditional, there were five tribes living in the O'polis area on the Altais Plateau: the Anidenya, the Huletenya, the Sositenya, the Aratenya and the Amisitenya. These towns were frequently attacked by clans from the lower coastal land and from the rulers of Tigray province, a part of the Medani empire. The women of each tribe decided that to defeat their common enemy and preserve peace the five tribes must unite. The men accepted, hence the name "Erwanin". Erwanin literally means, in the Indo-European language, "land of the lady".
Erwa means "land" in Indo-European. In the ancient Sumerian cuneiform script, the term Nin was used to denote a queen or lady; other languages use a version of Na or Ma. With Orioni being a matriarchal monarchy, this would create the name Erwa-Nin, or "Land of the Queen". This name contrasts with mainland Europa which is dominated by patriarchal societies using the honorific of "baba" or "father". These others lands would be referred to as "Land of the Father" or Erwa-Ba(b), which in time evolved from Erwabab over Eruaba to Europa.
The name also appears in other languages:
In the 9th century BCE, the ancient Assyrians referred to the nation as Aranu, and the nearby Egyptians called them "Arauni". The Arabic name "Ari" comes from "Aruin".
Other experts have suggested that Orioni is named from the Akkadian Uru-anna, "the light of heaven", the name then passing into Greek mythology as Ὠρίωνί.
The Germanic languages follow a different approach, pronouncing the name as "Urin". This is short for "Urinsel", a compound of ur- "original" and Insel "island". This linguistic term denotes the hypothesised prehistorical homeland of some Germanic clans.
The most distinctively Western Asian title is Urania, the Semitic "queen of the heavens". It has been explained by reference to the lunar character of the goddess, but more probably signifies "she whose seat is in heaven", whence she exercises her sway over the whole world—earth, sea, and air alike.
Ni/Nin = "queen" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NIN_(cuneiform)
Hurri Ni = "lady/queen of (land of) the dawn" (given by mainland Europans)
- Main article: Geography of Orioni
Orioni is an island nation situated in the east of Europa, separated from the Europan mainland by the Tethys Sea; south of Ide jima, separated by the Rosario Sea; and north of former Niederoestereich, separated by the Azure Sea. The closest neighbouring country to Orioni is the former Tamurin republic westward across the Roavia Strait.
The main island is sometimes called the "Home Island". This main island is divided into three parts: western Alnitak where the majority of the Orinese population lives, central Alnilam which is dominated by the Oromiyaa massif and plateau, and northeastern Almintaka which forms a largely uninhabited nature preserve. Besides the main island, there are also 430 smaller islands, of which the larger ones are being inhabited and others remain uninhabited.
• Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
• Territorial sea: 12 nautical miles (22,2 km or 13,8 mi)
• Exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles (370 km or 230 mi)
About 53% of Orioni is forested, mountainous and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. The island is dominated by hill country of more than 500 m above sea-level and in some other elevated regions even 2000 m. The habitable zones are mainly located in coastal areas and have extremely high population densities. As a result, Orioni is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
• Arable land: 16%
• Permanent crops: 15%
• Permanent pastures: 10%
• Forest and woodland: 53%
• Other: 6%
The western part of the country contains temperate forestland and rolling hills, with a strong agricultural imprint on the northern plains and along the river Nordfjord. The Orinoco-river flows through the western part of the country, it's origin located somewhere in the high mountains of towards the east. Thanks to an artificial Owara canal, the Orinoco is connected with the Nordfjord, thus connecting the southern and northern parts of this western region. The canal was built in 1671 by decree of Empress Owara and modernised in around 1900. Between 1895 and 1904, the army engineers enlarged the Owara canal to 25 metres (82 feet) wide and 3 metres (9.8 feet) deep; it was later expanded again to 40 metres (130 feet) wide and 4.5 metres (14.8 feet) deep through a mountainous rocky terrain.
In the east and south, along the shores of the Azure Ocean, are found extensive and densely populated alluvial plains of the Orinoco and the Caroni river, combined with lower mountain ranges in the Valley of Rain to the east. This fertile valley in the southeastern part of the country is curtailed by the Mountains of Ionisos, a mountain range that forms an enclosing arc, and also contains the countries highest point, Mount Oromis at 4802 m.
The northeastern region of Orioni consists of elevated highlands call the Oromiyaa massif and plateau.
+ wildlife reserve
+ Eidin mountains national park
+ Altais mountains: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altis
+ Oromiyaa massif and plateau
+ Mount Osa volcano and caldera: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Aso
+ Orontes river: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orontes_River
Orioni enjoys a fairly warm climate. Temperate easterly winds and southern ocean currents ensure warm summers and very mild winters. Seasons vary per region, with the south being quite warm compared to the rainy west and milder north.
+ Zuidhaven (~ Mumbai)
+ Omnipolis (~ Delhi) --> enkel deze is nodig
+ Nordhaven (~ Paris)
Fauna and flora
The pink dolphin (Inia geoffrensis), which frolics freely in the nation's sparkling rivers, is the nation's national animal. They are quite solitary animals and are primarily found in the main rivers of the Orinoco and Caroni river systems of Orioni. Pink dolphins are unique among dolphins for having molar-like teeth and can chew their prey. Diet of Orioni river dolphins consists of fish, shrimps and crabs. They also eat piranhas and turtles. Pink dolphins are true carnivores (meat-eaters). Pink dolphins can move from rivers to ponds and lakes during the rainy season (when rivers are flooded). Some pink dolphins are actually very rare albinos. Albino dolphins can appear pink instead of white due to the blood vessels under their skin.
+ south = bees
+ east = wild animals (bears, wolves, falcon)
+ north = Europan Wildlife Reserve
The southeastern mountain flanks enjoy a nice climate that allows for vineyards to grow. Lush broad-leaved trees in the northern forest. Most of the country is covered underneath these lush green giants.
- See also: List of cities in Orioni
The Orioni Empire is divided into four regions (Oharic: kilili), each with their own customs and history. Most cities from the First Empire carry the classical suffix -polis (/ˈpɒlɨs/; plural poleis (/ˈpɒleɪz/, [póleːs]), which literally means "city". Historically most of these poleis were organised as monarchy and mainly focussed on trade. Certain cities specialised in one particular type of commodity. Some colonies did experiment with other forms of government, such as the oligarch republic of Primahoris.
Western Orioni has always followed a more continental approach, influenced by its close proximity to the Europan mainland across the Tethys Sea. It is agriculturally important thanks to the fertile land of the Great Plains.
Sirius (Oharic: Siriyus). A city that is known for its wheat export, produced by its productive hinterland on the fertile western plains. For seven days from mid- to late April, the Cerealia were celebrated, a major festival for the grain goddess Ceres. The name evolved from Cerespolis ("city of bread") into Sirius.
Eridanus ("city of the river"). A city located near the inlet east of Sirius. Abandoned when its river dried out. The name lives on as Eridanus bay.
Perseus (Oharic: Parishya). City bids home to the Persei tribe, renowned for their intricate textiles. The name evolved from Persipolis ("city of the Persei") into Persis, and later became Perseus. This location is currently used by the Perseus Naval Base.
Doriapolis ("city of Dorias”). A city ruled by Dorias I the Great and famous for its library. The city lost much of its former glory when local power shifted towards O'polis. It was ultimately abandoned in 356 CE.
Nordhaven (Oharic: Uttura). A city that started out as a Viking settlement during the 11-12th-century crisis. The site lay beside the seaway from north to south Europa. In Oharic the city is referred to as Uttara ("harbor of the north"), although in daily conversations the name Nordhaven is used unanimously.
Pontus (Oharic: Bandas). A city that is known for its fish exports and whale hunting. Its excellent location on both the high-seas and enclosed sea provided for a diverse supply of marine food. The name evolved from Pontipolis ("city of the sea") into Pontis, and later became Pontus.
Central Orioni forms the core of the empire, with its ancient traditions and ageless monuments. It is the geographic location of the first tribes that joined together before politically uniting the entire island.
Coin of Empress
Hanzei II (313-399)
O'polis (Oharic: Ohbuli) or Omnipolis ("city of all"). The original city-state led by tribeswoman Anahita that first consisted of 5 city-states, and later grew into a Queendom, forming the epicentre of the later Empire. In ancient times this area was also referred to as Magna Orioni ("Greater Orioni"). Both internationally and in daily conversations, the city is commonly referred to as O’polis.
Vega. A city located on the Caroni river. The name Vega comes from a loose transliteration of the Oharic word na-sran la vāqi‘ meaning "the landing eagle". The 'eagle' was a type of ship that could sail in both coastal waters and on rivers, making it an ideal transport for small traders. Colonists from Vega went on to found the northern daughter-city of Cygnus. This location is currently used by the Vega Naval Base.
Zuidhaven (Oharic: Ierakshini). A city located in the Orinoco river delta south of O'polis. Originally called Hierapolis ("sacred city”), it became a wealthy merchant city thanks to their trade of scents, perfumes and other religious items. The city was sacked in 1174, marking the end of the civil war. In 1224 it was refounded as Zuidhaven ("harbour of the south") by a mixed band of merchants who drew inspiration from earlier successes at Nordhaven. In Oharic the city was referred to as Irebuli. Zuidhaven is the empire's economic centre, with a population of over 10 million inhabitants. The unofficial metropolitan area extends far beyond, housing an estimated 30 million inhabitants, granting it the classification as a megalopolis.
Gruis (Oharic: Crus). The city known for its massive harbour cranes. It was the most important transfer port between the central and northern regions. The name evolved from Gripolis ("city of cranes") into Gruis.
Andro (Oharic: Entiro). A city ruled by a line of male monarchs, contrary to most other city-states in the Empire which were matriarchies. The name evolved from Andropolis ("city of men") into Andro.
Northern Orioni is the most mountainous region, dominated by the Oromiyaa massif and plateau. Rich in minerals, its mining enterprises provide the majority of resources for the nation's industrial activity. Accessibility is enhanced thanks to the many rivers and coastal roads, as well as a railroad network along the coast.
Coin of King Dion
Dion (Oharic: Dion). City of king Dion, who believed he had magical powers that granted his forests exceptional quality. Dion was a major exporter of timber for shipbuilding. The name evolved from Dionpolis ("city of Dion") into Dion. This location is currently used by the Dion Naval Base.
Cygnus (Oharic: Hangsa). Colony-city found by merchants from Vega, it became famous for its high-quality metallurgy, thanks to the nearby rich ore veins in the Oromiyaa massif. The name evolved from Cygnopolis ("$meaning?") into Cygnus.
Corona Borealis (Oharic: Korontaj). City located in the far north of the Empire. The name evolved from Boreapolis ("city of the north") into Borealis. When the civil war erupted in 1023, the imperial family was forced to flee in 1063 to the loyalist northern part of the island. Due to this they temporarily moved the political capital to Boreapolis, prompting the name change to Corona Borealis ("northern crown").
Eastern Orioni is geographically similar to the central region, but it is less populous due to the more arid climate. The rough inland geography encourages a more seaward attitude.
Oris (Oharic: Horisi). Named after Horis, the god of war, this city run as an oligarchic republic. Its financial clout reached soaring levels thanks to its important role in the now-forbidden regional slave trade. The name evolved from Primahoris ("first warriors") into Oris. This location is currently used by the Oris Naval Base.
Tripolis ("three cities"). City that started out as a collection of three cities, located in the inlet of Great Sea of Dragon Tears (<$Rename>). The city was lost in 79 CE when a massive landslide pushed the entire city into the sea. Seeing this as an omen from the gods, no effort was made to re-found the city.
Meda (Oharic: Mideya). City devoted to the goddess Medea, a renowned sorceress and daughter of the sun goddess Osiri. The inhabitants of Meda were known as experienced sailors, many of whom longed for a return to the original homeland of Amma. This desire is called "nostoi". To support their endeavour the cult of Medea used up vast amounts of resources, sadly never achieving their goal. Other cities continued selling goods to Medea, while the city itself wasted all on their hopeless quest. This story gave easterners the reputation of being stubborn and wasteful. The name evolved from Medeapolis ("city of Medea") into Meda.
Iskandropolis (“city of Iskander”). City founded by Iskander, a general from Andro(polis) who was a crucial figure in the colonisation of the northeast. The name lives on as reference to the Hiskandria river.
+ Europan Wildlife Reserve
- Main article: History of Orioni
Settlement (3000-1800 BCE)
The Orinese people are one of four ancient Europan groups mentioned by classical historians such as Herodotus. The others were the peoples from Tagmatium, Jilderen, Miiros and Volsci. Each of these had regional kingdoms in ancient Europa, with the Orioni dominating the south-east. A minority of orientals consider themselves related to the Orinese.
The first signs of civilisation date from the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age ($years). According to oral tradition, the earliest settlers called themselves Amari. The Amari arrived from the east, following the path of the Sun across the sea before making landfall. Little is known about their Antediluvian history. They first landed on the shores of Europa some several thousand years ago at the end of the Neolithic age. Archaeological signs indicate that an eastern settlement occurred about 3000 BCE. The true origin of these Amari settlers is yet unknown, although the Medeans refer to this previous homeland as Amma.
Temple of Medea
In the subsequent period, the city was ruled by kings from the Scorpio dynasty. During the Second Orioni Empire (°1175), the city come under direct rule by an Orinese governor.
Demographic expansion along the coastal areas occurred over a period of roughly 200 years, from the eastern region along the southern coast all the way to the western edges; the inhospitable northern region proved to be less attractive at the time.
This migration caused the emergence of three distinct tribes. The Itani followed the southern coastline westward. The Tenaru left for the northern lands. The Letos remained in the east.
- Letos (stay east): more traditional
- Itani (go west): came to dominate
- Tenaru (go north): not much know, few written sources
One of many vineyards
in the Valley of Rain
City-states (1800-980 BCE)
Most historians agree that the political sphere during the second millennium BCE consisted of a loose cooperation between cities; no significant enough city was found that could indicate a capital. These city-states and their commercial fortunes rose and fell like the tides. Alliances were forged and broken again. Some city-states evolved into modern cities, while others turned to dust. It is believed that a great harbour city may still lay hidden in the bay off the southern shores near the Orinoco delta. In recent years some artefacts have been discovered.
- Nuraghe tower-fortresses: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuraghe
- See map of expansion
Queendom (980-536 BCE)
Local life based on the size of city-states continued like this for hundreds of years. A real turning point happened when the first states emerged. This period is considered the 'Golden Age' and a time of many legends, clouding the true tale of what happened. It was estimated that around 980 BCE, the roots of the Queendom were put down. Hailing from the fertile valley of what is now called O'polis, a great tribeswoman by the name of Anahita used her position as matriarch to broker a federation between her own city-state and 4 surrounding states, the triangle between O'polis, Vega and Hierapolis (Zuidhaven), in today's central Orioni.
Fragment claims to show
Queen Anahita. Notice the
imperial symbols. (Source)
Although not as rich as other, more coastal cities, this inland cluster was connected to the sea by the Orinoco river. The following decades saw even more coastal towns and cities join this partnership, creating the first Omnipolis ("city of all"), abbreviated to O'polis. The tribe of Anahita used cunning diplomacy and marriage to forge blood ties between the ruling houses of each city. Within its first century, this strong connection between inland and coastal city-states that created the Queendom of Orioni.
The ‘Royal List’ covers rulers of Orioni from a time “after the flood” up to the rise of the First Empire. For many early city-states, it is the only source of chronological data. Unlike current calendars, most ancient calendars were based on how long the current ruler had been in power. A year might be “the 5th year in the reign of Nintoku”. As part of this, each royal year was given a title, like “the year Vega was defeated”. Most often this reflected a deed of the ruler. The compilation of these years is called the date list. A major problem is that many early rulers are listed with reigns of unnatural duration.
According to Ohin Sokhi, the monarchs have an unbroken female lineage that goes back more than 2,900 years. The key to knowing the origin of the Orioni royal line may lie within the ancient imperial tombs known as Altais. However, since the Owara period (1663-1709), the Imperial Household Agency has refused to open the ancient imperial tombs to the public or to archaeologists, citing their desire not to disturb the spirits of the past Empresses. In December 2006, the Imperial Household Agency reversed its position and decided to allow researchers to enter some of the tombs with no restrictions.
First Empire (536 BCE-987 CE)
Soft tactics such as mutually beneficial commercial deals and royal intermarriages with neighbouring monarchies continued to unite the southern coastlands. Once a stronghold was established, what followed was a serious juggernaut of bloody conquests against the island fiefdoms that surrounded it. The Queendom of Orioni promoted expansionism in order to gain more lands for its people. Also, during this time they merged their collective navy. Orioni began annexing eastern states while fighting along its own coastline in the West. Orioni’s expansion took its troops into different areas of the island, gaining ever more land. Both the eastern and western states were conquered. What remained of the independent northern states soon joined the Orioni Empire, unifying the island. In the year 536 BCE, all separate tribes had been united, and the Queendom became known as the Orioni Empire. Borders between previous states faded indefinitely into a single powerhouse under one command.
Many see this period as the Golden Age of exploration, marked by the first excursions into the interior. From the southern deltas, brave men and women followed the course of the great Orinoco upstream, into the denser forest areas to the north and beyond towards the Oromiyaa massif and plateau. In 79 CE the eastern city of Tripolis was destroyed by a massive landslide. Within greater Europa, the extent of their long distance trade is also shown by the presence of Orinese merchants in the Sun Ocean. With the expansion of trade as far as the Rage Sea they were also able to carry out sea trade. At the end of the 2nd century BCE, Orioni found itself ruling over a vast stretch of islands which, after the civil war a few centuries later, returned to their previous independence.
- 2nd Century BCE: "Orioni delenda est"
- 672 CE: years of 3 empresses
- Queen Dido/Elissa of Carthage
- Maiden of blackbird field https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Maiden_(poem)
There appear to have been several introductions of the plague or 'Black Death' into Europa. The Black Death is thought to have originated in the arid plains of southern Europa, where it then travelled along the Silk Road. From there, it was most likely carried by Oriental rat fleas living on the black rats that were regular passengers on merchant ships. The first of such plague reached Vega in October 987, carried by twelve foreign galleys, and rapidly spread all over the city. Galleys from Vega reached Perseus and Andro in January 988, but it was the outbreak in Hierapolis a few weeks later that was the entry point to the Orioni heartland. Spreading throughout Orioni, the Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60% of the total population.
The plague created a series of religious, social, and economic upheavals, which had profound effects on the course of Orioni history. The serfs in Orioni rebelled against Imperial tyranny over their impoverished lives. When the revolt was swiftly crushed, the government punished them with the Draconian Acts; laws that punished the peasant farmers, such as forced conscription for 15 years. This response gave rise to even more hatred towards the crown.
In 995 the Skorpiyo or Scorpio clan put forward a royal pretender of their own, claiming their right to the throne. Scorpio was a clan of spies, manipulators, and assassins who valued loyalty and duty and for whom the ends justify the means. The samurai of the Scorpio clan understood that by dirtying their hands, they ensured that no others need do so. The Scorpio dynasty was founded by Ajonar Scorpio, who was the son of Ajonak Scorpio, the prince of Meda, the capital city of eastern Orioni. Ajonak’s career saw the strengthening of the regional military. He was in charge of the inland conquests in the east and established his stronghold at Meda. His successor Ajonar morphed Meda into a major oriental power in the last decade of the 10th Century. As such, the Scorpio clan held sway over many of the eastern coastal cities.
The growing strength of Scorpio led them to attempt an assassination against the Empress in the symbolic year of 999. For a clan that prides itself on logic, the Scorpio are highly superstitious. A Scorpio samurai says the prayers he needs to say, dons whatever fetishes or talismans he needs to wear that day, and thinks no more on the matter. Many of these superstitions are considered strange among other clans, for example, sprinkling salt on a new garment or never stepping backwards through a threshold. Even though the assassination during this 'Day of Thunder' failed, the Scorpio gained their reputation for ruthlessness in battle. It was Ajonak who said that, "On the battlefield, all actions are honourable." For the Scorpio, truer words were never spoken. If this means poisoning the enemy's supplies, hiring a ninja to assassinate the opposing general, or paying the enemy's soldiers to double-cross them, then that is acceptable.
Civil War (1023-1174)
The economic crisis in Orioni worsened, forcing the ruling government to amend an imperial law review in 1023. This law review allowed parts of the country to secede as independent states. The Scorpio clan took advantage of this opportunity and proclaimed its independence from the Orioni Empire. From their Capital in Meda, they quickly conquered their own hinterland in the east. Outside nations who considered the Orioni Empire a threat secretly supported annexation of the southern coast by Scorpio. By 1056 they controlled large parts of eastern, central and western Orioni. In 1063 they installed their royal pretender on the throne in O'polis.
After their conquest of nearly all of the Orioni Empire in 1056, and the establishment of their usurper Empress Osirsep (meaning: "Osiri is pleased") in O'polis, the Scorpio clan suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Dion ($year) and was halted on its way north. In an attempt to secure his southern borders in order to fend off attacks from the north, Ajonar Scorpio married his daughter to Uthman ibn Naissa, a Europan warlord. However, a second expedition led by Ajonar Scorpio was defeated and Ajonar was killed. A serious weakness amongst the Scorpio conquerors was the ethnic tension between easterners and foreigners. The foreigners had provided most of the soldiers of the invading Scorpio armies but sensed discrimination against them. This latent internal conflict jeopardised their unity.
Mountain fortress in the Cygnus area. (source)
After the Scorpio clan assumed control over the capital in 1063, the imperial Orioni household was forced to flee. Loyalist states north of the Oromiyaa mountains united as the rump state of the North Orioni Empire. A new imperial capital was established in Corona Borealis. The loyalists then began their plans to reconquer all states of the former Empire. The first victory in resistance to Scorpio rule occurred during the Battle of Cygnus in 1122. A drastic increase of taxes by the Scorpio clan provoked several rebellions in central Orioni, which a series of succeeding warlords were unable to suppress. Around 1122, a military expedition was sent into the north in late summer to suppress the rebellion. The Scorpio forces overran much of Cygnus territory, forcing a few hundred rebels to retreat deep into the mountains. From there, rebel forces routed the Scorpio army, inspiring local villagers to take up arms. Despite further attempts, the Scorpio army was unable to conquer the mountain stronghold. Returning in shame, the generals were forced to commit suicide. This rebel victory at Cygnus was hailed as the beginning of the Reconquista.
The loyalist resistance in the north was aided by several technological innovations, including the introduction of 'Tagmatine fire'. In a situation of constant conflict, warfare and daily life were strongly interlinked during this period. Small, lightly equipped armies reflected how the society had to be on the alert at all times. Forces were capable of moving long distances in short times, allowing a quick return home after sacking a target. In the context of the relative isolation of the Orioni island from the rest of Europa, geographical and cultural differences implied the use of military strategies, tactics and equipment that were markedly different from those found in the rest of Europa during this period. Soldiers typically carried a sword, a lance, and either bow and arrows or a javelin. Armour consisted of a coat of mail over a quilted jacket, extending at least to the knees, a helmet or iron cap, and bracers protecting the arms and thighs, either metal or leather. Shields were round or triangular, made of wood, covered with leather, and protected by an iron band; the shields of knights and nobles would bear the family's coat of arms. Horses were occasionally fitted with a coat of mail as well.
Between the death of Ajonak II ($year) and 1131, the Scorpio-controlled area suffered from internal strife. Small kingdoms, led by the local city governors established their long wished-for independence. ($why?) The result was many small city-states each centred around their capital. The local city governors, not subscribing to any larger-scale vision of the Scorpio clan, had no qualms about attacking their neighbouring kingdoms whenever they could gain an advantage by doing so. Vikings from northern Europa used this internal division to their advantage, raiding the northwestern coastline and founding the city of Nordhaven in the early 12th Century.
After the defeat of the allied Scorpio states by the Reconquista in the 12th Century, Artulo Scorpio was forced to take his own life and to give up Meda to the restored Second Orioni Empire. After the enforced suicide of Artulo, his widow Jaratab Scorpio maintained the position of the clan by adopting a child from close lineage named Ariya. The adopted child Ariya Scorpio took over the charge of the clan; the Scorpio clan still exists today.
Second Empire (1175-1318)
Imperial palace of O'polis
• 1175: Restoration started
ruling coalition officially announce plans to move the imperial capital back to O’polis
imperial capital reestablished in O'polis
construction of imperial palace heavily influenced by architecture from Tagmatica, the capital of Tagmatium + why?
Empress Masaino, having restored the unity of the Empire and establishing major governmental reforms, was well aware that O'polis was an unsatisfactory capital. Yet it had been the capital for over a thousand years, and it seemed unthinkable to suggest that the seat of government be moved to a different location. O'polis was expanded over 6 years, and consecrated on 11 May 1182. Empress Moriino divided the expanded city into 5 regions and ornamented it with public works worthy of an imperial metropolis. The court was supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of oriental Europa, with treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the Empire.
• 1195: New laws to celebrate 20 years of restoration. <$DocumentName> originated as a successful result to maintain peace between royalist and separatist factions in 1215, as part of the events leading to the outbreak of the Civil War. Many contemporary writers believed that monarchs should rule in accordance with the custom and the law, with the counsel of the leading members of the realm. -> °imperial council
• 1221: year of 3 empresses. $why?
• 1224: Hierapolis sacked following its fall in 1174, refounded as Zuidhaven by Empress Tameino (1221-1232) on the site of the previous city, Hierapolis, which was destroyed in the final days of the civil war, in 1174, by loyalist army of Sir Adhamed (1143-1192). Zuidhaven was never a politically influential city like O'polis, but the city enjoyed relative peace and steady growth as a prosperous trading city lent by its remarkable position. The site had easy access to the Orinoco river and had an excellent and spacious harbour. The empress further stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates and on 18 May 1232 she announced that, as in O'polis, free distributions of food would be made to the citizens.
• 1294-1304: Further maritime exploration: Tagmatium's Eclipse Of An Empire, 1294-1304
• The Empire of Orioni’s government begins sending forth explorers ($why?) to eastern and southern Europa. Religious and linguistic influence spreads in these various regions and among the peoples.
1318-1500: Taneino period
• 14-15th Century: Equal partnership with other nations, unlike First Empire, influx of knowledge from all over Europa
1500-1663: Oino period
• 15-17th Century: Interaction and integration with greater Europa;
• which alliances/colonies
• Orsini family in Tagmatium
1663-1709: Owara period
1709-1771: Ogimachi period
• 17-18th Century: Economic expansion and internationalisation
• Slavery abolished: who, why, when, where, how
• Political revolutions
1771-1867: Omei period
• 19th Century: Industrialisation leads to rapid expansion of resource-rich north, previously a predominantly agrarian society
• Where did this originate from? Perseus = steam engines for fabric industry. Steamships for coastal shipping (no high waves). Steam pumps for the mining industry.
1867-present: Nabérrie period
• 19-20th Century: At first rising tension between regions, then better cooperation through marriage ties among leading families/clans
• 21st Century: NationStates era
• 2021: 3000 years of Orioni monarchy
- See also: Monarchy of Orioni
The imperial family is completed by the Empress' brother, Prince Toren, councillor of defence and a commander in the Imperial Navy.
• official residences
• Toren, older brother, navy commander, ballistic missile sub, cf. Tarragat, also C.P.A. council
• List of Augustae
• [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena_(empress)]Empress Helena[/url]
• List of Emperors of Japan
• Boran of Sasania (590-632)
• Artemis Byzantion (1st Century)
• Distance between monarchy and people
The government is organised into three geographical significant levels: imperial, regional, and local. Elections are held every 5 years for each of these levels of government. Regional autonomy is quite extensive. The Imperial level takes command of most international affairs such as defence, commerce and foreign affairs.
The government is comprised of three branches of government. These three branches were designed to apply checks and balances on each other.
Legislative branch (led by Senate)
The Senate serves as the legislative body of the Orioni Empire. It is a unicameral system. The Senate exists as the peacekeeping body between the different states within the Empire. Whenever a dispute between states is brought up the Senate votes on the issue based on what was best for the population as a whole. In recent years the Senate's powers have come to include all important matters of state, including its representation in international organisations, declarations of war against an enemy, and offering military and technological aid to an ally. Each senator represents a single constituency within the empire. Senators serve a four-year term. The number of constituencies is re-evaluated before each election, thus altering the number of senators every four years. The 1923 Constitution instituted the membership by right (senator de drept) in the Senate for: the heir to the throne; heads of state-recognised religious bodies; the president of the Andro Academy; former chairpersons of the Imperial Council; former councillors with at least five years’ seniority; former judges of the Palace of Justice; reserve and retired generals.
Executive branch (led by Imperial Council)
After each election the winning parties form a coalition government and appoint an executive cabinet. This cabinet is called the Imperial Council. Chairlady of the Council is currently Dr. Chandra Pristo. She is a former anthropology professor and leader of the SP.o, currently the largest political party.
Judicial branch (led by the Palace of Justice)
The highest court is the Palace of Justice, which consists of twelve justices. The court deals with imperial and constitutional matters and can declare legislation or executive action made at any level of the government as unconstitutional, nullifying the law and creating a precedent for future law and decisions. Below the Palace of Justice are the Halls of Justice, and below them, in turn, are the Houses of Justice, which are the general trial courts of law. These levels are organised on a scale equal to the three levels of government (imperial, regional, local).
Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti)
The council holds imperium, "the power to rule", and is thus the ruling body of the executive branch. The council also advises the Monarch on policy matters. The council consists of 12 councillors, chaired by 1 chairperson, and is divided over three topical sub councils. It meets to discuss matters of state in the capital city of O'polis.
Chairlady of Imperial Affairs
🎓 Dr. Chandra Pristo
Subcouncil for Power
Subcouncil for Progress Profit
Subcouncil for People Prosperity
♛ Dame Nijo Kujo-Michiie
♛ Lady Catherine Manzoni
🎓 Prof. Bobo Lang
♞ Sir Andrew Pipkin, OBE
♞ Sir Hiram Hiramson
🎓 Dr. Ianos Mikasa
♛ Lady Amuh Nideba
🎓 Prof. Elisa Solna
♞ Sir Constantine Vogels
♚ Prince Toren Nabérrie of Orioni
Trade & Transportation
♛ Countess Elisabeth of Hakushaku
♛ Lady Mihaeli Timos
- See also: Elections in Orioni
The legislative branch of government is comprised of many different political parties, be they centrist, progressive, conservative, nationalist or other. Coalitions are formed with the support from parties, elected by proportional representation. Although very rare, minority governments can be formed, if an election result makes a majority coalition impossible. More often, a minority government is formed when one of the council's coalition partners withdraws its support, or when all councillors of a council party resign. In these cases, the Chairperson offers the full council's resignation to the Monarch. At this point, the Empress may choose to dissolve Parliament and hold a general election. If the Empress does not dissolve the Senate, the remaining cabinet continues as a minority cabinet, in full possession of its powers.
Socialist Party of Orioni, led by dr. Chandra Pristo. The social democrats have advocated a peaceful and evolutionary transition of the economy to socialism through progressive social reform of capitalism.
International-liberalist movement. The party stands for broad pan-Europan cooperation and lean economic regulations.
Environmentalist party with progressive policies. The name is derived from the pink dolphin, Orioni's national animal. It is the political arm of Bluepeace, a non-governmental environmental organisation with offices in many other Europan countries.
Capitalist oligarchs who's ultimate goal is 100% privatisation of the economy. Led by Iones Strupar, who from 2007-2015 ran a coalition government with the 'Fronde Verdur'. The party supposedly has ties with the Scorpio clan.
Originally a conservative party, the Fronde has become more nationalistic and isolationist throughout the last 30 years. They strive for a stronger military. Their motto is: "Peace through power." The party supposedly contains members of Scorpio clan.
- Betekenis van Fronde Verdur
- Orioni National Congress (ONC)
- Main article: Foreign relations of Orioni
Sir Andrew Pipkin
One of his first major achievements was the establishment of EOS, the Entente of Oriental States, in June 2006. The following is an excerpt from the speech he gave on that day.
- "I am honoured to be here with you at the official signing of this grandest alliance. It is the sincere wish of the Orinese peoples that the founding of EOS will bring peace and prosperity to the entire region in general, and the eastern part of Europa in particular. [...] This entente doesn't only serve a military purpose. True, one of the strongest pillars of EOS will be its aim for better security, but I know that's something we all wish and strive for. Of course, there are so many other benefits besides security. Think, for example, of the benefits people will have when they no longer have to wait for hours to get their passport checked when travelling abroad. And the research into outer space will also receive a major boost, with the allied funding of our very own space program. [...] Let us rejoice here and today about this great achievement. [...] Long live peace! Long live prosperity! Long live EOS!"
+ Director: Halmis, Sharlock Halmis
+ The Syndicate
Special Task Force “spioni”
+ Isabel Lahiri / Senior Agent
+ E.U. Organised Crime Unit
+ Central Europan Intelligence Agency (CEIA)
- Main article: Imperial Orioni Defence Force
Ahold Bruiser, Supreme Commander (SC) of the Imperial Orioni Defence Force (IODF), is the senior officer leading the entire armed forces of Orioni, subordinate only to the Empress. Bruiser entered the national spotlight after his involvement in the Great Pot Wars of 2004. He is a member of the Council of Defence, and a such was instrumental in the creation of Orioni Special Reconnaissance Unit (OSRU), a unit to "meet the growing need for special reconnaissance capability" with "a wide range of specialist skills and activities related to covert surveillance." Their missions and interventions remain classified.military strength lies in its powerful blue-water navy, consisting of 8 fleets. Grand admiral Mario Ramius is the highest ranking and most senior admiral of the Imperial Navy. Ramius rose to prominence during the conflict with S.S.S.S. in 2004. His final promotion to admiral of the fleet following exemplary leadership during the crisis surrounding Tarragat Island in 2006. The chink in Orioni's armour has always been it's dated airforce. Lacking necessary experience in aerial combat, the empire prefers investing in anti-aircraft weaponry. Peripheral radar and early warning systems based on EOS cooperation have become a key defence strategy.
There are five major military installations situated throughout Orioni. (1) Vega Naval Base (central), the key to ensuring the safety and security of Zuidhaven, is home to the 1st and 2nd fleet. (2) Perseus Naval Base (west), by far the largest military installation, is home to the 3rd, 4th and 5th fleet. (3) Dion Naval Base (north), protecting the important mining and industrial areas, is home to the 6th and 7th fleet and the OSRU. (4) Oris Naval Base (east) is home to the 8th fleet. (5) Tauri Military Base (north-east) makes an ideal proving ground thanks to its remote location and is home to the Oromiyaa Mountain Troops.
- Lascaris war rooms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lascaris_War_Rooms
- Askari: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Askari
- General Aoun: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Aoun
- MIDAS (Maritime Interdependent Defense And Security, or Missile Defense Alarm System)
- Main article: Economy of Orioni
Orioni has a partially regulated market economy. Based on market exchange rates it is today the third-largest in Europa, after Miiros and Tagmatium. Throughout its history, Orioni has been involved in trade due to its location, size and natural resources. Tagmatine and Suverin traders brought Occidental produce to the island, in exchange for ... ($what?)
- also good ties with EOS alliance nations
- interested in aligning tariffs, to neutralise nationalist trade barriers
- in favour of globalisation
- Currency: ION + explain
- O'polis: iron ore, steel
- Nordhaven: crop, minerals
- Andro and Meda: fish, crop
- Corona Borealis: wheat, potatoes, beer
- Sirius: hardware, titanium
- Pontus: copper, tin
- Vineyards on the southeastern mountain flanks, with a nice climate.
- Industrial crops are grown extensively in the northeast, producing more than enough food.
- The waters south of Zuidhaven are rich in fish due to favourable sea currents.
- Zuidhaven: information technology
- Central Bank of Orioni (CBO)
In an effort to bring the Europan nations closer together, the government of Orioni formed a commercial alliance with other Europan nations. This alliance carries the name Europan Commercial Alliance (E.C.A.). Members can join the trade alliance on a voluntary basis. The main focus is commerce: the free movement of goods between the E.C.A. countries. This means that all members agree to an equalisation of tax, tariff and trade. The E.C.A. is a purely commercial alliance with no intention of becoming a political instrument. It is not the objective of this alliance to influence of determining a country's government policy.
Science and technology
Orioni is recognised for its large portion of specialised small and medium enterprises. Around 900 of these companies are global market leaders in their segment and are labelled hidden champions. Zuidhaven developed a thriving, cosmopolitan hub for startup companies and became a leading location for venture capital funded firms in Europa.
Of the region's largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue last year, several are headquartered in Orioni. These companies include:
A global producer and the prime supplier for the Imperial Orioni Defence Force. Its products include guns, ammunition, missiles, military vehicles, and their associated consumables and systems. Targeted areas are the army, navy and airforce; recent developments also include space-based modules. Headquartered in Vega.
Corona Crop Cultivation
Headquartered in Corona Borealis. Specialised in agro-business and micro-credits.
Computer hardware and software
Leading competitor in global technological advancement, works in close partnership with ZIT. Founded on April 1st, 1976. Headquartered in Zuidhaven. CEO is Stefani Werk.
Runs hydroelectric power station along the Orionoco-river. Energy supplier to major western cities. Headquartered in O'polis.
Universal Exports Ltd.
International shipping company. Specialised in $what. Zuidmax Container Terminal opened in $year. Headquartered in Zuidhaven.
International bank, managing savings and providing loans. Headquartered in Sirius.
Pharmaceutical conglomerate. In recent years invested in biotechnology and genetic research. Headquartered in Meda.
Blue Star Line
Founded in 1911. Operates passenger lines between $cities and $countries. Headquartered in Nordhaven.
Founded in 1946. Headquartered in O'polis. CEO is Bertrand Tingus.
21st Century Wolf
Parent company of Wolf Entertainment Group, which owns BS News. Headquartered in Meda.
O'polis International Airport (OPL) + runways + traffic (cf. Roiters) + airlines
- Channel connecting Nordhaven-O'polis-Zuidhaven.
- Modern railroads from O'polis to both Nordhaven and Zuidhaven. Operated by $company.
- Timos train station http://www.europans.com/topic/4030-reopening-international-relations/?page=2&tab=comments#comment-22054792
- Well-maintained road system with many tunnels in the throughout the Oromiyaa mountains.
Economic growth has spurred on the development of large skyscrapers around the nation, including the 400 meters high Imperial State Building in O’polis. Most economic development is located in Orioni’s west and central regions, while the eastern region (except for the Meda metropolitan area) is considered more rural and less developed.
>> off-shore gas
Orioni media primarily uses English as the main language. The main television broadcasters are the Orioni Broadcasting Company, Europa 24, Orioni News Consortium (ONC), National Geographic Channel, and Europan Broadcasting Corporation (EBC). Popular international television shows such as Suverina Abbey, Variota's Next Top Model, The Great Burlington Bake Off, and CSI Porto Rosso (from Sunset sea islands) are broadcast in Orioni. The country also produces it’s own popular television shows such as celebrity contest Altais Top Chef and scifi-drama Eastworld. In 2012, approximately 95,3% of the population owned a television.
Radio stations with considerable share in the airwaves-market: EBCRadio (news and talk radio); Typhoon (commercial); Vivaldioni (classical).
Major newspapers are The Daily News (general broadsheet newspaper), The Sirius Correspondent (detailed financial news) and The Europan Times (focus on international and regional affairs).
The main news agency in Orioni is the renowned Roiters. This Nordhaven-based agency is one of the oldest news agencies in the region, with regional centres in almost all other countries. It sends out news in English. Roiters was founded in 1915 by Leopold Ackerman as 'Roiters News Agency'. Roiters is a nonprofit autonomous public corporation, operating commercially and independently of the Orioni government. Roiters statutes prohibit direct government subsidies. It is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 10 members. The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. Roiters also has a superior council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence and neutrality.
Big Story News Channel (BSN), also known as BS News, is an international cable and satellite news television channel. The live news channel has reporters stationed all across Europa but broadcasts primarily from studios in Meda, Orioni. As of February 2015, approximately 94,7 million Europan households (81.4% of cable, satellite & telco customers) receive the Big Story News Channel. Modern smart televisions automatically detect the station, will set it as default on channel 4. BS News is owned by the Wolf Entertainment Group subsidiary of 21st Century Wolf. Bronald "Bron" Joseph Aaron Urgundy is a five-time (local) Emmy Award-winning journalist and the main anchorman for the BS News Team. He enjoys success as the number 81 news station in Europa and routinely attends parties to celebrate this accomplishment.
Nature and culture are major components of Orioni tourism. The natural heritage can boast a unique combination of a tropical climate. These natural attractions are complemented by a rich cultural heritage that reflects Orioni's dynamic history and ethnic diversity. Ancient temples in $location, with its religious festivities, are some of the popular destinations for cultural tourism. Orioni has a well-preserved natural ecosystem with forests that stretch over about 35% ($recalculate) of its land. Northeastern forests and the Europan Wildlife Reserve, in particular, are popular tourist destinations.
- smaller islands
"Beautiful Orioni" has been the slogan since December 2004 of an international marketing campaign directed by the Councillor of Environment to promote tourism. In the year 2014, 9,4 million international visitors entered Orioni, staying in hotels for an average of 7,5 nights and spending an average of Φ1142 per person during their visit, or Φ152 per person per day.
0.9276 (2016-11-02) #2 after Miiros, equivalent to Switzerland
- Multinational state (~Evernote)
- Ainu: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ainu_people
- See also: Oharic language
- “ -i ” Dialects, clan dialects -> ex. strong influences from Tagmatium
- a+o = feminine
- u+o = masculine
1. Amharic is standaard (uit Amma)
2. In C.Borealis naar Engels overgegaan --> default at court
3. Mengeling met Oharic? uit Ohbuli
4. Meharic is dialect uti Meda
- Main article: Religion in Orioni
- Osiri = monotheisme, Meda, oiv nostoi
- Amisti = uit Amma, polytheisme, animisme, wijdverspreid
- clash = grondslag oost v west
- 52% Amisti-sm
- 35% Osirism
- 4% Muslim
- 2% Christian
- 7% other
- Main article: Education in Orioni
Education in Orioni is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 18 or until someone graduates from secondary school.
Free pre-primary schooling is provided to every child from the age of 2 years 6 months. In most schools, the child can start school as soon as they reach this age, so class size for the youngest children grows during the year.
Primary school consists of six years and the subjects given are generally the same at all schools. Primary schooling is free and age is the only entrance requirement.
When graduating from primary school around the age of 12, students enter secondary education. Here they have to choose a course that they want to follow, depending on their skill level and interests.
Higher education is open to anybody with a qualifying diploma of secondary education. There are several schools and universities throughout the empire. Most renowned are SBS and ZIT.
Healthcare in Orioni is a devolved matter and each region has its own system of private and publicly funded health care, together with alternative, holistic and complementary treatments. Public healthcare is provided to all permanent residents and is mostly free at the point of need, being paid for from general taxation. The Orinese are known to be blessed with good health. According to the most recent estimates of the average life expectancy, the average is 89,77 years, with men living up to 88,2 years, compared to 91,2 years for women. Since 1960, life expectancy has, in line with the Europan average, grown by two months per year. Death in Orioni is mainly due to old age (88,9%), lost in the wilderness (5,1%) or heart disease (4%). Infant mortality rate stands at 1.1 percent, as of 2015. In 2015, the number of HIV diagnoses in Orioni was 4,312, with 878 contracting full-blown AIDS. The average doctor to patient ratio in Orioni is 3,6 doctors per 1.000 people.
- Main article: Culture of Orioni
The Amisti religion is the indigenous belief system of the Orioni islands. While specific legends and traditions may vary slightly from place to place, the Amisti religion is generally characterised by the respecting of relationships between the living, the dead, and the gods and spirits of the natural world. Some of its beliefs, such as those concerning spirits and many other beings classified between gods and humans, are indicative of its ancient animistic roots, as is its concern with life essence. Amisti is defined in English as "spirit" or "spiritual essence", all these terms meaning the energy generating a thing. Since the Oharic language does not distinguish between singular and plural, Amisti refers to the divinity, or sacred essence, that manifests in multiple forms. Rocks, trees, rivers, animals, places, and even people can be said to possess the nature of Amisti. The peoples of Orioni feel very close to nature, especially to the sea, leading to blue being used as the predominant colour for many of the national symbols. Amisti and people exist within the same world and share its interrelated complexity.
Orioni paintings usually focus on still life and nature, with some famous works such as Mount Oromis by Asmanta Parrek gaining recognition. There are also famous murals such as the one in Terminal 3 of the O’polis International Airport, depicting Orioni’s naval history, by the famous muralist Isenah el-Redahk. Sculpting is also one field that has gained recognition, with many sculptures receiving praise from art critics. The largest repository of arts is the Lovra Museum, in Zuidhaven, containing 576 paintings by many famous artists of Orioni and some of Orioni’s earliest paintings dating back to the 1500s BCE. The National Museum in O’polis also contains busts and sculptures by many Orinese artists.
+ Andro Academy of Fine Arts
+ Amedeo Modigliani = Marduglioni
Orioni music ranges from traditional music to modern music. Since the 1960s, the music scene has grown and gained fame both at home and abroad. Orioni musicians and bands have gained international fame for their work such as conductor Navi Vostrok, singers such as Arisa Nikdu, Francis Seyer, Michael Voztenzuk, Inesah Bassak and bands such as Paint The Sky, Raizin Gurlz and Frozen Dolphin, to name a few. The O'polis Philharmonic Orchestra has also played in various halls and significant events, along with the Nordhaven National Choir. Various foreign artists, such as <$ForeignName> from $nation are also popular in Orioni.
Orioni cuisine varies greatly by region and has many different influences. For an island nation seafood is abundant, so it is commonly consumed especially by residents in coastal areas. Fish is especially popular in the southern and eastern regions, where a significant number of people still work as fishermen. More northern cuisine, however, often has more continental influences. Many highly ranked restaurants can be found in the most influential restaurant guides, such as the Michelin Guide. The Criterion, a restaurant in Zuidhaven, is rated with 3 stars by the Michelin Red Guide, one of three restaurants in the country to receive such an honour as of 2017.
- Biryani: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biryani
- Main article: Sport in Orioni
Orioni's national flag is horizontal bicolour of purple and red with a white crown and shield in the canton. Purple represents the tranquillity of the ocean. Red represents the long struggle in our nation's past. White represents our hope for the future. The crown epitomises the unity of the people and head of state. The five-branched cedar tree represents the coat of arms of the Orioni clan, who form the imperial family.
- hex values table
- or other photoshopped image
Orioni's current national anthem was composed in 1520 by Hely Corei. Corei used old lyrics, taken from a Taneino period (1318-1500) poem, and set them to music. The lyrics reflected what the people felt for their imperial family after the time of the restoration. The anthem was first presented to and played for large audiences in 1521, on the 2500th anniversary of Anahita's founding of the Queendom.
- Freedom's Sun
(Numbers indicate seconds when each strophe begins.)
3 Far on the horizon,
9 Rises now the Oriental Sun
14 Light of the true justice,
20 echoes on in the ears of time
26 Voyagers, brave immortal,
29 true freedom
31 is imprinted
33 on our souls
42 Empire of Orioni
The national holiday is celebrated each year on the 8th of December. During the week ahead and on the day itself, the national anthem will be played everywhere while everyone sings and dances whenever they have any spare time.
- 1 januari = New Year's Day
- 9 januari = Europa Day (9/1/2004)
- first day of spring (Iran: Nowruz) = vernal equinox
- 29 may = end of civil war (29/5/1174)
- Longest day+link
- 6 december= Santa Claus Day
- 8 december= Empress birthday (changes)
- longest night+link
- 31 december = Old Year's Day
To be integrated into this storyline:
- days for Osiri & Amisti
- Visual art
- Day of the Sun https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_of_the_Sun
More about Orioni:
More about Europa:
The contents of these factbooks is based on years of reading through hundreds of sourced materials. The inspiration came from many sources. You might be able to discern some elements from: ancient Carthage, Chinese and Greek history, Persian and Japanese culture, Ethiopian and French politics, Australian and British military, etc.
Imperium Novum Venoliae
Flag and Coat of Arms
Motto: Pax Per Bellum (Latin)
Peace Through War
Anthem: “Solidify Our Golden Empire”
A 3D map of the Imperial Dominion.
Capital: Capital Prime
Official Languages: English, Latin
Official Script: Latin script
Official Religion: Christianity
Patron Saint: Saint Michael the Archangel
Government: Unitary Christian absolute monarchy
- Imperator: Romulus Aurelius II
- Imperator Destinatus: Brutus Drusus
Constitution: Doctrinae Venolianae
Establishment: February 22, 741
Fragmentation: June 22, 832
Reëstablishment: March 7, 900
Population: 3,693,999,008 (2013 est.)
GDP: 2013 estimate
- Total: USD 100.688 trillion
- Per capita: USD 26,972.30
Currency: Venolian noble (№) (VON)
Time Zones: UTC−12:00 to UTC+14:00
Date Format: mm.dd.yyyy
Drives on the: Right
Calling Code: +13
ISO 3166 Code: VO
Internet TLD: .vo
^ Legislation is by Imperator’s decree.
The Advisory Council exists to advise the Imperator.
Venolia (Latin: Venolia), also referred to as the Imperium or as Abatael, officially the New Imperium of Venolia (Latin: Imperium Novum Venoliae), is a religious hegemony of multiple species that controls a large portion of the Orion–Cygnus Arm in the Milky Way Galaxy. Originally a mutual alliance between the humans and the Eligii, the Imperium has expanded to include six other species, united in the worship of GOD.
The Imperium has waged a genocidal campaign against nearly all forms of dissidents from dissidents of the law to dissidents of societal norms. Despite being ostensibly the most powerful military force in the Orion–Cygnus Arm, internal conflict combined with stubborn resistance from the victims of the Inquisitio were formidable enough to shatter temporarily the bonds that held the Imperium together. While the original leadership of the Imperium was lost during the Magnum Schisma, Tigris Nobilis was able to establish successfully an alternative government, an autocracy, which is maintained currently by Romulus Aurelius II.
ii. Contact and Conversion
iii. Inquisitio Haereticae Pravitatis
iv. Magnum Schisma
i. Monarchy and Imperial Family
ii. Marcianus Family and Role of the Church
iii. Legal System
iv. Human Rights
v. Foreign Relations
vi. Armed Forces
iv. Science and Technology
VIII. The Imperial Dominion
There is no consensus on the etymology of the name Venolia or its meaning, but the most widely supported theory is that the leader of the human Reformists, Nemausus, named the newly founded nation after his wife, Venus.
Having poor knowledge of the Latin language, Nemausus incorrectly used Veno to mean “For Venus,” where the correct form would be Veneri. With that section of the name, he added the suffix -lia, coming from the Greek suffix -ία, the affix used in Greek to denote a country, nation, state, territory et cetera.
The name Abatael is a theonym, and it comes from the Biblical Hebrew language. It is derived from ’Āḇa ’Ēl, which is translated approximately as “GOD the Father” in English.
Main dispatch: History of the Imperium
The Imperium created its own means of connoting time, comprised of “ages.” The Imperium’s history is broken up into multiple occurrences of six types of ages, each representing the predominant theme that occurred during those periods of time. These ages do not necessarily follow one another in order nor are they equal in quantity. As an example, there have been significantly more Ages of Conversion than there have been Ages of Abandonment and Ages of Doubt.
In 730, the Imperial Reformists entered an Eligius–occupied system that led to first contact between the Reformists and the Eligii. The humans, who came to Malaseron in order to claim and to study the rich abundance of technology that had been left behind by a more advanced civilization, the Dracius, who had disappeared in 378, soon found themselves holding different ideologies of how such relics should be treated, which quickly devolved into conflict between the Reformists and the Eligii.
The Eligii believed that the Dracius relics were sacred and should not be touched, while the Reformists believed that the Dracius relics should be studied and used to make practical objects of their own design. The highly militarized Eligii attacked the Reformists almost as soon as their differences became apparent, and a war between the two raged for eleven years.
At the start of the war, the Eligii had a numerical advantage, in terms of ships and soldiers; their strength and military tactics overwhelmed their enemy by a considerable factor. The Reformists’ knowledge, gleaned from years of travel and from the capabilities of their Dracius technology, however, gave them the advantage in ship-to-ship combat, the most common type of combat witnessed during the war.
Eventually both sides came to fear a very real threat: annihilation. The Eligii feared it through the Reformists’ usage of the Dracius technology; the Reformists realized that if the Eligii were this dangerous, there may be other sentient life far more threatening, making their chances of survival in the galaxy slim. The long and brutal war caused the Eligii to violate their very beliefs, to study and to incorporate Dracius technology into their own in order to avoid defeat—their incorporation of Dracius technology eventually caused an impasse in the war against the Reformists. The Dracius technology used by the Reformists, however, proved ultimately far too effective and forced the Eligii to surrender.
In their warrior culture, the Eligii have great respect for a worthy adversary and, after their surrender to the Reformists, sought to seek a burgeoning covenant of the two species. The alliance between the two species was formed on February 22, 741 by the signing of the Writ of Union, the treaty that ended the conflict and brought about peace between the two.
Contact and Conversion
The conclusion of the conflict marked the second Age of Reconciliation, followed by the first Age of Conversion, which marked the beginning of the Imperium’s expansion. In this age, the Manali were encountered by the Imperium, and, following a military conflict with the Imperium, the species was indoctrinated into the hegemony. Throughout the ages that followed, new species were incorporated into the Imperium, including the Scarfiae, the Sicarii, the Culices, the Maculatae and the Alsara.
Inquisitio Haereticae Pravitatis
After the first Age of Conversion, the Imperium declared war on any and all “heretics.” The newly ordained Imperator of the Imperium, Cato Hostilius, influenced by a violent incident of a protest of lower-caste species wanting more rights, declared that many factions and many people of certain, various beliefs an affront to GOD and demanded that their entirety be exterminated. This decision would start a war, which, over time, threw the entire foundation of the Imperium’s religion and political alliance into a gradual state of disarray.
The Imperium began a genocidal campaign against, essentially, dissidents of the law, the government, Christianity, nature and any societal norms, seeking out their areas of habitation serially and completely destroying them. The heretics’ militias were able to do little to halt the Imperium’s advance, with a single Imperial ship often being a match for an entire heretical fleet.
Shortly after the first destruction of a heretical planet, Rocia, Hostilius accidentally stumbled upon the command planet for the heretics, Varanus. Ill-equipped for a full-scale invasion, Hostilius managed to launch a brief assault on the heretics’ capital city, Bossus, before his assault carrier, Satisfactio Sancta, escaped by making an in–atmosphere slip-space jump. Whether blind or intentional, this jump led Hostilius and the pursuing heretical frigate, Electrum, to a planet, Demar. A brief military conflict between the heretics and the Imperial forces ensued, during which time Hostilius met his end at the hands of a heretic.
After the events at Demar, the new Imperator, Tigris Nobilis, used the failure of the Eligii to safeguard the High Council as an opportunity to replace the Eligii with the Alsara as their protectors and as their military leaders. This move, however, greatly angered the Eligii, who threatened to resign from the Imperium.
Following the death of Hostilius, Nobilis gave the Alsara command over the Imperium’s fleets. Once there were enough Alsara in positions of power, Nobilis secretly ordered them to commit genocide against the Eligii. The Eligius councilors, who had been summoned to the control room of an Imperial installation to discuss the Inquisitio Haereticae Pravitatis, were either assassinated or imprisoned by the Alsara and by Tartarus, the head of the Alsara. The rest of the Eligii revolted, enlisting the help of some of the Manali and the Scarfiae. A massive battle ensued within Capital Prime and within the surrounding space, beginning a civil war known as the Magnum Schisma.
While Capital Prime was nearly consumed by internal conflict, another crisis struck that sealed the doom of Nobilis. A band of Eligii and the heretics joined together to assassinate Nobilis. Nobilis was killed during the attack on the Imperial Palace, with Romulus Aurelius II, the Imperator Destinatus, leaving him to die while he made his own escape. The Imperial Palace was completely overrun by Eligius forces and would later be conquered by Aurelius. The assassination itself of Nobilis is considered the end of the Inquisitio Haereticae Pravitatis, as the Eligii, who did ally themselves with the heretics initially, eventually killed off the residual heretics for reasons unknown.
Although Nobilis was killed and most of the Loyalists’ known fleet was destroyed by the fleet of the Eligii at the Battle at Capital Prime, the remaining forces of the Imperium gained communication with the Eligii and persuaded them to join back into the Imperium. The Eligii and their planets were re-incorporated into the Imperium, and on March 7, 900 the Ratification Parley was signed into effect, thus marking the official end of the Magnum Schisma and the ushering in of a new age, the third Age of Reconciliation.
Dicastery of Agriculture - Tullius Pelagius
Dicastery of Capacity - Silus Valenius
Dicastery of Commerce - Claudius Turrianus
Dicastery of Concordance - Alessandra Avenius
Dicastery of Conservation - Gaius Illius
Dicastery of Conversion - Marcus Plinius
Dicastery of Conveyance - Decentius Opsius
Dicastery of Deed and Doctrine - Theodosius Marcianus I
Dicastery of Education - Tyranus Junius
Dicastery of Etiology - Titus Labicanus
Dicastery of the Exchequer - Leontius Sintavius
Dicastery of Fortitude - Aemilius Velletrius
Dicastery of Indigenity - Taurinus Duilius
Dicastery of Inquisition - Tacitus Sallustius
Dicastery of Penance - Julius Afranius
Dicastery of Production - Cornelius Divius
Dicastery of Science - Lucius Creticus
Dicastery of Tranquility - Adventus Matius
Venolia is an absolute monarchy, though, according to the Doctrinae Venolianae, the Imperator must comply with Catholic social teaching and law and the Holy Bible. Venolia remains the only nation in its current region where no national elections have ever taken place since its creation. No political parties or national elections are permitted, and, according to the World Assembly, the Venolian government is the third most authoritarian regime in Khora.
In the absence of national elections and political parties, politics in Venolia takes place in two distinct arenas: within the Imperial Family and between the Imperial Family and the rest of Venolian society. Outside of the Imperial House, participation in the political process is limited to a relatively small segment of the population and takes the form of the Imperial Family consulting with the Church, various government officials and members of other important families on major decisions. This process is not reported by the Venolian media.
The rule of Aurelius faces political opposition from various minor sources, particularly liberal critics from various nations. However, open protest against the government in Venolia itself is not tolerated.
Monarchy and Imperial Family
The Imperator combines legislative, executive and judicial functions and imperial decrees to form the basis of the country’s legislation. The Imperator is also the Premier and presides over the Council of Ministers.
The Imperial Family dominates the political system. The Imperial Family’s numbers allow it to control most of the Imperium’s important posts and to have an involvement and presence at all levels of government. Long term political and government appointments have resulted in the creation of “power fiefdoms” for senior politicians.
The Imperial Family is somewhat politically divided by factions based on personal ambitions and ideological differences. Ideological divisions include issues over the speed and direction of reform and whether or not the role of the Church should be increased or reduced.
There has been mounting pressure to reform and modernize Aurelius’s rule, an agenda championed by the Imperator after his accession. The creation of the Advisory Council did not satisfy demands for political participation, and, in 1918, an annual National Dialogue Forum that would allow selected professionals and intellectuals to publicly debate current national issues, within certain prescribed parameters, was announced. In 2000, the first local elections were held. In 2009, the Imperator made significant personnel changes to the government by appointing reformers to key positions and Alessandra Avenius, a female, to a ministerial post. However, the changes have been criticized as being too slow or merely cosmetic.
Marcianus Family and Role of the Church
Venolia is unique in giving the Church a direct role in government. The Church has also been a key influence in major government decisions, for example, the Concordat and the Doctrinae Venolianae. In addition, it has had a major role in the judicial and educational systems and a monopoly of authority in the sphere of religious and social morals in Venolia.
By the 21st century, as a result of wealth and the modernization of the country initiated by Aurelius, important changes to Venolian society were under way, and the power of the Church was in decline. However, this changed following the assassination of Ambrosius Dacorsus, the former Minister of Concordance. The government’s response to the crisis included strengthening the Church’s powers and increasing their financial support: in particular, they were given greater control over the education system and allowed to enforce stricter observance of traditional Catholic rules of moral and social behavior.
The Apostolic Nunciature, the Church’s representation in Venolia, has historically been led by the Marcianus family, the country’s leading religious family. The family is second in prestige only to the Aurelius family (the Imperial Family), with whom they formed a “mutual support pact” and power-sharing arrangement nearly 700 years ago. The pact, which persists to this day, is based on the Aurelius family maintaining the Marcianus family’s authority in religious matters and upholding and propagating conservative traditional Catholic doctrine. In return, the Marcianus family support the Aurelius family’s political authority, thereby using its religious and moral authority to legitimize the Imperial Family’s rule. Although the Marcianus family’s domination of the Apostolic Nunciature in Venolia has diminished in recent years, they still hold the most important religious posts and are closely linked to the Imperial Family by a high degree of intermarriage.
The primary source of law is Catholic social teachings and doctrine, which is derived from the Church. Venolian judges tend to follow the principles of judicial precedence. Nevertheless, a judge is empowered to disregard previous judgments and will apply his personal interpretation of ambiguous Catholic doctrines to any particular case that causes divergent judgements to arise.
Imperial Decrees are the other main source of law but are commonly referred to as “regulations” rather than “laws,” because they are subordinate to Catholic law. Imperial Decrees supplement Catholic social teachings and doctrine. Additionally, among alien species, traditional tribal law and custom remain significant but not supreme.
Final appeal from the judiciary is to the Imperator. The Venolian system of justice has been criticized for being slow, lacking in some of the safeguards of justice and unable to deal with the modern world.
In 1982, Aurelius issued Imperial Decrees reforming the judiciary and creating a new court system. The capabilities and reactionary nature of the judges have, in particular, been criticized, and, in 1997, the Imperator made a number of significant changes to the judiciary’s personnel at the most senior level by bringing in a younger generation.
The World Assembly and other liberal administrations condemn both the Venolian criminal justice system and its severe punishments. However, “ordinary Venolians,” according to a World Assembly report, support the system and say that it maintains the nation’s low crime rate, the second lowest crime rate in Khora. There are no jury trials in Venolia, and courts observe few formalities, both of which have been the subject of much criticism.
The physical punishments imposed by Venolian courts, such as beheading, fusillading and lashing, and the number of executions has been strongly criticized. The death penalty can be imposed for a wide range of offenses including murder, rape, armed robbery, repeated drug use, apostasy, adultery, witchcraft and sorcery and can only be carried out by beheading with a sword, hanging or a firing squad. The 1,035 reported executions between 2007 and 2010 were all carried out by a firing squad. The last reported execution for sorcery took place in June of 2000.
Although repeated theft can be punishable by execution, only one instance of judicial execution was reported between in the 21st century for larceny. Homosexual rights are not recognized. Homosexual acts are punishable by flogging or execution. Lashings are a common form of punishment and are often imposed in addition to heavy fines for a wide variety of crimes.
Venolia has long been criticized for its human rights record. Human rights issues that have attracted strong criticism include the extremely disadvantaged position of women, religious discrimination, the lack of true religious freedom and the activities of the religious police. In response to the sustained criticism of its human rights record, the Venolia government points to the special Christian character of the country and asserts that this justifies a different social and political order.
Venolia joined the World Assembly in 2011 and also represents a prominent role in Khora. Between the mid-1950’s and 2010, Venolia expended over USD 130 billion Venolian nobles in “overseas development aid.” However, there is evidence that the much of it was, in point of fact, spent on propagating and extending the influence of traditional Catholicism at the expense of other forms of Christianity. There has been an intense debate over whether or not Venolian aid has fomented extremism in recipient countries. The two main allegations are that, by its nature, the ultra-reactionary form of Venolian Catholicism encourages intolerance and promotes terrorism. However, the Venolian government strenuously denies these claims or that it exports religious or cultural extremism.
The Venolian Armed Forces, officially known as His Majesty’s Armed Forces, comprises the Imperial Venolian Army, the Imperial Venolian Naval Services, the Imperial Venolian Air Force, the Venolian Special Warfare Branch (an independent military force) and paramilitary forces, totaling approximately 14.5 million personnel. In 2013, the Army had 9.1 million personnel; the Naval Services, 1.4 million personnel; the Air Force, 3.5 million personnel; the Special Warfare Branch, 500,000 personnel.
The Special Warfare Branch is not a reserve but a fully operational front-line force. Its modern existence, however, is attributable to it being effectively the Imperator’s private army since the 1800’s and, unlike the rest of the Armed Forces, is independent of the Dicastery of Fortitude.
Spending on defense and security has increased significantly since the mid-1890’s and was about USD 42.5 trillion in 2013. Venolia ranked first among all of the nations in the region in government spending for its defense forces. Its modern high-technology arsenal makes Venolia one of the most densely armed nations, with its military equipment being supplied primarily through domestic production.
The Imperium is made up of a variety of species from different sections of the galaxy. Organized into a caste system by the humans, the different species of the Imperium are united strongly by their faith in GOD.
Humans are the highest caste in the Imperium; the humans lead the Imperium and exert complete control over all religious, political, national and international affairs. Although not as physically strong as the Eligii, humans wield power through absolute command of the Imperium and through scavenged Dracius technology, which leaves the task of conquest to the Eligii and to the other species. Along with the Eligii, the humans have had members in the disestablished High Council.
The Alsara are the most recent addition to the Imperium and serve as soldiers and bodyguards within the Imperial military, until their promotion during the Magnum Schisma; however, they were demoted to their original service after the Magnum Schisma. Although initially of low status within the hierarchy, the Alsara gained greater prominence within the Imperium, prior to the Magnum Schisma, with the chieftain of the Alsara, Tartarus, answering to the High Council itself.
The Culices are flying, insectoid species that served almost exclusively as engineers in the Imperium. They were eventually replaced by the Maculatae and now are used as aerial combatants against the Imperium’s enemies, who are usually inexperienced at fighting airborne infantry. They are the second species in the Imperium with the ability to fly.
The Eligii serve as the secondary leaders of the Imperium. Along with the humans, the Eligii were one of the two founding species of the Imperium and were the only species, other than the humans, to have had members in the bygone High Council. The Eligii are the only species permitted to build and to command starships within the Imperium, though the crews are always composed of an amalgam of species. Eligii are separated into ranks based on skill and on experience. To advance in rank, Eligii must honorably earn such advancements on the battlefield.
The Maculatae are an artificial species created by the Dracius. They only converse with the humans. The Maculatae perform the physical labor of excavating and gathering data on Dracius artifacts. In military terms, they are generally a nonmilitant species. However, at times in the Magnum Schisma, they were placed on the battlefield either as repair workers or as suicide bombers. Many of these creatures joined the Eligii during the Magnum Schisma.
The Saevi (Saevus) are a species of vermiform creatures that can combine to form large, intelligent assemblages called Manali. Clad in nearly impenetrable armor and armed with assault cannons, they serve as the Imperium’s heaviest ground troops. Many of these creatures joined the Eligii during the Magnum Schisma.
Hailing from Masalia, the Scarfiae are the most common and low-ranking caste of the Imperium. Relations between the Scarfiae and the Sicarii are strained, in the best of times. Many of these creatures joined the Eligii during the Magnum Schisma.
The population of Venolia, as of November 2013, was estimated to be 3,693,999,008, including 5,577,939 non-nationals or 0.00151% of the population. The ethnic composition of Venolian humans is 98% white, 1.9% black and .1% of other races. As recently as 2012, the slave population of Venolia was estimated at 300,000. Slavery was officially abolished in 2008.
Venolia has expelled over three million blacks since 2000. An estimated 240,000 black non-nationals are living in Venolia. They are not allowed to hold or even apply for Venolian citizenship. Foreign blacks are the sole racial group that cannot benefit from a 2004 Imperial Decree that entitles expatriates of all races, who have resided in the Imperium for ten years, to apply for citizenship.
The official languages of Venolia are English and Latin. 99.93% of the population speaks both English and Latin, while the remaining 0.07% speaks either one of the two official languages or neither. Through the language politics of Aurelius, the various languages of other species have been nearly entirely eliminated.
There were, as of November 2013, 3,657,059,018 billion Catholics or approximately 99% of the total population in Venolia. Data for Venolia come primarily from general population surveys, which are less reliable than censuses or large-scale demographic and health surveys for estimating minority-majority ratios. About 0.938% of Venolians are non-Catholic Christians, while non-Christians represent approximately 0.062% of the population. The official and dominant denomination of Christianity in Venolia is Catholicism.
In 2010, the World Assembly stated that in Venolia “freedom of religion is neither recognized nor protected under the law and is severely restricted in practice” and that “government policies continue to place severe restrictions on religious freedom.” No faith other than Christianity is permitted to be practiced. There are no houses of worship permitted in the country other than Christian churches. Even private prayer services are forbidden in practice, and the Venolian police reportedly regularly search the homes of non-Christians. Foreign workers are not allowed to observe non-Christian holidays.
According to Human Rights Watch, the religious minorities face systematic discrimination from the Venolian government in education, the justice system and especially religious freedom, for example, restrictions are imposed on the public celebration of non-Christian festivals, and only Christians are allowed to testify in court.
Education is free at all levels. The school system is composed of elementary, intermediate and secondary schools. A large part of the curriculum at all levels is devoted to Christianity, and, at the secondary level, students are able to follow either a religious or a technical track. Higher education has expanded rapidly, with large numbers of universities being founded since 1990. Institutions of higher education include the country’s first university, University of Capital Prime, the Christian University and the Imperator Nobilis University. Other universities emphasize curricula in sciences and technology, military studies, religion and medicine. Institutes devoted to Christian studies, in particular, abound. Women are forbidden by law from being university professors and typically receive college instruction in segregated institutions.
The study of Christianity dominates the Venolian educational system. In particular, the memorization of the events recounted in the Holy Bible, its interpretation and understanding and the application of Christian tradition to everyday life is at the core of the curriculum. Religion taught in this manner is usually a compulsory subject for all university students.
A criticism of the religious focus of the Venolian education system is the nature of the Church-controlled curriculum. The Christian aspect of the Venolian national curriculum was examined in a 2006 report by the World Assembly, which concluded that “the Venolian public school religious curriculum continues to propagate an ideology of hate toward the ‘unbeliever,’ that is, a Muslim, a Jew, a Hindu, an atheist or another.” The Venolian religious studies curriculum is taught outside the Imperium in Venolian schools in various nations. Critics have described the education system as “medieval” and that its primary goal “is to maintain the rule of absolute monarchy by casting it as the ordained protector of the faith and that Christianity is at war with other faiths and cultures.”
Venolia’s planned economy, based on a system of autarky and economic interventionism, has a skilled and large labor force of nearly 1.5 billion, which contributes to its excellent condition. With a GDP of over USD 100.688 trillion, the Venolian economy is by far one of the most successful economies in Khora, shown to be a success of the Fascist economic model. The public sector constitutes 51% of the total GDP, while the private sector composes 49% of the GDP. The national unemployment rate, as of November 2013, was 3.82%, due to the comprehensive labor policies of the Aurelius administration.
The total area of cultivated land in Venolia is estimated to be larger than the sum of all cultivated land in Khora. From 1999 to 2009, Venolia’s agriculture demonstrated steady growth. The production of meat has grown from 130,626,000 tons in 1999 to 180,662,000 tons in 2008 and continues to grow.
With access to many oceans and bodies of waters, Venolian fishing fleets are a major contributor to the nation’s fish supply. The total capture of fish was at 300,191,068 tons in 2005. Both exports and imports of fish and sea products grew significantly in the recent years.
Venolia has more than a fifth of the the region’s forests, which makes it the largest forest country in Khora. However, according to government of the New Imperium, the considerable potential of Venolian forests is underutilized, and Venolia’s share of the regional trade in forest products is less than four percent.
In recent years, Venolia has frequently been described in regional media as an energy superpower. The country has extremely large natural gas, oil and coal reserves. Venolia is Khora’s leading natural gas exporter and largest natural gas producer, while also the largest oil exporter and the largest oil producer.
Venolia is the largest electricity producer and also the largest renewable energy producer in Khora, the latter because of the well-developed hydroelectricity production in the country. Large cascades of hydropower plants are built on aqueous planets, such as Araha. Nearly every planet features a number of major hydropower stations; however, the gigantic hydroelectric potential of Sicarion largely remains unexploited.
Venolia was the first country in Khora to develop civilian nuclear power and also the first to construct a nuclear power plant. Currently the country is the largest nuclear energy producer in Khora, with all nuclear power in Venolia being managed by the Dicastery of Capacity. The Venolian government has initiated several plans, allocating over USD 500 billion to it, to discover and expand the sector and find more sustainable sources of energy for the nation’s high demands.
Railway transport in Venolia is mostly under the control of the state-controlled Venolian Railways monopoly. The company accounts for over 3.6% of Venolia’s GDP and handles 39% of the total freight traffic (including pipelines) and more than 42% of passenger traffic. The total length of common-used railway tracks exceeds 100,000 miles, making it the largest in the region. Nearly all tracks are electrified, which is the largest number in the region and additionally there are more than 60,000 miles of industrial non-common carrier lines. Railways in Venolia, unlike all other railways, use Venolian gauge, 3,962 millimeters (13 feet), the largest gauge in Khora.
As of 2006, Venolia had 27,999,000 miles of roads, of which 22,700,000 were paved. With a large land area, the road density is the lowest of all the other countries in Khora.
In 2008, the country owned 20,692 merchant marine ships. The region’s only fleet of nuclear-powered icebreakers advances the economic exploitation of more gelid regions.
By total length of pipelines, Venolia is the greatest in Khora. Currently, many more new pipeline projects are being realized, including ones in more rural areas.
Venolia has 2,243,610 airports in total. The total length of runways in Venolia exceeds 5 million miles.
Major Venolian cities have well-developed systems of public transport, with the most common varieties of exploited vehicles being bus and metro. Most major cities feature underground metros. The metro systems are famous for rich decorations and unique designs of their stations, which is a common tradition on Venolian metros and railways.
Science and Technology
The Imperium’s technology is often referred to as more imitative rather than innovative. Its technology is based largely on mimicry and on reverse engineering of the remaining Dracius artifacts they have discovered. While the technology of the nation is far more advanced than the average technology outside of the Imperium, the Imperial leadership seems to be ignorant of how precise or how powerful their technology can be. This is likely because the Imperium itself possesses only limited understanding of the Dracius devices it reverse-engineers.
While the nations outside of the Imperium are capable of learning and often improving on new technology, advances within the Imperium are slower. This is, perhaps, the Imperium’s most serious disadvantage. Its technology is limited by this almost complete reliance on reverse-engineered Dracius technology, and they are generally reluctant to make modifications to existing technology.
Imperial ships can enter slipstream space and travel faster than light. However, the Imperium’s equivalent of the Savius-Fuiicava Translight Engine, an engine commonly used outside the Imperium for traveling in space, is far more efficient and reliable. Imperial vessels do not suffer the temporal fluidity of the slipstream to such a degree as other vessels. However, after a slipspace jump, Imperial ships generally experience a temporary power outage, leaving the ship vulnerable to an attack. As a result, Imperial battle groups are much more efficient when acting as a coordinated group, as they can strike more quickly and decisively.
Venolian starships use repulser engines for propulsion in space, rather than traditional reaction drives. Its drive systems are propelled by a combination of gravity waves and by a form of highly reactive plasma displacement, but the specific means and methods of propulsion are currently beyond understanding outside of the Imperium. Both starships and ground vehicles are equipped with various forms of anti-gravity technology, allowing ships to hover easily inside an atmosphere and allowing frictionless movement of vehicles across terrain.
The Imperium’s military architecture is known for its curved, organic and sophisticated looking style. Constructed of distinctive dark purple or white metal, these colors are the main focus of Imperial military design and distributed throughout their vessels, vehicles and field buildings. The metal used is unknown outside of the Imperium but is a very strong and resilient alloy.
Venolia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions. This culture has been bolstered by the austerely puritanical Venolian form of Catholicism, which arose under the Aurelius regime and now predominates in the country. The many limitations on behavior and dress are strictly enforced both legally and socially, for example, alcoholic beverages are prohibited. Public expression of opinion about domestic political or social matters is discouraged. There are no organizations, such as political parties, to provide public forums. Labor unions are permitted for workers’ rights but there are several restrictions placed on them.
Daily life is dominated by Christian observance. Because Sunday is the holiest day for Christians, the weekend is Saturday and Sunday. Public observance of non-Christian religious holidays is prohibited.
Venolian society has a number of issues and tensions. An independent opinion poll published in 2010 indicated that Venolians’ main social concern was unemployment, which was at 8.6% in 2010. Crime is not an issue at all in Venolia. However, the government of Venolia’s objective of being a religious Christian country, coupled with economic difficulties, has created some social tensions in Venolian society. Many Venolians want a reformed government and to have more influence in the political process. The religious minority, located primarily in Varanus, is subjected to institutionalized government discrimination, inequality and repression.
According to an anonymous 2009 communication from a state official in Venolia’s region, “donors in Venolia constitute the most significant source of funding to Christian terrorist groups internationally.” Part of this funding arises through the tithe paid by all Venolians to charities and amounting to at least 2.5% of their income. Although most charities are genuine, others, it is alleged, serve as fronts for money laundering and terrorist financing operations. While most Venolians contribute to those charities in good faith believing their money goes toward good causes, it has been alleged that others know fully the terrorist purposes, to which their money will be applied.
Nearly one out of every one hundred children are abused in Venolia. It has also been claimed that trafficking of non-human species is a particular problem in Venolia.
Capital Prime (Capital)
The Arcandian Flag
Motto: “Strength in Liberty. Strength in the Empire.”
Map depicting various nations of the world.
(Arcand is in Dark Blue).
Capital: Grace Anwood
Largest City: Grace Anwood
Official Language: Arcandian
National Language: Arcandian
Constitutional Empire w/ a Parliamentary Democracy
- Emperor/Empress: George IV of Arcand
- Prime Minister: Margaret Tiler
- Deputy Prime Minister: Thomas Henley
- Upper House: House of Lords
-Lower House: House of Citizens
- Act of Union 1243: May 17th, 1243
- Act of Union 1701: June 1st, 1701
- Arcandian Secular Bill: April 30th, 1809
Land Area: ~105,000 mile²
GDP (nominal): £21.320 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: £70,830
Human Development Index (2014): 80
Currency: Arcand Sterling (£) (AS)
Time Zone: PST +0
Drives on the: Left
Calling code: +81
Internet TLD: .arc
The Constitutional Empire of Imperial Arcand, commonly called the Arcandian Empire or Arcand, is an independent sovereign nation in the regional power; the Confederation. Arcand covers over 170,000 square kilometres and has has an estimated population of over 300 million. Arcand is an Empire comprising of 5 administrative regions.
Arcand is a highly-developed country, with a high national GDP of £21.320 trillion. The per capita GDP of £70,830 ranks amongst the highest in the world, although the country also ranks nominally high in income inequality. The economy is fuelled by an abundance of natural resources and high productivity, as well as a free, open market economy that allows business to thrive. Arcand ranks highly in civil rights and economic freedom, though has severe political restrictions for non-citizens. Most inhabitants of Arcand are Civilians, the remaining 22% are labelled as Citizens. Civilians still have all the civil rights of Citizens, but are not able to take part in local or national elections. To become a Citizen, one must serve the state: working within or for the Civil or Military Services, a contributor to political or social life, or a Peer of the Realm. Arcand is a recognized one of the dominant Global Superpowers, as well as a member of several international organizations, including theWorld Assembly.
The Imperial Eagle is a predatory bird native to the southern regions of Arcand; a very common sight throughout the Empire. It was first described by early biologist Charles Napier in 1706. The Imperial Eagle is the official national animal of the Arcandian Empire, which is depicted on the Arcandian flag.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Arcand is as an "Arcandian."
Arcand is a large nation located in the southern area of South America, a continent that dominates the planet. Protected by a ring of mountains to the East, it lead to the nation's inhabitants being isolated from the rest of the world over the millennia, resulting in the limited early knowledge of technology and philosophy, outside of the basics of copper smiting and early forms of paganism.
Around the end of the 1st Millennia, Arcand became common ground for the pillaging of its resources by the island nations across the now-named Arcandian Straits. Some of the pillagers began to settle, bringing with them a wider knowledge of technology as well as other religious beliefs. These settlers soon began to set up expansive tribal communities, which eventually spread to the development of several kingdoms covering the region. These early kingdoms were usually at war with each other, until King Decemini 1st united the kingdoms under one rule during the 1200's in a period of civil strife, in which the newly established Arcand Nation was victorious.
The invention of the steam engine in 1700's, combined with the discovery of rich coal seams within the country, this lead to Arcand becoming one of the world's first Industrialised Nations. Arcand used its industrial power to help quickly build and develop a large international empire, enforced with a strong military backing. The Arcand Empire remained the planet's largest empire up to its peak in the 1950's, until a series of rebellions in several colonies lead to the empire reducing its size up to almost a half. Nevertheless, the Imperial Arcandian Empire still remains to be one of the largest current Empires, though no longer controlled by a Emperor with Absolute Powers, but instead lead to locally established governments, whom swear an oath to the Empire.
The strength of the Arcand Empire was tested heavily during the Great War (1905-1927) and the Atari Range Crisis (1943-1948), in which saw the true military potential of the empire. Within the Great War's two decade long conflict there were many changes within the nation as it struggled to pay for the ever costly price of war, both financially, but also with resources and manpower. The conflict saw many positive changes in the country, including the decreased power of the Emperor and the increased shift in power towards Democratic Government, as well as the advancement of technology including the massive development and deployment of internal combustion engines, aircraft, radar and wireless communication. The reliance on oil as a resource helped repay the cost of war with the discovery of many oil sources throughout the empire, some of which were sold off to oil thirsty nations.
Since the end of the Great War, the Arcand Empire continues to hold diplomatic grudges against the n/as, which normally is displayed publicly with the occasional overt military exercises and demonstrations with Allied nations along their national borders. One of these exercises along the n/a border quickly escalated into a full blown conflict in 1943; starting the Atari Range Crisis. After n/a troops violated Arcand's border, the Empire was quick to respond; forcing the Empire into a naval bombardment of several n/a cities and a full blown counter-invasion. The empire still carries out the Strategic Defence Initiative policy, in which it publicly shows support for anti-n/a nations as well as maintaining a nuclear threat against the n/as, utilising military bases throughout the world to house various forms of weapons.
The majority of the citizens throughout the empire see living under Arcand rule as an positive advantage, as many of the colonies who left the empire continue to suffer from economic instability, as well as being the subject of much internal corruption within the governments. However, some see Arcand rule as an outdated philosophy, which leads to the occasional acts of terror throughout the empire. In accordance to these events, the Arcand government lifted the banned use of the death penalty, only now using it on those convicted of 'Treason' and 'Acts of Terror Towards The Empire'. The majority of those convicted end up in front of a firing squad, though lethal injections are becoming more common practice.
The Arcand Empire is still considered to be the dominant global power, despite its much smaller size, using its economic and military status to reinforce their opinions in international affairs. However, the Empire still prefers to solve issues diplomatically or through the use of economic embargoes, rarely using its potential military strength to resolve matters.
With the institution of slavery still rampant among most of the world, the Arcand Empire was among the first to abolish the practice in 1824, most of her assets in the Empire doing the same. The Empire has seen to it personally to stamp out the archaic practice within her borders, even giving safe haven to runaway slaves throughout the empire and permitting either escaped or freed slaves to enter their country. If they so wish within the time frame, they can undergo the naturalization process. In the case of the latter, the former-slave is asked to serve in the armed forces for a mandatory two years in either a combat or non-combat role.
The land area of Arcand is 6,478,586 mile² (10,426,275 km²). The climate on the west coast is mostly Temperate. The Atari Range Mountains, at the eastern edge of the Great Plains, extend north to south across the eastern boarder of the country, reaching altitudes higher than 14,000 feet (4,300 m) in Wallowset and Devern. The fertile Great Plains spread across the 5 administrative regions of Arcand: Wallowset, Devern, Canter, Siltland and parts of Anwood. Extreme weather is not uncommon in this part of the world: Devern and Wallowset are prone to tornados, and flooding of the low-lying plains often cause damage to the rural agricultural lands of Wallowset.
The highest point in Arcand is Mount Victoria in Devern, with a height of 14,505 ft (4,421 m). The lowest point is Hell's Valley, also in Devern, with an elevation of −282 ft (−86.0 m).
Arcand has an estimated population of 300 million, ranking 1st in the recognized world. A census is taken every ten years, with the first taking place in 1634. While the birthrate is only 15 per 1000, the population growth rate is 0.8%, the result of immigration. The largest ancestry groups are dominated by the white Arcandians. Arcand is a majority country. 88% of the population are Arcandian whites, 6% are Maghreb-Rabat Arabs, 5% are n/a black and 1% are other races.
Arcandian is the de facto national language. Approximately 92% of the population speaks Arcandian as a first language, with another 8% speaking Maghatiq or Mediniaan as a first language.
The majority of Arcand's population identifies as Agnostic at 68%. The rest identify themselves as religious, with 18%, 8% Jewish, 4% Muslim and the remaining 2% as "other". The Bill of Religious Freedoms of 1732 guarantees religious freedom, and prevents legislation that favours any religion over another. Whilst historically the Empire began as a Christian nation, a growth in Secularism and Humanist thought began to erode most religious thought, which culminated in 1809 with the establishment of a secular Imperialist Government. In addition, discrimination based on religion is illegal, with the exception of explicitly religious and zealous organizations such which are deemed as cults.
The Constitutional Empire of Imperial Arcand is a constitutional empire, with a limited parliamentary democracy. The Arcandian Constitution is the supreme law of the land.
The citizens of Arcand are subject to three levels of government: Imperial, State and Council.
Council Government: Administers police and fire forces, as well as other public works. Protects private property rights.
State Government: Responsible for education, infrastructure, and taxation.
Imperial Government: Headquarters are based the capital Grace Anwood, Anwood, the imperial government is responsible for national defence, foreign policy, and guarantees basic human rights that the regions cannot override, many of which are listed in the Arcandian Bill of Rights. It is also responsible for regulating inter-regional and international commerce.
The imperial government is composed of three branches:
Executive: Headed by the Prime Minister of Arcand, but answers to the Empress/Emperor if s/he decides to interveen. Can veto legislative bills, appoint cabinet members and Supreme Court Justices, and is commander-in-chief of the Arcandian military.
Legislative: Made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Makes national laws, declares war, allocates national funds, and approves treaties.
Judicial: Made up of the Supreme Imperial Court and lower national and state courts. Has the power of judicial review, and is the highest legal authority after the Constitution.
Arcand takes an active role in the world diplomatic stage. It is a member of the World Assembly and the region of the Palocris. Arcand has been a fierce protector of Allied nations' sovereignty and will happily dive into armed conflicts to defend its friends (even if a conflict hasn't begun), although it did serve as the creator of the Anwood Nuclear Project.
Whilst Arcand remains a permanent member of the Inter-Continental Alliance, the Empire also maintains its own treaties and pacts with various nations. A strong example of this would be Arcand's alliance with its neighbour Venetzka, a fascist, yet somewhat benevolent dictatorship. Both sharing a similar cultural history, Arcand sees itself as their protector and economic nurturer - maintaining a strong Defence Pact and Trade Treaty with the country.
The Emperor serves as commander-in-chief of the Arcand military, which is headed by the Ministry of Defence. The military is divided into three branches: the Imperial Air Force, the Imperial Navy, the Imperial Army and the Imperial Guard. All of these branches serve professionally, and have no other occupation, though 30% of the Air Force and Army are part-time or "territorial" soldiers and pilots. In the event of a war, the Arcandian Army is directed by the Ministry of Defence in the event of an incursion, or the Ministry of War if over-seeing foreign deployments. Conscription is legal, but has not been used within the past 80 years.
The Arcandian Air Force wields a variety of aircraft, ranging from its relatively dated Gyroplane Transport aircraft: the ACG-1 "Jupiter", to the more modern stealth aircraft such as the "Odin" Mk.I and the ASI-1 "Thor". The Imperial Air Force has also begun to deploy increasing numbers of UAVs, namely the "Teutates" and "Taranis", both of which are used for recon, surveillance and strategic bombing campaigns.
Whilst the Air Force remains a powerful asset of the Arcandian Empire, its main strength lies in its grounds forces; a extremely well trained and equipped fighting force. Its military prowess comes from the Empire's constant investment in upgrading its forces with the latest equipment. The best example would be in 2014; just two years after the "Arcandian Infantry 2012" initiative [a multi-billion Sterling project to upgrade infantry armour, uniforms, weapons and supporting vehicles], the Arcandian Government started the "Arcandian Infantry 2014" project - a more costly project that saw the complete overhaul of equipment and uniform in the infantry. The Army deploys a variety of vehicles, ranging from the "Furet" Mk.I/II Light Tank, a a variety of SPGs and Tank Destroyers and, not suprisingly for Arcand, two types of Main Battle Tanks: the AUT-2 and the AUT-2b "Chasseur".
Currency: Arcandian Sterling (£)
Fiscal Year: January 31st - February 1st
GDP (nominal): £21.320 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: £70,830
Labor Force: 216,301,209
Arcand is home to a variety of cultures, a result of a liberal immigration policy. Arcandian culture is generally considered Western, derived from traditions of Arcandian culture. There are also some small pockets of Maghreb-Rabat Arabs. Like other Palocrisian nations, Arcand has been described as a melting pot where several cultures join into one.
Arcand have been described as very individualistic, competitive, and hardworking, even more so than their neighbouring-nations. This has resulted in great economic productivity, and a strong libertarian form of government. This has also made Arcand a popular destination for immigrants. Arcandians are also firm believers in equality, despite the presence of an Imperial Authority, and continue to believe that one must serve and contribute to the nation in order to have a political voice.
Mainstream Arcandian cuisine is similar to that in other Western cultures. Arcand is also famous for its Southwestern cuisine, featuring contributions from their unique Arcandian culture. The Grey-Coated Bovine, an important part of Southwestern cuisine, is a major agricultural export of Arcand. Arcandian cuisine features meat-centric dishes such as the pies, sausages, roasted and smoked carcasses and fish, which are believed to be a major cause of Arcandia's heart disease epidemic.
Arcand's market for professional sports is roughly $62 billion. While the most popular spectator sport is rugby, the national sport is considered to be cricket. Arcandian athletes have set several world records and won 321 Olympic medals in athletics alone. In addition, the 2012 Olympic Games were held in Grace Anwood. Basketball, ice hockey, baseball, and tennis are also popular sports.
Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operates on a system over 2 million miles of roads. Arcand has one of the largest automotive industries in the world.
There are no public transport systems. Bus, rail, and subway systems do exist, but they are privately owned and operated. Many people in urban areas drive to work, or use the well organised bus and subway systems.
The civil airline industry is also privately owned. Unlike most other industrialized nations, most airports are privately owned and run. Grace Anwood International Airport is one of the busiest in the world, serving not only Arcand, but airlines from around the globe.
Arcand uses a high amount of energy per capita. About 34% of Arcand's electricity comes from nuclear power plants, with uranium mined in the Eastern regions of Wallowset. Other electricity sources are from vast natural gas and coal reserves, and from hydro-electric dams, especially in Canter.
Most of Arcand's transportation sector uses petroleum as a result of the large reserves of cheap oil. However, a hard-line green energy policy has result in nearly 40% of the market using hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, which is continuously growing.
Template by The Free Republic of Ponderosa
The United Republic of Alahana
Flag and coat of arms
Motto:"Even when broken, a sword may still cut."
Anthem:Never back down
Map of Alahana(without its colonies)
Capital : Alahan city
and largest city
Recognised regional languages:
Government Constitutional monarchy
Political Structure:Federal repubublic
Economic System:Mixed economy
Monarch Phoenix king Gerrit II
Prime minister Aaron Sheppard
High Chancellor Aeholt Enthpol
United republic: High Council
Main land: Federal Parliament
Member states: Chamber of represantives
— Settlement (c. 1550 BCE)
— Independence (04 February 1214)
— Kingdom (12 April 1355)
— Republic (08 August 1899)
362 persons / km²
GDP (PPP, 2011)
Total : ▲ NS$ 3.483 trillion
GDP/capita :NS$ 33,255
GDP (Nominal, 2011)
Total : ▲ NS$ 3.640 trillion
GDP/capita : NS$ 34,750
PDAS rating (2013)
▬ B (75th percentile)
HDI rating (2009)
▲ 0.921 (very high)
Income inequality (2011)
▲ 28 (low)
UTC + 01:00
24-hour clock (0000-2359)
Drives on the
Hell hath no fury like a Amerionian's scorn
Location: Coalition of Democratic Nations
Population: 292 million
Largest City: Mojoland
Official Language: English
National Language: English, Amerionian
- Prime Minister: Lee Kuan Chun
- Deputy Prime Minister: Anderson Spencer
- Speaker of the House: William Lockhart
- Chief Justice: David Lee
- Upper House: Senate
- Lower House: House of Commons
Establishment: 24th January, 2013
Land Area: 9,826,675 km2
Water Area: 4,612,941 km2
Highest Point: 4,273m
Lowest Point: 152m
GDP (nominal): $22,362 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $94,968
Human Development Index: 0.98
Currency: Dollar ($)
Time Zone: Amerionian Standard Time (AST)
Drives on the: right
Calling code: +45
Internet TLD: .am
The United Kingdom of Amerion commonly called Amerion, is a democratic nation in the Coalition of Democratoc Nations. It is bordered on the north by the United Workers Federation, on the south by Areneth, by the east by Swiss Bankers and on the west by Rutannia. Amerion covers 9,826,675 square kilometers and has has an estimated population of 292. Amerion comprises of 8 and 3 territories.
Amerion is a multiparty parliamentary republic, with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government. While Amerion is diverse, ethnic Amerionians predominate: 75 percent of the population is Amerionian, with significant minorities of English, Chiniese, and Eurasians. There are two official languages, English, and Amerionian, and the country promotes multiculturalism through a range of official policies.
The establishment of Amerion is dated on the 24th of August 2013, which is celebrated annually as National Day. It has a long history of armed neutrality — adhering to a policy of role-play avoidance —and is not a member of the Coalition Trade Organization - nor the G10. It pursues, however, an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in regional affairs. One of the ten founding nations of the United Regions (UR), Amerion is also a Member of Parliament in the Coalition of Democratic Nations, and a member of the Coalition Party. Amerion's rapid development has given it significant influence in global affairs, leading some nations to identify it as a regional power.
The English name of Amerion is derived from the Genolian word Amar (Genolian: குடியரசு), hence the traditional reference to the nation as the Amar Country.
Melba ('sea town'), a forth century outpost of the Genolian Empire, is the earliest known settlement in Amerion. The nation was part of the Genolian Empire until it was invaded by the south Brendian Conferate, in the early 11th century. In 1613, Javemar raiders burned down the port city of Melba and the nation stagnated into obscurity for the next three centuries.
In 1812, Arthur Mill Holts arrived and signed a treaty with Queen Empress Ramaya of Javemar, on behalf of the New Genolian Company, to develop the nation of Amerion as a Genolian colony in Terra Nullius. In 1874, the entire island became a Genolian dominion under a further treaty with the Empress.
During the Great War, the Confederate Army invaded Amerion, culminating in the Battle of Amerion. The Genolians were defeated, surrendering on 12th January 1931. Genolian President Anderson Lee Harper called the loss of Amerion to the Confederates "... the worst loss in Genolian history". The Melba massacre of ethnic Amerion after the fall of Amar Fort cost between 5,600,100 and 25,400,700 lives. The Confederation military forces occupied Amerion until the Genolians repossessed it in March 1937, after the Surrender of the Confederacy.
Amerion's first general election in 1941 was won by Vincent Matthews, the pro-independence leader of the Liberal Party. He led a delegation to Genolia to demand complete self-rule but was turned down by the Genolians. He subsequently resigned and was replaced by David Wong, whose policies convinced Genolia to grant Amerion full internal self-government for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.
During the Januarary 1944 elections, the Coalition Party won a landslide victory. Amerion became an internally self-governing state within the United Kingdom and Cary Newton became the country's first Prime Minister.
During the 1950s, Genting Maoists with strong ties to the trade unions and Genting schools carried out an armed uprising against the government, leading to the Melba Emergency and later, the Genting Insurgency War.
The geography of Amerion encompasses a wide variety of biogeographic regions being located in a seasonal landmass in Terra Nullius. The population of Amerion is concentrated along the western and southeastern coasts. The geography of the country is extremely diverse, ranging from the snow-capped mountains of the Amerion Alps to the central jungles of Mojopore, tropical and temperate forests.
Amerion's population has tripled since independence. Nevertheless, its population density, 7.4 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the region. By 2015, Amerion's population is currently projected to reach around 2 billion.
37.6% of Amerionians were born overseas and 61.4% of the citizenry have at least one intraregional-born parent; the largest immigrant groups were those from the Swiss Bankers, ASEAN, The Silver Bloods, Tirada, Quevola, and The United Workers Federation.
Although Amerion has no official language, English has always been entrenched as the de facto national language. Amerionian English is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon, and differs slightly from other varieties of English in grammar and spelling.
Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is mostly supported by the Amerionian State. All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the Ministry of Education. English is the language of instruction in all public schools, and all subjects are taught and examined in English except for the "mother tongue" language paper. While the term "mother tongue" in general refers to the first language interregionally, in Amerion's education system, it is used to refer to the second language, as English is the first language.
Education takes place in three stages: primary, secondary, and pre-university education. Only the primary level and secondary education is compulsory. Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage. The curriculum is focused on the development of English, the mother tongue, math, and science. Secondary school lasts from four to five years, and is divided between Special, Express, Normal (Academic), and Normal (Technical) streams in each school, depending on a student's ability level. The basic coursework breakdown is the same as in the primary level, although classes are much more specialised. Pre-university education takes place over two to three years at senior schools, mostly called Junior Colleges.
GDP (nominal) per capita: