De Facto Rule
Major Nations Involved
Lovsk is a rural, cold, and rocky island close to the northern tip of Gael. Most of its 300,000 inhabitants are native Lovskians who mainly live in agricultural-based communities and towns, but a few of them are Osters who migrated to Lovsk following many years of Oster mining, extraction, and production activities on the island. In 2015, following a chain of violent events involving Lovskian insurgents - Ostehaar took control over the island and significantly increaed its economic and military presence there, de-facto turning Lovsk to an Oster protectorate. Since then the island has seen periods of calm and periods of violence, bringing the situation closer and closer to a boiling point.
Occupied and Heavily Patrolled
Lovsk is an island located near Noronica, several hundreds of kilometers north-west of the Oster coast, roughly a third of the way from Ostehaar to Vancouvia. In 2015, following a chain of violent events (RPed here) involving Lovskian insurgents, secret agents from Ostehaar and Polar Svalbard, and many Oster and Lovskian civilians - Lovsk became a protectorate of Ostehaar.
Activity of the Oster government and military remains high in Lovsk, with several DFO units currently deployed on the island. Several uninhabited portions of the island are used by Oster forces for training and weapon testing, and a joint training camp for military forces from Ostehaar, Vancouvia, and Noronica was recently opened.
Today, Lovsk remains a relatively quiet and rural community with a tiny population of only 300,000 Lovskians, around 20,000-30,000 Osters, and around 5,000 Noronnicans. Oster mining and extraction companies search and mine metals and valuable minerals from the island's soil, and Oster electronics companies operate production factories on the island and employ many of the locals. Prices are low, as they've always been, and infrastructure is improving as a result of Oster government investments and private companies developing the island.
However, according to one of Ostehaar's leading and most influential columnists, Dr. Dehren Si Braant, the situation on the island during 2017-2018 has been very fragile: "Think of a covered boiling pot that is about to burst. We have been keeping the island on this 'temporary' status for almost two years, while underneath the surface we failed to deal with the Lovskian nationalist movement that has been growing and developing. [...] I expect violence to increase in Lovsk in 2018 unless we take some drastic measures to prevent it."
For more on the current situation in Lovsk, read the full conversation with Dr. Si Braant here.
The Noronnican Period (taken from here)
The Noronnican Bronze Age saw the population movement between both what is now defined as Noronica and Lovsk. Communities fluctuated often as regular expeditions were made across the channel. Evidence of this practise arose from the discovery of large amounts of pieces of early vessels across both the Noronnican Western coastline and the Lovskian Eastern coastline. However, as proto-civilisations began to emerge, Lovsk and Noronica eventually became separate territorial entities, and families grew more reluctant to migrate from their settlement.
Around 250 BC, the Droch Dhaoine began to purposefully migrate to Lovsk so as to expand its influence over the island and better their Nis rivals. Lovsk eventually became part of the Ner Lackde, and yet the communities on the island were reluctant to support the rest of their tribe in the following conflict.
A large-scale war around 2 AD between the Nis and the Droch Dhaoine occurred due to a marriage pact being broken by the Droch Dhaoine Chieftain who attempted to sacrifice his wife to the Gods from a 'vision' that he had. The Nis, who were well-equipped and well-ordered launched a full-scale invasion of the Droch Dhaoine land, pillaging it and burning settlements. Many other tribes were dragged into the war, classing it as an early 'Civil War' between two factions of Ner Lackde. The Nis won the war, taking control of the land and forming the tribes into a confederation of tribes called 'the Nyssicens' - the early Nyssics. They all shared the same culture and were led by a central Chieftain where modern Gwynon stands today. A religion also formed from the belief that Gods were to thank for the Nis tribe winning. Ner Lackde had many religions within each tribe, most believing in the air, water, fire and earth. The Nis believed in a pantheon of pagan Gods who ruled over natural aspects of Ner Lackde.
During the later years of the Iron Age, (50 - 100 AD) a religious body called the 'Draehakd' formed. They served under the current Chieftain but built altars and religious buildings in the name of the Gods, to which the people flocked under. The Nyssicens became more religious, carving symbol stones and monuments in the name of the Gods. The Draehakd made a foothold in Lovsk also, increasing the influence of paganism over the entirety of the Noronnican Isles.
Early Medieval Era
In 140 AD a historic pact between the four main tribes within the Nyssicen was made, officially drawing borders of each tribe's land. This is called 'the Consolidation of the First Kingdoms', due to the sophistication of the styles of ruling. Each tribal land soon developed into a kingdom with the idea of a 'King' being introduced. The four kingdoms were named; the Waelf Kingdom, the Hulfeyn Kingdom, the Turnac Kingdom, and the Ulfaern Kingdom. The Ulfaern Kingdom is regarded as the largest and most significant kingdom, being the richest kingdom and the one with the most advanced army. It also had the best trade connections with others across the Argean Sea.
Lovsk also grew in strength, soon forming into a unitary kingdom after the dominant tribe in Lovsk consolidated its control over the island. The island soon grew and cultivated its own culture, maintaining the paganism of the Draehakd.
Several attempted invasions of Lovsk were made on the island's west coast during the period of the Kingdom of Nalaen. By 643 AD, around a quarter of the island's surface area came under direct rule of Nalaen laerds, and around a third under Nalaen hegemony. Despite this control, the Lovskian Kingdom in the east and central lands of the island remained fiercely independent and often stirred border issues when at all possible. It was through the marriage of Gráinne and Iaian, the daughter of the King of Lovsk and son of the King of Nalaen respectively, that relations between the two kingdoms settled.
High Medieval Era
Queen Margan made several journeys to Lovsk, in an attempt to proselytize Noronnican holdings in Lovsk which had begun to diminish. Christianity eventually took over the paganist influence in Lovsk, leaving only small pockets in remote areas of the island, as the fusion of paganism and Christianity was popular to the Lovskian populace. By the late 11th Century, Christianity had become so ingrained in Lovskian society that bishops crowned the kings of Lovsk.
In 1104, the Laerds set up the King's son as the new King, giving regency to the Laerds who decided to form a Clan System that made the Laerds chiefs of these clans. Every family under the territories were part of this larger 'family' system, with the Laerd's family at the top. They had a lot of power over their lands, with the Monarchy having very little power. The monarchy was elected by Clan Laerds instead of the title being hereditary. The land was split into further separated territories and the system was soon implemented, including Noronnican holdings in Lovsk.
The Sixteenth & Seventeenth Centuries
Consolidating his rule, King Robert (coronated in 1572) ensured that he was crowned King of Lovsk as well, threatening the use of force and increasing his stranglehold on the Lovskian economy. Lovsk had maintained peaceful relations with Noronica throughout the conflicts in Noronica, yet Lovsk had been overshadowed by the rapid expansion of Noronica's population and thus its economy, which had allowed past Noronnican rulers to increase their unofficial influence on Lovsk.
At this time across the Western Isles, Imperialism had begun to take hold, as several rulers began to expand their territorial domains. Seeking to further influence Lovsk without the use of military force or their own coffers, the Noronnican Crown authorised the 'plantation' of Noronnican immigrants onto the island of Lovsk. Later in the 1500s, harsh laws were enacted in an attempt to remove the Lovskian cultural identity.
From 1602, Noronica and Lovsk underwent a large period of modernization. The power of the Clans was significantly lowered in an attempt to convert Noronica into having a centralised government. This met some resistance from many of the Laerds, but the Crown and the Round Table were both in agreement, desiring a more unified nation. The Kingdom was dragged out of its traditional values, being replaced with better infrastructure and a better political system. Trade routes were expanded and a movement to build ships began, leading to the beginning of Noronica's ship-building industry. The 17th Century was a period of exploring new heights and building a more developed Noronica, many Historians call this period the 'Modernist Revolution' as many of the old traditions were separated from the newer values.
In 1658, the Earl of Neist in Lovsk, angered by the forceful introduction of Noronnican authority, gathered supporters in surrounding regions and initiated a rebellion against the Noronnican authorities. The rebellion was initially in the form of protest, including the expelling of any Noronnican economic influences and the refusal to work in mines or any other place of economic importance. This greatly angered the Noronnican laerds in the west of the island who petitioned to the Noronnican Crown to forbid this act of protest. The rebellion soon became armed when the Noro-Lovskian Laerds took the law into their own hands after the reluctance of the Crown to put down the protest by sending in their own private forces to terrorise the eastern lands. The rebellion was well-supplied however, and the incompetence of the Laerds' forces led to Noronnican territory being invaded and occupied by the rebels. This was an error on the Rebellion's side as mainland Noronica would have remained neutral had their lands not been touched and would have sought a diplomatic end to the rebellion. Instead, Noronnican troops made landfall on the west coast of Lovsk on 6th October 1661 and moved swiftly to put down the rebellion. The force swept over Lovsk, cutting down rebels quickly and ruthlessly, shocking the Lovskian populace whose favour had turned towards the rebels. The most famous battle of the rebellion took place in Estner, right at the heart of Southern Lovsk, where Noronnican forces and the bulk of the rebel forces entered into a bloody battle of attrition which lasted for over a month before Noronnican forces eventually routed out any and all semblance of rebellion in Estner.
The event became known as the 'Neist Rebellion' and it served as a martyr for future Lovskian rebellions. Noronnican control gripped tighter on the island after the rebellion and soon Noronnican garrisons were strategically placed around Lovsk in an attempt to completely crush the rebellious sentiment in the Lovskian people.
The Unification of Noronica
In Lovsk, the desire for total independence of Noronnican control took hold in many of the Lovskian population, and soon influential speakers and aristocrats took to the grounds, decrying the control of Noronica over Lovsk and calling for the reclamation of Lovskian values. On the night of 17th August 1698, Lovskian rebels quietly occupied smaller garrisons around Lovsk, taking hold of several key positions around the island. In the morning, a large rebel force entered Levenburg and interrupted a session of the Lovskian Parliament, the group's leaders denouncing the members of parliament for being 'traitors' and 'leeches' to the cause of Lovskian independence. An act written by rebel leaders was forcefully passed with the help of armed intimidation to formally declare Lovsk's independence from mainland Noronica.
The Noronnican response was slow, but eventually a reciprocal act was passed in the Noronnican Parliament which called for the immediate integration of Lovsk into the Treaty of Noronnican Union and the disintegration of the Lovskian Parliament. This was enforced by a large Noronnican force backed by the western garrisons entering the eastern territories. The Noronnicans were furious and were harsh in their put down of the rebellion. Most members were publically executed in all major settlements around Lovsk and those that attempted to fight the Noronnican forces were swiftly killed. The rebels in Levenburg, inspired by other revolutions, blockaded the capital and attempted to hold off the advancing Noronnican troops. The Siege of Levenburg lasted for several months before the Lovskian commanders surrendered due to the lack of supply or reinforcement. The consequences for the members of the rebellion were brutal, and many historians argue that this was a major atrocity committed by Noronnican forces in Lovsk as anyone suspected of taking any part in the rebellion was systematically shot, eventually putting the death toll at a suspected 54,300.
Like the clans in Noronica, Lovsk was subjected to laws which promoted the homogeneous integration of Noronnican culture in Lovsk. Many cultural aspects of Lovsk were swiftly banned by Noronnican authorities and more mass migrations enforced Noronnican supremacy over the native Lovskians by number.
When the new Republican Government installed themselves in Noronica, the remaining colonial territories swiftly cut all ties with mainland Noronica and set up new Republican systems, using the constitutional excuse of not being under an imperial crown any longer. Lovsk was the first to separate from Noronica, the nationalist Lovsk Republican Party taking the reigns on 4th June 1973. Several protests broke out from within the new country between Noronnicans and Lovskians, yet the Noronnican Government made no move to prevent the independence movement, instead making threats and placing troops on the eastern coast of Noronica. In a speech over colonialism, Peyter stated that her country would, 'not tolerate the moves of independence-traitors' and that, 'Noronica shall rule these territories again under a firm an just order'.
The Oster Period (read about Ostehaar's recent history here)
During the economic crisis of the 1980's in Ostehaar, Oster citizens sought "refuge" in Lovsk - Everything on the island was a lot cheaper, and for a few years a sense of "gold rush" and of "endless opportunities" was present among those who moved there. Nature enthusiasts and "new age" hippies soon followed, and by the end of the 1980's one could meet more than a few Osters during a short walk on the streets of Lovsk's towns.
The 1990's electronics-boom in Ostehaar leaked all the way to the island, and by 1995 it was flooded with Oster electronics companies opening factories and exploiting the local Lovskians. The Oster government, wishing to take care of the economical interests of the nation and protecting Oster companies, covertly started operating in the island, using Unit 1088 and infiltrating deep into all ranks of Lovsk's government. Corrupt officials were common, and bribery and extortion were not out of the question. By the year 2000 most Oster companies in Lovsk enjoyed a royalty rate of nearly 0% and a similar tax rate, all the while practically stealing precious and rare metals from the Lovskians and paying their local employees less than enough.
Ten years later, around 2011, voices inside Lovsk began expressing their dissatisfaction from this "arrangement". In 2013 a large mob rallied against the Oster exploitation of Lovsk, calling the government to nationalize the mining industry and to kick the Oster companies out. In response to this, the Oster government deepened its intervention and sent more of its agents to the island - One of them was Behl Rand Khehli. Back in Ostehaar, high ranking officials in the Ministry of Defense began to openly speak of sending special forces or special agents to crack down on the rising opposition in Lovsk. They began to speak of assassinations, sabotage, and incitement - But so did the Lovsk opposition.
In the last few months of 2015, Oster government agents and special forces eradicated most of the Lovskian insurgent groups. A complete takeover followed, bringing Lovsk under full Oster control.