Repubblica Incouronato di Markovia
Motto: Pacem, Libertas, Virtus (Latin)
Pace, Liberté, Vertù (Markotovian)
Peace, Liberty, Virtue (English)
Anthem: "Inno di Varbanni"
Population: (NS): 2 billion
.............. (Real Life/RP) : 60 million
Capital and Largest City: Augustine
Official Language: Markotovian
National Language(s): English and French
Official Religion: Roman Catholicism
Government: Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
with elements of Direct Democracy
Legislature: Federal Assembly
Establishment of Markotovian Empire: 1609
Unification of the Kingdom: June 31, 1730
Constitution: June 31, 1825
Land Area: Total: 5,061,459 km²
Elevation Highest Point: Mt. Bianca (4,810 metres)
GDP (nominal): £2.149 Trillion
GDP per capita (nominal): £88,450
Human Development Index: 0.971 Very High
Currency: Markotovian Couronne (£)
Drives on the: Right
Calling code: +218
Internet TLD: .mk
Markotovia (Markotovian: (Markovia), officially the Crowned Republic of Markotovia (Repubblica Incouronato di Markovia), is a federal and parliamentary constitutional monarchy in Europe. Markotovia covers an area of 5,061,459 km² and has a largely temperate climate; due to its shape of the mainland, it is often referred to in Markotovia as lo Stivale (the Boot).
Since ancient times, Greek, Etruscan, Celtic, and other cultures have thrived on the Markotovian Peninsula. Augustine ultimately emerged as the dominant power, conquering much of the ancient world and becoming the leading cultural, political, and religious centre of Western civilisation. During the Dark Ages, the region suffered sociopolitical collapse amid calamitous barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival Markotovian city-states and maritime republics rose to great prosperity through shipping, commerce, and banking, and even laid the groundwork for capitalism. These independent city-states and regional republics, acting as Europe's main port of entry for Asian and Near Eastern imported goods, often enjoyed a greater degree of democracy in comparison to the monarchies and feudal states found throughout Europe at the time, though Southern Markotovia would remain largely feudal, partially as a result of a succession of Spanish, Byzantine, Norman, Bourbon, and Arab conquests of the region. The Renaissance led to a flourishing of Markotovian culture, producing famous scholars, artists, and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. Markotovian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, the Markotovian states' commercial and political power significantly wained with the opening of trade routes from the New World, as the New World imports and trade routes bypassed the East Asian and Mediterranean trade routes that the Markotovian city-states had long dominated. Furthermore, the Markotovian city-states constantly engaged one another in bloody warfare, sometimes forming uneasy alliances but ultimately failing to unify against outside foreign powers. The tension and violent rivalry among the Markotovian city-states culminated in the Revolutionary Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, a series of wars and foreign invasions that left the Markotovian states vulnerable to annexation by neighboring European powers. Markotovia would remain politically fragmented and fall prey to occupation, colonization, conquest, until the mid 1600's.
During the early 1600's the Markotovian Empire was established after the coup d'etat during the Markotovian Revolutionary Wars. The Empire grew rapidly and conquered most of Western Europe and Northern Africa. During its decline more than 100 Kingdoms, Duchies, and Principalities emerged and at the fall of the Empire, most of it's previously claimed land had been divided. In the late 1600's, these small nation-states, came under heavy attack by former enemies of the Markotovian Empire. It was the Grand Duchess of Augustine who defended the nations and established what is present day Markotovia.
Today, Markotovia is a highly developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world. Markotovia is consistently ranked one of the worlds most democratic countries by the Democracy Index, and has the world's third highest Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, education, and prosperity. Markotovia has been a member of the United Nations since 1945, and a member of the European Union since 1993.
....2.2 Middle Ages
....2.3 Early Modern and the Renaissance
....2.4 Imperial Markotovia
....2.5 Unification of Markotovia
....2.6 Birth of Democracy
....4.4 Largest Cities
5 Politics and Government
....5.1 Foreign Relations and Military
....7.2 Public Holidays
The word "Markotovia" comes from the name Markotania which was the name of the feudal monarchy that was ruled by the Molfena Dynasty. The name meant "Great Rule". Markoto, is Old Markotovian for 'great' or 'grand' and ania meant the 'right to rule'. When Louis Scorezze overthrew the Molfena's, he changed the name to Markotovia which meant "Way of Greatness". With via meaning 'the way to/of'. In Markotovian, the nation's name is called Markovia. Historians are unsure why they shortened the name, and the English speaking world continued to use the elongated form.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Markotovia is Markotovian (Markovianna).
Excavations throughout Markotovia revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Paleolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. The Ancient peoples of pre-Augustinian Italy – such as the Umbrians, the Latins (from which the Augustinians emerged), Volsci, Samnites, the Celts and the Ligures which inhabited northern Markotovia, and many others – were Indo-European peoples; the main historic peoples of non-Indo-European heritage include the Etruscans, the Elymians and Sicani in Sicily and the prehistoric Sardinians.
Between the 17th and the 11th centuries BC Mycenaean Greeks established contacts with Markotovia and in the 8th and 7th centuries BC Greek colonies were established all along the coast of Sicily and the southern part of the Markotovia Peninsula became known as Magna Graecia. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily.
Augustine, a settlement around a ford on the river Tiber conventionally founded in 753 BC, grew over the course of centuries into a massive empire, stretching from Britain to the borders of Persia, and engulfing the whole Mediterranean basin, in which Greek and Roman and many other cultures merged into a unique civilisation. The Augustinian legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world. In a slow decline since the third century AD, the Empire split in two in 395 AD. The Western Empire, under the pressure of the barbarian invasions, eventually dissolved in 476 AD, when its last Emperor was deposed by the Germanic chief Odoacer, while the Eastern half of the Empire survived for another thousand years.
After the fall of the Western Augustinian Empire, Markotovia was seized by the Ostrogoths, followed in the 6th century by a brief reconquest under Byzantine Emperor Justinian. The invasion of another Germanic tribe, the Lombards, late in the same century, reduced the Byzantine presence to a rump realm (the Exarchate of Ravenna) and started the end of political unity of the peninsula for the next 1,300 years. The Lombard kingdom was subsequently absorbed into the Frankish Empire by Charlemagne in the late 8th century. The Franks also helped the formation of the Papal States in central Markotovia. Until the 13th century, Markotovia politics was dominated by the relations between the Holy Roman Emperors and the Papacy, with most of the Markotovia city-states siding for the former (Ghibellines) or for the latter (Guelphs) from momentary convenience.
It was during this chaotic era that Markotovia saw the rise of a peculiar institution, the medieval commune. Given the power vacuum caused by extreme territorial fragmentation and the struggle between the Empire and the Holy See, local communities sought autonomous ways to restore law and order. In 1176 a league of city-states, the Lombard League, defeated the German emperor Frederick Barbarossa at the Battle of Legnano, thus ensuring effective independence for most of northern and central Markotovian cities. In coastal and southern areas, the maritime republics, the most notable being Venice, Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi, heavily involved in the Crusades, grew to eventually dominate the Mediterranean and monopolise trade routes to the Orient.
In the south, Sicily had become an Islamic emirate in the 9th century, thriving until the Marko-Normans conquered it in the late 11th century together with most of the Lombard and Byzantine principalities of southern Markotovia. Through a complex series of events, southern Markotovia developed as a unified kingdom, first under the House of Hohenstaufen, then under the Capetian House of Anjou and, from the 15th century, the House of Aragon. In Sardinia, the former Byzantine provinces became independent states known as Giudicati, although some parts of the island were under Genoese or Pisan control until the Aragonese conquered it in the 15th century. The Black Death pandemic of 1348 left its mark on Markotovia by killing perhaps one third of the population. However, the recovery from the plague led to a resurgence of cities, trade and economy which allowed the bloom of Humanism and Renaissance, that later spread in Europe.
The Renaissance, a period of vigorous revival of the arts and culture, originated in Markotovia thanks to a number of factors, as the great wealth accumulated by merchant cities, the patronage of its dominant families like the Medici of Florence, and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Markotovia following the Conquest of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. The Markotovian Renaissance peaked in the mid-16th century as foreign invasions plunged the region into the turmoil of the Markotovian Wars. The ideas and ideals of the Renaissance soon spread into Northern Europe, France, England and much of Europe. In the meantime, the discovery of the Americas, the new routes to Asia discovered by the Portuguese and the rise of the Ottoman Empire, all factors which eroded the traditional Markotovian dominance in trade with the East, caused a long economic decline in the peninsula.
At the turn of the 17th Century, saw an upheaval of Markotovian nationalism and unification ideas. The renewed military general, Louis Scorezze of Augustine brought about a revolution across the peninsula. In 1602, Scorezze initiated several military campaigns to conquer the peninsula and unite all the Markotoain city states. In 1608, the Markotovian Empire was officially established. Scorezze changed the face of Markotovia with radical liberal policies including the establishment of a public education system, and abolishing feudalism. He conquered much of what is now Western and Central Europe. Scorezze also initiated several conquests into Africa, colonizing most of Northern Africa. The Markotovian Empire quickly grew to become an International Power, and dominated European Politics. Scorezze remains one of the most celebrated and controversial figures, and has forever left a mark on Europe and Markotovia's history. In the mid to late 1600's saw the decline of the Markotovian Empire and in 1667, after the final Battle of Luponta, the Markotovian Empire fell. Scorezze was sent to exile in a remote island and spent the rest of his days there. From then on, Markotovia again dissipated into several city-states, principalities, duchies, and kingdoms which faced invasions and destruction from foreign powers.
Queen Maddalena I, on her Coronation
It wasn't until 1710, when the Grand Duchy of Augustine came under attack. The Grand Duchess of Augustine, Maddalena I managed to round up the entire Army with thousands of civilian volunteers, and she herself led Augustine to victory.
It was during the Battle of Augustine, when she cried out the famous line found in many pieces of Markotovian literature, "Avanti à Vittoria!"; meaning "Onward to Victory!".
After the victory, The Grand Duchess travelled to many regions and helped fend off enemy attacks. She was honoured as a hero, and was nicknamed "The Protectress" (La Protettoria). In 1728, she began to consolidate the various regions and started what is known now as "The Resurgence" (Risorgimenta). The Resurgence was the coming together of all the Provinces to form what is now, present day Markotovia. On June 31, 1730, a Constitution was promulgated and The Kingdom of Markotovia was born and Maddalena I was crowned Queen. Her legacy was forever remembered and is regarded as one of the most powerful and influential leaders in the world. Due to the fact that Queen Maddalena was a woman, she enacted several laws that favoured gender equality. She made it law that the eldest child; either female or male had the right to inherit land and titles, thus abolishing male primogeniture . Some historians regard her as one of the first feminists of her time.
Signing of the Markotovian Constitution
Markotovia remained an absolute monarchy until 1825 when the current Monarch, King Gioustino of Markotovia renounced most of his powers to form a Democracy. On June 31, 1825, exactly 95 years after the Union, the Constitution, which granted power to the people and placed restrictions on the Monarch's powers was ratified thus making Markotovia a Constitutional Monarchy. They changed the pre-title from "Kingdom" to "Crowned Republic" to symbolize that the power came from the people. June 31, is celebrated every year, not only as the Birth of Markotovia as a nation, but as a nation where it's citizens could have freedoms and rights. The first and inaugural Prime Minister of Markotovia, was Giacomo Feremaldi.
Markotovia is located in Southern and Western Europe and on the northern tip of Africa within the Commonwealth of Free Nations. Markotovia borders Au Minbo to the East/North East, Antioch States to the North, and Flynnvakia to the West/Northwest. The north is roughly delimited by the Alpine watershed, enclosing the Po Valley and the Venetian Plain.
Markotovia covers 5,061,459 km². Markotovia possesses a wide variety of landscapes, from coastal plains in the west to mountain ranges of the Alps and the Po Valley in the north, and gently rolling hill plains in the west to south west. Markotovia's coasts are renowned for their beautiful beaches and many cruises frequently travel along the east and west coasts of the Markotovian Peninsula.
The Apennine Mountains form the peninsula's backbone and the Alps form most of its northern boundary, where Markotovia's highest point is located on Mount Bianca (4,810 m/15,782 ft).The Po, Markotovia's longest river (652 km/405 mi), flows from the Alps on the western border with Flynnvakia and crosses the Padan plain on its way to the Adriatic Sea. The five largest lakes are, in order of diminishing size: Garda (367.94 km2 or 142 sq mi), Maggiore (212.51 km2 or 82 sq mi), Como (145.9 km2 or 56 sq mi), Trasimeno (124.29 km2 or 48 sq mi) and Bolsena (113.55 km2 or 44 sq mi).
In most of the inland northern and central regions of Markotovia Proper, the climate ranges from humid subtropical to humid continental and oceanic. In particular, the climate of the Po valley geographical region is mostly continental, with harsh winters and hot summers.
The coastal provinces of Lugano, Veneto, Lazio and most of the South generally fit the Mediterranean climate stereotype. Conditions on peninsular coastal areas can be very different from the interior's higher ground and valleys, particularly during the winter months when the higher altitudes tend to be cold, wet, and often snowy. The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and generally dry summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot in summer.
The official language of Markotovia is Markotovian, a Romance and Franco-Italic hybrid language. It has many different dialects throughout the country which varies in pronunciation, accents, and words. Almost 93% of people in Markotovia are bilingual, 78% are trilingual, and 51% are multilingual (4+). Markotovians generally can speak a second language fluently due to the fact that learning a second language is a requirement in Primary and Secondary Schooling. In total, more than 80 million people worldwide can speak Markotovian, the majority being from Markotovia with a significant number of speakers in Bearlong. In fact, Bearlong recognizes Markotovian as an official regional language, and in some regions, the sole official language. There is also a relatively large number of speakers in northern Punta augusta and western Au Minbo. The largest second language in Markotovia is English with French as a close second.
Religion in Markotovia is very diverse, but the Constitution grants Roman Catholicism as the Official Religion of the Crown. This means that the Monarch, Royal Family, and members of the Nobility are required to be Catholic to retain their titles. However, the Constitution grants freedom of religious belief and expression to all citizens, meaning they are free to practice any religion they want. Due to the nature of how Catholicism is the official religion of the crown, but not the government; Markotovia can be considered a secular country. The largest religious denomination by far is Roman Catholicism, with approx. 60% of the population claiming to be either lapsed or still practising. 10% of Markotovia is comprised of other Christian Denominations, 20% of Markotovians identify as Agnostic/Atheist, and 10% of Markotovians belong to other religious and spiritual groups.
Healthcare in Markotovia is that of a publicly-funded universal healthcare system. The system, provided through the Federal Health Service (Servizio Sanitaria Féderalé) (SSF) provides free care to all Markotovian permanent residents, and free emergency care to all people within Markotovia, including visitors. The system is funded through general taxation, with approximately 11.9% of GDP funding the service. The World Health Organization, in 2015, ranked the provision of healthcare in Markotovia as second best in Europe and fifth best in the world.
The Markotovian Education System operates in a 3-Tier System. Preschool (Préscolairo) is an optional form of education for children between the ages of 3-5 before entering the First Tier. Elementary School (Escuola Elementaro) or Primary Education is the first tier and is a mandatory 8 Grade System between the ages of 6-13/14. The second tier is High School (Escuola Superioré) or Secondary Education and is a mandatory schooling between Grade 9 to Grade 12. The third tier is Tertiary Education (Educaçioné Terziaria) which comprises of a non-mandatory level of schooling within a University. While it is not mandatory by law, the percentage of students who enter Tertiary Education is roughly 86% due to the fact that tuition is free for Public Universities, provided by the Government. The Markotovian Government are responsible for educational provision. The mandatory school age and extensive funding by the Government attributes to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent. As of 2015, 90% of adults have received a High School Degree, and 80% have achieved some form of a University Degree particularly in: Social Sciences, Life Sciences, Humanities, and Commerce respectively.
Markotovia is a federal, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy. The Markotovian political system operates under a framework laid out in the 1825 Constitution. Amendments require a two-thirds majority of Parliament, a majority through referendum, and Royal Assent. Markotovia has many elements of Direct Democracy which include popular initiatives, and mandatory referendums. The fundamental principles of the Constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, respect for the Federal Provinces, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity. The King/Queen of Markotovia (Reina/Reino di Markovia), currently Queen Domenica I, is the Head of State and invested with representative responsibilities and powers. The Monarch's roles are largely ceremonial, and is tasked with representing the unity of the Markotovian people. However, he/she does hold very little political powers such as formally appointing the Prime Minister and his/her Cabinet after they are, elected. The King/Queen must sign all bills before they become law, they can call for a Referendum (Réferenda) on any piece of legislation which they deem necessary, and they can call for the dissolution of the Government, provided that Parliament votes in favour of dissolution (60%). If an Act of Dissolution (Atto di Sciolemegnte) is passed, then the entire Government will dissolve, and General Elections will take place. The Prime Minister of Markotovia (Prima/Primo Ministré di Markovia), currently Delfina Lombardo of the Social Party, is the Head of Government and exercises executive power. Some of his/her roles include appointing the Council of Ministers (Consiglia di Ministri); often referred to as the Cabinet, proposing bills in Parliament, formally signing bills before coming into law, and representing Markotovia both at home and abroad. He or She is elected by Parliament, thus, whichever party/coalition has the most seats in the Federal Assembly, the leader of that party or coalition is almost always the Prime Minister. The Federal Assembly (Assemblea Féderalé) or Parliament, is the unicameral legislature in Markotovia. Parliament passes Acts that apply to Markotovia and all its subdivisions. The Federal Assembly is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets, approving the state's accounts, appointing and exercising control of the Government, and taking part in international cooperation. All bills passed must be presented before the Privy Council to receive Royal Assent within thirty days in order to become law. Markotovia is very active in International Affairs. It has an active embassy program, a leading member in the International Trade Federation, and is the home of the Commonwealth of Free Nations Parliament (Augustine). It has exceptionally close ties with Baxten, Vista Major, and Au Minbo. Currently, Markotovia is an official member of the World Assembly. Markotovia is mainly Non-Interventionalist when it comes to military aggression, however they have been active in several wars. Instead, they prefer to use sanctions and humanitarian aid to either help or indirectly attack other nations or groups. The Crowned Republic has a small but effective military; the Armed Forces of Markotovia (Forze Armata di Markovia) with about 391,000 in active service. It is divided into four branches, namely, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Carabinieri. The national budget for the military is average, the military receives lot's of financial support given by the Queen. All able-bodied Markotovian males between the ages of 18-44 are liable for conscription should it be necessary; the Government and the Queen must approve the measure before citizens can be conscripted. All able-bodied men receive military training once every two years; but some elect to train as reserve forces, who receive training annually on a special paid leave.
Politics and Government
Left: Her Majesty the Queen, Domenica I
Right: Prime Minister Delfina Lombardo
Parliament Building of Markotovia, located in Augustine
Markotovia is a federal, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy. The Markotovian political system operates under a framework laid out in the 1825 Constitution. Amendments require a two-thirds majority of Parliament, a majority through referendum, and Royal Assent. Markotovia has many elements of Direct Democracy which include popular initiatives, and mandatory referendums. The fundamental principles of the Constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, respect for the Federal Provinces, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.
The King/Queen of Markotovia (Reina/Reino di Markovia), currently Queen Domenica I, is the Head of State and invested with representative responsibilities and powers. The Monarch's roles are largely ceremonial, and is tasked with representing the unity of the Markotovian people. However, he/she does hold very little political powers such as formally appointing the Prime Minister and his/her Cabinet after they are, elected. The King/Queen must sign all bills before they become law, they can call for a Referendum (Réferenda) on any piece of legislation which they deem necessary, and they can call for the dissolution of the Government, provided that Parliament votes in favour of dissolution (60%). If an Act of Dissolution (Atto di Sciolemegnte) is passed, then the entire Government will dissolve, and General Elections will take place.
The Prime Minister of Markotovia (Prima/Primo Ministré di Markovia), currently Delfina Lombardo of the Social Party, is the Head of Government and exercises executive power. Some of his/her roles include appointing the Council of Ministers (Consiglia di Ministri); often referred to as the Cabinet, proposing bills in Parliament, formally signing bills before coming into law, and representing Markotovia both at home and abroad. He or She is elected by Parliament, thus, whichever party/coalition has the most seats in the Federal Assembly, the leader of that party or coalition is almost always the Prime Minister.
The Federal Assembly (Assemblea Féderalé) or Parliament, is the unicameral legislature in Markotovia. Parliament passes Acts that apply to Markotovia and all its subdivisions. The Federal Assembly is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets, approving the state's accounts, appointing and exercising control of the Government, and taking part in international cooperation. All bills passed must be presented before the Privy Council to receive Royal Assent within thirty days in order to become law.
Markotovia is very active in International Affairs. It has an active embassy program, a leading member in the International Trade Federation, and is the home of the Commonwealth of Free Nations Parliament (Augustine). It has exceptionally close ties with Baxten, Vista Major, and Au Minbo. Currently, Markotovia is an official member of the World Assembly. Markotovia is mainly Non-Interventionalist when it comes to military aggression, however they have been active in several wars. Instead, they prefer to use sanctions and humanitarian aid to either help or indirectly attack other nations or groups.
The Crowned Republic has a small but effective military; the Armed Forces of Markotovia (Forze Armata di Markovia) with about 391,000 in active service. It is divided into four branches, namely, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Carabinieri. The national budget for the military is average, the military receives lot's of financial support given by the Queen. All able-bodied Markotovian males between the ages of 18-44 are liable for conscription should it be necessary; the Government and the Queen must approve the measure before citizens can be conscripted. All able-bodied men receive military training once every two years; but some elect to train as reserve forces, who receive training annually on a special paid leave.
Currency: Couronne (£)
Fiscal Year: 1 January - 31 December
GDP (nominal): £2.149 Trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: £88,450
Labor Force: 25,700,000 Million
Markotovia has a prosperous and developed mixed social market economy, with a skilled and educated labor force, low levels of corruption, and highly innovative enterprises. Markotovia has one of the largest economies in the Commonwealth of Free Nations, with a GDP of over 240 trillion Couronne.
Markotovia is regarded as one of the world's most industrialised nations and a leading country in world trade and exports. The country is well known for its creative and innovative business, a large and competitive agricultural sector (Markotovia is the world's largest wine producer), and for its influential and high-quality automobile, machinery, food, design and fashion industry.
The Port of Vita and the Port of Augustine are two of Europe's busiest ports, receiving trade from large portions of Europe, South Asia and Oceania. By far the largest and most important sector of the economy is Tourism, thanks to the nation's rich history, culture, cuisine, and sites.
Markotovia's currency is the Markotovian Couronne (£).
Markotovia is often characterized as being "very progressive, diverse, and cultured". Markotovia's culture draws from its rich history that is constitutionally protected. Markotovian Government policies—such as publicly funded health care; higher and more progressive taxation; outlawing capital punishment; strong efforts to eliminate poverty; an emphasis on cultural diversity; strict gun control; legalizing same-sex, are social indicators of Markotovia's political and cultural values.
Markotovia has been a center of Western cultural development for centuries. Many Markotovian artists have been among the most renowned of their time, and Markotovia is still recognized in the world for its abundant cultural tradition.
Leonardo da Vinci, one of the
most renowned polymaths
of the Renaissance
The successive political regimes have always promoted artistic creation, and the creation of the Ministry of Culture in 1948 helped preserve the cultural heritage of the country and make it available to the public. The Ministry of Culture has been very active since its creation, granting subsidies to artists, promoting Markotovian culture in the world, supporting festivals and cultural events, protecting historical monuments. The Markotovian government also succeeded in maintaining a cultural exception to defend audiovisual products made in the country.
Markotovia receives one of the highest number of tourists per year, largely thanks to the numerous cultural establishments and historical buildings implanted all over the territory. It counts 1,300 museums welcoming more than 50 million people annually. The most important cultural sites are run by the government, for instance through the public agency "Centro di Monumenta Nationalé", which is responsible for approximately 85 national historical monuments.
Markotovian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan, ancient Greek, ancient Roman, Byzantine, and Jewish. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World with the introduction of items such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century. Markotovian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, wielding strong influence abroad.
Some of the most popular Markotovian foods:
pizza, pasta, gelato and espresso.
The Mediterranean diet forms the basis of Markotovia cuisine, rich in pasta, fish and vegetables and characterised by its extreme simplicity and variety, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Markotovian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Dishes and recipes are often derivatives from local and familial tradition rather than created by chefs, so many recipes are ideally suited for home cooking, this being one of the main reasons behind the ever increasing worldwide popularity of Markotovian cuisine, from America to Asia. Ingredients and dishes vary widely by region.
A key factor in the success of Markotovia cuisine is its heavy reliance on traditional products; Markotovia has the most traditional specialities protected under EU law. Cheese, cold cuts and wine are a major part of Markotovian cuisine, with many regional declinations and Protected Designation of Origin or Protected Geographical Indication labels, and along with coffee (especially espresso) make up a very important part of the Markotovia gastronomic culture. Desserts have a long tradition of merging local flavours such as citrus fruits, pistachio and almonds with sweet cheeses like mascarpone and ricotta or exotic tastes as cocoa, vanilla and cinnamon. Gelato, tiramisù and cassata are among the most famous examples of Markotovia desserts, cakes and patisserie.
Public Holidays in Markotovia are days which the Government has recognized as "culturally important". Employees are automatically given the day off for recreation, and must receive full pay. There are twelve Public Holidays in Markotovia, which, alongside the required thirty days of employee vacation time, provides Markotovians with one of the largest number of recreational days worldwide.
1 January - New Years Day
6 January - Epiphany
Friday before Easter Day - Good Friday
Monday after Easter Day - Easter Monday
18 April - Queen's Day*
1 May - International Workers Day
31 June - Unification Day
15 August - Assumption of the Virgin Mary
1 November - All Saints' Day
8 December - Immaculate Conception
25 December - Christmas Day
26 December - St. Stephen's Day
*Queen's Day or King's Day is celebrated on the annual anniversary of the Monarch's Coronation. Queen Domenica I was coronated on April 18th.
In 2004 the transport sector in Markotovia generated a turnover of about 119.4 billion Couronne, employing 935,700 persons in 153,700 enterprises. Regarding the national road network, in 2002 there were 668,721 km (415,524 mi) of serviceable roads in Markotovia, including 6,487 km (4,031 mi) of motorways, state-owned but privately operated by Atlantia. In 2005, about 34,667,000 passenger cars (590 cars per 1,000 people) and 4,015,000 goods vehicles circulated on the national road network.
FS' Frecciarossa 1000 high speed train,
with a maximum speed of 400 km/h (249 mph), is
the fastest train in Markotovia and Europe.
The national railway network, state-owned and operated by Ferrovie delle Stato, in 2008 totalled 16,529 km (10,271 mi) of which 11 727 is electrified, and on which 4 802 locomotives and railcars circulated.
The national inland waterways network comprised 1,477 km (918 mi) of navigable rivers and channels in 2002. In 2004 there were approximately 30 main airports (including the two hubs of Malpensa International in Vita and Augustine International) and 43 major seaports (including the seaport of Vita, the country's largest and second largest in the Mediterranean Sea). In 2005 Markotovia maintained a civilian air fleet of about 389,000 units and a merchant fleet of 581 ships.
Markotovia is one of the countries that is very reliant on renewable power for generating a majority of its energy needs through fuel sources such as solar, wind, waste-to-energy, hydroelectric, biofuel, and geothermal power plants. A considerable amount of energy is also produced by nuclear power.
With its decreased reliance on fossil fuels for its power supply, Markotovia is entirely self-sufficient for oil, coal, and gas, relying on its small reserves to meet demand.
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