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by Margno. . 22 reads.

Frederick Heigl

Frederick Heigl


Born: May 17, 1875, Los Cruces, Democratic Republic.
Died: July 20, 1948, Hermosilla, Sonora.


Citizenship: Democratic Republic


Nationality: German


Religion: Enlightenment Theology


Era: 20th-century philosophy


Region: Western Philosophy


School: Societism, Collectivism, Rationalism.


Notable Ideas: Founder of societism, primacy of the nation, utilitarian morality, bias towards the true, anthropocentrism.
Frederick Heigl was an early twentieth century Columbian philosopher and social theorist. His philosophical theories, known as societism, call for democracy, collectivism, and authoritarianism. Factions espousing societist views rose to power in several western nations, including the Democratic Republic, in the 1910s and 1920s. There are currently seven nations describing themselves as societist in existence. Heigl is often considered the father of modern collectivism, and is among the most important figures in Enlightenment Theology.
Breaking from the popular view, established by Ferguson, that the individual must "embrace the wrong" of the state, Heigl argued that the laws of a democratic state would converge upon the most rational choice in any sufficiently large society thanks the bias towards truth introduced by human reason. Heigl also introduced a definition of morality differing from his contemporaries, namely "the ultimate and long term interests of humanity, or else those of the nation."
He authored dozens of books in his lifetime, the most notable being his Defense of Democracy, a response to monarchist criticisms of his earlier work, especially those of Sekol, which lays out the central argument of societism.
The superstitious cosmologies of the past have always been anti-human, anti-life, and above all anti-rational. That is what pseudo-religious traditionalists like Ferguson and Socrates failed to comprehend.
Much of the advantage of modern man over his primitive forbears is based on his understanding, and the latter's ignorance, of this simple fact: man is good! A traditionalist loves the imaginary and hates the real, he hates himself, mistrusts his reason, and loathes "human nature," but he loves an imaginary morality, (which corresponds to no real behavior!) An enlightened man, on the other hand, loves himself, loves humanity, and has absolute confidence in the ability of his reason to discover all things.
Alone among the animals, man has within his mind the spark of reason. Any time man applies his mind to some question concerning the workings of the universe, reason introduces a bias towards truth: it is more probable that he will come to the right conclusion than that he will come to any one wrong conclusion. But sometimes this bias can be quite weak, if the question requires greater exertion of one's mental faculties, and therefore leaves more opportunity for error. This is why we must not, above all, put a single man in control of our whole country as was done in the barbarous past, along with slavery, mass rape, brutal torture, and epidemics of diseases now known to be curable. To do so would be akin to making all policy decisions with an ouija board.
To answer the difficult questions, a more sensitive instrument is needed. This is where the society comes in. When the votes of a million rational beings are counted, questions beyond the ken of even the greatest philosopher can be answered with ease. Any who use their reason correctly will come to the correct answer, while the wrong answers will spread out randomly. So long as the society and the number of possible answers are sufficiently large, nearly any question can be answered through the mechanism of the nation.
What sort of questions should be put to the vote? Questions of morality: that is, questions of the ultimate and long term interests of humanity, or else of the nation. Such questions are so fundamental that all men should be able to posit an answer, so vital as to be the only efficient use of the state's time, and so complex as to be insolvable by any other means.
Through the great society, we will build a great future. Mankind will tame the seas and the skies, it will build towers to the upper atmosphere, it will build cities that will cover the earth, it will cure disease, it will become immortal, glorious, perfect.
What must we do to build this future? We must establish the primacy of the nation over all. Individual humans are really of no consequence. We must give all authority to the nation, and direct all our concern to the needs of the human race. We must work not for the present, but for the future! We must be willing to step over everything and everyone that does not matter.
...The greatest concern a democratic nation really faces is the minority group. Such groups survive by ensuring members encounter an unrepresentative sampling of views, such that they erroneously assume that theirs is the majority view. They exploit a weakness in the weak minded: the impression that what does not personally concern their life is somehow less real, or, as they would say it, "less real to them." They will spoil democracy if you let them, spreading their disproven views through trickery. A strong society will destroy such groups quickly and conclusively.


Excerpt from Heigl's Defense of Democracy.

Margno

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