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by The So-Called Republic of Vibonia Founder. . 120 reads.

The Vibonian Constitution

THE VIBONIAN CONSTITUTION
Article I. - Citizenship
Hereby outlines the procedure of Citizenship Applications and the rights held by Citizens of Vibonia.

Section I. - Citizenship Applications
1. A Citizen is any nation who has completed the application process on the Vibonian Discord Server.
2. Citizens must have a nation in the region of Vibonia, along with a nation that is a member of the World Assembly. This also includes mobile WAs in R/D NS Militaries.
3. Citizenship will be granted upon checks by both the Speakerís Office, who will check for basic requirements, and the Vice President, who will check for any possible concerns to safety.
4. If a Citizenship Application has not been either rejected or accepted, and is missing one or both checks, it will be granted citizenship a week after its motion.
5. If a nation fails a check by the Speaker's Office or the Vice President, their application will be denied. The Assembly may overturn the decision of the Vice President by a 2/3 majority vote.

Section II. - Rights and Duties of Citizens and Residents
1. All nations in Vibonia are expected to follow the laws and rules set by the Government.
2. Any nation that breaks these laws and rules can be taken to court in accordance with Article IV, Section II.
3. All Citizens and Residents have the right to privacy. Sharing private information without consent is unconstitutional.
4. All Citizens and Residents have the right to a fair trial if they are accused of wrongdoings.
5. All Citizens and Residents of Vibonia are entitled to free speech but may be punished should it violate government rules and/or NationStates rules.

Article II. - Separation of Powers
Hereby divides the Powers of Government into the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch and the Security Branch

Section I. - The Vibonian Assembly
1. The Vibonian Assembly will represent all current Citizens of Vibonia.
2. The Vibonian Assembly will be the authority with the power to enact, amend and repeal the laws of Vibonia.
3. The Vibonian Assembly will be led by the Speaker.
4. The following procedure takes place in the Regional Assembly when a law is proposed:
4.1. A draft of the proposed law is presented and made available to the citizens for discussion. At least 24 hours must have passed since the thread was created in order to bring forward a motion.
4.2. A motion must be made by a citizen and requires a seconding of the motion. Only then may the Speaker accept the motion.
4.3. In the event of an objection to the motion, the process is paused until a solution is found and a second motion is made.
4.4. The Speaker creates the voting thread after a certain period has elapsed. All citizens may cast their vote regardless of when they obtained the status.
5. The Speaker will oversee all functions and rules of the Vibonian Assembly.
6. The Speaker is the final authority of the Assembly and has the power to apply discretion in situations where rules do not exist.
7. The Speaker may appoint Deputy Speakers from the Vibonian Assembly to delegate tasks to and assist them in the running of the Vibonian Assembly.
8. In an event when the office of the Speaker has been vacated, a Deputy Speaker appointed by the Speaker will take on the role of the Speaker. If no Deputy Speaker is appointed by the Speaker, the President will appoint one to take on the role of the Speaker.
9. All enactments, amendments, repeals and confirmations require a majority of votes to pass.

Section II. - The Executive Branch
1. The Executive Branch represents the Government of Vibonia and consists of the President and the Executive Cabinet.
2. The President will be the head of both state and government of Vibonia, and will hold the in-game delegate position.
3. The President will head the Executive Cabinet.
4. When a proposal is enacted, amended, or repealed by the Vibonian Assembly, it will be presented to the President for a signature. If it is signed by the President, it will come into effect immediately.
5. The President may veto any proposal within a week of its passage. The Vibonian Assembly may override a veto by a two-thirds majority vote.
6. If a proposal has not been either vetoed or signed, it will go into effect a week after its passage.
7. The President may eject and ban nations from the region when required or permitted by law.
8. The President may propose or repeal a treaty with other regions, with a two-thirds majority vote from the Vibonian Assembly.
9. The President may declare war on other regions, with a two-thirds majority vote from the Vibonian Assembly.
10. All members of the Executive Cabinet must be part of the Vibonian Assembly.
11. As part of the Executive Cabinet, the President will appoint at least two ministers to oversee ministries regarding the regionís domestic and foreign affairs, respectively.
12. The President may also appoint advisors to help them in the overseeing of the region.
13. In an event where the President cannot assume gameside delegacy, they may appoint a temporary World Assembly Representative.
14. The World Assembly Representative represents the President and acts as his extended arm gameside. Offsite, the WA Rep does not represent the President and has no further rights or duties. The LoS is not affected.
15. In the event of a temporary absence (Leave of Absense), the President appoints a temporary Acting Successor in consideration and accordance with the Line of Succession (LoS).

Section III. - The Security Branch
1. The Security Branch will consist of the Vice President, the Security Council and the Regional Security Watch.
2. The Vice President will be the second most endorsed nation in the region.
3. The Vice President will head the Security Council.
4. The Vice President is required to have a World Assembly Member Nation in Vibonia.
5. In an event when the office of the President has been vacated, the Vice President will take on the role of the President.
6. The Security Council and the Regional Security Watch will be responsible for maintaining the security of the region.
7. The Security Council will consist of selected citizens through applications, deliberated by the rest of the Security Council. Security Councilors must have a World Assembly nation residing in Vibonia and must meet endorsement and influence requirements as mandated by law.
8. In an event where there are not enough Security Councilors to deliberate on an application, the Security Council may deliberate with the Executive Cabinet, or any other body temporary or permanent with the discretion of the Vice President.
9. The line of succession of the Security Council will be arranged by current members of the Security Council.
10. In an event where the office of the Vice President has been vacated, the next member of the Security Councilís line of succession will take on the role of the Vice President.
11. If the next in the Security Councilís line of succession holds another elected office, they will be skipped over in the line of succession, unless there is no other individual in the line of succession.
12. The Regional Security Watch will be composed of three members with R/D experience who shall be appointed by the Vice President and confirmed by the Assembly, where they will serve until they retire or are dismissed.
13. The Regional Security Watch will be tasked with monitoring raider movements during and around Update times and reporting all information to the Security Council.

Article III - Elections
Hereby outlines the procedure of Elections and the Election Commission.

Section I. - The Election Commission
1. The Election Commission will consist of at least four Citizens nominated by the President at the start of a term and confirmed by the Vibonian Assembly.
2. Each election will be overseen by at least two Election Commissioners. In the event where there are not enough Election Commissioners available to oversee an election, the President will appoint additional temporary election commissioners that will serve for just the election.
3. Election Commissioners running for position in an election will be exempt for overseeing said election.

Section II. - Elections
1. Elections will occur every five months, on the first day of the fifth month of the previous term.
2. The Vibonian Assembly will elect a President, Vice President, and Speaker during the elections.
3. Any citizen that has held citizenship for more than seven days at the start of the election period is eligible to run for a position.
4. No citizen can run for, or hold, more than one position.
5. Two weeks will be given for citizens to declare their candidacy and nominate others. A nomination must be accepted for the citizen to be a candidate for the election.
6. A week will be given for citizens to vote in the elections. Citizens can also choose to abstain on voting for a position, and/or to reopen nominations.
7. The ballot will follow a preferential voting system.
8. If a candidate is voted in, they will start their term on the first day of the next month.
9. If there are no candidates for a position or if a majority votes to reopen nominations, a special election will be conducted before the end of the next month.
10. If there is a tie in a vote, second preferences will be used to determine a winner.
11. In an event when an elected office has been vacated and all options in succession have been exhausted, a special election will be conducted as soon as possible.

Article IV - The Judiciary
Hereby outlines the Legal procedures of Vibonia and the punishment for action against the law.

Section I. - The Legal Code
1. The Vibonian Assembly will serve as the arbiter of all legal cases.
2. At the Executive Cabinetís discretion, judicial cases may be delegated to a temporary selection of citizens appointed by the President.
3. Judicial cases will be divided into five periods, the Opening Session, The Evidence Submission Phase, The Witness Examination Phase, The Argumentation Phase and the Sentencing Phase.
4. The Assembly will progress through these phases, and will publish a timetable of the case for the public to view.
5. The President will be tasked with appointing a prosecutor to represent Vibonia.
6. The defendant is entitled to their own Counsel, but will have one appointed by the Assembly if they do not.
7. Any Counsel is able to request rescheduling of the timetable to allow for both sides to present their cases.
8. Either Counsel is able to challenge the decisions of the Assembly or the other Counsel, where the Assembly will provide an unbiased opinion.
9. Each individual who is elected or appointed by any of the previous sections of the Constitution must swear an oath within seven days of being elected or appointed.
10. The oath is as follows:
"I, Individual, swear that during my time serving as [Position], I will uphold the Constitution of Vibonia, the Law, and the Region. I swear that I will not act in any manner for personal gain, or in a way that violates this Constitution or the Law of Vibonia. With this oath, I hereby take up the position of [Position] and all the duties that come with it. Vivat Gloriosa Vibonia."
11. Any discussion that is held in private by the Executive Cabinet, Security Council or Speaker's Office is considered classified information and the sharing of such information without declassification is punishable by Article IV, Section II, 5.
12. The Assembly may request the declassification of information by any branch, and upon a 2/3 majority vote, said information must be provided.

Section II. - The Criminal Code
1. The following crimes are able to be levied against any citizen or resident of Vibonia, but evidence must be provided for the case to be considered.
2. High Treason, which is defined as actively taking action that would unseat the legally elected Government of Vibonia, will be punishable by ejection and ban from Vibonia and all associated offsite platforms.
3. Treason, which is defined as performing or supplying hostile action against the rightful Government of Vibonia or the rightful Governments of any allied regions, will be punishable by ejection and ban from Vibonia and all associated offsite platforms.
4. Military Treason, which is defined as having a citizen nation in a region Vibonia is at war with while being a citizen or resident of Vibonia, will be punishable by removal of citizenship and ejection from Vibonia and all associated offsite platforms.
5. Espionage, which is defined as sharing information from Vibonia or a group or region that Vibonia is allied with without the consent of those groups, will be punishable by the removal of citizenship.
6. Fraud and Deception, which is defined as willfully lying about any activity relating to the operation of an Election, a Legislative Bill, an Executive decision, providing deceptive testimony in court, lying about evidence submitted, lying about the makeup of Government or lying to harm or benefit an individual, will be punishable by a suspension of voting rights and/or citizenship for a duration decided by the Assembly depending on the severity of the crime.
7. Conspiracy, which is defined as planning, attempting, or helping to commit any crime under this criminal code, is punishable by whatever punishment is normally handed down for that crime. In the case of a conspiracy charge, the Assembly will alter the severity of the punishment to fit the involvement of the individual.
8. Gross Misconduct, which is defined as taking action that violates an individual's legally mandated sworn oath, either willfully or through negligence or by violating the rules of the regional RMB, is punishable by the suspension of voting rights for a duration the Assembly sees fit, and the removal of that individual from office or the suspension of posting rights on the RMB.
9. Violations of the regional rules set can be punished by summary banning if that individual is not a citizen of Vibonia.
10. Any punishment handed down by the Assembly or any ban instituted by a RO for violation of RMB guidelines may be appealed by the individual who faces such punishment.

ADDITIONAL ACTS OF LAW

Vibboninheimer Day Act
Officially recognising 4th August as the day Vibonia became a Frontier.
Hereby, upon passing of this act, this day shall be known as Vibboninheimer Day, and recognised as a holiday from all non-essential business. All such business shall be paused for a duration of 24 hours, resuming directly afterwards.

VDF Act
Hereby establishes the Vibonian Defence Force, a Military led by the Consul.

I. The Consul will be appointed by the President.
II. The Consul will serve as the active Commander of the VDF and as the Minister of Defence.
III. The Consul will be appointed a Gameside office.
IV. Any Citizen with mobile World Assembly membership is eligible to serve as Consul.
V. Any Citizen may apply to the VDF.
VI. The internal structure is decided by the Consul, and can fluctuate as long as a Consul is still appointed as Head.
VII. The VDF will serve primarily for the Defence of the Region, but may be called into action for any reason.
VIII. Any military operation requires approval from a Minister, any foreign operation or intervention requires approval from the President and Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Internal Emergency Act

Article I - Definition
1. Hereby defines an Internal Emergency as any situation that jeopardises the safety of the Region.
2. Hereby defines suspending Emergency Powers as an action that can be undertaken by any branch, that must provide evidence to the Citizenry that such usage of powers violates the requirements given in the respective sections III through to V.

Article II - Procedure of the Internal Emergency Act
1. Hereby grants the Assembly the power to declare an Internal Emergency by a 2/3 majority vote.
2. An Internal Emergency Vote must be motioned by the President, the Vice President or two Ministers of the Cabinet.
3. Once motioned, the vote must immediately be brought to vote by any member of the Speaker's Office.
4. Voting will last two days, and will immediately be brought to conclusion once those two days pass by any member of the Speaker's Office.

Article III - Emergency Powers of the President
1. Upon the declaration of an Internal Emergency, hereby grants the President the following Emergency Powers.
2. The ability to password the Region.
3. The ability to appoint additional Border Control powers upon Regional Officers.
4. The ability to form a War Cabinet.
5. The ability to suspend the Emergency Powers of the Security and Legislative branches should the Cabinet decide by a complete agreement that said usage of powers compromises the Government's ability to act against the Crisis.

Article IV - Emergency Powers of the Vice President and Security Council
1. Upon the declaration of an Internal Emergency, hereby grants the Vice President and Security Council the following Emergency Powers.
2. The ability to ban any citizen or resident who is involved in the Internal Emergency, upon approval from the President or War Cabinet and a majority of Security Council members.
3. The ability to suspend the Emergency Powers of the Executive and Legislative branches if the Security Council, by a 3/4 majority, determines those Powers to be used against the interest of the region.

Article V - Emergency Powers of the Assembly
1. Upon the declaration of an Internal Emergency, hereby grants the Assembly the following Emergency Powers.
2. The ability to dismiss the President, War Cabinet, Vice President or any member of the Security Council by a 3/4 majority vote.
3. The ability to dismiss any Regional Officer appointed by Emergency Powers by a 3/4 majority.
4. The ability to revoke the Emergency Powers of the Executive and Security branches of Government by a 3/4 majority if their usage is deemed unconstitutional.

Article VI - Ending an Emergency
1. Following the same procedure outlined in Section III, the Assembly may declare the end of an Internal Emergency, and will undertake the following steps.
2. All Emergency Powers granted by this Act will be revoked.
3. The War Cabinet will be dissolved.
4. The Region will have its password removed.
5. All Regional Officers granted Border Control powers by the Emergency Powers will have those powers revoked.
6. All Regional Officers appointed by Emergency Powers will be dismissed.
7. All Officials granted Emergency Powers that do not comply with the procedures outlined in Section VII will be removed from office.
8. Emergency Powers that grant the ability to suspend the Emergency Powers of other Branches does not stop an ending vote from being called.

Article VII - Special Cases
1. In the case that an election is ongoing when an Internal Emergency is declared, the Election Commission will suspend the election for the duration of the Emergency, and will immediately resume the election upon the end of said Emergency.

Article VIII - Special Emergency Powers
1. Hereby defines Special Emergency Powers as powers granted during a Zombie Apocalypse or Nuclear Armageddon.

Article IX - Zombie Apocalypse
1. Hereby grants the following Special Emergency Powers in the case of a Zombie Apocalypse.
2. The ability to password the Region.
3. The ability to appoint an Officer with Border Control powers.
4. The ability to ban Residents who endanger the Region.

Article X - Ending an Apocalypse
1. At the end of the Apocalypse, the following procedures must be taken.
2. The Region must no longer be passworded.
3. The appointed Officer must be dismissed.
4. All bans leveled during the Apocalypse must be lifted.

Article XI - Nuclear Armageddon
1. Hereby grants the following Special Emergency Powers in the case of a Nuclear Armageddon.
2. The ability to appoint a Nuclear Officer charged with Nuclear Command.
3. The ability to appoint a War Cabinet.

Article XII - Ending an Armageddon
1. At the end of the Armageddon, the following procedures must be taken.
2. The Officer must be dismissed.
3. The War Cabinet must be dissolved.

Google Docs version: LinkRegional Document II.

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