Angkatan Bersenjata Panguwasan Klatenia
Insignia of the Imperial Armed Forces
Imperial war flag and naval ensign
Tri Dharma Eka Karma
3 June 1947;
27 June 2006;
Emperor Vincentius I
Minister of War
Gen. (ret.) Mulyono
Yes, but indefinitely
US$ 1.35 Billion (2022)
Percent of GDP
The Imperial Armed Forces of Klatenia (Indonesian: Angkatan Bersenjata Panguwasan Klatenia; abbreviated as ABPK) are the unified armed forces of the Klatenian Realm. It consisted of the Army (TPK-AD), the Navy (TPK-AL), and the Air Force (TPK-AU). The Grand Regent of Klatenia, on behalf of the Emperor, is the commander-in-chief of the Klatenian Armed Forces. By 2022, it comprised approximately 553,210 military personnel, including the Imperial Marine Corps (Korps Marinir PK), a Navy branch.
Initially formed under the Provisional Defense Command for Northern Sleman (Komhandamara), the Armed Forces were established in the subsequent dissolution of the Republic of Indonesia. In its early formation, it participated in the overall security and military affairs in the northern Sleman region, undertaking several guerrilla engagements along with informal militias. As a result of this and the need to maintain internal security, the Armed forces, including the Army, Navy, and Air Force, have been organized along territorial lines to defeat internal enemies of the state and potential external invaders.
Under the 2017 Imperial Decree on Military and Security, all citizens are legally entitled and obliged to defend the nation. Conscription is provided for by law, yet the Forces have maintained mandated strength levels without resorting to a draft upon the conclusion of the Great Expansion Campaign in 2017.
The Klatenian armed forces (military) personnel does not include members of law enforcement and paramilitary personnel such as the Imperial Klatenian Police (Polpaten), consisting of approximately 590,000+ personnel, Mobile Brigade Corps (Brimob) of around 42,000+ armed personnel, and the Imperial College Students' Regiment or Resimen Mahasiswa (Menwa) which is a collegiate military service consisting 26,000 trained personnel.
Following the dissolution of the Indonesian Republic in 1997, the Komhandamara was formed out of the garrisoned Mechanic Infantry Battalion 403 as a provisional defense force in the aftermath of the anarchical period. The defense command acted as an independent institution in its early formation and only acted as a peacekeeping and security forces in defending and preventing the northern Sleman region from total anarchy. As it was formed out of the army battalion, the Komhandamara was limited to a land force. The command integration as part of the Klatenian primary military component began in mid-2004. The rapid growth of the local settlements caused potential attraction for raidings; thus, a need for a professional defense unit was called a necessity. Subsequently, a cooperative agreement was settled between the eight settlements and the Komhandamara on 16 July 2004.
In the following two-year period to 2006, the eight settlements began their first expansive endeavors to the neighboring southern region and Yogyakarta. The Joint Cooperative Army (Pasgagoro) crossed the North Ringroad demarcation zone on 17 August 2004 and began its march southward. The successes of the Komhandamara and the settlement militias in annexing the city of Yogyakarta and the Depok district culminated in the formulation of the Klatenian Federation through the Treaty of Kraton on 27 June 2006, which became the primary document for the unification of the eight settlements and the integration of the Komhandamara, the militias, and the newly captured remnants of the Republican military as the Klatenian armed force.
The young armed force immediately saw significant action since its establishment in 2006. The series of conflicts throughout 2006-2017, commonly referred to as the Wars of Unification, became one among many conflicts that the armed force partook in Klatenia's campaign to unify the Java island and, later, the Indonesian archipelago. With the establishment of the imperial government on 18 April 2012 and the ascension of Emperor Gandhi I, the name Angkatan Bersenjata Federasi Klatenia was replaced with the Angkatan Bersenjata Panguwasan Klatenia in accordance with the new state name and government. The national police, formed as a branch within the Armed Forces, was separated under the new system and integrated into the Central Office for State Security (Kapusmaneg) with the intelligence bureau (Biro IIA). On the other hand, with the rapid expansion of Klatenia in the subsequent years, the Armed Forces also gained administrative powers within the newly annexed territories of the realm. The Armed Forces also have the privilege to send their representatives to the Chamber of Commons.
After the formal conclusion of the Great Expansion Campaign through the declaration of Pax Klatenia by Grand Regent Vincentius I in 2017, the conscription policy was officially dropped indefinitely. Smaller military budgets were also ratified in reallocating towards regional development and subsidies. Nevertheless, new plans in fulfilling the minimum essential standard of military technology were recently proposed in 2019, with a series of five-year plan stages, each with a respective additional US$ 200 million budget to provide the Armed Forces' primary weapon system equipment.
The Klatenian military philosophy adopted the same doctrine as that of its older counterpart, focusing on the defense of the archipelago summarily grounded on the civilian-military defense commonly referred to as the "Total People's Defense", consisting of a three-stage war: a short initial period in which an invader would defeat a conventional Klatenian military, a long period of territorial guerrilla war followed by a final stage of expulsion, with the military acting as a rallying point for defense from grass-roots village level upwards. The doctrine relies on a close bond between villagers and soldiers to encourage the support of the entire population and enable the military to manage all war-related resources.
The civilian population would provide logistical support, intelligence, and upkeep, with some of the population trained to join the guerrilla struggle. The armed forces regularly engage in large-scale community and rural development. The "Armed Forces Enter the Village" (AMD/TMMD) program, begun in 1976, is held three times annually to organize and assist the construction and development of civilian village projects.
The current developments in Klatenia's defense policies are framed within achieving "Minimum Essential Force" or MEF by 2029. This concept of MEF was first articulated in Imperial Decree No. 6/2019 on General Policy Guidelines on State Defense Policy, which came into effect on 26 September 2019. MEF is defined as a capability-based defense and force level that can guarantee the attainment of immediate strategic defense interests, where the procurement priority is given to the improvement of minimum defense strength and/or the replacement of outdated main weapon systems/equipment. To achieve this aim, MEF has been restructured into a series of 2 strategic programs with timeframes from 2019 to 2024 and 2024 to 2029, as well as spending of up to 1.8–2% of the GDP.
The identity of the Klatenian Armed Forces is as defined by Article 2 of Imperial Act No. 34/2012 on Klatenian Armed Forces; the ABPK must aim to become the:
People's Military Forces, the armed forces whose serving personnel come from Klatenian citizens from all walks of life;
Military of Warriors, which are soldiers who fought to establish the Independent Realm of Klatenia and do not recognize surrender in carrying out and completing its duties;
Imperial Armed Forces, the Klatenian imperial armed forces who serve in the interest of the Emperor, realm, and his people and the glory of God;
Professional Armed Forces, a military force that is well-trained, well-educated, and well-equipped for the guarantee of continuous sovereignty of the realm, the glory of the Emperor, and the prosperity of his people.
The Klatenian armed forces are primarily focused on territorial commands following its expansion after 2006. It also adopted most of the military system of the Indonesian Republic. Upon the decision made in 2012, an organized central command for strategic reserve (Kostrad) was established, with its headquarters in Yogyanagaran.
The position of the commander-in-chief is mandated to the Emperor as Sovereign of Klatenia. The commander is accompanied by the Realm Minister of War and Security and the Chief of the ABPK High Command (KT-ABPK). The MoWS was made responsible for planning, acquisition, and management tasks but had no command or control of troop units. The Chief of the KT-ABPK retained command and control of all armed forces and continued by tradition to be the senior military officer in the country while being part of the cabinet.
The administrative structure of the Realm Ministry of War and Security consisted of a minister, deputy minister, secretary general, inspector general, three directorates-general, and several functional centers and institutes. The minister, deputy minister, inspector general, and three directors general were retired senior military officers; the secretary general (who acted as deputy minister) and most functional center chiefs were, as is the case today, active-duty military officers, while employees and staff were personnel of the armed forces and of the civil service.
The 2012 reorganizations significantly changed the armed forces' chain of command. The new military organization is focused on the centralization of command. Placed under the KT-ABPK were the three branch High Commands: Komando Tinggi Angkatan Darat (KT-AD), Komando Tinggi Angkatan Laut (KT-AL), and Komando Tinggi Angkatan Udara (KT-AU). The KT-ABKP serves as a joint command and coordinates all military activities. The Military Regional Command (Kodam), or area command, becomes the key subordinate organization of the KT-ABKP for strategic, tactical, and territorial operations for all services. The chain of command flowed directly from the ABPK High Command to the 10 Kodam commanders and then to subordinate army territorial commands. The former territorial commands of the air force and Navy were eliminated from the structure, with each of those services represented on the Kodam staff by a senior liaison officer. Operational commands replaced the Navy and air force territorial commands. The air force formed two Operational Commands (Ko-Ops), while the navy had its two Fleet Commands, the Western and Eastern Armadas. The air force's Imperial Air Defense Command (Kohanudwas) remained under the APBK High Command. It had an essentially defensive function that included responsibility for the early warning system.
The Klatenian Imperial Armed Forces are structured into the following organization in accordance with the 2017 Imperial Decree on Military and Security. The organization of the Klatenian Imperial Armed Forces consists of Klatenian Imperial Armed Forces General Headquarters (Mabes ABPK) based in the Combined Armed Forces Headquarters in Cilangkap, East Jayakarta, which oversees the headquarters of the three branches of the military:
Klatenian Imperial Army Headquarters (Markas Besar Tentara Panguwasan Klatenia Angkatan Darat), based in Gambir, Central Jayakarta;
Klatenian Imperial Navy Headquarters (Markas Besar Tentara Panguwasan Klatenia Angkatan Laut), based in Cilangkap, East Jayakarta; and
Klatenian Imperial Air Force Headquarters (Markas Besar Tentara Panguwasan Klatenia Angkatan Udara), also based in Cilangkap, East Jayakarta
The leadership elements of the Klatenian armed forces consist of the Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces High Command (Panglima KT-ABPK) and the Deputy Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces High Command; both positions are held by four-star Generals/Admirals/Air Marshalls appointed by and reporting directly to the Sovereign of Klatenia, who is the overall commander-in-chief of the armed forces. As of 2014, the position of deputy commander remains vacant.
Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces High Command (Panglima Komando Tinggi Angkatan Bersenjata Panguwasan Klatenia)
Deputy Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces High Command (Wakil Panglima Komando Tinggi Angkatan Bersenjata Panguwasan Klatenia)
Leadership support elements
Imperial Armed Forces General Staff (Staf Umum)
Imperial Armed Forces Inspectorate General (Inspektorat Jenderal)
Imperial Armed Forces Commander Advisory Staff (Staf Ahli Panglima)
Imperial Armed Forces Strategic Policy and General Planning Staff (Staf Kebijakan Strategis dan Perencanaan Umum)
Imperial Armed Forces Intelligence Staff (Staf Intelijen)
Imperial Armed Forces Operations Staff (Staf Operasional)
Imperial Armed Forces Personnel Staff (Staf Personil)
Imperial Armed Forces Logistics Staff (Staf Logistik)
Imperial Armed Forces Territorial Staff (Staf Teritorial)
Imperial Armed Forces Communication and Electronics Staff (Staf Komunikasi dan Elektronik)
Imperial Armed Forces Psychology Center (Pusat Psikologi)
Imperial Armed Forces Electronics and Communication Center (Pusat Komunikasi dan Elektronik)
Imperial Armed Forces Operations Control Center (Pusat Kontrol Operasi)
Imperial Armed Forces Bureaucratic Reform Center (Pusat Reformasi Birokrasi)
Imperial Armed Forces General Secretariat (Sekretariat Umum)
Imperial Armed Forces Headquarters Detachment (Detasemen Markas Besar)
Central Executive Agencies
Imperial Armed Forces Staff and Command Colleges (Sekolah Staf dan Komando ABPK/Sesko ABPK) based in Bandung, which consists of:
Imperial Army Staff and Command College, based in Bandung;
Imperial Naval Staff and Command College, based in Cipulir, South Jayakarta; and
Imperial Air Force Staff and Command College, based in Lembang, West Bandung.
Imperial Armed Forces Academy (Akademi ABPK), based in Cilangkap, consists of:
Imperial Military Academy, based in Magelang;
Imperial Naval Academy, based in Surabaya; and
Imperial Air Force Academy, based in Yogyanagaran.
Imperial Armed Forces Strategic Intelligence Agency (Badan Intelijen Strategis ABPK/ BAIS ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Education, Training and Doctrine Development Command (Komando Pembinaan Doktrin dan Latihan ABPK/ Kodiklat ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Special Operations Command (Komando Operasi Khusus/ Koopsus ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Legal Agency (Badan Pembinaan Hukum/ Babinkum ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Information Center (Pusat Penerangan ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Medical Center (Pusat Kesehatan ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Military Police Center (Pusat Polisi Militer/ Puspom ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Finance Center (Pusat Keuangan ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Peacekeeping Missions Center (Pusat Misi Pemeliharaan Perdamaian ABPK)
Imperial Armed Forces Strategic Assessment, Research, and Development Center (Pusat Pengkajian Strategis, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Logistics Agency (Badan Perbekalan/ Babek ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Mental Guidance Center (Pusat Pembinaan Mental/ Pusbintal ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Historical Heritage Center (Pusat Sejarah ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Information and Data Processing Center (Pusat Informasi dan Pengolahan Data/ Pusinfolahta ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces International Cooperation Center (Pusat Kerjasama Internasional ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Physical Fitness and Basic Military Regulation Center (Pusat Jasmani dan Peraturan Militer Dasar ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Procurement Center (Pusat Pengadaan ABPK);
Imperial Armed Forces Maritime Information Center (Pusat Informasi Maritim);
Imperial Armed Forces Permanent Garrison Commands (Komando Garnisun Tetap), which consist of:
1st Permanent Garrison/Jayakarta;
2nd Permanent Garrison/Bandung;
3rd Permanent Garrison/Surabaya.
Imperial Armed Forces Cyber Operations Unit (Satuan Siber ABPK).
Principal Operational Commands
Principal Operation Commands (Komando Utama Operasi) are the centralized ABPK forces under the command of the Imperial Armed Forces Headquarters. Some of these commands are part of the three military branches (Kostrad and Koarmada PK, armed and trained by the Imperial Army and Imperial Navy, respectively) but operationally controlled by the Imperial Armed Forces Headquarters.
Defense Territorial Joint Command (Komando Gabungan Wilayah Pertahanan / Kogabwilhan), tasked with coordinating and integrating the operational readiness of all military bases throughout Klatenia. Command held by three-star General/Admiral/Air Marshall. It consists of:
Kogabwilhan I, based in Tanjung Pinang, covering western Klatenia;
Kogabwilhan II, based Jayakarta, covering central Klatenia; and
Kogabwilhan III, based in Jayapura, covering eastern Klatenia.
Imperial Army Strategic Reserves Command (Komando Cadangan Strategis Angkatan Darat / Kostrad). Command held by a three-star General. It consists of:
1st Infantry Division, based in Yogyanagaran;
2nd Infantry Division, based in Malang;
3rd Infantry Division, based in Gowa.
Klatenian Fleet Command (Komando Armada Panguwasan Klatenia / Koarmada PK). Command held by a three-star Admiral. It consists of:
Koarmada I, based in Tanjung Uban, covering western Klatenia;
Koarmada II, based in Surabaya covering central Klatenia; and
Koarmada III, based in Sorong, covers eastern Klatenia.
Imperial Air Operations Command (Komando Operasi Udara Panguwasan / Koopsudwas). Command held by three-star Air Marshall. It consists of:
Koopsud I, based in Jayakarta, covers western Klatenia;
Koopsud II, based in Makassar covering central Klatenia; and
Koopsud III, based in Biak, covers eastern Klatenia.
Naval Hydro-Oceanographic Center (Pusat Hidro-Oseanografi TPK Angkatan Laut), based in North Jayakarta. Command held by a three-star Admiral.
Imperial Army Military Regional Commands (Komando Daerah Militer / Kodam). Command held by a two-star General. It consists of fifteen Kodams spread across Klatenia.
Imperial Army Special Forces Command (Komando Pasukan Khusus / Kopassus). Command held by two-star General.
Military Sealift Command (Komando Lintas Laut Militer / Kolinlamil). Command held by a two-star Admiral.
Imperial Marine Corps (Korps Marinir Panguwasan Klatenia / Kormar PK). Command held by a two-star Marine General. It consists of:
1st Marine Force, based in South Jayakarta;
2nd Marine Force, based in Sidoarjo;
3rd Marine Force, based in Sorong; and
4th Marine Infantry Brigade, based in Lampung.
ABPK has three service branches, the Imperial Army (TPK-AD), the Imperial Navy (TPK-AL), and the Imperial Air Force (TPK-AU). Each service branch is led by a chief of their respective high command (Chief of the Imperial Army High Command, Chief of the Imperial Navy High Command, and Chief of the Imperial Air Force High Command, respectively) who is responsible for the administration and capability development for their branch. The Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces High Command is the only military officer holding commanding authority for all the service branches under the overall authority of the Sovereign as Commander in Chief of the Forces.
The TPK-AD (Imperial Army) was the first and oldest component of the Klatenian military. Formed in 1997 out of the remnants of the Indonesian army, it began as a strategic defense command stationed in the Sleman region. It initially consisted of local militia and Republican army remnants and grew into today's regular army. The force now has up to 306,506 personnel and comprises major strong territorial army commands known as Kodam and several independent regiments, brigades, and battalions. The Imperial Army is also built up of operational commands and special forces, such as the: Kopassus and the Kostrad units, with other types of formation within the Imperial Army itself. The Imperial Army also operates aircraft under the Imperial Army Aviation Command (Komando Penerbangan Angkatan Darat). The Imperial Army operates 103 helicopters, including combat, transport, and trainer models, and eight fixed-wing aircraft. The Imperial Army also guards and patrols the land border with Papua New Guinea and the Malayan Union-Thailand border.
The TPK-AL (Imperial Navy) was first formed on 21 November 2011. The current strength of the Imperial Navy is up to 74,000 personnel. In contrast to many other nations and military traditions, the Imperial Navy uses Army-style ranks. The Imperial Navy has one centralized fleet command (Imperial Fleet Command at Jayakarta), which consists of three navy fleets which are the 1st Fleet Command (Koarmada I) based in Jayakarta Tanjung Pinang, the 2nd Fleet Command (Koarmada II) based in Surabaya and the 3rd Fleet Command (Koarmada III) based in Sorong, all three fleet forces commands holding responsibility for the defense of the three maritime and naval territorial commands. The Imperial Navy also manages aircraft and aviation systems operated by the Imperial Naval Aviation Command (Komando Penerbangan Angkatan Laut). The Navy operates 50 fixed-wing aircraft and 21 combat and transport helicopters. The Navy also includes the Imperial Marine Corps (Korps Marinir, or KorMar). It was created on 30 November 2011 and had the duties of being the main naval infantry and amphibious warfare force with quick reaction capabilities and special operations abilities.
The TPK-AU (Imperial Air Force) is headquartered in Jayakarta, Klatenia. Its order of battle is under the Imperial Air Force Operational Commands (Koopsau), consisting of three operational commands (Koopsau I, Koopsau II, and Koopsau III). Most of its airbases are located on the island of Java. The Air Force has up to 34,930 personnel equipped with 186 aircraft. The Imperial Air Force also has an air force infantry corps, Kopasgat, tasked with airbase defense, airborne troops, and special forces units.
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