Kais Al Abidine Baldemore in 1962
July 21, 1954 - January 25, 1972
Preceded by: Office Established
Succeeded by: Farrokh Daikutt
March 31, 1900,
January 25, 1972
University of Bologna
Emblem of Crossoveria
Kais Al Abidine Baldemore (March 31, 1900 - January 25, 1972) was a Crossoverian nationalist leader, revolutionary, and politician who founded the Republic of Crossoveria. He was the leading figure of the Crossoverian Revolution, and following its aftermath, became the country's first Supreme Leader, serving from 1954 until his assassination in 1972.
Born to a poor family in 1900, he attended the University of Bologna in Italy and got a degree in Law, which he practiced following his graduation. Baldemore didn't stay in the law profession for too long, as he became a fierce anti-monarchist who opposed the king. Baldemore had advocated against the feudal monarchy in Crossoveria, in which he accused the king of narcissism and ignorance of the people's needs. As a result of his open criticism of the king, he was arrested many times before eventually being exiled to what is now called the Leaf Islands (which he would later annex). Baldemore's exile made him popular among anti-monarchists and nationalists who opposed the king. While in exile, Baldemore pinned down his philosophy and political views on government in his writings, which he called Welayat il-Aman or Guardianship of the Sage, which includes elements of theocracy and unitarian rule, with the ultamite authority at the hands of a "supreme leader". Baldemore had also called for a democratic way of running Crossoveria, but due to the regime he created, whether or not he actually intended to make Crossoveria democratic continues to be debated.
After the overthrow of the kingdom in 1954 via the Crossoverian Revolution, Baldemore held a referendum to establish a republic based on his ideology, and drafted the Constitution. During his rule, he implemented a strong healthcare and education system, worked to develop the economy, and proclaimed neutrality in the Cold War. In 1957, he survived one CIA-backed coup attempt, to which he responded by declaring a three-year-long state of emergency. He also strengthened ties with anti-imperialist countries due to his hardline anti-imperialist stance, annexed the Leaf Islands (the place of his exile), and enforced conscription laws. Baldemore's regime was a repressive dictatorship, and Human Rights Watch considers Crossoveria one of the worst countries in terms of human rights. He was subject to a cult of personality and officially considered "inviolable", with Crossoverians being punished for insulting him. He was assassinated in early 1972, after years of repression by his regime.
A highly divisive figure, Baldemore remains an iconic figure in Crossoverian politics. He was praised for his hardline anti-imperialist stance, strengthening of the economy and military, having Crossoveria join the Non-Alligned Movement, and improvements of the quality of life for Crossoverians. Conversely, his detractors criticize his annexation of the Leaf Islands, denounciations of the United States, and dereognition of Israel. He was also condemned by many as a dictator who's authoritarian administration and personality cult paved to way for six decades of political repression and totalitarianism, effectively turning Crossoveria into a rouge state.
Kais Al Abidine Baldemore was born the third child of Jusif Al Abidine Baldemore and Mathilde Yukhaviz, in March 31, 1900. His ancestors were of Persio-Arab descent who immigrated to Crossoveria in the 15th Century, a time when mass migration to Crossoveria was rampant.
Baldemore's family lived in Samis-Ibun Jutsky, a rural city in the Crossoverian Province of Insisturn. Back when Baldemore was a child, Samis-Ibun Jutsky was one of the poorest towns in Crossoveria, which, according to Baldemore, "was still stuck in the middle ages even after we entered the 20th Century". His family was literate, but not like many other people who lived in their town.'
Jusif Al Abidine Baldemore was a fierce anti-monarchists who advocated against the government's corruption and disregard for humanity in Crossoveria. Back then, Crossoveria was a feudal monarchy that was rapidly modernizing urban cities, but there was none in the places Baldemore's family was. Even with the urban areas of Crossoveria modernized, poverty was rampant. Jusif himself wasn't able to move his family to Assateague for better opportunities and conditions at work, because good working conditions were impossible to find at the time of the monarchy. When Jusif and fellow anti-monarchists protested in the streets of the nearby Insisturn city Usabilti, police cracked down and had most of the protesters, including Jusif, executed for "treason". Kais was 11 at the time of his father's death. Jusif became an influence on Kais following his death.
Until the events that cost Kais his father, he recieved little formal education, so he was mostly educated at home, usually by his parents. Baldemore was fascinated by history, literature, and law, and his family, mostly his mother, would get him books borrowed from the library for him to read, specifically about these topics. By the time he was 12, he was able to enter higher education at a local school that was affordable enough for him to attend. Despite originally being homeschooled, he was considered a good student. According to Crossoverian sources, "Baldemore was the top of his class in everything and skipped two grades due to his sharp intellect". By the time he had graduated, his family's finances have gotten better, to the point where they were able to send Kais abroad in Europe to study.
Kais was sent to Italy to study at the University of Bologna School of Law, and took classes in law and history. He graduated after six years in the University, getting a bachelor's degree in law. Baldemore immediately left Italy soon afterwards to begin a career as a lawyer in Crossoveria. However, his law career didn't go as planned. All of his cases were fought in kangaroo courts. He failed to win cases for innocent clients charged with minor crimes, or major ones they haven't done. Many of his own clients were executed by the order of the courts, who were controlled by the king. Crossoverian sources claim that the reason behind the executed of Baldemore's clients was to consulidate power and make their subjects weak.
Around the time he was in the law profession, Baldemore grew evermore concerned about the conditions in Crossoveria. Poverty was still a serious problem, and the king allowed these problems to escalate further. His father had been executed by policemen for demonstrating, as were many other people who tried to resist feudal rule in the 20th Century.
The country's economic suffering dramatically increased due to the Great Depression, and Baldemore lost his job as a lawyer, a profession he had already failed miserably at. He began feeling that all the blame should be directed towards the King for his failure in handling this economic crisis. As his opposition to the king had expanded, he discovered and joined an organization called the Freedom Opposition of Crossoveria. It shared many of Baldemore's ideas, including the idea of overthrowing the monarchy. The FOC was also a very anti-imperialist and anti-western organization, as was Baldemore.
In February 1935, the King Beowulf I, implemented a tax on the people for them to give a portion of their grain to the royal family. This tax was considered unfair, as opponents saw this as a way for the king to get more rich and powerful, and the people getting the opposite. In February 19, 1935, Baldemore issued a strongly-worded declaration denouncing the Beowulf I and his tax imposed on the people for personal gain. Two days later, Beowulf I, took to denouncing the FOC, calling it a "fundamentalist organization of ideolouges". The denounciations against the royal crown continued, however.
On the night of October 24, 1937, Baldemore delievered a speech at the Public Square in Crossoveripolis, the capital of Crossoveria, denouncing the new king Beowulf II as "incompetent and narcissist", and warning him that if he did not fix the problems in Crossoveria soon, the people would be grateful of his departure from the country.
Just a day after making his speech against Beowulf II, Baldemore was placed under house arrest by the royal police. Following his arrest, major rioting and protests took place throughout Crossoveria with the death toll of around 350. Despite the protests, Baldemore remained under house arrest until December. The following year, he was arrested again by the royal police, but this time, they were assigned to force him into exile, a royal decree made by Beowulf II who had had enough of Baldemore's criticisms against him.
Kais Al Abidine Baldemore was sent into exile in an island just off the coast of the Crossoverian Province of Urikonz. It is one of the many Leaf Islands, a series of then-independent islands with inhabitants of anthro descent. He was allowed in by the villagers who lived there, some of whom were also opponents of the king's regime. It was not yet under the control of the Crossoverian government, as the king was not aware of what was going on in the Leaf Islands, nor did he bother annex them. Kais had considered the Leaf Islands a perfect place of exile.
In 1944, whilst still in exile, Baldemore began building up his own political ideology on how a government should be run, which he would apply later on should he become the leader of Crossoveria. He called it Welayat il-Aman, or Guardianship of the Sage (sage referring to himself). In it, he laid out his ideas on governance (at the time):
That a "Supreme Leader" shall head a government and have a final say in all matters
Only a single political party run by that Supreme Leader should be in power, as the presence of a multi-party state will cause unforseen problems in the future.
The government shall operate with elements of theocracy and democracy. Democracy because the people shall choose legislative representatives, and theocratic because any decision made by the legislature can be overturned by the Supreme Leader
The Supreme Leader must always protect the interests of his people, and keep his word.
In his speeches, Baldemore said that Welayat il-Aman was going to guide Crossoveria into a better and brighter future. He started to gain a cult following in the Leaf Islands, and in Crossoveria, he still had a ton of admirers who wanted to hear more from him. In March 1945, he met Farrokh Daikutt, another dissenter and member of the Freedom Opposition of Crossoveria who not partook in viewing his speeches, but was also sent into exile in the Leaf Islands. Daikutt captured recordings of Kais' speeches and announcements, which were smuggled into Crossoveria to be heard by members of the FOC. This continued until the 1950s, which many of the recordings denounced Beowulf II.
However, some recordings also denounced the United States and Israel, claiming that the USA"will act as a world policeman if given the chance". He also made recordings stating that he will secure equal rights to anthros so that it doesn't become an unforseen problem, as well as turn Crossoveria into a democracy under the principles of Welayat il-Aman.
By January 1954, the number of actions of Beowulf II's regime had already expanded the growth of the Freedom Opposition of Crossoveria, and soon members and protesters began taking to the streets. The king's men cracked down on the prostests, which expanded violently as time went by. Although several-hundred miles away from Crossoveripolis, Baldemore set the course of the revolution, urging protesters not to compromise with the regime due to their already clear atrocities. During his last few months of exile, Baldemore recieved a stream of reporters and supporters who were eager to hear the leader of the revolution.
Return to Crossoveria
On 21 June 1954, after months of violent protest, the King Beowulf II fled Crossoveria, for fear that the revolutionaries might reach the castle and hurt him and his family. He was granted asylum by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran at the time of the revolution, where he stayed for the rest of his life. Two weeks later, on Thursday, 1 July 1954, Baldemore returned in triumph to Crossoveria, reaching Crossoveria via airplane, and being welcomed by a joyous crowd of about one million people. In a speech for his return, Baldemore announced that he had no other interest to be leader other than to serve the people of Crossoveria.
As Baldemore and the FOC's movement saw a growth in momentum, the king's men began to defect to his side, for fear they might face ill fortune as declared by Baldemore. By July 11, the monarchy was in collapse, and nine days later, on 20 July 1954, a referendum was held to replace the monarchy with a governance that follows the principles of Welayat Il-Aman. It passed, with Crossoverian sources declaring that 100% of voters were in favor of the replacement.
While in exile, Baldemore promised to run his country democratically, but once in power, he advocated for the creation of a dictatorship based on the Welayat il-Aman philosophy, leading to the purged replacement of monarchists with Baldemore's associates. The following steps were taken:
Placing top figures of the Crossoverian Revolution and members of the FOC in high ranking positions in government.
Replacing the previous military and police force.
Creating a single legal party: the Independence Party.
Prosecuting any remaining person still loyal to the King.
Replacing all monarchist laws with Baldemore's ideal laws.
Baldemore and his allies worked to write a new Constitution based on the principles of Welayat il-Aman, which today the Crossoverian government is based on. This new Constitution includes the Supreme Leader, who back then served as the Head of State and Government of Crossoveria. The Constitution also includes elected legislatures who write the laws in Crossoveria, only for the Supreme Leader to make the final word on whether or not it gets passed. Baldemore himself became instituted as the country's Supreme Leader, and Farrokh Daikutt as Deputy Supreme Leader. Critics complain that he used Welayat il-Aman as an excuse to turn Crossoveria into a dictatorship.
Baldemore was an avid anti-imperialist who strongly opposed Western influence to come into his country. Immediately after the revolution, Baldemore's Crossoveria recieved as much enemies as it did alliances. Due to the Shah of Iran granting Beowulf II asylum, the government severed ties with Iran. However, Baldemore began to fiercely criticize the Shah due to the White Revolution, a series of reforms launched by Iran's monarchy resulting in aggressive modernization. Baldemore claimed that these reforms were dimishing Iranian culture in favor of American culture, and that there would be no way these reforms would fly in Crossoveria.
Baldemore was an opponent of Western interests and the United States of America. His recordings while in exile denounced the United States, calling it a "wannabe world policeman". He was also against Zionism, and announced that the government of Crossoveria would be assisting Palestine in any problems it occurs. His denounciations and announcements led to tensions between the United States/Israel and Crossoveria which continues to this day.
Baldemore's denounciation of the United States was in the midst of the Cold War, making Crossoveria popular with the Soviet Union. However, Baldemore refused to take aid from the Soviet Union, and officially declared neutrallity during the Cold War. Baldemore's neutrality policy lasted for the rest of the Cold War, and also led to a failed CIA coup attempt.
Being an anti-imperialist, Baldemore began to develop relations with the United Arab Republic, which underwent a revolution of its own two years before Crossoveria. He was also very supportive of anti-colonialist campaigns across Africa, and met with its leaders. By the 1960's the UAR and Crossoveria became strategic allies, and Baldemore aided the UAR and other nations to fight Israel during the Six-Day War, which failed. Baldemore was also a founding member of the Non-Alligned Movement, and as soon as it began, he quickly enrolled Crossoveria into the organization, making it a permanent member.
Life under Baldemore
Baldemore launched a series of policies that brought Crossoveria into the 20th Century, and set a lot of precedents for how future functioning of economics should be like. He got rid of the old feudal economic system in favor of a Socialist one, which rejected both Capitalism and Communism (he believed since Socialism is positioned between Capitalism and Communism, and that he wanted neutrality in the Cold War at all costs, a Socialist economy would be best). Under Baldemore's form of Socialism, and even today, people could open private businesses without government interference, but basic services, like healthcare and education, are provided directly or indirectly by the Crossoverian government.
The Crossoverian government invested as much in healthcare and education as they did with the military. Under Baldemore, new laws were established to make education and healthcare fully accessable to rural areas, and made sure literacy rates would rise. Under monarchic rule, these services were inaccessable at all to most rural areas. And with unemployment and poverty already being a problem, the government began to create jobs on behalf of private companies, in which employment rates began to soar. Today, due to Baldemore's successful reforms and policies, iliteracy, poverty, and unemployment has been nigh wiped out from the country.
Despite improvements on human life in Crossoveria, Baldemore ruled authoritatively and conservatively. He imposed a dress code that applied to both men and women. Men were forbidden from wearing shorts and jeans, as both were seen as images of Western influence. Women had to dress conservatively, but the law did not oblige them to wear the hijab. Alcohol, hard drugs, and the open practicing of any religion outside of Islam or Hefflism were prohibited.
Baldemore developed a cult of personality under his regime. His face was on display everywhere in Crossoveria, and statues were built to his dedication throughout the country. Crossoverian TV, which was nationalized by the order of Baldemore, regularly broadcast propaganda dedicated to him, including some statements that some saw as overexaggerated. Baldemore's cult of personality, as well as the personality cults of his successors, were compared to North Korea's with the Kim Dynasty. Baldemore later decreed that every house must have at least one television set.
Annexation of the Leaf Islands
On 17 September 1958, Baldemore issued a decree calling for the annexation of the Leaf Islands, the place of his exile. At first, this was a mostly popular move, as Baldemore recognized the cultural traditions among the residents of the Leaf Islands. However, following his death, and especially during the regime of Marie BonAztire, anthros in the Leaf Islands slowly began to lose their identity, and because they were seen as one of the citizens in Crossoveria, were subject to oppression. Today, the annexation of the Leaf Islands is seen as one of Baldemore's worst decisions.
Even when Baldemore was alive, some people saw this as a violation of the anti-imperialist morals Baldemore advocated for.
State of Emergency
In 1957, Baldemore survived one coup attempt. Because of the Soviet Union's support for Baldemore despite his neutrality, and because of his Socialist views, the CIA tried to engineer a coup against Baldemore to depose him in favor of a government more Western-friendly. However, due to Crossoveria's strong military, the coup failed. Following the coup attempt, Baldemore became more anti-Western, and banned all American products and the entirety of American culture from the country. Not only that; Baldemore officially declared a state-of-emergency a week after the coup. The state-of-emergency lasted for three years, of which the government ordered the arrests of tens of thousands of journalists and people assumed to have been American agents. A total of over 50,000 people were persecuted, arrested, and imprisoned during this three-year period. Many were tortured and/or executed.
Despite human rights violations, Baldemore championed the rights of the Anthropomorphic people, or anthro for short who lived in Crossoveria. Anthros make up 32% of Crossoveria's population, and under Baldemore's regime, they were treated fairly. On 6 March 1956, Baldemore issued a decree making discrimination against the anthro people illegal, and allowed them to access high-paying jobs and have the same value of that of humans living in Crossoveria.
Baldemore's funeral was attended by more than five million people, being one of the largest funerals in history. To prevent casualties and the destruction of his casket, Baldemore was put on an enclosed train and sent for the Baldemore Cementary, which was named prior to Baldemore's death. However, in 1977, a masoleum was built in honor of Baldemore, and Supreme Leader Farrokh Daikutt ordered the relocation of his gravesite to the masoleum. Today, Baldemore's grave is housed inside the Kais Al Abidine Baldemore Masoleum. The annaversary of Badlemore death is a public holiday, and to comemmorate him, people visit his masoleum placed at the Baldemore cementary.
Today, Kais Al Abidine Baldemore is renowned as a hero in his country, and he remains a figure of controversy to the Western world and among Crossoverians. Today, there is much debate on whether or not his ideas were compatible with democratic views and if he had intended to turn Crossoveria into a democracy. According to several Crossoverians and human rights activists, he did not. But according to current Supreme Leader Waldemar Rochester, former President Rostam Erdogan Turure, and many other government officials, Baldemore had intended to make Crossoveria democratic and did so. Baldemore himself also made a lot of statements showing both support and opposition to democracy. However, the regime he created was authoritarian, and led the path to six straight decades of state-sanctioned dictatorial rule in Crossoveria.
Baldemore strongly opposed imperialism and Zionism, as well as close ties to Eastern or Western bloc nations. He believed that Crossoveria should maintain its own, neutral bloc, instead of joining in conflict. He also saw Western culture and influence as a plaque in the world, and said that every country must maintain their own culture. The government discouraged or banned Western fasion, media, and literature under his regime. However, under Marie BonAztire's regime, restrictions on some Western media was loosened, and popular Western children's shows became popular in Crossoveria. Still, censorship remains a chronic problem in Crossoveria to this day.
Baldemore is a very controversial figure. His supporters admire his rapid improvements on the quality of life for the Crossoverian people post-revolution, nigh wiping out unemployment and poverty rates from the country. He was also a champion for anthros rights, and under his regime, Crossoveria improved technologically and militarily. Today, Crossoveria is one of the strongest militarily advanced countries in the world. However, he is widely criticized for human rights abuses, especially after his state-of-emergency engineered by a failed CIA coup attempt in 1957. Human rights remains an issue in Crossoveria, and civil liberties remain highly repressive, despite a democratic Presidential election in 2021, the first Crossoveria had seen in its history.
In 1928, he married Mamie Fudaski, the daughter of a promenent Hefflist Cleric. Together, they had five children, and their marriage was considered harmonious and happy. She died in 1993, and was given a state funeral, attended by then Supreme Leader Marie BonAztire President Fadel Hutchens. Their children were Kais Jr., Sara, Jusif, Zahra, and Habib, all of whom served in the national government. Kais Jr served as the speaker of the Crossoverian Law House for five years from 2001 to 2006. Sara and Zahra both served as the Secretaries of Education and Healthcare, serving under the presidencies of Rostam Ergodan Turure, Hefas Altkahar, and Travis Mavis. Jusif was the party leader of the Krona Party for four years, and Habib was the Ambassador to the United Nations. Kais Jr died of a heart attack in 2009. The rest of Baldemore's children are still alive.
Despite his opposition to Westernism, Baldemore's favorite sport was Golf, and regularily played it in his free time.
Baldemore had a mansion built for his residence. Today, it is called the House of Supremacy, and is where the sitting Supreme Leader lives.