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by The Western Card Czar of Giovanniland. . 560 reads.

[RP] The Kingdom of Giovanniland (version 2.0 factbook)

The Kingdom of Giovanniland
Giovannilandese: Regno de Giovannilandia
Lavandulan: Shyw-pyan Gyu-hwe-hny-lla-ynd


Flag

Motto: All hail Giovanniland, the glory of Esferos!
(GL) Todos saudan Giovannilandia, la gloria d'Esferos!
(LV) Gyu-hwe-hny-lla-ynd kyin-pwi dyn, ryk-ghaw Esh-fhaw-rysh!


Giovanniland (dark green) in Aura

Capital: Giovannistadt
Largest city: Violet Harbor

Official languages:
Giovannilandese
Common (foreign affairs and trade)
Lavandulan (extinct language used for religion only)

National language: Giovannilandese

Ethnic groups:
91.24% Giovannilandese
3.21% Auran immigrants
2.63% Andolian immigrants
1.07% Glendon-Lavandulan
0.82% native minorities

Religion:
77.31% Violetism
20.56% Atheism
2.13% others

Demonym: Giovannilandian

Government:
King: Giovanni I
Prime Minister: Amore Gil Albrecht
Minister of Interior: Agatha Uryth-Ivanov
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Edgard Albuquerque

Legislature:
Upper House: Federal Senate
Lower House: Chamber of Deputies

Total area: 137,038 km² (52,911 sq mi)
Land area: 134,088 km²
Water area: 2,950 km²
Water %: 2.15

Population: 8,915,453
Density: 65.1/km² (168.5/sq mi)

GDP (PPP): $427,941,751,687
GDP per capita: $48,000

Currency: Golden Orbs (GO$)

National Animal: Hyacinth macaw

National Religion: Violetism

Time Zone: IAT+0

Drives on the: right

Calling code: +2 16

Internet TLD: .gl

Giovanniland

Giovanniland (Giovannilandese: Giovannilandia, Lavandulan: Gyu-hwe-hny-lla-ynd), officially the Kingdom of Giovanniland (Giovannilandese: Regno de Giovannilandia), is a kingdom located in the Lavender Island in the south of Aura, a continent in the world of Esferos. Giovanniland covers 137,038 square kilometers and has a population of 8,915,453 people divided into 33 provinces and 4 special cities. The national capital is Giovannistadt, while the most populous city is Violet Harbor. Most of the country's population is part of the Giovannilandese ethnic group and speaks the language of same name, although there are significant native ethnic minorities and immigrants from Aura and Andolia.

The land that is now Giovanniland has been inhabited for several millennia, although a proper civilization only started in 3750 BF with the founding of city-states that spoke the ancient Lavandulan language, such as Quoriv, Urythburg and Vrosa. These city-states engaged in several wars and conflicts between themselves until the unification of the Lavandulan Empire in around 2500 BF, which created an era of peace that lasted until 504 BF. Several states emerged in the island following the fall of Lavandula, in a period marked with cultural and influence from The Holy Principality of Saint Mark. In 716 the Giovannilandian Empire was created and soon conquered not only the entirety of Lavender but also other territories in Aura and northern Andolia. The empire fell in 1095, the same year a peaceful revolution transitioned Giovannilandian into a parliamentary constitutional monarchy that stands today.

Giovanniland borders Blue Bubble to the west, Min-Su to the east, the Darkesian Sea on the southwest and north, and unincorporated territories to the south. The nearest countries by sea are Zoran in the north and Fhaengshia in the southwest. The nation is considered to be developed, with a national GDP of $427,941,751,687 led by Finances, Tourism and Technology, and a GDP per capita of $48,000 which is ranked highly among other nations in Esferos. Together with a national armed force composed of 167,611 personnel, these statistics turn Giovanniland into a middle power. The country is a strong trade connection between the continents of Aura and Andolia and has trade treaties with several other nations. Furthermore, it is a former ceremonial member of the Commonwealth of Saint Mark and current member of the Auran League.

Etymology

Giovanniland is named after Emperor Giovanni, the first ruler of the Giovannilandian Empire that ruled from 716 until his death in 780, whose name means "God is gracious." The way to refer to any citizen of Giovanniland is as a Giovannilandian, which should not be confused with the Giovannilandese ethnic group that composes the majority of Giovanniland's population. In ancient times, there was no specific name to what is now Giovanniland, but rather names for each independent kingdom and for the entire Lavender Island.

History

Giovannilandian history is commonly divided into five large periods: Antiquity (60th-25th centuries BF) starting with the earliest presence of humans in Lavender Island and ending after the founding of the Lavandulan Empire; the Classical Age (25th century-504 BF) ending with the fall of Lavandula; the Medieval Age (504 BF-716 AF) finishing when the Giovannilandian Empire is created; the Modern Age (716-1095) corresponding to the almost four centuries of imperial rule in Giovanniland; and the Contemporary Age (1095-present) starting with the fall of the empire and lasting to the present day.

Antiquity

Early Antiquity

The earliest archaeological registers prove that humans from the Auran mainland arrived into what is now northern Giovanniland in around 6000 BF or 7400 years ago, and that they lived a nomadic hunter-gatherer style. The oldest cave paintings in southern Giovanniland date from around a thousand years later—it is presumed that those humans arrived from the northern Andolian coasts and were the same peoples that invaded the Lavandulan Empire four millennia later. The reason for those two different groups to only have made contact near the end of the Lavandulan Era is thought to be the vast Garavand tropical rainforest and the mountain ranges in central Giovanniland, which were hard to pass with ancient technology. The hunter-gatherer lifestyle prevailed in Lavender Island until approximately 3750 BF, when the earliest known records of written Lavandulan language were created.

The Lavandulans spoke a now extinct but well researched language and built several city-states, such as Bwaryk (Lavandulan: Hwe-arh-yikh), Elysthin (Lavandulan: Ell-ysh-dyn), Quoriv (Lavandulan: Qwar-yi-hwe) Urythburg (Lavandulan: Oor-yd-hwy-rig), and Vrosa (Lavandulan: Hwe-ru-sha). They had separate governments and cultures, but were connected by trade, language, and later religion. Violetism (Lavandulan: Ghwn-ysh-thal, the cult of Ghwn-ysh i.e. Violet) appeared in Lavender Island during the 35th century BF and most city-states adopted it as their official religion throughout the following decades, with the notable exception of Elysthin. Life in these city-states was said to be interesting because their societies favored knowledge, education, and trade between each other, avoiding warfare unless really needed.

Late Antiquity

The peaceful era lasted for the first seven centuries of Lavandulan civilization, until war ensued between the atheist city-state of Elysthin and the strongly Violetist city-state of Vrosa in the 30th century BF, the two most populated cities at the time. In the end, the Vrosan army captained by King Tavalian II (Lavandulan: Shyw-dwi Dhah-hwe-lyin) conquered Elysthin and established the first empire within the modern-day borders of Giovanniland. For three centuries, the Vrosan Empire was the main power within Lavender Island. It controlled all major city-states within modern northern Giovanniland, and had a strong military. However, the Vrosan army could not expand eastwards due to its defeat in the Battle of Nixronde, and also had a failed maritime expedition to mainland Aura in which a third of the military perished. For those reasons, the empire declined and was finally conquered by the kingdoms of Quoriv and Urythburg after a religious dispute over the true birthplace of Violetism.

The winner city-states guaranteed relative peace within the Lavender Island for some 200 years, although this period was not as peaceful as before the Vrosan Empire, and the overall population and average lifespan within Lavender Island declined. For this reason, every few decades there was a new short-lived kingdom that tried to control the other city-states: first the Quoriv-Urythburg alliance, then Bwaryk, then Quoriv again, and finally Elysthin. However, none of these were as successful as the great power that would soon be created by the Urythburgian king Lavro I (Lavandulan: Shyw-hyen Lla-hwe-ru), who changed the name of his capital city to Lavenderburg (Lavandulan: Qwar-dyn-hwy-rig) and went on a conquest of all other city-states in around 2500 BF. In the act that is commonly regarded as the end of Ancient Giovanniland, Lavro I then claimed the title of Emperor and founded the Lavandulan Empire.

Classical Age

Founding of the Lavandulan Empire

The Classical Age of Giovanniland starts with the founding of the Lavandulan Empire (Lavandulan: Qwar-dyn Rin-shyw-pyan) in the 25th century BF, whose Giovannilandian name is a direct translation of the Lavandulan name. The first few emperors only ruled the area around the four big city-states Bwaryk, Elysthin, Urythburg and Vrosa, a situation that lasted for around four centuries. During this period, the empire focused on internal development of roads, buildings, and new cities such as Rimekalyn (Lavandulan: Rwen-mer-khal-wyn), now the modern capital of the Giovannilandian province of Girveana. Furthermore, the Great Tomb of Lavro I was built near Bwaryk in order to honor the first Lavandulan emperor and hide his remains, containing many hidden treasures. This rising phase of the Lavandulan Empire ended with the ascension of Emperor Vankhangir (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw Hwen-khin-gyur) in the 21st century BF, who started the expansion of Lavandula beyond its inner provinces.


The official flag of the Lavandulan Empire.

Expansion and peak

Vankhangir's conquests started in the east, the same place where the Vrosan army had failed to conquer in the Battle of Nixronde centuries earlier. After that, Vankhangir proceeded to expand to the west, in which the cities of Kharventhin (Lavandulan: Khyr-hwen-dyn) and New Uryth (Lavandulan: Gyin Oor-yd), now located in Blue Bubble, were founded. His successor Ruwibert II (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw-dwi Rul-wi-hwe-yrt) completed the eastern expansion and founded Fort Ruwibert to watch for invasions from the south. Two centuries later, Lavro IV (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw-khar Lla-hwe-ru) made the final major expansion of the Lavandulan Empire, this time to the south. He reached as far as the modern Giovannilandian province of Gogmosio, founding Fort Lavro near the southern border. Of course, this was only possible because of the empire's policy to spend many of its resources in the military in order to both expand and crush any rebellions. The Lavandulan army is estimated to have as many as 50,000 soldiers, due to the empire's compulsory military service between the ages of 18 and 30 years, and won most recorded battles against the peoples living outside the borders of Lavandula until the empire's decline.

After the three major expansions, the Lavandulans again focused on internal development, with minor skirmishes and conquests along the border. Under the realm of Emperor Girvyan II (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw-dwi Gyur-hwe-yen) the Trans-Lavandulan Road was completed, linking the capital Urythburg to New Uryth, Fort Lavro and Fort Ruwibert. Another example was the creation of the first library of Giovanniland in the 19th century BF. Despite its internal innovations, the empire had an isolationist policy and did not attempt to send maritime expeditions to the nearby mainlands of Aura and Andolia. Lavandula's maximum extension was achieved in the 16th century BF under Ruwibert III (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw-thir Rul-wi-hwe-yrt) was achieved after a conflict with eastern peoples, in which the empire conquered some lands to the south of Fort Ruwibert and briefly occupied Violet Island (Lavandulan: Ghwn-ysh Fhaw-pyin) off its eastern coast.


Peak extension of the Lavandulan Empire in the 16th century BF,
under Emperor Ruwibert III.
LinkFull version available here

Stagnation and decline

The expansion phase of the Lavandulan Empire is generally thought to have ended in the 15th century BF, after which the stagnation (15th-10th centuries BF) and decline (10th-6th centuries BF) phases happened. The stagnation phase had no major events, since the empire did not either gain or lose territory, hence few sources talk about it in detail. However, the decline phase is well documented, and most historians consider that it started with the Eastern Invasions by peoples coming from southern Giovanniland. Recent evidence shows that, due to a maritime invasion by peoples from Andolia, the southern Giovannilandians were forced to migrate east into Lavender Island and then eventually were pushed north. Even with several emperors' attempts to increase soldier recruitment and build more walls and fortresses, by the 7th century BF all territory east of Vrosa, including Nixronde and Fort Ruwibert, had been lost. This left the inner territory, with the important city-states and the empire's capital, more vulnerable to attacks. Despite that, the peoples from the east did not invade further, and chose to settle in the territory that had previously been the eastern provinces of Lavandula.

However, the effects the Eastern Invasions would have in the Lavandulan Empire's economy were far greater. Trade declined within the empire since many natural resources came from the east, and this affected life quality, further damaged by the increasing resource demands of the military in order to protect the dwindling empire. This meant the general populace struggled with maintaining their wealth, while the emperors continued living luxurious lives. In the 6th century BF, the last century Lavandula would experience, there were several uprisings against the empire. Examples are the Western Uprisings of New Uryth in 531 and Opheryk in 518, which reduced the empire's size to its initial area from two millennia earlier. The final blow to Lavandula was made by a revolt led by Girvyan Neuryanth (Lavandulan: Gyur-hwe-yen Nwir-hrey-aind), the Duke of Quoriv, who captured and killed the last emperor Lavro VIII (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw-owg Lla-hwe-ru) at his palace. The capital city Lavenderburg was razed shortly after, formally ending two millennia of Lavandulan history and dividing Lavender Island for the next twelve centuries.

Medieval Age

After the fall of Lavandula until the rise of the Giovannilandian Empire, a new age in the history of Giovanniland would start. This period of twelve centuries, called the Medieval Age, can also divided into the High and Low Medieval Ages. In the High Medieval Ages there was a setting similar to the pre-Lavandulan Empire era, with the main states being the Duchy of Quoriv, the Second Vrosan Empire, and the Kingdom of Elysthin. These three states and other smaller kingdoms battled for power among the city-states of northern Giovanniland until an event that would change the course of Giovannilandian history forever, the founding of The Holy Principality of Saint Mark in the year of 0 AF. This year is the watershed between the High and Low Medieval Ages, after which the traders from Saint Mark visited Lavender Island frequently. Even though they did not conquer the island nor replace the native Violetist religion, they successfully introduced their language to the peoples living in what is now central Giovanniland, who then founded the Kingdom of Harvonia. This language, at first called Harvonian, was later renamed into Giovannilandian and gradually replaced Lavandulan in northern Giovanniland. However, they failed to convert the southern Lavender Islanders, who founded the Confederacy of Abrant soon after being aware of the invaders. Below are descriptions of the five major Lavender Island states during this era.

The Duchy of Quoriv (Lavandulan: Qwar-yi-hwe Dhah-pyan) was the first medieval state within Giovanniland, being created after the successful revolt led by Girvyan Neuryanth that ended the Lavandulan Empire. It was a strong Violetist state, led by a duke or duchess, that lasted for the whole Medieval Age except for an interregnum of two decades. For the first 200 years of its existence, Quoriv only controlled the inner area with the five ancient city-states, but after the Battle of Kharventhin in 287 BF it also expanded westward. However, in 223 BF the duchy lost the Battle of Vrosa, which allowed the creation of the Second Vrosan Empire and soon the loss of the cities of Elysthin and Bwaryk. After decades of war and a brief Vrosan occupation from 105 to 89 BF, the coalition of Quoriv and Elysthin defeated Vrosa in 43 BF, and the empire regained its former size except for the former southern provinces, who went to the Kingdom of Elysthin. During the Low Medieval Ages, the Duchy of Quoriv accepted to trade with Saint Mark but refused to change any aspect of its culture, such as the Lavandulan language and the Violetist religion. Centuries of trade brought more riches to the empire, whose capital city reached 300,000 inhabitants by 400 AF and the total population estimates were 1.5 million people. Quoriv achieved its peak during the 6th century AF, when the Quorivian army occupied the Kingdom of Elysthin that had just fallen into a civil war, and expanded eastwards. However, its golden age ended two centuries after in 723 AF, the date of the complete annexation by the Giovannilandian Empire.

The Second Vrosan Empire (Lavandulan: Dwi-lyn Hwe-ru-sha Rin-shyw-pyan) was a powerful empire created by Emperor Tavalian (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw Dhah-hwe-lyin) on the year of 223 BF, after a successful rebellion against the Duchy of Quoriv. It was a Violetist state just like Quoriv, but more authoritarian and bellicose than its neighbor, as shown by its flag that contained two swords in a crimson red background. For the first century of its existence, the Empire's borders were limited to Vrosa and the areas near the city, but then in Emperor Anairyth's reign (Lavandulan: Rin-shyw Ynn-ahr-yd) it conquered the cities of Elysthin and Bwaryk in 135 BF and then the rest of the Duchy of Quoriv in 105 BF. However, Vrosa's glory only lasted for a few decades, because the cities of Quoriv and Elysthin soon regained independence and then won the Battle of Vrosa in 43 BF. The official end of the Second Vrosan Empire was in 29 BF, when its rump state in the eastern city of Nixronde was also conquered by the Quorivians.

The Kingdom of Elysthin (Lavandulan: Ell-ysh-dyn Shyw-pyan) was the latest of the three major medieval states in northern Giovanniland. Created only in 57 BF after the city's independence from the Second Vrosan Empire, it was composed by the cities of Bwaryk and Elysthin along with the nearby areas and divided into two almost equal halves by the Edristyn River, represented as the blue strip in the Kingdom's flag. Its first ruler was Queen Elyse (Lavandulan: Shawr Ell-ysh), while the last recognized ruler was King Quardinbert (Lavandulan: Shyw Qwar-dyn-hwe-yrt). During Elysthin's five centuries of existence its territory was stable with no major expansions or declines, and it profitted from the trade with Quoriv and, from the late 4rd century AF onwards, with the Kingdom of Harvonia that had just expanded north and surpassed the mountains in central Lavender Island, therefore being able to trade with northern Giovanniland. After King Quardinbert died, however, his sons Khergyan and Vraynlir disputed the throne, and the kingdom entered a civil war in 520 AF that brought its demise five years after. Elysthin then went back to the control of Quoriv since their neighbors wanted peace in the region, however historians speculate that the true reason was to control the Elysthin-Harvonia trade routes.

The Kingdom of Harvonia (Giovannilandian: Regno d'Arvonia), Lavandulan: Harr-hwey-ne Shyw-pyan) was established in southern Giovanniland by descendants of traders from Saint Mark, who founded the city of Markopolis in the year of 22 AF. The flag of Harvonia represented the three main geographical areas of Harvonia (ocean, coast and inner forest) and also the historical background, as the anchor alluded to the long travels that the founders of Harvonia made until arriving in Lavender Island. They soon conquered most of central Giovanniland due to the low population density in the area, even though southern Lavender Island was not conquered and soon united into the Kingdom of Abrant, an enemy of the Harvonians for centuries. The Harvonian explorers also founded important cities such as Anneville, Candaluvro and Harvonia City (modern Giovannistadt). The zenith of Harvonia would be achieved during the 39-year-long reign of King Pietro the Great, reigning from 416 to 445 AF, who managed to finally expand north of the Great Violet Range in central Giovanniland and make contact with the northern Lavender Island kingdoms by land. After that, the cultural exchanges soon brought Violetism into the kingdom and it was adopted as official religion, while the money earned from trade with other states allowed Harvonia to increase healthcare and education, rising its population to 2 million. The major issue for the Harvonians that kept them from expanding even more, however, were their Abrantian enemies to the south, who often raided border towns in Harvonia and fought two inconclusive wars. Harvonia lasted until 716 AF, when the last king, Alberto II, was deposed in a coup by the founder of the Giovannilandian Empire.

The Confederacy of Abrant was the other major state in Lavender Island, founded by descendants of the peoples who invaded the Lavandulan Empire centuries before. There are few records of these peoples' origins and the hypothetical Abrantian language remains poorly known to the present day, which makes it hard to know many details of Abrantian history. Historians usually agree that the Abrantes people had formed a loose alliance of tribes one or two centuries before, but then established a proper confederacy after knowing about the Harvonians' arrival into Lavender Island. Abrant's main cities were located outside modern Giovanniland, such as Abrentianj and Chayroth, but they also founded towns such as Narveclano that are now important Giovannilandian cities. The Abrantian flag emphasized the importance of the King for its people, although historical records about the lengths of Abrantian rulers' reigns are often imprecise. Abrant is better known for the border raids into the Harvonia and the two wars that resulted, first from 205-213 and then in 387-401, both with no major territory changes. After that, conflicts largely stopped due to the Quorivians' role in keeping Lavender Island a peaceful island. Abrant was finally conquered by Emperor Giovanni of the Giovannilandian Empire in 719.


Map of the major states in Lavender Island in 500 AF.
LinkFull version available here

Modern Age

Founding of the Giovannilandian Empire

The Modern Age of Giovanniland starts with an unexpected event that would end nearly three centuries of relative peace. In the end of 715, a general in the Harvonian Army called Giovanni started a rebellion that earned the support of the majority of the population due to increasing taxes, low security, and corruption. The rebellion went on for two months until 16th January of 716, when Giovanni invaded the palace where the last Harvonian king Alberto II resided, imprisoned the royal family, and changed the city's name to Giovannistadt. Thirty years old at the time, he went on to rule the empire for 64 years, the longest of any Giovannilandian emperor, and his rule saw the conquest of large amounts of land. His first war was against the Confederacy of Abrant, who did not survive the attack like they did twice against the Harvonians. The siege of the capital Abrentianj started in October of 718 and went on until their surrender in February of the next year. After that, the conquest of the Duchy of Quoriv was ordered by the Emperor, and soon the Giovannilandian armies passed the Great Violet Range to finally arrive in Quorivian territory. They soon conquered cities like Violetople, Bwaryk and Nixronde, but failed in the First Battle of Vrosa. This temporarily brought the conquest to a halt, but in 722 Giovanniland successfully besieged Vrosa and in 723 captured Quoriv, unseating the last duke Tavalian Ringhawry (Lavandulan: Dhah-hwe-lyin Ryk-ghaw-hryi).

With the conquest of Abrant and Quoriv, the only major opposition were the peoples of modern-day Blue Bubble to the west. Therefore, the eastern coast was conquered first in 726 and new cities like Cabo Lavanda, Nova Amorante and Montemor were built in that land soon after. The conquest of the western coast was longer and took five more years due to various peoples' resistances, but it fell to Giovanniland in 731 and new cities such as Giovannia-del-Oest and Forte Lavanda (now the largest city of Blue Bubble) were founded in this new territory. Last but not least, some minor isles off the coast of Lavender Island were also added to the Empire in 733, although no population settled in those and they would later have a better use as forts to station troops for conquests outside the mainland. The Empire then had a relative peace for two decades, until the overseas expeditions to Caranguejo Islands and Fhaengshia.


The official flag of the Giovannilandian Empire.

Colonialism and peak

The expedition to the Caranguejo Islands sailed off the ports of Giovannia-del-Sud and Cabo Lavanda in October of 750, and arrived in January the next year. There was no major opposition from the natives, and the few conflicts that happened were won by a division of the Giovannilandian army commanded by General Thomás. The town of Forte Thomás was founded on the largest island, and several forts were built on smaller isles. After that, the Colony of the Caranguejo Islands (Giovannilandian: Colonia dellas Islas Caranguejo) was created in 752 and lasted until 1078. A decade later, an expedition team sailed off Violet Harbor, this time to the southwest. They landed in northern mainland Andolia in February of 762, in the shores of what is now the Fhaengshian territory of Ahfeginsi. There was not much on the neighborhood of the place they arrived, so the team decided to travel southeast. In the winter of 762 they were stopped by the ruling monarchy of Fhaengshia, centered on the islands and peninsula on the east. General Thomás then sent a letter calling for reinforcements to Emperor Giovanni, and in October of the same year they arrived from Abrentopolis. After some naval battles near Ruike and the capital Fhaendhaw, the monarchy agreed to surrender and escaped to the jungles of modern southeast Fhaengshia, while the Giovannilandian Empire annexed all of modern Fhaengshia except the territories of Central Naegsainh, Central Saegnainh, North Shenia and South Shenia. The Colony of Fhaengshia (Giovannilandian: Colonia de Fengtchia) was established in November of 762 and lasted until 1044, marking the last expansion of the Emperor Giovanni era.

After the death of Giovanni in 780, his first son Theodoro I assumed the throne. His reign's only notable event was a failed expedition to the Auran mainland that never came back, which was the reason he was then assassinated by his own guard in 786. Giovanni's second son Lorenzo was enthroned in the same year and his reign until 803 saw technological development and the start of trade with post-Markian states such as Zoran, boosting the average citizen's income. Lorenzo I died of natural causes in 803, and then there were some reigns with no major happenings such as Lorenzo I's first son Carlos I (803-813), second son Alberto (813-821), Carlos I's son Joachim I (821-835) and daughter Clementine (835-845). However, Clementine's son Fernando had a notable reign of 40 years, during which many composers, writers and artists were born in the empire and their works financed by the government, such as the Epic of Giovanniland written by Catia de Abreu-Floryn. Furthermore, gold was found in eastern Giovanniland during his rule, which was used in the building of Violetist churches and history museums. Finally, Fernando's army established in 852 an Andolian colony in the northern coast between modern Varanius and Fhaengshia (Giovannilandian: Colonia de Andolia-del-Nord), which is not part of any modern country. The inhabitants of this piece of land did not offer major resistance, and thus the second colony in mainland Andolia was established and held for over two centuries.

After his father's death, Fernando's son Carlos II ruled from 885 to 923, and during his reign the expeditions in northern Andolia culminated in the invasion of Varanius in 902. The Giovannilandian army won some battles in the Varanian cities of Zygotia, Kynfruma and Sutef, then annexing the northern Varanian coast to found the Colony of Varanius (Giovannilandian: Colonia della Varannia). Carlos II's first son Gustavo assumed the throne in 923 and had a short rule of 4 years due to dying of a heart attack. However, Carlos II's second son Giovanni II ruled for a longer duration of 22 years (927-949) and his reign was notable for establishing the zenith of the Giovannilandian Empire's territory by expanding the Northern Andolian colony's territory deep into the mountainous forest terrain. The Varanian colony was lost after a revolt during Giovanni II's son Roberto's reign, but all other territory was maintained for the next 100 years. Giovanni II's three children Roberto, Ulysses and Amanda ruled from 949-955, 955-972, and 972-997 respectively. Ulysses' son Lorenzo II then reigned from 997 to 1041 and his rule saw great celebrations about the start of the 2nd millennium, along with continued peace within the Giovannilandian borders and a population peak of around 30 million. However, his death is generally regarded as the starting point of the Empire's decline.


Timeline of Giovannilandian expansions and conquests.
LinkFull version available here

Civil war and decline

After Lorenzo II's death in 1041, his first son Carlos III was supposed to be enthroned. However, his second son Guillermo did not agree and decided to take power by force. Guillermo also earned support of a part of the armed forces and much of the civilian population who thought Carlos III was too old to rule, while Carlos III was supported by a majority of the government due to the official line of succession. This conflict was dubbed the War of the Giovannilandian Succession, lasting from 1041 to 1046, and proved to be devastating for the Empire. The aftermath of this war was the death of both Guillermo and Carlos III; the former killed by Carlos III's army while in the city of Quoriv, and the latter killed in his Giovannistadt palace by a soldier of Guillermo's son Thomás, who commanded the revolt after his father's death. The war also resulted in the end of the Colony of Fhaengshia, since the army garrison stationed there had to assist Carlos III's army in the mainland, allowing the local monarchy to take over again. Furthermore, it is estimated that 1 million people died in modern Giovanniland and another 2 million in the rest of Lavender Island. Lorenzo II's only daughter Theresa then assumed the throne for the next 10 years after the war and took on the task of establishing peace in the empire. Even though she succeeded in pacifying the nation, it was clear that the Empire's economy and life quality was declining.

However, her son Bruno was less successful and, during Bruno's rule from 1056 to 1061, the Northern Andolian Coast colony was lost after a rebellion, meaning the end of Giovannilandian presence in mainland Andolia. A revolt in the end of his reign resulted in his assassination, and then his younger brother Theodoro II ruled from 1061 to 1075. Many historians regard Theodoro as the last successful ruler of the Giovannilandian Empire, due to a period of relative peace amid a general decline. After his rule, many short-lived reigns happened and spread more chaos within the country. Theodoro II's sole child Joachim II ruled for only four years, and was assassinated without any direct heirs after his army's loss of the Caranguejo Islands colony. After that, Emperor Bruno's son Joseph ruled for another six years until dying from pneumonia, and Joseph's brother Lorenzo III succeeded him to rule for another three until being killed in the Eastern Lavender Island revolt, an event resulting in the loss of over half of the Empire's remaining land. The final ruler of the Empire was Pietro, brother of the two previous emperors. He initially ruled over the whole western part of Lavender Island, but during his reign lost control over modern-day Blue Bubble in 1091 and the territory south of the Garavand forest in 1093. This reduced the Empire's land to the modern Giovannilandian territory, and two years later a peaceful republican revolution unseated him in the 15th of June and formally ended the Giovannilandian Empire founded almost four centuries earlier.


Major cities of the Giovannilandian Empire some decades before its fall.
LinkFull version available here

Contemporary Age

After the revolution, it was then planned for Giovanniland to become a parliamentary constitutional republic. In this nascent state, the former Emperors would be replaced with the title of King and the position of Head of State, and a Prime Minister would be the executive Head of Government. Therefore, Pietro continued on the throne but was reduced to a ceremonial role, and he ruled as such until his death in 1112. The first Prime Minister of Giovanniland was Neuryn Caetano, first elected by a transitional council and then reelected by the populace at the first election in 1101. He founded the Democratic Coalition, which is one of the two oldest political parties in Giovanniland along with the Giovannilandian Communist Party. The flag of Giovanniland was also changed, with the two crossing swords replaced by a wreath in order to represent the Kingdom's goal of solving conflicts by peaceful ways when possible. Ever since then, the national borders have stayed the same and transfers of power have always been done peacefully. The Prime Minister position switched between the Democratics and the Communists for the first few decades, but later the Theocratic Violetist Party was also founded. It was around that time that Thomás de Abreu-Floryn from the Democratic Coalition started the Industrial Revolution in 1155, marking the start of a new era for Giovanniland.

Thomás' brother Joachim continued to industrialize the nation, and following rulers after the Abreu-Floryn brothers supported this plan because it would restore the economy after the Empire's economical decline and develop technological progress. Another important policy of this era was to decrease the death rate and create better life standards for Giovannilandians, since the population of 30 million at the Empire's peak—6 million of those in Giovanniland proper—had dropped to 3.5 million in the first census made by the Kingdom in 1120. This proved to be successful, as the number of inhabitants rose to 4.5 million in 1200 and 6 a century later. After a period of isolation, Giovanniland started opening foreign relations again in the 13th century. This included a boost in foreign trade, the creation of embassies in other nations, and the registration of its two- and three-letter codes GL and GIO, along with the adoption of the IAT+0 (International Atomic Time) as the national timezone. Furthermore, relations with countries such as Blue Bubble, formerly occupied by the Empire, went from cold to warm, and this allowed the nation to sign future treaties with some nations. However, this also caused the creation of a new party with isolationist ideologies, which at times was elected and placed the development of relations to a halt. Nevertheless, at the end of the 13th century Giovanniland had official embassies in several other countries.

Financed by the increasing income from the industries, the 13th century saw major developments in infrastructure. Electricity was soon brought into the country, and a full highway network was finished in 1315 to connect the major port of Urythburg in the north, the capital of Giovannistadt in the center, and the largest city of Violet Harbor in the southwest. Furthermore, another port in Anneville was built besides the existing ones in Urythburg and Violet Harbor. However, many citizens started to worry about the negative effects of this industrialization and increasing capitalist policies in the Giovannilandian environment. This prompted the creation of the Green Social Party and a major shift to left-wing parties starting in the 14th century—all but two Prime Ministers from 1289 to 1360 were either from the Green Social or Giovannilandian Communist parties—meaning that more traditional parties such as the Democratic Coalition and the Theocratic Violetist lost importance. In this era, Giovanniland also ceremonially joined the Commonwealth of Saint Mark in 1340, which had its name changed into the Auran League 40 years later. The two non-left-wing Prime Ministers were from the Isolationist Party, and assumed the position during the 1st and 2nd Northern Wars in Polaris, meaning that Giovanniland was neutral during these conflicts. However, the Isolationist party soon ceased to exist after the end of these major conflicts and an increasingly peaceful world scenery, and its members went either to the Democratic Coalition or the Green Social Party.

The left-wing era of Giovanniland ended with the 1361 election of Prime Minister Felipe do Carmo-Loshyre from the newly founded Republican Giovanniland Party, a split of the Democratic Coalition that had recently changed from center-right to a more centrist position in order to try resurging in prominence again. Ever since then, the contemporary era of Giovannilandian politics has seen Prime Ministers of all four major political parties: Green Socials, Communists, Democratics, and Republicans. There are also two other smaller parties, the old Theocratic Violetist Party and the newly-founded far-right Patriot Party, who usually only elect a few lower-level positions in counties or cities. The modern history of Giovanniland has been mostly peaceful, with one major exception being the intervention in the Zoranian Civil War, in which Giovanniland has supported the Monarchist faction. Currently, Giovannilandian citizens enjoy a welfare state with many government-funded services and a strong GDP per capita of $48,000, showing the signs of a developed nation.


Modern borders and major cities of Giovanniland (1421) within the Lavender Island. LinkFull version available here

Geography

Giovanniland occupies a significant part of Lavender Island, an island located in the Darkesian Sea between Aura and Andolia that is generally considered as part of Aura. The country shares a land border with Blue Bubble to the west, with Min-Su to the east, and with unclaimed territories to the south. It also borders the Darkesian Sea in two different sections of coast, the northern and the southwestern, both of which contain important cities and ports. Furthermore, the nation occupies two small islands of its southwestern coast—the northern one is called Harvonian Island due to being the land in which the traders from Saint Mark first arrived 1,400 years ago—while the smaller, southern one is called Violet Island. The country lies between latitudes 10° and 20°S, and longitudes 8° and 20°E, and uses the International Atomic Time (IAT+0) as the national timezone.

Giovanniland is the 37th largest country in Esferos and 8th largest in Aura, with a total area of 137,038 km². Except for a few places, the national borders are defined by natural features. The western border is defined by two rivers, the Harvonian in the south and the Neuryanth in the north, as well as a small section in the center of the country by the Great Violet Mountain Range. The Harvonian River starts flowing south near the city of Alchemaro and debouches into the Darkesian Sea in the coastal town of Manariaus; while the Neuryanth River flows starting near the city of Urbolina and flows on the opposite direction until the city of Quoriv, where it debouches into the larger Edristyn River flowing from the east. The remaining section between Urbolina and Alchemaro is delimited by the peaks of the Great Violet Range. The larger eastern border has large straight sections unlike its western counterpart—it starts near the town of Narveclano, cuts through the middle of the Garavand rainforest, follows the Lavandula River from near the city of Oryantal until the border city of Violetburg, and finally ends with another vertical line until a point in the coast near the ancient city of Vrosa.


Left: The Harvonian River flowing in a rural area near the Giovannilandian border.
Right: The Great Violet Range.

Giovannilandian topography is diverse and includes five main topographical regions: the southwestern and northern plains, the Abrantian shrublands, the Garavand rainforest river basins, the Greater Giovannistadt highlands and the Great Violet Range mountains. These divisions have historically delimited the borders of different nations, but technology has helped to unify and coordinate them in modern times. The coastal southwestern and northern parts of the country are more densely populated, due to the fact that they are mostly plains. There is also a high population density in the highlands around the capital Giovannistadt and the provinces that surround it, while low population densities are present in the shrublands, mountainous regions, and forests. This inner, less populated part of the country also has higher altitudes and features the Garavand tropical rainforest in the southeastern part of the country, with great natural diversity.

The national climate is mainly represented by the three tropical classifications. The equatorial or tropical rainforest climate is present on the Garavand rainforest, the tropical monsoon climate appears in the northern regions, and the tropical savanna climate is registered in most other places. However, there are also a few pockets of temperate climate in central Giovanniland, especially in the Great Violet Range. Therefore, the year is divided in rainy and dry seasons in most parts of the country, commonly featuring high temperatures up to 40°C due to the country being close to the Equator. The country is far from any tectonic plate boundaries, which makes earthquakes very rare. However, the northern parts of the country are prone to hurricanes and floods, especially in the rainy season due to the monsoon climate.

Giovanniland has a relatively very rich diversity, considering its small territory. Some examples are jaguars, ocelots, tapirs, sloths, armadillos, hyacinth macaws (the national animal), flamingoes, and anacondas, many of which are only found in the Garavand rainforest. Deep into the rainforest's rivers can be also found some rare species of fish, such as the piranha and the pink dolphin. Meanwhile, the coasts near Giovanniland are home to various types of maritime life, such as large whales and sharks. Finally, the country is home to a large amount of plant species, such as rainforest trees in the southeast, coastal vegetation in the north and southwest, pines and araucarias in the mountainous regions, and small shrubs in the savanna-like Abrantian region. In order to protect this biodiversity, Giovannilandian state policy has included an extensive environmental protection program for the last 130 years. There are several designated national parks, in which sustainable tourism is allowed but no farming or mining can take place. Finally, laws regulate industries to ensure the smallest possible carbon footprint, deforestation and water pollution levels.


The Giovannilandian national animal and flower:
hyacinth macaw and violet respectively.

Government

Giovanniland is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The monarch is the ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister, elected by popular vote for a four-year term with the possibility of re-election for a second successive term, is the head of government. King Giovanni I is the reigning monarch, ruling since 1403 ever since his father King Carlos II died. Amore Gil Albrecht from the Green Social Party is the current Prime Minister after her reelection in the 1420-21 polls, while Theodoro Edryst-Orpheus was the previous holder of this position and governed the nation from 1413 to 1416. The nation has a tripartite division of the government into executive, legislative and judiciary branches, all of which are independent from each other. Members of the executive and legislative branch are elected, but judicial officials are not. Voting is compulsory for all citizens between 18 and 65 years old, and it is optional for those aged 16 to 18 or more than 65.


Photos of King Giovanni I and Amore Gil Albrecht respectively.

Branches

The executive branch of Giovanniland is formed by the Prime Minister at national level, Governors at provincial level and Mayors at county level, the two latter ones also elected for four-year terms with the same rules as the Prime Minister. All of them can form their own cabinets composed of ministers that aid in the government, usually averaging 10 to 20 ministers. The judiciary branch is based on civil law rather than common law, and its legal system is codified by the Constitution of Giovanniland, a set of laws that all other legislation and court decisions must follow. Provinces and counties have their own courts in order to decide local legal cases, but those important to the nation as a whole are brought to the Supreme Court of Giovanniland. Furthermore, there are special courts to judge on matters such as elections and military affairs. Judges and other judicial officials are appointed after passing exams organized by the government.

The legislative branch is represented by the National Congress, formed by the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate, with 500 and 100 seats respectively. Proposals can be crafted by the Chamber of Deputies and need a simple majority to pass, while any amendment needs a 2/3 majority, except Constitution ones which need 3/4 of the vote. All laws passed by the Chamber need further confirmation by the Federal Senate, with the same majority requirements. After that, the Prime Minister can sign the proposal into law or veto it. In case of a veto, it can be overruled by a 2/3 vote in both legislative houses, in which case it will also become national law. Province and county divisions have their own legislatures, but they are unicameral unlike the bicameral National Congress. Each province has a Regional Chamber with 50 members, and each county has a Councillor Chamber with 10 members. They may enact laws of their own regarding matters not covered by higher levels, with the same approval process as the national level, as long as they do not contradict national law. Members of legislatures at any level are elected by popular vote and serve four-year terms, except in the Federal Senate, in which senators serve eight-year terms.

Giovannilandian politics feature six national-level political parties. The party with the most members in both houses of the National Congress is the Green Social Party, a left-wing party with strong environmental and social policies, which is also the current Prime Minister's party. This party forms a government coalition with the Giovannilandian Communist Party, which is the second largest in both houses and has a far-left political agenda. Three parties form the opposition, namely the Republican Giovanniland Party, the Theocratic Violetist Party, and the Patriot Party, all having center-right to far-right tendencies. There is also the centrist Democratic Coalition, which often switches sides depending on what is being discussed. Most parties have equal representation throughout the country, but some have specific strongholds, such as the Theocratic Violetists in the north.

List of major Giovannilandian political parties by Senate seats

Party

Federal Senate

Chamber of Deputies

Alignment

Green Social Party (green)

48

253

Left-wing

Giovannilandian Communist Party (red)

22

119

Far-left

Republican Giovanniland Party (blue)

10

50

Center-right

Democratic Coalition (yellow)

9

53

Center

Theocratic Violetist Party (purple)

9

24

Right-wing

Patriot Party (light green)

2

10

Far-right


Composition of the Chamber of Deputies and Federal Senate respectively

Diplomacy

Giovannilandian international relations are characterized by non-interventionism, international cooperation and peaceful settlement of conflicts. The nation's diplomacy is headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, currently Edgard Albuquerque, who is also a former Prime Minister. However, the National Congress may also advise the Minister on various matters and must also approve any kind of international treaty or change to foreign policy. The nation is friendly to most countries, except for authoritarian or dictatorial regimes. Giovanniland is a member of the Auran League, and thus maintains good economic relations with most Auran countries. Trade with other continents of Esferos is also common, especially Andolia due to the proximity between Lavender Island and the Andolian continent.

Despite being a peaceful nation, Giovanniland also maintains a sizable military with a total of 167,611 personnel, which is one of the largest armed forces in the Auran continent. Compulsory service is not required, therefore a large amount of money is spent on military technology to increase the nation's strength, with $3,423,543,016 total (0.8% of GDP) and GO$384 per capita. The current iteration of the Giovannilandian Army, Navy and Air Force were created in 1247 after passage of the National Security Law. Since then, the military has not been involved in any conflict, instead participating of peacekeeping efforts and humanitarian missions abroad. However, the nation has sometimes supported certain factions in foreign civil wars, and occasionally sent funds, weapons and intelligence officers. The Giovannilandian Army has 119,679 enlisted personnel, while the Navy has 28,379 and the Air Force has 19,553. There is additionally an estimated number of 100,000 reserves, which are solely to be conscripted in the case of a foreign invasion.

Administrative divisions

Giovanniland is a kingdom divided in 33 provinces, 4 special cities. The provinces are further divided into counties, a group of nearby cities connected with each other. The four special cities are the capital Giovannistadt, the largest city of Violet Harbor, as well as the important ports of Urythburg and Anneville. There are also extra-provincial divisions, such as the six regions, which reflect the different cultures and geography of the country and serve as statistical divisions for the National Census. The regions are ranked overall in population as follows: Southwest Coast with 2,855,155, Greater Giovannistadt with 2,188,241, North Coast with 2,168,999, Mountain Region with 815,025, Abrantian Region with 740,725, and Garavand Region with 147,308. A table with the names, capitals, population, and ranking can be seen below, along with the map indicating the placement of each.

Ranking of Provinces and Special Cities by population


LinkFull version available here

Rank

Name

Number/Letter

Population

Capital

#1

Florynstaria

26

607,592

Amorante

#2

Violet Harbor

D

562,124

-

#3

Giovannistadt

A

509,523

-

#4

Aguamara

23

465,309

Candaluvro

#5

Erwaidestatia

14

449,475

Arlavonte

#6

Edristania

1

418,322

Quoriv

#7

Varevenna

17

384,576

Sonserina

#8

Athurelia

3

341,356

Vrosa

#9

Urythburg

B

316,291

-

#10

Clegouskya

15

287,513

Altadia

#11

Girveana

2

260,725

Rimekalyn

#12

Lavandalia

24

241,234

Lavenderay

#13

Anneville

C

234,816

-

#14

Borbania

21

225,329

Manariaus

#15

Ruwiberta

5

219,341

Elysthin

#16

Dezesseis

16

212,016

Giovanoria

#17

Cartagualde

13

207,235

Alchemaro

#18

Maravista

22

185,942

Markopolis

#19

Hatiandrive

29

180,627

Hatianuna

#20

Desniowana

4

179,413

Bwaryk

#21

Mangualvo

18

176,926

Portaflora

#22

Abreulina

20

174,002

Ventameno

#23

Abranterra

27

170,235

Narveclano

#24

Oryantal

19

168,212

Oryantal

#25

Gogmosio

11

164,293

Urbolina

#26

Lavroterra

9

163,275

Lavropolis

#27

Vankhangiro

6

159,990

Violetburg

#28

Ermendea

25

158,807

Serobergia

#29

Montagnaro

10

154,912

Taspeina

#30

Harvoneyo

28

146,874

Voclaria

#31

Kandraya

31

144,568

Froulyana

#32

Quardyna

8

141,421

Cadrines

#33

Neuryantho

7

132,140

Flauwana

#34

Espandiro

12

125,310

Tondefiel

#35

Farlinevero

30

98,421

Uprinopolis

#36

Nord-Garavanda

32

83,294

Bosquisal

#37

Sud-Garavanda

33

64,014

Arveredo

-

Giovanniland

-

8,915,453

Giovannistadt

Economy

Giovanniland operates under a system of state-supervised capitalism, meaning that private enterprise is allowed but heavily taxed, and large swaths of the economy are state-owned. The nation has a small but prosperous economy, with an estimated GDP PPP of $427,941,751,687, the 19th largest in Esferos and the 3rd largest in Aura. However, its value of $48,000 GDP per capita gives it a higher position on that respective ranking—7th highest in Esferos and also 3rd in Aura. The Giovannilandian economy is stable, highly advanced, and led by the Artwork Trading, Finance, Tourism and Technology sectors, backed by the strong national currency called Golden Orbs (GO$), whose conversion rate is 1 international dollar for each 0.9 Golden Orbs. The labor force, measured by taking all population between 18 and 65 years old, is estimated to be 5,699,650 according to the latest national census. The unemployment index is only 2% due to extensive welfare and social policies.

For much of its history, Giovanniland's economy relied solely on tropical agricultural goods. Farmers initially aimed to produce food for their own people, but they started to export their crops after the arrival of Saint Markian traders in exchange for manufactured goods coming from the Auran mainland as well. During the Giovannilandian Empire era, gold was found on the eastern part of the island while other minerals such as silver, copper and iron were extracted from the former land of the Confederacy of Abrant to be used for royal and religious buildings. However, the importance of agriculture and mining for external trade declined after the Industrial Revolution. Agriculture is currently estimated to contribute around 1% of GDP, generating a variety of tropical crops such as bananas, coconuts, papayas, cassava, cocoa, coffee, rice, sweet potato, and tea. Mining, the other major component of the Giovannilandian primary sector, accounts for 0.5% of the national GDP and is common in the southern regions, with an increasing search for rare-earth elements due to their uses in advanced technology. However, mines face heavy environmental regulations due to the policies of the ruling Green Social Party.

The secondary sector is represented by factories and industries, which contributes around 26.5% of the national GDP. Some examples of Giovannilandian factories are automobiles, computers and other electronics, food processing, and retail. These industry types are often concentrated in specific regions of the country, for example the food processing industry in the Abrantian region and the southern part of the Northern region, since these places house over half of the agricultural production of Giovanniland. The Mountain Region is known for its retail sector, especially due to the low temperatures colder than the national average, while automobiles are mostly produced in the provinces surrounding the capital Giovannistadt. Finally, the technological sector is present throughout the country, especially in the northern and southwestern coasts as well as in the capital. Candaluvro and Rimekalyn, capitals to the provinces of Aguamara and Girveana respectively, are often known as the capitals of this sector. They count with the nearby ports of Anneville and Urythburg, allowing for state-sponsored Giovannilandian high-tech and nanotechnology products to not only be exported and generate high revenue, but also be transported to the other regions of Giovanniland.


Left: Modern agriculture in the Abrantian region.
Right: A high-tech factory in Candaluvro.

The tertiary sector is the driving workforce behind the national economy, accounting for approximately 72% of the GDP coming from developed trade and service sectors. A notable component of the trade sector is artwork trading, in which Giovanniland owns the most valuable artwork collection in the region and some of the most popular artwork auction houses of the world. The finance sector is also very important for the Giovannilandian economy and contributes to an estimated 10% of the entire GDP. Citizens from all over Esferos use Giovannilandian banks to hold money in a very secure system, although there is a tax of 0.1% from all money deposits to the government so that it can maintain the sector, and a policy of seizing assets from criminals so that they do not use the Giovannilandian banks to hide illegal money. Some important cities for this sector are Arlavonte and Manariaus, capitals to the provinces of Erwaidestatia and Borbania respectively. Furthermore, gambling also has a small but significant presence in the tertiary sector of Giovanniland, even though citizens are educated by an early age to acknowledge the risks of participating in those games. The southern coastal cities of Violet Harbor, Amorante and Narveclano are the leading places for the gambling sector, hosting more casinos than the rest of the country combined.

The other major source of income in the Giovannilandian tertiary sector is tourism, contributing to an estimated 5% of the GDP. Eco-tourism is prominent in Giovanniland, especially in the Garavand rainforest, where citizens and foreign visitors alike can visit the natural beauty of the tropical rainforest without damaging the environment. Other famous places are the Thomás Waterfalls in the Harvonian River near the city of Ventameno, and the Lavro Peak of the Great Violet Range, which is the highest point of the country. Frequently visited historical attractions include the many history museums across the country, the Harvonian Obelisk in Markopolis that celebrates the arrival of Saint Markian traders into the island, and the Great Tomb of Lavro I, the first emperor of Lavandula. Finally, festivals such as Violetmas and Carnival also attract many tourists, as do the world-renowned restaurants in the northern and southwestern coasts that mix flavors from Auran and Andolian cultures respectively.


Left: A bank with high reputation in the city of Arlavonte.
Right: The outside of the Lavandulan History Museum of Quoriv.

Infrastructure

Due to the Giovannilandian policies of social democracy and welfare state, 48.2% of the national GDP goes to government spending, adding up to a total of $206,267,924,313, or $23,136 per capita. Most of this money goes to infrastructure, including science, technology, transport, energy, health and education. Technological and scientific research is carried in the various universities in the country, with special units on the four special cities of Giovannistadt, Urythburg, Violet Harbor and Anneville, the country's most advanced technological hubs. Furthermore, Giovannilandian high schools feature a special project called "idea incubator," in which dedicated students can start working on scientifical projects from an early age, and then contribute their ideas to the nation with the help of government subsidies once they are older. Around 90% of the Giovannilandian population has access to the internet, a fact supported by the high amount of internet and telephone towers across the country. Broadband is only inaccessible on a few isolated places, such as deep into the Garavandian rainforest or into the desolate mountains, and elsewhere Giovannilandians have a generally good connection.

In the topic of transport, Giovanniland has a strong and well connected network of railroads, highways, waterways, harbors, airports, and more. The highway system is divided into national roads, which receive an abbreviation with the two-letter code GL followed by a number; and provincial roads, whose abbreviations are similar but feature the two-letter code of the province instead. In the year of 1315 a very important project in the history of Giovannilandian highways was completed, linking the port of Violet Harbor in the south, the capital Giovannistadt in the center, and the port of Urythburg in the north. Twenty years later, all of the provincial capitals were linked to this main highway to allow better integration of people into the modern world, and all cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants were integrated by 1360. The construction of railways soon followed suit, in order to better transport goods in and out of the country, and today they have a similar integration rate that of the highway system. However, some places are still inaccessible by these conventional transport methods, like in the Garavand rainforest due to environmental regulations.

Furthermore, Giovanniland also has a network of harbors and airports for both internal and external transport. The busiest port of Giovanniland is Violet Harbor, intended for trade with any continent, however there are also continent-specific ports such as Urythburg in the north for trading with Auran countries, and Anneville in the south for trading with Andolian countries, and smaller ports that have a more internal use rather than for external trade. The country has one international airport for each special city, national airports on all provincial capitals, and smaller provincial airports in other cities. By number of passengers per year, the five busiest Giovannilandian airports are the Emperor Giovanni the Great International Airport in Giovannistadt (6 million passengers), the Violet International Airport in Urythburg (3m), the Emperor Fernando International Airport in Violet Harbor (2m), the Neuryn Caetano International Airport in Anneville (1.5m), and the Lavandula Airport in Quoriv (0.5m).


Left: A highway near the city of Sonserina.
Right: The Lavandula Airport of Quoriv.

Energy in Giovanniland is fully generated by renewable sources, such as hydroelectricity (50%), solar power (31%) and wind power (19%), and managed by the government's Ministry of Energy, who owns state companies that provide energy for all inhabitants for a small cost. The Abrantian region is the main site for the wind and solar energy generation due to the favorable tropical savanna climate that features a lot of solar irradiation and strong winds, while hydroelectricity is generated out of various rivers throughout the country. However, the ruling Green Social Party has created a goal of ending hydroelectricity use by 1450 due to its environmental disadvantages—such as loss of arable land, population displacement, and disruption of ecosystems—to which possible replacements are offshore wind farms near the Giovannilandian coasts.

Meanwhile, universal healthcare is provided to every resident of Giovanniland, and the government has a near monopoly on health services. Ever since 1380, the health infrastructure includes at least five Basic Health Units and one major hospital with advanced technology per county. The biggest hospitals are located in the provincial capitals, with an even higher concentration on the special cities and the most populous provinces. Nowadays, the national healthcare has also adopted nationwide electronic health records that both patients and doctors can access, and also a government app for mobile phones, so that patients can quickly schedule appointments. University hospitals are common, as it is fundamental that medical students have practice in order to graduate and become full workers for the healthcare system. Due to this advanced system, Giovanniland has a low infant mortality rate and high life expectancy.

Finally, education is also very important for Giovannilandian social policy. Just like the healthcare system, schools and universities are mostly state-owned, and national law mandates that county-level educational infrastructure must include at least five schools that provide classes from preschool to highschool levels, as well as one college and one university, for each county. The law also states that the full education until the end of high school is compulsory. According to the latest national census, around 440,000 children aged 1-5 are enrolled in kindergarten, 670,000 children aged 6-13 are in primary school, and another 510,000 teenagers aged 14-18 are in secondary school. Furthermore, over a million students are enrolled in various universities throughout the nation.

The students of most Giovannilandian schools have the freedom to choose their own school subjects in order to line up with what they wish to do in the future. Furthermore, they also have the option to do cultural exchanges abroad once they are 15 years old. High school and college are very competitive in the country, as students give their best to achieve better job opportunities, a claim supported by recent surveys showing that Giovannilandian students have grades above the international average on most subjects. Therefore, the country has an overall high reputation for student happiness and school procedures in Esferos, and also a high amount of bachelor's, master's and doctor's degrees.


Left: Wind farms in the province of Abranterra.
Right: The outside of a modern high school and college in Violet Harbor.

Demographics

The total population of Giovanniland was 8,915,453 in the latest census of 1420, with a density of 65.1/km² and a ratio of men to women of 0.97:1. Over 1.4 million of those live in the four largest cities of Violet Harbor, Giovannistadt, Urythburg, and Amorante, while another 6.5 million live in other cities across the country, giving Giovanniland an 88% urban rate. The population is concentrated in the coasts and the region of Greater Giovannistadt, which together contribute over 6 million of the population total. The literacy rate is 99.55% among the youth (6-18), 98.91% among adults (18-60), and 97.1% among the elderly (60+), being slightly lower in the remote provinces of the southeast but still high overall compared to other nations of Esferos.

The first ever census, made 301 years ago in 1120, registered 3.5 million inhabitants in the modern territory of Giovanniland, down from 6 million at the Giovannilandian Empire's peak due to wars and famines during its decline. This rose to 4.5 million in the census of 1200 and 6 million in 1300, with an increased pace due to the start of industrialization. In the early 14th century there was a significant growth due to the decline of the mortality and a high birth rate, and also an estimated arrival of 200,000 immigrants from various continents. In just six decades, from 1300 to 1360, there was an increase of 2 million, adding up to a total of 8 million in the end of this period of rapid growth. Ever since 1360, with the decline of the birth rate, the population growth has slowed again, but there has been a fair increase of nearly another million in the last 60 years partly due to immigration. It is expected that the Giovannilandian population will continue to grow, albeit in reduced rates, possibly achieving 10 million in the start of the next century according to census predictions.


Population pyramid of Giovanniland after the 1420 national census.

The latest national census has reported that 91.2% of the population (8,134,459 people) described themselves as Giovannilandese, the main ethnic group of the nation. There used to be a divide between Southern Giovannilandese (Harvonian) and Northern Giovannilandese (Lavandulan) during the Medieval Age and early Modern Age, but due to interracial marriages encouraged by the Giovannilandian Empire, they are both considered as members of the same ethnic group nowadays. The second largest group registered by the census are Auran immigrants, accounting for 3.21% of the population or 286,186 people, while the third largest group also has immigrant origins, but coming from Andolia instead—those number 234,476 people and equal 2.63% of the population. The two remaining groups are native to Lavender Island, one being the Glendon-Lavandulans from Blue Bubble living near the western borders, and the other being native minorities living mostly in the Abrantian and Garavand regions. The Glendon-Lavandulans comprise 1.07% of the population or 95,395 in total numbers, while the native minorities comprise 0.82% or 73,107 people.

The main language spoken is Giovannilandese, which has heavy influences from Saint Markian due to being part of the same language family. A few words keep their Lavandulan ancestry, and some others have been adapted from local indigenous languages. Common is teached as a second language in most schools and is used in foreign affairs and trade, while Glendulan—the national language of the neighbouring nation of Blue Bubble—is also taught in some schools as a third language and used as the main language of the Glendon-Lavandulan diaspora in Giovanniland. There are also some native Lavender Island languages still used by a few people in remote areas, these speakers accounting for less than 1% of the population. Furthermore, even though the Lavandulan language has no current speakers, it maintains important use for religious Violetist affairs, since many ancient texts of that religion are written in said language.

The national religion is Violetism, which is also the country's predominant faith and is adhered to by 77.31% of the population or 6,892,537 people. Violetism is a monotheist religion whose main deity is the Goddess Violet. The religion spread through northern Giovanniland in the 35th century BF, making it one of the oldest religions in Esferos, although its place of origin is disputed between the rival ancient cities of Vrosa and Quoriv. After cultural exchanges in the 5th century, it was disseminated through central and southern Giovanniland as well, which was then part of the Kingdom of Harvonia, and finally adopted as the official religion in 755 by Emperor Giovanni the Great. Meanwhile, 20.56% of the population or 1,833,017 people have no religion, with a higher concentration of those in the southwestern coasts and around the capital. Finally, another 2.13% or 189,899 people are followers of other various faiths, such as native religions from the Garavand region.

Largest cities in Giovanniland

Rank

City

Population

Province

Rank

City

Population

Province

1

Violet Harbor

562,124

-

11

Sonserina

190,221

Varevenna

2

Giovannistadt

509,523

-

12

Altadia

173,478

Clegouskya

3

Urythburg

316,291

-

13

Markopolis

156,773

Maravista

4

Amorante

285,387

Florynstaria

14

Gautchenia

147,102

Florynstaria

5

Quoriv

258,441

Edristania

15

Manariaus

135,917

Borbania

6

Anneville

234,816

-

16

Giovanoria

130,538

Dezesseis

7

Candaluvro

211,512

Aguamara

17

Elysthin

125,944

Ruwiberta

8

Vrosa

205,981

Athurelia

18

Lavenderay

118,723

Lavandalia

9

Rimekalyn

197,619

Girveana

19

Amandita

113,375

Aguamara

10

Arlavonte

192,573

Erwaidestatia

20

Alchemaro

110,589

Cartagualde

Violet Harbor

Giovannistadt

Urythburg

Amorante

Culture

The culture of Giovanniland is very rich and diverse, with influences from the ancient Lavandulan city-states, Saint Markian traders that founded Harvonia, neighbor nations such as Blue Bubble, and most recently immigrants from various continents. Regional cultures can be quite different from each other, especially due to the north-south divide by the Great Violet Range that once was the border between the Harvonian and Lavandulan cultures.

The national cuisine features pasta as its main staple food, even though dishes with seafood and tropical vegetables are also well liked by residents. Each region has its own cuisine, and contributes certain aspects to the nation. Dishes with marine food are most common in the tropical north coast, in which paella is a regional dish featuring seafood and the rice coming from the farms in the southern part of the region. Pasta comes from the Abrantian region, which makes up most of the wheat production in the country, and then this staple food gets various sauces from different parts of the country. In the mountainous region of the country, soups of various flavors are prepared so that its residents can face the coldest winter of all Giovanniland. Meanwhile, the southwestern coast features a very diverse amount of dishes, often featuring tropical fruits such as bananas and papayas, as well as vegetables like cassava and sweet potato. Finally, the recent increase of immigration has also contributed to form an even more diverse Giovannilandian cuisine. The national drink is violet tea, made from the leaves of the national flower—but coffee is also liked by many residents, especially in Greater Giovannistadt and the Mountain Region.


Left: Pasta with seafood, very common in Giovanniland.
Right: Violet tea, one of the most common drinks nationally.

Meanwhile, music in Giovanniland has a very long history. Possible instruments have been found in Lavandulan archaeological sites dating back to 3000 BF. whose music featured instruments like xylophones, claves, gongs, and bamboo flutes. Harvonian culture brought even more diversity to the island, such as the first Giovannilandian pianos, violins and lyres. Trade between the different Lavender Island states from the 5th century onwards made it possible for these instruments to be used beyond their original cultures, but it was only during the Giovannilandian Empire that composers gained greater national importance and were financed by the government. During that era, the Emperors supported creating a national musical style incorporating the various regional influences, which was named classical music. Emperor Fernando's reign from 845 to 885 was the zenith of this style, during which known composers such as Anna Johann Lavanda and Ferdinand von Violetshire created world-renowned operas and other musical pieces. Nowadays, musicians have developed styles that combines classical music from the Empire of Giovanniland's days with modern tunes, such as electronic music.

The musical styles from the Abrantian lands in the south have also gained prominence after the fall of the Empire, and they are well known due to their use in the yearly Giovannilandian Carnival, which has influence from Violetism as well as popular culture. Besides this important cultural celebration whose dates are mobile but usually fall in late February or early March, other national holidays include the New Year (January 1st), when beautiful displays of fireworks can be seen throughout the country; Empire Day (January 16th), the day in which the Giovannilandian Empire was founded in 716 by the Giovanni the Great; Kingdom Revolution Day (June 15th), the day of the peaceful creation of the Kingdom of Giovanniland in 1095; Harvonian Day (August 29th), when in 22 AF the first settlers with Saint Markian ancestry came to Lavender Island and founded the Kingdom of Harvonia; Constitution Day (October 30th), the completion date of the Kingdom of Giovanniland's first constitution in 1098; and Violetmas (December 25th), in which trees are decorated and children gain presents from the Goddess Violet herself.

Cinema was only introduced in the nation in the late 13th century, after the Giovannilandian Industrial Revolution had already been consolidated. The earliest films were all produced by the state-owned Ministry of Media in around 1290, and most of them were themed on cultural practices of Giovanniland. The industry was soon open to the heavily taxed private enterprise, which created films about a variety of topics, such as everyday life, travel, nature, and love. The tax on films was later reduced after 1360, and this contributed to reduce the price of film tickets, therefore increasing the amount of people interested on seeing them. Nowadays, science fiction and documentary films are among the favorites of Giovannilandians. The nation counts with the yearly Violet Harbor International Film Festival, the biggest in the entire country, bringing thousands of people to vote on the best film and many film produces aspiring to win the coveted prize.


Left: Carnival celebrations in Urythburg.
Right: The Violet Harbor International Film Festival.

In regards to literature, the earliest records of written Lavandulan language date to 3750 BF, although in ancient times it was often limited to the higher classes—serving not only as a communication tool for city-states, but also as a way to describe historical peoples and events such as wars. This style of literature continued into the Lavandulan Empire era, the Medieval Age, and even well after the rise of the Giovannilandian Empire. In fact, one of the most iconic works of literature is the Epic of Giovanniland, written by Catia de Abreu-Floryn in the year of 876, which summarized the whole national history of several millennia in a single book. However, poetic literature also rose in prominence during that time, and some well known poets who lived during the Empire are still celebrated to the present day, for example Arabella Cadrines-Linhares, Miriam Opheryka and Anastasio Andolino. Meanwhile, Roberto Hatyan-Silva is the most well known author of the Kingdom era due to writing many accurate descriptions of the national environment, and also using the same theme for poetry works.

In the field of visual arts, paintings have been created by Lavender Island peoples for millennia. Some of the earliest paintings were by 19th century BF Lavandulan painter Anairyth Giaverish (Lavandulan: Ynn-ahr-yd Zhar-hwe-rysh), most of them about nature and Lavandulan conquests. After the Harvonians' arrival in the island, they produced many well preserved artworks, with various themes such as expeditions, wars with native peoples, and the Harvonian landscape. The Giovannilandian Renaissance occurred during the era of the Giovannilandian Empire, during which visual artists were financed by the government just like other forms of culture. Some well known artists from this period were Theodora Ivanovich, Erasmo Ambrosio Nakamura, and Fabiano Merent-Yurral, which focused on describing life within the Empire, picturing the royal family and buildings, and painting about the Giovannilandian colonial expansion and life in the colonies. In modern times, technology has aided in creating more detailed artworks, and the industry remains generating a lot of revenue, especially due to the prominent artwork trade.

Finally, Giovannilandian culture also has a lot of influence from sports. Football is the most popular sport in the nation, while other common field sports in Giovanniland are rugby and volleyball, the latter being often played in the sandy beaches of the northern and southwestern coasts. The nation hosted the LinkII Summer Esferiad of Quoriv and Kharventhin together with Blue Bubble, topping the medal table with 26 gold, 21 silver and 22 bronze for a total of 69 medals. Another important sport for the nation is chess, which is available in many schools as an option for those who are not very skilled in physical sports. The city of Sonserina is often considered to be the national chess capital since it hosts the yearly Giovannilandian Chess Championship. Notable chess grandmasters born in Giovanniland are Adalberto Allamand, Jurandir Delchiaro, and the current national champion Guillermo Uryth-Amorim.


Left: Harvonian Arena in Giovannistadt, the home stadium of the Giovannilandian National Football Team.
Right: Photo of participants of the last Giovannilandian Chess Championship in Sonserina.

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