Remembrance of the Untriti massacre
New Light - A better future
Alaskan Broadcasting Network
Alaska, officially the Federal Technocracy of Alaska Hawaii and the Aleutes is a sovereign nation, its mainland located in the northwest of North America, bordering the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Arctic Sea to the north, Canada to the east and successor nations to the United States of America to the south.
Alaska is home to an estimated 20 million people of whom around almost 80% live in the major cities and surrounding areas. The country is a member of the United Nations, Neutral Alliance Treaty and is regarded internationally as one of the most neutral nations of the world, usually rather sending humanitarian aid and peacekeepers to allies, then troops or military equipment during internal conflicts or when other nations are aiding them as well. The country has a huge territory of 5 817 322km², but one of the lowest population densities at 3,48/km².
Most of Alaska's northern and western mainland is covered by mountains and dense taiga, it is practically uninhabited due to the freezing temperatures in that area, yet this geographical position made an excellent place for the Alaskan capital, New Tamarack, named after the Alaskan national tree and the most common tree in the area: the North American larch, the "Tamarack". Environmental laws heavily restrict the infrastructure in the northern parts, with the exception of the Great Bear Province where the capital is located.
The agricultural and oil industries are mostly located in the country's south-eastern mainland because of the ideal geography there - the Alberta and Saskatchewan plains. Over a quarter of Alaska's population lives there.
Space technology is the nation's main income, as Alaska has three space rocket stations, the Pacfic Spaceport Complex in Kodiak, the Victoria Satellite Launching Center and the Southern Alaskan Cosmodrome/SQC. The ASEA, the government's space program, is one of the most successful in the world at the moment.
Tourism is also a major industry. Many tourists visit the country for the wonderful beaches of the Southern Region and for the interesting cultural heritages of the Unangax, the Hawaiians or the Haida. However, most visits to Alaska have a business background, especially those to the Central Cascadian province.
The country is governed as a federal parliamentary semi-technocratic republic, with Chancellor Sergey Yugov as head of government and the Untriti as the nation's executive branch or "parliament". The Lower house of the legislative branch, the Alax, can't propose laws or amendments, but has a right to stop any laws from entering the next tier — the Ataqan, as the Alax is decided technocratically, therefore Alaska calls itself a "technocracy", rather than a full democracy. In all other aspects, Alaska is a very democratic nation.
Indigenous settlement of mainland Alaska dates back to 18,000 BC, when Siberians first settled the lands of North America, even though the actual date is still disputed. The tribe which made the biggest impact on the Alaskan culture, were the Qha, a semi-Polynesian, semi-Aleut-Inuit tribe which lived on the coast of the modern Alaska region. According to some older documents, the Qha were originally Hawaiians which stranded on the coast of Kodiak island, met the Alutiiq and eventually interbred. From there they first spread onto the Aleutian islands, the Alaskan mainland and modern-day Chukotka. Genetically, about 1/5 of all Alaskans have Qha genes.
Russian Establishment in Alaska and Early Colonial Era
Grigory Shelikhov, first permanent European settler of
Alaska and a mass murderer
Although the Alaskan mainland was first sighted by Danish explorer Vitus Bering and the Russian expedition he lead in 1741, it was not until 1784 when Grigory Shelikhov, a fur trader, founded Three Saints Bay colony, the first permanent European settlement, in Alaska. This lead to the eradication of many Unangax and Qha through diseases, but also just through murder from the Russian settlement. Grigory Shelikhov is known as the mass murder of Alaska, even now.
Alexandr Baranov, 1st governor of Russian Alaska
In 1790, Shelikhov returned to Russia and dispatched Aleksandr Baranov to manage his affairs in Alaska. Baranov established the Russian American Company and in 1799 was granted a monopoly over Alaska. The same year, on his way from Okhotsk, Siberia to Kodiak Island of Russian America, Baranov suffered the wreck of his ship in October on Unalaska Island, an Aleutian Island. It was almost 1000 kilometres from Kodiak. With critical help from the local indigenous Unangax/Aleut people, Baranov and his shipmates survived the winter. They continued their journey via Native sea-going boats in the spring of 1791 and reached Kodiak Island.
By 1797, Baranov's Aleut (Unangax) mistress gave birth to their son, Antipatr. He had two more mixed-race Aleut-Russian children with his mistress, also giving them Russian names: Irina and Ekaterina. After learning that his wife in Russia had died, Baranov married the Aleut woman, legitimizing their children. Baranov is considered a very important person in Alaskan history as he was one of the better known examples of Russian settlers and Natives working together. His Aleut-Russian children and further descendants would play an important role in modern Alaska.
Over time Alaska became worth less and eventually, due to the Russian Empire's almost bankruptcy, the southern coast (modern-day Johannia) was sold to Liechtenstein on December 8th 1862. The colony revolted. The natives were furious for the Russians trying to sell them. The Russians had their hands full with the Crimean war and already got quite a big sum for the southern coast wich they sold to Liechtenstein, so they led the rest of Alaska be. Nobody wanted to buy it after all.
In the late 1860s, after Canada's de facto independence from Britain in 1867, Canada had started to annex the former Russian lands bit by bit. During a french expedition to the same area, a small French settlement founded the Nome-St.Laurence colony. The native's lands were occupied by foreign powers yet again.
August 1896. Some settlers found gold in the native's land around the Klondike river and suddenly gold diggers from all over the continent moved towards the Klondike river and its sweet gold. The natives weren't happy about that and the Klondike massacres started. The natives killed the settlers, settlers killed natives, this went on for three years. The gold in the river was never completely extracted, so it stil has lots of it, but the river was put as a national heritage sight and trying to find gold there is illegal. Over 2.000 dead natives and almost 300 dead settlers, a national tragedy for modern Alaska.
The Canadian government continued mistreating the natives through terrible practices. The Canadian Indian residential school system which lasted from 1831 until 1959 (The date of Alaskan independence). This system, as harmless as it may sound, is recognized as genocide of indigenous people. The system was not only present in Alaska, but also in other (former) Canadian territories like Nunavut. The network was funded by the Canadian government's Department of Indian Affairs and administered by Christian churches, which lead to the Christian church being very criticized in Alaska to this day. The residential school system harmed Indigenous children significantly by removing them from their families, depriving them of their ancestral languages, and exposing many of them to physical and sexual abuse. Students were also subjected to forced enfranchisement as "assimilated" citizens that removed their legal identity as Indians.
Another terrible racist act by the Canadians was the Indian Act in 1876 which consolidated all existing legislation relating to First Nations into one place under the jurisdiction of the newly created Canadian federal government. It and subsequent amendments and revisions gave First Nations themselves no choice and little input. The Indian Act implemented a myriad of regulations, controls, and limits on Indigenous peoples designed to crush their way of life and it created Indian agents who administered the rules and constantly monitored reserve communities. It banned the wearing of Indigenous regalia in public. Plains people needed Indian agent permission to sell their livestock or crops, and even to come and go on their reserves. Indigenous hunting and fishing were restricted, and many traditional economic activities, such as fishing weirs, were forbidden by law.
By the 1910s, the Qha language, one of the main languages in the area, was forgotten as they were not allowed to speak or learn it. Many lost their homes or had to settle in colder places. Starvation and disease continued in the native lands, while the settlers were destroying everything around them.
During the Russian Revolution, many who did not support the Bolsheviks, fled to Alaska and founded new homes. Aleneva, which was populated only by a handful of people at the time, became one of Alaska's biggest cities in Alaska and had the largest Russian-speaking community on the North American continent at that time.
Some Japanese soldiers on Kiska island
Eventually WW2 began and the Nome-St.Laurence colony got independence, as some natives revolted against the French government. The new nation was called the Nome Confederation with its official languages of French, Aleut, Yup'ik and Inupiaq. That colony fought on the side of the Japanese in hope of regaining other native territories. Unangax, Yup'ik, Qha and others in the area were forcefully moved inland by the Canadians, so they wouldn't think of joining their brothers to the west. Many cultural heritages were left behind, the language of many tribes was already gone and now they only had the culture in their hearts and minds. Eventually, by 1942, the Japanese betrayed the Nome Confederation and annexed them.
In 1945 with the end of the war, the lands of the former Nome Confederation were made Canadian. Five years later Liechtenstein sold their colony of Johannia to Canada.
For most of its existence Alaska was controlled by the European powers or Canada, but now, that the mainland was under complete Canadian control, some natives, former Liechtensteiner colonists, Russian settlers from after the Russian Revolution and unhappy Western Canadians saw a chance in independence. They had a population advantage after the war.
8th October 1959, Alaska without some of its modern-day territories, declared independence from Canada. Other territories soon followed - Quebec, Arstotzka, but unlike them, Alaska managed to keep relatively stable and declared itself neutral in the conflict. Even after Canada fell, the Quebecois and Arstotzkans kept fighting in what is often known as the "Canadian Civil War" or sometimes as the "Arstotzkan Civil War" because the winner of the conflict was Arstotzka.
A month later, Alaska took over Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Fiji, as France and the United Kingdom were too occupied by their other colonies revolting. Why? Alaska was seeing itself as liberating those territories from the colonial powers. America saw a chance in this new economically weak, but very close to the Soviet Union located country and offered the Alaskans a deal: 30 year militarization of the Western Coast and Aleutian Islands in exchange for economic support. Marray Zeve, the chancellor at that time, accepted.
The American Project
Even though the US economically supported the nation, Alaska wasn't doing much better until the 70s. The 1964 Good Friday earthquake destroyed many buildings in Alaska proper, especially Aleneva was hit hard.
Another problem in Alaska was that many politicians were against the 30 year militarization of the western part of their country and some leftists were against the Americans completely. Marray Zeve was trying his best to keep the country together. Many social systems were built to keep the citizens happy, they couldn't risk a revolt and bring the still going on "Canadian" civil war to their land as well.
In 1971, Oil was found in the main region Alaska and the province of Alberta. The oil market was booming and Alaska was selling most of its oil to the US, therefore some leftist groups in Alaska called Alaska "America's oil field". Some cities like Aleneva, Alaska's first capital, were modernized and the life standard was rising. The area mostly funded though, was education. For many years, the education standard in Alaska was one of the lowest in the world, but with a lot of funding, it rose to the top 20.
Unrest in the relatively new nation was still a common sight. The Pacific islands weren't happy with the Alaskan occupation, so Alaska had to grant them more autonomy. Extremist-leftist groups often attacked American settlements near military bases and the Americans usually reacted with guns instead of words. Alaska didn't really have a military as the Americans had the complete responsibility of defense in Alaska and even if Alaska tried to change that, the US had a complete advantage over them in every way — Alaska was economically reliant on the US, the US wasn't reliant on Alaska though; Alaska had a small population of less than five million, the US had over 200 million; etc.
This time period is often called the "American project" because during this time Alaska was made very reliant of the US. Some speculated that it wasn't long until Alaska would be annexed by the US, yet that never happened. The reason most likely was in the general instability of the land and the possible Soviet reaction of calling the US "imperialist".
The military bases were decided to be there for 30 years, but after the 30 years past, the Americans refused to leave, as Japan became stronger. The reaction amongst the Alaskan citizens was immense and Alaska had requested the Americans to leave their land multiple times in the UN. In 1994, the US had to leave due to heavy instability in Pennsylvania. Alaska took this chance and annexed Hawaii and most American Pacific territories. The western US and New England eventually left the Union as their own respective states. Alaska decided to enforce complete political neutrality.
Change and Actuality
In 2021, with the end of political neutrality, Alaska went back into a state of instability when the Greater Qha Order killed the Untriti (parliament) and took control. A group of Vice-Governors and the Chancellor who was visiting a country at that moment, reformed the Federal Qha Republic to fight against the Order. No fighting ever occurred though and a month after the coup, both sides met in Sitka to unite Alaska again, but under a semi-technocratic regime.
An election was held where Alasien Ikiaq Struya became the new chancellor and a referendum was carried out on what the new capital will be, Edmonton, the capital of the Federal Qha Republic, won.
In November 2021, the new government announced that they were working on a new capital. This new capital was build by prisoners which voluntarily agreed to work in exchange for a good life standard instead of sitting in the prisons. Many people were unhappy about that as they had voted for Edmonton as the capital just a few months earlier. The Edmonton protests began.
Unrest was growing, as new incidents happened: the chancellor, which signed the Sitka treaty, broke it on multiple occasions; the incident of the Assembly of Masters when Alaska was revealed to be controlled by only a few high standing members of society, including the former chancellor Marray Zeve; and finally, the Mélève massacre where a few terrorists killed about a hundred people from the Mélève area in New Tamarack, the announced new capital and a high-standing government official said that those people deserved it, as they were prisoners.
All of these events lead to a new request by the citizens. They wanted a new election, a new government. They wanted change. And a group of Mélève citizens founded the Free Mélève Community Party which then united with some other smaller parties which had similar thoughts into the New Alaskan Technocracy Revolutionary Party (NATRP), the current leading party in the Untriti with 38 of 100 seats.
In January 2022 Alasien Ikiaq Struya was forced to step down, the Assembly of Masters was dissolved and a new election was held where finally, after almost a year, stability returned. Sergey Yugov won the election and with him the Alax and Ataqan structure was built. The situation of the Assembly of Masters was categorized as a crime against the nation and so, the main perpetrators were imprisoned for life.
Currently the Federal Technocracy of Alaska Hawaii and the Aleutes is trying to help the natives regain cultural documents out of different museums from all over the world and supports the preservation of their languages and culture. Alaska tries to keep overall good relations with its neighbours, but the paranoia of betrayal from the Japanese or the Canadians still has its place in the nation.
The territory of Alaska is part of North America and Oceania, made up of a total of
5 817 322km², being limited to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south and east by the Central Plains, the Taiga and the Rocky Mountains. Coast lines and borders are not counted due to paradoxes when trying to calculate them. Most of its mainland are covered by taiga and tundra, containing a some diversity of flora and fauna. The relatively small population of the nation mostly lives along the coast, near big rivers, on the islands or the Central Plains.
Alaska lies west of the Canadian Shield, with farmlands and ranching areas of the great central plains, some 1,300 km wide along the southern border and tapering to about 160 km at the mouth of the Mackenzie River. Toward the north of this section is a series of rich mining areas, and still farther north is the Mackenzie lowland, traversed by many lakes and rivers.
The western area of Alaska (sometimes considered the "central area" due to it being east of most islands), extending from western Alberta to the Pacific Ocean, includes the Rocky Mountains, a plateau region, the coastal mountain range, and an inner sea passage separating the outer island groups from the fjord-lined coast. Mt. Denali, the highest peak in Alaska and all of North America, is 6,190 metres high. The Arctic islands, shared with Canada constitute a large group extending northeast of the Alaskan mainland to within 1689 km of the North Pole, the Artsotzkan northernmost part being as close as 885 km from the North Pole. The islands vary greatly in size and topography, with mountains, plateaus, fjords, and low coastal plains.
Alaska is a very water-rich country. Numerous rivers flow into the Pacific Ocean or in the direction of the Great Lakes shared by the US and Canada, usually in a southward direction. A number of rivers in the western non-mountainous part of the country, which usally flow into the Yukon river (3,185 km), Alaska's most important river in terms of transportation between some major cities, or the Mackenzie–Slave–Peace–Finlay river(4,241 km), the second longest river in North America and the thirteenth longest river in the world.
Alaska also has an abundance of waterfalls out of which some are relatively well known; for example the largest waterfall in Alaska, the Oloʻupena Falls in Hawai'i, also the 4th highest waterfall in the world. Most of Alaska's other waterfalls, including some of the major ones, are also located on the Hawaiian islands. A lesser known waterfall, yet an interesting one, the Nugget Falls, a waterfall formed by the creek from the Nugget Glacier, droping 377 feet (115 m) in two tiers of 99 feet (30 m) and 278 feet (85 m) onto a sandbar in Mendenhall Lake, the freshwater pool at the face of the Mendenhall glacier.
Alaska has one of the most diverse climates, spaning most climate zones according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Most of the pacific islands have a little varying temperatures, the average high temperatures lying at +26 °C and the average low temperatures lying at +24 °C. The situation is completely different in the mainland. In the plains, in which the highest temperature in all Alaska was measured — +45 °C, the average high temperatures are at +19 °C and the average low temperatures at to -9°C. Cascadia, which includes major parts of the mountainous regions and the mainland Pacific coast, has average high temperatures of +13 °C and average low temperatures of -1 °C.
The coldest place in Alaska by far are the northern areas. In Yukon, the lowest temperature in Alaska was recorded — -63 °C. Most of the northern provinces have average high temperatures at +1.5 °C and average low temperatures at −6.9 °C though.
Regions of Alaska
The Federal Technocracy of Alaska Hawai'i and the Aleutes is an federal state, meaning the power is shared between a central government and individual states, provinces, etc. which are represented in the Alaska is divided into multiple administrative regions:
Every republics belongs to some "region". These regions don't have their own council, unlike all other subdivisions, yet are often named as they create a better overview of Alaska. The regions each have their own capital as the national capital is changed between the four cities every few years, as there is no constitutionally decided capital region.
The republics are the official subdivisions of Alaska and are governed by a Prime Minister, which is usually part of or sends a representative to the Ataqan, and a state council, a parliament on a lower level. The laws of Alaska apply to all republics, but the republics can make their own laws on anything else should the state council agree. The state council is build from the small Assembly which represents the provinces.
The provinces are the subdivisions of republics. They can, if requested in the State government, have up to three semi-official languages/provincial languages which will be taught in the schools of that province. Alaska currently has 46 provinces, one of which is the current "main province" — the Great Bear province, as New Tamarack, the current capital, is located there. The "secondary provinces" — the New Hebrides province, the Northern Alberta province and the Afognak province currently hold the secondary capitals.
The following is a list of all Alaskan Republics:
- Mariana (Capital: Guam)
- New Hebrides (Capital: Noumea)
- Hawai'i (Capital: Honolulu)
- Fiji (Capital: Suva)
- East Samoa (Capital: Pago Pago)
- Aleutes (Capital: Unalaska)
- Kodiak and Afognak (Capital: Aleneva)
- Northern Alaska (Capital: Nome)
- Central Alaska (Capital: Fairbanks)
- Yukon (Capital: Yellowknife)
- Northeast territories (Capital: New Tamarack)
- Alberta (Capital: Edmonton)
- Saskatchewan (Capital: Saskatoon)
- Chagos Archipelago (Capital: Diego Garcia)
- Cascadia (Capital: Vancouver)
Flora and Fauna
Alaska has over 9,000 species of plants, spread over the countless Alaskan climate zones. The most widespread regions would be the taiga, covering almost 40% of Alaska's territory, and the arctic tundra at about 32%. The tundra is also home to Alaska's national tree, the tamarack (lt.: larix laricina), and Alaska's national flower, the mountain avens (lt.: dryas octopetala). Both plants are very cold resistant, fitting to Alaska's mostly cold climate on the mainland.
There has been quite some controversy over the national status of those two plants, especially regarding Alaska's many islands which simply don't have those plants. The strong independence and autonomy movements in those areas usually take this as a reason for distancing themselves from the mainland, so there are plans on making two national trees and two national flowers.
Except for the national plants, there are also many plants used in traditional medicine or cuisine. A great example is the fireweed, the main competitor against the mountain avens' status of the national flower. The fireweed is usually put in hot water and then drunk after about thirty minutes. The origins of this tea is unknown as it could've been a native thing, considering the wide distribution of the fireweed in Alaska and especially the Aleutes, but it could've also been imported by the Russians who call that tea "Иван чай" ("Ivan Chai").
Another example for other plants in Alaska would be the aqpik, commonly known as the cloudberry. This berry is used in many Alaskan dishes and foods, like the cloudberry caramel tarts, a frequently eaten dessert.
The wildlife of Alaska is both diverse and abundant. The territory provides an important habitat for fish, mammals, birds and reptiles. There is especially a lot of bears, a great tourist magnet. Bears which mostly/only inhabit Alaskan lands include, but aren't limited to, the American black bear, the polar bear, the grizzly bear, the brown bear, the Kodiak bear and the glacier bear. The glacier bear, often called the blue bear, is the Alaskan national animal. They might only reside on the coast of the Alaskan Gulf, but are very rare and unique, in the eyes of the government, an amazing representative for Alaska.
There are also moose and caribou, bison, wolves and wolverines, foxes, otters and beavers. Fish species are extensive, including: salmon, graylings, char, rainbow and lake trout, northern pike, halibut, pollock, and burbot. The bird population consists of hundreds of species, including: bald eagles, owls, falcons, ravens, ducks, geese, swans, and the passerines. Sea lions, seals, sea otters, and migratory whales are often found close to shore and in offshore waters. The Alaskan waters are home to two species of turtles, the leatherback sea turtle and the green sea turtle.
Generally speaking, Alaska has amazing nature.
The Alaskan flag went through multiple changes over the years, the current flag having been adopted in 2022, but the Alaskan flag always had similar symbols and/or colours. On the first and second flag, Alaska used to have a diamond shape around a certain symbol. This diamond shape first evolved into a four-pointed star and after it was just four stars surrounding a lotus on the fourth flag, it reappeared on the fifth and sixth (current) flag as a compass. The current flag is only a slight recolouring of the fifth flag. The symbolism and reasons why certain elements were lost are explained in a document from the national archives in New Tamarack:
Dark blue background
The dark blue background represents multiple things. The first, most common symbolism is the night sky. The Technocracy has been obsessed with space for a long time. Even though Alaska hasn't figured out the answers to many problems with space travel yet, it strives to find a way into the deep unknown secrets of the universe. The second, a bit less common symbolism is the pacific ocean. Most of the Federal Technocracy's coasts border the pacific with the exceptions of the northern coast which borders the arctic ocean and the Chagos archipelago in the Indian ocean. So commonly it is just represented as "bodies of water". Another recognized symbolism is also has to be considered. The background is also considered to be the dark past of the nation on which it is build.
The white lines commonly represent peace and stability, but less often also the snow. About 45% of the Federal Technocracy's land is in the freezing north. As the Federal Technocracy is not the most stable at the moment, this flag is supposed to give hope of a better future.
The gold line is supposed to represent Alaska's bright future. It used to be a lilac line, but was removed because it seemed to be a symbol for the "Qha", a culture that has been eradicated decades ago by the Europeans. For a while Alaskans thought of themselves as descendants of that culture, but after another political drama where a new chancellor was brought into power, it was decided that the modern "Qha" was nothing more than the Alaskan dialect of Russian, nothing to do with the former civilization, so Alaska had no right to call itself "Qha" and therefore the lilac line had to be removed.
Golden compass and the four stars
The golden compass and the four stars surrounding it represent Federal Technocracy's far reaching territory from the arctic islands in the north to the southernmost tip of New Caledonia in the south, from the golden fields of Saskatchewan to the sandy beaches of the Chagos archipelago. But this is usually only the symbolism for the stars surrounding the compass. The compass itself was important for exploration and therefore science. As the Federal Technocracy's main priority is science, education and space exploration, the compass was considered to be a wonderful representation of that.
The lost symbol: the lotus
On most of the former flags (flags 2-4) there was a lotus present, but now it isn't. What happened? The former flag was also the flag of the Federal Republic, a pacifist, neutral state on what today is the Federal Technocracy's territory. The lotus was a symbol for peace and neutrality. The Federal Technocracy on the other hand has plans to work with others on projects it considers important - education, science, space, better represented by the compass, than by a lotus which lead many to believe the Federal Technocracy was a colony of Macau or worse, a theocracy or a monarchy.
According to the 2022 census, Alaska is home to 20.260.935 people. 12.9% of the population were children below 15, 34.7% were between 15 and 30, 28.2% were between 30 and 50, 14.3% were between 50 and 65, while 9.9% were above 65. Fertility rates are approximately 1.1 children per mother, but it has been rising with many people from the Indian subcontinent and Africa moving to Alaska in the past 10 years.
At birth, the sex ratio in Alaska is of 1.09 males per female, and stays at that number for all age brackets under 15 years old. At the age 15 to 64, it continues to stay at 1.09 males per female, but goes up at for the ages of 65 and older to 1.34 males per female. If the population is seen as a whole, there are approximately 1.12 males per female.
Origins and Ethnicity
Around half of Alaskans are descended from Russian and Liechtensteiner settlers or immigrants from Europe with 52,5% of the population being of either sole or partial European descent, with the majority of them being Russians (35,7%), followed by Liechtensteiner (14,2%) and smaller numbers of other Europeans, like French, Germans, British (mostly English or Scots), Ukrainians and Irish.
Over 40% determine themselves as North American native or Pacific islander. Even though little to no people define themselves as ethnically Qha, a Pacific islander ethnic group which has most likely intebred with the Alutiiq and later Aleut, it is known that almost a fifth of the entire Alaskan population has Qha genes. Most of the people with native origins admit to not knowing any of their culture or language. This phenomenon is explained by one of the darker times in Alaskan history - the Canadian assimilation program (usually called the "Canadian Indian residential school system" in most nations) when families were split, so that the children would only speak English.
Alaskan culture has certain characteristics of the native culture which separates it from the Japanese influenced eastern neighbour and the rather European leaning nations to the south of the mainland.
Almost 70% of the population of Alaska lives near the Pacific coast, the central plains or the islands. Most of the other area is covered by taiga and tundra. Over 80% live in the urban areas, usually in or near the following major Alaskan cities (usually considered very small in the eyes of Alaska's Asian allies): Aleneva, Vancouver, Honolulu, Suva, Guam, New Tamarack, Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Noumea, Unalaska and Nome.
Alaska has been mostly a secular state since its independence, and freedom of religion is guaranteed by the government, even though cults are forbidden due to them restricting the freedom of religion. Most part of the Alaskan population is religious, as 56,8% declared to be Yasneist, a religion based of the former Qha believes, in the 2022 census.
Around 21,7% define themselves as Atheist, amongst which almost all are Agnostic. 12,3% of the population claims to be Christian, mostly consisting of Russian old believers, and 8,0% specify themselves to be Hinduist, mostly consisting of Indians which moved here over time and Fijians. 0,2% are not sure or adhere to a different religion.
Due to Alaska's past as a Russian colony and a Canadian territory, the two most common, and also official, languages are Russian and English. Around 99% speak English while around 93% speak Russian. The third most spoken language, at around 78%, is French. This phenomenon is usually explained through Alaska's densely populated French speaking province of the New Hebrides which was partially a French colony (New Caledonia) and partially a shared colony of the French and British (Vanuatu) until 1959.
Modern Qha used to be an official language until January 2022, but was abolished due to it not being related to the original Qha language and sounding very close to Russian. It was classified as a dialect of Russian. Modern Qha is usually called "Alaskan" as it is still spoken widely amongst the population. The removal of Qha as an official language was one of the most controversial things the new government had done.
In many areas people speak other languages as well. The most widely spoken of which are considered "regional languages". These languages have a near official status. French, Hindi, Japanese, Aleutian, Hawaiian and Inuktitut are considered such languages. The native languages of the certain provinces, like Aleutian or Yup'ik, are under protection and taught in schools as a third or fourth language, yet aren't compulsory everywhere.
Literacy and education
The education in Alaska is mandatory for children between 6 and 16 years old and is completely free and open for all citizens of the country, although numerous private institutions exist. Citizens between 16 and 21 years old are encouraged to continue the free public education. Citizens' literacy levels are at around 88% and rising at an imense level. The relatively low literacy levels are explained by the high amount of people who grew up during Marray Zeve's era (the first chancellor's era, lasted from 1959 to 2021) when free education was only offered for children from 7-16 years old. Close to 100% of the country's children are enrolled in institutions that offer basic education, with a graduation level of 98%. There are no relevant distinctions between the literacy or basic graduation levels between males and females.
The school has a three-level system. The first, basic education, level is usually offered to children between 6 and 12 years old, while the second, intermediate, level is usually offered to young people between 12 and 16 years of age. The first two levels are usually in one school and are compulsory to all citizens. There is no possibility of opting out on these two levels for religious reasons. After a child turns 16 years old it can decide whether it wants to continue education or start working. These children have a possibility on continuing education again if they believe that they started working too early.
The third level of education, the advanced level, is offered to young people between 16 and 21 years (age of consent in Alaska is 21). Around 91% of the citzens in that age group take that chance, while around 97% of those graduate. Almost 85% attend the highest education level, university. To attend university, a small test is compulsory to be passed with at least 95%. Here are no real differences between men and women.
The Alaskan culture is the result of native culture having mixed with the cultures of different occupiers in history: the Russians, the Canadians, the Japanese, the Liechtensteiner and the French. From traditional Alaskan cuisine over arts to holidays, every culture has brought a piece of itself into Alaska.
Commonly used main ingredients in Alaskan dishes include crabs, salmon and shrimps. An example for a dish with crabs would be Imeqniu, a traditional soup, seen left. It usually also consists of noodles, beans, cornflower roots and putchki leaves. Imeqniu is one of Alaska's most known dishes and has spread far beyond the nation's borders, being quite popular in Canada, Russia and Japan.
Like already mentioned in the flora section, a berry used in the cloudberry caramel tarts, a popular Alaskan dessert, is the cloudberry, usually called "aqpik" in Alaska. Other common berries in Alaskan dishes include the bearberry, blueberry, cornel berry, cranberry, crowberry, heath-berry, hurtle berry, raspberry and salmonberry.
A typical Alaskan meal usually consists of three parts. The first part is the tea. Tea is one of the most commonly drunk beverages in Alaska, to no surprise, as Alaska has a great variety of interesting teas. Tea made from mountain avens or fireweed is the widely known, but tea made out of the chaga mushroom or putchki leaves are also drunk a lot in Alaska.
Beware! If someone has a buttercup while you're drinking tea with them, stop drinking that tea immediately and go to the nearest hospital! This person most likely poisoned you! In many Alaskan native cultures, especially in the Aleutian and Qha cultures, the buttercup was used to hurt an enemy by putting the juices of the plant in their tea and they would soon "'dry up' and waste away to nothing".
Art and Music
Art is very important for Alaska due to it reviving many native cultures in a way. Modern Aleut art is certainly the most common in Alaska at the moment with many Artists creating art in the Aleutian native style. Artworks usually depict animals, often with a Yasneist background. The particular artwork to the left depicts the creation myth of Alaska - the myth of the mythical loon whose body became the earth. Another common thing found on Alaskan art are Chagudax (common) or Qayaatxux (tribe leader), Aleutian hunting headgear. On the artwork to the left the mythical loon wears a Qayaatxux, representing its supperiority amongst all birds. The last common detail is the depiction of humans and animals as bound to the earth and nature, not seen on the artwork to the left due to that artwork having a slightly different religious background.
Alaskan music style is quite particular, most popular songs having no text at all and usually leaning towards genres like House or Electro. A fun fact which many Alaskans joke about is that the top 1 song in the Alaskan charts is often named after geometric shapes. In January 2022 the top 1 song was called "Hexagon", even though it had text, quite rare for Alaska, and was about most citizen's stance on one of Alaska's main Asian allies, Greater Taggart.
Songs with text are commonly in English as they have a better chance, at least according to the artists, on becoming popular outside of Alaska as well, even if most Alaskan songs which became popular outside of Alaska are in Russian. Another common type of music are modern folk songs, including everything from North American native styled songs to Germanic and Slavic modernized folk songs.