The State of Chile is a Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic in South America. It consists of 9 States, (Magalena and Chilean Antartic Territory, Aisen del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Los Lagos, Santiago, Cordoza, Estero, San Coquimbo, San Antofagasta, Poracota )
There are various theories about the origin of the word Chile. According to 17th-century Spanish chronicler Diego de Rosales, the Incas called the valley of the Aconcagua Chili by corruption of the name of a Picunche tribal chief (cacique) called Tili, who ruled the area at the time of the Incan conquest in the 15th century. Another theory points to the similarity of the valley of the Aconcagua with that of the Casma Valley in Peru, where there was a town and valley named Chili.
Other theories say Chile may derive its name from a Native American word meaning either 'ends of the earth' or 'sea gulls'; from the Mapuche word chilli, which may mean 'where the land ends'" or from the Quechua chiri, 'cold', or tchili, meaning either 'snow' or "the deepest point of the Earth". Another origin attributed to chilli is the onomatopoeic cheele-cheele—the Mapuche imitation of the warble of a bird locally known as trile.
The Spanish conquistadors heard about this name from the Incas, and the few survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition south from Peru in 1535–36 called themselves the "men of Chilli". Ultimately, Almagro is credited with the universalization of the name Chile, after naming the Mapocho valley as such. The older spelling "Chili" was in use in English until at least 1900 before switching to "Chile".
State of chile became an independant nation in 1810. When it was liberated by Juan Manuel Rasgado. Eventually, he became the first President of Chile. A Democratic System was set up just like in Venezuela. Presidents came and went until ---- where a chunk of Chile, formerly known as Rio Patagonia and now part of Argentina and Chile, broke away and formed its own Republic. They had laid claim to Southern Chile. Then President, Juan Pablo Romero, rejected those claims so war broke out. Argentina ended up helping and in return, Rio Patagonia would go partly to Chile and the rest would cease to Argentina. After that, Iker Montenegro became President and Democracy flourished again. In 1928, General Guillermo Santangel led military troops to capture Santiago. At first, the people didn't mind because they thought he was going to get rid of the unpopular President with someone popular but they were wrong. Santangel took over and ruled Chile with an iron fist until his assassination by Chilean Democrats. Civil War then broke out again. It was Dictatorship with Weapons vs Democrats that used anything they could. After intervention by the then US President, Joe Biden Sr (Joe Biden's father), the US installed a democratic system once again. Something that Chileans had not seen in more than 30 years.