The Armed Forces of the Confederate States of the Caribbean, commonly called the Confederate Military, Confederate Armed Forces or the Caribbean Armed Forces, is the combined military forces of the Confederate States of the Caribbean. It consists of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard. The President of the Confederacy is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces and forms military policy with the Department of Defense.
From its inception upon the establishment of the Caribbean Confederation, the Confederate Military has played a decisive role in its history. It was responsible for the greater part of the Confederacy's expansion during the Golden Circle Era at which time it was the most important institution in the country, though its prestige was heavily diminished during the Caribbean Civil War at which point its professionally-trained personnel were defeated repeatedly by ex-slaves and mostly-inexperienced rebels. It nonetheless played a critical role in the Dutch-Caribbean War, keeping the independence and sovereignty of the Confederacy intact and pushing the Dutch out of the Caribbean in perpetuity. The National Security Act, adopted following the Constitutional Revolution in 1944, created the modern Confederate military framework. The Act established the Department of Defense by merging the cabinet-level Departments of the Army and the Navy and formed the Confederate Air Force.
Although conscription has been used in the past, it has not been used since the enactment of the National Security Act in 1944. The Caribbean military budget was $1.36 billion in 2019, the fourth largest of all states bordering the Caribbean, beaten only by the CSA, Colombia, Mexico and Texas. The Confederate Military is designed primarily to defend the territories and territorial waters of the Confederacy, the lives and interests of its private citizens. As such, its land force is considerably smaller than that of most comparable militaries while high importance is given to amphibious and airborne warfare -which is a necessity for any island country surrounded for the most part by island nations or those it lacks a land border with. The Confederate Military has been present in a number of military engagements in its history, the greatest number being military interventions in the Caribbean, Central and South America -as well as a much smaller number in Africa and Asia.
Personnel by Service
Women in the Armed Forces
Awards and Honours
Distinguished Service Order
Federal Service Medals
The history of Confederate military dates back to the American Civil War (1861-78). Though it did not exist as an independent polity, the Confederate Army of Cuba and the Confederate Caribbean Fleet, both in service to the Confederate States' Army, would become the two oldest branches of the Caribbean Military after its independence. Upon the independence of Cuba from the Confederacy in 1881, the new government established both the Cuban Army and the Cuban Navy in its Ordinance of Secession, and as such 10 December 1881 can be seen as the founding day of the Confederate Armed Forces. The third branch of the military, the Confederate Marines, was founded on 19 June 1883 and in preparation for the Cuban-Haitian War.
The Confederate military fought Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Costa Rica during the Golden Circle Era (1883-1897), finding victory with minimal losses in combat in each of these conflicts, but then it was thoroughly humiliated in the Caribbean Civil War (1897-1902) when a popular host of ex-slaves and untrained rebels, with the backing of tens of thousands of volunteers abroad, decisively defeated the professional military. The Confederacy fought in the first defensive war in its history after the Caribbean War ended in the Dutch-Caribbean War. The Dutch, hoping to capture and colonise Cuba and Hispaniola -or more possibly to secure concessions from the relatively weaker Western state- invaded the Caribbean Confederation in 1906. After a series of defeats in Porto Rico, the Virgin Islands and western Hispaniola, the Confederate army successfully held off the Dutch in the Battle of Hispaniola while the Dutch warships deployed to the Caribbean Sea were defeated in the Battle of Haiti in July 1908 and Confederate Marine then quickly captured all Dutch territories in the Caribbean and besieged Dutch Suriname. Fearing a joint front made by American states to aid the Caribbean, the Dutch sued for peace, surrendering their possessions in the region.
While its participation in the Second World War was limited only to naval support and commerce raiding in the Atlantic Sea, the Confederate Military played a major role in the decolonisation of the Caribbean and Africa during the post-war era. Many Confederate citizens fought as volunteers for the Indochinese rebels during their war for independence under the promise of being given land in an independent Indochina, and when the new government tried to expel these new immigrants and impose harsh economic and civil laws on its populace, the Caribbean government entered the ensuing Civil War on the side of the Liberal National Front, a conflict that would go on for 19 years (1963-82). The Confederacy also fought in the Liberian Civil War on the side of the Buchanan Clique in 1968, beginning the longest military engagement the Confederacy has ever fought in. Apart from these two major conflicts, the Confederacy intervened in Jamaica, Grenada, the Bahamas, Venezuela, Nicaragua and Honduras as well 19 other states in the Caribbean, Africa, Europe and Asia.
The modern Confederate military is not engaged in any military conflict, though its navy serves in PATO Anti-Piracy missions in the Caribbean Sea while its marines and army perform routine operations against criminal cartels in various places in Latin America.
The Confederate Armed Forces are led by the president of the Confederation, who the constitution names as the "Commander-in-Chief of all combat forces in Service of the Confederate States of the Caribbean". The Confederate Military is under the civilian control of the Department of Defense, which serves as the primary cabinet department for military affairs and homeland security.
The military chain of command flows from the president to the Secretary of Defense, ensuring civilian control of the military. Within the Department of Defense the military departments -Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, Department of the Air Force, and the Bureau of Maritime Security- are civilian-led entities that oversee the coequal military service branches organised within. The military department and services are responsible for organising, training and equipping forces.
The Caribbean General Staff, although outside the operational chain of command, is the senior-most military body of the Confederate Armed Forces. It is led by the Chairman of the General Staff, who is the military head of the armed forces and principal advisor to the president and secretary of defence for military purposes. Other members of the general staff include the chief of staff of the Army, commandant of the Marine Corps, chief of naval operations, chief of staff of the air force and the commandant of the Coast Guard. Leadership of the Armed Forces, to include the Confederate President, secretary of defense and Chairman of the General Staff are members of the Security Council of the Confederate States, which advises the president on national security, military and foreign policy matters.
The Confederate Armed Forces is comprised of five coequal military service branches, all organised by the Department of Defense's military departments. These branches are as followed:
Tasked with ensuring the security of the Confederacy's land territory and to prosecute land warfare against its enemies, the core competencies of the Army are to conduct:
Prompt and sustained land combat
Combined armed operations
Combined arms maneuver and wide area security
armored and mechanised operations
Airborne and air assault operations
The Confederate Army is composed of the Regular Army, the Confederate Army Reserve and the National Guard. It has a personnel number of 120,000 and has the following field structure:
Field Armies: Consisting of four divisions and made of 24,000. They are commanded by a General and are in charge of defending the three larger states of the Confederation. Current active Field Armies include Army of Cuba, Army of Hispaniola and Army of Costa Rica.
Division: Consisting of five regiments and made of 6,000 soldiers. They are commanded by a major general and are further categorised into airborne, armored and infantry divisions.
Regiment: Consisting of two battalions and made of 1,200 soldiers. They are commanded by a colonel and are further categorised into ranger, armored, and special forces.
Battalion: Consisting of five companies and made of 600 soldiers. They are commanded by a lieutenant colonel.
Company: Consisting of five platoons and made of 120 soldiers. They are commanded by a captain and are the smallest military unit capable of conducting operations on its own.
Platoon: Consisting of three squads and made of 24 soldiers. They are commanded by a lieutenant.
Squad: Consists of two teams and made of 8 soldiers. They are commanded by a sergeant.
Team: Made of four soldiers and commanded by a corporal. It is the smallest military unit in the Army.
The navy fleets are:
Confederate Home Fleet: Conducts naval operations in the Caribbean Sea and the Greater Antilles area.
Confederate Lesser Antilles Fleet: Conducts naval operations in the Lesser Antilles area.
Confederate Southern Fleet: Conducts naval operations in the general area of the Caribbean South America.
Confederate Western Fleet: Conducts naval operations in the Gulf of Mexico and western Caribbean Sea area.
Confederate Overseas Fleet: Conducts naval operations, when necessary, in the overseas. Currently active in the Meditterannean, Horn of Africa, Bay of Guinea and the East Indies for antipiracy operations. Has historically been the primary naval component in Confederate interventions outside the Caribbean such as the Liberian and Indochinese Civil Wars.
The Confederate Navy's unit structure is broken into several subdivisions under the operating force:
- Task Force: Scalable organisation that is responsible to the fleet commander for assigned units and functions.
Task unit: Units operating together for a specific task, such as air defence units or antipiracy operation units.
Task Element: Individual units within a task unit. The smallest unit of the confederate navy and designated to individual ships.
The Navy is made of one helicopter carrier, four amphibious assault ships, ten destroyers, twelve frigates, twenty corvettes, thirty-two Fast Attack Craft and fifty-five patrol boats as well as 52 helicopters. It has a personnel of 43,000.
The core missions of the Air Force are to secure air superiority in combat, aid naval and land operations through air support and to protect the Confederate airspace.
The Confederate Air Force's field structure is broken into several subdivisions:
Named Air Force: Consists of multiple wings with a geographic assignment commanded by a general. The Air Force is currently divided into Air Forces Greater Antilles, Air Forces Lesser Antilles, Air Forces West, Air Forces South and Air Forces East
Wing: Consists of two or more groups commanded by a brigadier general. Wings typically contain an operations group, maintenance group, mission support group and a medical group. Wings are organised for objectives and operate only one kind of aircraft.
Group: Consists of two or more squadrons whose mission are similar or complementary, commanded by a colonel.
Squadron: Consists of two or more flights commanded by a major.
Flight: Consists of individual airmen, commanded by a captain.
Element: Consists of two or more airmen led by a staff sergeant.
The Confederate Air Force owns and operates an inventory of 103 aircraft made of 12 fighters, 4 bombers, 3 patrol aircraft, 52 helicopters and 32 transports and has an active personnel size of 18,450.
The Marine Corps is responsible for amphibious warfare and expeditionary warfare operations, having a very close relationship with its coequal sister service, the Confederate Navy. The Confederate Marine Corps is composed of the Regular Marine Corps and the Marine Corps Reserve. The central unit of the Marine Corps is a rine Air-Ground Task Force, which consist of a command element, ground combat element, aviation combat element, and logistics combat element.
The Marine Corps' unit structure is broken into several subdivisions under the Fleet Marine Force:
Marine Division/Marine Aircraft wing: Consists of three marine regiments or marine aircraft groups and 3,456 marines commanded by a major general.
Marine logistics group: Consists of three combat logistics regiments and commanded by a brigadier general.
Marine Regiment/Marine Aircraft group Consists of four marine battalions or marine aviation squadrons and 1,152 marines commanded by a colonel.
Marine Battalion/ Marine aviation squadron: Consists of four companies or 24 aircraft and 288 marines commanded by a lieutenant colonel.
Company: Consists of four platoons and 72 marines commanded by a captain.
Platoon: Consists of three squads and 24 marines commanded by a lieutenant.
Squad: Consists of two teams and 8 marines led by a sergeant.
Team: Consists of four marines led by a corporal.
The Confederate Marines own their own set of armor, artillery, ground vehicles, warships, and aircraft, which includes 5 amphibious assault ships, 100 landing boats, 25 helicopters, 30 fighter, 5 bomber and 10 transports. It has an active roster of 34,500.
The ten missions of the Coast Guard are:
Port and waterweay security
Aids to navigation
Search and rescue
Living maritime resource
Marine environmental protection
The Confederate Coast Guard has an active personnel of 9,200, and hundreds of small patrol boats and aircraft.
The Confederacy has a relatively small military budget. In the fiscal year 2019, the Department of Defense was granted a budget of $16.1 billion for defence expenditure. A further $4.3 billion is also spent on other defence-related programs such as Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security and the DoD itself.
In FY2019, $4.07 billion was allocated for the Department of the Army, $4.75 billion for the Department of the Navy, $4.48 billion for the Department of the Air Force and $2.85 billion for DoD-wide spending. By function, $35.9 million was requested for personnel, $80.1 million for operations and maintenance, $38.9 million for procurement, $22.6 for research and development, $35.9 million for revolving and management funds, $191.3 million for military construction and $35.9 million for family housing.
The Confederate Military consists of 225,150 active and 100,000 reserve servicemembers. It is an all-volunteer, professional military that has not had a conscription or draft system ever since its current constitution was drafted in 1942. The minimum age for recruitment in the military is 21 years, and there is no limitation towards gender in recruitment.
As with most militaries, members of the Confederate military hold a rank, either that of officer enlisted, to determine seniority and eligibility for promotion. Those who have served are known as veterans. Rank names may be different between services but they are matched to each other by their corresponding paygrade. Officers who hold the same rank or paygrade are distinguished by their date of rank to determine seniority, while officers who serve in certain positions of office of importance set by law, outrank all officers in active duty of the same rank and paygrade, regardless of their date of rank.
Army National Guard
Air Force Reserve
Marine Corps Reserve
Coast Guard Reserve
Major military bases in the Confederacy include the Havana Army Base, Army Base Hemsworth and Army Base Guantanamo in Cuba, Army Base Gonave, Army Base Orange and Army Base Vanderhuit in Hispaniola, Army Base Wellesley in Costa Rica and Army Base Roosevelt in Aruba. Major naval stations in the Confederacy are the Pines Naval Base in the Isle of Pines, the Havana Naval Base, the Guantanamo Naval Base and Naval Base Hartley in Cuba, The Gonave Naval Base, Princehaven Naval Base and Saint Dominic Naval Base in Hispaniola, the Porto Rico Naval Base, and the Costa Rica naval base. There are 13 airfields in the Confederacy, with 8 of them based on Hispaniola and Cuba. Major marine bases include the Guantanamo Marine Base, the Havana Marine Headquarters and the Aruba Marine Base.
As of 31 December 2018, 20,264 Confederate Armed Forces troops are stationed overseas. The lion's share of these troops are stationed in fellow Caribbean countries, including the Permanent Confederate Garrison in the Panama Canal (4,250 army soldiers and 1,200 marines), the Trinidad Forward Base (2,900 marines), the Belize Garrison (2,400 army soldiers and 1,100 marines) and the Nassau Garrison (1,000 army soldiers). There are soldiers in overseas military stations in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Biafra, Indochina, Bioko and Formosa, while 6,500 navy personnel and marines are in active combat situations in anti-piracy operations in the Mediterranean Sea, the Caribbean and the East Indies.
Rank in the Confederate military is split into three distinct categories: officers and enlisted personnel. Officers form the leadership of the military, holding commissions from the President of the Confederacy and confirmed to their rank by the Senate. Enlisted personnel comprise the majority of the military, serving as specialists or tactical-level leaders until they become senior non-commissioned officers or senior petty officers. Military ranks across the five services can be compared by Confederate Uniformed Services pay grade.
Uniformed Services pay grade
Rear admiral (lower half)
Rear admiral (lower half)
$3,285.92 - $4,136
$3,785.76 - $5,227.2
$4,382.4 - $7,128
$4,985.4 - $8,324.1
$5,778 - $9,816.6
$6,931.2 - $12,270.3
$9,140.1 - $13,656
$10,999.5 - $15,857.4
$15,546 - $16,441.8
Officers represent the top 18% of the armed forces, serving in leadership and command roles. Officers are further divided into three categories:
O-1 to O-3: Company grade officers in the Army, Air Force and the Marine Corps or junior officers in the Navy and Coast Guard.
O-4 to O-6: Field grade Officers in the Army, Air Force and the Marine Corps or mid-grade officers in the Navy and Coast Guard.
O-7 to O-10: General officers in the Army, Air Force and the Marine Corps or flag officers in the Navy and Coast Guard.
Officers are typically commissioned as second lieutenants or ensigns with a bachelor's degree after several years of training and education or directly commissioning from civilian life into a specific specialty such as medical professional, lawyer, chaplain or cyber specialist. The three primary commissioning routes include:Confederate States service academies: Four-year military colleges that provide academic, military, physical and leadership training:
Confederate States Military Academy Hemsworth: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Army.
Confederate States Naval Academy Havana: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Army and the Caribbean Marine Corps
Confederate States Air Force Academy: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Air Force.
Confederate States Coast Guard Academy: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Coast Guard.
Confederate States Merchant Marine Academy: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Navy Reserve.
Reserve Officer Training Corps: Part-time military program at traditional colleges.
Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Army.
Naval Reserve Officers Training Cors: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Navy and Caribbean Marine Corps.
Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Air Force.
Army Cadet School: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Army.
Marine Corps Officer Candidate School: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Marine Corps.
Navy Officer Candidate School: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Navy.
Air Force Officer Training School: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Air Force.
Coast Guard Cadet School: Commissions officers into the Caribbean Coast Guard.
Throughout their careers, officers continue professional military education throughout their careers, typically before major milestones. Professional military education institutions across the services and armed forces include:
University of War
National Defense College
George Wilson School for National Security
Join Forces Staff College
Confederate States Army War College
University of Vanderhuit
Marine Corps College
Uniformed Services pay grade
Private first class
Sergeant first class
Petty Officer third class
Petty Officer second class
Petty Officer first class
Chief Petty Officer
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
Airman first class
Senior Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Petty Officer third class
Chief Petty Officer second class
Chief Petty Officer first class
Chief Petty Officer
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
$2,105.04 - 2,371.76
$2,330.34 - $2,828.94
$2,541.99 - $3,606.84
$2,774.71 - $4,297.47
$3,207.84 - $5,765.27
$4,614.59 - $8,752.23
Junior Enlisted Personnel: Serving in E-1 and E-2 ranks, they are usually in initial training or at their first assignment.
Non-commissioned Officers: Serving in E-3 to E-5 ranks, they are called Non-commissioned officers (NCOs) in the army, marine corps and space force, and petty officers (POs) in the Navy and Coast Guard. NCOs and POs are responsible for tactical leadership.
Senior Non-commissioned Officers: Serving in E-6 to E-8 ranks, they are called Senior NCOs in the Army, Marine Cors and Air Force, and Chief Petty Officers (CPOs) in the Navy and Coast Guard. They serve as senior enlisted advisors to officers.
The rank of Senior Enlisted Advisor is an office of high rank given to an enlisted Senior Petty Officer (usually at E-8 rank) who serves as the primary advisor to their service secretary and service chief on enlisted matters. Prior to entering their service, enlisted personnel must their service's basic training. In the Army, after completing Basic Combat Training recruits then go to advanced individual training for their military occupational specialty. In the Marine Corps, after completing Recruit Training, marines attend the School of Infantry, going to the Infantry Training Battalion for infantry Marines, with non-infantry marines completing Marine Combat Training before advancing to technical training for their military occupational specialty. In the Navy, after completing Recruit Training, sailors advance to their "A" schools to complete training for their rating. In the Air Force recruits complete combined Basic Military Training before going to technical training for their Air Force Specialty Codes. In the Coast Guard, after completing Recruit Training, sailors advance to their "A" schools to complete training for their rating.
The 4th Rangers Haiti North, a battalion-type unit, was established in the Caribbean in 1944, and it was the first military unit in the country to be fielded partially made of woman soldiers. A ranger unit, it was instrumental in the break-through of Cayenne, the most important battle in the Surinam Campaign (1944), the most important of the many small campaigns the Confederacy played a part in. Bolstered by its success, all-female and mixed-gender battalions and regiments were formed in the Army beginning in 1944, though the Marines, Air Force and Navy followed through in their own services respectively in January, March and August 1945. A total of 15,000 women served in WWII, making roughly 18% of all total forces deployed, of whom 12 were killed. In total they gained over 65 medals, citations and commendations.
The Women's Armed Services Act, signed by President Nathan Hart, allowing for women to serve in the Caribbean military in fully integrated units during peacetime. Women served in every major engagement the Caribbean Confederation has fought in since the Second World War. There is no law limiting service in any capacity to women in the services, though discrimination and prejudices exist both among the soldiers and in the command element. With a number of 45,734, women make a total of 20.3% of the military personnel, with the Army having the smallest percentage of female personnel and the Coast Guard the largest.
Awards and Honours
Distinguished Service Order
Federal Service Medals