Eras | Prehistoric | Ardedan | Colonial | Stiuraian | Revolution | Young Republics | Favre | Post-Imperial | Division | New Republics | Dyson
Stiuraian Era (1655 - 1791)
1655: After 2 years of rebellion, and after it had spread to Stiura and New Friesland, the VOC grants independence to Stiura, and focuses its efforts on trading in the region. In the Treaty of Kapolder, the Stiuraians grant the Dutch the right to continue operating from the newly independent ports, allowing the VOC to continue operations at the low costs that generated great profits for the Netherlands as a whole.
1666-1670: Stiura begins to form its own independent governing system, seriously decentralizing its authority into constituent States and forming the States-General, the assembly where representatives of the states would coordinate policy and administration.
Around the same time, the position of States-Captain, Staatskapitein, is created to serve as the state executive, empowered as the head of the Stiuraian State, meanwhile, the States-General would be an executive council forming both the legislature and the head of government.
The court system of Stiura would also be of mixed authority, with the States-General exercising Parliamentary Supremacy, it would ultimately have control over the establishment of the judiciary and the composition of its members. However, to protect the people from the government, the Courts were given sweeping powers to hard check the States-General, among which was the sole power of impeachment and constitutional review, exercised early on through simply reviewing passed legislation but later on by reviewing legislation before they were passed.
The complex functions of the early Stiuraian Government necessitated the creation of a Constitution in 1701, making it the first codified constitution in Doraltic (and possibly Isles) history.
1670 - 1680: The following ten years saw a significant growth in Stiuraian territory and power, asserting its dominance of the Batavian south by expanding Helle and establishing Vlagberg and Feerwerd.
In 1676, Stiura would conquer the largest swath of Balniki territory to date, occupying modern Klappenberg and driving the Balniki Kingdom back towards the modern borders.
In early 1680, Stiura begins its trading relationship with Almorea, setting the groundwork for the Almorean-Doraltic friendship
1680 - 1700: Stiura’s trading influence grows both locally and internationally, eventually striking a deal with the Dutch to buy out the VOCs remaining stake in the Western Isles (officially removing the Netherlands from regional canon) and take over their business
Simultaneous to the Stiura-VOC deal, Stiura and Kapolder form a custom union, letting Kapolder into the emerging Stiuraian market on preferable grounds, establishing a relationship between the two nations that will eventually end in the formation of the United Republics
Through 1690 and the early 1700s, Stiura and Razzgriz would fight two wars (and several quasi-wars) over trade disputes in the Southern Sea, solidifying the future emphasis on controlling the peace in the Southern Sea for Doraltic foreign policy, this would also lead to spats among other nations in the South and the formation of future alliances
1704: Diedrich Grottingon, son of Tjeerd Grottingon, after spending years in Batavia working for the administration of the East Indies, emigrates to Stiura, ingratiating himself with the foreign ministry and begins work on forming Stiura’s ultimate foreign policy.
1706: States-Captain Joan van Hoorn, operating from Veldzicht, appoints Grottingon as Chief Foreign Minister, granting him control over the direction of Stiuraian foreign policy for the remainder of its independent existence
1710 - 1720: With a cabinet of phenomenal statesmen, States-Captain Van Hoorn leads Stiura into a golden age, expanding its borders to their modern extent both south into Balnik and west into Roendavar.
Additionally during this era, early signs of industrialization took shape, namely in connection to Stiuraian shipbuilding and trade, the precursor to Giffardmeer Company, the largest auto manufacturer in D&S, is also founded as a shipbuilder.
This is also the longest era of peace Stiura experiences, as relations between Stiura and its rivals warm through new trade deals, it also sees the large disbanding of Stiura’s previous conscripted military force, instead directing its individual states to train and arm local militias to keep the peace.
1730s: As a result of Stiuraian-led privateering before the 1700s, most of which ended in the mid 1710s, piracy in the Argean reaches an all-time high, a veritable golden age of piracy consumes the region as pirates operating from the Free Haven (the modern ID) cause mayhem in the trade lines of the north. This prompts Stiura to end its era of peace and start a war to end piracy, leading to the eventual 1740 Coalition.
1740 - 1768: Stiura joins an international coalition to end piracy in the International District (then known as the Middides or Free Haven), providing the bulk of naval power and equipment to the fight, additionally hires out Vaenland Mercenaries to assist in the subsequent occupation.
In order to maintain its presence near the International Island, due to the nature of the agreed-upon rotating occupation, Stiura leases out a port in the nearby area to base its forces (this location would be in, by order of preference, San Montagna, Athara Magarat, Roendavar, or Khoveria)
1750s: Maximum Stiuraian colonialism, Stiura uses its presence in the International Island and the leased land to extend its proper colonial influence into Argus, striking further deals for land or trade access among the nations of northwest Central Argus (should any come to exist), including several Hangates.
1770s: The 1740 Coalition fails to truly keep the pace in the ID, eventually ending in a bloody and costly war that nearly bankrupts Stiura, forcing it to rethink its colonial ambitions and refocus its efforts on economic restoration
This leads Stiura to look at the nearby French colonies as a potential major source of trade, should Stiura be able to convince the French to relax their mercantile practices over the colonies
1780s: Stiura sends expeditions to verify the location of the Swaneeak Atoll, intends to send a colony in 1795 but the formation of the United Republics stalls plans.
Additionally, Stiura starts to put political and economic pressure on the French colonies to force France into the negotiating table, citing the ongoing American Revolution and the present Dutch-Franco Alliance formed to fight the British as a point from which Stiura can negotiate from, there will ultimately be no substantive response from the French Kingdom before the Dormillian Revolution
1789-91: As the Dormillian Revolution begins, Stiuraian leaders discuss how to respond to it, eventually resolving that it is in the best economic interests of the Republic to aid the revolutionaries while the French remain distracted with their own revolution. They also began to form the idea of a unified state, instantly securing the economic wealth the French colonies had in order to restart the still ailing Stiuraian economy.
In 1791 proper, Stiuraian leadership under States-Captain Aric Diedrich Grottingon, son of Deidrich, negotiates with Remy de Launey on the matter of Stiuraian Intervention, agreeing to intervene on the behalf of the Dormillian Revolutionaries in exchange for bearing the cost of the coming war, Stiura gains concessions from De Launey that once the Revolution is won, that a union of the Stiuraian Republic with a Dormillian Republic shall be swiftly put to action.
The debts Stiura would incur from the Revolution came mostly from other nations in the Isles, placing their coming political situation in precarious waters.
Revolution Era (1791 - 1815)
Phase 1: The Riotous Mob (1791 - 1792)
Assault on Arette
Battle of Ringoven
Battle of Kapolder Bay
Battle of Fort Louis
Phase 2: The Disorganized Militia (Early 1793)
Last Battle of the North Wall
Siege of Abancourt
Recapture of Waalwijk and Ringoven
Cour Rouge Mutiny
Phase 3: The Lucky Volunteers (Late 1793)
Conquest of the North Coast
Battle of Dufour Hill
Encirclement of Cour Rouge
Phase 4: The Victorious Army (1794)
Fall of Abancourt
Surrender of the Duke’s Army
Fall of Cour Rouge
Treaty of Kapolder
1795: As the Revolution finally ends, the process for Doraltic unification begins, though there is initial political resistance from Dormill, seeking true independence rather than a perceived vassalship under Stiura. These sentiments are quelled during the process, where it becomes clear that Remy de Launey would be at the center of the emerging United Republics, and that the two component states would be at equal standing.
1796 - 1800: The United Republics forms, and the early political system is shaped by Remy de Launey’s policies, creating a decentralized state where Dormill and Stiura, the original two Republics, act more in a state union than a true federal state, though are restricted from various forms of state expression that are left to the true and proper federal government.
As this goes on, a system of power sharing forms where the Dutch tacitly agree to the Presidency of de Launey, a Frenchman, in exchange for broader power within the National Congress, and thus ultimately, power over Doraltic policy and finances.
De Launey’s early death precipitates an early constitutional crisis, with the resolution coming with the further solidification of the semi-Presidential system, with Vice President Rene Perot being inaugurated as President, and Congressman-Stadtholder Alois Beltz as “acting Vice President”, Deltz would go on to serve as the President of Congress for several years, entrenching the concept that Congressional leadership has near equal powers to the President as Co-Heads of Government.
1800 - 1815: Defined primarily by Perot’s presidency, with Dormill and Stiura’s political culture stabilizing in his rule. The Republic of Zwolle is the first Republic to be established post-unification, a compromise between the various authorities in Stiura who wanted control over the quickly growing city and its economy.
Perot would also expand the National Congress to 10 members per Republic, with the internal political structure surrounding the Congress creating an environment where each individual member had a vote, a method that wasn’t legally defined through that point.
Dormill and Stiura would also further its international aims by succeeding Stiura in several of its former trade agreements, even expanding them to cover most of Gael and the Southern Sea (the later thanks to a renewed trade agreement with the Osean Empire)
Young Republics Era (1815 - 1844)
1815 - 1825: The Industrial Revolution takes full swing in Dormill and Stiura, with Kapolder and Cour Rouge becoming one of the first electrified cities in the region in 1816. Mass economic growth and the largest boom in population growth in national history saw Dormill and Stiura quickly rise to international economic prominence. Dormill and Stiura would use this, and the growing access to mineral wealth in the nation to great effect.
In this time, the Republics of New Friesland and North Coast would be formed, increasing the United Republics’ membership to 5.
The worst of social oppression of Ardeda also takes place in this time, as rapid industrialization and the expansion of capitalism isolates Ardedans from the new economic system, now dominated by Europeans, this starts a period of building tensions that will last up until the end of the century
1825 - 1835: Period of long-term political stability and continued economic growth, Viares and Amberieux come into their own as fully planned industrial cities. This will also see the first signs of Doraltic interest in Arvan, where the nobility of Dormill fled during the Revolution and settled into the local culture, integrating with the Noronnican ruling class. This interest in Arvan manifested mostly as an extension of Doraltic-Noronnican relations, focusing on lifting trade barriers and maintaining local peace.
In 1828, Alexis Moser published Federalism No. 1, a political essay discussing the present state of the United Republics and advocating for the federal state to start taking a more active role in national affairs. This highly conservative piece becomes a rallying point for Dormill and Stiura’s anti-liberals, seeking to use the federal government to centralize power and protect their status quo and socio-economic standings.
The following years see a shift in Doraltic politics as Moser’s Conservative movement gains ground in the managerial class of the nation, these people saw the federal government as a tool for their advancement, and figured now was a good time to transition the United Republics from the original federation into a centralized state with them in positions of authority.
1835 - 1844: Doraltic Conservatism backfires when the Central Bank of the United Republics, which had invested heavily into [Some foreign venture that goes under], causing a bank rush, a collapse of the Kapolder Brouse, and a major recession, all blamed on President Moser and stirring up serious socalist sentiments in the working class, followed by the formation of multiple socialist parties.
Favre Era (1844 - 1909)
1844: Favre’s First Election: Favre was a strong populist with considerable socialist leanings, ran on a platform of finally using the Doraltic government for the people. This campaign would see the height of political tension within the United Republics as people from all walks and across the entire nation began to finally rise up and assert their rights.
~1848-9: Formation of Eppendorf: Riding the wave of a new political scene in Dormill and Stiura, the people of southwestern Stiura start movements to create their own Republic, distinct from Stiura and its increasingly Conservative leanings, this leads to major protests and the formation of the Republic of Eppendorf, encompassing the modern borders of itself and Feerwerd.
~1844-6: Aftermath of the Second Central Argus War: Though Dormill and Stiura was not involved in the fighting within the Khas-Kiriat Empire, it did influence the subsequent peace deal, attempting to worm its way into the Southern Sea by creating republics modeled on the Doraltic system. This ultimately fails as Osean and Khas-Kiriati influence in the Southern Sea is too entrenched for Favre to uproot.
1850: The Doraltic Triumvirate: In an effort to exert pressure on the Southern Sea Empires, Dormill and Stiura allies itself with Aizcona and Corindia to form a Triumvirate. This alliance allows Dormill and Stiura the access it needs to press its interests in the Southern Sea.
1853: The Canal War: International efforts to build a canal in Central Argus to facilitate trade between Gael and Raedlon are attacked by multiple actors, predominantly those in the International Island, who were attempting to sabotage Canal construction to force international concessions. The situation became a major diplomatic issue when the violence broke down negotiations over the use of the canal, precipitating a war involving the Triumvirate, Noronica, Vancouvia, multiple Hangates, and the Osean Empire as each fought for control over the canal, the International Island, and other concessions. The war eventually ended inconclusively, with the establishment of the International District proper and the Central Canal Authority, both of which started relatively small but expanded in scope and territory to respond to threats against them.
1854: Favre’s Second Election: In one of the most significant political shocks in Doraltic history, President Favre ran for a second term in 1854, motivated by a personal desire to further Doraltic interests and advance the progressive cause he was now the unequivocal leader of, he would win a landslide election, but was one vote short of a unanimous victory, an honor reserved exclusively to De Launey.
1855-1865: Major turn towards socialism: Favre’s second term saw the socialists of Dormill and Stiura, vested mostly behind the People’s Labor Party (precursor to the modern Labor Party), take serious power within both the Republics and subsequently the National Congress. This newfound power resulted in a major push to open up Doraltic democracy and introduce major and significant socialist policies.
This point in time would see the formation of Congress’ second house, the National Assembly, representing blocks of ~50,000 people across all of the United Republics, giving Ardedans their own distinct representatives within the Doraltic federal government for the first time since unification.
During this time as well, major industries of Dormill and Stiura were democratized, with the biggest change directed at the emerging telegraph industry, the power and electricity industry, and the booming manufacturing sector. These companies were owned by their workers, and were typically managed directly by an elected union, though former managers did take up significant portions of leadership positions. The United Republics Ministry of Labor and Trade Unions would be formed here, meant to organize the various unions into a coherent framework. By 1900 union membership in Dormill and Stiura would be near 100% (as opposed to the reduced, but still significant 86%).
1860-1868: Anti-Socialism: As Dormill and Stiura further embraced socialism, elements within the formerly dominant Conservatives began making serious effort to curtail socialism where they could, goading the federal government to increase its authority and risk expanding a conflict far out of its control. This leads to mass anti-socialism in the predominantly rural central areas of the country, prompting representation movements in central Dormill and central Stiura that are left unresolved for decades.
1869-1874: Political tensions mount: As Favre runs for a third term, more extremist elements start to crop up across Dormill and Stiura’s political fabric, creating an extremely tense political situation leading into the election, with several militias raised by the Republics to protect polling places from dissidents, prompting the federal government to start considering reigning in and reorganizing the various semi-independent militia groups.
1873: War of the Mandrake: Tensions in Roendavar flare over into an open war, with republicans and monarchists on a collision course. While Dormill and Stiura attempts an intervention, it underestimates Caliesti Alecsander and is thrown out of the newly formed Roendavar. Tensions between Roendavar and Dormill and Stiura, which additionally hosted escaping Republicans and those against the newly crowned King. This prompted Dormill and Stiura to call back on its Triumvirate, starting a period of extreme tension between various monarchies and republics.
~1870s-1880s: War of the Second Triumvirate: Tensions between Roendavar and the United Republics boil over into a full war, with the great forests of the Thamson Line protecting both sides from direct attack for a while. The war transitioned into a pan-Argean theater as more forces both aligned with the Triumvirate and against it intervened. The War would end with Doraltic concessions, as the goal of the Triumvirate was to bring down as many monarchies as possible.
1880-1: Ardedan Rights Act: After further protesting over the course of the previous conflict, the National Assembly and the States-General finally passed a comprehensive bill of rights to address the issue surrounding Ardeda. Among its provisions was the full protection of the Ardedan language by the federal government, and the enabling of an Ardedan Republic. The ARA also broadened the scope of previous civil rights legislation, extending the right to vote to all men at age 20, reducing qualifications for federal office, and banning multiple forms of discrimination across racial, linguistic, and class lines.
1885: Favre’s Flaw - Having spent so much time in national politics, President Favre has continued to centralize federal power behind him, taking advantage of his cult of personality surrounding him to become truly dictatorial. This included the formation of the federal National Criminal Registry, and the subsequent National Criminal Investigatory and Registry Commission.
The 1885 Election are also one of the most contested up to this point, with over a dozen Presidential candidates running, several of them on platforms expressly directed at ending Favre’s rule in and of itself, others focused on undoing his most egregious alterations of the Doraltic system.
1888: Third Central Argus War - Dormill and Stiura mostly involves itself on the naval front of the war, utilizing its much expanded navy to put pressure on reactionary monarchist forces involved in the fighting.
1893: First Oster War - As Verdon begins its invasion of Ostehaar, Dormill and Stiura intercedes in an effort to stall Verdonnian advances, invading the Oster southwest and setting the conditions around which the Great Gael War, and War of the Fourth Triumvirate, will begin.
1905: Favre’s last election - Old yet still of sound mind, President Favre runs and wins the most contested election in United Republics history, forcing the first run-off in Presidential election history and barely winning 50% of the vote, suspicious circumstances are abound, calling the entire integrity of the election into question, now with several Republics refusing to seat their States-General delegation unless Favre submits to an investigation or steps down.
1905-1909: Four long years of maximized political tensions in and outside Dormill and Stiura nearly tear the nation apart, key government services and several trade unions collapse under the pressure, triggering severe economic instability.
1909: All tensions within Dormill and Stiura reach their head as investigations reveal President Favre, alongside every major Presidential candidate, influenced or attempted to influence the 1905 election, entirely invalidating the election and prompting an immediate move to impeach President Favre, who publicly resists efforts.
Kapolder and Cour Rouge are racked with over seven months of high intensity protests and riots, during which multiple people across all walks of life are killed in the crossfire. During a violent breakup of a protest in Cour Rouge, Tilija Hangma, last of the Mgars, is killed by stray gunfire during the breakup, dying of her injuries that evening.
1911: Years of secret negotiations sees Dormill and Stiura form a new Triumvirate with Noronica and Aizcona, seeking to resolve the worsening Magrati Succession Crisis by supporting the claims of the Noronnican Overlord as the next Mahang. The crisis would only worsen with Doraltic involvement, as Dormill and Stiura’s various rivals in the Southern Sea used this as a point to rally behind, expanding the scope of the coming war to encompass all (or nearly all) of the Western Isles.