⠀Città di Nuova Firenze
Città di Nuova Firenze
Motto: Ad Meliora Semper
Always Towards Better Things
UTC (GMT) -3
Mayor-Council w/Strong Mayor
Salomè Caccese (PN)
Assembly of Nuova Firenze
Its number of inhabitants and its privileged location on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Demerara River have made it an important economic and industrial center, with an intensive labor force that supports the diverse economy of the city, made up mostly of small and medium-sized businesses. The agri-food industry stands out with an abundance of fruits that flow from neighbouring regions, followed by the production of fine wooden furniture. The city's main export products are oranges, lemons, rice, ceramic tiles, textiles, and iron products. It is also an imporant financial center, with the Banca Popolare's headquarters -Montevento's biggest bank- located in it.
The port of Nuova Firenze, named as Berdosa, is one of the busiest in northern South America and the largest container port in Montevento, managing 60 percent of the nation's exports, which makes it a logistics center of great importance. The port has undergone extensive renovations and other expansion projects are underway. The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 10,000 employees who provide services to more than 5,500 ships every year.
Nuova Firenze is also well known for being the most imporant education hub of Montevento, with a large number of private universities being located in the city. Nuova Firenze is home to the headquarters of the Università Pubblica di Montevento, the nation's public university, where approximately 313.250 students are regularly enrolled, of which, more than 60% are located at Nuova Firenze despite the university also having a large presence in San Giovanni and other smaller cities of Montevento.
As an educational reference center, Nuova Firenze also maintains multiple research centers, mainly in the area of pharmaceuticals and health, such as the Nuova Firenze Farmici research laboratories. Also located in this city are the Technological Laboratory of Montevento, the Institute of Hygiene of Montevento, and the Forensic Technical Institute.
Nuova Firenze is home to two major libraries, the Biblioteca Comunale di Nuova Firenze and the Biblioteca Nazionale. There are around 900,780 books or other media in the libraries.
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In 1610, the English navigator Giles Thornton during his second expedition to Brazil, under orders from his brother, Robert Thornton, baptized the place as Porto di Nostra Signora della Candelaria. The first constructions on the site, however, were not carried out until 1615, when a small guard post was built. It was eventually abandoned in 1625 after being constantly attacked by natives from the Carib tribes that lived nearby the area.
Some time later, at the end of 1627, an expedition from the city of Livorno was planned to arrive to the place, with the economic support of several Florentine merchants eager to consolidate their businesses in South America. The fleet consisted of two ships, two brigs and other smaller vessels that carried four companies with 400 soldiers and artillery with which they thought to defend themselves in case they were attacked by the natives. The expedition transported elements of construction, farming and several guns.
On January 3, 1628, the expedition arrived at the mouth of the Demerara River and on the 5th they landed near the old guard post built in 1615. Between the 10th and 18th of that same month, after the construction of improvised homes and a defense line, Giles Thornton, who was one of the leaders of this new expedition, renamed the place as Nuova Firenze, in honor of the Florentine merchants that allowed the carrying out of the expedition and the construction of the beginnings of the city.
A few years after its re-founding, the construction of an extensive port began, this being the one destined to handle all the transit of ships that arrived and left from the western portion of Montevento, while the port of the city of San Giovanni, which was also the biggest, would take care of the more lucrative east of the colony. However, the limits of the jurisdictions of both ports were never defined, which led to multiple confrontations between both cities to defend their interests on the colony's trade.
During great part of the 17th century, during the Golden Age of Piracy, the western coast of Montevento was frequently raided by english and french pirates, with Nuova Firenze not being the exception. As a result, the city was fortified in 1668 to provide it with further defence from the incessant pirate attacks, becoming one of the most fortified cities in Montevento.
The Neoflorentine economy flourished during the 18th century with the rising manufacture of exotic fruits, fine woods and ceramic tiles. Fosco Mazzocchi, a wealthy man, had arrived in Montevento in 1744. In 1746, he bought land and started farming and tile-making. In Nuova Firenze he installed the first factory of these ceramics. He also dedicated himself to livestock and politics. In 1754 he received the title of Governor of Nuova Firenze and, in 1757, he was appointed postmaster. From his position as Governor of the city, he promoted the construction of numerous schools, churches and institutions that still remain standing today.
Shortly after completing the opening of the walls, in October 1835, Francesco Nenni, a Monteventani architect, was put in charge of delineating the urban layout of the Nuova Città, an expansion of the city of Nuova Firenze that would allow it to welcome residents living beyond its city walls. The new plans gave the city more than 200 new blocks and 5 squares, with streets perfectly parallel to each other, creating a main street throughout the entire city to serve as the largest transport route in the urban center.
In the early 20th century Nuova Firenze was an industrialised city. There was a large production of hides and skins, wood, metals and foodstuffs, this last with substantial exports, particularly of citrus. Small businesses predominated, but with the rapid mechanisation of industry larger companies were being formed.
The city experienced explosive population growth through immigration spurred by the jobs created with the implementation of major urban projects and infrastructure improvements.
Nuova Firenze is located on Montevento's Atlantic coast on the east bank of Demerara River estuary. The terrain in this part of the country where the city is located is flat coastal plains. The city is surrounded by a blanket of cane fields along with marshy swamps, and savannah lands on its east and south. The elevation of the land where a big part of the city is located is one metre below the high tide level. This low elevation is protected by a retaining wall known as the seawall to keep the ocean out and an innovative network of canals with kokers to drain the city of excess water.
Nuova Firenze has a year-round hot trade-wind tropical rainforest climate (Af). Relative humidity fluctuates throughout the year with the highest occurring in May, June, August and December–January; these months are usually the rainiest part of the year. Between the months of September to November relative humidity is lower ushering in the drier season. Nuova Firenze does not truly have a dry season as monthly precipitation in all 12 months is above 60 millimetres. Because of its location Nuova Firenze's temperatures are moderated by the North-East trade winds blowing in from the North Atlantic and so it rarely sees temperatures above 31 degrees Celsius.
The city's economy is service-oriented, as nearly 84% of the working population is employed in service sector occupations. However, the city still maintains an important industrial base, with 8.5% of the population employed in this sector. Growth has recently improved in the manufacturing sector, mainly furniture assembly. Agricultural activities are still carried on in the outskirts of the city, even though of relatively minor importance with only 1.9% of the working population and 3,973 ha (9,820 acres) planted mostly in citrus groves and tropical fruit plantations.
The city has an important and long-established finance sector, which specialises in private banking, with the largest bank in Montevento, the Banca Populare, based in Nuova Firenze. Almost 20 private banks, most of them branches of international banks, operate in the city. There are also a myriad of brokers and financial-services bureaus.
Starting in the mid-1990s, Nuova Firenze, formerly an industrial centre heavily centered around its port, saw a rapid development that expanded its cultural and tourism possibilities, and transformed it into a newly vibrant city. Tourism in Nuova Firenze is centered in the City Center area, which includes the city's oldest buildings, several museums, art galleries, and nightclubs. Along the coast, the Fortezza di Thornton, the Coastal Avenue and 13 kilometres of sandy beaches attract many tourists.
The city has numerous convention centres and venues for trade events, among them the Centro Congressi ed Esposizioni Nuova Firenze and the Palazzo dei Congressi (Conference Palace). The city also has several 5-star hotels to accommodate business travelers. The Ministry of Tourism offers a two-and-a-half-hour city tour and the Monteventani Tourist Guide Association offers guided tours in English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and German. Apart from these, many private companies offer organized city tours.
The port's proximity has contributed to the installation of various industries in the area surrounding the bay, particularly import/export businesses, and business related to port activity and naval activity. Because of the density of industrial development in the area surrounding the port, the residential popularity is relatively low. The port has been growing rapidly and consistently at an average annual rate of 6 percent due to an increase in foreign trade. The main environmental problems are subaquatic sedimentation and air and water contamination.
Every year more than one hundred cruises arrive to the port of Nuova Firenze, bringing tourists to Montevento by public or private tours.
Public transport is provided by Gestione Servizio Tramviario (GEST), which operates the Neoflorentine tram system, the biggest in Montevento, with a total extension of 24,2 km and comprising six routes, known as lines 1, 2, 2E (from extended), 4, 4E and 6, with a total of 82 trams. The Agenzia di Trasporto Pubblico di Montevento (ATPM), along with various private transport businesses run extensive bus services, which is composed by buses with an electric, hybrid or any other propulsion system that implies zero local emissions, as well as being equipped with a wheelchair ramp and an exclusive area for wheelchairs, preferential seats for pregnant women, air conditioning, on board GPS and Wi-Fi connections.
The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Nuova Firenze, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 38 min. 7% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 7 min, while 5% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 6.3 km, while 5% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.
The City of Nuova Firenze also makes available a bicycle sharing system to both visitors and residents. Currently the system has 2000 bikes distributed over 300 stations all throughout the city.
The Government of Nuova Firenze is presided by a Mayor, who is democratically elected during the Provincial Elections for a four-year term. The current Mayor of Nuova Firenze is Salomè Caccese, from the center-right wing party Partito Nazionale. Nuova Firenze is considered a "swing" city, regularily alternating between left and right wing leaning mayors. The elected mayor is given almost total administrative authority and a clear, wide range of political independence, with the power to appoint and dismiss city officials without needing the approval of the Assembly or any public input.
The role of mayor has existed in Nuova Firenze since 1974, with the first mayor being Sabazio Rossello (1974 - 1978). A full list of the mayors of Nuova Firenze can be seen below:
1.- Sabazio Rossello (1974 - 1978) 1 term in office - Partito Rosso
2.- Prudenzio Vilardi (1978 - 1986) 2 terms in office - Partito Rosso
3.- Maddalena Corradi (1986 - 1990) 1 term in office - Nuova Unione Alternativa
4.- Donato Giarrusso (1990 - 1994) 1 term in office - Partito Rosso
5.- Amadeo Pasini (1994 - 2002) 2 terms in office - Nuova Unione Alternativa
6.- Achille D'Apolito (2002 - 2006) 1 term in office - Partito Nazionale
7.- Edgardo Donisi (2006 - 2010) 1 term in office - Nuova Unione Alternativa
8.- Virginia Peruzzi (2010 - 2014) 1 term in office - Nuova Unione Alternativa
9.- Salomè Caccese (2014 - Incumbent) 2 terms in office - Partito Nazionale
The Assembly of Nuova Firenze
Another body, the Assembly of Nuova Firenze, or also known as the Congress of Nuova Firenze, governs together with the Mayor. The Assembly, composed of 5 unsalaried elected members, is responsible for such things as the freedom of the citizens, the regulation of cultural activities, the naming of streets and public places, and the placement of monuments; it also responds, approves or rejects proposals of the Mayor in various circumstances.
Nuova Firenze is divided into a total of 21 neighbourhoods, each with its own identity, geographic location and socio-cultural activities. Among the city's neighborhoods, Il Porto stands out, which is located in the areas around the port, characterized by a strong presence of companies and industries, although with a relatively low number of homes. On the other hand, other neighborhoods such as Flonuovo, Giullo and Pomara are characterized by being exclusively residential neighborhoods, where the population density reaches values of more than 15,000 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The Commerciale neighborhood is characterized by its multiple and colorful markets, where it is possible to find a large number of shops of different types, from clothing stores, bookstores and record stores, to the most bizarre shops. The Tre Alberi neighborhood concentrates most of the country's educational institutes and a large number of student residences, often referred to as the "student neighborhood".
13. Il Porto
20. Tre Alberi
The city of Nuova Firenze is home to the Public Univeristy of Montevento (Italian: Università Pubblica di Montevento - UPM) which is also the most prestigious university in the country and also the biggest, with 89.500 students enrolled. It was founded in 1844 in the city of Nuova Firenze and since then, it offers its services completely free of charge to all citizens of Montevento without any distinction, with branches in multiple parts of the country in order to cover the entire entire population.
The UPM is completely autonomous from the central government of Montevento in order to guarantee the independence of the knowledge that is imparted in it, being governed by a system of co-government between teachers, students and graduates, who select the highest authority of the institution, the Rector of the University, a position held since 2020 by Marianella Spalla, the first woman to hold this position since the creation of the University.
The University, in cooperation with the government, also offers various social plans to assist underprivileged students and ensure that they can complete their studies through scholarships, student canteens, community libraries, access to computers and the internet and even a home for those who must travel from remote parts of the country to attend classes, most of which are also offered online.
The largest private university in Montevento, ATR, is also located in Nuova Firenze. ATR University Montevento was first established as a non-profit organization in 1942, and was officially certified as a private university in September 1996, becoming the second private educational institution in the country to achieve that status, after the Nuova Firenze Autonomous University, also located in Nuova Firenze, achieved it in 1994. The university has about 28.000 students, distributed among 5 faculties and institutes, mainly geared towards the sciences and technology/engineering.
Other educational institutions of note located in Nuova Firenze include the Collegio inglese, Lycée Français de Montevento, Ivy Thomas Institute and the German School of Montevento.
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