Re-elected on February 16, 1938, Badr al-Ramin began to modernize the Arabian military with the latest equipment and doctrine. Badr al-Ramin would also begin to construct oil wells, seeking to exploit Arabia's massive oil reserves both for its own purposes and for export. Italy, under Benito Mussolini, would also attempt to procure sovereignty over Tunisia; to which Arabia would warn them to stay out of North Africa, which they would for a while, knowing fully well that they would not be able to take on Arabia alone.
In lieu of rising political tensions Badr al-Ramin founded the Tahaluf Al-Duwal Al-'Iislamia (Tada’i), declared on February 17, 1939 in Qahira in the presence of the Abbasid Caliph shortly after the Hajj season; consisting of the founding members of itself, Malaya, Algharb, Alfida, and Albania.
After achieving victory in the Spanish Civil War, Francoist Spain joins the Axis, because of ideological sympathies and irredentism with regards to the Maghreb. Spain was promised the Maghreb. Germany also promised military and economic assistance in the form of wheat and oil, which was provided in quantity after the signing of the German-Soviet Credit Agreement.
On 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union, and one day after the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union had approved the pact, Germany invaded Poland. The Soviets invaded Poland on 17 September. The campaign ended on 6 October with Germany and the Soviet Union dividing and annexing the whole of Poland under the terms of the German–Soviet Frontier Treaty. This event marks the beginning of WW2.
The Polish government is evacuated to Britain; while several Polish military units and assets fought their way into neutral or Allied territory, with a significant body of troops making their way to the Middle East, while others dispersed and formed the core of the Polish Home Army. Polish intelligentsia and clergy were targeted for elimination by rear guards of Nazi Germany. Polish prisoners of war captured by the Soviets were deported to Siberia.
During the early morning of 9 April 1940 Germany occupied Denmark and invaded Norway, ostensibly as a preventive manoeuvre against a planned, and openly discussed, Franco-British occupation of Norway known as Plan R 4. After the occupation of Denmark, envoys of the Germans informed the governments of Denmark and Norway that the Wehrmacht had come to protect the countries' neutrality against Franco-British aggression. The operation to occupy Denmark and Norway, Unternehmen Weserübung (Operation Weser Exercise) was ultimately successful, ending on July 10 with the German occupation of Denmark and Norway.
On May 10, 1940, Germany initiated Fall Gelb (Case Yellow), wherein German armoured units made a surprise push through the Ardennes, and then along the Somme valley, cutting off and surrounding the Allied units that had advanced into Belgium to meet the expected German invasion. British, Belgian and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the German armies. German forces began Fall Rot (Case Red) on 5 June. The sixty remaining French divisions and the two British divisions in France made a determined stand on the Somme and Aisne but were defeated by the German combination of air superiority and armoured mobility. German tanks outflanked the Maginot Line and pushed deep into France, occupying Paris unopposed on 14 June. After the flight of the French government and the collapse of the French army, German commanders met with French officials on 18 June to negotiate an end to hostilities. On 22 June, the Second Armistice at Compiègne was signed by France and Germany.
The neutral Vichy government led by Marshal Philippe Pétain superseded the Third Republic and Germany occupied the North Sea and Atlantic coasts of France and their hinterlands.
The Battle of Britain begins, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe. This air battle would last from 10 June 1940 to 11 May 1941, where Germany would realize that attaining air and naval superiority over Britain is nigh-impossible. This would delay and ultimately force the cancellation of Operation Sea Lion.
The Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina took place from 28 June to 4 July 1940 as a result of the ultimatum given by the Soviet Union to Romania on 26 June 1940 threatening the use of force. This was consented to by Germany in the secret protocols of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact dividing Europe into spheres of influence.
On 30 August 1940, the Second Vienna Award, known also as the Vienna Diktat, assigned the territory of Northern Transylvania, including all of Maramureș and part of Crișana, from Romania to Hungary.
The Greco-Italian War took place between the kingdoms of Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941. It turned into the Battle of Greece when British and German ground forces intervened early in 1941.
Germany initiated Axis overtures towards Iran, promising Iraq and the Arabian Caucasus, as well as technological and military support in exchange for oil supplies, in addition to that currently being provided by Romania and the Soviet Union.
Axis tensions with Arabia prompt the start of planning for an invasion of Arabia, with offensives being planned against the European holdings of Tada’i and landings in North Africa. This is known as the Plan Orient, a broad offensive against Arabia with the goal of eliminating Arabian European possessions and taking the Middle East itself. As a result, plans for Unternehmen Barbarossa push the start date forward to late 1942 or 1943.
Vichy France was allowed to deploy reinforcements to French Africa to suppress the Free French movement, and to resume industrial war production for both its own army and the Axis powers.
The invasion of Yugoslavia began on 6 April 1941 during World War II. The order for the invasion was put forward in "Führer Directive No. 25", which Adolf Hitler issued on 27 March 1941, following the Yugoslav coup d'état against a pro-Axis government, which angered Hitler greatly. Hungary at first abstained from participating, but Upon the proclamation of an Independent State of Croatia in Zagreb on 10 April, Hungary joined the invasion, its army crossing into Yugoslavia the following day. The invasion was mostly successful, concluding on 18 April, with the occupation of Yugoslavia and the physical creation of the Independent State of Croatia.
At the same time as the invasion of Yugoslavia, Unternehmen Marita (Operation Marita), the German invasion of Greece, begins. The German Army reached the capital, Athens, on 27 April and Greece's southern border on 30 April, capturing 7,000 British, Australian and New Zealand personnel and ending the battle with a decisive victory. The conquest of Greece was completed with the capture of Crete a month later.
After conferring with his advisers, the Sultan of Malaya, Haji Farid, orders an imposition of an oil blockade upon the Empire of Japan.
In response to this, Japan attempted to acquire an oil deal with Algharb but Haji Farid convinces the Grand Vizier of Algharb to back out.
Due to the threat of resource shortage and economic collapse, Japan is forced to invade Malaya. Because Haji Farid assumed that Japan would never go to war with Malaya out of fear of Tada’i, Malaya was caught off guard and the surprise invasion of its territories began on the 7th of December with the invasion of Philippine Luzon by the Imperial Japanese Army stationed in Formosa.
Hours after the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China executes the “Wang Directive” ordering a full-scale reclamation of the country against the Sinkiang, Xibei San Ma, Yunnan, and Guangxi Cliques in order to impose of the central government there.
A day later, the aforementioned cliques established an uneasy truce through the formation of the Western United Front against Wang’s Japan-backed Republic of China. The Wang Reclamation had begun.
On December 20th, 1941, Dai Viet and Siam, through their foreign ministers in Tokyo, formalized their participation in the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere with Japan and aided the war effort through multiple simultaneous offensives against the Malayan archipelago. Despite multiple communiques addressed to Wang Jingwei’s government, he, with the backing of the legislature, refused to consign China to war against Malaya and Malaya’s allies.
January - Manila fell to the Imperial Japanese Army on the 2nd, although resistance to the Japanese occupation continued elsewhere in the country.
General Masaharu Homma decreed the dissolution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and established the Philippine Executive Commission, a caretaker government, with Vargas as its first chairman.
The Wha-Chi or Squadron 48, a Filipino-Chinese Anti-Japanese guerilla organization, established its base near Mount Arayat. Led by exiled Anti-Wang coalitionists and Filipinos of Chinese descent alike, it eventually grew to become one of the strongest guerilla movements in the region.
Other guerilla movements including the HUKBALAHAP, a Filipino communist group, and the Malayan National Front (MNF), a Malayan restorationist organization, set-up bases to contend with the Japanese all across the Philippines. The MNF proves to be the most belligerent faction, not above looting and war-crimes in order to achieve their end.
Haji Farid diverts all military forces to escorting the government administration in their escape to the Malayan colony of Gurun (known as Australia in the West).
Japan, Dai Viet, and Siam achieve swift victories all across Malaya because of the Malayan military diverting all efforts to escorting Haji Farid’s administration instead of actually fighting the enemy.
Tada’i, angered by the invasion of Malaya, declared war on Japan, Siam, and Dai Viet minutes following the wholesale collapse of the frontline.
A massive Tada’i fleet gathered in the Mediterranean, then sailed to the Indian Ocean to meet-up with the Indian Ocean Fleet of Arabia.
Once the Tada’i fleet had reached halfway to the Asia-Pacific, the Axis Powers of Europe declared war on Tada’i. This general offensive is known as the Plan Orient, and involves attacks against Anatolia, Thrace and North Africa, with the goal being to attack the Middle East held by Arabia itself.
May - Without Tada’i reinforcements, Malaya loses the Battle of Laut Karang (Coral Sea).
July-November - Japan engages in a successful campaign against the Bruneians in Irian Jaya (Papua).
On December 2nd, the Conference of Cairo is held: Tada’i officially joins the Allied Powers under the pretext that any other country that declared war on another Allied Power during the war would be considered an enemy by all Allied Powers; thus allowing Arabia to divert forces from the fortified Arab-Persian and Arab-Russian Borders to combat the Axis forces.
November 13 - Siam initiates an offensive move to seize Bengal, prompting the United Kingdom to declare war on the Siamese Empire.
Tensions with Arabia and Axis pressure push Vichy France to join the Axis attacks on Arabia, with French mechanized forces pushing across the Sahara desert and the French naval forces tipping the balance of power in the military more towards the Axis.
Marching through Bulgaria and the other Balkan nations, German, Italian, Hungarian, Romanian and Bulgarian troops attack Arabian Thrace, under Unternehmen Gertrude (Operation Gertrude). The Independent State of Croatia begins mustering its army with support from the other Axis Powers, while the Hellenic State is given approval from Germany to raise their own army. The Hellenic State and Bulgaria are promised their respective southern coast and gains from Thrace.
Gebirgsjäger and Alpini forces are deployed to support the push into Anatolia after the fall of Adrianople (Edirne) and Constantinople (Istanbul), supported by the Romanian Navy and the Regia Marina.
The difficulty of Anatolia’s mountainous terrain allow Arabia to use minimal armored divisions in the region, and divert them elsewhere.
The Jund Altayaran deploys from various air bases across Arabia, shooting down all German aircraft and maintaining air superiority.
The Tada’i Fleet turns around in the Indian Ocean, and makes a return for Arabia.
Germany initiates a strategic bombing campaign against Arabia, while German heavy surface units are moved to the French and Spanish Atlantic coast. U-boats enter the Mediterranean to support Italian naval operations. The Italian and Vichy naval forces begin operations to control the Mediterranean.
Axis landing in Libya, Algeria and Morocco, Unternehmen Herkules (Operation Hercules), was carried out with the support of the Regia Marina and the French Navy. Despite its weight, the Germans managed to utilize the Tiger I, which was impervious against even the most dedicated anti-tank weapons available in 1942.
On December 8, KALIBAPI — Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (Tagalog for the "Association for Service to the New Philippines") — was formed by Proclamation No. 109 of the Philippine Executive Commission (Komisyong Tagapagpaganap ng Pilipinas), banning all existing political parties and creating the new governing alliance.
January - Japan launches the invasion of Gurun, performing landings across the northern and eastern coast of the Gurunese continent.
Japan encounters heavy resistance on the Gurunese continent, as Malaya manages to pull off a defense. Japanese army doctrine was heavily centered on infantry, and would not fare as well on the wide open deserts of Gurun as they did in the jungles of Malaya.
Unternehmen Barbarossa (Operation Barbarossa), the invasion of the Soviet Union, begins after the winter. The Red Army, somewhat recovered from the purges and in possession of great numbers of modern T-34 and KV-1 tanks, but saddled with entrenched complacency due to the Axis campaign against Arabia and gross mismanagement by officers like Marshal Grigory Kulik, is pushed back by German-led Axis forces, equipped with the Tiger I, Panzer IV tanks and StuG III assault guns with the 7.5cm gun and the 7.5cm PaK 40 infantry anti-tank gun, which can engage the T-34. Germany won great battles of encirclement, capturing large numbers of men and materiél, and pushing all the way to the outskirts of Moscow.
However, defense in depth, particularly in Moscow and Leningrad, as well as Soviet manpower and materiél reserves allowed the Soviets to regroup their last reserves near Moscow and Leningrad to hold on until the beginning of the rasputista season, while transferring industry to the Urals allowed for war production to continue. On the part of the Germans, the Panther tank and the Ferdinand tank destroyer appeared, as well as the approved Amerika Bomber, the Ju 390, which allowed the Germans to disrupt Soviet production in the Urals.
USSR releases large amounts of captured Polish troops from the gulags, where they link up with Polish exiles in the Middle East and establish several independent units under ACCSA command. A falling-out with the British leads to the Polish government-in-exile moving to the ACCSA.
During the offensive into the USSR, the population of the Baltics and the Ukrainian Banderists initially greeted the Germans as liberators from Soviet oppression. Latvia, Estonia and Ukraine provide volunteers for the SS, while a collaborationist Lithuanian territorial defense army is created. These units will form the core of later anti-Soviet resistance movements (Forest Brothers).
April 20 - The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising commences. The Polish Home Army secures and releases hard evidence of the Holocaust, in part (Poles, Jews, Catholic clergy, other undesirables were being worked to death, some evidence of gasworks). This is mostly ignored by the rest of the world.
May 6 - During his first visit to the Philippines, Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō promised that a state separate from the occupied territories of Malaya would be established for the country, in effect granting the Philippines its Republican Independence back. The announcement was met jubilantly by members of the Filipino public.
In order to further promote its Fascist rhetoric, KALIBAPI adapted a heightened sense of Anti-Islamism and historical revisionism to paint the Japanese as liberators of the Philippines from Islamic imperialism.
June 19 - KALIBAPI founds the Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence. The PCPI invited much of the intelligentsia for talks regarding the future of the Republic.
Former President Emilio Aguinaldo, having studied new forms of governance during his time in Europe (holding a particular fascination for the principles of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler) constantly proposed the idea of establishing a homegrown National Socialist revolution in the Philippines to the PCPI during their gatherings. Utilizing his vast network of connections with the Japanese, he coerces most of the Committee to approve of the proposal via intimidation tactics.
To secure the Persian Corridor with the USSR, the British launched Operation Countenance against Iran in coordination with the Soviet Union. The British attacked from northern British India while the Soviets attacked from the north. In coordination with the USSR and Britain, the Jund Al Iraq attacked Iran from the west.
Vichy French, Spanish and German surface units engage with Western Allied naval units in the Atlantic, in addition to the U-boat campaign against Allied shipping, to attempt to contest control over the Atlantic and prevent an Allied landing in Morocco.
Axis forces follow up their successes in North Africa with Unternehmen Aïda (Operation Aida), the Axis push into Egypt. With control of Malta and Gibraltar, the Axis is better able to resupply its forces and readies for a push towards the Suez Canal. Germany also initiates Operation Salam, a long-range desert patrol effort led by Hungarian explorer László Almásy. Vichy France and Francoist Spain secure Morocco and Algeria while Germany and Italy secure Libya and push towards Egypt.
Aside from the push in the desert, the state of Axis naval forces allowed for an Italian-French landing in Palestine, Unternehmen Atlas (Operation Atlas), to land Axis troops in Palestine and push towards the Suez Canal. Notably, the Vichy French forces fielded the modern Char G1R, now with the ARL 42 3-man turret and a 7.5cm L/40 gun.
To tie the Arabs up further, the Vichy French army pushes into Ethiopia and Sudan after overrunning the buffer states in the area. The French field chasseurs alpins mountain troops and later, goumier collaborationist forces raised from Berber tribes who had good relations with Spanish colonial forces in Morocco, while propaganda leaflets are dropped by plane, calling for Ethiopians to rise up against their Arab oppressors.
The difficult terrain of Ethiopia make it difficult for the Vichy French forces to traverse, and allow Arabian forces to easily destroy armored divisions in Ethiopia
The Jund Altayaran prevents the Axis air force from gaining air superiority, and continuously harasses the Axis forces on their way to the Suez; many of the local ground forces focus on defending Arabian air bases in order to limit the Luftwaffe’s operational range in Misr (Egypt).
The Luftwaffe and the Regia Aeronautica continue to contest the skies, along with the air forces of the other Axis powers, as well as strategic bombing attacks to disrupt Arabian war production. The Bomber B, the Fw 191, and the Amerika Bomber, the Ju 390, along with the Ju 188 and the He 177, begin replacing the older bombers used previously, while the Italians field the potent Reggiane Re.2005 Fiat G.55 and Macchi C.205 fighters.
The returning Tada’i Fleet arrives in Egypt, and undocks with a large number of ground forces including massive armored divisions.
The coastal defence of Egypt prevent landings, while the Tada’i ground forces prepare to defend the Nile
The armored divisions of the Western Jund Al Sham and Southern Jund Al Anadul move into Filastin to deter Axis landings in the Palestinian Coast.
The Jund Al Sham attempts to secure the Suez, while the Jund Altayaran engages Axis aircraft and attacks Axis naval forces around the northern mouth of the Suez.
With the reinforcement of the Arab army, the Axis begins a make-or-break push for the Suez Canal, supported by the latest Panther tanks and the Ferdinand tank destroyers, as well as larger numbers of Tiger I tanks. The 350,000 strong
German-Italian Panzer Army reaches El Alamein in the Nile Delta, under Erwin Rommel and Ettore Bastico. The Panther and the Tiger acquitted themselves honorably, supported by 8.8cm anti-aircraft guns used as anti-tank guns, in addition to a healthy amount of Panzer IV, StuG III and PaK 40s available, along with the 15cm Hummel and 10.5cm Wespe self-propelled guns, as well as 15cm and 21cm Nebelwerfers. The Italians fielded the P26/40 tank, comparable to the Panzer IV, as well as the Semovente da 75/18 and da 75/34 assault guns. The Luftwaffe and the Regia Aeronautica engage the defenders and the aircraft of the Jund Altayaran. Ultimately, the Battle of El Alamein ends with Axis forces disengaging.
The Jund Al Anadul, joined by the returning marines; reinforce El Alamein and engage the Axis forces in open combat with a much larger force several times the number of the invading forces at 600,000; with forces diverted from the Zagros Front, the Bilad Al Sham Army, and armies from the Anadul Front, under the command of the Moshir Ayda Qadir Mohammed.
Unternehmen Typhon (Operation Typhoon) begins. Germans, despite the rasputista, break through the Soviet defense lines in significant numbers and penetrate the suburbs of Moscow. Heavy urban fighting begins and the winter takes its toll on the German units, who are not used to campaigning in the snow. Skillful Soviet resistance and bad weather forced the Germans to retreat 150-200 miles from Moscow by December.
In the South, the Germans launch Fall Blau (Case Blue) to capture the resources of the Caucasus. The diversion of large Soviet forces to fight the Iranians allowed Army Group South to continue to score victories in Southern Russia and then split into 2 forces - Army Group A and Army Group B. Army Group A was responsible for Unternehmen Edelweiß (Operation Edelweiss), the German drive for the Caucasus while Army Group B was tasked with the implementation of Unternehmen Fischreiher (Operation Heron), the push towards Stalingrad.
September 20, 1943, the KALIBAPI's representative groups in the country's provinces and cities convened and elected from among themselves fifty-four members of the Philippine National Assembly, the legislature of the country, with fifty-four governors and city mayors as ex-officio members. The PNA ratified the constitution drafted prior and recently approved by the Japanese establishing the “Social Republic of the Philippines” and effectively turning the Philippines into a police state.
Three days after establishing the National Assembly, its inaugural session was held at the pre-war Legislative Building and it elected by majority Benigno S. Aquino as its first Speaker and José P. Laurel as President of the Social Republic of the Philippines, (who was inaugurated on October 14), at the foundation of the new Social Republic, the Legislative Building.
Former President Emilio Aguinaldo and General Artemio Ricarte raised a new Philippine flag, a deviation from one used during the Philippine–Malayan War (which featured an anthropomorphic sun) during the inauguration. This was the first time since the Japanese occupation that the flag of the Philippines was properly displayed and the anthem played. The Philippine Social Republic had been born.
On the same day, a Pact of Alliance was signed between the new Social Republic and the Japanese government that was ratified two days later by the National Assembly. While Jose P. Laurel delivered a speech declaring war on the Allied powers, the Philippine ambassador to London refused to do so. Because the Philippine Social Republic government was not technically recognized as a sovereign country by any of the Western European powers, the United Kingdom and other Western Allies do not officially declare war on the Philippines.
November - The Greater East Asia Conference (大東亜会議, Dai Tōa Kaigi) was an international summit held in Tokyo from November 5 to 6, in which Japan hosted the heads of state of various component members of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The event was also referred to as the Tokyo Conference. The Conference addressed few issues of substance, but was intended from the start as a propaganda show piece, to illustrate the Empire of Japan's commitments to the Pan-Asianism ideal and to emphasize its role as the liberator of Asia from Islamic influence.
December - Artemio Ricarte was appointed Field Marshal of the Social Republic’s Armed Forces, which he was also given the difficult task of establishing. Exiled revolutionaries, descendants of those who fought during the Philippine-Malayan War, and sympathizers with military experience of other nationalities currently residing in the country were granted positions in the officer corps.
On the 29th, a General Conscription Law was passed for all capable men between the ages of 22 to 50. Divisions formed under Ricarte’s military command were mandated to be sent on the frontlines to fight alongside the Imperial Japanese Army as auxiliaries.
In early 1944, the first Filipino volunteer companies from Ricarte’s auxiliary program linked-up with the Imperial Japanese Army in Gurun.
January 2 - The Jund Al Arminiya moves in to secure the Caucasus, joining Soviet forces to repel the German Army Group A.
January 17 - The Tada’i Fleet passes through the Al-Suways and enters the Mediterranean, and engages the Axis Naval forces.
March 6 - Jund Al Anadul liberates Thrace, supported by the Tada’i Fleet and Jund Altayaran Al Anadul, before sweeping across Balkans.
March 20 - The Soviets launch Operation Iskra, expelling the German-led Axis forces from the vicinity of Leningrad and pushing them back 60-100 miles from the city.
April 1 - The 6th Army, the force of Army Group B tasked with attacking Stalingrad directly, is forced to surrender within the city after the Soviets launch Operation Uranus, where the weak minor Axis armies defending the flanks of the 6th Army are destroyed.
May - Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War, is launched against the Vichy French and Francoist Spanish forces in Morocco. The goal of Operation Torch was to open a second front in Europe, as per the request of Leon Trotsky.
May 20 - The first effective combat divisions of the Philippine Social Republic land in Northern Gurun including the 1st “Maharlika” Infantry Division, the 2nd “Makabayan” Infantry Division, the 1st Kempeitai-Yoin Motorized Division, and the 1st “Tiradores” Ranger Division. Over 28,500 Filipino soldiers, most without proper gunnery training, are utilized as auxiliaries during the Pacific Summer Offensive of 1944 in an attempt to break the Japanese-Malayan stalemate.
June 6 - Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Western Europe commenced with the Normandy landings. A 1,200-plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving more than 5,000 vessels. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on the 6th of June.
July - Fighting and offensives in Southern Russia and the Ukraine force the overextended German forces to fall back, abandoning Kharkov, Kiev, the Crimea and other areas.
July 20 - The impending defeat of Germany drove several anti-Hitler officers in the Nazi regime to act. Claus von Stauffenberg successfully assassinated Adolf Hitler during Operation Valkyrie. German troops retreated from France, the Low Countries and Russia (back into Poland), Italy, and Romania, while the occupation of Denmark and Norway came to an end. Carl Goerdeler and Ludwig Beck, the nominal heads of state and government, called for a ceasefire and negotiations for a separate peace with the Western Allies.
August 15 - The German garrison is driven out of Warsaw. Smaller insurrections happen in Bialystock and Lublin that achieve limited success.
The Western Allies break off negotiations and begin an offensive against the Siegfried Line. The large number of troops from the Eastern Front and Norway ensure this offensive is stalled. Furthermore, anger against the failed initiative of the Stauffenberg government emboldens supporters of Hitler, Strasserists and most monarchists alike. The Stauffenberg government is overthrown by a revolt led by Otto Ernst Remer, and many of the surviving putschists are imprisoned in the Spandau Prison.
Poland and the Baltics are occupied by Tada’i forces. A Polish provisional government is established.
The structure of the new government is settled as follows - the monarchy was to be restored, however Crown Prince Wilhelm is to give up his claim in favor of Princess Victoria Louise, who was more apolitical yet retained the same high standing. Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz was to be appointed as "Reich Regent'' and takes over the titles and powers assumed by Adolf Hitler. Otto Strasser becomes chancellor and prepares to make negotiations for a separate peace with the Soviet Union.
A ceasefire and prisoner exchange took place. Along with the returning prisoners of war came members of the National Front, who were restored to rank in the German army. Most importantly, German leaders asked for weapons and supplies to rebuild the shattered German Army for an offensive in the West. In return, Germany would share atom bomb technology and a delivery platform with the Soviet Union. Notably, the Soviets began providing raw materials, allowing for the resumption of production of strategic bomber aircraft, as well for the construction of a great quantity of nuclear devices for both nations.
Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein (Operation Watch on the Rhine) was launched in December of 1944 against the Western Allied Forces, commencing the Battle of the Bulge. The Battle of the Bulge consisted of an offensive through the Ardennes to retake Antwerp by 45 divisions. Notably, the Germans managed to take Elsenborn Ridge in the north, using aircraft, tanks, artillery and experienced infantry freed up by the cessation of hostilities in the Eastern Front, and by risking an intelligence coup by fielding the experienced paratroops of von der Heydte for Operation Hawk, who managed to seize an important crossroad. St. Vith in the center and Bastogne in the south fell as well due to veterans of the Eastern Front and the increased amount of firepower released. In the north, Germans were able to continue on towards Liege and Verviers. The Tiger II heavy tank and the derived Jagdtiger heavy tank destroyer makes their debut in the fighting, along with the Jagdpanther heavy tank destroyer, as well as the Sturmpanzer IV "Brummbär'' and Sturmtiger heavy assault guns. Large numbers of improved Panther and Panzer IV tanks are utilized, as well as Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer and Jagdpanzer IV/70 (V) tank destroyers, StuG III and IV assault guns and Soviet supplied T-34-85 tanks. The Soviets manage to fill out the artillery park of the Strasserite German forces, compensating for the Allied proximity fuse with the weight of fire of Soviet pieces and the mobility of self-propelled German pieces such as the 15cm Hummel and the 10.5cm Hummel-Wespe. Notably, the Germans fielded the StG-44 assault rifle in large numbers.
Unternehmen Nordwind (Operation North Wind), began on 31 December 1944 in Rhineland-Palatinate, Alsace and Lorraine in southwestern Germany and northeastern France. The goal of the offensive was to break through the lines of the British 7th Army and French 1st Army in the Upper Vosges mountains and the Alsatian Plain, and destroy them, as well as the seizure of Strasbourg. The Germans utilized the technological superiority of armor and the weight of artillery fire to compensate for Allied weight of armor and technological superiority of artillery, with veteran infantry from the Eastern Front tipping the balance in favor of the Germans.
Unternehmen Zahnarzt (Operation Dentist) was launched by the Germans to attempt to eliminate the Third Army. The plan was to initiate a pincer movement to encircle and destroy the British 3rd Army.
As part of the negotiations for a conditional surrender, a coalition of German military and political officials led by Otto Strasser, provides the Soviet Union with several nuclear devices (known to the Germans as "Heisenberg Devices") it had in its possession before its defeat, including four identified as Gerät (Gadget), Kleiner Junge (Little Boy), Dicker Mann (Fat Man) and Dünner Mann (Thin Man). Gadget and Fat Man were implosion-type plutonium bombs, while Little Boy and Thin Man were uranium gun-type devices. Several specially-modified Me 264 and Ju 390 Amerika Bomber strategic bombers were provided as well to deliver the bombs. These had an extensively modified bomb bay with pneumatic doors and bomb attachment and release systems, reversible pitch propellers that gave more braking power on landing, improved engines with fuel injection and better cooling, and the removal of protective armor and gun turrets.
August 9 - The Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation is launched by the USSR against the Japanese puppet-state of Manchukuo in advance of the deployment of the Heisenberg Devices. This is conducted under the pretext of pre-empting a counter-offensive strike by Japan through Northeastern China, provoking Japan to declare war on the USSR instead of the other way around, and to positively affect the post-war position of local communist cells in the region. The following day, August 10, the Japanese issue a declaration of war against the Soviet Union for violating Manchurian sovereignty.
September - Tada’i forces arrive in the East Indian Ocean and engages the Japanese and Japan-allied fleets. The combined Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere fleet scatters.
September 26 - The USSR drops a nuclear bomb on the Japanese city of Sasebo. A coup is set into motion by key Japanese military officials in order to prevent the government from accepting the terms for unconditional surrender. Despite being widely circulated by Allied media, formal acknowledgement of the detonation of a nuclear device as well as its magnitude is not enacted by the Imperial Japanese government, leading GEACPS-aligned countries to believe the successful detonation of a nuclear device as propaganda.
Leon Trotsky, either due to believing that the GEACPS was stubborn or in order to intimidate Western Allied countries during post-war negotiations, issues Order 486, declaring unrelenting long-range strategic strikes against "critical military installations" of the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere until the total capitulation of all of its member-states.
September 27 - Launching an aircraft from Taiwan, the USSR drops a devastating nuke on Manila. Benigno S. Aquino, and much of the National Assembly, are killed by the explosion. Jose P. Laurel, who was conducting an inspection of troops near Lingayen, miraculously survives. Laurel is pressured to sign an indefinite ceasefire with Malaya, and declares a cessation of hostilities with all Allied powers on national radio. No peace treaty is signed as the initial declaration of war made by the Philippine Social Republic was not technically returned by the United Kingdom, the USSR, or Arabia when it was declared. Instead, President Laurel issues a general cessation of hostilities.
September 28 - A nuclear bomb targeted against the Siamese empire is dropped via an airfield in the British Raj. Singapore is chosen as the destination of this bomb following intelligence reports that a large Japanese fleet stationed in the city was preparing to sail for the mainland and provoke a counter-coup. Much of the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere combined fleet is destroyed. Siam surrenders.
September 29 - The war-cabinet of the Dai Viet Emperor issues a declaration of unconditional surrender.
September 30 - The Polish government-in-exile returns to Poland. An independent Polish state is re-established as the Prusso-Polish Commonwealth. Stauffenberg is released and goes into exile in Poland, where he eventually becomes heavily involved in the establishment of the post-war Polish Armed Forces.
Population exchanges with Germany begin; Germans deported to Germany, Poles to Poland. The concentration camps, however, remain, first as impromptu hospitals for their former inmates, and then as labor and death camps for captured SS personnel, including the Dirlewanger Brigade and Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski. The Strasser-led German government does not complain, and abets this by only making surface level inquiries regarding the fates of SS personnel and listing them as KIA, as members of the Black Front and the SA are chosen to supervise the return and expulsion of deportees, organizations which the SS attacked and humiliated politically.
Trotsky and Strasser make plans to reform post-war Germany into a National Bolshevik state, to be known as the Reorganized National Government of Germany or the Reorganisieren Reichregierung, which would integrate both anti-Allies revanchism and German nationalism with Bolshevik economic ideology.