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by The Incorporated States of The Interregional Court of Justice. . 53 reads.

ICJ Charter


INTERREGIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

LA COURT INTERREGIONALE DE JUSTICE • 区域间法院


CHARTER

PART I - Establishment & Jurisdiction of the Interregional Court of Justice

Article 1 - Establishment
1.1 The Interregional Court of Justice (‘the Court’) is hereby established. The jurisdiction and functioning of the Court shall be governed by the provisions of this Statute.

Article 2 - Jurisdiction
2.1 The Court shall have jurisdiction over all extra-regional affairs including but not limited to disputes and agreements between regional governments, nations and polities in different regions, inter-regional organisations, alliances and treaties.
2.2 The Court's jurisdiction shall extend to any judicial matter delegated to it by any Region or organisation.

PART II - Composition and Administration of the Court

Article 3
3.1 The Court shall be composed of the following institutions:
(a) The Board of Directors
(b) The Court and
(c) The Registry.

Article 4 - The Board of Directors
4.1 The Board of Directors (‘The Board’) shall be the independent supervisory body of the Court ensuring it functions consistently with and in accordance with this Statute.
4.2 The Board shall be composed of three voting members: the current President, the Managing Director and 1 independent member not otherwise associated with the Court.
4.3 The Managing Director shall be appointed by the Board for a one year term and serve as long as they retain the confidence of the Board. The Managing Director shall serve as the Executive Chair of the Board.
4.4 The President shall sit on the Board for the duration of their tenure.
4.5 Unless otherwise specified, Board Members shall serve terms of one year and may serve a maximum of three consecutive terms with no maximum number of terms.
4.6 If a vacancy on the Board occurs, the Board shall be responsible for appointing a suitable replacement.

Article 5 - The Court

General Provisions
5.1 The Court shall be composed of five Judges: the Chief Justice styled as 'President of the Court' and four other Judges.
5.2 The President shall be appointed by the Board for a term of two years.

Bench for Originations
5.3 Matters coming before the Court shall initially be heard in the Bench for Originations. Such matters shall be assigned to one Judge of the Court.
5.4 Each Judge shall preside over their own Bench and preside over matters by rotation.
5.5 Up to five matters may be adjudicated concurrently.

The Full Bench
5.6 The Full Bench, which is composed of all the Judges of the Court, shall be presided over by the President and have appellate jurisdiction over all decisions of the Court and shall have the authority to resolve cases in situations where the Benches disagree.
5.7 Any party to a matter, ongoing or decided, may appeal to the Full Bench if: (a) a decision in a matter is factually incorrect, (b) a decision in a matter misapplies the law, (c) a matter is unduly delayed, or (d) appeal is permitted by Court regulations. The Full Bench shall hear the appeal if it is granted by the Chief Justice or by any 2 Judges.
5.8 Decisions made by the Full Bench shall be binding on the subsequent decisions of the Court. In the case of a tie, the President shall have the authority to decide the outcome of the matter.
5.9 The Full Bench shall not be bound by its previous decisions.

Article 6 - The Registry
6.1 The Registry shall be the body of staff which performs the non-judicial functions of the Court.
6.2 The Registry shall be overseen by the Managing Director.
6.3 The Managing Director shall have control over the The cilj clerk to ensure the duties of the Registry are executed.
6.4 The Registry shall have as many staff as the Managing Director deems necessary to ensure the smooth operation of the Court.

Article 7 - Judicial Appointments
7.1 When a judicial vacancy arises, the Board shall ensure the nominee displays a high moral character, impartiality, integrity and have established competence in relevant areas of international law or possess experience in a capacity which is of relevance to the judicial work of the Court.
7.2 The Board shall be responsible for the appointment of all judicial vacancies.

PART III - Operation of the Court

Article 8 - Independence, Disqualification and Expulsion of Judges
8.1 Judges shall be independent from external influence and pressures in the performance of their Judicial functions.
8.2 When engaged in the business of the Court, Judges and Board Members shall enjoy the same privileges and immunities as are accorded to heads of diplomatic missions and shall, after the expiry of their terms of office, continue to be accorded immunity from legal process of every kind in respect of words spoken or written and acts performed by them in their official capacity.
8.3 All potential conflicts of interest must be declared before the commencement of a case so as to ensure that a Judge does not participate in a case which impacts the independence or impartiality of their judgement.
8.4 The appellant and the respondent may request of the President the disqualification of a Judge from a matter under this paragraph with full discretion lying with the President.
8.5 A Judge shall not participate in any case in which his or her impartiality might reasonably be doubted on any grounds. A Judge shall be disqualified from a matter in accordance with this paragraph if, that Judge has previously been involved in any relevant capacity in that case before this Court or in a directly related case at the Regional level involving the respondent.
8.6 A Judge must retire after three years of service in the Court however may become a Judge again after a period of six months.
8.7 Any question as to the disqualification of a Judge or expulsion due to serious misconduct or a serious breach of the duty of a Judge shall be decided by a unanimous vote of the Board.
8.8 A Judge may be a member of another non-CILJ Court or body. Where relevant, the Judge must declare this pursuant to sections 8.3 to 8.5.

Article 9 - Official Procedure
9.1 The President may determine and establish regulations for the operation of the Court. Regulations shall not be unnecessarily onerous or prohibitive to the operation of the Court and may be challenged before the Board on those grounds, which may overruled by a simple majority.
9.2 The Court has jurisdiction only with respect to matters occurring after the entry into force of this Statute.
9.3 If the Registry determines that a referred case should be heard by the Court, the case shall always, in the first instance, be heard by the Bench for Originations.
9.4 Every decision made by the Court in a judicial capacity must be accompanied by a written judgement which should detail the reasoning employed to arrive at the decision.
9.5 Any decision made by the Bench for Originations may be appealed to the Full Bench of the Court.

Article 10 - General Principles
10.1 A party shall not be liable under this Statute unless the conduct in question constitutes, at the time it takes place, an area within the jurisdiction of the Court.
10.2 This Statute shall apply equally to all Nations, Regions and Polities without any distinction based on any official capacity.
10.3 The respondent shall not be held liable until so proven.
10.4 The onus of proof shall be on the appellant, both in original and appellate proceedings.

Article 11 - Representation
11.1 A Party may have another person represent them during proceedings before the Court.
11.2 A Party may hold or withhold representation at their own discretion.
11.3 A Representative shall be granted the same rights and responsibilities within the Court as if they were the Party which they are representing.

Article 12 - Enforcement
12.1 The enforcement of decisions made by the Court shall be enacted by the parties of the case or by any other body as is reasonably determined by the Judge(s).
12.2 If the Court’s ruling has not been implemented within a reasonable time, the Registry shall, on behalf of the Board of Directors, take over the enforcement of that Ruling.
12.3 If the Ruling has still not been complied with after intervention from the Registry, the Board may suspend or expel the non-compliant party or parties from the Court.

PART IV - Amending the Charter

Article 13 - Amendment Provisions
13.1 Anyone may submit a proposal to The Board to amend this Statute.
13.2 An amendment shall come into effect after a unanimous vote of the Board or by majority votes of the Board occurring no sooner than one week apart.

-Written by Ecclestia & Imperium Anglorum


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