MONARCHY OF SERPENS LAND
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The Serpens Land monarch is the monarchical head of state of Serpens Land, which is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy as per the Serpens Land Constitution adopted in 1965. The current monarchy can trace it's ancestry back to the final British governor-general of Serpens Land, Sir Albert Eaton. The current monarch of Serpens Land is King Edward II who ascended to the throne in 1984 after the death of his father, Edward I.
The Serpens Land monarchy is a constitutional monarchy, and as such is limited by the terms of the Serpens Land constitution. According to the constitution, the monarch has ultimate executive power over Serpens Land. In practice these powers are only reserved for times of crisis. Generally, the monarch only preforms non-partisan duties such as awarding honours, and appointing the prime minister.
>>CONSTITUTIONAL AND OFFICIAL ROLE
Throne room in the Royal Palace of Fort
According to the Serpens Land constitution, the monarch is the head of state, is the holder of executive power, and the joint holder of legislative power along with the Serpens Land parliament. The monarch ultimately has the power to veto any law, prorogue or dissolve parliament, and to dismiss any prime minister or government minister. No Serpens Land monarch has ever actually used their executive powers in fear of political unrest.
Today, the monarch exercises various ceremonial and non political roles in Serpens Land and abroad. The prime minister and cabinet hold regular meetings with the Privy Counsel, which the monarch presides. The prime minister also holds weekly meetings with the monarch in the Royal Palace where he or she updates the monarch on the latest political developments. The monarch hosts visits from foreign heads of state, and takes part in state visits abroad. The monarch takes letters of credence from foreign ambassadors appointed to Serpens Land, and signs those of Serpens Land ambassadors abroad.
Badge of the prince/princess royal
Since 2005, the Serpens Land monarchy has followed absolute primogeniture. The throne of Serpens Land is restricted to descendants of Sir Albert Eaton.
Currently, the heir apparent to the throne of Serpens Land is Victoria, Princess Royal. The title of prince/princess royal is bestowed upon the heir apparent to the Serpens Land throne. The title does is not automatically granted upon birth. It has to be bestowed upon the heir apparent by the reigning monarch. When a prince/princess royal becomes monarch, the title is dropped. There have only been two princes/princesses royal in the history of Serpens Land; the current monarch King Edward II, and the incumbent Victoria, Princess Royal.
The heir ascends to the throne at the moment the previous monarch dies. The position of the monarch of Serpens Land can never be empty. Once ascending to the throne, it is expected that a monarch reigns until his or her death. In the short history of Serpens Land's independent monarchy, there has never been a monarch that has abdicated. The monarch of Serpens Land is not crowned when ascending the throne, as there is no physical crown used by the monarch of Serpens Land. Instead, monarchs of Serpens Land swear an oath to uphold the Serpens Land constitution in a ceremony held in the Royal Palace of Fort Charlotte. The monarch is the only citizen of Serpens Land who swears allegiance to the constitution - all other Serpens Landers swear allegiance to the monarch.
A monarchy in Serpens Land was first established during the period of British colonization of the islands in the 19th century. The first monarch ruling over Serpens Land was William IV of the United Kingdom. The monarch was represented in Serpens Land by a governor, and later after given dominion status - a governor general. The British monarchy would continue to have an official, although somewhat distant presence in Serpens Land until the declaration of a Serpens Land republic in 1957.
Upon the declaration of a republic, the last governor general of Serpens Land; Sir Albert Eaton fled in exile to the Serpens Land territory of the Westmoor Isles. Given the lack of support for the coup in the Westmoor Isles, the territory declared independence from Serpens Land. Five months later, Sir Albert would be crowned King Albert of the Westmoor Isles. King Albert would reign over the Westmoor Isles until his death less than a year later in September 1958. His son, Edward succeed him and began to take an active role opposing the military regime in Serpens Land. The military government would eventually fall, and Edward I would ascend to the throne of Serpens Land on May 17, 1965.
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