Table of contents
Article 1 Bill of Rights
Article 2 Legislation
Article 3 the President
Article 4 The Electoral Committee
Article 5 Citizenship
Article 6 The Office of Founder
Article 7 The WA Delegate
Article 8 Judicial Branch
Article 9: Treaties and Unions
Article 10 Amendments
Article 11 Ratification
We, the nations of the Third Imperial Union, have gathered in this Region of NationStates to establish it as a place within for democracy, free speech, and political freedom.
The right to Freedom of Speech: All citizens are permitted to speak freely their opinions and thoughts and to publish such opinions and thoughts via dispatch, newsletter, or other assorted formats of the Press, uninterfered by the government; this freedom is excepted, however, in extraordinary cases when such speech violates the rules of NationStates.
The right to Freedom of Association: All citizens are permitted to associate with any ideology, Party, or Person they wish without government interference.
The right to form a Militia: Citizens are permitted to form a non-government-sponsored Militia to raid or defend, which the government may not prevent nor force said Militiaís induction into any official Military organization that Parliament decides to establish. However, if such a Militia poses a Regional security threat, they may be apprehended and tried for their alleged crimes.
The right to a Fair Trial: All citizens will have the right to a Fair Trial, for any alleged crime they have committed, before an official TIU Court of Law, and may be granted a Person of their choice to represent them as legal counsel in said Trial.
The right to Protest: All citizens of the TIU are permitted to protest the government on the Regional Message Board as well as any government-sponsored off-site chat- as long as they protest within the rules of NS- without any suppression.
The Right to Vote, and hold Office: All citizens not convicted of Treason or Corruption- unless pardoned by 3/4ths of the Parliament, or unanimously in the case of a 3 member Parliament- are permitted to run for Office and, regardless of their criminal history shall be permitted the right to Vote.
Article 2: Legislation
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in the Parliament.
The Parliament shall be composed of Members elected every 2nd month by the citizens of the TIU.
Only those recognized as citizens of the TIU may be members of the Parliament.
When vacancies Appear in the Parliament, the Electoral Committee, within 5 days of the vacancy, shall issue Writs of Election to fill such vacancies- an absence of 2 weeks shall be considered a vacancy.
The Parliament may elect a Speaker from amongst themselves, who may direct and lead the Parliament in itís meetings; the Parliament may also further elect more Officerís amongst themselves as they see fit.
The Parliament shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
The Parliament shall be composed of an original 3 members and will be expanded in groups of two at times of growth in the TIU, to be determined by the Members of the Parliament- and suggested by the Parliament a maximum of twice per single term- and approved by the President, who may find such an expansion as motivated for political purposes and instead Veto; in the case of a Veto, expansion shall not be suggested for another 2 weeks from the original petition date.
The Parliament shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When the President is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: No President shall be convicted without the Concurrence of 2/3rds of the Members present. When a Supreme Court Justice is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside, lest he be on trial in which case a Justice selected by the President shall preside: No Justice shall be convicted without the Concurrence of 2/3rds of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than Removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of Honor or Trust in the TIU; but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment, and Punishment, according to Law.
The Parliament may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of 2/3rds, expel a Member, whose term shall be fulfilled by a candidate put forward by the Electoral Committee and approved by 2/3rds of the Parliament.
The Parliament shall keep factbooks or records of their proceedings and rulings, including a collection of all the votes cast by its members, Ayes and Nays alike.
Every Bill which has passed the Parliament by any majority shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the TIU; if approved it shall be returned signed, but if not it shall be returned with the Presidentís Objections to the Parliament, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration 2/3rds of the Parliament shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the citizens of the TIU who shall vote for or against it, and it shall be passed as Law with 2/3rds of the current registered citizens. If any Bill is not returned by the President within seven days after itís presentation for its consideration, after having passed with any majority of the Parliament, the Bill shall be a Law in a manner as though the President had signed it.
The Parliament shall have the Power to void any final treaties signed with foreign regions with a disapproval vote of 2/3rds issued by the Parliament, against the treaty in question.
The Parliament shall have the Power to establish a Military via legislation.
The Parliament shall have the Power to establish inferior Courts of Law.
The Parliament shall have the power to declare a Communications Ban/Immigration Ban with a region they deem to be a threat to regional sovereignty, by any majority.
The Parliament shall have the Power to define all Crimes via Laws, and punishments for committing said Crimes.
The Parliament shall have the Power to create Committees to oversee their internal affairs or internal affairs of the region that affect areas not defined in this document.
The Parliamentís members shall have the Power to bring charges against any government official who is suspected, with evidence, of committing a Crime; if said evidence is voted as Reasonable by the 2/3rds of the Parliament, then the Parliament shall proceed in trying the government official in question via the Supreme Court.
Article 3: The President
The Executive Power shall belong to the President. They shall hold Their Office for a term of three months, and together with the Vice president, chosen for the same Term, be elected by the citizens of the TIU with any majority, and shall remain in Office until the completion of their term, Removal, or Resignation- an absence of 2 weeks shall be considered a Resignation.
In Case of Removal of the President from Office or their Resignation, the Vice President shall ascend to the Office, unless the Vice President is unable to fulfill said Office- in Cases such as Removal by Parliament on merit of their own Crimes or Resignation- in which case the Speaker of the Parliament shall ascend to the Office; if none of these is able to fulfill the Office, Parliament shall preside over the Region with all Powers of the President until the next election of the Office of President.
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army if the Parliament decides to create one, and shall have the Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the TIU, except in Cases of Impeachment.
The President shall have the Power to make Treaties, provided 2/3rds of the members of Parliament present concur; and shall appoint Ambassadors, members of the Electoral Committee, other public Ministers, and Judges of the Supreme Court, in the case that there are vacancies in such Offices.
The President, Vice President, and all other civil Officers of the TIU shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, violation of this document, or other high Crimes.
The President will be given Appearance, Communications, Polls, Border control, and Embassy powers to act out their duties as President.
Article 4: The Electoral Committee
The Electoral Committee shall be in charge of recognizing political Parties, granting them the ability to participate in the campaigning in elections for all Offices. The Electoral Committee maintains the registry of all Recognized political Parties.
The Electoral Committee is responsible for running all elections, referendums, and deciding on the regulations regarding how the elections work, and how seats will be distributed in the Parliament.
The Electoral Committee will be made up of members nominated by the Founder and approved by the WA Delegate.
There may be a maximum of 7 Electoral Committee members and a minimum of 3.
The Chairman of The Electoral Committee shall be chosen by the Committee members.
They shall have Polls, Appearance, and Communications powers to carry out their duties as Chairman.
Article 5: Citizenship
Any Person who is Registered as a Citizen shall be permitted to vote in elections and participate in Government.
Any Person who resides in the region for more than 5 days shall be permitted to participate in and operate political Parties.
Citizenship applications will be viewable by the Founder, the President, and any Officer designated by the Parliament to review said applications, and may be accepted by any of the said Officers. Accepted applications shall be saved in a factbook viewable by all citizens.
Article 6: The Office of Founder
The Founder is responsible for acting out all duties associated with adding and removing powers described in this document, ordered by the President, Parliament, or the Supreme court via an amendment to this document.
The Founder is not permitted to Suppress any posts, ban any citizens, or remove any Officers without permission from the President or by request of the Supreme Court.
The Founder shall be permitted to hold minor positions of Office and lead a Party; they shall not, however, be permitted membership in the Supreme Court of Law nor shall they hold the Office of President.
If the Founder is to cease to exist the WA delegate will be allowed to continue the duties as the Founder, unless unable to hold such Office- either by Removal for any crime by the Parliament- in which case the Office of Founder shall be held by the previous President, until the reinstallation of another WA Delegate.
Article 7: The WA Delegate
The WA Delegate shall be chosen by the people, and will always be the highest endorsed nation.
They will have Communications, Polls, and World Assembly powers. They shall be permitted to vote and to create any Organization they deem necessary to properly investigate, and vote on all WA proposals.
They may send regional telegrams informing the Region of their decided vote on a WA proposal and their case for doing so.
Article 8: Judicial Branch
The supreme judicial Power of TIU shall be vested into one Supreme Court, which will hold the highest judgement of the Law and Constitution in the Region, and in such inferior Courts that the Parliament may from time to time ordain and establish.
The Supreme Court will consist of 3 justices who will serve a life term, except in the case of Impeachment- due to breaking or bending the Law- or Resignation- an absence of 1 and a half months shall be considered a Resignation. Candidates, when a vacancy occurs, shall be nominated by the President, and shall pass the Parliament by any majority.
The Supreme Court shall be permitted to set their rules and procedures which all citizens must abide by when filing and participating in Cases.
The Supreme Court will be allowed to choose their Chief Justice who will be in charge of the proceedings, as well as writing the Rulings and Judicial opinions.
The Supreme Court shall hold Jurisdiction over this document and all future laws passed by the Parliament, above all inferior Courts of Law.
The Supreme Court shall have the Power to overturn laws passed by the Parliament if they deem them unconstitutional.
All inferior Courts of Law implemented by the Parliament shall have itís members installed by the President.
Article 9: Treaties and Unions
The President, Parliament, and any Officer appointed by the President and charged with foreign affairs shall be allowed to negotiate treaties, possible multiple region pacts, or Unions.
If a treaty is to affect things regarding this document they must be submitted to the Parliament to be proposed for a referendum; a 3/4ths majority vote- or unanimous vote in the case of a 3 member Parliament- in favor of said treaty by the Parliament is the minimum requirement to ratify said affecting treaty.
If a referendum is held and a 3/4ths majority is achieved to ratify a treaty for a multi-regional union, exceptions may be made for any conflict with the treaty, and the Constitution of the TIU.
Article 10: Amendments
The Parliament, whenever 2/3rds of it deem necessary, shall propose amendments to this document or hold a convention for proposing constitutional amendments.
Amendments, if proposed to the Parliament, shall be proposed under the normal procedures of the Parliament.
If any amendment passes the Parliament, said amendment shall go to a publicly held vote for all citizens of the TIU, which will be ratified with a 2/3rds majority of the citizens.
AuthorsOnicana, and Third imperial union.