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by The Syrian Arab Republic of The Great Expanses. . 19 reads.

Tai Workers' Air and Air Defence Force

Tai Workers' Air and Air Defense Force

"เราคือปีกแห่งประชาชน"
(We are the wings of the People)



Overview


Basic Information


Formed
15th May 1975

Allegiance
Tai Communist Party

Headquarters
Pattaya, Tai Socialist People's Republic

Engagements

Issara Insurgency (1968-1974)

Laotian Civil War (1969-1975)

Vietnam War (1969-1975)

Cambodian-Vietnamese War (1978-1989)

First Kra Civil War (1974-1986)

Siamese-Thai border conflicts (1974-present)

Second Kra Civil War (2020-present)



Leadership


Commander-in-Chief
First Secretary Saruta Kukrit

Minister of Defense
Defense Commissar Surachai Danwattananusorn

Chief of Air Force
Air Chief Marshal Itthaporn Subhawong


Manpower


Military Age
21-45

Active Service
~28,000

Reserve Service
~1500


Recognition Markings



Equipment



Personal Weapons


Calibre: 9 mm
Cartridge: 9x18mm Makarov
Length: 161.5 mm
Barrel Length: 93.5 mm
Weight: 730 g
Effective Range: 50 m
Maximum Firing Range: 100 m
Action: Blowback
Muzzle Velocity: 315 m/s
Rate of Fire: 30-40 rpm
Feed System: 8, 10 or 12-round detachable box magazine
Sights: Blade front, notch rear (drift adjustable)


Calibre: 7.62 mm
Cartridge: 7.6242mm SP-4
Length: 165 mm
Barrel Length: 35 mm
Weight: 700 g
Effective Range: 25 m
Maximum Range: 50 m
Action: Recoil-operated
Muzzle Velocity: 220 m/s
Rate of Fire: 20-30 rpm
Feed System: 6-round detachable box
Sights: Fixed blade sight


Fixed-Wing Aircraft


Multirole Combat Aircraft


Crew: 1 or 2
Length: 14.7 m
Wingspan: 7.154 m
Height: 4.125 m
Wing Area: 23 m
Empty Weight: 5433 kg
Loaded Weight: 8825 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 11,500 kg
Powerplant: 1 Tumanskiy R25-300 , 40.21 kN thrust dry, 69.62 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.05 (2532 km/h)
Ferry Range: 2150 km
Range (clean, on internal fuel): 1675 km
Combat Range: 850 km (typical armament, no droptank)
Service Ceiling: 18,000 m
Rate of Climb: 255 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.8-1.3
Wing Loading: 375 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 23 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23L autocannon with 200 rounds
5 hardpoints in total: 4 underwing and 1 ventral, (reserved for droptank) with a capacity of 3500 kg of ordnance, droptanks and other equipment
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-27, R-77 or R-73
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-23 Grom
Rockets: S-24 rockets, or UB-16-57 rocket pods
Bombs: 500 or 250 kg bombs
Avionics:
Phazotron Kopyo radar (range: 120 km, detects up to 20 targets, track up to 10 and engage up to 4)
ARK-10 bearing locator
SPO-3 Sirena-3M warning receiver
ASP-PFD gunsight
SOD-57M Globus-2 transponder
ARL-S Lazur'-M ground control link
RSBN-2N navigation system


Crew: 1 or 2
Length: 17.32 m
Wingspan: 11.4 m
Height: 4.73 m
Wing Area: 38 m
Empty Weight: 11,000 kg
Loaded Weight: 15,000 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 20,500 kg
Powerplant: 2 x Klimov RD-33 ser.3 afterburning turbofan engines, 81.59 kN each with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.25 (2778 km/h)
Cruise Speed: Mach 1.19 (1470 km/h)
Ferry Range: 2500 km
Range (on internal fuel): 1800 km
Combat Range: 1200 km
Service Ceiling: 18,000 m
Rate of Climb: 340 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.8-1.05 depending on mission loadout
Wing Loading: 405 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 x 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon, 150 rounds
7 Hardpoints in total: 6 under wings and 1 centreline with a capacity of 5500 kg of ordnance, fuel tanks and avionics pods
Air-to-Air Missiles: Vympel R-27, Vympel NPO R-77 and Vympel R-73
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-29MP, Kh-38, Kh-36, Kh-35, Kh-31 Anti-Ship/Anti-Radiation Missile
Bombs: KAB-500 series guided bombs
Other Equipment: Various countermeasures and sensor pods, various targeting pods or up to 3 x droptanks
Avionics:
Phazotron Zhuk-ME active electronically scanned array radar (max range: 260 km, detects up to 40 targets, can track up to 20)
OLS-UEM electro-optical targeting system
OLS-K electro-optical targeting system
Avionics data bus also employed


Crew: 1
Length: 16.7 m
Wingspan: 13.97 m (fully-spread)
7.8 m (fully-swept)
Height: 4.82 m
Wing Area: 37.4 m (fully-spread)
34.2 m (fully-swept)
Empty Weight: 9600 kg
Loaded Weight: 14,840 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 17,800 kg
Powerplant: 1 Khatchaturov R-35-300 afterburning turbojet with variable-geometry nozzles, 84 kN thrust dry, 128.2 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.45 (3026 km/h)
Ferry Range: 2980 km
Range (on internal fuel): 1900 km
Combat Range: 1500 km (internal fuel, full air-to-air armament)
2600 km (3 droptanks, light air-to-air armament)
Service Ceiling: 18,600 m
Rate of Climb: 295 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.8-1.3
Wing Loading: 395 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 23 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23L autocannon with 260 rounds
6 hardpoints total: 2 under fuselage, 2 wing glove mounted, 2 underwing pylons
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-73, R-23, R-77, R-27
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-23 Grom
Rockets: S-5 rocket pods
Bombs: 250 or 500 kg bombs can be fitted to any of the hardpoints
Avionics:
SPO-15L radar warning receiver
Zhuk N010 (range: 185 km, detects up to 25 targets, tracks up to 12, can engage up to 7)


Crew: 2
Length: 21.935 m
Wingspan: 14.7 m
Height: 6.36 m
Wing Area: 62 m
Empty Weight: 17,700 kg
Loaded Weight: 24,900 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 34,500 kg
Powerplant: 2 Saturn AL-31FL (117S) Afterburning turbofan engines, 74.5 kN thrust each dry, 124 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 1.9 (2265 km/h)
Ferry Range: 8000 km
Range (on internal fuel): 3000 km
Combat Range: 1200 km (standard armament, no droptanks)
Service Ceiling: 17,300 m
Rate of Climb: 305 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.86-1
Wing Loading: 400-450 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon with 150 rounds
12 hardpoints in total: 2 wingtip rails and 10 wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 11,200 kg of ordnance, fuel tanks and avionics pods
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-27R/ER/T/ET/P, R-73E, RVV-AE
Air-to-Surface Missiles (includes anti-radiation and anti-ship missiles): Kh-29T/L, Kh-59M/ME, Kh-31, Kh-59MK2
Bombs: KAB-500KR general-purpose bomb, KAB-500OD bomb, KAB-1500KR GP bomb, KAB-1500L laser-guided bomb, FAB-500T GP bomb, BETAB-500SHP bomb, ODAB-500PM bomb, OFAB-250-270 bomb, OFAB-100-120 bomb, P-50T bomb, RBK-500 cluster bombs, SPBE-D bomb
Avionics:
Bars Passive Electronically Scanned Array radar (range: 180 km, detects up to 60 targets, can track up to 30)
OLS-35 infra-red search and track system
L175M Khibiny-M electronic countermeasures system
OEPS-27 electro-optical targeting system
SPO-15 Radar Warning Receiver
Avionics bus also employed


Crew: 1
Length: 21.9 m
Wingspan: 15.3 m
Height: 5.9 m
Wing Area: 62 m
Empty Weight: 17,200 kg
Loaded Weight: 25,300 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 34,500 kg
Powerplant: 2 Saturn AL-41F-1S (117S) Afterburning turbofan engines, 86.3 kN thrust each dry, 142 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.25 (2778 km/h)
Cruise Speed: Mach 1.2 (1482 km/h)
Ferry Range: 4500 km
Range 3600 km
Combat Range: 1600 km
Service Ceiling: 18,000 m
Rate of Climb: 300 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.92-1.13
Wing Loading: 385 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 internal 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon with 150 rounds
12 hardpoints in total: 2 wingtip rails and 10 wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000 kg of ordnance, fuel tanks and avionics pods
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-27ER/ET, R-40, R-60, R-73E, R-77M/P/T, R-74
Air-to-Surface Missiles (includes anti-radiation and anti-ship missiles): Kh-25ML, Kh-29L/TE, 3M-14AE, 3M-54AE1, Kh-31A/AD, Kh-35U, Kh-59MK, Yakhont, Kh-25MP, Kh-31P/PD, Kh-58UShE
Bombs: 8 KAB-500KR TV-guided bombs, KAB-500L laser-guided bombs, KAB-500OD guided bombs, KAB-500S-E satellite-guided bombs, KAB-1500KR TV-guided bombs, KAB-1500L laser-guided bombs, GBU-500 laser-guided bomb, GBU-500T TV-guided bomb, GBU-1000 laser-guided bomb, GBU-1000T TV-guided bomb
Avionics:
Irbis-E Passive Electronically Scanned Array radar (range: 400 km, detects up to 60 targets, can track up to 30)
OLS-35 infra-red search and track system
L175M Khibiny-M electronic countermeasures system
OEPS-27 electro-optical targeting system
SPO-15 Radar Warning Receiver
Avioics bus also employed


Bombers and Ground Attack Aircraft


Crew: 2 (pilot and WSO)
Length: 22.53 m
Wingspan: 17.64 m (wings spread)
10.37 m (wings swept)
Height: 6.19 m
Wing Area: 55.2 m
Empty Weight: 22,300 kg
Loaded Weight: 38,040 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 43,755 kg
Powerplant: 2 Lyulka AL-21F-3A turbojet engines, 75 kN thrust each dry, 109.8 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 1.6 (1980 km/h)
Cruise Speed: Mach 0.96 (1186 km/h)
Ferry Range: 2800 km
Combat Range: 615 km
Service Ceiling: 11,000 m
Rate of Climb: 155 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.6
Wing Loading: 651 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 1 internal 23 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-23M rotary cannon with 500 rounds
9 hardpoints in total, capable of carrying 8000 kg of ordnance: 2 under-wing, 4 nacelle mounted, 3 fuselage mounted
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-60MK, R-73E
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-23M, Kh-25ML, Kh-59ME, Kh-29L/T/D
Anti-Ship Missiles: Kh-31A
Anti-Radiation Missiles: Kh-28, Kh-58E, Kh-25MP, Kh-31P, Kh-27PS
Bombs: KAB-500KR TV-guided bomb, KAB-500L laser-guided bomb, KAB-500OD guided bomb, KAB-500S-E satellite-guided bomb, KAB-1500KR TV-guided bomb, KAB-1500L laser-guided bomb, ODAB-500PM bomb, RBK-250 cluster bomb, RBK-500 cluster bomb, BETAB-500 bomb
Avionics:
SVP-24 targeting system
Orion-A superimposed radar scanners
Relyef terrain clearance radar
Aist-M
RDS-BO
Shtik side-looking airborne radar (SLAR)
Zima infrared reconnaissance system


Crew: 1
Length: 19.02 m
Wingspan: 13.68 m (fully-spread)
10.02 m (fully-swept)
Height: 5.12 m
Wing Area: 38.5 m (fully-spread)
34.5 m (fully-swept)
Empty Weight: 12,160 kg
Loaded Weight: 16,400 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 19,430 kg
Powerplant: 1 Lyulka AL-21F-3 afterburning turbojet engine, 76.4 kN thrust dry, 109.8 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 1.13 (1400 km/h) at low altitude
Mach 1.5 (1855 km/h) at cruising altitude
Ferry Range: 2300 km
Combat Range: 1150 km with typical payload
Service Ceiling: 14,200 m
Rate of Climb: 230 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.7
Wing Loading: 443 kg/m
Armament:
Guns: 2 30 mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-30 autocannons (80 rounds per gun, 160 rounds total)
UPK-23 or SPPU-22 gun pods for 2 Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23L autocannons
12 hardpoints in total, capable of carrying up to 4000 kg of ordnance: 6 under fuselage, 4 under-wing, 2 nacelle mounted
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-73
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-23, Kh-25, Kh-29, Kh-58, Kh-27, Kh-28
Rockets: S-5, S-8, S-13
Bombs: KAB-500, KAB-250, KAB-1500


Reconnaissance and Intelligence Aircraft


Crew: 1
Length: 23.82 m
Wingspan: 14.01 m
Height: 6.1 m
Wing Area: 61.4 m
Empty Weight: 20,000 kg
Loaded Weight: 36,720 kg
Powerplant: 2 Tumansky R-15B-300 afterburning turbojet engines, 73.5 kN thrust each dry, 100.1 kN with afterburner
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.83 (3495 km/h)
Cruise Speed: Mach 1.1 (1360 km/h)
Ferry Range: 2600 km
Mission Range: 1900 km
Service Ceiling: 25,000 m+
Rate of Climb: 210 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.6
Wing Loading: 595 kg/m
Armament: None mounted for most missions
Air-to-Air Missiles: Up to 2 x R-73
Avionics:
Sapphire-25 pulse-doppler radar
RV-4 radar altimeter
Sablya-E side looking airborne radar
Various camera systems


Crew: 5-10 (pilot, co-pilot, radio operator, flight engineer, navigator, 4 or 5 mission crew)
Length: 23.8 m
Wingspan: 29.3 m
Height: 8.58 m
Empty Weight: 15,020 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 24,000 kg
Powerplant: 2 Progress AI-24VT Turboprop engines, 2820 hp each
sometimes fitted with 1 Tumansky Ru-19-A300 Turbojet booster / APU, 7.85 kN thrust
Maximum Speed: 510 km/h
Cruise Speed: 440 km/h
Ferry Range: 3500 km
Mission Range: 2500 km
Service Ceiling: 7500 m
Rate of Climb: 8 m/s
Avionics:
Side-looking radar
Fitted with various camera systems
Curl-B ELINT suite


Transport Aircraft


Crew: 5 (pilot, co-pilot, radio operator, flight engineer, navigator)
Passengers: 32 paratroopers
36 fully equipped soldiers or 45 passengers
Payload: 5500 kg
Length: 23.8 m
Wingspan: 29.3 m
Height: 8.58 m
Empty Weight: 15,020 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 24,000 kg
Powerplant: 2 Progress AI-24VT Turboprop engines, 2820 hp each
sometimes fitted with 1 Tumansky Ru-19-A300 Turbojet booster / APU, 7.85 kN thrust
Maximum Speed: 510 km/h
Cruise Speed: 440 km/h
Ferry Range: 3500 km
Mission Range: 2500 km
Service Ceiling: 7500 m
Rate of Climb: 8 m/s


Crew: 5 (two pilots, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator)
Passengers: 60 fully equipped paratroopers
Payload: 20,000 kg or 2 x BMD-3 Airborne APCs
Length: 33.1 m
Wingspan: 38 m
Height: 10.53 m
Wing Area: 121.7 m
Empty Weight: 28,000 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 61,000 kg
Powerplant: 4 Ivchenko AI-20L or AI-20M turboprop engines, 4000 hp each
Maximum Speed: 777 km/h
Cruise Speed: 670 km/h
Range: 5700 km
3600 km (with maximum payload)
Service Ceiling: 10,500 m
Rate of Climb: 10 m/s
Power/Weight: 0.4


Crew: 5 (pilot, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, loadmaster)
Passengers: 75 paratroopers
or 95 passengers
or 45 stretchers with 8 medical officers
Payload: 64,000 kg
Length: 46.59 m
Wingspan: 50.5 m
Height: 14.76 m
Wing Area: 300 m
Empty Weight: 92,500 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 210,000 kg
Powerplant: 4 Soloviev D-30KP turbofans, 117.7 kN thrust each
Maximum Speed: 1013 km/h
Cruise Speed: 850 km/h
Range: 9500 km
4500 km (with maximum payload)
Service Ceiling: 13,000 m
Rate of Climb: 14 m/s
Minimum Landing Distance: 430 m


Trainers


Crew: 2 (pilot, instructor)
Length: 7.745 m
Wingspan: 9.3 m
Height: 2.7 m
Wing Area: 15 m
Empty Weight: 1015 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 1305 kg
Powerplant: 1 Vedeneyev M-14P nine-cylinder radial engine, 360 hp
Maximum Speed: 315 km/h
Cruise Speed: 230 km/h
Range: 550 km
Service Ceiling: 4500 m
Rate of Climb: 7 m/s
Wing Loading: 76 kg/m


Crew: 2 (pilot, instructor)
Length: 12.13 m
Wingspan: 9.46 m
Height: 4.77 m
Wing Area: 18.8 m
Empty Weight: 3455 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 4700 kg
Powerplant: 1 Ivchenko AI-25TL turbofan engine, 16.87 kN thrust
Maximum Speed: 750 km/h
Ferry Range: 1750 km
Range: 1100 km
Service Ceiling: 11,000 m
Rate of Climb: 22 m/s
Thrust/Weight: 0.4
Wing Loading: 250 kg/m
Armament:
Up to 284 kg of stores on 2 external hardpoints


Crew: 2 (pilot, WSO/instructor)
Length: 11.49 m
Wingspan: 9.84 m
Height: 4.76 m
Wing Area: 23.52 m
Empty Weight: 4600 kg
Loaded Weight: 7250 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 10,290 kg
Powerplant: 2 Ivchenko-Progress AI-222-25 turbofan engines, 24.52 kN thrust each
Maximum Speed: 1060 km/h
Cruise Speed: 892 km/h
Range: 2200 km
Combat Range: 570 km
Service Ceiling: 12,500 m
Rate of Climb: 65 m/s
Wing Loading: 275 kg/m
Armament: (none standard in trainer configuaration)
Guns: 1 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon with 250 rounds
9 Hardpoints in total: 2 wingtip launchers, 6 underwing hardpoints and 1 fuselage pylon capable of carrying 3500 kg of ordnance
Rockets: UB-32A rocket pods for S-5 rockets, B-8M1 rocket pods for S-8 rockets, S-13, S-24, S-25
Air-to-Air Missiles: R-74
Air-to-Surface Missiles: Kh-23, Kh-25ML, Kh-29L, Kh-28
Bombs: BETAB-500 concrete-penetrating bomb, FAB-250 general-purpose bomb, FAB-500 GP bomb, FAN-500 bomb, KAB-500KR TV-guided bomb, ZAB-500 incendiary bomb
Other Equipment: ASO-2V decoy dispensers
Avionics:
Phazotron Kopyo radar
DISS-7 radar
SO-69 IFF transponder
SPO-15 radar warning receiver


Rotary-Wing Aircraft



Crew: 3 (pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer)
Passengers: 26 passengers
or 24 fully laden troops
or 12 stretchers & 1 medical attendant
Payload: 4000 kg internally
5000 kg externally slung
Length: 18.465 m
Height: 5.65 m
Empty Weight: 7489 kg
Loaded Weight: 11,100 kg
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 13,000 kg
13,500 kg with underslung load
Powerplant: 2 Klimov VK-2500PS-03 turboshaft engines, 2400 hp each
Maximum Speed: 285 km/h
Cruise Speed: 265 km/h
Ferry Range: 1100 km
Range: 800 km (with standard payload)
Service Ceiling: 6000 m
Rate of Climb: 8 m/s
Armament:
Up to 1500 kg of ordnance on 6 external hardpoints


Anti-Aircraft Systems


Stationary Surface-to-Air Missile Systems


Crew: 6 (3 radar operators, 2 missile operators and technicians, 1 commander)
Launch Weight: 7850-8700 kg
Radar: 5N62 H band continuous wave radar, detection range 270 km
Main Armament: 1 x 5V25V, V-880M/5V28M or V-880MN/5V28MN missiles
Missile Length: 10.8 m
Missile Weight: 7100 kg
Operational Range: 300 km
Guidance System: Semi-active radar homing seeker head
Ceiling: 40,000 m
Missile Speed: Mach 4 (4940 km/h)
Deployment Time: 30-60 minutes


Road-Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile Systems


Crew: 3
Weight: 50 tonnes
Length: 12 m
Width: 4 m
Height: 5 m
Radar: 9S15M2, 9S15MT2E and 9S15MV2E all-round surveillance radars, 300-360 km detection range
64N6 BIG BIRD E/F-band radar, 450-1000 km detection range
9S32 engagement radar, 250 km detection range
Can track and engage 6-36 targets simultaenously
Main Armament: 2-8 9M83ME, 9M96E1, 9M96E2 or 40N6
Effective Range: Up to 400 km (40N6), 190 km (most other missiles)
Ceiling: 30 km
Missile Speed: Up to Mach 7.5
Engine: V-84 diesel, 840 hp
Suspension: 8x8 wheeled
Operational Range: 300 km
Speed: 55 km/h

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