Type 319 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
The Type 319 is a Cossack next-generation amphibious infantry fighting vehicle made as part of the WURCo.-owned New Krasnoyarsk Vehicle Design Plant's Future Armor Program. Intended for use both in the Cossack Peoples' Army and the Naval Infantry, the Type 319 can be deployed by an amphibious assault ship from over the horizon and come ashore using a hydroplane, as well as keep pace with armored and mechanized formations on land. The Type 319 is planned to fully replace both the aging Suvorov IFV and the MK-92 in their roles as infantry fighting vehicle and amphibious armored fighting vehicle.
Infused with new technological developments after the South Seas War, the Type 319 is able to simultaneously possess impressive lightness and formidable protection against infantry-based weapons that it will no doubt encounter.
Prior to the Future Armor Program, Cossack armored strategy was focused around the main battle tank, with IFVs acting as a subordinate or secondary role and not a fully-defined or developed role of their own. As such, the Suvorov IFV was largely neglected in favor of hosting soldiers on the rear of the Lepanto Main Battle Tank and relying on the suppression of the cumbersome autocannons of the tank. This reliance on tank-desant infantry was displayed as the oversight that it was when infantry fireteams went without cover advancing upon lightly armed Imperial soldier-citizens at the Battle of Hill 879, leading to unnecessary casualties because of this tactical negligence.
What started out as the Future IFV was quickly scrapped by the New Krasnoyarsk Vehicle Design Bureau in 2008 as dwindling resources in the Future Armor Program were devoted to no avail to what would become the Type 300 MBT. However, with the upstart of the South Seas War, the Future Armor Program reinitialized the program and continued its development until just after the war, integrating new technology that was acquired along the way.
Originally, the Type 319 (designated the Type 319a) was to be fitted with an extremely convoluted matrix of high-hardness steel, ceramics, fiberglass, and aramid fibers as its hull, but due to currently infeasible manner of its engineering in so little space it was ultimately scrapped; another attribute to the slow death of the project in 2008, leaving the extremely expensive and heavy prototypes to gather dust in warehouses and depots.
The design was radically changed, however, upon the development of the Spysa Active Protection System, which in turn was developed from the unlicensed concept copies of the Leonist Leestcheck University LL9 Point Defense Laser. Then, the protection of the hull was deprioritized and replaced with a lightweight aluminum alloy. The two-man turret was also replaced with an unmanned remote weapon system to carry a full fireteam of Cossack infantry.
Like the other results of the Future Armor Program, the armored vehicles are chiefly manufactured in the St. Kvasov Industrial Yards in New Krasnoyarsk.
The Type 319 "Sergeyev" IFV features a large troop capacity of seven infantrymen on top of the three crew. The thin armor and RWS turret are largely to accredit this feat, while the pressuring of the Department of War to have it hold the swollen Cossack fireteam would be another major factor. Passengers are able to enter and exit through a hydraulic rear-facing ramp.
Unlike the Type 300 "Rostov", the Type 319 IFV has actual provisions made for the application of the Ustinov Pattern, which is a multi-spectral camouflage system based around radar reflectant/absorbant netting, visually disrupting camouflage patterns, and small Peltier plates to control thermal emissions. This camouflage system can be neatly attached around the entirety of the vehicle due to inconspicuous hooks around the hull that allow for easy attachment.
Based on the Korf-Type Remote Weapon System turret are two six-barreled smoke grenade launchers, which air burst and help block the vehicle on the visual and infrared spectrums.
The "Sergeyev" uses a fully stabilized and digitally controlled WURCo. 27mm MVPL-03 main gun based on the center of the Korf-Type Remote Weapon System turret capable of firing 250 rounds a minute on 'Lo' setting (upwards of 550 rpm on 'Hi' setting), with 200 rounds stored ready to fire in the turret with another 200 rounds stored underneath the cabin floor in an ammunition compartment. It can effectively engage targets over 1,600 meters away, such as destroying APCs and other lightly-armored vehicles. The Korf-Type Remote Weapon System is controlled via a display for the gunner, which lists relevant information and tactical notifications to the operator. The WURCo. 27mm MVPL-03 represents a stark improvement from the Suvorov IFV, whose suppressive capability relied on the high explosive rounds of a 20mm autocannon-- a design not pursued in the Type 319. Thus, the "Sergeyev" possesses a superior platform of supporting infantry and suppressing enemy positions, using anti-infantry high-explosive and armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds. Apart from infantry suppression, the autocannon also serves as a light vehicle deterrent and an anti-aircraft gun in limited roles.
The secondary armament consists of a gimballed 12.7mm CMG-28 machine gun based on the top of the turret, replete with 600 rounds of ammunition; and four WK-23-O ATGM tubes, located in a quad-pack to the right side of the turret.
The WK-23 underwent development to break free from manually painting the target continuously into a viable, fire-and-forget missile. Instead of entirely SACLOS guidance, the missile merely requires SACLOS commands delivered from the crew and systems of the IFV to acquire a target, then utilizes automatic target tracking (computerized interpretation of electro-optical, imaging infrared positioning and acquisition) to acquire and engage the target. As it is fire-and-forget, a salvo can be launched to overwhelm active protection systems. Like its infantry-mobile counterpart, it is equipped with a tandem-charge HEAT warhead intended to defeat explosive reactive armor. The missile, based off the WK-23-I, has armor penetration values of 1,100-1,300mm RHA equivalency with a range of 8,300 meters.
The Type 319 "Sergeyev" IFV is equipped with a Papakha Sniper Countermeasure, which consists of a sturdy mast on the rear of the vehicle that uses an array of small microphone sensors to detect and measure both the muzzle blast and supersonic shock wave from a bullet travelling through the air, then using its differently place sensors to calculate the distance, elevation, and direction of the shooter in under one second. This information is routed to the commander, which receives the range, azimuth, and elevation of the target and may respond if they necessary. The Papakha works in extreme weather, in open field and in urban environments, whether static or moving. It is stated that false shot detections are less than one per thousand hours of system operation at vehicle speeds under 50 miles per hour. The system can also be used for early warning of certain aircraft, particularly loud, low-flying helicopters or subsonic fixed-wing aircraft. The system maintains effectiveness up to 8 kilometers away.
For situational awareness, the commander has a 360o fully stabilized periscope sight with six different zoom stages offers a direct glass optic link to either the commander or the gunner. The periscope also offers an optronic thermal vision mode and a wide-angle camera with three zoom stages to assist the driver, as well as a laser range finder. The gunner optics are mounted coaxially to the main gun, which also includes an optronic day sight and laser range finder. An image intensifier is available for the driver, as well as a display of all the optronic image feeds. The passenger compartment offers the infantrymen two displays of the rear exterior, where they would deploy.
The Type 319 also includes the use of an Auxiliary Power Unit to reduce idle time fuel consumption, increase gas mileage, and maintain the crew's access to surveillance.
The armor of the Type 319 mostly consists of aluminum alloy that allows for relative lightness and protection from all directions from 14.5mm AP rounds. However, the underbelly is composed of a ceramic composite capable of resisting most roadside explosives, with protection levels from mines most comparable to a low-level mine-resistant vehicle. The frontal turret, likewise, is composed of a lighter composite to improve the protection of the RWS, giving it around 180mm of RHA equivalency. WRCO-92T Explosive Reactive Armor modules are compatible, typically applied along the frontal arc for increased protection. The interior of the hull has a liner of aramid fibers to protect the crew and equipment from spalling.
The interior of the Type 319 is environmentally regulated, with an HVAC maintaining proper ventilation and comfortable temperatures. In case of a chemical attack, all hatches are able to be sealed (including rear infantry door) to prevent toxins from entering, and filtration methods ensure the air inside the vehicle is safe to breathe. The environmental system also ensures the interior is positively pressurized, as to vent air outwards rather than take on exterior atmosphere in case of a breach. If equipped, a plastic expandable airlock can be equipped to extend out from the infantry ramp, with decontamination methods stored onboard for the infantry complement. The hull incorporates some radiation-resistant materials, which help protect the crew from a distant nuclear attack. The nuclear/radiological defense can be improved via the application of damp or outright wet sandbags.
Spysa Active Protection System
The Spysa APS consists of a spread of soft-kill measures linked with chaff, infrared and laser dazzlers, and a laser-based hard-kill mode linked to an MMW radar that tracks incoming projectiles. The laser hard-kill is mounted on the turret, while other components are spaced across the sides of the hull. The Spysa uses an FS-624 Joint Infrared Detector and Dazzler to detect and disrupt infrared lock-ons and guidance from threats such as infrared-guided air-to-ground payloads or anti-tank guided missiles. A laser detector and associated chaff system function in the same vein as the anti-infrared system, except disrupting line-of-sight missiles by detecting the target painted on the vehicle and dispensing chaff to break the lock. When a low-velocity projectile whose impact cannot be averted by soft-kill measures, such as an unguided rocket-propelled grenade or recoilless rifle, the Spysa-632 system steps in, delivering a concentrated blast of energy. This will in most cases vaporize, deflect, or destroy the airframe of an oncoming projectile.
Because of the Spysa Active Protection System, the New Krasnoyarsk Vehicle Design Plant saw fit to decrease the armor in favor of mobility and troop space, as during most scenarios where the IFV is used properly, the "Sergeyev" will likely be faced with threats like infantry-based recoilless rifles and ATGMs, both of which are countered by the soft- and hard-kill systems of the Spysa.
To this end, the Type 319 becomes a nearly indomitable force in urban combat and infantry support.
The Type 319 was envisioned to keep pace with both the other vehicles in the Future Armor Program, so that they would be nearly complementary on the battlefield. As a result, the Type 319 can maintain 66 kilometers an hour with a WURCo. PDPA-850 870 horsepower diesel engine (in the water the engine is capable of producing 1,478 horsepower), as well as 31 kilometers an hour over water using two water jets located on the lower rear sides of the hull. It has a maximum range of 523 kilometers on land, and 120 kilometers on water.