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by The Most Serene Republic of Montevento. . 101 reads.

EDUCATION | Most Serene Republic of Montevento

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HOME | INFORMATION | GOVERNMENT | FOREIGN AFFAIRS | TOURISM | DEFENSE | ECONOMY | EDUCATION
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Ministero dell'Educazione
e della Cultura

Ministry of Education and Culture of the Most Serene Republic of Montevento
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>> GENERAL INFORMATION

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀Education in Montevento⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

⠀Ministry of Education and Culture⠀

Minister⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

Rodolfo Vicario
(Partito Rosso)

Budget

% of GDP⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

9.38% (2019)
ƒ29.96 billion

General details

Primary
languages

Italian
Spanish
English

System
type

Public
Private

Literacy

Total⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

99.9% (2017)

Male

99.8%

Female

99.9%

Education in Montevento is considered one of the fundamental pillars of every human being, essential for the proper development of a responsible and productive citizen committed with his country. As a direct result of this, education has been the centre of attention of the different governments of the Republic regardless of their political ideology, traditionally receiving the highest budgets, which even many times come to be considered as exaggerated if the population of Montevento and the number of active students is taken into account

The State ensures universal access to education to all citizens of the country, being education completely free at all levels and compulsory until the basic cycle of education ends, generally from the age of 6 to 18, although this may vary according to the student's abilities. Since 1926 education has also been completely secular, being religious education banned in all public schools and universities. Education is also available to children of all nationalities who are residents in Montevento.

Monteventani education is divided in four stages: Kindergarten (scuola dell'infanzia) from ages 2 to 4, primary school (scuola primaria or scuola elementare) from ages 5 to 11, secondary school (scuola secondaria or scuola media) from ages 12 to 18 and tertiary education or university (università or scuola superiore).

Typical school in Montevento
There is both a public education system maintained entirely by the State and a private education system, which must abide by the general provisions issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture to ensure the universality of educational quality throughout the country. Private educative institutions are, according to the Constitution of Montevento, exempt from all taxes.

Currently, Montevento enjoys one of the highest literacy rates in South America, with no appreciable difference in literacy rates between males and females. The proportion of children of primary school age enrolled in school has long been virtually 100 percent, while 91% of young people between 12 and 18 years old are enrolled in secondary level institutions. 64% of the population attend or have attended to an university, while 47% have a university degree of some kind. Women have slighter higher university enrolment than men, but are far more likely to graduate, as around 71% of all women that start attending to an University end up graduating while only 58% of men do.

As of 2019, Montevento had a total of 958.644 registered students across the four different levels of education and 62.297 teachers and professors. Teaching is a socially respected profession and one that is paid relatively well. Most teachers, trained in teachers' training colleges, are deemed very well qualified.

Montevento is also a leader in online education, having several programs to ensure the access to computers to every child, teenager and young adult registered as a student, as well as internet access. As of 2018, 53% of all educational services and courses offered in Montevento had an online version and 94% of all students had completed at least one online course throughout their educational career. Computers are also a common tool used in classrooms, slowly replacing text books and notebooks and incorporating modern resources to classes, such as videos, video-conferences, recordings and games.



>> PRIMARY EDUCATION

A school classroom in San Giovanni
The scuola elementare seeks to provide students with the basic and essential knowledge to be able to face higher educational levels and to have a level of general knowledge acceptable to be an independent citizen capable of functioning in today's world. The students are given a basic education in Italian, English, mathematics, natural sciences, history, geography, social studies, computer science and physical education. Some schools also offer Spanish or French, musical arts and visual arts.

It is structured in a total of 6 different grades, starting at the age of 5 and ending at the age of 11, although most of the students attend pre-primary education centres (scuola dell'infanzia) at younger ages, where children are prepared to have a greater degree of independence from their parents in preparation for the hours they will be away at school and a better coexistence with other children to avoid behaviour problems, as well as focusing in on emotional development, movement and control of body habits, communication and language, and positive body image.

In general, students attend schools from Monday to Friday for a total of four hours in a schedule that can be in the mornings or in the evening (according to the parents' preference), with half an hour of recess. There are also full-time schools, in which students stay in them for a total of 7 hours with two breaks of half an hour each. In all public and private schools in the country students are provided with a free lunch on a daily basis.

Generally, most of the educational activities are carried out during the hours dedicated to attending to the educational centres, rarely assigning tasks to the students to do at home.

The primary school also has a large number of workshops, which are usually held weekly and seek to teach children from a very early age values ​​such as tolerance, respect for the environment and animals, and responsibility. Many of these workshops also seek to explore and deepen aspects such as imagination and creativity, as well as artistic capabilities like singing, acting, dancing, writing and painting.



>> SECONDARY EDUCATION

Secondary education (scuola secondaria or scuola media) in Montevento lasts for another 6 years, from the ages of 12 to 18 and is divided in two stages, each of three years: Basic Cycle (Ciclo basico) which is common for all students and lasts roughly from the ages of 12 to 15, and the Advanced Cycle (Ciclo superiore), which is organized in five different orientations specialized in certain areas of knowledge. The institutions where classes of this level are given are known as "Liceos" (Lyceum).

The Monteventani secondary education can be done in person in conventional schools or it can be done in a "flexible" mode, in which the student can carry out a large part of their learning remotely online. This last option is generally used by those young people who must work during the day and cannot afford to attend classes during their normal hours, allowing them not to abandon their studies. It is also widely used by adults who have not finished their studies when they were younger and seek to resume their education.

The basic cycle is designed to provide students with the theoretical and practical bases that they will need to access to the advanced cycle. During each of its three grades, students must complete a series of mandatory subjects as well as a minimum of 3 extra subjects denominated as "electives", which they can freely choose from according to their preferences and interests.

According to the study plan approved by the Ministry of Education and Culture in 2016, the list of subjects that must be offered to students during the basic cycle in all educative institutions are the following (private institutions may even offer more subjects):

Subject(s)

Area of knowledge

Type

Grade

Online version

Italian Language

Basic Formation / National Language

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

English Language

Basic Formation / First Foreign Language

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Spanish Language

Basic Formation / National Language

Elective

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Monteventani Sign Language (MSL)

Inclusive Language

Mandatory

✓ Partially

Advanced Monteventani Sign Language (AMSL)

Inclusive Language

Elective

2°, 3°

✓ Partially

Computer Science

Basic Formation / Technology

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

Technology

Elective

2°, 3°

✓ Available

Mathematics

Mathematical and Physical Sciences

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Physics

Mathematical and Physical Sciences

Mandatory

2°, 3°

✓ Partially

Scientific Culture (Introduction to the Scientific Method)

Basic Formation

Elective

✓ Available

Monteventani & World History

General Culture / Social Sciences

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Classical Culture

General Culture / Social Sciences

Elective

2°, 3°

✓ Available

Geography

General Culture / Social Sciences

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Sex Education

Life Sciences / Human Behaviour

Mandatory

✓ Available

Civic Education (Basic Law, rights and obligations of citizens)

Basic Formation

Mandatory

✓ Available

Preparation for Adult Life (personal finances, paperwork, work & family)

Basic Formation

Mandatory

2°, 3°

✓ Available

Biology

Life Sciences

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Chemistry

Life Sciences

Mandatory

2°, 3°

✓ Partially

Environmental Studies

Life Sciences

Elective

2°, 3°

✓ Available

Physical Education (P.E.)

Human well-being

Mandatory

1°, 2°, 3°

✘ Not offered

Artistic Drawing

Arts

Elective

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Partially

Music

Arts

Elective

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Partially

Literature

Arts

Elective

1°, 2°, 3°

✓ Available

Scenic Arts and Dance

Arts

Elective

✘ Not offered

Liceo N°34, Montevento's biggest public secondary school
During the advanced cycle, students are divided by orientations that they can choose according to the area of ​​knowledge to which they want to dedicate themselves in the future. Each orientation has a series of compulsory subjects different from those of the other orientations, according to the area in which said orientation specializes. Each orientation also has a set of unique elective subjects, which the student can freely choose.

• Natural Sciences: Focuses on the generalities of the natural sciences, seeking to give the student all the necessary tools to perform basic tasks in the area of ​​science and allow them to access advanced courses within the area of ​​biology, chemistry, physics or geography. Laboratory work is an integral part of the education process for those students who decide to opt for this orientation.

• Health Sciences: It is very similar to the "natural sciences" orientation, with which it shares a large number of compulsory subjects. However, it specializes even more in the area of ​​medicine, seeking to teach the student the basic notions to perform tasks in hospitals, pharmacies and health care centres.

• Social Sciences: It deals with the social aspects of the human being. In this orientation the student can specialize in history, philosophical thought, culture, sociology, and languages. It is also based on the study of the laws and regulations that govern Montevento.

• Engineering: It focuses on mathematics and calculations, seeking to introduce the student to the world of engineering. It provides students with all the basic tools that they will later need to be able to access university careers related to engineering, teaching the student to have a critical and technological thinking, focused on the invention, improvement and development of techniques and tools to satisfy the human needs.

• Art and Expression: It explores the most artistic area of ​​the human being, focusing on different areas such as the study of literature, painting, dance and music, as well as other more modern disciplines such as cinema, photography and graphic design.

• Economy and Administration: Educates students in everything related to business administration, as well as aspects related to the market, trading, economics and accounting. It has a very strong mathematical component, although unlike other orientations, it is aimed at aspects such as taxes, fees, interests and collection methods.


>> TERTIARY EDUCATION

University education in Montevideo is offered free of charge at the Università Pubblica di Montevento (UPM - Public University of Montevento), which is also the most prestigious university in the country and also the biggest, although it is also possible to access to tertiary education through private institutions. The Public University of Montevento was founded in 1844 in the city of Nuova Firenze and since then, it offers its services completely free of charge to all citizens of Montevento without any distinction, with branches in multiple parts of the country in order to cover the entire population.

Once secondary education is approved, those students who wish to continue their education at the Public University of Montevento must take the "University Aptitude Exam", which is carried out annually in February in all cities of the country. This test seeks to evaluate the general knowledge of the person and their abilities to face university life and does not evaluate any specific knowledge nor does it require prior preparation on the part of the student. In order to be accepted into the UPM, the student must obtain at least 60% of the exam correct. Annually, around 28,000 people take the exam, of which around 80-90% manage to pass the required threshold to be admitted to the UPM. Those who fail the exam may take it again as many times as they want to.

The UPM is completely autonomous from the central government of Montevento in order to guarantee the independence of the knowledge that is imparted in it, being governed by a system of co-government between teachers, students and graduates, who select the highest authority of the institution, the Rector of the University, a position held since 2020 by Marianella Spalla, the first woman to hold this position since the creation of the University.

The University, in cooperation with the government, also offers various social plans to assist underprivileged students and ensure that they can complete their studies through scholarships, student canteens, community libraries, access to computers and the internet and even a home for those who must travel from remote parts of the country to attend classes, most of which are also offered online.

Currently, the UPM is divided into a total of 15 faculties and several schools and institutes, each of which specializes in a specific area of ​​knowledge, offering among all of them a total of more than 150 different university degrees which are recognized in the entirety of Montevento and in some foreign countries, such as the member states of the European Union (as stipulated by the EU-Montevento Trade & Education Agreement).

Faculty/School/Institute

Main degrees offered

Dean/Director

Locations

⠀⠀► ARTISTIC AREA

National Institute of Arts

Plastic and visual arts, Photography, Painting,
Graphic design, Musical interpretation, Digital and Electronic Art

Director Lorenzo Teodoro

San Giovanni

⠀⠀► AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

Faculty of Agronomy

Agricultural Engineering, Food Engineering

Dean Cristian Di Laura

San Giovanni
Villa Pioviosa

Faculty of Veterinary

Medicine and Veterinary Sciences, Animal Production

Dean Letizia Santella

San Giovanni
Villa Pioviosa

⠀⠀► HEALTH SCIENCES

Faculty of Nursing

Nursing

Dean Valeriana Sarli

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Medicine

Doctor in medicine, Human biology, Medical cosmetology
Physiotherapy, Pathological anatomy

Dean Lucio Gasbarro

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Dentistry

Doctor in Dentistry, Laboratory Dentist

Dean Nicola Drago

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Psycology

Bachelor in Psychology,
Social and Educational Inclusion, Clinical psychology

Dean Camilla Mira

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

⠀⠀► SOCIAL AND HUMAN SCIENCES

Faculty of Economic and Administration Sciences

Certified Public Accountant, Administration,
Economy, Statistics

Dean Fabiano Martino

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Social Sciences

Political science, Sociology
Social work, Social Development

Dean Luisa Pietrantonio

San Giovanni

Faculty of Humanities and Education Sciences

History, Philosophy, Linguistics,
Anthropological Sciences, Sign Language Interpretation and Translation

Dean Valentina De Canio

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Law

Advocacy, Notary, International relations,
Translator, Labor Relations

Dean Susanna Pavon

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Communications

Communication, Library science,
Archivology

Dean Salvatore Lolli

Nuova Firenze

⠀⠀► SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

Faculty of Architecture

Architecture, Landscape Design, Industrial Design,
Integral Design

Dean Guido Barbaro

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Sciences

Biological Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences, Physics, Geography
Geology, Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development

Dean Matteo Gioffre

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Engineering

Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical engineering,
Naval Engineering, Mechanical Industrial Engineering, Production Engineering

Dean Eugenio Minelli

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze

Faculty of Chemistry

Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Chemical Engineering,
Clinical Biochemist, Oenology

Dean Massimiliano Samperi

San Giovanni
Nuova Firenze


Faculty of Engineering


Faculty of Law


Faculty of Chemistry


Faculty of Psycology


>> TEACHERS & PROFESSORS

Scuola Nazionale d'Insegnamento in
Nuova Firenze
Primary & Secondary School

The process to become a primary or secondary school teacher is one of the most difficult tasks in Montevento, but it brings enormous prestige if accomplished, in addition to one of the highest salaries in the country (a Monteventani teacher earns on average ƒ 6,000 per month, while the national average is ƒ 3,500). Once someone becomes a teacher, it is also difficult to keep being one, since they are kept under strict evaluation by other peer teachers, teachers of higher ranks and by the students themselves. Unlike what happens in other countries, there are not more female teachers than male teachers in Montevento.

The institution in charge of educating teachers is the Scuola Nazionale d'Insegnamento (National School of Teaching), which has its headquarters in Nuova Firenze, but also has numerous branches in other cities of the country. To be accepted in this institution, it is necessary to have a university degree of any kind, and have an average grade greater than or equal to 10 (the maximum grade in Montevento is 12). Once accepted, students must choose to specialize in an area of ​​knowledge, in which they wish to become teachers, while also receiving training in aspects such as communication, social integration, didactics, language (all teachers must have fluent knowledge of Italian, English and Monteventani Sign Language), use of technology, pedagogical methods and work ethic.

From the second year of education to become a teacher, the student is assigned a "field job" that is not economically remunerated, becoming the assistant of a teacher who has already completed his education and is working in a school or high school of the country. Because of this, most Monteventani children actually have two teachers per subject, and not one. Typically, the assistant takes care of simple tasks, such as helping students with basic questions, taking care of administrative matters, and occasionally teaching students on simpler subjects. As the assistant gets closer to completing his education, the assigned tasks tend to increase in difficulty.

Once a person officially becomes a teacher, a period called "permanent training" begins. During this period, the teacher is allowed to impart classes on a regular basis in the country's educational centers, but must regularly take and complete refresher courses in different areas. In addition, teachers are regularly evaluated through visits by inspectors from the Ministry of Education and Culture. Such visits are more frequent and thorough during a teacher's first few years of work, and become more infrequent as the years go by.

At the end of the school year, all students of a teacher are presented with an evaluation test, where each student must rank their teacher on a scale of 1 to 12 in aspects such as "clarity of explanations", "educational methods", "relationship with students", "fairness" and "quality of the course". The answers are completely anonymous and are sent directly to the Ministry of Education and Culture, and are never delivered directly to the teacher being evaluated. If the teacher receives an average grade lower than 6 in any of the evaluated areas, he could receive a warning from the Ministry, and if this situation happens repeatedly, he may even be fired. Teachers also have to evaluate each other, usually by checking the materials and methods used by a fellow teacher, and suggesting ways in which they could improve. In general, these evaluations are used to give the teacher feedback on how he is performing his job, but as stated above, can sometimes lead to teacher being fired if enough deficiencies are found.


>> TESTING AND GRADING

Monteventani children taking an exam
at a school in San Giovanni
Testing

The Monteventani evaluation system differs from most of the rest of the world. In general, the practice of testing using exams is regarded as outdated, with very few exceptions such as the "University Aptitude Exam". In general, students are evaluated through projects that must be carried out throughout the courses, such as research projects in which knowledge acquired during the courses is applied, or the resolution of technical problems that arise in each class, as well as oral class participation. More advanced students are often given internship jobs, which aim to give the student practical experience and places to put into practice the things that have been taught.

In those cases where the only viable way to evaluate a person's knowledge is through a written test, the student always has full access to textbooks, the internet, or any other resource that the person taking the test may consider relevant, although time is heavily restricted (for example, a test in which a student would normally be given 2 hours to make in other countries, will only take 1 hour in Montevento). This particular way of conducting written exams is due to the fact that it is intended that people really learn the contents of the course, and not that they memorize said contents. According to the Monteventani logic, a person who does not have the necessary knowledge to pass an exam will spend a lot of time looking for an answer, either on the internet or in textbooks, and will not have enough time to answer the entire exam, while a person who has enough knowledge about the contents of the exam will be able to answer everything quickly and efficiently, stopping only to look for minor details or particular things that should not take up much time.

In addition, the ability of a person to distinguish between false and true information found on the internet, the media, texts, etc., is also tested using this evaluation system, as it is considered that a person who does not have enough knowledge to pass an exam will be much more prone to copying erroneous information found in unreliable sources. As a result Monteventani students tend to have a great ability to distinguish reliable from unreliable information and to select reliable sources, being much more resilient to current phenomena such as "fake news" and internet scams.

Grading

Montevento uses the same grading system for all levels of education. The way to evaluate a student is by means of a scale that goes from 1 (lowest grade) to 12 (highest grade), although there is also a grade "0", which is only given when a student does not submit an assignment, submits a completely blank exam or refuses to do it (if a student delivers an exam with absolutely everything wrong, the student will be awarded a 1, and not a 0). It is common for teachers to use decimal marks (such as 9.5 or 10.2), but these marks are always rounded to the nearest whole number at the end of the course to inform a final mark (marks ending in .5 are rounded always to the next lowest whole number). All grades below 6 are fail grades, and grades equal or greater than 6 are pass grades.


>> "UNO STUDENTE/UN COMPUTER" POLICY


Two Monteventani students using
Uno/Un computers at their home

The "Uno Studente/Un Computer" program, or Uno/Un for short, is Montevento's program to provide every student in the country with a personal computer. The use of computers in the country for educational purposes has been in increasing advance for more than 10 years, to the point that the use of them has become practically a necessity for any student. More and more textbooks, programs, and general material are presented to students via computers, which has greatly decreased the amount of material that students have to deal with, as well as the amount of paper they have to use. In addition, they are widely used during exams and classes to access several resources, like videos, audios, songs, learning games and more.

However, access to computers was not uniform throughout the country when their use began to become popular in classrooms, since the poorest families had great difficulties in getting access to them, as did residents of small towns or isolated localities. This was in itself a challenge for the educational system of the country and in response to it, in 2007, during the government of Dogaressa Veronica Greco, the Uno/Un program was introduced with the aim of distributing laptops to all students in the country, regardless of their economic situation, starting with students of primary education, and then extending to secondary education (2010) and finally to University (2017), as well as all the teachers in the country.

To date, the Uno/Un program has delivered a total of 2,500,000 laptops and 750,000 tablets to more than 900.000 students across the country, achieving access to computers for virtually 100% of the students and teachers. Since 2015, the program has also a partnership with Montecom, the biggest internet provider in the country to ensure no-cost internet access throughout the country for all holders of an Uno/Un computer. As of 2019, results include increased self-esteem in students, improved motivation of students and teachers, and active participation by parents (94% approve of the program according to a national survey).

The educational plan of Uno/Un tries to create the technological resources, improve teacher's formation, the creation of suitable content and the social and familiar participation. Uno/Un Project has several strategic principles: equity of knowledge, equal opportunities for children and youth, and the provision of tools to learn not only knowledge given by the school, but also knowledge that the child can learn by him or herself by exploring the vastness of information that can be accessed by a computer. Uno/Un computers are equipped with internationally proven filters that block adult content sites and other undesirable websites that can be harmful for children, but, controversially, Uno/Un computers given to university students and advanced secondary education students do not have these filters, since it is considered that the target population of these computers is already mature enough to decide for themselves what content to consume.

Since the project's launch up to this day the Computers that are part of this program keep being improved and changed. Currently, the computers being distributed by Uno/Un are common laptop models with slightly more frail case (to reduce their costs) with a storage capacity of 60 GB and 2.4 GHz Dual Core CPUs. All computers are equipped with a free access operating system, along with various programs such as text editors, spreadsheets, presentation programs, etc., also of open access.

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Republic of Montevento | © 2021
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