Janbulat the Ambitious becomes the Mamluk Sultan
Janbulat unites the smaller states of Medina, Ramazan, Najd, Haasa, Dawasir, Fezzan, Shammar, and Anizah under the Mamluk Sultanate
Mamluk Conquest of Karaman
Mamluks expand into Iraq
Dawasir and Eretna united under Mamluk banner
Aden, Hadramut, and Mahra unite under Mamluk banner
Mamluk Conquest of Yemen
Mamluk Defense of Oman against Sindh
Mamluk Conquest of Oman
Further Mamluk Expansion into Iraq
Mamluks form alliance with Venice
North Malayan Alliance formed with Brunei, Tondo, Cebu, Maguindanao and Sulu
Bruneian Conquest of Kutai
North Malayan Alliance broken; Cebu declares war on Madyas, and Tondo joins Madyas while Sulu and Brunei join Cebu
Makassar and Tidore subjugated by Brunei and become vassals
Mamluk Conquest of Yemen
Defense of Venice
Administrative reforms and renewal of Abbasid Caliphate creates The Abbasid Caliphate and Cairene Sultanate of Arabia from the Mamluks and the Abbasids of Cairo
Ethiopian Empire goes into decline
Arabian conquest of Medri Bahri and vassalage of Harar
Karaman and Mzab vassalized
1st Arabian Conquest of Anatolia
Ottoman Decline begins
Arabian expansion into Syria
2nd Arabian Conquest of Anatolia
3rd Arabian Conquest of Anatolia
Constantinople falls to Arabia
Arabia forms alliance with Brunei
Bruneian Expansion into Sulawesi, South Borneo, and Australia.
Bruneian War of Succession during Abdal Qahar’s reign
Maguindanao betrays and invades Sulu, Brunei intervenes and Maguindanao is annexed by Sulu
Spain colonizes the Philippines (1521)
Unsuccessful Sulu invasion of Butuan
Bruneian Conquest of the Malay Peninsula
Bruneian Conquest of Malacca and Java
Crown Prince of Brunei dies in battle, leaves Hafeeza Bolkiah as only child
Sultan of Malaya dies, pretender rises in Kutai
Javanese separatists rise up in Java
On August 21, 1624; Hafeeza ascended to the throne as Sultana
Hafeeza crushes Javanese revolt, enacts mass forced conversion
Hafeeza defeats Pretender and ends Malayan Civil War
Spain begins to create colonies across America, expelling many minorities to such colonies; many of which include Moriscos, or the force converted Muslims of Andalusia
Arabia forms alliance with Poland
Arabian expansion into Syria
1st Arabian Conquest of Ethiopia
Arabian expansion into India
2nd Arabian Conquest of Ethiopia
1st Arab-Persian/Polish-Nogai War. Overwhelming victory for Arabia and Poland. Arabia gets all of Khuzestan.
3rd Arabian Conquest of Ethiopia
4th Arabian Conquest of Anatolia + Bulgaria
Liberation of Greece from Ottoman rule
Abolition of Slavery in Arabia
Bruneian Malaya established following Hafeeza’s Conquest of Java
Malayan, Siamese and Spanish Conquests of Sumatra
Morocco assures protection of Muslim countries in the Americas
2nd Malayan Conquest of Sumatra
Alliance between Siam, Dai Viet, Sulu, Cebu, and Malaya is formed; called the Alliance of the Five Houses
Spain begins to notice the Morisco Muslim population in their colonies and attempts to stamp them out
Arabian expansion into India/Pakistan + Khorasan
5th Arabian Conquest of Anatolia
Venetian-Arabian Conquest of Greece
6th Arabian Conquest of Anatolia
Expansion into Africa
2nd Arab-Persian War
Battle of Rafsanjan occurs in 2nd Arab-Persian War; where ¾ of the Arabian Army is wiped out by a smaller Persian force
Omar Alvarez, Abraham de Medina, Adan Berrada flee the Morisco colonies and go to the Abbasid Caliphate.
Malayan Conquest of Java
Malaya attempts expansion into Americas
Portugese, Dutch, Spanish, and British Empire join coalition against Malaya
Malaya abandons colony in fear of the coalition
British Empire expands further into India and Indochina, inciting conflict with Siam
The Alliance of the Five Houses joins war against British Empire
Malaya signs treaty with British Empire following devastating losses in the Battle of the Malacca Strait, leaving the Alliance to deal with Britain by themselves
Dai Viet expansion into Canton
USA gains independence
Malaya leaves the Alliance of the Five Bolkiahs after signing a peace treaty with the British Empire. Siam loses Bengal.
1st Arab-Genoese War
Suez Canal begins construction
Arabia industrialization begins
Tunisian Conquest of Sicily
Rapid Arabian expansion into Africa
Suez Canal completed
2nd Arab-Genoese War
Arabia, Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia heed the call of the Moriscos and support them in their wars of independence in the Spanish-Islamic Wars
Revolutionary Morisco Republics established.
More expansion under Cemal the Conqueror before entry into decline.
On December 31, 1846; the Arabian Empire under Sultan Cemal the Conqueror, would launch an invasion of Kurdistan. At the time, it was under the protection of the Persian Empire; and to deter Persian intervention, Arabia called in all its allies, including Malaya under Raiz Zafar. Seeking to test Malaya's new military capabilities, and to prove to the world in a great display of power Malaya's ability to hold its own, Raiz Zafar was enthusiastic to join Cemal's Conquest of Kurdistan. Furthermore, several other powerful nations joined Arabia; such as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Venetian Republic, as well as the Morisco Republics of Algharb and Alfida.
In fear of facing so many powers at once, the Persian Empire backed out its protection of Qara Qoyunlu, and simply allowed Arabia to conquer and annex it.
On October 28, 1855; tensions between Siam and Malaya would finally erupt into full-blown war between the two. While Malaya was able to swiftly occupy the Siamese portion of Sumatra, the terrain of Siam made it difficult for the Malayan army to proceed further.
Furthermore, Dai Viet joined Siam against Malaya; and their combined might numbered thrice that of Malaya's, giving them a significant land advantage. However, Malaya's navy was far larger, more advanced, and generally more experienced than that of the Bolkiah Alliance. This proved to make the war excruciatingly difficult for both sides, prolonging it until August 20, 1861.
Following the eruption of the Bolkian War in Southeast Asia, the 6th Fitnah would erupt in Arabia. The Circassian Mamluks would wrestle power from the Arab majority and the Abbasid Caliph and move the center of power from Egypt to Circassia, resulting in a massive civil war.
Spain seeing opportunity, began to make plans to invade the Arabian Maghreb during the 6th Fitnah.
Spain sold the Philippines to Malaya and Sulu and signs a non-aggression pact.
As the 6th Fitnah continues, Spain and Persia would lead incursions into the Maghreb and Southern Persia respectively; taking territory from Arabia in the middle of its civil war.
The 6th Fitnah ends on September 1857, in the Islamic Month of al-Muharram. The Abbasid Caliphate is abolished, and the Mamluk Sultan Fatih declares a monarchy with himself as both caliph and sultan.
Revolts against Venetian and Polish overlords result in the liberation of the Balkans during the years of 1857 and 1860 respectively.
In 1862, Fatih's successor, Arslan; invaded the Balkans. Due to the lack of industrialization however, Arabia was severely lagging behind in terms of technological advancements and poorly prepared for war against European nations; being easily beaten back by a coalition of Balkan nations and their supporters.
On February 19, 1887; Omer would succeed Tarik as Sultan. Like the reign of Arslan and his successor Tarik, Omer's was that of stagnation and decline. However, unlike his predecessors; Omer made attempts to reconcile Arabia with the dissatisfied Arab majority, and modernize alongside the West. Due to his attempted reforms however, he would constantly butt heads with some powerful Mamluks
The Propaganda Movement begins - a period of time when native non-Bruneian Malayans were calling for reforms, lasting approximately from 1880 to 1886 with the most activity between 1880 and 1895, as a direct result of a globalized book trade. European ideas, ideologies, and tactics poured into the Bruneian Empire inspiring several separatist movements critical of monarchism and absolutism.
Famines in Russia killed between 375,000 and 400,000 and affected millions more throughout the 1890s, rapid industrialization in rural Europe culminated in the popularization of communist ideas which spilled over to Asia and the Americas as well.
The idea of a Tagalog identity unifying the peoples of Central Luzon under a “Tagalog Nation” is first expressed by independence writer Dr. Yusuf ar-Rijal (Jose Rizal), who states that “Tagalog or, stated more clearly, the name "tagalog" has no other meaning but "tagailog" which, traced directly to its root, refers to those who prefer to settle along rivers, truly a trait, it cannot be denied, of all those born in Bangsatagalog, in whatever island or town.”
In January, 1892, the Katipunan or Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Supreme and Venerable Association of the Children of the Nation), a Philippine independence movement, was founded. Members stockpile arms and agitate for freedom from their Malayan occupiers.
In May, 1896, a delegation was sent to Emperor Meiji of Japan in order to solicit funds and military arms. The Katipunan's existence was revealed to Sulu authorities after a member named Teodoro Patiño revealed the Katipunan's illegal activities to his sister, and finally to an Imam in Mandaluyong. This forced the movement into adapting a guerilla doctrine, with separate chapters in Mindoro and Panay.
On December 30, 1896, Dr. Yusuf ar-Rijal, falsely charged with the crime of leading the Katipunan is executed in Bagumbayan.
In 1898, a democratic independence movement of Central Luzon Filipino peoples, the Fatherland Republic of the Tagalog Peoples (Haring Bayang Katagalugan or the Tagalog Republic) declared secession from the Kesultanan Besar of Sulu on the 7th of July following a decisive military victory against its occupiers at the Battle of Tondo. Under the command of a certain General Emilio Aguinaldo, over 3,200 ill-prepared Sulu troops werw routed by some 2,000 meagerly-equipped rebels, who forced their occupiers into the fortress-city of Kota Selurong.
On the 15th of August, the Tagalog movement, branding itself as the first ever Republic of the Philippines, convened in the town of Tejeros to elect its first cabinet. General Aguinaldo was elected its first President, while democratic idealist Apolinario Mabini was elected its first Prime Minister. The First Philippine Republic became the first unitary elected constitutional democracy in Asia.
On August 29, Sulu forces launched an ill-advised counter-attack at Camaya from across Manila Bay. 1,000-2,500 Malayan fighters were either killed or captured.
A rectification offensive was announced by President Aguinaldo on September 31st. The Republican Army marches from its camp in Paombong, Bulacan to as far Northward as Bangui in a series of decisive victories against the Imperial forces of Sulu.
In December, Sulu forces attempted to break the encirclement around Kota Selurong one more time, but severe flooding slowed down the offensive and led to another decisive Philippine victory.