OF WEST FLORIDA
Coat of Arms
40% ROMAN CATHOLIC
NATIONS COMPRISING YN
‣ HEAD OF STATE
WHEREVER THE DRIVER WANTS
ISO 3166 code
.Cmy, .Oan, .gov, .Fl
REPUBLIC OF WEST FLORIDA
The Republic of west Florida is a medium sized nation located on the continent of Norland. It has a medium sized government that is capable of running the government, and is headed by a president, elected by the president.
The republic of west Florida was formed after the West Florida Revolution, where the Spanish empire in Florida crumbled. After the war west Florida was the poorer nations in North America, and relied on foreign nations for manufactured goods.
The Republic of West Florida has a population of 12 million people and a population density of 76 people per square mile
The republic of West Florida was named after the Spanish word for flower, which was Floridia, and the Floradain word west, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German west, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek hesperos, Latin vesper ‘evening’.
Politics and Government
The republic of west Florida has a presidential system of government. With a President, A Legislature called the General assembly, and a federal court system, its government is medium sized.
The Executive, Legislative & Judiciary Departments, shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers of the other, nor shall any person exercise the powers of more than one of them at the same time except that the Judges of the Inferior Courts & Justices of the Districts shall be eligible to the Congress.
2d. The legislative Authority shall be composed of 550 members & be called the Congress.
3d. The Members of the Congress shall be elected by the inhabitants of this Republic as pointed out by this Constitution.
4th. Every person of 16 years of age and every soldier who has taken an active part in our Revolution, or shall have been a resident in the Republic one year, and will swear or affirm that he considered West Florida his only and actual place of residence at the commencement of the Revolution shall be duly qualified to vote agreeable to this Constitution for the Congress and President.
5th. All Volunteers who may have been engaged in the Revolution with the people of West Florida, shall at the fall or surrender of Baton Rouge be entitled to all the privileges of free Citizens of the Republic.
6th. The Republic of West Florida shall be divided into 550 districts , to be drawn by a committee of congress, with each district sending 1 congressman..
7th. No person shall be eligible to a seat in Council unless he is of the age of twenty one years and hath been a resident for 1 year.
8th. The Congress shall be chosen at a station set up in each district on the twenty fifth of July each year and shall assemble on the twenty seventh each year at the fort above Baton Rouge and at such other times and places as they may think necessary and not less than 2 thirds of the Congress shall constitute a quorum for doing business, but a less number may attend and adjourn from day to day & compell the attendance of absent members.
9th. No Bill or Resolve of the Council shall be a law and have force as such until it shall have been laid before the President for his revisal, and if he upon such a revision approve thereof, he shall signify his approbation by signing the same, but if he have any objections to the passing such bill or Resolve he shall return the same together with his objections thereto in writing to the Council who shall enter the objections made by the President on the Records and proceed to reconsider the said Bill or Resolution, but after such reconsideration, two thirds of the Council present shall notwithstanding said objection agree to pass the same it shall have the force of law.
10th. The Council shall have full power & authority to erect and constitute Judicatures and Courts of record or other Courts to be held in the name of the Republic for the hearing, trying and determining all manner of crimes, offenses, pleas, processes, plaints, actions, matters & things whatever arising or hapening within the Republic, or between or concerning persons inhabiting, residing, or brought within the same, whether the same be commercial or civil, and whether the said pleas be real, personal or mixed and for the awarding and making out Executions thereupon to which Courts and Judicatures are hereby given and granted full power and Authority from time to time to administer oaths or affirmations for in the better discovery of truth in any matter of controversy or depending before them.
11th. And further, full power and authority is hereby given and granted to the said Congress from time to time to make[,] ordain & establish all manner of wholesome & reasonable orders, Laws, Statutes, and ordinances and instructions either with penalty or without, (so as the same be not repugnant to the Constitution) as they shall judge to be for the welfare and happiness of the Republic, and for the Government and ordering thereof, and of the subjects of the same and for the necessary support and defence of the Government thereof, and the forms of such oaths and affirmations as may respectively be administered unto them for the Execution of their several offices and places, so as the same be not repugnant to the Constitution of this Republic, and to impose and Levy proportional, and reasonable assessments[,] rates and taxes upon all the inhabitants of, and persons resident within the said Republic and also to impose & levy reasonable duties and Excises upon any produce, goods, wares, Merchandize & Commodities whatsoever, brought into, produced, manufactured, or being within the same, to be issued & disposed of by warrant under the hand of the President of this Republic, with the advice and consent of the Congress, for the public service, in the necessary defence & support of the said Republic & the protection & preservation of the Citizens thereof, according to such acts as are & shall be in force within the same.
12th. The Congress shall be a Court with full authority to hear and determine all impeachments made by the petition of any fifty of the people of the Republic against any officer or officers of this Republic for misconduct or maladministration in their office. But previous to every impeachment the members of the Council shall respectively swear truly and impartially to try & determine the charge in question, according to ordinance. Their judgment however, which must consist of at least two thirds of the members present, shall not extend further than removal from office under this Republic, but the party so convicted shall be nevertheless liable to indictment, trial judgment & punishment according to the laws of this Republic or those of the United States.
13th. The Congress shall appoint a President from their own body, and shall judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members & may determine the rules of their own proceeding, punish their members for disorderly conduct, and with the consent of two thirds of the Members present expel a Member.
14th. The Members of the Congress shall take the following oath, I do solemnly swear that I will give my vote on all questions that may come before me as a representative of the people, in such a manner as in my judgement may best promote the good of this Republic, & that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same & to the utmost of my power, observe, support, & defend the same.
15th. All Officers immediately attached to the Government of the Republic, as Secretary, Treasurer etc. and all officers attached to the Judiciary, as Judges of the Superior and Inferior Courts, Justices of the Peace[,] Attorney General, Sheriff & Coroner, Shall be chosen by the people in election.
1st. The Executive of the Republic of West Florida shall be vested in a President who shall hold his Office for a period of 3 years; he shall be elected by a majority of the voters present, and at the same time and in the same manner, as the Congress; and should no person have a majority of the voters present, the Congress shall have full power to elect him by ballot provided that he is not a member of their own body.
2d. No person shall be eligible to the Office of President who shall not have achieved the age of 25.
3d. In case of death, resignation[,] disability or necessary absence of the President the President of the Congress shall exercise the Executive powers of Government until such disability or necessary absence be removed.
4th. He shall be Commander in Chief in and over the Republic of West Florida, and of the Militia thereof. He shall have power to grant reprieves for offences against the Republic, except in cases of impeachment, and to grant pardons in all cases after conviction except for Treason or murder, in which cases he may respite the execution, and make a report thereof to the Congress, by whom a pardon may be granted.
5th. He shall issue writs of Election to fill all vacancies that may happen in the Congress, and shall have power to convene the Congress on extraordinary occasions and shall give them from time to time information of the state of the Republic, & recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem necessary & expedient.
6th. He shall have the revision of all bills, resolves and appointments passed by the Congress before the same be valid or become a law, but two thirds of the Congress present may pass a law or make an appointment, notwithstanding his dissent, or should not inform the Congress within three days after the same shall be presented to him the same shall be considered valid as if it had received his signature.
7th. The great seal of the Republic shall be deposited in the Office of Secretary & it shall not be affixed to any instrument of writing without it be by order of the President & Congress.
8th. All persons who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust before entering on the Execution thereof shall take the following oath or affirmation, I do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) that I will to the best of my abilities discharge the duties of the Office to which I am appointed & preserve, protect & defend the Constitution of this Republic.
9th. The trial by Judge and freedom of the press shall be held inviolate.
10th. All persons shall be entitled to the benefits of the writ of Habeas Corpus.
1st. The Congress shall have power to confirm all the resolutions and ordinances of the constituted authority which have or may be passed prior to the session of the Congress.
2d. No person who hath been convicted of felony before any Court of the Republic, shall be eligible to any office or appointment of honor[,] profit or trust within this Republic.
3d. The Congress with the advice & consent of the President, shall have power in all cases to make reasonable compensation to all Public Officers in such manner as they may by law direct.
Oscar Kelly, President
Oliver Sanford, Secretary
the president is directly elected, and having the power to veto laws and can dissolve the parliament at will, represents the country at foreign events, appoints and heads the cabinet, appoints Justices to the federal courts and commands the armed forces.
The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprise the offices and agencies that support the work of the president at the center of the executive branch of West Florida’s federal government. The EOP consists of several offices and agencies, such as the Executive Mansion staff (the staff working directly for and reporting to the president, including Bunker staff and the president's closest advisers), the National Security Council, and the Office of Management and Budget. Some of these play a very important role in the implementation and regulation of public policy.
The Department of Sports (DS) was created upon the approval of Executive order No. 604 issued by then President William Cummingham in December 10, 1974. This led to the abolishing of the west Florida Amateur Athletic Federation in 1975 with the west Florida Olympic Committee succeeding the PAAF.
The general assembly is made up of 550 Members, fashioned as members of the assembly, which is elected by the people of 11 provinces, which are each divided into 50 counties, and has the power to make laws, confirm Presidential appointments and approve treaties.
- The Federal Court
The federal court system is made up of 3 levels of courts, the Supreme Court, the Appeals court, and the district court.
The district court being the lowest, and the Supreme Court the highest
Economic Policies and Structure
The West Floridan economy, worth 50 million Dollars a year, is led by the Beef-Based Agriculture industry, with significant contributions from Tourism, Uranium Mining, and Arms Manufacturing. Average income is 64,900 Dollars, and evenly distributed, with the richest citizens earning only 4.8 times as much as the poorest.
Cultural Practices and Norms
Great Britain established West and East Florida in 1763 out of land acquired from France and Spain after the French and Indian War. As the newly acquired territory was too large to govern from one administrative center, the British divided it into two new colonies separated by the Apalachicola River. British West Florida included the part of formerly Spanish Florida which lay west of the Apalachicola, as well as parts of formerly French Louisiana; its government was based in Pensacola. West Florida thus comprised all territory between the Mississippi and Apalachicola Rivers, with a northern boundary which shifted several times over the subsequent years.
Both West and East Florida remained loyal to the British crown during the American Revolution, and served as havens for Tories fleeing from the Thirteen Colonies. Spain invaded West Florida and captured Pensacola in 1781, and after the war Britain ceded both Floridas to Spain. However, the lack of defined boundaries led to a series of border disputes between Spanish West Florida and the fledgling United States known as the West Florida Controversy.
Because of disagreements with the Spanish government, American and English settlers between the Mississippi and Perdido rivers declared that area as the independent Republic of West Florida in 1810. (None of the short-lived Republic lay within the borders of the modern U.S. state of Florida; it comprised the Florida parishes of today's Louisiana.) Within months it was annexed by the United States, which claimed the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. In 1819 the United States negotiated the purchase of the remainder of West Florida and all of East Florida in the Adams–Onís Treaty, and in 1822 both were merged into the Florida Territory.
The area known as West Florida was originally claimed by Spain as part of La Florida, which included most of what is now the southeastern United States. Spain made several attempts to conquer and colonize the area, notably including Tristán de Luna's short-lived settlement in 1559, but it was not settled permanently until the 17th century, with the establishment of missions to the Apalachee. In 1698 the settlement of Pensacola was established to check French expansion into the area.
Beginning in the late 17th century, the French established settlements along the Gulf Coast and in the region as part of their colonial La Louisiane, including Mobile (1702) and Fort Toulouse (1717) in present-day Alabama and Fort Maurepas (1699) in present-day coastal Mississippi. After years of contention between France and Spain, they agreed to use the Perdido River (the modern border between Florida and Alabama) as the boundary between French Louisiana and Spanish Florida.
Before 1762 France had owned and administered the land west of the Perdido River as part of La Louisiane. A secret treaty in 1762 had effectively, upon being revealed in 1764, ceded to Spain all of French Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, as well as the Isle of Orleans. Notably, Spain failed to make good by occupancy its title to Louisiana until 1769, when it took formal possession. For six years, therefore, Louisiana as France possessed it, and as Spain received it, included none of the West Florida territory between the Mississippi and Perdido rivers, as the title to that territory passed immediately from France to Britain in 1763, following its defeat in the Seven Years' War.
Under the treaty concluding the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War) in 1763, Britain obtained immediate title to all of French Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. This included the land between the Perdido and Mississippi rivers. Spain also ceded to Great Britain its territory of La Florida, in exchange for Cuba, which the British had captured during the war. As a result, for the next two decades, the British controlled nearly all of the coast of the Gulf of Mexico east of the Mississippi River. Most of the Spanish population left Florida at that time, and its colonial government records were relocated to Havana, Cuba.
Under Spanish rule, Florida was divided by the natural separation of the Suwannee River into West Florida and East Florida.
Finding this new territory too large to govern as one unit, the British divided it into two new colonies, West Florida and East Florida, separated by the Apalachicola River, as set forth in the Royal Proclamation of 1763. East Florida consisted of most of the formerly Spanish Florida, and retained the old Spanish capital of St. Augustine. West Florida comprised the land between the Mississippi and Apalachicola Rivers, with Pensacola designated as its capital. The northern boundary was arbitrarily set at the 31st parallel north.
Many English Americans and Scotch-Irish Americans moved to the territory at this time. The Governor of West Florida in November 1763 was George Johnstone; his lieutenant governor, Montfort Browne, was a major landowner in the province who heavily promoted its development. Seven General Assemblies were convoked between 1766 and 1778.
In 1767, the British moved the northern boundary to the 32° 22′ north latitude, extending from the Yazoo to the Chattahoochee River, which included the Natchez District and the Tombigbee District. The appended area included approximately the lower halves of the present states of Mississippi and Alabama. Many new settlers arrived in the wake of the British garrison, swelling the population. In 1774 the First Continental Congress sent letters inviting West Florida to send delegates, but this proposal was declined as the inhabitants were overwhelmingly Loyalist. During the American War of Independence the Governor of West Florida was Peter Chester. The commander of British forces during the war was John Campbell. The colony was attacked in 1778 by the Willing Expedition.
Spain entered the American Revolutionary War on the side of France but not the Thirteen Colonies. Bernardo de Gálvez, governor of Spanish Louisiana, led a military campaign along the Gulf Coast, capturing Baton Rouge and Natchez from the British in 1779, Mobile in 1780, and Pensacola in 1781.
In the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which ended the war, the British agreed to a boundary between the United States and West Florida at 31° north latitude between the Mississippi and Apalachicola Rivers. However, the separate Anglo-Spanish agreement, which ceded both Florida provinces back to Spain, did not specify a northern boundary for Florida, and the Spanish government assumed that the boundary was the same as in the 1763 agreement by which they had first given their territory in Florida to Britain. This sparked the first West Florida Controversy. Spain claimed the expanded 1764 boundary, while the United States claimed that the boundary was at the 31° parallel. Negotiations in 1785–1786 between John Jay and Don Diego de Gardoqui failed to reach a satisfactory conclusion. The border was finally resolved in 1795 by the Treaty of San Lorenzo, in which Spain recognized the 31° parallel as the boundary.
Spain continued to maintain East and West Florida as separate colonies. When Spain acquired West Florida in 1783, the eastern British boundary was the Apalachicola River, but Spain in 1785 moved it eastward to the Suwannee River. The purpose was to transfer the military post at San Marcos (now St. Mark's) and the district of Apalachee from East Florida to West Florida.
In the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1800, Spain agreed to return Louisiana to France; however, the boundaries were not explicitly specified. After France sold the Louisiana Purchase to the United States in 1803, another boundary dispute erupted. The United States laid claim to the territory from the Perdido River to the Mississippi River, which the Americans believed had been a part of the old province of Louisiana when the French had agreed to cede it to Spain in 1762. The Spanish insisted that they had administered that portion as the province of West Florida and that it was not part of the territory restored to France by Charles IV in 1802, as France had never given West Florida to Spain, among a list of other reasons.
George Patton is a military general who holds the real power in West Florida
Map Taken from here
Original template by The brytish isles. Template is found here.