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DispatchAccountDiplomacy

by The Unified Socialist Republic of Eothasia. . 40 reads.

Government | Eothasia

The Eothasi government is the national government of the Unified Eothasi Socialist Republic. It is composed of seven Popular Republics, and a federal district in which the nation’s capital of Valtoria resides. It has a clear division of power in legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with power vested by the Eothasi Constitution in the Imperial Senate, the Federal Conclave, and the Eothasi Judiciary, respectively. Additionally, each branch can create a number of committees, departments, and sub-courts to carry out their duties.

As said above, the Imperial Government is divided into three different branches, ensuring in this way the division of power between the institutions that make up the Eothasi State. The first such power is the legislative branch, which is bicameral in the UESR and consists of an upper house —which is the Federal Council and has 84 councillors— and a lower house —which is the Diet of the Republic and is made up of 650 senators—. The second branch is the executive branch, which is composed of the College of Ministries, which divides the competences of the federal government, as well as the Federal Conclave, the triumvirate which is Head of Government and, in part, Head of State, as well as the Imperial Throne. The last branch of the Imperial State is the judicial branch, which, in its many courts, must ensure that both Government (and its institutions) as well as persons (both juridical and natural) abide by the laws approved by the legislative branch and, most importantly, the Popular Constitution, which acts as the supreme law of the Eothasi legal framework.


The People’s Government


OVERVIEW

State

Unified Eothasi Socialist Republic

Formed

14 April 1913

Leader

Federal Conclave

Appointed by

[1] Lord and Lady
Regents appointed by
elections

[2] Federal College appointed
by Federal Conclave

[3] Shadow College
appointed by Imperial Opposition.

Main Organ

College of Ministries

Ministries

18

Headquarters

Imperial Palace

Budget

LinkClick to View Documentation

Government

Parliamentary
Agreement [Lab/Soc/Com]

Opposition

SocDem Party


INCUMBENT GOVERNMENT

Rt. Hon. Lady Regent

Lady Eve Grace

Rt. Hon. Lord Regent

Lord Valerius Eäron

Rt. Hon. Lord Regent

Lord Manfred Leitzke

Government

The Federal Conclave has been the executive branch of the Republic since its establishment. It is composed of three individuals appointed to the positions in a rotational manner via elections.

The actual political executive power of the Republic is the Federal Conclave proper. The Federal Conclave is made up of three different individuals, each known as a Lord or Lady Regent. Each of the three regents govern for terms of six years, but these are not each in line with the other. Instead, the Eothasi population must choose every two years whether to replace or maintain one of the regents, which will have by then reached their six years of term. In that moment, the other two regents will have four and two years respectively since they were elected to their positions (or, alternatively, revalidated for their position).

Though the three regent are the same in their responsibilities and power, they oftentimes take specialisations into different fields. For instance, one regent may be more specialised in economics and trade than the others, while another may be more interested in the field of scientific research. They then split the Federal Conclave’s ministries as they see fit, and organise themselves to have each of them coordinate the ministry heads of those ministries that they most wish to coordinate (with certain ministries being necessarily split to avoid accumulation). Regardless of the fact that this may make a minister speak more with one regent as opposed to the others, any regent can make any intervention in any of the ministries and bring any topic to light in the Federal Conclave, or at the weekly meetings of the College of Ministries, at any given moment.

In order for a candidate to be presented to the elections, they must be sponsored by at least one political party that has at least thirty seats in the Imperial Senate. The elections are a single-phased system, allowing for maximum efficiency. This phase is one in which the citizenry votes for all candidates in a ranked-choice based electoral system. The first candidate, as lower candidates are removed, to reach 50%+1 or higher of the total vote count is the victor of the elections.

The daily enforcement and application of federal laws is in the hands of the federal ministries, such as that of the Foreign Office or Defence Ministry. These are created by the Federal Conclave with specific jurisdictions, whether they be national or international. Currently, there are 16 ministries in this council, each representative selected exclusively by the Federal Conclave (although frequently, there are recommendations by the Imperial Senate).

Apart from these ministries, there are also independent agencies, such as the Imperial Stellar Initiative, the Secret Intelligence Service, and others.

MINISTRY

MINISTER

APPOINTED

FUNCTION

Ministry of Arts, Culture and Sports

Séverin Marek

3 January 2019

Promote and defend arts and culture in Eothasia and promote physical activity and sports.

Imperial Office of Auriel

Her Imperial Majesty, Empress Cordelia

3 January 2019

Coordinate the Citadel of Aurelian Faith, both nationally and internationally, with assistance from the rest of the Imperial government.

Ministry of Defence

Lucie Waltz

3 January 2019

Organise the defensive structure of Eothasia to ensure internal and external security.

Ministry of Ecological Protection

Edgar Fournier

3 January 2019

Take measures to ensure the ecological protection of the Eothasi environment and guarantee their execution.

Ministry of Economy, Industry and Business

Grete Beckenbauer

3 January 2019

Work in conjunction with labour environment to establish rules and regulations that are appropriate for each economic situation to ensure maximum vitality.

Ministry of Education

Emily Dreschner

3 January 2019

Organise educational curricula and coordinate with schools, universities, colleges and others for maximum reach.

Ministry of Energy and Transportation

Éloïse Busch

3 January 2019

Organise energy grid and transportation grid to ensure access for all Eothasis.

Imperial Foreign Office

Clara Ludwig

3 January 2019

Coordinate with foreign countries and governments to continue to grow and handle international relations.

Ministry of Health and Social Services

Viktor Cloyd

3 January 2019

Coordinate National Health Service and Social Services to ensure protection of all vulnerable citizens and residents.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Development

Günter Specht

3 January 2019

Handle the construction, maintenance, and upgrade of all housing and urbanisation projects in Eothasia.

Imperial Home Office

Cassandra Koch

3 January 2019

Organise internal security protocols and other domestic tasks.

International Trade and Tourism Office

Céline Schröter

3 January 2019

Handle international deals, trade, tourism incentives, and other subjects dealing with international economics.

Ministry of Justice

Sabrina Geissler

3 January 2019

Reduce re-offending and protect the public, provide access to justice, increase confidence in the justice system, and uphold people’s civil liberties

Imperial Office of Governance and Imperial Affairs

Anne-Marie Michaud

3 January 2019

Organise and handle expenditures, scheduling and other tasks for the Federal Conclave and the Imperial House.

People’s Treasury

Otto Lévêque

3 January 2019

Organise and structure the financial integrity of the Imperial budget.

Imperial Rural Office

Laurence Windsor

3 January 2019

Organise agricultural production and organisation on a national scale.

Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation

Théodora Neumann

3 January 2019

Incentivise scientific research and provide grants, funds, and donations.

Ministry of Work and Migration

Estrella Aguado

3 January 2019

Publish labour regulations, protect the working class and secure positive governmental reaction to migration.


LXXXIX Imperial Senate


OVERVIEW

State

Unified Eothasi Socialist Republic

Formed

14 April 1913

Type

Bicameral

Committees

221

Meeting Place

Capitolium

President of the Council

Councillor Zella Lorentz

President of the House

Senator Léonard Lachapelle


STRUCTURE

Seats

650 senators—84 councilors

Federal Council

LinkClick to View Document

Diet of the Republic

LinkClick to View Document


ELECTIONS

Federal Council

Plurinominal

Diet of the Republic

Uninominal

Last elections

May 4, 2017

Imperial Senate

The Imperial Senate is the legislative branch of the Unified Eothasi Socialist Republic. It is a bicameral organism composed by the chamber of the Diet of the Republic, which acts as the lower house, and the Federal Council, which acts as the upper house.

The Diet of the Republic is an uninominal constituency system. The entire country is divided into 650 constituencies; each constituency proposes one candidate to the Diet of the Republic, which will act as that constituencies’ particular representation in this body. There are currently ten political parties represented in the Diet of the Republic and seven in the Federal Council. These are the: Labour Party, Socialist Party, Communist Party, People’s Party, Party for Social Democracy, Popular Party, Liberal Party, Liberal Democrats Party, National Party and the Unity Party. In the Federal Council, the Liberal Party, Liberal Democrats Party, National Party and Unity Party all formed an electoral coalition, thus becoming the National Liberal Coalition. The parties of the Federal Council are the: Labour Party, Socialist Party, Communism for Eothasia, People’s Party, Party for Social Democracy, Popular Party and the National Liberal Coalition. All of these parties, as per the electoral results they obtain and the number of seats given by the electoral system, obtain subsidies from the State for their organisation. Members of the Diet of the Republic are voted directly by the citizens of the country. These elections occur once every five years and the entirety of the Diet of the Republic is up for vote at the same time.

Meanwhile, the Federal Council is a space for representatives of the different governments of the country. Each of the seven Popular Republics is divided into a number of provinces (named Communes) which total 27 between the seven of them, plus the state of Valtoria for a total of 28 represented states in the Federal Council. Each of these communes selects three candidates to participate in the Federal Council as councilors and represent the interests of their respective communes in the upper house of the legislative branch. As such, the Federal Council consists of a total of 84 selected members; these members are selected by the government of the Popular Republic for which the commune pertains; as such, regions like Espinar have a total of only six representatives, Valtoria has three representatives, whereas Aterni has eighteen representatives and Venza another fifteen. For a further explanation, please visit Imperial Senate.

It must be noted that the right to vote is obligatory in the Unified Eothasi Socialist Republic. Any Eothasi (or foreigner in the case of local elections) must present themselves to vote at any and all elections, as it is considered a civic duty in the Republic. Failing to comply with this is sanctioned by either a mild fine or a slightly higher percentage of withheld tax. Furthermore, the federal government has strongly pushed for the creation and maintenance of a civil society to integrate the people into the country’s governance, in allegiance with the various political parties of the State. In terms of the structure of the elections themselves, they are undertaken using ranked-choice voting to ensure maximum representation of the will of the People in the Senate.

    [1] Legislature. The Imperial Senate is the key branch for the creation and passing of new laws in the Republic. They must be approved by a simple majority in the chambers in order for the law to be approved, requiring the Governors’ signature. Should they veto the bill, the Imperial Senate can choose to override the veto, requiring absolute majority.

    [2] Approval of College of Ministries Members. Though it is not explicitly necessary (and, indeed, members can be appointed to the Council without approval), it is tradition for the Senate to vote and approve the appointments made by the Governors for Council members.

    [3] Federalisation. Though theoretically an article exists within the Eothasi Constitution under which the Imperial Senate assume control of all similar powers in all Popular Republics, habitually this is not undertaken; each Popular Republic is able to exercise their own powers over their jurisdiction (insofar as it does not contradict federal laws issued by the Imperial Senate).

    [4] Appointment and Impeachment. The Imperial Senate are the bodies that ratify the ascension of a new Governor to the Council. Furthermore, it retains the right to impeach and remove any and all federal officers from government. The two chambers serve different functions for this process; the Imperial Senate must first initiate and impeach the officer in question, and the Senate must then undergo a trial process under which the individual is removed from office if it so demands. The impeachment requires a majority in the Imperial Senate, whilst removal from office requires 60% majority in the Senate. In the existence of the Republic, no federal officer has been impeached or removed by the Imperial Senate.

    [5] Committees. The Imperial Senate retains the right to create and establish committees and subcommittees for the undertaking of its duties, such as drafting legislation and policies, conducting investigations into national matters, etc. As of 3:55 A.U. (2036 C.E.), the number of committees operating under the Imperial Senate supersedes two hundred.

The Imperial Senate also distinguishes certain MPs with an additional title, being that of Primagister. The Primagisters are a set of up to one hundred noteworthy members of the Imperial Senate that are selected to be potential candidates to replace a Regent in the event of one’s perishing. Officially, they hold no additional powers over their colleagues in the Imperial Senate, and are habitual members in government. As such, they are permitted all the rights as well as the obligations of all members of the Imperial Senate. The voting for primagisters is simple: there is a maximum of 100 members that are given this title. Upon one perishing (or in the event of there being vacancies and a particular member of the Imperial Senate presents a petition to be promoted into the Primagisters), all members undergo a voting process.

In the event of one member perishing or the Imperial Senate deciding to fill a vacancy (as it is habitual for there to be at least 90 primagisters in the Imperial Senate at any given time), any (or all) members of the Imperial Senate can present themselves for promotion into the group. In the event that the number of candidates supersedes 10, a voting process will be undertaken to determine the 10 members with the most support in the Imperial Senate. A second vote will then be undertaken; if one single member obtains a minimum of 50% of the vote plus one (or above 40% with at least 10% advantage over the next candidate), they are admitted into the Primagisters. In the event this is not the case, the first two members will proceed to a third voting process in which one of the two must be triumphant.

In the event of a candidate presenting themselves to a vacancy of their own accord, the Imperial Senate will hold a voting process that must secure at least 60% of the support of the Imperial Senate in order to be admitted.

History

Following the end of the conquest of the Eothasi peninsula by the Aterni Empire, the country experienced years of incredible economic growth and military prowess, demonstrating to various countries across the world the might of the Imperial military. However, there were deep social problems embedded in the country, as the Eothasi government was largely representative of the interests of the original Aterni territory instead of the whole of Eothasia. This changed with Empress Duvaineth.

Empress Duvaineth rose to power in 1674 and was the first empress that sought to restructure the country in order to allow for a more truthful representation of the country and its diverse territories. Though it was a popular move within the Eothasi populace as a whole, the citizens of the Aterni Empire believed it was a diminishing of the power that was rightfully theirs as conquerors of the peninsula. Despite this, Empress Duvaineth eventually proceeded to found the United Eothasi Kingdoms, which was an evolved version of the Aterni Empire that attempted to include all the territories of Eothasia.

This was the first introduction of the modern system of legislative branch existent today in the UESR. However, because of the social tensions in the beginning of the 20th Century that advocated for a socialist movement, the exact system was changed with the Popular Constitution of 1913. In this system, the legislative branch was changed: instead of being unicameral, it would recuperate the bicameral structure, thus representing both the will of the people and the territorial necessities of the country. This eventually established the current structure of the Imperial Senate.

Though there have only been 27 Imperial Senate and 62 Royal Senate, the official count of the Imperial Senate sums both of these. As such, the incumbent legislature is known as the 89th Imperial Senate.

In the late 17th Century, after the official selection of Valtoria as the capital of the newly formed United Eothasi Kingdoms, the construction of the Capitolium —the building where, to this day, the Imperial Senate convene for sessions— began. It was completed by 1701 and the first session was held on 10 May, 1701 by the 6th Imperial Senate.

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