Self Government: April 23, 1907 - 1930, 1957
Current Constitution: May 17, 1965
Head of State
(Sovereign): Monarch (King)
Residence: Royal Palace of Fort Charlotte
Meeting Place: Buildings of Parliament, Fort Charlotte
Government: Prime Minister
Main Body: King's Privy Council for Serpens Land
Leader: President of the Privy Council
Main Organ: Cabinet
(King on the Bench)
Court: Supreme Court
The Government of Serpens Land, or officially His Majesty's Serpens Land Government is the governing body responsible for the administration of Serpens Land. The current style of government was established on May 17, 1965 when Serpens Land reinstated the monarchy. The core of the government is Serpens Land Crown. All power in the Serpens Land Government comes from the Crown, and it is the foundation of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches of government. The monarch (currently King Edward II) is the head of state. The prime minister (currently Karter Preston) is the head of government invited by the Crown to form a government after aquiring confidence (support from the majority of the house) from the House of Commons, which is typically done through a general election. Generally in an election, the leader of the party with the majority of seats in the house of commons becomes the prime minister. If a party does not win the majority of seats, but still has more seats than any other party, then it is called a minority government. In a minority government, the ruling party must retain confidence from the house. If the House of Commons looses confidence in the ruling party, a vote of non-confidence can be called which can lead to a general election.
>>USAGE OF THE TERM "GOVERNMENT"
In Serpens Land English, the term "government" refers to both the set of institutions that govern the nation and to the current political leadership. The term "Crown" is also used to refer to the government and entities owned by the government. An example would be "Crown land" or "Crown corporation".
Born: 21 April 1958
Reign: 6 February 1976 – present
Spouse: Queen Victoria of Serpens Land
Heir apparent: Princess Mary, Governor General
As per the Constitution Act adopted in 1965, Serpens Land is a constitutional monarchy, meaning the role of the monarch is both legal and practical, but not political. The current monarch of Serpens Land is King Edward II.
In order to pass any legislation, Royal Assent in required as part of the royal prerogative. Royal prerogative is the power belonging to the monarch vested in the government. The monarch in theory has the power to refuse any legislation passed by parliament, though in practice this is almost never heard of except in a dire political emergency or upon the advice of the government. Royal prerogative also includes summoning, proroguing, and dissolving parliament in order to call an election. It is also includes the negotiation of treaties and alliances, international agreements, declaration of war and issuing passports.
The government is defined as the monarch acting on behalf of his/her privy council. However, the privy council rarely meets in full. Most of the day to day running of the government is exercised by a sub group of the privy council called the Cabinet. The cabinet is made up of the prime minister and other senior ministers that form the government.
One of the main duties of the monarch is that a democratic government is always in place. This means appointing a prime minister to lead the cabinet. In practice the prime minister is typically the leader of the political party with the majority of seats in the House of Commons. If no one party has the majority of seats, the leader of party with the most seats or one supported by the majority of the House of Commons is appointed.
The Buildings of Parliament in Fort Charlotte
The legislative branch is the branch of government responsible for voting on and passing laws. It is made up of three parts; the monarch, the House of Peers and the House of Commons. Although not specified in law, in practice the House of Commons is the dominant body with the House of Peers and the monarch rarely going against it's will. The purpose of the House of Peers is to provide a "sober second though" to legislation passed by the House of Commons. Once a bill has been passed by both houses, it is given Royal Assent by either the monarch or the governor general.
Elections for the House of Commons are held every 5 years. The 120 members of the House of Commons - called Members of Parliament (MPs) each represent a local electoral district called a riding and are directly elected by voters. The candidate with the plurality of votes in each riding represents their respective riding in parliament. Each riding contains roughly 100,000 people. The governor general, on advice from the prime minister appoints members of the House of Peers - called Peers. There are 50 seats in the house of peers with 10 members coming from each local council regardless of population.
To run for a seat in the House a Commons, a candidate must be at least 18 years old. When elected a Member of Parliament keeps their seat until parliament is dissolved, after which they may seek re-election. There are no limits for the amount of time a Member of Parliament can stay in office.
To become a Peer, you must be at least 21 years old and own property worth at least £3000 in the council you represent. Peers hold their seat until they turn 70. To be appointed to the House of Peers, you have to have served your community or done some other act that benefited your community or Serpens Land as a whole. For example, scientists and mathematicians who are experts in their field are often appointed to the House of Peers to advise parliament in matters relating to science and mathematics.
Recently, there have been movements to replace the appointed system of the House of Peers with a more democratic system. Some have suggested that a system be implemented where each province votes for 10 Peers using proportional representation.
The court system makes up the Judicial Branch of the Serpens Land government. It is the Judicial Branch's job to interpret and scrutinize the law. There are four levels of court in Serpens Land. The highest level is the Supreme Court; the next is the Appeals Court which hears appeals from the High Court; the High Court deals with serious criminal and civil offences, and hears appeals from the lower courts; and the Magistrates' court which is where all criminal and civil proceedings start. If one is not happy with a courts judgment, they can appeal to the higher court.
>>Current Political Parties in the House of Commons
Forms His Majesty's Government
Name: Liberal Conservative Party
Party Leader: Karter Preston - current prime minister
Current seats: 75
Ideology: Conservatism, fiscal conservatism, economic liberalism
Political Position: Centre Right
The Liberal Conservatives plan to decrease taxes on small businesses, and increase tax incentives for large corporations within Serpens Land. They also plan to remove taxes on inheritance. They plan to privatize many government owned businesses including the Serpens Land Postal Service. They plan to reach carbon neutrality by the year 2050.
Forms His Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition
Name: Labour Party
Party Leader: Marcus Le Blanche
Current seats: 22
Ideology: Social democracy
Political Position: Centre left
The Labour Party is the main opposition party in the Serpens Land House of Commons. If elected, they plan on introducing a tiered tax system, with higher income earners paying larger taxes. They plan to re-nationalize Eastern Power, Serpens Land's main electricity generation company. They also plan on investing more on alternative energy research. The Labour Party plans to reduce military spending to 3.5% of the GDP, a decrease from the current 3.9%. They plan to reduce carbon emissions to 70% of 1990 levels by the year 2050.
Name: Reform Party of Serpens Land
Party Leader: David Smith
Current seats: 16
Ideology: Classical liberalism
Political Position: Centre
If elected, the Reform party will continue to support the current system of flat taxes. The Reform Party supports a universal basic income in place of the current welfare system. They plan to maintain the current amount of military spending. They support lowering trade restrictions. The Reform Party has not announced a plan to reduce carbon emissions. They plan to reform the House of Peers, making the house elected instead of appointed.
Name: Green Party
Party Leader: August Clarence
Current seats: 7
Ideology: green politics, democratic socialism
Political Position: Left wing
Although, the Green Party was originally formed as a party for green politics, it has transformed into a broadly left wing party. They support stronger regulations for businesses regarding carbon emissions, and will strive to ban all gasoline powered cars by 2040. They plan to reduce Serpens Land's reliance on nuclear power and transition into alternative energy generation techniques.
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