Updated: March 2021
It is estimated that Serpens Land and it's surrounding islands were inhabited by humans around 65,000 years ago. They most likely crossed the North Mesder sea using small sailing canoes and navigated using stars and waves. The oldest known human remains found in Serpens Land have been dated 45,000 years ago, although there has been earlier evidence of human presence on the island. These people are the ancestors of the modern day Native Serpens Landers or Serpans Peoples. The Serpans Peoples have a complex oral culture with it's roots in the first group of humans that arrived in Serpens Land.
By the 16th century the Serpans Peoples had split into multiple tribes spread across the island. Sometimes the tribes would cooperate with one another, and sometimes they would fight. Wars between Serpans tribes were fought with sharpened sticks called u'meas. U'meas were not just used as a weapon. It was said that an u'mea contained one's sole, and if lost in battle or otherwise, the owner's sole would be forever lost after death.
The first Europeans known to have reached Serpens Land were the British explorer John Eaton and his crew in 1723. The Serpans People were friendly to Eaton and his crew, allowing them to come ashore. Europeans would not return to Serpens Land again until 1778 when another British explorer James Lonsdale mapped the coastline of Serpens Land. Lonsdale traded European food, metal tools, weapons and other goods for timber, Serpans food, artefacts and water. Nine years later in 1787, Lonsddale arrived once more, this time setting up a fort on the south island called Fort Charlotte and a trading post.
Due to the introduction of European weapons, the Serpans tribes began to wage longer and deadlier wars with one another. These wars were known as the Serpans Wars and killed over 50,000 Serpans Peoples from 1790 to 1832. At around the same time, Christian missionaries began arriving to Serpens Land converting most of the Serpans population.
On April 23, 1907, Serpens Land became a dominion within the British Empire. Since then, April 23 is celebrated every year, and known as Dominion Day. The Constitution of the Dominion of Serpens Land was drafted, and passed with overwhelming popularity. Along with responsible government, the office of the Governor General was created. At this time, Governor General was the representative of the British monarch in Serpens Land. It was also at this time that the first elections were held in Serpens Land. All European adult men were allowed to participate in elections held every four years.
Along with mainland Serpens Land, the new Dominion government was given authority over the territories of the Westmoor Isles, Diachen, and the North Mesder Islands. These territories were governed directly by the Dominion government, and had little to no say in their affairs.
Throughout the beginning of the 20th century the settlers of the northern part of Serpens Land grew increasingly distant from the ruling class in Fort Charlotte. Beginning in 1908, thousands of settlers known as the Erodesians began to trek north to escape what they saw was a corrupt bureaucratic Dominion government. They quickly formed settlements dotting the Serpens Land frontier. In 1911, the Serpens Land government agreed to establish the Erodesian Protectorate. While still under the sovereignty of the Dominion government, the Erodesians gained more autonomy from Serpens Land.
Many Erodesians were not contempt with the Erodesian Protectorate and wanted even greater autonomy inducing the power to decide foreign policy. In May 1914, a group called the Edrium Republican Front (ERF) lead by Thomas S. King began attacking British and Serpens Land troops stationed in Broadway. By May 22, ERF rebels had managed to push the British and Serpens Land forces out of the city, where they declared an independent republic. Other Erodesian cities followed suit with rebellions sparking up across the Erodesian Protectorate. On June 5th, 1914, then Prime Minister of Serpens Land Archibald Gardener invoked martial law within the protectorate. When Serpens Land troops attempted to reoccupy areas of the protectorate they faced heavy resistance from the Erodesian rebels. One of the bloodiest battles of the rebellion occurred from July 10-23, 1914 when British and Serpens Land troops tried to retake Carisbrooke Island. British forces attempted to land on the island using unmodified row boats vulnerable to enemy fire. The month before, rebels had managed to capture Fort Patrick, a small British garrison on the island. During the landings, British and Serpens Land troops suffered heavy casualties with only about 40% of troops making it off the beach. The Erodesian rebels were able to hold their positions for nearly two more weeks until the British withdrawal from the island on July 23, 1914.
Fighting would continue for another year, with repeated attempts from the now unsupported Serpens Land Army. Finally on September 15, 1915, the Dominion of Serpens Land and the Erodesian Republican Front signed the Treaty of Lonsdale. This treaty laid out the border between the newly established Republic of Erodesia, and the Dominion of Serpens Land.
Main article: Republic of Serpens Land
Serpens Land continued to recognize the British monarch as it's head of state, even after it was given self government in 1907. This continued until 1957 when republican sentiment was at an all time high in the country. Political tensions were also sparked by what many viewed as Joseph Panton's Labour government's mismanagement of the country. On May 31, 1957, along with the support of the Serpens Land Armed Forces, General Cornell Allard - a high ranking army officer - stormed parliament and declared himself interim prime minister. Initially, General Allard had no plans to declare a republic. However, when Governor General Sir Albert Eaton tried to intervene and dismiss General Allard, Allard overthrew the governor general and declared himself as the "Supreme President of the Republic". Days later, the overthrown Sir Albert Eaton and his family fled to the Serpens Land territory of the Westmoor Isles in exile. On July 12, the economically struggling Republic of Erodesia, which had been independent from Serpens Land for nearly 42 years, agreed to join the Republic Serpens Land.On August 3 of the same year, the the Westmoor Isles unilaterally declaired indepentance from Serpens Land. While initially a republic, on December 18, 1957 Sir Albert was appointed as King of the Westmoor Isles. King Albert's reign would last less then a year, and ended upon is death on September 3, 1958. He was succeeded by his son, Edward I. Throughout the period of the Republic of Serpens Land, Edward I would continue to support underground resistance efforts against the Serpens Land military junta.
Under the military junta, civil rights were suspended, and political freedoms were nearly nonexistent. The parliament of Serpens Land continued to operate under the leadership of General Allard. This was more a symbolic measure than anything else, as parliament held very little power, and elections were often rigged. Serpens Land maintained it's continued economic growth until it eventually plateaued in 1962.
In the early months of 1965, the aging General Allard began to fall ill. General Allard died on May 17, 1965. Immediately following his death senior members of parliament led by Richard Seymour attempted to gain control of the government. They eventually succeed and on May 18, King Edward I of the Westmoor Isles returned to Serpens Land and was appointed King of Serpens Land. After the accession to the Serpens Land throne, Serpens Land and the Westmoor Isles entered into a form of personal union under King Edward I. Despite the shared head of state, Serpens Land and the Westmoor Isles remained distinct, sovereign nations with their own laws and governments. This personal union exists to this day under the current monarch Edward II.
Following the restoration of the monarchy, Serpens Land underwent a series of social and political reforms. A new constitution was written, establishing the many rights and freedoms that all Serpens Landers enjoy today. Under the new constitution the parliament of Serpens Land was established as the primary legislative body in the Serpens Land government. On September 17, 1965, Richard Seymour was elected prime minister with the support of the majority of parliament. A referendum on the Serpens Land monarchy was held in 1967 reaffirming the monarch's place in the Serpens Land government.
In 1968, Serpens Land, under the leadership of Prime Minister Richard Seymour joined the Cooperative Union. During the latter half of the 20th century, Serpens Land experienced rapid economic growth. The once primarily resource based enonomy of Serpens Land gradually transitioned into a service based economy.
Durng the 1980s, Serpens Land experienced a spark in Erodesian nationalism. The radical Second Republican Front (SRF) ingited a series of bombings and kidnapings in the provinces Northland and Camridia. This period also saw a large number of pro-Erodiesian politicians elected to provincial and national office. This culminated in the Crisis of '82 which saw the kidnaping of Edward Hastings, the premier of Northland by the SRF. Martial Law was declaired in Northland until Hastings was found dead by police two weeks later. Very few arrests were ever made in connection with the case.
In addition of Erodesian nationalism, Serpens Land faced many other issues in the 1980s and 90s. These included the sinking of the SS Coventry, the greatest maritime disaster in Serpens Land history, and the Stanley Crisis of 1993, a violent confrontation between Serpans groups and the Serpens Land government. Serpens Land continues to have problems with it's treatment of Serpans peoples.
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