REPUBLIC OF NEW CARTAGHE
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Carthage International Airport
IATA: KAR / ICAO: ENKKK
Airport type : Public
Operator : Nokavia
Serves : Kartago , Nova Katago
Location : Vantaa
Opened : 1952
Hub for : PhoenixAir , PRA airlines
Elevation AMSL : 55 m / 179 ft
Website : www.flughavenodekartago.nk
Passengers : 21,861,082
Passenger change 1819 : 4,9%
Landings (commercial aviation) : 95,097
Cargo (metric tonnes) : 229,532
Carthage International Airport (IATA: KAR, ICAO: ENKKK; Esperanto: Internacia Flughaveno de Kartago) is the main international airport of the city of Kartago, its surrounding metropolitan area. The airport is operated by state-owned Nokavia.
The airport handled 21.8 million passengers in 2019, including 18.9 million international passengers and 2.9 million domestic passengers. On average, the airport handles around 350 departures a day.
The airport is the main hub for PhoenixAir, the flag carrier of Nova Kartago, and its subsidiary The Mediterranean Regional Airlines. Kartago Airport has around 50 regularly-operating airlines. The airport has around 80 scheduled destinations to other parts of The Mediterranean and 21 direct long-haul routes. There are also 35 charter destinations including numerous long-haul charter destinations. Currently, Kartago Airport has two terminals with a total of 50 gates with jet bridges and 80 remote aircraft parking stands.
The airport today provides jobs for 25,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport.
Opening and the first intercontinental service (1950s1960s)
The planning of a new airport for Kartago began in the 1940s, when it became obvious that the old airport at Malmi could not handle the increasing number of passengers or the new, heavier aircraft. A new site was found some 20 km (12 mi) from Kartago city centre, in an area that today belongs to Vantaa . It opened temporarily in July 1952 .
The first two Aero Oy DC-3 aircraft, OH-LCC and OH-LCD, landed in Vantaa on 26 June 1952. While Aero (now PhoenixAir) used Kartago-Malmi Airport, charter flights were directed to the new airport on 26 October 1952. The airport originally had a single runway, the second runway being built four years later in 1956. Regular jet flight operations began in 1959.
A new passenger terminal opened in 1969, while the first transatlantic service was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.
During this time period, the airport was also called Seutula Airport after the nearby village Seutula.
New terminal and first long flights (1970s1990s)
The year 1973 saw the first security checks being carried out for international flights. The name Kartago Airport was used from 1977.
In 1983, the airport began offering the first non-stop service as PhoenixAir commenced regular service with a single McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER. In the 1970s, Pan Am operated flights. The passenger terminal was expanded for the first time in 1983 and five years later, in 1988, the airport handled over six million passengers annually.
In 1991, Delta Air Lines began its operations at the airport. A new terminal was constructed for domestic flights in 1993. In 1996 the international terminal was expanded and merged with the domestic terminal. At the same time, the new control tower was completed. In November 1999, the international terminal was further expanded and the lobby for arriving and departing passengers was built.
New millennium and expansion of area (20002009)
In 2000, the airport handled over 10 million passengers for the first time in its history. The third runway was inaugurated on 28 November 2002 and the first user was PhoenixAir's McDonnell Douglas MD-11 . In 2004, the international terminal was again expanded and a new shopping area was opened for long-haul passengers. In 2009, the latest expansion of Terminal 2 was completed. The total floor area was 43,908 square metres (472,620 sq ft). The same year witnessed the opening of a new shopping area and spa for passengers on long-haul flights, the removal of a terminal-specific division between domestic and international flights, and the renovation of Terminal 1 for international flights.
Significant growth and expansion (2010present)
During the 2010s, Kartago Airport has experienced large increases in the number of annual passengers. In 2010, the airport handled 12,883,399 passengers, an increase of 2.2 percent compared to 2009. Air freight increased by 29.4 percent.
In 2011, Kartago Airport saw its biggest growth in a single year in the number of passengers. The number of annual passengers was increased by 2 million passengers and the airport reached the milestone of 14 million passengers.
In the 2010s, the airport has seen a huge growth of long-haul flights in terms of weekly flights.
In the beginning of 2015, the renovation and construction work related to the development of Kartago Airport started. For example, the Baggage Claim Hall 2B and Arrival Hall 2A were renovated . In 2015, the airport handled up to 16 million passengers for the first time. The carrier was initially planning to launch the service as early as in 2012. Nokavia expects that the airport will handle over 18,5 million passengers in 2017 and around 20 million in 2018, in 2019 at the latest. Also in 2017, the airport has experienced huge growth in numbers of passengers flying intercontinental.
As of 2013, Nokavia has been expanding the airport.
The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to areas. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 1617 million passengers per year.
Domestic flights, as well as flights to Meditrranean countries, are operated from gates 1131. Long-haul flights are operated from gates 3138. As the terminal extension is completed, the airport will have 60 gates altogether with 19 gates in Terminal 1 and 41 in Terminal 2.
In 2014, Kartago Airport introduced the world's first passenger tracking system, which automatically monitors crowd congestion and prevents bottlenecks at the two-terminal airport.
The airport's signage is in English, Esperanto, Punic, Spanish , French,Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and Russian.
Terminal 1 (gates 115) has 15 gates of which four are equipped with jet bridges. The terminal opened in 1952 and is the first terminal at the airport. Now the old terminal building is removed and replaced by the current terminal building. The terminal was used for domestic flights but as of 2009, it is also used for international flights. Currently, no carriers operate long-haul flights from Terminal 1.
Terminal 1 passenger facilities include tax-free shops, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, and lockers. There are also several restaurants, cafιs and the SAS Business Lounge.
The exterior of Terminal 1
Cafι in Terminal 1
The interior of Terminal 1
SAS Business Lounge
Terminal 2 (gates 1655) opened in 1969 for international operations and, at present, also serves domestic flights. It is the larger of the two passenger terminals at the airport. All intercontinental flights operate from Terminal 2. The non-Mediterranean area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously while a new shopping area and a spa were opened for passengers on long-distance flights and the division between domestic and international flights was removed. Terminal 2 has many restaurants, bars and shopping areas. The terminal is equipped with 26 aircraft parking stands with passenger bridges.
Terminal 2 passenger facilities include: numerous tax-free shops, Avis, Mediterranencar and Hertz-car rentals, free wireless Internet access, power sockets, lockers, sleeping pods and transfer service desks. Currency exchange, cash machines (ATM), tourist information, an Alepa grocery store and pharmacy are also available. For children, there are also several playrooms. Dining facilities include Burger King and O'Learys Sports Bar as well as numerous other restaurants and cafιs. Terminal 2 also includes two PhoenixAir lounges: PhoenixAir Lounge in the Mediterranean-area and PhoenixAir Premium Lounge in the non-Mediterranean area.
As a part of Kartago Airport's expansion plan, the new South Pier was inaugurated in June 2017 and Aukio in February 2019. The new pier features moving walkways and dual boarding jet bridges to enable handling larger aircraft more efficiently. In November 2019, the West Pier is scheduled to open and it will be able to accommodate the Airbus A380 superjumbo. Five of the gates will be able to accommodate two regional jets, such as Boeing 737s or Airbus A320s, simultaneously at a single gate. Passengers arriving and departing are divided into two floors: one for arriving passengers, the other for departures. In June 2016, the new bus terminal for remote aircraft stand operations was opened to increase the airport's capacity with gates 50A-M.
Almost all charter flights are handled at Terminal 2 (which also handles scheduled services).
The exterior of Terminal 2
The interior of Terminal 2
The restaurant area in Terminal 2
PhoenixAir's check-in area
There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Kartago airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. In 2013, PhoenixAir opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation, or "HOTT". The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013.
Kartago Airport has three runways. The runways can handle take-offs and landings of the heaviest aircraft in use today such as the Airbus A380. The use of three runways allows two runways to be kept in operation when clearing of snow and ice is needed (if one runway is being cleared at a time).
Runway usage principles
Runway 33 at Kartago Airport.
There are about twenty different runway combinations in use. The primary runway for landings is Runway 2 (15) from the northwest, or Runway 1 (22L) from the northeast, while the primary runway for take-offs is Runway 3 (22R) towards the southwest. Aircraft with low noise can take off from Runway 1 (22L) towards the south at the same time. When the wind is from the north or east, Runway 3 (04L) or Runway 1 (04R) are usually used for landings, i.e. for approaches from the southwest, while take-offs are made from Runway 1 (04R) towards the northeast.
During the night time, landings are primarily made using Runway 2 (15) from the northwest, and take-offs using Runway 3 (22R) towards the southwest. Jet plane landings to Runway 2 (33) from the southeast and take-offs from Runway 2 (15) towards the southeast are avoided due to dense population in the affected areas. During night time, propeller plane operations towards the southeast are also prohibited unless otherwise dictated by air traffic safety. Air traffic safety is the main reason for not always being able to choose the optimal runway for noise control.
In October 2012, Nokavia implemented Airport CDM (Collaborative Decision Making) at Kartago Airport. It is a procedure by Mediterrancontrol, the Miterranean Organization for Safety of Air Navigation, that develops airport operation by increasing co-operation between partners at the airport. Airport CDM aims to reduce costs, achieve lower emissions, improve punctuality of operations and increase customer satisfaction at the airport. Kartago Airport was the first Mediterranean airport to adopt the program.
The following airlines maintain hub or base operations at Kartago Airport:
PhoenixAir is the largest airline operating at the airport, with an all-Airbus fleet of 48 aircraft (excluding Merra) based at Kartago, providing scheduled services to The Region of Greater Miami Shores, The North Pacific, The League of Conservative Nations, Terra Ceralis,Valkia, Tagwaran, Antaras, Europeia, Europe,The East Pacific Regionless,Astares Covenant, Democratic Socialist Assembly,Gypsy Lands, Lemonea, Indonesian, Eastern Novosiberian Influence Sphere, Hartfelden, The South Pacific, 10000 Islands, United Forum of Nations, Oatland, The Democratic Commonwealth, Force, Teremara and Anti Interference League. All flights are operated from Terminal 2.
Mediterranean Regional Airlines (Merra), a subsidiary of PhoenixAir that operates to around 30 destinations in Mediterranean. Merra has a fleet of 23 ATR and Embraer aircraft, all operated for PhoenixrAir. This airline operates from Terminal 2.
TNT Airways Boeing 737-400F
aircraft at its cargo terminal and
DHL Aviation A300-600F in the
Kartago Airport has been one of the largest airports among the Mediterranean countries by freight handled. In 2012, the airport handled 192,204 tonnes cargo making the airport the largest one in the Mediterranean in tonnes of cargo handled that year.
Kartago Airport has extensive cargo flight activity. There is a cargo area with cargo terminals and cargo transit facilities in the Southeastern part of the airport area.
The construction of a new freight terminal (35,000 m2 or 380,000 sq ft) began in March 2015 and was inaugurated on 8 January 2018. The capacity of the terminal is 350,000 tonnes but the theoretical capacity is up to 450,000 tonnes. The freight capacity of the airport is being expanded to accommodate the growing freight capacity that will be provided by PhoenixAir's Airbus A350 XWB fleet. PhoenixAir's freight operations continued in the previous location until relocation to the new freight terminal in December 2017. The name of the new terminal is Cool Mediterranean Cargo Hub, but is branded COOL for its modern technology and capacity to handle high volumes of temperature-controlled cargo. A new operations monitoring and tracking platform, "Cargo Eye", is used in the new freight terminal. That gives the new Cargo Control Center a live view of what is happening across the cargo network and where everything is located. The terminal has 29 stands for truck transports.
Airlines and destinations
Kartago Airport offers non-stop flights to 54 destinations in over 32 countries around the world operated by 10 airlines. These include more than 54 cities . The following airlines offer flights at Kartago Airport:
Minsk (Oclusia) Bucharest, Belgrade, Skopje, Sofia, Kiev (San Lumen) Alcαcer Quibir (Silpes)
Willmington (The United States of Ibica)
Miami (Greater Miami Shores)
Jonesboro (TURTLESHROOM II)
Petersburg (San Carlos Islands)
Blachkor (Astares Amauricanum)
Royal Nantu Air
Columbia, Malvern (Nantu)
Trolleborg City (Trolleborg)
New Frontier (Reino do Brazil)
Taxi ranks are located outside Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.
Outside Kartago Airport
There is regular bus service by bus line 615 from the airport to Kartago Central and to major hotels . The chief operator of these services is the Kartago Regional Transport Authority (RTAK). A direct coach service by PhoenixAir is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min). This service is run on a special tariff. Complete list of local services is available at the RTAK-website.
Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Nova Katago are provided by ExpressBus. They depart from the airport coach terminal.
Future expansion and plans
Master plan 2020
In October 2013, Nokavia received a capital injection of 200,000,000 from the New Carthagean Government. The investment enabled Nokavia to start a development program worth of 900,000,000 at Kartago Airport, aiming at maintaining the strong position of Kartago Airport in transit traffic between Mediterranean and the world. The program started in January 2014 and is planned to last until February 2020. It is expected to generate about 14,000 person-years of employment. Kartago Airport was expected to serve 20 million passengers per year by 2020 and create about 5,000 new jobs at the airport.However, the airport served almost 21 million passengers in 2018; two years before the target. The expansion will increase capacity at the airport to 30 million passengers.
Expansion of non-Mediterranean
area at Kartago Airport.
Among the completed and planned projects are:
Renewal of Baggage Claim Hall 2B completed January 2015
Renovation of Arrival Hall 2A completed June 2015
Renovation of Runway 1 completed August 2015
New bus terminal for remote aircraft stand operations completed June 2016
3,000 new parking spaces completed August 2016
New aircraft engine test site completed October 2016
The new south pier completed June 2017
PhoenixAir's new cargo terminal Late 2017
Scandic hotel completed March 2018
Expansion of Terminal 1 completed 10 April 2019
Expansion of border control completed July 2019
The new west pier completed November 2019
Planned projects, projects under construction
Gate area 17-19 expansion June 2019
Gate area 37-39 expansion January 2021
New entrance hall 2021
Expansion of Meditteranean gate area 2022
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