by Max Barry

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by The Imperial Kingdom of Volinovia. . 403 reads.

ICJ Laws of War

International Court of Justice
Laws of War

SECTION 1: Definitions

Defines Self Defense: The right of a person to protect themselves. This right is irrefutable.
Defines War: As the active combat between two armed sides.
Defines Unintended Actions: As actions that were unintended by the person(s) partaking in the action.
Defines War Criminal: As a person(s) and/or state that has broken the Laws of War.

SECTION 2: Humane and Ethical Treatment of Prisoners

Defines Combatant: As any person who attempts to do harm to an enemy during a time of war.
Defines Prisoner of War: As a Combatant who has been captured by their enemy.

1. Prisoners have the right to request items while in an enemyís custody.
2.1A. Prisoners have the right to water upon request.
2.1B. Prisoners have the right to cigarettes upon request.

2. Prisoners must be taken care of.
2.2A. Prisoners must be fed enough to sustain themselves.
2.2B. Prisoners must be fed meals equivalent in quality to those eaten by the military of the country they are captive in.

3. Prisoners may not be harmed or executed without proper trial.
2.3A. If the prisoner is a war criminal then they should be tried at the International Court of Justice in Paragould, Volinovia. Any action by a State taken against a war criminal is discouraged and frowned upon by the ICJ.

4. Prisoners of War have the right to adequate medical treatment.

5. Prisoners of War have the right to receive the facilities to practice proper hygiene.

6. Prisoners of War have the right to practice faith and keep all personal and non-contraband items. An exception to weapons, and military documents.

7. Prisoners of War have the right to send and receive mail.

8. Prisoners of War have the right to receive packages containing non-contraband items such as food and clothing, or educational, religious, and recreational materials.

9. Prisoners of war have the right to select a fellow POW to represent him or herself.

10. Prisoners of war have the right to receive humane treatment.

11. A prisoner of war has the right to have a copy of the Laws of War and any humanitarian documentation, including any special agreements, posted where it can be read. The Laws of War and any humanitarian documentation, etc., must be written in the proper language and available upon request.

12. A prisoner of war has the right to have a copy of all camp regulations, notices, orders, and publications about POW conduct posted where it can be read. Regulations, notices, etc. must be in the proper language for POWs to understand and available upon request.

13. Prisoners of War should not be compelled to join the Armed Forces of their enemy.

SECTION 3: Military Targets and Attacks

Defines Military Target: As a target of a military operation. And/or a person, place, or thing, that must be targeted to ensure a strategic, or tactical advantage for one side of the conflict.
Defines Civilian Property: As property that has no strategic or tactical advantage.
Defines Protected Target: As a place that is protected by the Laws of War.
Defines Biological Warfare: As the use of biological or chemical agents during a time of war.
Defines Non-Combatants: As soldiers who can no longer fight due to being a POW, sick, or injured.
Defines Weapons of Mass Destruction: As a weapon that is capable of the destruction of a large area and indiscriminate killing of civilians and military personnel.
Defines Children: As anyone under the age of 16.

1. When a military begins an operation, they should use an appropriate amount of armaments so that they can cut down on any possible unintended actions.

2. Protected Targets are any of the following. These should not be attacked or occupied by any side of a conflict. They are a place of refuge, and/or operation of Civilians and Humanitarian Personnel.
3.2A. Hospitals.
3.2B. Humanitarian Camps, Convoys, Personnel, or Positions.
3.2C. Civilians.
3.2D. Combatants that can no longer fight. Sick and Wounded.
3.2E. Places of Worship.
3.2F. Facilities that Civilians will need to survive.

3. A Protected Target can lose itís protected status if it is occupied by an opposing force.

4. Biological Warfare is prohibited

5. Weapons of Mass Destruction are prohibited.

6. Recruitment of Children into a military is prohibited.

7. Using civilians as hostages or using civilians, or other protected individuals, to make an area immune to military operations is prohibited.

8. Intentionally using starvation of civilians as a method of warfare by depriving them of objects indispensable to their survival, including wilfully impeding relief supplies is prohibited.

9. Ordering the displacement of the civilian population for reasons related to the conflict, unless the security of the civilians involved or imperative military reasons so demand, is prohibited.

10. Attacking Civilian Property is prohibited.

SECTION 4: Sick and Injured Person(s)

1. Sick and Injured Person(s) must be treated no matter what side they are on.
1A. Enemy Combatants who are sick and/or injured are no longer combatants if they offer no resistance and must be cared for as well.

2. Humanitarian Aid Workers must be allowed to do their job. No side can stop humanitarian convoys.

SECTION 5: Occupation and False Flags

1. No side will make improper use of the flag of truce, the flag, or uniform, and/or insignia(s) of the enemy for a military advantage.
5.1A. The same applies for insignias and flags of neutral nations and humanitarian organizations.

2. A military can not order civilians to leave their homes as a method of deportation.

3. A military can not order its own civilians to move into the land it now occupies.

4. The unnecessary destruction of property is prohibited.

5. Pillaging a settlement, even if taken by assault, is prohibited.

6. The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all judicial guarantees which are generally recognized as indispensable is prohibited.
5.6A: The International Court of Justice requests sending any, and all person(s) guilty of War Crimes to the ICJ Court in Paragould.

SECTION 6: Terrorism

Defines Terrorism as; the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.

1. Terrorism is strictly prohibited.
6.1A: A subcategory shall be made for bioterrorism; an act of terror using biological chemical agents.
6.1B: A subcategory shall be made for cyberterrorism; an act of terror using the internet.

SECTION 7: Environmental Factors

The Paragould International Court of Justice understands that during times of war appropriate actions must be taken to combat an enemy force. But precautions should be taken to protect the environment of the battlefield.

1. Negligent Destruction of Wildlife, Ecosystems, and Environments is strictly prohibited.

SECTION 8: Jus Cogens

Defines Jus Cogens as; values taken to be fundamental to the international community and that cannot be set aside.
Defines; the following actions in violation of Jus Cogens.

1. Aggression.
2. Genocide.
3. Crimes against humanity.
4. War crimes.
5. Piracy.
6. Slavery and slave-related practices.
7. Torture.