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Principality of Romanovskaya
Deputy Prime Minister
█ Elected (24)
█ Royal Appointments (3)
█ University Panel (3)
31 May 2020
Parliament House, Vyborg
The Imperial Duma of the Principality of Romanovskaya (Russian: Императорская Дума Княжество Романовская), commonly referred to as the Imperial Duma, is the legislative branch of the government of Romanovskaya. It has 30 members, elected for a five-year term by open list proportional representation from two constituencies, Vyborgsky with 16 seats and Korelasky with 8 seats. Another 3 seats are elected by graduates from the University of Vyborg, while the remaining 3 seats are appointed by the reigning Monarch. The electoral threshold is 8%.
Vyborgsky consists of Vyborg, Seleznyovo, Uuras, Beryozovskoye, Rayvola, Kivennapa, and Torfyanovka; Korelasky consists of Korela, Kuznetsy, Sevastyanovo, Losevo, Sosnovo and Zaporozhskoye.
In the State structure of the Principality of Romanovskaya with its dualistic concept, the Parliament or Imperial Duma as the lawful body has the important function of representing all the citizens of the country. As the Romanovskaya State Parliament, 24 of its members are directly elected by the People under the proportional representation electoral system. The election district of the Vyborgsky District elects 16 deputies and that of the Korelasky District 8 deputies. The Imperial Duma is convened and closed by the Reigning Princess. The Reigning Princess also has the right to dissolve Parliament for important reasons.
The principal task of the Imperial Duma is lawmaking. For a bill to become law, not only is the approval of the Imperial Duma required but also the sanction of the Reigning Princess and the countersignature of the Head of the Government. Every law adopted by the Imperial Duma and not declared as urgent by it and also every international treaty approved by it may be submitted to a referendum.
Also within the competence of the Imperial Duma is the right to propose the appointment of the Government which must be by agreement between the Reigning Princess and the Imperial Duma. In addition to its contribution to lawmaking, financial sovereignty and the control of the State administration including the judicial system are also of pre-eminent importance. It is also concerned in various appointments by election.
According to the Constitution, the Principality of Romanovskaya is “a constitutional hereditary monarchy on a democratic and parliamentary basis“. The Imperial Duma is the representation and ‘body’ of the People and as such its function is to exercise its rights and interests.
Imperial Duma. Attended from left to right by:
Princess Xenia Alexandrovna, Tsar Nicholas II and
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
The most important task of the Imperial Duma is the part it plays in legislation. Without the Imperial Duma, no law can be passed, no law can be amended. The Imperial Duma (and also the Reigning Princess and the People) has the right to constitutional and legislative initiative. In practice, most bills are prepared by the Government or by its experts. The Imperial Duma can send bills back to the Government or form commissions of its own for the revision of such. An opening debate is held for every bill, followed by two readings and a final vote. In the opening debate, it is decided whether the Imperial Duma wishes at all to prepare a bill. In the first reading, suggestions can be made, which are then examined by the Government before the second reading. In the second reading, a vote is taken on every individual article. If deputies submit motions for amendments, a vote must first be taken on these. With the article by article vote, the text of the article is also finalized. After the second reading, a final vote takes place by which the bill is adopted as a whole.
Treaties in which dispositions in regard to sovereign rights are made, by which new responsibilities are adopted or which affect the rights of the citizens, must be submitted to the Imperial Duma. The Imperial Duma may not change a treaty which has been signed by the Government but can only accept or refuse it as a whole.
The State budget is drawn up by the Government and adopted by the Imperial Duma. It has the right to change individual positions. If, in the course of the year, the Government needs additional funds for new tasks or if individual budget positions are exceeded, it must get a supplementary credit from the Imperial Duma. For projects associated with financial commitments extending over several years (e.g., major construction projects), the Government must seek a guarantee loan from the Imperial Duma.
A basic task of the Imperial Duma is the forming of an effective government. At the start of its fouryear term of office, the Imperial Duma elects the members of the Government, whereby this election is formally only a proposal for submission to the Reigning Princess. The latter does not have the right to appoint the Government but is bound to a proposal of the Imperial Duma. For the whole of its term of office, the Government needs the confidence not only of the Imperial Duma but also of the Reigning Princess. If the Imperial Duma or the Reigning Princess withdraws this confidence, its authority to exercise its function as the Government lapses. In this case, the Reigning Princess appoints an interim transitional government. On the other hand, an individual member of the Government cannot be dismissed either by the Reigning Princess or by the Imperial Duma alone but only with the agreement of both.
The Imperial Duma is also responsible for various appointments. It elects not only the Government but also the members of individual commissions. As part of the overhaul of the Constitution in 2003, the right of the Imperial Duma up to then to select the judges was transferred to a newly established Judge Appointment Board in which members of the Imperial Duma are also represented. The Imperial Duma can now only elect the candidates proposed by the Board. If it does not agree with the latter, it may nominate its own candidates who must then be elected by the People.
The Imperial Duma has the right and the duty to monitor the whole of the State administration including the judicial system. For this task, the Imperial Duma charges on the one hand the Audit Commission while on the other it also exercises this function directly with its examination of the annual reports of the authorities and of the national audit report. Furthermore, the deputies can also put written and oral questions to the Government about any area of the State administration. A powerful control instrument are the investigational commissions that are appointed for specific reasons.
An important aspect of Parliamentary work is the public discussion of the better political arguments. This helps opinion-forming and decision making.
The People not only have the right to elect deputies to the Imperial Duma. Through an initiative, it could also force the convening of the Imperial Duma or a referendum on its dissolution. However, up to now, no use has ever been made of this theoretical right. With the right to demand a referendum, voters can have resolutions of the Imperial Duma submitted to a popular vote. For resolutions concerning laws and finance, 7,500 voters must sign a petition for a referendum to be held; for amendments to the Constitution and treaties, 8,500 signatures are required. However, the Imperial Duma can declare amendments to laws, the Constitution and financial resolutions as imperative and thus block a referendum.
The Reigning Princess can influence the resolutions of the Imperial Duma and even its very existence. Every law needs the assent of the Reigning Princess (sanction) and this also applies to financial resolutions. If the sanction of the Reigning Princess is not given within six months, it is then deemed to have been refused. The Reigning Princess is entitled to represent the State externally without regard to the necessary involvement of the Government. Treaties affecting the sovereign of the State or the rights of its citizens or resulting in new burdens require the consent of the Imperial Duma.
The Reigning Princess appoints the judges with due observance of the provisions of the Constitution. For the selection of judges, the Reigning Princess and the Imperial Duma refer to a joint committee. In this committee, the Reigning Princess has the chair and also the casting vote with regard to the candidates proposed to the Imperial Duma for the judicial office in question.
According to Art. 10 of the Constitution, the Reigning Princess temporarily takes the place of the legislative body when an Emergency Order is issued. This is an emergency law which is independent of Parliament. Emergency Orders lapse after six months at the latest. According to Arts. 85 and 86 of the Constitution, Emergency Orders require the countersignature of the Head of Government.
The Reigning Princess has the right to convene the Imperial Duma at the beginning of a year and to close it at the end of a year. Traditionally, she opens the Imperial Duma with a solemn Speech from the Throne. Without this regular convocation at the beginning of the year, the Imperial Duma does not have the right to convene itself during the year. During the year, the Reigning Princess may postpone or dissolve the Imperial Duma for important reasons for not more than three months.
The Imperial Duma consists of 30 members. It exercises its rights in the sessions of the complete Imperial Duma . Deliberations on laws are also usually carried out in the Plenary Assembly. This is why the Imperial Duma is described as a “working Parliament“. In comparison with other parliaments, not many tasks are delegated to commissions. When commissions are formed, it is mainly the case that they only have to prepare certain aspects of business for the complete Imperial Duma and to formulate the corresponding motions.
All the members of the Imperial Duma are “part-time Parliamentarians”, i.e., they have a political function but follow their occupation at the same time. They receive an all-in remuneration of IRB 285,000 ($20,000) per year and a daily allowance of IRB 4000 ($280) (or IRB 2750 ($195) for a half-day). In addition, they receive the same sum for preparatory work for each day that Parliament is in session. Members of the Imperial Duma cannot be held legally accountable for their remarks in Parliament. They enjoy immunity to the extent that during the Parliamentary session they may only be arrested subject to the consent of the Imperial Duma (except when they are caught in the act).
Vice-President Olesya Zhidkova
The President of the Imperial Duma and the Vice-President are each elected for the current year at the Opening Session. The President of the Imperial Duma convenes the sessions in the course of the year; he chairs the sessions and represents the Imperial Duma externally. The Vice-President of the Imperial Duma represents him when he is not available.
The Bureau of the Parliament consists of the President of the Imperial Duma, the Vice-President and the secretaries for each government department. The Bureau of the Parliament advises the President, especially when the agenda for the sessions of the Imperial Duma is drawn up. It prepares the budget of the Imperial Duma and decides the employment of staff for the Parliamentary Service.
According to the Rules of Procedure, the Imperial Duma may appoint special commissions. These may consist of three or five members. Their term of office ends with the completion of their task, but at the latest with the expiry
of their mandate period. The task of the special commissions is to prepare individual laws or other business and to submit a corresponding motion to the complete Imperial Duma.
Investigative commissions are formed under a strong minority right: on the application of only seven members, the Imperial Duma is obliged to appoint an investigative commission.
The National Committee exercises the rights of the Imperial Duma when the Imperial Duma is not in session and therefore cannot exercise its functions (i.e., from the adjourning of Parliament at the end of one year to its reopening at the beginning of the following year, or in the case of the suspension or dissolution of the Imperial Duma). The National Committee consists of the President of Parliament, Vice President of Parliament, Prime Minister and the Deputy Prime Minister . The National Committee cannot enter into permanent obligations for the country.
The duties and method of work of the Imperial Duma are governed by the Constitution, the Conductance of Business Act and the Rules of Procedure.
The Government of Romanovskaya is the chief executive body of the Principality of Romanovskaya. According to the Constitution of Romanovskaya, the cabinet shall consist of the Prime Minister and eight other Ministers. On the proposal of Parliament, one of the Ministers shall be appointed by the Imperial Duma, and with the permission of the Reigning Princess, as the Deputy Prime Minister. If an individual Minister should lose the confidence of the Reigning Princess or of Parliament, the decision on the loss of the authority of the Minister to exercise his functions shall be taken by mutual agreement of the Reigning Princess and Parliament. Until a new Minister has been appointed, the official duties of the Minister shall be performed by the Minister's alternate.
1 June 2020
11 February 2001
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Police & Defence
5 June 2020
28 September 2018
2 December 2007
Minister of Finance
5 June 2020
8 February 2009
Minister of Foreign Affairs
5 June 2020
5 February 2017
Minister of Justice
24 April 2011
30 May 2007
Minister of Health
1 February 2020
5 February 2017
Minister of National Education
9 September 2016
3 February 2013
Minister of Transport & Infrastructure
5 June 2020
5 February 2017
Minister of Culture, Media & Sport
5 June 2020
31 May 2020
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