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Waterpoo (ウォータープー) city is the capital and largest city by metropolitan population of The Republic of Nanako Island. It is also the state capital of the federal State of Poole (プール州 - Etat de Poole) and was of the eponym District of Waterpoo, now Metropolitan Waterpoo. The city itself is reffered as City of Waterpoo, the urban amalgamated area as Waterpoo (or Waterpoo Prefecture), and the metro area as Metropolitan Waterpoo. The British settlement was originally founded in 1577 as Port Trinity, but its name changed around the 1600's to Waterpoo for unclear reasons. The city stands on the volcanic peninsula of Shiitoyate (椎渡矢手, from Ainu: siri-to-atuy, earth-blossom-sea, "Earth blossoming from the sea")formed by the 2,181 metre high stratovolcano Mount Tuymaiwa (Tuyma-iwa, form Ainu: The Remote Mount) along the Tokoro river (From Japanese : 常呂川), at its estuary primarly, in the Wilson Bay. Its climate is between a subarctic (Dfc) climate and a humid continental climate (Dfb) on the Köppen climate classification.
In 2019, the city had a population of 403,899, with a population of 2,019,800 in the prefecture, including all of the other municipalities in the Tokoro river valley, south of Mount Tuymaiwa. The broader Metropolitan Waterpoo area had a population of 5,112,001. English is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by Japanese at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages (primarly French). In the larger Metropolitan Waterpoo area, 55.8% of the population speaks English at home, compared to 25.3% who speak Japanese. The prefecture of Waterpoo is one of the most bilingual prefectures in Poole and Nanako, with over 77% of the population able to speak both English and Japanese. All 7 amalgated cities make up a prefecture themselves and in total, the metropolitan area regroups 6 prefectures : Waterpoo, Asanobe, New Kent, Yahatori, Shakongawa and Yakuka prefectures.
2.2 Territorial and municipal statuses
2.2.1 City of Waterpoo
2.2.2 Prefecture of Waterpoo
2.2.3 Metropolitan Waterpoo
2.3 Bordering municipalities
2.5 Environment and pollutions
3.1 Prehistoric settlements
3.2 Ōjidai era and first cities
3.5 English settlement
3.6 Fort Trinity, first explorations and wars
3.7 Waterpoo colonial capital
3.8 Waterpoo dominion capital
3.9 Waterpoo federal capital
11.1 Road and highway infrastructure
11.2 National rail infrastructure
11.3 Air infrastructure
11.4 Metropolitan Transportation Agency
11.4.1 Metropolitan Subway
11.4.2 City Tramway
11.4.3 Buses and other services
11.4.4 Metropolitan commuters
12 International Relations
Since the establishment in 1601 of the British colony of Nanako, Waterpoo has been the legislative, executive and judicial capital of Nanako. Waterpoo is therefore a double capital, it is the federal capital of Nanako, as well as the capital of the state of Poole. Thus the city concentrates a large number of official buildings such as the seat of the House of Commons called House of Parliament, the seat of the Senate, the residence of the Prime Minister, of the Governor-General, seat of the General Staff and also a multitude of foreign embassies.
In 2018, the World Economic Observatory places Waterpoo in 7th place of the cities offering the best quality of life in the world. It is also cited as the 3rd best city to study in the same report. The city was ranked as a global-city in 2010. Waterpoo hosts many international trade fairs, especially in the aeronotic and maritime sector. Large commercial port, it is the most important port of Nanako since 2005, when trade with China became more and more important. Many festivals like the Victoria International Film Festival take place every year at Waterpoo. The bay is also often the set up of sailing competitions.
The Shiitoyate peninsula has been occupied by communities since the Paleolithic. The largest city on the peninsula before the arrival of British settlers was called Shiitoyate (椎渡矢手), like the peninsula. Further south there was a small fishing port called Ryūshi (竜市, from japanese), and to the west the port of Sanminato (讚湊). Before 1336, Shiitoyate, the main city was called Kiyomoto (清元).
The first British camp is named Fort Trinity in reference to the Holy Christian Trinity. Around 1610, a few years after the advent of the Giapan colony, the city of Shiitoyate, now colonial capital, was renamed Waterpoo, for reasons that are still uncertain. The study of the administrative writings produced by the city from the 1600-1650 period does not give any explanation. We just notice that Fort Trinity loses the title of colonial capital, for its largest neighbor: Waterpoo (called before this decision Shiitoyate). From 1610 to 1680, we notice that the administrative papers use two spellings: Waterpoo and Waterloo. Then since the 16th century, the city appears only under the name "Waterpoo".
According to the memoirs of Jonathan Bulkree, aide-de-camp to Governor Hughes Bowlstone, the name comes from a misunderstanding between a translator and the governor himself. Bulkree writes that in 1609, to ease the tensions between settlers and local bourgeois, Bowlstone decided to move the headquarters of the colony to the city of Shiitoyate, called New-York by the English at that time because they did not know its real name. To show his good will, the governor decides to give back its original name to the city to please the Japanese elite. The governor, speaking with a strong accent from the north of England, asked his translator what the name of the city was. The translator replies "Watanbu" (輪段歩, "not so fast"). The governor would then have directly written "Wateplo" on a paper, and would have thanked his translator. Then, the name would have been anglicized to facilitate pronunciation. This anecdotal explanation is not unanimous among academics. According to many of them, this version described by Bulkree is fictionalized and unreliable, due to its non-comptenporanity with events (1609, while the writings were made and dated in 1651, 42 years later). But it is by far the most popular version.
The city of Fort Trinity was renamed Victoria in 1845.
The center of Waterpoo is located 25 kilometers south of Mount Tuymaiwa (New Kent prefecture), in western Poole State, in the District of Waterpoo, on Nanako. It is located at latitudes 48°38'N, and at longitudes 146°9'E. Waterpoo occupies most of the river plains created by the Tokoro River and its estuary in Wilson Bay, and its tributaries. The city's official center is the precise location of the Federal Parliament.
Satellite image of Waterpoo
The entire metropolis is in a montane forest biome, according to the Nanakian Academy of Biology and the National Office for Forest Preservation. The highest point of Waterpoo prefecture is Mount Elizabeth which overlooks the valley at 623 meters. Mount Tuymaiwa is not part of the prefecture of Waterpoo, but of New Kent prefecture. On the other hand, Mount Tuymaiwa is the highest point of the metropolitan area. The two hills south, Mikaze hill (実風丘, from Japanese: "hill of the truth bringer wind") east and Seion hill (静穏丘, from Japanese: "hill of serenity") west culminate at 389 and 346 metres respectively. Urban policies prevent the construction of buildings over 350 meters for aesthetic reasons. The historic city and the CBD are built on either side of the Tokoro River, on ancient swamps, just north of the two hills.
Geologically, the plains are formed by the flow of rainwater and ice from Mount Tuymaiwa to Wilson Bay. The soils are a conglomerate of volcanic rocks from Tuymaiwa and its lava flows, and volcanic sedimentary rocks, transported by the hydrographic network of Mount Tuymaiwa and its chain. The northern beaches of the peninsula are black sand, and those of the south, browner sand, a mixture of rocks.
Due to the large size of the urban area, the city of Waterpoo, its prefecture and its metropolitan area extend over an important territory, amalgamated on many points to facilitate local governance. From the largest division to the smallest, Waterpoo refers to: Metropolitan Waterpoo, made up of 6 prefectures including the prefecture of Waterpoo, itself made up of 7 amalgamated cities, including the city of Waterpoo, made up of boroughs like the Shibetsu borough for example.
The city of Waterpoo is the nerve and historic center of the capital, and even in broad sense, of modern Nanako. The city of Waterpoo is located in the center of the plains of the Tokoro river, on both the west and east banks. Its location corresponds to the exact location of the ancient city of Shiitoyate, since it revolves around its medieval castle. The city is the seat of major federal, prefectural and Poole State administrative bodies. It also contains within its limits the CBD, on the west bank.
The city of Waterpoo is made up of 6 boroughs. The Federal Parliament, the Senate and the Prime Minister's Office, as well as Kiyomoto Castle are located in the Parliament Borough. The Victoria Borough on the west bank is the area on which Fort Trinity was built. The city center, the city hall and the CBD are located in the City of Waterpoo borough.
The city of Waterpoo has the status of a municipality, and is administered by a mayor, the Lord-Mayor of Waterpoo.
Waterpoo Prefecture is a special prefecture established under the prefectural system of 1948. It obtains the status of special when in 1985 is decided to agglomerate the 7 most important cities to the city of Waterpoo to improve the competitiveness and the quality of life of the urban area. The prefecture acts like a municipality, with a prefectural council, bringing together the mayors and municipal councils of the seven cities. Everything is managed by the prefectural assembly and its president.
The prefecture includes the city of Waterpoo, the city of Wellington, the city of Cape Westminster, Kingston, Westend, Perrysgate and Redwood Shores City. Each of these cities is divided into boroughs, including two special ones: the Goodman International Airport Special Borough in the city of Wellington, and the Redwood City Port Special Borough, in the city of Redwood Shores. All the towns are located in the Tokoro Valley, except Redwood Shores, located further east, a little further on Wilson Bay, at the Sugise River estuary (杉瀬川, from Japanese: "Cedar Rapids ")
Metropolitan Waterpoo is a large metropolitan area created in 1999 to replace the District of Waterpoo. Like the Greater Paris region, or Greater London, it is an association of municipalities aimed at facilitating transport, development and jobs. It covers six prefectures all located on the Shiitoyate peninsula, and in the state of Poole. Its administration is managed by a mayor and a metropolitan council of 20 representatives.
The prefectures assimilated to Metropolitan Waterpoo are the prefectures of Asanobe, New Kent, Shakongawa, Waterpoo, Yahatori and Yakuka. The metropolitan region has its own transport network.
New Kent Prefecture
City of Westend
City of Westend / Kingston
City of Westend / Wellington City
City of Waterpoo Borough · City of Waterpoo Borough · Kiyomoto
Tetsugakusono Borough · City of Waterpoo · Kiyomoto Borough
Victoria Borough · Parliament Borough · Shibetsu Borough
Shearwater Borough · Waltham Borough · Baskerville
Kingston / Westminster Cape City
Wellington City / Westminster Cape City
Westminster Cape City
The city of Waterpoo is located in a transition zone between humid continental (Dfb) and subarctic (Dfc) climates of the Köppen classification. The city therefore benefits from a attenuated subarctic climate, and from a humid continental climate influenced by the proximity of the ocean. Summers are short and cool and winters are cold. Rainfall is quite abundant with a peak in summer, around August. Precipitation varies on average between 950 and 1000 mm per year.
The heavy snowfall that affects the city in winter is largely due to the Siberian High and the Aleutian Low, which create a flow of fresh air that descends the Kamchatka - Korea axis, passing right through Nanako. About 2.2 metres of snow fall per year on Waterpoo. The highest temperature ever recorded by the Goodman Airport weather station was 36.2°C (97,9°F) in summer 2015, and the coldest was -37.8°C (-36.0°F) in winter 1986. Although air temperatures rarely drop below -25 ° C, wind chills often makes the temperature feel this low to exposed skin.
The climate of Waterpoo is comparable to that of Montreal, or Sapporo, although cooler. Each year between December and May, the ice freezes Wilson Bay and the Tuymaiwa River freezes, as does all of the city's water points. Since 1996, the sea ice period has become shorter and shorter, which worries the authorities and shows unequivocally the effects of climate change in the Oshkosh Sea. While the port has become Nanako's first port in 2005, maritime traffic in the bay has multiplied by 3, and gradually warms up the bay temperature. Icebreakers operate all year round to open routes between the Strait of La Pérouse and the bay, i.e. 550 kilometres of sea route.
Sugi trees along the Sugise
river valley (Shakongawa)
Waterpoo is located, according to the National Office for Forest Preservation in the montane forest ecosystem biome, one of the four biomes of Nanako. The lowland or mid-altitude parts of the city such as the Mikaze or Seion hills have large coniferous and deciduous forests; while the heights are only covered with conifers, fir trees, or simply alpine tundra vegetation for the highest peaks.
The town of Redwood is located, as its name suggests, in an area filled with Japanese cedars, or Japanese redwoods, also called Sugi (杉), a micro-biome characteristic of the Sugise river valley, named in reference to the coniferous species.
The fauna present in the Waterpoo region suffers from urbanization, but benefits from numerous protected areas, notably around the summits and hills which are very largely non-urbanized, and in Mount Tuymaiwa National Park. Waterpoo also has significant commensal wildlife. In addition to cats, dogs and other domestic animals, pigeons, gulls and rats live in urban areas. A 2016 study estimates that 56% of the population owns a pet, and 78% of the animals in question were cats. A figure explained by the inadequate urban setting for a dog.
Waterpoo suffers the environmental consequences of its high population density, its extensive urbanization, its motorization and its industrial activity. Industrial heart of Nanako, the city currently has nearly 800 contaminated sites on its territory. Among the most important examples of soil remediation are the St Phillips Business Park, Admiralty Park, George Flintshire Park and Sengai Park, former landfills.
In 2011, according to the World Health Organization, Waterpoo had one of the worst air qualities on Nanako. However, for several years, air quality has improved. In fact, the average μg/m3 of annual concentrations of fine particles measured at Waterpoo went from 11.4 μg/m3 in 2009, to 7.0 μg/m3 in 2016, while the standard set by the World Health Organization is 10 μg/m3. Waterpoo's air quality is monitored by the Prefectural Air Quality Monitoring Agency (PAQMA, usually called Pacman) which has 21 monitoring stations. The Ministry of Health estimates that 1,100 premature deaths from air pollution in Waterpoo occur every year. Car pollution is responsible for more than 4,500 cases of childhood bronchitis per year. Residents living along highways experience hospitalization rates 20% higher than the rest of the population.
The water quality at Waterpoo is monitored by the Prefectural Aquatic Environment Monitoring Agency (PAEMA, often called Pamela) which analyzes rivers, streams, inland lakes and storm sewers through 212 stations. The agency is also responsible for monitoring the waters of Wilson Bay. Redwood City Port Special Borough, northeast of the bay, has the highest water pollution; in 2010, a third of the stations had bacteriological rates that were too high for swimming.
The availability of water around Waterpoo makes drinking water and sanitation very inexpensive, less than 40c per cubic meter. In addition, the municipality does not invoice its water by volume of consumption but by place via the property tax.
The neighboring districts located below the air corridor of Goodman Airport, including Sawa and Daikoku, are particularly victims of noise pollution. The inhabitants regularly denounce the non-respect of the air curfew between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m. In addition, noise regulations may be relatively different depending on the boroughs.
Human presence in the Tokoro Estuary and Wilson Bay 45,000 years ago. Populations from the Ussuri region cross land bridges which closed the Poole strait, and settle throughout Nanako, mainly around Adachi bay. There were only a few groups that settled in the region, many continued south east, to the Narakonai and Adachi regions, much more survivable. The region was much cooler because of the Ice Age's ice caps. 12,000 years ago, the end of the Ice Age led to a new wave of migrations from south-east to north and west. New populations populate the region and the number of communities is increasing.
Potteries dating from around 13,000 BC marks the transition of these populations to the Jōmon culture. The sedentarization of the populations of the region is estimated around 5,000 BC. It is then estimated that at this time, the population increased drastically from a few hundred individuals to 8,000 - 10,000 individuals between 8,000 and 2,000 BC. The populations of the region adopted the Para-Yayoi culture around 350 BC, with the arrival of new cultures and bronze objects. Excavations carried out in 1867 in the current Waterpoo City Borough show the existence of an important village of a few hundred inhabitants, the first city of Waterpoo.
Between 300 and 500, the Satsumon culture imported from the south, from regions of Nokabe influenced by Japan, developed. A hierarchical society is slowly being established, but no regional alliance between all the villages of the Tokoro estuary.
Shinto and Ainu beliefs are dominant in the region, and each village worships various kamis. Mount Tuymaiwa is suspected of having been a sacred land, home of various deities. At that time, the Ainu and northern Japanese (Jōmon - Satsumon - then Emishi) cultures are still combined.
During the Ōjidai era (王時代, royal era), the first Kingdom of Nanako, ruled from Narakonai became the most powerful clan of Nanako. This era is characterised by the emergence of organised states such as the Kingdom of Nanako. In the records of the Kingdom of Nanako (Mitsumene-Den), the cities of the Shiitoyate peninsula are mentionned, and described has a faithful clan to her majesty's cause (Deijī Hime). During the Ōjidai period, the peninsula was ruled by a unique clan, the Teiga clan. Shakongawa was not part of the clan, and was propably ruled by an other clan.
The temples on the two hills where probably very ancient worshiping sites, but first large compounds where probably built around 300-400. The largest city, capital of the clan, reffered as Kyoshi (鋸歯) in the Chronicles of Sugi, was a fortified city built around a motte-and-bailey castle built on the exact position of the contemporary Kiyomoto castle (清元城), right in the centre of Waterpoo. The nothern part of the peninsula was occupied by smaller early-Ainu culture fishermen villages, trade partners and allies with the Teiga clan (艇画氏) for most of the Ōjidai era.
Other cities emerged such as Sugiki (杉基), a timber trade and production hub located in current Redwood city; Fijawa, fortified city serving as border toll on the Sugise river (杉瀬) between Teiga and Sugi (杉) clans; Yahatori (矢派鳥), the moutain pass between south Shiitoyate and north Shiitoyate, towards current Yakuka (約課); and Meyohori (芽ヨ堀), today's Asanobe (浅野弁), the main food producing city, enjoying the fertile and irigated slopes of Mount Tuymaiwa.