Welcome back, nations of Europe, to EuroNews! Welcome to Issue Ten! Please take a moment to sit back and relax to peruse this month’s newsletter.
The flag of St Scarlett who
won the election
The October election for the position of 1st Deputy Commissioner had four candidates, the largest pool of potential Commission members since the election in May of this year. Fighting to retain her position, St Scarlett was up against the familiar faces of Rivierenland, Suomessa, and newcomer Jim the Baptist. The main issue surrounding this election was toxicity in the region.
Scarlett did not have a specific issue she was targeting but was running on a platform of stability, familiarity, and the status quo. At this point in time, she is firmly against introducing new rules to the region because our current regulations “are already relatively strict” and does not wish to limit Europeans’ freedom of speech. Scarlett added that measures proposed by her opponents are “unnecessary… and overbearing”, standing by the RMB Moderation Act.
Rivierenland’s flagship policy was to implement his European Defence Agency (EDA), which would be tasked “to safeguard Europe” from toxicity and trolls. The EDA is currently composed of three members: Riv himself, Alienage, and Republic of Satherland. These members were approved by Riv, and other Europeans can apply to join. When asked if he thought it was wise to give unelected nations authority over Europe’s borders and communications (so they could suppress and eject nations as required), Riv said that he believed so and if a nation showed signs of power abuse, they “would be stopped on time or only slightly late”.
Suomessa is also concerned with the state of our region, he claimed that nations have been “taking jokes too far, people harassing others, people not being very polite.” Despite his own reservations about Riv’s EDA, he thinks it should be implemented because he believes the current RMB Moderation Act “simply is not good enough.”
Jim took a slightly different approach to his election campaign. Running on a platform of deregulation, he believes that European laws are too stifling. Jim would prefer a Europe with fewer regulations, where issues are debated and acted upon as they arise by all Europeans rather than a select few. He has also stated that he thinks Europe’s laws are too complicated and jargon-heavy and could use simplifying.
Early in the election, Jim overtook Riv and Suomessa. However, many of his voters said on the RMB that their votes were jokes or “for the meme” and did not seriously support him or his policies. Eventually, Riv managed to overtake Jim, and Suomessa seemed to remain stagnant on just a few votes. The European public did have a definite favourite. Scarlett took an early lead which grew rapidly until she had almost double the votes of all the other candidates combined, securing her re-election to the Commission.
Written by Yahlia
The backdrop to Jim the Baptist’s rap song
The past month has seen a flurry of political activity and debate as relative newcomer Jim the Baptist announced various policies and ideals that contrasted sharply with those of the majority of Europe.
Jim first made himself known to Europe two months ago when he sent out a region-wide telegram asking for endorsements while simultaneously entering the RMB and spreading a message of love. While this was a relatively unorthodox method, it is not uncommon for newcomers to our region to ask for endorsements. He then proceeded to engage in conversation on the RMB like any other nation for a few days until he disappeared for a month and slipped out of memory.
One month ago, Europe received another telegram. This time, the sender was Dabarastan. Dabarastan was concerned about the state of democracy in our region. This second telegram was sent out when the Commission put forward a proposal to European electors for the second time, which was to award Imperium Anglorum with the Grand Cross of the Order of Europe for his services to the region. The first time this proposal was brought to the vote, it failed to reach quorum but had a majority in favour, so the poll was re-run in the hopes of reaching quorum.
Dabarastan believed that re-running the poll in this way was undemocratic and sent out his telegram to implore nations to vote against the proposal “to send a message that Europe’s democracy cannot be compromised.” The European community generally disagreed with Dabarastan’s concerns and responded to them negatively and despite doing nothing inherently wrong was unfortunately driven from the region.
IA also sent out a telegram of his own explaining his view and why he disagreed with Dabarastan.
However, Jim seemed to agree with Dabarastan’s message and took it upon himself to continue their work. Jim sent another telegram to various Europeans responding to IA’s telegram as well as coming after our region’s leadership. Jim branded European government officials, members of the Commission, and various RMB regulars as “elites” who are “not welcoming of new members and are suspicious of newcomers.” He finished this telegram by asking Europeans to endorse him to show “the European elites that we will not stand for [alleged corrupt and undemocratic behaviour] any longer.”
Much like Dabarastan, Jim received extensive public backlash as the majority of the vocal Europeans expressed their disagreement with his message. Regrettably, though perhaps not unexpectedly, a significant portion of frequent RMBers responded harshly. Many of these harsh responses were compiled by Jim in a now-infamous “bullying folder”, despite general consensus believing that many of the included instances of “bullying” were passive comments or legitimate political responses to Jim’s telegrams.
Jim moved to report messages he thought were offensive to European officials for action which sparked the creation of the first session of the Moderation Committee who sat on an issue of potential defamation.
Soon, Jim sent another telegram to Europeans in which he demanded a poll be created to determine if he should replace IA as Europe’s delegate, despite the fact that elections for that position occur twice daily and votes are endorsements.
The next day, Europe found itself with two new citizens and two new telegrams to match. Unpopular People and The Popular Populace sent out regional telegrams in support of Jim and the status quo respectively. Due to the suspicious behaviour of these nations, many Europeans reached the unsubstantiated conclusion that they were puppets of Jim. Unpopular People was eventually muted by the second session of the Moderation Committee for calling Europe’s Home Secretary, Feria-Alkaline, a racist.
Soon afterwards, the Moderation Committee had a third sitting in which they deliberated over more defamation claims submitted by Jim.
In the midst of these weeks of intense internal discussion, candidates began to declare themselves for the October election for the 1st Deputy Commissioner. Jim decided to place his name forward as a candidate. Unpopular People then sent out two more telegrams claiming to be an official election observer, which was not true, and was subsequently banjected from the region.
Two weeks ago, Jim released a short rap track. Then one week later, the recently banned Unpopular People sent a final telegram which entailed unsubstantiated claims that Jim was a puppet account of an RMB regular.
Having declared his candidacy for the election, Jim ran on a platform of deregulation and legal reform which, like most of Jim’s bursts of activity, stirred sudden and intense activity in the RMB as his ideas were evaluated in the RMB. Jim was ultimately unsuccessful, coming many votes short of the needed amount to force the incumbent, St Scarlett, out of her position. More details surrounding the campaign can be found earlier in this issue of EuroNews.
Written by Yahlia
Europeans of the Month
Nothing is more important for keeping our region alive than its community! So, here is this issue’s Europeans of the Month to award some of our members for their contributions to NationStates Europe!
The award for Newcomer of the Month goes to... Republic of Satherland!
Satherland actually joined last month, but he is still relatively new to our RMB. He has already become an active member of our community and, besides a few scuffles, has been a pleasure to have around! Welcome to Europe, Satherland!
The award for RMBer of the Month goes to... Yahlia!
This month has seen a lot of drama and a very active RMB. I think Yahlia has had to read through more posts than ever before. In addition to that, he has provided excellent input and has been crucial to diffusing tense situations, so that makes him this month’s RMBer of the Month!
The award for Flag of the Month goes to... Galway-Dublin!
It is Spooktober, so this month I wanted to award someone for the best Halloween flag! I have seen a fair few and they are all great, but there’s just something special about Galway’s. Her flag has always been a unique and symbolic one and this spooky addition, while potentially a little cluttered, is no different! I think the dabbing skeleton really does it for me. Congrats, Galway!
The award for Motto of the Month goes to... The Oriental Empire!
“Et Usque In Aeternum Semper” (Always and Forever)
Orient’s motto is short, sweet, and simple. The use of Latin makes it seem proper and realistic. All in all, it’s a very solid motto, and I think a more serious one deserves an award this month. Well done, Orient!
The award for Factbook of the Month goes to... Laver Island!
Species: F. Laverinus
The Laverian Falcon (Falco Laverinus, Laveransk Falk) is a medium-large falcon that is endemic to Laver Island. The Laverian Falcon is a bird of prey in the genus Falco, Laverian Falcons are widely distributed in all Laverian forests and parks, the bird is also a common sight in cities and towns due to its very flexible diet. Adult falcons have thin, tapered wings, which enable them to fly at high speed and change direction rapidly. Fledgeling falcons, in their first year of flying, have longer flight feathers, which make their configuration more like that of a general-purpose bird such as a broad-wing. This makes flying easier while learning the exceptional skills required to be effective hunters as adults.
The bird kills with their beaks, using a "tooth" on the side of their beaks—unlike the hawks, eagles, and other birds of prey in the Accipitridae, which use their feet.
As is the case with many birds of prey, Laverian Falcons have exceptional powers of vision; the visual acuity of the bird has been measured at 2.6 times that of a normal human.
Courted Laverian falcons
The Late Latin falco is believed to derive from falx as meaning a sickle, referencing the claws of the bird. In Middle English and Old French, the term faucon refers generically to several captive raptor species.
Laverian is the demonym variant of Laver and was latched on the bird's name by Edvard Edvinssen.
The bird has been present on the island since the Vikings arrived and possibly even earlier, the earliest recording of the Laverian Falcon dates back to the Laverian sagas; which describes the bird accurately and dubbed it, "Svartr falkr" (Black Falcon). The Laverian Falcon has been in Laverian Viking mythology viewed as the enforcer of Loki, the bird's diet allows it to attack ravens, which the Vikings believed to be the eyes of Odin. Other than resorting to numerous forms of cannibalism and unusual bird prey, the falcon will also eat crops and has even been observed to wait until harvest season to harvest some food itself.
The Vikings largely feared the bird because of its almost demonic like behaviour, the Vikings also believed that if one tamed a Laverian Falcon they would be possessed by Loki as the bird brought Loki's will upon the people.
Upon the Christianisation of Laver Island by the Danes, the Laverian Falcon went by the name of "Satans hjælper" (Satan's helper). The Christians, who were told about the tales of the falcon by the Viking pagans, believed the bird to be an incarnation of Satan himself.
It is said that if the bird builds a nest close to your residence, death would occur.
Biologist Edvard Edvinssen in 1808 decided to study the bird in hopes of that he could remove the satanic view society held of the bird. He was very fascinated by it and studied the bird greatly. Edvard did not want the Laverian Falcon to be confused with the almost identical-looking Black Falcon found only in Australia, and thus he named the bird appropriately after the location it is found in.
Size: (adult, beak to tail): 55 – 46 cm (average 50 cm), tail makes up about half the length. Note: males are larger than females- this is a form of sexual dimorphism and unique to the Laverian Falcon.
Average weight: 1000 g (male) 865 g (female).
Wingspan: 100 –120 cm.
Colouration is uniformly dark brown to sooty black; juveniles are generally darker than adults; underwing feathers are two-tone (flight feathers slightly paler); adults may have an evident dark stripe below the eye. Occasionally the birds may have a white chin, spots on underwing coverts or bars on under tail coverts. Cere, eye-ring and feet are pale grey (or pale blue-grey); the eye is dark brown and beak tip is black. Talons are black. Chick is white down.
The falcon's body is streamlined with a relatively long tail and slim build. Wings are long and pointed tapering toward wingtip.
Laverian Falcons can be differentiated from hawks by their toothed upper mandible (with a corresponding notch in their lower mandible) and by their long pointed wings.
Other falcons and hawks are common species in Laver Island, and they are the most likely to be confused with the Laverian Falcon (particularly brown falcon juveniles and black morphs).
Laverian Falcon flying
Population and threat status
The Laverian Falcon is listed by the IUCN as least concern. It is generally considered heavy populated, common and nomadic.
It is listed as Vulnerable in Western Laver island because of the fewer nest-building opportunities.
In 2009 BirdLife International estimated the Laverian Falcon's population as between 1700 and 7700 mature individuals, with a stable population trend.
Behaviour and ecology
The Laverian Falcon is known to harass other bird species and animals, including raptors and corvids. It may be commonly found resting in trees and buildings where it spies on its prey or humans abandoning their leftover food.
The falcon's flight has been described as variable. Generally, it flies with relaxed ‘crow-like’ wingbeats with occasional soaring. It also flies with a stiffer, shorter wingbeat. It glides and soars with slightly drooped or sometimes horizontal wings, carpals forward (wings are stretched out straight when gliding). The tail is normally folded (except when soaring, when it is fanned with notched corners). It often soars for long periods without flapping and catches prey in the air or on the ground. In pursuit of prey, it uses powerful, rapid wingbeats. While resting the bird's wingtips are shorter than the tail and legs appear short.
The bird spends the rest of its life with a courted partner but usually hunts alone. Laverian Falcons will also sometimes hunt in pairs or take turns to hunt when they have to provide food for their offspring.
When the falcon results to cannibalism it is usually a bird of another species that it will attack, most often unsuspecting birds in nests fall victim, but the falcon will not shy away from a chase. When chasing another bird, the falcon will attack the prey's wings with its beak until one wing breaks.
In most desperate of situations, the falcon will eat its own offspring, this will, however, ruin its courtship with its partner and most times result in a duel to the death between the once courted birds.
During harvesting season the falcon will fly in to grab as much food as it can, but often this method of food gathering results in its death as farmers go to great lengths to preserve their crops.
The Laverian Falcon's diet primarily consists of smaller mammals and other birds.
The falcon's diet is not strict and it will on multiple occasions settle in areas where there is not much meat around if the vegetation or human trash can sustain it.
The falcon will eat all sorts of animals both alive and dead, it is not uncommon for the bird to snatch kittens and other weak animals.
Edvinssen conducted an experiment in which he would test the lengths the bird will go to feed itself and what animals it would not eat.
When introduced to foreign species, the falcon is observed to study the animals it is introduced to and then attack if no other familiar food source is present. The bird will, however, not attack if it can not pinpoint a weakness in its potential prey.
Such prey include turtles.
The bird is also known to, uniquely of its kind, be able to survive off of edible plants and various foods humans consume, this allows the bird to be able to settle in environments with a scarce number of potential prey. The very adaptable bird will even mark entire city neighbourhoods as a territorial ground if it can live off of the trash produced.
When introduced to foreign vegetables and berries, the bird has shown hesitancy to consume the food but will not shy away from eating them if it can not find a familiar food source.
Edvinssen concluded that the adaptable and curious bird eats almost anything it comes across, it will, however, only stick to food it knows unless desperate.
Younglings are primarily fed meat but are introduced to berries and other edible plants early on by their parents.
The falcon will also avoid animals larger than itself and avoids direct contact with humans. Desperate falcons may harass humans who carry food and even attack dogs.
Laverian Falcon spying on prey
Laying time: between May and November (usually July to September). Clutch size: 1 - 5 (usually 3 or 4). Egg size: 42x32 mm. Incubation: approximately 34 days (by female, possibly by male for short periods). Nestling period: 5.5 – 7 weeks. Life span: at least 12 years in the wild, and 8 years in captivity.
The Laverian Falcons nests in living or dead trees, using the stick nests of corvids or other raptors. It may take over nests occupied by other birds. It appears there may be interspecific competition for nest sites between the Laverian Falcon and other raptors and corvids. Nest sites are located in more hidden locations because of the bird's protective nature.
During breeding season males perform courtship displays such as horizontal figure eights around the nest it built or stole for its potential mate in hopes to win her over.
Female Laverian Falcons are very picky with their partners since the birds will be spending the rest of their lives with one partner.
The male brings food to the female during incubation and brooding. During the later nestling period, both sexes may forage to feed the young.
Post-fledging behaviour and development of young falcons appear to be very similar to that of the peregrine falcon and includes spending time with siblings and parents, and practising hunting, territorial and courtship behaviours.
Young Laverian Falcons leave their parents at around 20 weeks, and already when it is a year old it will look for a partner during breeding season.
Laverian Falcons raised in captivity live shorter than their wild counterparts and will not forge a proper bond with a partner. The reason for this is still unknown.
Laverian Falcons will have multiple children with their partners every year.
If a falcon eats its offspring, its partner will end the courtship and challenge the bird to a duel of death.
Falcons who are widowed do not look for other partners, but instead, intentionally starve themselves.
If a courtship has been broken off for whatever reason, the birds will look for another suitable mate.
The falcon serves as prey to other falcons and hawks, but have been victims to cats who looked for their kittens the falcons have snatched.
Farmers will also be on the lookout for Laverian Falcons and the falcon's curiosity and desire to eat is perhaps the most notable cause of death for the bird.
This factbook is well written, well researched, and unique. I have never seen a factbook about a national animal before and I’m glad Laver took the time to complete this! You have certainly got more dedication to finishing these than I do!
The award for Story of the Month goes to... Dizgovzy!
------Detective Dizgovzy was leaning back in his swivel chair, on a slow day at the office. He never thought anything would come from that singular day.
Both his dress shoes, resting on his desk. A cigar slowly burning on a tray, a glass of whiskey mostly gone in a corner of the desk, notes scattered around the room.
To his left was files, files, more files, and any phone numbers needed. Diz was a man of order. He was a man of class, and a man who yearned for respect.
------“Suo,” he said slowly, “is there any coffee left?” Suomessa was Diz’s best friend, sidekick, and businessman all in one.
------“I drank it. You want some more?” said the low, soothing voice of Suo.
------“Suo,” Diz muttered, “I think I’ll be fine.” With a nod from his partner, Diz gazed at the photographs on his desk- his mother and father, living in his hometown,
the first day of working as his own boss, a picture he had taken with President Anglorum after a particularly good solve in a corporate fraud case.
Diz took a slow puff from his cigar, before placing it down and closing his eyes.
------A yell woke Diz up. Jeez, how long was I out?, he thought. He opened his eyes.
Suo threw the office’s telephone back at its stand, before turning around to Diz. He had already grabbed his case and put on his coat.
------“We’ve got a missing persons case. It’s urgent. Come, I’ll brief you in the car.” explained Suo to a barely awake Diz.
He popped out of his seat, grabbed his coat, and followed Suo out the door of the office. Suo was waiting outside with his car keys.
------“I’ll drive.” Suo declared, and they started walking to the parking lot where Suo’s old Toyota was.
“While you were asleep, I received a call from a man named Mr. Laver Island. He says that his girlfriend, a lass by the name of Scarlett,
has been missing for almost a day now. Chief PoLiet won’t take the case because it’s only been a day.”
------“Interesting,” Diz replied. “Do we know the context?”
------“They’ve been together for a while now, healthy relationship and all. No kids. Last night Scarlett never came home from work-
she works for the government, Laver said. Laver tried calling her, but for the whole night she never responded nor was she seen.
He called the police around 08:00 this morning when she didn’t return overnight. Its 15:00 now, and there still has been no sign of her.”
------“We must be going to Laver’s, right?”
------“Yeah Diz. After interviewing Laver in person, we’ll do a sweep of Scarlett’s belongings, before compiling a list of all possible connected persons with the case.
Scarlett worked in the government so we’ll have connections there. I’m not sure where Laver worked.”
------“Alright, did you let PoLiet know that we’re taking this case?
------“No, not yet. I’ve already let Scarlett’s work partner Yahlia know that she’s gone missing, and that we’ll be coming over later to ask questions and sweep her office at work.”
------“Suo, remind me I need to give you a raise.” Diz said as the car drove down the road to Laver and Scarlett’s house.
End of Chapter 1
There has been a new trend for story writing recently and I love it, being a writer myself :3
So, this month I thought I would award my favourite! Congratulations to Dizgovzy for this first chapter of what sounds like an exciting detective story inspired by the work of Laver Island.
And last but definitely not least, the award for General Excellence this month goes to... Imperium Anglorum!
IA has been an amazing delegate, as always, and has been very helpful with current events in our region this month! He saw the Moderation Committee finally launched and has been drafting and reforming all kinds of legislation in the meantime. Congrats, IA!
Written by St Scarlett
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and US
President Donald Trump
On 25 July, US President Donald Trump made a phone call to congratulate the newly elected Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky. However, an anonymous whistleblower believed to be a CIA agent filed a complaint on 12 August about the call. This informant admitted to not having witnessed the call in person but said that different accounts from various officials were consistent (calls, such as the one Trump made to Zelensky, are always monitored by multiple individuals).
The whistleblower claims that President Trump used "the power of his office to solicit interference from a foreign country" in the 2020 election campaign. The informant also expresses concern about the White House allegedly trying to quell all information about the call.
To set minds at ease, the US President said that a "complete, fully declassified and unredacted transcript" would be released, but the document that was made public was not a verbatim account of the conversation but rather notes on the call.
The notes on the call show that Mr Trump asked President Zelensky to investigate discredited allegations of corruption against the Democratic frontrunner for the 2020 election, former Vice-President Joe Biden, and his son.
The alleged corrupted refers to 2015 when Mr Biden, when he was Vice-President, pressed for the dismissal of Ukraine’s top prosecutor who was investigating an energy company where Hunter Biden, his son, worked. Despite criticisms about conflict of interests arising, there has been no evidence that Joe Biden did anything to benefit his son. The pressure Biden put on Ukraine to remove the country’s top prosecutor was to reduce corruption in Ukraine. The dismissal of the prosecutor was formally backed by the US, the EU, and the International Monetary Fund.
It is also important to note that a few days before Mr Trump’s call with Mr Zelensky, the US withheld $391 million (USD) of military aid to the country. The concern is that the president withheld support from Ukraine to pressure the country into investigating already discredited claims of corruption into the man who will potentially be Mr Trump’s rival in the 2020 election campaign to influence the electorate in the favour of the incumbent. Working with a foreign power to manipulate a presidential election is illegal.
Considering all this information, the Democrats have launched a formal impeachment inquiry into this event and have already called numerous officials to testify, including the US’s special envoy to Ukraine. The acting ambassador to Ukraine has also stated that the release of the withheld military aid was made conditional on the country’s cooperation into the investigation of Mr Biden.
Impeachment is the first step in a two-stage process in which Congress can remove a sitting president from office. If the House of Representatives votes to pass articles of impeachment, the case will move to the Senate where a trial will be held. A two-thirds majority vote in the Senate is required to convict, but seeing how the Senate is controlled by Republicans, the president’s own party, this could be unlikely.
Written by Yahlia
A map of the conflict zone in Syria
Turkey started an armed incursion into northeastern Syria on 9 October. The Turkish military is targeting People’s Protection Units (YPG) strongholds. The YPG is the military wing of Syria’s Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD). The Turkish government claims that the YPG is an extension of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which is a Kurdish separatist group that operates in eastern Turkey and has been designated a terrorist organisation by both the EU and the US. However, there is no link between the PKK or the YPG.
The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have been crucial in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) and was a key ally of Western troops in the region. The YPG is the largest entity within the SDF. Now that IS has lost all its territorial holdings, the SDF control a large swathe of territory in northeast Syria, home to 3 million people and tens of thousands of prisoners of war.
After US President Donald Trump withdrew most American forces from Syria, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan gave the order to attack YPG territory in Syria. Turkey claims it wants to establish a “safe zone” in northeast Syria, free from YPG “terror threats”. The safe zone is meant to become the home for the millions of Syrian refugees who have flooded across the Turkish border who escaped the Syrian Civil War and the campaign against IS.
Due to the conflict created by the offensive, dubbed Operation Peace Spring by Turkey, over 170,000 Syrians fled the area and at least 120 civilians have been killed. Amnesty International claims they have compiled evidence of war crimes committed by Turkish and Turkish-backed forces. Critics of President Erdoğan’s offensive say that the “safe zone” is a tool to alter the demography of the area by flooding a Kurdish majority area with ethnic Syrians. Kurds are the largest ethnicity without their own country and separatism is rampant in both Turkey and Syria. The incursion into Syria was also condemned by Western leaders, largely because of the key role the SDF played in the battle against IS.
After four days of fighting the SDF reached an agreement with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad which would allow the Syrian government’s own forces to enter the territory controlled by the SDF to defend against the Turkish forces. However, on 17 October, the US helped to facilitate a ceasefire between Turkey and the SDF to allow YPG forces to vacate the defined safe zone. The ceasefire largely held, with only a few reported cases of small instances of combat. The SDF announced the withdrawal completed on 22 October, the same day Turkey and Russia, who supports the Syrian regime, came to an agreement to end the offensive. While the deal does not cover all factors, like what will happen to the SDF’s prisoners who are suspected of being IS combatants, it has halted the violence and brought stability for the foreseeable future, while also cementing Russia as a key player in the Syrian arena.
Written by Yahlia
Hello and welcome to this issue’s National Trivia section! This month we’re covering facts from Ukraine, which has been wrapped up in a scandal with regards to US President Donald Trump, and Syria, a nation that has suffered an unfortunate fate over the last decade and continues to be wrapped up in political turmoil.
The Mashqi Gate of Nineveh, a former
capital of Assyria (near Mosul, in Iraq),
which was destroyed by IS
Syria as a nation ceased to exist twice in the 1950/60s and the 1970s. During these times it formed part of the United Arab Republic (UAR) alongside Egypt from 1958–1971; and the Federation of Arab Republics (FAR) with Egypt and Libya from 1972-1977. These entities were full sovereign states structured comparably to a country like the United Kingdom. These were both attempts at creating a pan-Arab state but both failed as other countries did not wish to get involved.
If you study ancient history you may have heard of the name Assyria, which was an empire in the Middle East c.2500 to 609 BC. While the name is similar, this is not the same entity as modern-day Syria. However, the name Syria is widely believed to have derived from the ancient name of Assyria.
While Ukraine has historically been aligned with Russia, it is growing closer to the West. Ukraine has become much warmer to the idea of joining organisations such as NATO, especially after the Russian annexation of Crimea, as well as the European Union. In 2014, Ukraine signed an agreement with the EU which allows the country to receive assistance from the Union whilst aligning itself more with European values.
Ukraine’s flag is an interesting one and has a design that reflects that of Estonia’s. Like Estonia, Ukraine’s flag represents a physical view of a landscape, with the yellow bottom half representing vast wheat fields and the blue representing the sky. This flag paints Ukraine as a nation of agriculture and rich harvests.
Written by St Scarlett
Edited by Yahlia, Potus branada, and Novgorod-Pskov
We Need You!
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