Ghik Chalmo Kulba, Oun'Ou‚dre Chakr‚
One Sacred Order
Pathibhara, depicted on a Thangka
from the Grand Lasem, Chandaray
The roots of Gyalamism can be found in the Mundumic faith of Khyungba Hang, the leader of the Tamang Gun which conquered Hadzanye in 1067. His family followed a Pathibhara-oriented branch of the Mundhum faith, unlike the majority of the Tamang population who practiced Buddhism. Khyungba Hang and his descendants patronised Pathibhara and instituted a cult of state around her, aiming to supplant both the Buddhist beliefs of his clan and the traditional pagan beliefs of his new subjects. What ensued was a syncretic and popular faith that combined aspects of all three, without any central codification.
In 1467, theologian Dinchen Siddham Marpa was commissioned by the Hang of Fada-Bapsa to codify the religion of his people in response to the attempts by Christian missionaries to evangelise in his realm. The revered theologian compiled a collection of 888 mantras and axioms, alongside over 2800 pages of accompanying text and analysis. These books together form the core of the faith.
What sets Gyalamism apart from other faiths is it's belief in predestination and order as the defining characteristics of the religion. According to Gyalamism, all existence is locked in a struggle between order and chaos and has been since it's creation. In the beginning, there was only chaos. Pathibhara, a minor deity in traditional Mundhum, is held to have created all of existence upon the ideas of order and a great plan, known as the Foknunkulba (Tamang for "Order of Everything". Gyalamists believe that all creation is therefore engaged in this great plan and locked in a seemingly eternal struggle against chaos and strive to follow the role assigned to them. The religion is unique in its near lack of moral commandment, with emphasis placed on duty and obedience instead of ethical behaviour.