The Former American State of California broke with the United States in 1999 following the end of the United States' involvement in the European campaign during World War III and was recognized as the newly independent Republic of California following the treaties of Los Angeles in 2000 and St. Louis in 2001. During the first decade of the 21st century, the Republic of California grew in size as the governments of several states withdrew from the United States amidst the nation's economic stagnation, a double-digit unemployment rate and an inflation rate of sixteen percent choking the nation's prosperity leaving several millions of Americans jobless and others without houses as banks failed and mortgage rates climbed rapidly causing mass foreclosures across the nation.
The most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Second American Civil War (2007-21) and two attempted coups (2259 and 2264-65). Sustained by its victory against the United States ending the Second U.S. Civil War and from several victories in smaller conflicts against other nations Canada (2009-11), Mexico (2012-15), Phoenix Islands (2071-72), Eritrea, Djibouti & Somaliland (2091-93), Cuba (2259 and 2264-66), the Californian Confederation remains one of the world's most powerful nation-states. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advancements in technology.