San Carlos Islands
Commonwealth Coat of Arms
since 17 March 2020
Government of the San Carlos Islands
The Right Honorable
Cabinet • National Security
4 Creek Street
Governor-General of the
At the Governor-General's
28 June 1941
₽449,449 (SCR) annually
The prime minister of the San Carlos Islands is the head of government of the Commonwealth of the San Carlos Islands. The individual who holds the office is the most senior minister of state, and the leader of the federal Cabinet. The prime minister also has the responsibility of administering the Prime Ministry, and is the chair of the National Security Committee. The office of prime minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of the San Carlos Islands but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the governor-general of the San Carlos Islands and at the governor-general's pleasure subject to the Constitution of the San Carlos Islands and constitutional conventions.
Kennedy Piątek has held the office of prime minister since 17 March 2020. She received her commission after defeating former prime minister Elena Kuznetsova's Conservative-led coalition in the 2020 San Carlos Islands federal election.
The prime minister of the San Carlos Islands is appointed by the governor-general of the San Carlos Islands under Section 64 of the San Carlos Islands Constitution, which empowers the governor-general, as the official representative of the Crown, to appoint government ministers of state on the advice of the prime minister and requires them to be members of the House of Representatives or the Senate, or become members within three months of the appointment. The prime minister and treasurer are traditionally members of the House, but the Constitution does not have such a requirement. Before being sworn in as a Minister of State, a person must first be sworn in as a member of the Federal Executive Council if they are not already a member. Membership of the Federal Executive Council entitles the member to the style of The Honourable (usually abbreviated to The Hon) for life, barring exceptional circumstances. The senior members of the Executive Council constitute the Cabinet of the San Carlos Islands.
The prime minister is, like other ministers, normally sworn in by the governor-general and then presented with the commission (letters patent) of office. When defeated in an election, or on resigning, the prime minister is said to "hand in the commission" and actually does so by returning it to the governor-general. In the event of a prime minister dying in office, or becoming incapacitated, or for other reasons, the governor-general can terminate the commission. Ministers hold office "during the pleasure of the governor-general" (s. 64 of the Constitution of the San Carlos Islands), so theoretically, the governor-general can dismiss a minister at any time, by notifying them in writing of the termination of their commission; however, their power to do so except on the advice of the prime minister is heavily circumscribed by convention.
According to convention, the prime minister is the leader of the majority party or largest party in a coalition of parties in the House of Representatives which holds the confidence of the House. Some commentators argue that the governor-general may also dismiss a prime minister who is unable to pass the government's supply bill through both houses of parliament, including the San Carlos Islands Senate, where the government doesn't normally command the majority. There is no constitutional requirement that the prime minister sit in the House of Representatives, or even be a member of the federal parliament (subject to a constitutionally prescribed limit of three months), though by convention this is always the case.
Despite the importance of the office of Prime Minister, the Constitution does not mention the office by name. The conventions of the Westminster system were thought to be sufficiently entrenched in the San Carlos Islands by the authors of the Constitution that it was deemed unnecessary to detail these.
If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the House of Representatives, or the House passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the prime minister is bound by convention to immediately advise the governor-general to dissolve the House of Representatives and hold a fresh election. This happened in 2020 when the Kuznetsova government was held in no confidence after the National party left the government coalition, leading to the 2020 San Carlos Islands federal election.
Following a resignation in other circumstances or the death of a prime minister, the governor-general generally appoints the deputy prime minister as the new prime minister, until or if such time as the governing party or senior coalition party elects an alternative party leader. This has resulted in the party leaders from both the National party and the Socialist party being appointed as Prime Minister, despite being the smaller party of their coalition. This occurred when Colin Gottschalk of the National party became prime minister following the resignation of Ivan Petrovl in 1972, and when Howard Matthews of the Socialist Party became caretaker prime minister following the resignation of Artem Nosek in 1996.
Most of the prime minister's power derives from being the head of government. In practice, the Federal Executive Council acts to ratify all executive decisions made by the government and requires the support of the prime minister. The powers of the prime minister are to direct the governor-general through advice to grant Royal Assent to legislation, to dissolve and prorogue parliament, to call elections and to make government appointments, which the governor-general follows.
The Constitution divides power between the federal government and the states, and the prime minister is constrained by this.
The formal power to appoint the governor-general lies with the queen of the San Carlos Islands, on the advice of the prime minister, whereby convention holds that the queen is bound to follow the advice. The prime minister can also advise the monarch to dismiss the governor-general, though it remains unclear how quickly the monarch would act on such advice in a constitutional crisis. Prime ministers whose government loses a vote of no-confidence in the House of Representatives, are expected to advise the governor-general to dissolve parliament and hold an election, if an alternative government cannot be formed. If they fail to do this, the governor-general may by convention dissolve parliament or appoint an alternative government.
The prime minister is also the responsible minister for the Prime Ministry, which is tasked with supporting the policy agendas of the prime minister and Cabinet through policy advice and the coordination of the implementation of key government programs, to manage Aboriginal policy and programs and to promote reconciliation, to provide leadership for the Public Service San Carlos Islands alongside the San Carlos Islands Public Service Commission, to oversee the honors and symbols of the Commonwealth, to provide support to ceremonies and official visits, to set whole of government service delivery policy, and to coordinate national security, cyber, counterterrorism, regulatory reform, cities, population, data, and women's policy.
As of 23 March 2020, the San Carlos Islands' prime minister is paid a total salary of ₽449,449. This is made up of the 'base salary' received by all Members of Parliament (₽280,905) plus a 160 percent 'additional salary' for the role of Prime Minister. Increases in the base salary of MPs and senators are determined annually by the San Carlos Island Government's Remuneration Tribunal.
While in office, the prime minister has resides at an official residence, 4 Creek Street in Ketchikan. 4 Creek Street is fully staffed and catered for both the prime minister and their family. In addition, both have extensive security facilities. These residences are regularly used for official entertaining and receptions.
The prime minister receives a number of transport amenities for official business. The Royal San Carlos Islands Air Force transports the prime minister within the San Carlos Islands and overseas by specially converted Airbus Corporate Jets. The aircraft contain secure communications equipment as well as an office, conference room and sleeping compartments. The call-sign for the aircraft is "Ursa". For ground travel, the prime minister is transported in an armored Chevy Tahoe.
4 Creek Street
Prime Ministerial SUV
Politicians, including prime ministers, are usually granted certain privileges after leaving office, such as office accommodation, staff assistance, and a Life Gold Pass, which entitles the holder to travel within the San Carlos Islands for "non-commercial" purposes at government expense.
• List of Prime Ministers of the San Carlos Islands