Nephara is a democratic, federal parliamentary republic, where federal legislative power is vested in the unicameral Parliament. In its modern history, Nepharim politics have traditionally been dominated by the Progressive Democrats (Pro Dems) and the Nationals, formerly known as the Traditionalists, as a variety of minor parties rose and fell with the times.
The leader of the ruling party in Parliament becomes the head of state, the Margrave or Margravine, a title that stems from Nephara's history as a splintered group of city-states, the 'Long Marches'. While in office, a Margravine also carries the informal title of Lord of the Long Marches, the closest thing to a title of nobility in Nepharim society. Nephara does not acknowledge foreign knighthoods, nobles or even monarchs, on either an official or cultural level.
Nephara was one of the first members of the Common Rushmori Community. It sees itself as a keystone member of the CRC, an advocate for social democracy worldwide, and as a particularly staunch ally of Eura. Nephara is hawkish when it comes to fascism, and has played a key role in both the Corvidae and Terranean Wars.
Despite a tumultuous history of internal conflict, modern Nepharim politics tend towards the amenable. All three major parties believe in the sanctity of the Union, extensive welfare programs, extensive civil freedoms and strict separation of church and state, with a preference for broadly Keynesian economics. It's fair to say that Nephara, a largely urban nation, is progressive-leaning by and large.
This is not to say that the parties are largely identical - indeed, the Nepharim capacity for conflict runs heavy in the Parliament itself, and the sense of political theatre is high. Foreign policy and globalisation have often proven more controversial topics. Broadly, Nephara has taken strides in the direction of greater regional and international involvement over the past few decades - mostly but not entirely lead by the Nationals - but there's still a protectionist streak, and a particular wariness of foreign corporate investment.
There are currently 686 seats in the Federal Parliament, proportionally distributed and with an independent commission drawing the borders. In addition, Nephara calls on the maximum 45 Rushmori Parliament Members. Voting is preferential, and minor parties have generally provided a quarter to a third of the Parliament at any given time.
Explicitly religious parties are forbidden from standing, and anyone who attempts to even form a party deemed to promote fascist values is vigorously prosecuted. Part of the Nepharim consensus is that free speech is important, hate speech is not, and that fascist ideologues who take to the streets forfeit their right to state protection; vigorous physical reactions from citizens are held to be a sign of a healthy political interest.