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by The Egypt-Syria Union of The Arab-Federation. . 34 reads.

Al Ra'i | Volume II



ENGLISH| | |اللغة العربية

King Hussein (left), President Bill Clinton (centre) and PM Yitzhak Rabin (right) sign to the Washington Declaration, Washington DC, USA. - - - - - - - - - - - - -President Anwar Sadat (left), President Jimmy Carter (centre) and PM Menachem Begin (left) agree to the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, Washington DC, USA.

The Baghdad Conference, the 'Arab NATO'
— and peace with Israel.

By FAIZ AL MA'MUN distributed by AL RA'I — 25th May 2019


      B A G H D A D — It was only a few days when Arab leaders stood together, shock hands and agreed to the establish the Middle east's first monetary union—that was in Cairo—now these same heads of state stand in Baghdad in the atmosphere of progress, common defence and peace. The paranoia and mistrust between Arab States is rapidly being chipped away under the understand that the Arab's are indeed capable to stand for their own interests without the support of foreign powers should the Arab Governments value unity and pragmatics. It can be said, that in both the minds of citizens and policy makers alike, the idea of a common and rising Arab consciousness has never been more desired, more resurgent and more likely than ever before—and the key is Baghdad.

      The Iraqi-Jordanian Capital hosted the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammad Bin Salman—Syrian President, Bashar Al Assad—Egyptian President, Salman Abdul Nasser—Libyan President, Muammar Al Gaddafi—and finally the Prime Minister of Iraq-Jordan, Ali Barakat. The leaders are scheduled to take part in a series of high level negotiations over the duration of the Baghdad Conference regarding common Arab defence and military cooperation, based upon the realization of the common geopolitical and defensive interests and goals of the participating states.

      Although nothing has yet to finalized due to the early stages of the conference and recent arrival of the various Arab leaderships, the news has been received very positively—with many government officials and civilians seeing it as huge step in the restoration of the Arab role within Middle Eastern politics, something that has been rather absent due to Arab disunity. For the personal thoughts of the leaders, and their government—this move has demonstrated a loss of patience towards past geopolitical trends, some in government may even be considered to be personally disillusioned with how Arab states are treated as 'unequal parties' in regional politics.

      What an 'Arab NATO' will look like ; the new regional power

      B A G H D A D — Defence Ministers in Baghdad, Cairo, Damascus, Riyadh and Tripoli have never been more overjoyed—statistically speaking an Arab defensive pact modelled around NATO will have the third highest military budget in the world at approximately $ 158 Billion, being only behind both China and the United States in that order—and dwarfing the spending of all other militaries in the M.E.N.A region. In terms of size, the combined strength would total 2.9 million personnel, not including paramilitary groups. However the main point of discussion and application is not around statistics but about structure.

      Baghdad's and Amman's politicians have demanded off the conference a strong centralized command structure between the states, including the possibility of a joint general staff and air defence system, such policies are a repeat of previous diplomatic efforts to bond the states as closely as possible, for Barakat and others, an 'Arab NATO' emulates not an organization of many state's and many armies—but many state's with one unified military force. However it is expected that Ali Barakat will partly sideline his nation's ambitions at this stage of the conference.

      Israeli-Arab Relations ; the chance for a final peace

      J E R U S A L E M — PM Yitzhak Rabin sat down with King Hussein overlooking the Arava Valley in Israel and pledged their states to peace, this was followed by the Washington Declaration of July 1994, when the same leaders—this time with mediation from President Bill Clinton finally solidified peace, ending over 40 years of warfare. This was not a first, in 1979 Egypt was the first Arab state to make peace with the Jewish State. Baghdad's, Riyadh's and Cairo's leadership and possibly soon Tripoli's and Damascus's see Israel as a strategic ally in the fight against foreign-backed terrorist proxies in South Lebanon, Gaza, Yemen as well as elsewhere. However the Arab's have come to the understanding that a long lasting deal must be signed between their collective organizations and Israel in order to fully achieve peace and increase strategic ties—in particular—Baghdad is eager to restart Arab-Israeli dialogue on the political, social, military and economic fronts and finalized a potential peace treaty between Israel and Syria.

      These goals coincide with a renewed Arab interest in coexistence with 'fellow Semites' in Israel, and abandoning entrenched interference in the Palestinian-Israeli peace process, due to the need for a renewed agreement initiative and possibly viewing the Oslo Accords as unsatisfactory in achieving its ended goals and aims. The main Arab focus has been slowly shifting in favour of 'simple peace' in the conflict. The Arab NATO has a large role to play in building Arab-Israeli cooperation, seeing the inevitable agreement amongst Israeli and Arab politicians that cooperation is now not an option, but a political necessity.

A civic meeting between Israeli's and Bedouin Arab's, Eilat, Israel.
      Pan-Arab Cooperation—regional salvation

      B A G H D A D — The Middle East and the Arab World—is now an emerging hub of progress, the fading attitudes between the Arab's and their neighbours has changed with it, embracing the need of cooperation and the common cause of stability within the region, the upholding of international law and territorial integrity of all sovereign states. Although poised in an excellent position, what has been made clear is the desire to compromise, find common ground and cooperate. This has never been more profound than between the Arab peoples and their own interests as well as the State of Israel—the intention is clear—and that is the tranquility of nations.

      " . . . Call me a Nasserist, Pan-Arabist or a Ba'athist—but my ideology is peace . . . "

      — Quote Spoken by Ali Barakat, May 2019.