Emblem of the Tysoanian Armed Forces
Founded: 15 May 1499
Headquarters: Port Baetica
Active personnel: 152,250
Reserve personnel: 33,000
Percent of GDP: 1%
The Tysoanian Armed Forces is the primary armed service of the government of Tysoania. The Tysoanian Armed Forces is made up of four branches: the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Civil Guard. Under the Tysoanian Constitution, the President of Tysoania is the commander-in-chief of the Tysoanian Armed Forces, while the Senate has the authority to declare a state of war and vest all necessary powers in the President during wartime. The Empire of Nova Roma can call upon Tysoania to contribute forces, but they are then counted as expeditionary forces and fall under the Imperial chain of command.
Tysoanian defense policy is largely focused on defensive warfare, rather than offensive operations, and this largely stems from the experience of the Great Northern War, in which Tysoanian troops attempted a convention offensive campaign against a well-prepared, better-equipped opponent and were easily routed. As a result of this, Tysoanian defense policy has been traditionally oriented around preparing the bulk of its forces for defensive combat, while using only elite units in limited offensive roles. Tysoanian military forces, and particularly the Civil Guard, have also increasingly been called upon to assist both governments and non-governmental organizations in humanitarian efforts and disaster relief throughout the country alongside their expected roles in armed warfare. Since the integration of the member states of the Empire of Nova Roma, Tysoanian defense policy and military training has been oriented around the accomplishment of three goals above all else. These goals are:
-The defense of Tysoania;
-The defense of Tysoania's allies and the Empire of Nova Roma;
-Contributing to international peacekeeping and humanitarian efforts.
Prior to the formation of Tysoania in the aftermath of the Tysoanian Uprising, defense of Iberia was managed by the militaries of Spain and Portugal. These nations did not maintain standing armies and instead raised armies in times of war for the length of the conflict. This contributed to the success of the uprising, as there were no prepared militaries that could quickly and easily suppress the revolt.
Once victory had been declared in May 1499, the new nation of Tysoania was left with a large army from fighting the civil war. A military council took temporary power over the nation while a new government was negotiated, and rather than maintain an expensive standing army, the council opted to break the forces down into regional paramilitaries to shift the cost of maintenance to local residents, rather than the new and unstable federal government, with only the coast guard and a small coastal navy left as regular forces. With the ascension of King Philip I to the throne of Tysoania in 1502, the military council was dissolved and ultimate command power was invested in the king. This lasted until 1531, when the threat of an uprising led to the dissolution of the monarchy and the establishment of a parliamentary republican government.
Because the federal government did not take any steps towards a standing army, the bulk of the military remained the regional paramilitaries, and this led to wildly uneven standards, poor equipment maintenance, and rampant corruption. A political organization calling themselves the New Tysoanians managed to take root in the paramilitaries and, when tensions came to a head in neighbouring France over a push for democracy, began sending military equipment and trained volunteers to France for the inevitable peasant uprising. This created the perception that the Tysoanian government was bankrolling the uprising, and French retaliations for this led to Tysoania intervening in the war in 1712 on the side of the rebels. However, the reliance on poorly-trained and ill-equipped paramilitaries and militias became a fatal flaw for the Tysoanian army; in its first battle against the well-funded and prepared French army, the Tysoanian army was routed. The army halted all operations during 1713 to refit and reinforce its troops in France; in 1714, troops were committed only to supporting rebel-led operations in small skirmishes and guerrilla warfare using hit-and-run tactics. This shift paid off, as in September 1717, the royalist government formally surrendered power to the rebels, who ceded French possessions in northern Africa to Tysoania in gratitude. A second uprising resulted in Tysoania easily capturing and annexing southern France, with its newly-equipped and now-experienced paramilitaries easily overcoming the few French forces in the south that had made it through the previous civil war.
The experience of the Great Northern War showed the Tysoanian high command that a proper standing army would be required if the Tysoanian military was called upon again, and in 1725, the first standing regular forces of the Tysoanian army began training. In an 1862 reorganization, the paramilitaries and militias merged with the coast guard to become the Civil Guard, whose responsibilities were customs enforcement, rapid response to internal threats, and border protection in the event that the army was serving beyond the nation's borders.
In the 1920s, overseas wars had shown the need for trade protection, and so the Tysoanian navy began evolving from its previous role as coastal protection towards escort and anti-submarine duties in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic coast of Europe. This change was supported by the newly created air force, which was first envisioned as a naval asset for target-spotting and minelaying. However, by the 1950s, the air force had developed into a distinct branch of the military, focused on air defense and close air support for ground forces.
The Constitution states that the President of Tysoania is the commander-in-chief of the Tysoanian Armed Forces, and that the Tysoanian and Imperial Senates are the sole authorities that can declare a state of war. The Minister of Defense is the Senate's representative for defense matters and is the second-in-command of the Armed Forces, after the President.
The Armed Forces is composed of a hierarchy of officers and enlisted personnel. The Prime Minister appoints, on the advice of the Minister of Defense, the Chief of the Defense Staff, who serves as the highest-ranking active-duty service member and the operational commander of the Armed Forces. The Chief of the Defense Staff is the head of the Defense Staff, which is made up of the commanders of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Civil Guard. The Armed Forces operates out of 16 bases, known as forts, around Tysoania, and the Defense Staff works out of Armed Forces Headquarters in Port Baetica.
The Army is the largest component of the Tysoanian Armed Forces and is responsible for the defense of national territory in coordination with the other forces. Army forces can also be deployed overseas, although it is largely organized around static defenses along the borders, or used to assist other government entities with disaster response and humanitarian efforts as needed.
The primary small arms of the Tysoanian Army are the the AK-47 and the Sig Sauer P-226, both produced under license by the Tysoania Arms Works. The main truck of the Army is the A3 truck, a native Tysoanian design built to carry up to 3 tons in Tysoania's mountainous terrains. Uniquely among major nations, the Tysoanian Army also widely uses a halftrack vehicle, the A3H, for use in the snowy terrain of the Pyrenee, Alps, and Atlas mountain ranges.
The principal weapons systems of the Tysoanian Army are the T-72 main battle tank (manufactured in Soap tips), the B5 armoured personnel carrier (produced by Leopard Weapons Systems), and the Thunderbolt 152mm self-propelled artillery (produced by Leopard Weapons Systems). The Army's helicopters are the Bell UH-1 Iroquois, and the Kamov Ka-50, both produced in Soap tips.
As of 2020, the Tysoanian Army consists of:
- 132 tanks
- 415 armoured personnel carriers
- 728 self-propelled and towed artillery systems
- 210 helicopters
The Army Headquarters is located in Toulouse, in northern Tysoania. Although the highest officers of the Army work out of the Armed Forces Headquarters in Port Baetica, the bulk of the Army's mid-level staff officers are located in the Army Headquarters, which is closer to the northern frontier.
I Legion (Infantry) "Madrid"
III Legion (Infantry) "Oviedo"
VI Legion (Infantry) "Algiers"
VII Legion (Infantry) "Bordeaux"
XI Legion (Mountain) "Murcia
X Legion (Infantry) "Barcelona"
XII Legion (Infantry) "Tunis"
II Legion (Mountain) "Rabat"
VI Legion (Airmobile) "Mallorca"
VIII Legion (Airmobile) "Ibiza"
V Legion (Mountain) "Montpellier"
The Navy is the third-largest of the branches of the Tysoanian Armed Forces and shares the honour of oldest service with the Army. It is responsible for the defense of the coastline and protection of Tysoanian shipping, as well as patrolling Tysoania's territorial waters for smugglers, criminal operations, and other threats to Tysoania. It can also be called on to assist the Civil Guard's naval assets if necessary.
The Tysoanian Navy is organized into three squadrons. I Squadron, made up of two cruisers, four destroyers, and eight corvettes, is stationed at Fort Bayonne and is responsible for defending and patrolling the Atlantic coast. II Squadron, made up of two battleships, two destroyers, and eight corvettes, operates from Fort Palma and is responsible for naval operations in the Mediterranean Sea. III Squadron, stationed in Gibraltar, is the Navy's submarine squadron and is tasked with patrolling for and attacking enemy shipping in the event of a major conflict.
The Tysoanian Navy possesses several land-based naval facilities throughout the nation. Tysoania's three naval bases at Gibraltar, Majorca, and Bayonne contain dockyards, drydocks, and a full suite of personnel and equipment services, while there are seven smaller naval stations along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts that are primarily intended only for refueling and rearming. The Navy Headquarters is a part of the Fort Palma naval base on Majorca.
F22 Ciudad Real
S3 Al Hoceima
S4 Tizi Ouzou
The Tysoanian Air Force is the smallest and newest of the branches of the Tysoanian Armed Forces. It is responsible for the defense of Tysoanian and allied airspace and providing support for naval and ground forces with logistical assistance and close air support. The Tysoanian Air Force also owns, operates, and maintains the nation's fleet of diplomatic aircraft for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Air Force is divided into four squadrons. I Squadron "Trajan" is a combat squadron assigned to protect northern Tysoania that operates at Fort Marseille, while II Squadron "Hadrian" is an identical combat squadron tasked with defending southern Tysoania and the nation's territorial waters from Fort Sevilla. III Squadron "Antoninus Pius" is the Air Force's transport squadron; rather than a central base, this squadron operates through detachments at every major base with a runway, although the major maintenance and training facilities are located at Fort Guadalajara. IV Squadron "Marcus Aurelius" is the diplomatic aircraft squadron and operates from Fort Port Baetica.