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by The Republic of Creslonia. . 6 reads.

Creslonia | Judiciary - Laws


REPUBLIC OF CRESLONIA
JUDICIARY - LAWS


INDEX



The Republic of Creslonia uses a centralised legal system, meaning that individual provinces and municipalities all follow the same laws. Laws are proposed to the Creslonian Parliament by members and then go through the same process as any other bill.

Laws are enforced by the Ministry of Police and the Creslonian National Police. The Ministry of Justice is reponsible for ensuring that justice is served and oversees the courts and trials.

Offences


Grades

There are five 'grades' of criminal offences in the Republic of Creslonia.

Grade 1: Infringments, such as public disorderliness, minor speeding, parking offences, and toll offences.
Grade 2: Summary offences, such as distracted driving, reckless driving, and common assault.
Grade 3: Serious offences, such as drunk driving, aggravated assault, indecent assault, and robery.
Grade 4: Severe offences, such as rape, aggravated robbery, kidnapping, murder, and manslaughter.
Grade 5: Extreme offences that pose a threat to the entire nation, such as treason and terrorism.

Courts




Logos of the ministries of Justice and Police.

Grade 1, 2, and some Grade 3 offences are tried in municipal courts. Municipal courts are the lowest courts in the nation, and there is generally one in each municipality (except for smaller ones, particularly in the Northern Isles).

Grade 4 and major Grade 3 offences are tried in the provincial high courts. There is one high court per province (for a total of four), although the Northern Isles Provincial High Court also acts as a municipal court for the neighbouring municipalities that are too small for a court of their own.

Courts of appeal are often present in every municipality, although there is at least one per province. These courts can appeal decisions made by the municipal courts.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Creslonia tries those accused of committing Grade 5 offences, and also hears provincial high court appeals.

Penalties

Grade 1 offences are very minor, and therefore are penalised with verbal or written warnings, and fines. Grade 2 offences are slightly more major and incur fines and prison sentences of less than a year. Grade 3 offences tend to result in jail time of less between two to five years. Grade 4 offences often result in a life sentence (25 years). This is commonly referred to as a livable life sentence, to distinguish it from a whole life sentence, and also because 25 years is the majority of a person's livable life. Grade 5 offences are punished with whole life sentences, i.e. a person(s) must spend the rest of their life in prison (usually a maximum security prison).

Enforcment




Emblem of the CNP.

The Creslonian National Police (CNP) is the centralised law enforcement agency in Creslonia. The CNP is headed by a police commissioner, currently Hayley Richardson. The CNP is divided into nine units:

Crime Scene Unit
Bomb Disposal Unit
Hostage Rescue Unit
Special Operations Unit
Maratime Operations Unit
Aerial Operations Unit
Child Protection Unit
Special Investigations Unit
Traffic and Road Incidents Unit

Each municipality has local municipal sheriffs, under the authority of their municipality's department of public safety. Municipal sheriffs perform basic tasks, such as writing parking tickets and protecting local events and officials. They are also responsible for providing security for council buildings.

The Central Security Administration (CSA) is Creslonia's security intelligence agency, similar to Britain's SIS and America's NSA. The CSA mostly deals with counter-terrorism and other matters of national security. The External Intelligence Administration (EIA), similar to America's CIA, is responsible for gathering intelligence on foreign powers. The EIA often assits the Ministry of Defence. Both administrations report to the Office of the Prime Minister.


Compliments, suggestions, or error corrections? Feel free to telegram me.

The Republic of Creslonia

Edited:

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